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1.
Cell Rep ; 40(13): 111415, 2022 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36170811

RESUMO

Sphingolipids play important signaling and structural roles in cells. Here, we find that during de novo sphingolipid biosynthesis, a toxic metabolite is formed with critical implications for cancer cell survival. The enzyme catalyzing the first step in this pathway, serine palmitoyltransferase complex (SPT), is upregulated in breast and other cancers. SPT is dispensable for cancer cell proliferation, as sphingolipids can be salvaged from the environment. However, SPT activity introduces a liability as its product, 3-ketodihydrosphingosine (3KDS), is toxic and requires clearance via the downstream enzyme 3-ketodihydrosphingosine reductase (KDSR). In cancer cells, but not normal cells, targeting KDSR induces toxic 3KDS accumulation leading to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) dysfunction and loss of proteostasis. Furthermore, the antitumor effect of KDSR disruption can be enhanced by increasing metabolic input (via high-fat diet) to allow greater 3KDS production. Thus, de novo sphingolipid biosynthesis entails a detoxification requirement in cancer cells that can be therapeutically exploited.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Serina C-Palmitoiltransferase , Lipogênese , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Serina/metabolismo , Serina C-Palmitoiltransferase/metabolismo , Esfingolipídeos/metabolismo , Esfingosina/análogos & derivados
2.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is imperative to explore potential biomarkers for predicting clinical outcome and developing targeted therapies for T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). This study aimed to investigate the mutation patterns of tumor necrosis factor-alpha-inducing protein 3 (TNFAIP3, also known as A20) and its role in the prognosis of T-ALL patients. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Sanger sequencing data from T-ALL (n = 49, JNU) and targeted sequencing data from T-ALL (n = 54, NFH) in our clinical center and a publicly available dataset (n = 121, PRJCA002270), were used to detect TNFAIP3 mutation. RESULTS: Three TNFAIP3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; g.3033 C > T, g.3910 G > A, and g.3904 A > G) were detected in T-ALL in the JNU dataset, and g.3033 C > T accounted for the highest proportion, reaching 60% (6/10). Interestingly, TNFAIP3 mutation mainly occurred in adults but not pediatric patients in all three datasets (JNU, NFH, and PRJCA002270). T-ALL patients carrying a TNFAIP3 mutation were associated with a trend of poor overall survival (OS) (p = 0.092). Moreover, TNFAIP3 mutation was also an independent factor for OS for T-ALL patients (p = 0.008). Further subgroup analysis suggested that TNFAIP3 mutation predicted poor OS for T-ALL patients who underwent chemotherapy only (p < 0.001), and it was positively correlated with high risk and early T-cell precursor ALL (ETP-ALL) in two independent validation datasets (NFH and PRJCA002270). CONCLUSION: TNFAIP3 mutation mainly occurs in adult T-ALL patients, and it was associated with adverse clinical outcomes for T-ALL patients; thus, it might be a biomarker for prognostic stratification.

