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1.
Chemosphere ; : 135818, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944684

RESUMO

Metallothionein SmtA-modified selenium nanoparticles (SmtA-SeNPs), efficient adsorbents for Cd(II) and Pb(II), were synthesized in the present work. The ligand, microbial SmtA protein, was synthesized using an engineered strain Escherichia coli, posing the benefits of simplicity, safety, and high production. SmtA-SeNPs were spheres with diameters between 68.1 and 122.4 nm, containing amino, hydroxyl, and sulfhydryl functional groups with negatively charged (pH > 5). SmtA-SeNPs displayed better adsorption performance than dissociative SmtA and SeNPs. The adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) mainly depends on the electrostatic attractions and the metal chelation of abundant functional groups. The maximum adsorption capacity was 506.3 mg/g for Cd(II) and 346.7 mg/g for Pb(II), which were higher than the values of most nanoparticles. In addition, SmtA-SeNPs were immobilized with a membrane filter to produce a SmtA-SeNPs filter, and the percentage removal of Cd(II) and Pb(II) increased from 26.75% to 98.13% for Cd(II) and from 9.95% to 99.20% compared with the blank filter. Moreover, the SmtA-SeNPs filter was regenerated using subacid deionized water, and the filter exhibited a stable removal ratio of Cd(II) and Pb(II) in ten continuous cycles of Cd(II)- or Pb(II)-containing wastewater treatment. The residual amounts of Cd and Pb met national standard levels of wastewater discharge.

2.
Autophagy ; : 1-17, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941759

RESUMO

TFEB (transcription factor EB) regulates multiple genes involved in the process of macroautophagy/autophagy and plays a critical role in lifespan determination. However, the detailed mechanisms that regulate TFEB activity are not fully clear. In this study, we identified a role for HSP90AA1 in modulating TFEB. HSP90AA1 was phosphorylated by CDK5 at Ser 595 under basal condition. This phosphorylation inhibited HSP90AA1, disrupted its binding to TFEB, and impeded TFEB's nuclear localization and subsequent autophagy induction. Pro-autophagy signaling attenuated CDK5 activity and enhanced TFEB function in an HSP90AA1-dependent manner. Inhibition of HSP90AA1 function or decrease in its expression significantly attenuated TFEB's nuclear localization and transcriptional function following autophagy induction. HSP90AA1-mediated regulation of a TFEB ortholog was involved in the extended lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans in the absence of its food source bacteria. Collectively, these findings reveal that this regulatory process plays an important role in modulation of TFEB, autophagy, and longevity.Abbreviations : AL: autolysosome; AP: autophagosome; ATG: autophagy related; BafA1: bafilomycin A1; CDK5: cyclin-dependent kinase 5; CDK5R1: cyclin dependent kinase 5 regulatory subunit 1; CR: calorie restriction; FUDR: 5-fluorodeoxyuridine; HSP90AA1: heat shock protein 90 alpha family class A member 1; MAP1LC3: microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3; NB: novobiocin sodium; SQSTM1: sequestosome 1; TFEB: transcription factor EB; WT: wild type.

