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1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several researchers have reported that the texture of fries was affected by the fatty acid composition of oil, but the mechanism of this effect is not clear. In this regard, fries were fried in refined rapeseed oil and fully hydrogenated rapeseed oil with diverse proportions (0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100%) and were analyzed based on the content of moisture and oil, texture, thermal properties, crystalline properties, and microstructure. RESULTS: The outcomes presented that fries fried in fully hydrogenated oil had less oil absorption and moisture loss than those fried in refined oil. The result from the texture analyzer, differential scanning calorimetry, and X-ray diffraction showed that the hardness, enthalpy, and relative crystallinity increased with the increase of the proportion of fully hydrogenated oil. However, the peaks of starch-lipid complexes were hardly observed during frying. Besides, scanning electron microscopy results displayed that some physically trapped fat was observed in fries fried in mixed hydrogenated oil. Stereomicroscope illustrated that the crust thickness of the fries increased slightly with the increase of the proportion of fully hydrogenated oil. CONCLUSION: Overall, the upsurge in crust thickness and oil crystals were responsible for the increase in the hardness of the fries. This indicated that the texture of fries can be manipulated by altering the fatty acid composition of the oil. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20060, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625631

RESUMO

GETV, an arbo-borne zoonotic virus of the genus Alphavirus, which causes diarrhea and reproduction disorders in swine, lead to serious economic losses to the swine industry in China. At present, the existing methods for GETV detection are time-consuming and low sensitivity, so, a rapid, accurate and sensitive GETV detection method is urgently needed. In this study, a fluorescent reverse transcription recombinase-assisted amplification method (RT-RAA) was successfully established for the rapid detection of GETV. The sensitivity of this method to GETV was 8 copies/reaction and 20 TCID50/reaction. No cross-reaction with other viruses. A total of 118 samples were prepared for GETV detection using fluorescent RT-RAA and SYBR Green I RT-qPCR, the coincidence rate of the two methods was 100%. The results suggest that the RT-RAA method is rapid, sensitive and specific for GETV detection and can be applied in the clinical.

3.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 129: 112374, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579893

RESUMO

Injectable hydrogels, of which the cover area and volume can be flexibly adjusted according to the shape and depth of the wound, are considered to be an ideal material for wound dressing. Konjac glucomannan (KGM) is a natural polysaccharide with immunomodulatory capability, while γ-polyglutamic acid (γ-PGA) is a single chain polyamino acid with moisturizing, water-retention and antibacterial properties. This work intended to combine the advantages of the two materials to prepare an injectable hydrogel (P-OK) by mixing the adipic acid dihydrazide (ADH) modified γ-PGA with oxidized KGM. The chemical structures, the physical and chemical properties, and the biological properties of the P-OK hydrogel were evaluated. The optimal conditions to form the P-OK hydrogel were fixed, and the cytotoxicity, qPCR, antibacterial and animal experiments were performed. Results showed that the P-OK hydrogel had a fast gelation time, good water-retention rate, little cytotoxicity, good immunomodulating and antibacterial capabilities, and could shorten the healing period in the rat full-thickness defect model, which makes it a potential candidate for wound repair dressing.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Ácido Poliglutâmico , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bandagens , Mananas , Ácido Poliglutâmico/análogos & derivados , Ratos , Cicatrização
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519147

RESUMO

Chiral indoline-2-carboxylic acid has been identified to enable the first highly enantioselective Catellani-type annulation of (hetero)aryl, alkenyl triflate and conjugated vinyl iodides with 4-(bromomethyl)cyclohexanone, directly assembling a diverse range of chiral all-carbon bridged ring systems. Control experiments and DFT calculations suggest that the coordinating orientation of the chiral amino acid to the arylpalladium(II) center allows for high levels of stereochemical control.