3.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089685

RESUMO

Salix babylonica L. shows a great potential for restoration of contaminated water or soils and has a high ornamental value (Li et al. 2015). In mid-October 2021, a leaf spot disease, with an incidence of approximately 61%, occurred on leaves of 25-year-old S. babylonica on the campus of Nanjing Forestry University. On average, 65% of the leaves per tree were infected. Symptoms began as dark brown, irregular spots, and the centers were grayish white. The spots gradually enlarged with time. Fresh specimens were collected from 3 trees (10 leaves/tree). Small tissue pieces cut from lesion margins were surface-sterilized (Mao et al. 2021), plated on potato dextrose agar (PDA), and incubated at 25°C. Three representative isolates (NL1-7, NL1-10, and NL1-13) were obtained and deposited in The China Forestry Culture Collection Center. The colonies of 3 isolates were white, grayish white at the center. The conidia of 3 isolates were one-celled, straight, subcylindrical, hyaline, smooth, 14.6-18.6 × 4.3-6.7 µm, 13.8-16.7 × 4.7-6.0 µm and 12.1-16.9 × 5.4-7.5 µm (n = 50) for NL1-7, NL1-10, and NL1-13, respectively. The conidiophores of NL1-7 were hyaline to pale brown, septate, and branched, 18.9-48.0 µm (n = 50). Appressoria were one-celled, ellipsoidal, brown or dark brown, thick-walled. The conidiophores and appressoria of the other two isolates were almost identical to NL1-7. Based on morphological characteristics, the 3 isolates matched the Colletotrichum gloeosporioides species complex (Weir et al. 2012). DNA of the 3 isolates was extracted. The internal transcribed spacer region (ITS), actin (ACT), calmodulin (CAL), chitin synthase (CHS-1), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), and ß-tubulin 2 (TUB2) loci were amplified using the primer pairs ITS1/ITS4, ACT-512F/ACT-783R, CL1C/CL2C, CHS-79F/CHS-354R, GDF1/GDR1, and T1/Bt2b, respectively (Weir et al. 2012). The sequences were deposited in GenBank [Accession Nos. ON870951 and ON858477 to ON858481 for NL1-7; ON908707 and ON858482 to ON858486 for NL1-10; ON870949 and ON858487 to ON858491 for NL1-13]. BLAST result showed that ITS, ACT, CAL, CHS-1, GAPDH, and TUB2 sequences of NL1-7 were identical to C. gloeosporioides at a high level (>99%). The sequences of NL1-10 and NL1-13 were consistent with C. siamense at a high level (>99%). A maximum likelihood and Bayesian Inference analyses using IQtree v. 1.6.8 and MrBayes v. 3.2.6 with the concatenated sequences (ITS, ACT, CAL, CHS-1, GAPDH, and TUB2) placed NL1-7 in the clade of C. gloeosporioides sensu stricto and NL1-10 and NL1-13 in the clade of C. siamense. To confirm their pathogenicity, 9 healthy 3-yr-old seedlings, and 10 leaves/seedling were wounded with a sterile needle and inoculated with 10 µL of conidial suspension (106 conidia/mL) of the 3 isolates, respectively. Three control plants were treated with sterile water. Seedlings were covered with plastic bags after inoculation and kept in a greenhouse at 25 ± 2°C and RH 80%. Within 7 days, all inoculated leaves showed lesions similar to those in the field, and controls were asymptomatic. C. gloeosporioides s.s. and C. siamense were reisolated from the infected tissues. It was reported that Colletotrichum species can cause many plant diseases, for example, C. acutatum causes twig canker (Swain et al. 2012), and C. salicis causes willow anthracnose (Okorski et al. 2018), etc. However, some Colletotrichum species are endophytic (Martin et al. 2021) and may only become pathogenic under the right conditions. This is the first report of C. gloeosporioides s.s. and C. siamense causing leaf spots on S. babylonica in the world. These data will help select appropriate strategies for managing this disease and further studies on the pathogen and the host.

4.
Biochem Genet ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103059

RESUMO

Circular RNA_0001777 (circ_0001777) is reported to be down-regulated in lung cancer. Nevertheless, the function of circ_0001777 in lung adenocarcinoma is largely unclear. We explored the role of circ_0001777 in lung adenocarcinoma progression and the underlying molecular mechanism. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot assay were conducted to determine the expression of RNAs and proteins. 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, 5-ethynyl-20-deoxyuridine, and colony formation assays were conducted to analyze cell proliferation ability. Flow cytometry was carried out to assess cell apoptosis rate. Cell migration and invasion abilities were analyzed by wound healing assay and transwell assays. Cell glycolytic metabolism was measured using a fluorescence-based glucose assay kit and a lactate oxidase-based colorimetric assay kit. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay were implemented to verify the intermolecular interactions. Circ_0001777 expression was reduced in lung adenocarcinoma tissues and cell lines. Circ_0001777 overexpression restrained the proliferation, migration, invasion, and glycolysis and promoted the apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Circ_0001777 could directly bind to microRNA-942-5p (miR-942-5p). The anti-tumor effects of circ_0001777 overexpression in lung adenocarcinoma cells were reversed after miR-942-5p accumulation. miR-942-5p directly bound to the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of prickle planar cell polarity protein 2 (PRICKLE2), and PRICKLE2 silencing reversed the anti-tumor effects of miR-942-5p knockdown in lung adenocarcinoma cells. Circ_0001777 could regulate PRICKLE2 expression by absorbing miR-942-5p. Circ_0001777 overexpression markedly hampered tumor progression in vivo. Circ_0001777 suppressed the progression of lung adenocarcinoma by binding to miR-942-5p to induce PRICKLE2 expression.