3.
Metabolism ; 135: 155274, 2022 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Activation of NLRP3 inflammasome accelerates the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Here, we evaluated the effects of inflammation on the expression of the NLRP3 inflammasome in endothelial cells (ECs). METHODS: The effect of TNF-α on transcytosis of LDL was measured. VCAM-1 binding peptide targeting cationic liposomes (PCLs) were prepared as siRNA vectors. Methylated NLRP3 siRNA was encapsulated into the PCLs to knock down NLRP3 in vitro and in vivo. In rats with partial carotid ligation, TNF-α-induced LDL retention in the carotid artery endothelium was observed. In ApoE-/- mice, NLRP3 siRNA-PCLs were injected intravenously to observe their effect on the formation of atherosclerosis. RESULTS: Our results showed that TNF-α upregulated NLRP3 in ECs, promoting the assembly of the NLRP3 inflammasome and processing of pro-IL-1ß into IL-1ß. Moreover, TNF-α accelerated LDL transcytosis in ECs. Knockdown of NLRP3 prevented TNF-α-induced NLPR3 inflammasome/IL-1ß signaling and LDL transcytosis. Using optimized cationic liposomes to encapsulate methylated NLRP3 siRNA, resulting in targeting of VCAM-1-expressing ECs, to knockdown NLRP3, TNF-α-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation and LDL transcytosis were prevented. Using the partial carotid ligation as an atherosclerosis rat model, we found that local administration of NLRP3 siRNA-PCLs efficiently knocked down NLPR3 expression in the carotid endothelium and dramatically attenuated the deposition of atherogenic LDL in carotid ECs in TNF-α-challenged rats. Furthermore, NLRP3 siRNA-PCLs were injected intravenously in ApoE-/- mice, resulting in reduced plaque formation. CONCLUSION: These findings established a novel strategy for targeting the NLRP3 inflammasome using NLRP3 siRNA-PCLs to interrupt LDL transcytosis, representing a potential novel therapy for atherosclerosis.

4.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946567

RESUMO

Brain metastasis is a devastating clinical condition globally as one of the most common central nervous system malignancies. The current study aimed to assess the effect of defibrotide, an Food and Drug Administration-approved drug, against brain metastasis and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Two tumor cell lines with high brain metastasis potential, PC-9 and 231-BR, were subjected to defibrotide treatment of increasing dosage. The metastasis capacity of the tumor cells was evaluated by cell invasion and migration assays. Western blotting was employed to determine the levels of tight junction proteins in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) including Occludin, Zo-1, and Claudin-5, as well as metastasis-related proteins including CXCR4, MMP-2, and MMP-9. The in-vitro observations were further verified in nude mice, by monitoring the growth of xenograft tumors, mouse survival and brain metastasis foci following defibrotide treatment. Defibrotide inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion, and promotes lactate dehydrogenase release of brain metastatic tumor cells, elevated the levels of BBB tight junction proteins and metastasis-related proteins. Such beneficial role of defibrotide was mediated by its inhibitory action on the SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling axis both in vitro and in vivo, as CXCR4 agonist SDF1α negated the anti-tumoral effect of defibrotide on mouse xenograft tumor growth, mouse survival and brain metastasis. Defibrotide inhibits brain metastasis through activating the adenosine A2A receptors, which in turn inhibits the SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling axis. Our study hereby proposes defibrotide as a new and promising candidate drug against brain metastasis of multiple organ origins.

5.
BMC Neurosci ; 23(1): 49, 2022 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microglia assume opposite phenotypes in response to ischemic brain injury, exerting neurotoxic and neuroprotective effects under different ischemic stages. Modulating M1/M2 polarization is a potential therapy for treating ischemic stroke. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) held the capacity to regulate neuroinflammation and astrocytic polarization, but little is known about rTMS effects on microglia. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the rTMS influence on microglia polarization and the underlying possible molecular mechanisms in ischemic stroke models. METHODS: Previously reported 10 Hz rTMS protocol that regulated astrocytic polarization was used to stimulate transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rats and oxygen and glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) injured BV2 cells. Specific expression levels of M1 marker iNOS and M2 marker CD206 were measured by western blotting and immunofluorescence. MicroRNA expression changes detected by high-throughput second-generation sequencing were validated by RT-PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. Dual-luciferase report assay and miRNA knock-down were applied to verify the possible mechanisms regulated by rTMS. Microglia culture medium (MCM) from different groups were collected to measure the TNF-α and IL-10 concentrations, and detect the influence on neuronal survival. Finally, TTC staining and modified Neurological Severity Score (mNSS) were used to determine the effects of MCM on ischemic stroke volume and neurological functions. RESULTS: The 10 Hz rTMS inhibited ischemia/reperfusion induced M1 microglia and significantly increased let-7b-5p level in microglia. HMGA2 was predicted and proved to be the target protein of let-7b-5p. HMGA2 and its downstream NF-κB signaling pathway were inhibited by rTMS. Microglia culture medium (MCM) collected from rTMS treated microglia contained lower TNF-α concentration but higher IL-10 concentration than no rTMS treated MCM, reducing ischemic volumes and neurological deficits of MCAO mice. However, knockdown of let-7b-5p by antagomir reversed rTMS effects on microglia phenotype and associated HMGA/NF-κB activation and neurological recovery. CONCLUSION: High-frequency rTMS could alleviate ischemic stroke injury through inhibiting M1 microglia polarization via regulating let-7b-5p/HMGA2/NF-κB signaling pathway in MCAO models.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/terapia , Camundongos , Microglia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
6.
J Cancer ; 13(9): 2855-2862, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912014