5.
Curr Neuropharmacol ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525934

RESUMO

Oxytocin (OXT) is a nine amino acid neuropeptide hormone that has become one of the most intensively studied molecules in the past few decades. The vast majority of OXT is synthesized in the periventricular nucleus and supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus, and a few are synthesized in some peripheral organs (such as the uterus, ovaries, adrenal glands, thymus, pancreas, etc.) OXT modulates a series of physiological processes, including lactation, parturition, as well as some social behaviors. In addition, more and more attention has recently been focused on the analgesic effects of oxytocin. It has been reported that OXT can relieve tension and pain without other adverse effects. However, the critical role and detailed mechanism of OXT in analgesia remain unclear. Here, this review aims to summarize the mechanism of OXT in analgesia and some ideas about the mechanism.

6.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 392, 2021 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (IBDD) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder resulting from variants in ACAD8, and is poorly understood, as only dozens of cases have been reported previously. Based on a newborn screening program, we evaluated the incidence, phenotype and genotype of IBDD as well as the prognosis. Moreover, we reviewed the variant spectrum in ACAD8 associated with IBDD. METHODS: Forty unrelated patients with IBDD were retrospectively screened for newborns between Jan 2012 and Dec 2020. Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) was used to determine the concentrations of C4-acylcarnitine, C4/C2 (acetylcarnitine), and C4/C3 (propionylcarnitine). All suspected cases were genetically tested by metabolic genes panel. RESULTS: The incidence of IBDD here was 1: 62,599. All patients presented continuously elevated C4-acylcarnitine levels with higher ratios of C4/C2 and C4/C3. Isobutyrylglycine occurred in only 8 patients. During follow-up, four patients had a transient motor delay, and two patients had growth delay. Notably, one case harbored both ACAD8 compound heterozygous variants and a KMT2A de novo variant (c.2739del, p.E914Rfs*35), with IBDD and Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome together, had exact severe global developmental delay. All patients were regularly monitored once they were diagnosed, and each patient gradually had a normal diet after 6 months of age. After 3-108 months of follow-up, most individuals were healthy except the case harboring the KMT2A variant. A total of 16 novel variants in ACAD8, c.4_5delCT, c.109C > T, c.110-2A > T, c.236G > A, c.259G > A, c.381-14G > A, c.413delA, c.473A > G, c.500delG, c.758 T > G, c.842-1G > A, c.911A > T, c.989G > A, c.1150G > C, c.1157A > G and c.1165C > T, were identified. Along with a literature review on 51 ACAD8 variants in 81 IBDD patients, we found that the most common variant was c.286G > A (27.2%), which has been observed solely in the Chinese population to date, followed by c.1000C > T (8.6%), c.1176G > T (3.7%) and c.455 T > C (3.1%). CONCLUSION: The concentration of C4-acylcarnitine in NBS plus subsequent genetic testing is necessary for IBDD diagnosis. Both the genotypes and ACAD8 variants in IBDD are highly heterogeneous, and no significant correlations between genotype and phenotype are present here in patients with IBDD. Our IBDD cohort with detaied clinical characteristics, genotypes and long-term prognosis will be helpful for the diagnosis and management of patients with IBDD in the future.


Assuntos
Triagem Neonatal , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Acil-CoA Desidrogenase/deficiência , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Aminoácidos , China/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mutação , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Curr Neuropharmacol ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561985

RESUMO

The presence of foreign or misplaced nucleic acids is a danger signal that triggers innate immune responses through activating cytosolic DNA sensor cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) and binding to its downstream signaling effector stimulator of interferon genes (STING). Then the cGAS-STING pathway activation links nucleic acid sensing to immune responses and pathogenic entities clearance. However, overactivation of this signaling pathway leads to fatal immune disorders and contributes to the progression of many human inflammatory diseases. Therefore, optimal activation of this pathway is crucial for the elimination of invading pathogens and the maintenance of immune homeostasis. In this review, we will summarize its fundamental roles in initiating host defense against invading pathogens and discuss its pathogenic roles in multiple neuro-inflammatory diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS) and other neurodegenerative diseases.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3116-3122, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467703