5.
CRISPR J ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070530

RESUMO

While genome editing has been revolutionized by the advent of CRISPR-based nucleases, difficulties in achieving efficient, nuclease-mediated, homology-directed repair (HDR) still limit many applications. Commonly used DNA donors such as plasmids suffer from low HDR efficiencies in many cell types, as well as integration at unintended sites. In contrast, single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) donors can produce efficient HDR with minimal off-target integration. In this study, we describe the use of ssDNA phage to efficiently and inexpensively produce long circular ssDNA (cssDNA) donors. These cssDNA donors serve as efficient HDR templates when used with Cas9 or Cas12a, with integration frequencies superior to linear ssDNA (lssDNA) donors. To evaluate the relative efficiencies of imprecise and precise repair for a suite of different Cas9 or Cas12a nucleases, we have developed a modified traffic light reporter (TLR) system (TLR-multi-Cas variant 1 [MCV1]) that permits side-by-side comparisons of different nuclease systems. We used this system to assess editing and HDR efficiencies of different nuclease platforms with distinct DNA donor types. We then extended the analysis of DNA donor types to evaluate efficiencies of fluorescent tag knockins at endogenous sites in HEK293T and K562 cells. Our results show that cssDNA templates produce efficient and robust insertion of reporter tags. Targeting efficiency is high, allowing production of biallelic integrants using cssDNA donors. cssDNA donors also outcompete lssDNA donors in template-driven repair at the target site. These data demonstrate that circular donors provide an efficient, cost-effective method to achieve knockins in mammalian cell lines.

6.
Public Health Nutr ; : 1-27, 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36138541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The relationship of a diet low in fiber with mortality has not been evaluated. This study aims to assess the burden of non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) attributable to a diet low in fiber globally from 1990 to 2019. DESIGN: All data were from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019, in which the mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and years lived with disability (YLDs) were estimated with Bayesian geospatial regression using data at global, regional, and country level acquired from an extensively systematic review. SETTING: All data sourced from the GBD Study 2019. PARTICIPANTS: All age groups for both sexes. RESULTS: The age-standardized mortality rates (ASMRs) declined in most GBD regions; however, in Southern Sub-Saharan Africa, the ASMR increased from 4.07 (95% uncertainty interval (UI): [2.08, 6.34]) to 4.60 (95% UI: [2.59, 6.90]), and in Central Sub-Saharan Africa, the ASMR increased from 7.46 (95% UI: [3.64, 11.90]) to 9.34 (95% UI: [4.69, 15.25]). Uptrends were observed in the age-standardized YLDs rates attributable to a diet low in fiber in a number of GBD regions. The burden caused by diabetes mellitus increase in Central Asia, Southern Sub-Saharan Africa and Eastern Europe. CONCLUSIONS: The burdens of disease attributable to a diet low in fiber in Southern Sub-Saharan Africa and Central Sub-Saharan Africa and the age-standardized YLDs rates in a number of GBD regions increased from 1990 to 2019. Therefore, greater efforts are needed to reduce the disease burden caused by a diet low in fiber.

7.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36018554

RESUMO

Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn., commonly known as soapberry, is widely cultivated as a landscaping tree in Southern China. In June 2019, a foliar disease with an incidence of ∼60% occurred on trees was observed in the soapberry germplasm repository, Jianning, Sanming, Fujian, China. The symptoms initially appeared as irregular small yellow spots, while the center of the lesions became dark brown with time. Fragments (size 3 to 4 mm2) taken from lesion margins were sterilized and cultured based on Wang et al. Two isolates (FJ1 and FJ21) were obtained with the following morphological characteristics on PDA, (1) FJ1: Conidiogenous cells were 9.7 to 25.0 × 1.5 to 2.2 µm (n=20). Alpha conidia were 6.1 to 8.3 × 2.2 to 3.0 µm (n=30), aseptate, hyaline, smooth, ellipsoidal. Beta conidia were 28.3 to 38.2 × 1.3 to 1.7 µm (n=30), hyaline, smooth, curved to hooked. Conidial drops were milky colored; (2) FJ21: Pycnidia were dark brown, 280 to 843 µm (n=30) in diam., globose, or irregular on alfalfa stems. Conidiophores were hyaline, cylindrical, smooth, and slightly tapered to the apex, 17.4 to 35.4 × 1.5 to 2.6 µm (n=20). Conidiogenous cells were 14.7 to 29.7 × 1.4 to 2.6 µm (n=20). Alpha conidia were 5.6 to 7.1 × 2.4 to 3.4 µm (n= 30), hyaline, smooth, ellipsoidal, or clavate, aseptate, biguttulate. Beta conidia not observed. Conidial drops were yellow. The morphological characteristics of FJ1 and FJ21 were similar to those of Diaporthe spp.. DNA of two isolates was extracted, and the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) and partial sequences of translation elongation factor 1-alpha (TEF1-α), calmodulin (CAL), ß-tubulin (TUB), and histone H3 (HIS) genes were amplified with primers ITS1/ITS4, EF1-728F/EF1-986R, CAL228F/CAL737R, ßt2a/ßt2b, and CYLH3F/H3-1b, respectively. The sequences were deposited in GenBank (accession nos. MW585608 and MW768905 to MW768908 for FJ1; MT755625 and MT776728 to MT776731 for FJ21). The BLASTn results showed that the ITS, TEF1-α, TUB, HIS, and CAL sequences of FJ1 were 100, 99, 98, 98, and 99% identical to those of D. eres (NR144923, KJ210550, KJ420799, KJ420850, and KJ434999, respectively). For FJ21, BLASTing with the same loci showed 100, 100, 100, 99, and 100% similarity with those of D. unshiuensis (MH121530, MH121572, MH121607 MH121488, and MH121448, respectively). Phylogenetic analyses with the concatenated sequences placed FJ1 and FJ21 in the clades of D. eres and D. unshiuensis, respectively. Pathogenicity tests were performed by wounding leaves of 2-year-old soapberry seedlings with a sterile needle. The leaves were inoculated with D. eres and D. unshiuensis isolates, respectively, with 10 µl of conidial suspensions (106 conidia/ml). Three plants were used for each treatment, and the leaves of each plant were inoculated. The control was treated with 10 µl of sterile water. The plants were kept in a greenhouse (RH > 80%, 25 ± 2°C). In 5 days, all inoculated leaves showed lesions similar to the field symptoms. Controls were asymptomatic. Diaporthe eres and D. unshiuensis were reisolated from the diseased leaves. No fungus was isolated from the control. Previously, D. biconispora and D. sapindicola were reported as the causal agents of soapberry, but this is the first report of D. eres and D. unshiuensis causing leaf spots on S. mukorossi in China. These data will help develop effective strategies for managing this disease.