RESUMO

Liver cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world and the second leading cause of death in cancer patients. There is an urgent need for an effective and less toxic treatment for liver cancer. Saponins of Marsdenia Tenacissima (SMT) as a potential anticancer drug has attracted extensive attention of researchers because of its effective biological activity. The effect of SMT on HepG2 Li-7 and L-02 cells was detected by CCK8 assay. At the same time, the apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometer and laser confocal microscope, and the morphological changes of mitochondria were observed under electron microscope. The levels of bax, cytochrome c, caspase-9, caspase-3, cleaved caspase-3 and protein were detected using Western bolt. Finally, BALB/c was subcutaneously injected with H22 cells to form tumors, and SMT was intragastrically injected to detect the size of the transplanted tumor. SMT can induce apoptosis in vitro and reduce the size of transplanted tumor in vivo. Increases the rate of apoptosis through the cytochrome c pathway and regulates the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. These results suggest that SMT may be one of the potential candidates for the treatment of liver cancer.

7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 899000, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937797

RESUMO

Background: The GnRH agonist long-acting protocol and GnRH antagonist protocol are widely used in ovarian stimulation. Which protocol eliciting higher live birth rate for IVF/ICSI patients with different ages, different ovarian reserves and different body mass index (BMI) has not been studied. However, among these protocols, the one that elicits higher live birth in IVF/ICSI patients with different ages, ovarian reserves and body mass indexes (BMI) has not been identified. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study about 8579 women who underwent the first IVF-ET from January, 2018 to August, 2021. Propensity Score Matching (PSM) was used to improve the comparability between two protocols. Results: After PSM, significant higher live birth rates were found in the GnRH agonist long-acting protocol compared to GnRH antagonist protocol (44.04% vs. 38.32%) (p<0.001). Stratified analysis showed that for those with AMH levels between 3 ng/ml and 6 ng/ml, with BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 and were aged ≥ 30 years old, and for those women with BMI < 24kg/m2 and were aged ≥30 years whose AMH levels were ≤ 3ng/ml, the GnRH agonist long-acting protocol was more likely to elicit live births [OR (95%CI), 2.13(1.19,3.80)], [OR (95%CI), 1.41(1.05,1.91)]. However, among women with BMI ≥ 24kg/m2 and were aged ≥30 years whose AMH levels were ≤ 3ng/ml, the GnRH agonist long-acting protocol had a lower possibility of eliciting live births [OR (95%CI), 0.54(0.32,0.90)]. Also, among women with AMH levels between 3 ng/ml and 6 ng/ml, with BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 and with age < 30 years and for those with AMH levels between 3 ng/ml and 6 ng/ml, regardless of age, and with BMI<24kg/m2,, the possibility of live births was similar between the two protocols [OR (95%CI), 1.06(0.60,1.89)], [OR (95%CI), 1.38(0.97,1.97)], [OR (95%CI), 0.99(0.72,1.37)]. Among the women with AMH levels ≤ 3 ng/ml and with were aged < 30years, regardless of BMI, the possibility of live birth was similar between the two protocols [OR (95%CI), 1.02(0.68,1.54)], [OR (95%CI), 1.43(0.68,2.98)]. Moreover, among women with AMH levels ≥ 6ng/ml, the possibility of live birth was similar between the two protocols [OR (95%CI),1.42(0.75,2.69)], [OR (95%CI),1.02(0.19,5.35)], [OR (95%CI), 1.68(0.81,3.51)], [OR (95%CI), 0.51(0.10,2.55)]. Conclusions: The suitability of the GnRH agonist long-acting protocol or GnRH antagonist protocol to infertility patients is dependent on specific biological characteristics of the patients.