RESUMO

Screening suitable reference genes is the premise of quantitative Real-time PCR(qRT-PCR)for gene expression analysis. To provide stable reference genes for expression analysis of genes in Aconitum vilmorinianum, this study selected 19 candidate re-ference genes(ACT1, ACT2, ACT3, aTUB1, aTUB2, bTUB, 18S rRNA, UBQ, eIF2, eIF3, eIF4, eIF5, CYP, GAPDH1, GAPDH2, PP2A1, PP2A2, ACP, and EF1α) based on the transcriptome data of A. vilmorinianum. qRT-PCR was conducted to profile the expression of these genes in the root, stem, leaf, and flower of A. vilmorinianum. The Ct values showed that 18S rRNA with high expression level and GAPDH2 with large expression difference among organs were not suitable as the reference genes. NormFinder and geNorm showed similar results of the expression stability of the other candidate reference genes and demonstrated PP2A1, EF1α, and CYP as the highly stable ones. However, BestKeeper suggested EF1α, ACT3, and PP2A1 as the top stable genes. In view of the different results from different softwares, the geometric mean method was employed to analyze the expression stability of the candidate re-ference genes, the results of which indicated that PP2A1, EF1α, and ACT3 were the most stable. Based on the comprehensive analysis results of geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and geometric mean method, PP2A1 and EF1α presented the most stable expression in different organs of A. vilmorinianum. PP2A1 and EF1α were the superior reference genes for gene expression profiling in different organs of A. vilmorinianum.


Assuntos
Aconitum , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes de Plantas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Padrões de Referência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
9.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(8): 2779-2785, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472295

RESUMO

To investigate whether the engineered Lactobacillus plantarum expressing the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) S1 gene can protect animals against PEDV, guinea pigs were fed with recombinant L. plantarum containing plasmid PVE5523-S1, with a dose of 2×108 CFU/piece, three times a day, at 14 days intervals. Guinea pigs fed with wild type L. plantarum and the engineered L. plantarum containing empty plasmid pVE5523 were used as negative controls. For positive control, another group of guinea pigs were injected with live vaccine for porcine epidemic diarrhea and porcine infectious gastroenteritis (HB08+ZJ08) by intramuscular injection, with a dose of 0.2 mL/piece, three times a day, at 14 days intervals. Blood samples were collected from the hearts of the four groups of guinea pigs at 0 d, 7 d, 14 d, 24 d, 31 d, 41 d and 48 d, respectively, and serum samples were isolated for antibody detection and neutralization test analysis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The spleens of guinea pigs were also aseptically collected to perform spleen cells proliferation assay. The results showed that the engineered bacteria could stimulate the production of secretory antibody sIgA and specific neutralizing antibody, and stimulate the increase of IL-4 and IFN-γ, as well as the proliferation of spleen cells. These results indicated that the engineered L. plantarum containing PEDV S1 induced specific immunity toward PEDV in guinea pigs, which laid a foundation for subsequent oral vaccine development.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Lactobacillus plantarum , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína , Doenças dos Suínos , Vacinas Virais , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Cobaias , Lactobacillus plantarum/genética , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/genética , Suínos , Vacinas Virais/genética
10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(18): e2100825, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338437

RESUMO

The nanomechanical properties of tumor-derived small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) are essential to cancer progression. Here, nanoindentation is utilized on atomic force microscopy (AFM) to quantitatively investigate the nanomechanical properties of human breast cancer cell-derived sEVs at single vesicle level and explore their relationship with tumor malignancy and vesicle size. It is demonstrated that the stiffness of the sEVs results from the combined contribution of the bending modulus and osmotic pressure of the sEVs. The stiffness and osmotic pressure increase with increasing malignancy of the sEVs and decrease with increasing size of the sEVs. The bending modulus decreases with increasing malignancy of the sEVs and is lower in smaller sEVs. This study builds relationship between the nanomechanical signature of the sEV and tumor malignancy, adding information for better understanding cancer mechanobiology.