8.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 953302, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35967865

RESUMO

Candida glabrata is the second or third most common Candida-associated species isolated from hospital-acquired infections, surpassing even C. albicans in some hospitals. With the rapid progression of the disease course of C. glabrata infections, there is an urgent need for a rapid and sensitive on-site assay for clinical diagnosis. Isothermal amplification is a recently developed method for rapid nucleic acid detection that is being increasingly used for on-site detection, especially recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA). RPA combined with lateral flow strips (LFS) can rapidly amplify and visually detect the target gene within 20 min. The whole detection process can be controlled within 30-60 min by rapid sample pre-treatment. In this study, RPA-LFS was used to amplify the internal transcribed spacer region 2 gene of C. glabrata. The primer-probe design was optimized by introducing base mismatches (probe modification of one base) to obtain a highly specific and sensitive primer-probe combination for clinical sample detection. RPA-LFS was performed on 23 common clinical pathogens to determine the specificity of the assay system. The RPA-LFS system specifically detected C. glabrata without cross-reaction with other fungi or bacteria. Gradient dilutions of the template were tested to explore the lower limit of detection of this detection system and to determine the sensitivity of the assay. The sensitivity was 10 CFU/µL, without interference from genomic DNA of other species. The RPA-LFS and qPCR assays were performed on 227 clinical samples to evaluate the detection performance of the RPA-LFS system. Eighty-five samples were identified as C. glabrata, representing a detection rate of 37.5%. The results were consistent with qPCR and conventional culture methods. The collective findings indicate a reliable molecular diagnostic method for the detection of C. glabrata, and to meet the urgent need for rapid, specific, sensitive, and portable clinical field-testing.


Assuntos
Candida glabrata , Recombinases , Candida glabrata/genética , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Nucleotidiltransferases , Recombinases/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
9.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35961016

RESUMO

Diaporthe species are often reported as plant pathogens, endophytes, and saprobes. In this study, three new species: Diaporthe foliicola, D. monospora, and D. nanjingensis on Acer palmatum were described and illustrated based on morphological characteristics and phylogenetic analyses. Phylogenetic relationships of the new species were determined by multilocus phylogenetic analyses based on partial sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, translation elongation factor 1-alpha (TEF), beta-tubulin (TUB), histone H3 (HIS) and calmodulin (CAL) genes. Genealogical Concordance Phylogenetic Species Recognition (GCPSR) with a pairwise homoplasy index (PHI) test was used to verify the conclusions of the phylogenetic analyses. All species were illustrated and their morphology and phylogenetic relationships with other related Diaporthe species are discussed. In addition, the tests of Koch's postulates showed that the three new species were pathogens causing leaf blight on A. palmatum.