Assuntos
Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina , Ovário , Adulto , Feminino , Antagonistas de Hormônios , Humanos , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Anal Chem ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943236

RESUMO

Apoptosis plays a crucial role in the occurrence of cancer and other diseases. Real-time monitoring of the cell apoptosis process has great significance for cell viability and drug screening. Herein, a novel fluorescent probe was constructed based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer mechanism, which track the sensitivity of polarity changes, as well as detect the drug-induced cell apoptosis process in a dual-color mode. Importantly, the change of cellular microenvironmental polarity makes it possible to dynamically visualize the process of drug-induced cell apoptosis. More significantly, the designed probe targeted the lysosomes in the living cells to give a blue emission, and it accumulated on the plasma membrane to display red fluorescence during the drug-induced cell apoptosis process. Thus, cell viability could be monitored by both the localization and emission colors of the robust probe. We expect that the unique probe can provide a new blueprint for evaluating and screening apoptosis-related drugs.

9.
Front Public Health ; 10: 956711, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958831

RESUMO

Background: Hypertension is a major cause of early mortality worldwide. Health follow-up management services can encourage patients with hypertension to improve their health behavior and outcomes. However, a lack of studies on the relationship between specific factors of follow-up management and both subjective and objective health outcome among hypertensive patients exists. The current study investigated the relationship between service content, frequency, mode, and institutions of follow-up management and health outcomes among Chinese hypertensives. Methods: Data were obtained from the sixth National Health Service Survey (NHSS) of Jiangsu Province, which was conducted in 2018. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the sample characteristics and the utilization of follow-up management services. Both multiple linear regression and logistic regression were used to estimate the association of follow-up management service and other factors with hypertensives' subjective and objective health outcomes. Result: Some respondents (19.30%) reported hypertension, and 75.36% of these patients obtained follow-up management services. Hypertensive patients' subjective health outcome self-reported health status and objective health outcome blood pressure (BP) control were found to be significantly associated with follow-up management services. The outcomes were both significantly improved by a high frequency of management services, a high level of follow-up providers, the mode of visiting healthcare facilities and/or calling, and receiving instructions on medication use. However, inquiring about patients' symptoms was negatively associated with self-reported health status and BP control. In addition, BP measurement was significantly and positively associated with hypertensive patients' self-reported health status; the patients receiving lifestyle guidance were more likely to have their BP levels under control. Conclusions: Hypertension management strategies should further focus on the frequency of healthcare follow-up management via categorization of the follow-up services and appropriate adjustment of service delivery modes to optimize health follow-up management for hypertensives further improve their outcomes. Meanwhile, complementary policies are also needed to address other socioeconomic factors that can promote good health conditions for hypertension patients.

10.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 936045, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35959443

RESUMO

Depression is a complex disorder that is associated with various structural abnormalities. Oligodendrocyte (OL) dysfunction is associated with the pathogenesis of depression and the promotion of hippocampal oligodendrocyte maturation and myelination could be a novel therapeutic strategy for ameliorating depressive behaviors. Recent studies have shown that activation of liver X receptors (LXRs) by GW3965 improves depressive phenotypes, but the effects of GW3965 on OL function and myelination in the hippocampus of depression remain relatively unclear. To address this issue, we investigated the effects of GW3965 on mature OL in the hippocampus and on the myelin sheaths of mice subjected to chronic unpredictable stress (CUS). Behavioral tests were performed to assess depressive behaviors. Then, the number of mature OLs (CC1+) in each hippocampal subregion was precisely quantified with immunohistochemical and stereological methods, and the density of newborn mature OLs (BrdU+/Olig2+/CC1+ cells) in each hippocampal subregion was quantified with immunofluorescence. In addition, myelin basic protein (MBP) staining intensity in the cornu ammonis 3 (CA3) region was assessed by using immunofluorescence. We found that both the number of CC1+ OLs and the density of BrdU+/Olig2+/CC1+ cells were obviously decreased in each hippocampal subregion of mice subjected to CUS, and 4 weeks of GW3965 treatment reversed these effects only in the CA3 region. Furthermore, the decreased MBP expression in the CA3 region of mice subjected to CUS was ameliorated by GW3965 treatment. Collectively, these results suggested that improvement of OL maturation and enhancement of myelination may be structural mechanisms underlying the antidepressant effects of LXR agonists.