11.
Nanotechnology ; 32(49)2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450609

RESUMO

Magnesium ion battery is one of the promising next-generation energy storage systems. Nevertheless, lack of appropriate cathode materials to ensure massive storage and efficient migration of Mg cations is a big obstacle for development of Mg-ion batteries. Herein, by means of first principles calculations, the geometric structure, electronic structure, Mg intercalation behavior and Mg diffusion behavior of the layered MoO2and two MoOSe (MoOSe(I) and MoOSe(V)) were systematically investigated. Layered MoO2shows semiconductor properties, while MoOSe displays metallic characteristics which ensure higher conductivity. The Mg cations tend to intercalate into octahedral sites for both MoO2and MoOSe. The maximum Mg-storage phases of the layered MoO2, MoOSe(I) and MoOSe(V) correspond to Mg0.666MoO2, Mg0.666MoOSe(I) and Mg0.666MoOSe(V), with theoretical specific capacities of 279, 191 and 191 mAh g-1, respectively. The calculated discharge plateaus of MoO2and two MoOSe are all about 1 V, which ensure that the layered MoO2and MoOSe electrodes can act as cathodes for Mg-ion batteries in the early stage. Moreover, comparing with other cathodes, the diffusion barrier of Mg cations and volume expansion during Mg intercalation process are competitive. The results suggest that layered MoO2and MoOSe are the promising cathode materials for Mg-ion batteries.

12.
Oral Oncol ; 121: 105471, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to monitor the recovery of somatosensory function and oral health-related quality of life after tongue reconstruction using a non-innervated radial forearm free flap (RFFF). METHODS: Twenty patients (9 men, age: 42-67 years) underwent tongue reconstruction with non-innervated RFFFs, and twenty age- and sex-matched controls were included in this study. Quantitative sensory testing (QST), including cold, warm, and mechanical detection thresholds (CDT, WDT, MDT); cold, heat, and mechanical pain thresholds (CPT, HPT, MPT); and static two-point, sharp/blunt, and direction discrimination (S2-PD, S/BD, DD) were determined 9 months and 18 months after surgery on the surgical (9 M, 18 M) and contralateral sides (9Mc, 18Mc). Oral Health Impact Profile-49 (OHIP-49) was used to determine the oral-related quality of life of participants. RESULTS: All parameters showed significantly lower sensitivity at 9 M and 18 M (p < 0.001) compared to those for the controls and the contralateral side, except for DD (p = 0.101). In addition, the parameters showed a significant decrease in sensitivity for 9Mc and 18Mc (p ≤ 0.043) compared to those for the controls, except for MPT, HPT, S/SD, and DD (p ≥ 0.453). Findings on WDT, MPT, S2-PD, and DD (p ≤ 0.046) indicated significantly higher somatosensory function at 18 M than that at 9 M. MDT and MPT (p ≤ 0.038) showed significantly higher sensitivity at 18Mc than at 9Mc. Scores for all dimensions of OHIP-49 were significantly higher in patients (decrease in quality of life, p ≤ 0.002) than in controls, except for physical discomfort (p = 0.51). However, the scores were significantly higher at 18 M than at 9 M (p ≤ 0.011), except for handicap (p = 0.36). Postoperative chemotherapy was significantly correlated with impaired thermal sensitivity of the flaps (WDT, p = 0.049). CONCLUSION: The present findings showed significant impairment in somatosensory function on both the surgical and contralateral sides of patients with RFFFs. However, a significant increase in somatosensory function was observed on both sides over time. Somatosensory disturbances observed after surgery were associated with poor oral health-related quality of life.

13.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 9987200, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34394902

RESUMO

With the popularization of medical knowledge and the development of medical technology, people pay more and more attention to COPD. This paper mainly studies the effect of virtual reality technology combined with comprehensive lung rehabilitation on patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 60 patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were selected to collect their general information, such as name, gender, and age. They were divided into the experimental group and control group, 30 patients in each group. The experimental group was treated with virtual reality technology combined with lung rehabilitation, while the control group was treated with conventional rehabilitation. Patients in both groups needed medication and participated in a 30-minute disease description activity once a week. In addition, patients in the control group should walk for 20 minutes every day to monitor muscle fatigue. Breathing exercises are also carried out regularly. Patients are instructed to use their lips and abdomen for 5 minutes each time. The respiratory rate was 7 beats per minute. In addition to the routine training of the control group, the experimental group will also train the simulated bicycle for 20 minutes, which will be automatically saved on the computer after the training. After the experiment, the muscle function and motor ability of the two groups were evaluated, and the results were statistically analyzed. The total self-efficacy scores of patients before and after telemedicine technical support increased significantly (2.15 ± 0.21 before telemedicine technical support, 2.39 ± 0.20 after telemedicine technical support), and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The results show that the application of virtual reality technology can improve the rehabilitation belief of patients and strengthen the training effect.