10.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35973084

RESUMO

Viburnum odoratissimum var. awabuki (K. Koch) Zabel ex Rumpl. is an evergreen tree, used as a landscape plant in China. In June 2019, a foliar disease of ~60% incidence was observed on V. odoratissimum var. awabuki at the campus of Nanjing Forestry University, Jiangsu, China. The symptoms were initially irregular small red-brown spots, later enlarged and became brown to black. Small pieces of tissue (3 to 4 mm2) cut from lesion margins were surfaced sterilized in 75% ethanol for 30 s and 1.5% NaClO for 60 s, then rinsed in sterile water and placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 25℃. Pure cultures were obtained from the tip of hyphae. Using the standard phytopathological procedure, two representative isolates (SH161 and SH181) were obtained and deposited at Nanjing Forestry University. The colony on PDA was white with aerial mycelium, radiate, and the reverse was white. Black pycnidia developed on the sterilized alfalfa stems at 25°C with a 14/10 h light/dark cycle for 20 days. Conidiophores were hyaline, branched, straight to sinuous, 9.4 to 26.0 × 1.0 to 2.5 µm (n=30). Conidiogenous cells were 2.1 to 15.1 × 0.9 to 2.5 µm (n=30). Alpha conidia were 7.4 ± 0.6 × 2.0 ± 0.2 µm (n=50), hyaline, ellipsoidal to lanceolate. Beta conidia were 29.5 ± 1.8 × 1.1 ± 0.1 µm (n=30), aseptate, hyaline, smooth, curved to hooked. Morphological features of two isolates matched those of Diaporthe spp.. DNA of two isolates was extracted and the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS), partial translation elongation factor 1-alpha (TEF1-α), calmodulin (CAL), beta-tubulin (TUB), and histone H3 (HIS) genes were amplified with primers ITS1/ITS4, EF1-728F/EF1-986R, CAL228F/CAL737R, ßt2a/ßt2b and CYLH3F/H3-1b. The sequences were deposited into GenBank (Accession Nos. for isolate SH161: OK326730 for ITS, OK413403 to OK413406 for TUB, CAL, HIS and TEF1-α; and isolate SH181: OK331347 for ITS, OK413407 to OK413410 for TUB, CAL, HIS, and TEF1-α). BLAST search of SH161 showed high similarities with sequences of Diaporthe eres (AR5193) [KJ210529 (ITS), Identities = 438/512, (94%); KJ420850 (HIS), Identities = 466/472, (99%); KJ210550 (TEF1-α), Identities = 345/350, (99%); KJ434999 (CAL), Identities = 344/345, (99%); KJ420799 (TUB), Identities = 508/517, (98%)]. BLAST results of SH181 are listed in Supplementary Table 1. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian posterior probability analyses using IQtree v. 1.6.8 and MrBayes v. 3.2.6 with the concatenated sequences placed SH161 and SH181 in the clade of D. eres. Based on the multi-locus phylogeny and morphology, two isolates were identified as D. eres. The pathogenicity was tested on 1-yr-old cuttings of V. odoratissimum var. awabuki in the greenhouse. Healthy leaves were wounded with a sterile needle, then inoculated with 5-mm plugs from the edge of two isolates cultures. The PDA plugs were used for controls. Three plants were used for each treatment, and three leaves of each plant were inoculated. Each plant was covered with a plastic bag, and sterilized water was sprayed into the bags bidaily to maintain humidity and kept in a greenhouse at the day/night temperatures at 25 ± 2°C/16 ± 2°C. Three days after inoculation, the inoculated leaves appeared lesions similar to those in the field. The controls remained healthy. Diaporthe eres was reisolated from inoculated leaves. No fungus was isolated from controls. Diaporthe eres was reported from Viburnum lantana in Austria. Also, it was reported from V. odoratissimum and V. tinus in Ukraine. This is the first report of D. eres causing V. odoratissimum var. awabuki leaf spots in China. This finding will provide an effective basis for developing control strategies for the disease.

11.
Front Oncol ; 12: 913683, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36016617

RESUMO

By breaking the traditional medical image analysis framework, precision medicine-radiomics has attracted much attention in the past decade. The use of various mathematical algorithms offers radiomics the ability to extract vast amounts of detailed features from medical images for quantitative analysis and analyzes the confidential information related to the tumor in the image, which can establish valuable disease diagnosis and prognosis models to support personalized clinical decisions. This article summarizes the application of radiomics and dosiomics in radiation oncology. We focus on the application of radiomics in locally advanced rectal cancer and also summarize the latest research progress of dosiomics in radiation tumors to provide ideas for the treatment of future related diseases, especially 125I CT-guided radioactive seed implant brachytherapy.