11.
Foods ; 11(15)2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954011

RESUMO

Fermentation is one of the most economical and safe methods to improve the nutritional value, sensory quality and functional characteristics of raw materials, and it is also an important method for cereal processing. This paper reviews the effects of microbial fermentation on cereals, focusing on their nutritional value and health benefits, including the effects of fermentation on the protein, starch, phenolic compounds contents, and other nutrient components of cereals. The bioactive compounds produced by fermented cereals have positive effects on health regulation. Finally, the future market development of fermented cereal products is summarized and prospected.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954739

RESUMO

Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are widely used as an additive in flame retardants, plasticizers, lubricants, consumer chemicals, and foaming agents. They can accumulate in aquatic organisms from water (waterborne exposure) and food (dietary exposure). However, the bioaccumulation characteristics and relative importance of different exposure routes to the bioaccumulation of OPEs are relatively poorly understood. In this study, Daphnia magna were exposed to fo typical OPEs (tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP), tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP), tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP), and triphenyl phosphate (TPHP)), and their toxicokinetics under waterborne and dietary exposure routes were analyzed. For the waterborne exposure route, the bioconcentration factors (BCFs) increased in the order of TBOEP, TCEP, TDCPP, and TPHP, which were consistent with their uptake rate constants. TPHP might have the most substantial accumulation potential while TBOEP may have the smallest potential. In dietary exposure, the depuration rate constants of four OPEs were different from those in the waterborne experiment, which may indicate other depuration mechanisms in two exposure routes. The biomagnification factors (BMFs) of fur OPEs were all below 1, suggesting trophic dilution in the transfer of four OPEs from Scenedesmus obliquus to D. magna. Except for TBOEP, the contributions of dietary exposure were generally lower than waterborne exposure in D. magna under two exposure concentrations. This study provides information on the bioaccumulation and contribution of OPEs in D. magna via different exposure routes and highlights the importance of considering different exposure routes in assessing the risk of OPEs.

13.
Chem Rec ; : e202200128, 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35801858

RESUMO

Engineering crystal orientation has attracted widespread attention since it is related to the cyclability and rate performance of cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Regulating the crystal directional growth with optimal exposed crystal facets is an effective strategy to improve the performance of cathode materials, but still lacks sufficient attention in research field. Herein, we briefly introduce the characterization techniques and identification methods for crystal facets, then summarize and illuminate the major methods for regulating crystal orientation and their internal mechanism. Furthermore, the optimization strategies for layered-, spinel-, and olivine-structure cathodes are discussed based on the characteristic of crystal structure, and the relationship between exposure of special crystal facets and lithium storage performance is deeply analyzed, which could guide the rational design of cathodes for LIBs.

14.
Cereb Cortex ; 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35851798

RESUMO

Cortical feedback has long been considered crucial for the modulation of sensory perception and recognition. However, previous studies have shown varying modulatory effects of the primary auditory cortex (A1) on the auditory response of subcortical neurons, which complicate interpretations regarding the function of A1 in sound perception and recognition. This has been further complicated by studies conducted under different brain states. In the current study, we used cryo-inactivation in A1 to examine the role of corticothalamic feedback on medial geniculate body (MGB) neurons in awake marmosets. The primary effects of A1 inactivation were a frequency-specific decrease in the auditory response of most MGB neurons coupled with an increased spontaneous firing rate, which together resulted in a decrease in the signal-to-noise ratio. In addition, we report for the first time that A1 robustly modulated the long-lasting sustained response of MGB neurons, which changed the frequency tuning after A1 inactivation, e.g. some neurons are sharper with corticofugal feedback and some get broader. Taken together, our results demonstrate that corticothalamic modulation in awake marmosets serves to enhance sensory processing in a manner similar to center-surround models proposed in visual and somatosensory systems, a finding which supports common principles of corticothalamic processing across sensory systems.