12.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-4, 2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36002954

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to describe a case of ovarian torsion necrosis due to delayed treatment of luteoma in a woman with IVF twin pregnancy who was misdiagnosed with acute appendicitis. We summarized the clinical manifestations and diagnosis of luteoma in a woman with IVF twin pregnancy and reviewed the relevant literature. We report the case of a 34-year-old Asian female who became pregnant through in vitro fertilization (IVF) and had acute right underbelly pain at 26 weeks and 6 days of gestation, which was misdiagnosed as acute appendicitis. Written consent was obtained from the patient. After fasting for a short duration and receiving anti-inflammatory and intravenous fluid replacement treatment after admission, the woman experienced increased right lower abdominal pain without relief and decreased fetal movement. B-ultrasound and CT examination showed that luteoma torsion was possible, and we performed emergency surgical laparotomy. During the operation, it was found that the right ovary was enlarged, the fallopian tube was twisted 720 degrees, and there was no lesion in the appendix. The right necrotic ovary was removed, and pathological results showed a hemorrhagic corpus luteum in the right ovary. The patient's abdominal pain was relieved after the operation and the pregnancy was continued. This is a typical case of ovariectomy associated with a luteoma of pregnancy. Whether in vitro fertilization and related procedures increase the risk of luteoma and whether they increase the risk of ovarian torsion necrosis in the case of luteoma formation are questions that need further study.

13.
Environ Res ; 214(Pt 4): 114027, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35988829

RESUMO

A covalent organic framework (COF) was used as the support of the catalyst in this work in order to obtain an environmentally friendly catalyst with high catalytic performance, selectivity and stability for 4-nitrophenol hydrogenation. Pd tiny particles are fixed in the cavity of COF to obtain Pd/COF catalysts, which has a quite narrow particle size distribution (5.09 ± 1.30 nm). As-prepared Pd/COF catalysts (Pd loading-2.11 wt%) shows excellent catalytic performance (conversion - 99.3%, selectivity >99.0% and turnover frequency (TOF)-989.4 h-1) for 4-nitrophenol hydrogenation under relatively mild reaction conditions of reaction temperature-40 °C and reaction pressure-3.0 MPa H2, and Pd/COF catalysts have high stability. Pd/COF catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscope energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), transmission electron microscope (TEM), high resolution TEM (HRTEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), scanning TEM energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (STEM-EDS) elemental analysis techniques to prove that the Pd nanoparticles are highly dispersed on the COF. Pd/COF catalysts have good stability and reusability hence with certain industrial application value.

14.
PLoS Genet ; 18(8): e1010349, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037231

RESUMO

A network of transcription factors (TFs) coordinates transcription with cell cycle events in eukaryotes. Most TFs in the network are phosphorylated by cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK), which limits their activities during the cell cycle. Here, we investigate the physiological consequences of disrupting CDK regulation of the paralogous repressors Yhp1 and Yox1 in yeast. Blocking Yhp1/Yox1 phosphorylation increases their levels and decreases expression of essential cell cycle regulatory genes which, unexpectedly, increases cellular fitness in optimal growth conditions. Using synthetic genetic interaction screens, we find that Yhp1/Yox1 mutations improve the fitness of mutants with mitotic defects, including condensin mutants. Blocking Yhp1/Yox1 phosphorylation simultaneously accelerates the G1/S transition and delays mitotic exit, without decreasing proliferation rate. This mitotic delay partially reverses the chromosome segregation defect of condensin mutants, potentially explaining their increased fitness when combined with Yhp1/Yox1 phosphomutants. These findings reveal how altering expression of cell cycle genes leads to a redistribution of cell cycle timing and confers a fitness advantage to cells.


Assuntos
Genes cdc , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Quinases Ciclina-Dependentes/genética , Quinases Ciclina-Dependentes/metabolismo , Mitose/genética , Fosforilação , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
15.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 111: 109179, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36029666

RESUMO

Macrophage polarization is modulated by many different stimuli. However, the effect of fibrotic extracellular matrix (ECM) on macrophage polarization remains unclear. In this study, a mouse model of radiation induced pulmonary fibrosis (RIPF) was established. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) were seeded on separated decellularized ECM respectively derived from early RIPF lung tissue (dECM-RIPF) and normal lung tissue (dECM-Nor), on which the polarization of AMs was examined. By way of bio-AFM analysis, a significant difference in surface roughness, but no difference in stiffness, was found between dECM-RIPF and dECM-Nor. Compared with dECM-Nor, dECM-RIPF induced a higher M1 activation and increased the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß, while it showed no significant effect M2 density. Nevertheless, such effects induced by dECM-RIPF could be abrogated by the integrin pan-inhibitor. Furthermore, dECM-RIPF caused integrin-dependent activation of NFκB, and NFκB inhibitor was capable of inhibiting dECM-RIPF-induced AMs proliferation and M1 activation. Animal experiments showed that NFκB inhibitor alleviated RIPF mainly through inhibiting M1 activation and down-regulating the levels of inflammatory cytokines. Our results showed that differential biophysical signaling from the fibrotic ECM of early RIPF promoted AMs polarization towards a M1 phenotype via integrin-NFκB. Inhibition of M1 activation may be an attractive approach for treating RIPF.