15.
J Comp Eff Res ; 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35894120

RESUMO

Objectives: This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of adding prolonged-release (PR)-fampridine to best supportive care (BSC) versus BSC alone in adult multiple sclerosis patients with walking disability in China. Materials & methods: A hybrid decision tree and Markov model from both the societal and healthcare perspectives were constructed. Parameters were derived from clinical trials of PR-fampridine, published sources and clinical expert interviews. Results: Over a 10-year time horizon, adding PR-fampridine to BSC led to 0.15 quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gain and lower costs, with incremental cost-effectiveness ratios of -238,806 Chinese Yuan/QALY and -113,488 Chinese Yuan/QALY from the societal and healthcare perspectives, respectively. Conclusion: Compared with BSC alone, PR-fampridine plus BSC is considered an economically dominant strategy for the treatment of multiple sclerosis-related walking disability in China.

16.
Dalton Trans ; 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35894207

RESUMO

Sodium ion batteries (SIBs) are expected to replace lithium ion batteries (LIBs) as the next generation of large-scale energy storage applications because of their superior cost performance. However, the larger ionic radius of Na+ causes a remarkable volume expansion than that of Li+ during charge and discharge, which reduces the performance of the battery. In this work, we engineered a composite material in that monodispersed 2 nm Sb2S3 particles are uniformly loaded into a carbon matrix (Sb2S3/CZM), which is obtained by carbonization of a zirconium-based MOF with adsorption of Sb. The obtained composite material has a high specific surface area in favor of mass transfer, and the porous structure can resist many volume changes in the circulation process. Moreover, the ultrafine Sb2S3 particles are well-distributed in the composite material, which increases the utilization of the active substance and is promising for the storage of Na+. Based on its unique structure, the Sb2S3/CZM composite shows a specific capacity of 550 mA h g-1 at 100 mA g-1 and an excellent cycling stability of 88.9% retention after 1000 cycles at 3 A g-1. The excellent electrochemical performance provides enlightenment for the rational design of hierarchical heterostructures for energy storage applications.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(26): e29314, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35777055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transdermal delivery is very important in pharmaceutics. However, the barrier function of the stratum corneum hinders drugs absorption. How to improve transdermal delivery efficiency is a hot topic. The key advantages of physical technologies are their wide application for the delivery of previously nonappropriate transdermal drugs, such as proteins, peptides, and hydrophilic drugs. Based on the improved permeation of drugs delivered via multiple physical techniques, many more diseases may be treated, and transdermal vaccinations become possible. However, their wider application depends on the related convenient and portable devices. Combined products comprising medicine and devices represent future commercial directions of artificial intelligence and 3D printing. METHODS: A comprehensive search about transdermal delivery assisted by physical techniques has been carried out on Web of Science, EMBASE database, PubMed, Wanfang Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Cochrane Library. The search identified and retrieved the study describing multiple physical technologies to promote transdermal penetration. RESULTS: Physical technologies, including microneedles, lasers, iontophoresis, sonophoresis, electroporation, magnetophoresis, and microwaves, are summarized and compared. The characteristics, mechanism, advantages and disadvantages of physical techniques are clarified. The individual or combined applicable examples of physical techniques to improve transdermal delivery are summarized. CONCLUSION: This review will provide more useful guidance for efficient transdermal delivery. More therapeutic agents by transdermal routes become possible with the assistance of various physical techniques.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Pele , Administração Cutânea , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Iontoforese/métodos , Preparações Farmacêuticas/metabolismo , Pele/metabolismo
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(28): 31879-31888, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793226