Assuntos
Macrófagos Alveolares , Fibrose Pulmonar , Animais , Matriz Extracelular , Integrinas , Pulmão , Camundongos , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia
16.
Chemosphere ; 307(Pt 2): 135872, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934094

RESUMO

This work reports a mechanochemical (MC) method for complete defluorination of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) by using Al and Al2O3 as milling agents. Both the Al/Al2O3 molar ratio ( [Formula: see text] ) and the pre-thermal treatment of Al2O3 strongly influenced the defluorination of PFOA. When commercial γ-Al2O3 was pre-treated at 1200 °C, the use of Al and heat-treated γ-Al2O3 with [Formula: see text] of 1: 1 led to PFOA defluorination of 100% after ball milling for 26 min at 350 rpm, being much higher than those (8.3%-58.1%) for using singlet milling agents or binary milling agents containing γ-Al2O3 pre-heated at temperatures lower than 700 °C. It was clarified that the carboxylate-mediated adsorption of PFOA on Al2O3 was essential for the MC decarboxylation as a degradation initiation step, and the in-situ generated electron on milled Al consequently caused the reductive dissociation of C-F bonds in the decarboxylation intermediate. A larger [Formula: see text] increased the in-situ electron generation rate (re), and a higher heat-treatment temperature decreased OH-/H2O adsorbed on Al2O3 to low the PFOA decarboxylation rate (rdec). The re/rdec ratio determined defluorination pathways, and the percentage of the defluorination of PFOA in its total degradation including the generation of any degradation intermediates increased linearly with increasing re/rdec.

17.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35822885

RESUMO

Osmanthus fragrans is a popular ornamental tree species known for its fragrant flowers and widely cultivated in Asia, Europe, and North America. Anthracnose is a disastrous threat to the growth and development of O. fragrans and has caused significant economic losses. To reveal the potential pathogen diversity of anthracnose, 127 isolates of Colletotrichum were isolated from the symptomatic leaves. Morphological studies and multi-locus phylogenetic analyses with the concatenated sequences of internal transcribed spacer (ITS), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), chitin synthase (CHS-1), actin (ACT), beta-tubulin (TUB2), calmodulin (CAL), and the intergenic region between Apn2 and Mat1-2-1 (ApMat) as well as a pairwise homoplasy index test placed the causal fungi as two new species, Colletotrichum anhuiense (2 isolates) and C. osmanthicola (12 isolates), and three known taxa: C. fructicola (18 isolates), C. gloeosporioides (62 isolates), and C. karstii (33 isolates). Among them, C. gloeosporioides was the most dominant, and C. anhuiense was occasionally discovered from the host tissues. Pathogenicity test in vivo on O. fragrans leaves revealed a significant difference in virulence among these species. Of them, C. gloeosporioides, C. osmanthicola, and C. anhuiense were significantly more virulent than C. fructicola and C. karstii, while C. karstii was the least virulent. To our knowledge, this study was the first to report the pathogen diversity of anthracnose on O. fragrans.

18.
Front Genome Ed ; 4: 780004, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35845346

RESUMO

Schemes for efficient regenerationand recovery of shoots from in vitro tissues or single cells, such as protoplasts, are only available for limited numbers of plant species and genotypes and are crucial for establishing gene editing tools on a broader scale in agriculture and plant biology. Growth conditions, including hormone and nutrient composition as well as light regimes in key steps of known regeneration protocols, display significant variations, even between the genotypes within the same species, e.g., potato (Solanum tuberosum). As fresh plant material is a prerequisite for successful shoot regeneration, the plant material often needs to be refreshed for optimizing the growth and physiological state prior to genetic transformation. Utilization of protoplasts has become a more important approach for obtaining transgene-free edited plants by genome editing, CRISPR/Cas9. In this approach, callus formation from protoplasts is induced by one set of hormones, followed by organogenesis, i.e., shoot formation, which is induced by a second set of hormones. The requirements on culture conditions at these key steps vary considerably between the species and genotypes, which often require quantitative adjustments of medium compositions. In this mini-review, we outline the protocols and notes for clonal regeneration and cultivation from single cells, particularly protoplasts in potato and rapeseed. We focus mainly on different hormone treatment schemes and highlight the importance of medium compositions, e.g., sugar, nutrient, and light regimes as well as culture durations at the key regeneration steps. We believe that this review would provide important information and hints for establishing efficient regeneration strategies from other closely related and broad-leaved plant species in general.