RESUMO

Synergistic effect of soft carbon and hard carbon has been proven to be useful for obtaining excellent anode materials for potassium ion battery, which is determined by the mixing degree of precursors. Inspired by the formation of proteins in biology, peptide bonds are used to connect the precursors of the two sort of carbon to prepare soft-hard hybrid carbons with stronger synergistic effects. The hard carbon domain with nanometer size is so highly distributed in the soft carbon that the synergistic effect between two sorts of carbon is significantly enhanced. After the optimization, the diffusion coefficient of as-prepared hybrid carbon (CSHC3-6-1200) is 10 times larger than that of corresponding carbon synthesized by physical method. Consequently, CSHC3-6-1200 can maintain a specific capacity of 71.6 mAh g-1 at a high current density of 1600 mA g-1. It is believed that this new preparation route may bring a new perspective to the development of soft and hard composite carbon material anodes with high power density and ultralong service life.

19.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 214: 114522, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35792405

RESUMO

Herein, a ratiometric electrochemiluminescence (ECL) lab-on-paper platform, based on enhancing effect of the N-(4-aminobutyl)-N-ethylisoluminol-functionalized glutathione-coated cobalt/gold bimetallic nanoclusters (GCAL) and quenching effect of carbon quantum dots (CQDs), as well as benefiting from high conductivity copper paper electrode, was developed to achieve accurate and sensitive analysis of DNA methylation. Concretely, due to one-to-multiple amplification effect, one target DNA could initiate the formation of supersandwich structure with multiple signal probes labeled with GCAL. Thus, the GCAL signal enhancement effect was realized. Simultaneously, multiple signal probes are connected to hinder the electron conduction rate on the electrode surface, which results in the quenching of CQDs signal. With the method proposed here, wide linear relationship in the range of 1 fM to 10 pM with a low detection limit of 0.27 fM for sensitive detecting methylated DNA was achieved. It is believed that this work provided a rapid, low-cost and stabilized method for specific determination of methylated DNA, and the immediate detection of cancer in the clinic will become possible in the future.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Carbono/química , Cobre , DNA/química , Metilação de DNA , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Eletrodos , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 110: 109006, 2022 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35792270

RESUMO

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a liver disease caused by long-term heavy drinking. Alcoholic liver injury is a part of alcoholic liver disease. A large number of studies have shown that alcohol metabolism and endotoxin / lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cycles can cause massive activation of macrophages, leading alcoholic liver injury. Hesperetin is a dihydro-flavonoid extracted from the fruits of Citrus in Rutaceae. It has a variety of pharmacological activities, including antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and so on, but recent studies have shown that hesperetin derivatives have stronger anti-inflammatory effects than hesperetin. In order to improve the anti-inflammatory activity of hesperetin, our group used ethyl-bromoacetate to replace the hydroxyl group at the 7 position of hesperetin to obtain the hesperetin derivative 7-O-(2-(Propylamino)-2-oxoethyl) hesperetin (HD-4d). In this study, we found that HD-4d had hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects on alcoholic liver injury in C57BL/6J mice, and it also had noticeable anti-inflammatory effects in EtOH and LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. Besides, we found that HD-4d can reduce the expression of inflammatory factors by up-regulating NLRP12 in vivo and in vitro. We found that the expression of NLRP12 was significantly increased in EtOH and LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells compared with the control group. Moreover, the inhibitory effect of HD-4d on inflammation weakened considerably after silencing NLRP12 in RAW264.7 cells. However, when NLRP12 was overexpressed with plasmid pEX-3-NLRP12, the effect of HD-4d on alcohol and LPS induced inflammation was remarkably increased. In addition, further studies indicated that HD-4d inhibited the activation and phosphorylation of the p65 protein by up-regulating NLRP12. In conclusion, HD-4d activated NLRP12 to reduce liver injury and inflammatory response through the NF-кB pathway.

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