19.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35876759

RESUMO

Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is an important conifer species widely planted in southern China. A top blight, with an incidence of 20% (40/200 seedlings), occurred on 1-year-old seedlings of C. lanceolata in a nursery, Luzhai, Guangxi, China in August 2021. The disease mainly occurred on shoot tips. The infected needles and shoots appeared brown to brownish red. White conidial tendrils oozed from pycnidia under wet-weather conditions. Lesion margins from fresh samples were cut into small pieces (n=100), which were sterilized according to Mao et al., and placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 25°C. Three isolates (GXJ2, GXJ4, and GXJ6) were obtained and deposited in The China Forestry Culture Collection Center (CFCC 55717, CFCC 55716, and CFCC 55722). The colony of GXJ2 on PDA was white, with sparse aerial mycelia, and became grey with time. The α conidia were fusiform, hyaline, and aseptate, 6.7±0.6 µm × 2.6±0.2 µm (n=30). The ß conidia were filiform, hyaline, and curved, 30.4±2.1 µm × 1.4±0.1 µm (n=30). Colonies of GXJ4 and GXJ6 were white, with moderate aerial mycelia, which collapsed at the center, and the collapsed parts were iron-gray. The α conidia were 7.8±0.8 µm × 2.5±0.2 µm (n=30). The ß conidia were absent. Morphological characters of 3 isolates matched those of Diaporthe spp.. The partial sequences of ITS, EF1-α, CAL, ß-tub, and HIS genes were amplified with primers ITS1/ITS4, EF1-728F/EF1-986R and CAL228F/CAL737R, ßt2a/ßt2b and CYLH3F/H3-1b according to Gomes et al. 2013, respectively. The sequences for the five genes of each of 3 isolates were deposited in GenBank (Accession Nos. see Supplementary Table 1). BLAST results showed that the ITS, EF1-α, ß-tub, HIS, and CAL sequences of GXJ2 were highly similar (>99%) with sequences of Diaporthe unshiuensis, while sequences of GXJ4 and GXJ6 were highly similar (>99%) to those of D. hongkongensis (Supplementary Table 1). Phylogenetic analyses using concatenated sequences placed GXJ2 in the clade of D. unshiuensis, while GXJ4 and GXJ6 in the clade of D. hongkongensis. Based on the phylogeny and morphology, GXJ2 was identified as D. unshiuensis, GXJ4 and GXJ6 as D. hongkongensis. Pathogenicity tests were performed on nine 1-year-old seedlings of C. lanceolata, and 10 needles at shoot tip per seedling were slightly wounded and inoculated with 5-mm mycelial plugs from one of 3 isolates. Three control seedlings were treated with PDA plugs. Each plant was covered with a plastic bag after inoculation and kept in an air-conditioned nursery at 25°C/16°C (day/night). The symptoms appeared 5-8 days after inoculation and were similar to those observed in the nursery. D. unshiuensis and D. hongkongensis were re-isolated from the inoculated seedlings and were confirmed based on morphology and ITS sequences. The controls were symptomless, and no fungus was isolated from them. D. unshiuensis was first reported as an endophyte on the fruit of Citrus unshiu, and caused peach constriction canker, shoot blight of kiwifruit. D. hongkongensis was first described from fruit of Dichroa febrifuga and caused shoot canker of pear, shoot blight and leaf spot of kiwifruit, and fruit rot of peach. This is the first report of D. unshiuensis and D. hongkongensis causing the top blight of C. lanceolata. This study provides a basis for controlling this newly emerging disease in the nursery.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667027

RESUMO

Lycopene, a natural colorant and antioxidant with a huge growing market, is highly susceptible to photo/thermal degradation, which demands real-time sensors. Hence, here a transparent upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) strip having 30 mol % Yb, 0.1 mol % Tm, and ß-NaYF4 UCNPs, which shows an intense emission at 475 nm, has been developed. This strip has been found to be sensitive to lycopene with a detection limit as low as 10 nM using a smartphone camera, which is due to static quenching that is confirmed by the lifetime study. In comparison to previous paper strips, here the transparent strip has minimal scattering with maximum sensitivity in spite of not using any metal quenchers. An increase in strip hydrophobicity during the fabrication process complements the strip to selectively permeate and present an extraction-free substitute analysis for chromatography. Hydrophobicity endows the strip with the capability to reuse the strip with ∼100% luminescence recovery.

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