14.
Biopreserv Biobank ; 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435893

RESUMO

Background: Cryopreserved whole blood, all-cell pellets (ACPs), and buffy coats in biobanks are widely used to obtain DNA for genetic testing. However, there are few studies concerning the quality control of DNA extracted from them. Our research aimed to perform quality control of DNA extracted from ACPs after cryopreservation for >10 years. Materials and Methods: A total of 1377 ACP samples (separated from 3 mL of whole blood) were retrieved from our biobank, where they had been cryopreserved for 10-15 years. Chemagic STAR was used to extract the DNA. Absorbance at A260, A280, and A230 were measured by spectrophotometry, and integrity was analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis. The quality thresholds for an Illumina Asian Screening Array (ASA) were yields greater than 0.5 µg, concentration of 25-150 ng/µL, A260/280 ratio of 1.6-2.1, and no degradation fragments in the electrophoresis gel. Results: The median yield of genomic DNA was 54.30 µg (interquartile range [IQR] 35.55-74.64). The median A260/280 and A260/230 ratios were 1.90 (IQR 1.87-1.94) and 1.98 (IQR 1.64-2.41), respectively. In total, 1377 samples (100%) had qualified yields, and 1366 samples (99.20%) had qualified integrity results. Finally, 1328 (96.44%) samples were used for ASA. Of the remaining samples, 34 needed to be repurified, 4 were obtained at an insufficient concentration, and 11 were unqualified for integrity. In addition, we analyzed the influence of hemolysis (90 samples) and clots (102 samples) on the quality of DNA samples. Hemolysis and clotting did not influence yield or integrity, but a significant difference was found in A260/230 compared to normal samples (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the samples (14 samples) with both hemolysis and clots had higher A260/280 (p < 0.05). Conclusion: ACP samples stored for >10 years at -80°C produced DNA with high quality for use in genetic analysis. Hemolysis and clots in the ACPs led to lower purity, but did not significantly affect yield or integrity.

15.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 27(11): 1313-1326, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255932

RESUMO

AIMS: Chronification of postoperative pain is a common clinical phenomenon following surgical operation, and it perplexes a great number of patients. Estrogen and its membrane receptor (G protein-coupled estrogen receptor, GPER) play a crucial role in pain regulation. Here, we explored the role of GPER in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) during chronic postoperative pain and search for the possible mechanism. METHODS AND RESULTS: Postoperative pain was induced in mice or rats via a plantar incision surgery. Behavioral tests were conducted to detect both thermal and mechanical pain, showing a small part (16.2%) of mice developed into pain persisting state with consistent low pain threshold on 14 days after incision surgery compared with the pain recovery mice. Immunofluorescent staining assay revealed that the GPER-positive neurons in the RVM were significantly activated in pain persisting rats. In addition, RT-PCR and immunoblot analyses showed that the levels of GPER and phosphorylated µ-type opioid receptor (p-MOR) in the RVM of pain persisting mice were apparently increased on 14 days after incision surgery. Furthermore, chemogenetic activation of GPER-positive neurons in the RVM of Gper-Cre mice could reverse the pain threshold of pain recovery mice. Conversely, chemogenetic inhibition of GPER-positive neurons in the RVM could prevent mice from being in the pain persistent state. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated that the GPER in the RVM was responsible for the chronification of postoperative pain and the downstream pathway might be involved in MOR phosphorylation.

16.
Vet Microbiol ; 260: 109182, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315003

RESUMO

Immunosuppression can increase the susceptibility of chickens to other disease-causing pathogens and interfere with the efficacy of vaccination against those pathogens. Chicken anaemia virus (CAV) and infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) are common causes of immunosuppression in chickens. Immunosuppression was induced by experimental infection with either CAV or IBDV to assess the effect of immunosuppression on the efficacy of vaccination with Mycoplasma gallisepticum strain ts-304 against infection with virulent M. gallisepticum, a common bacterial pathogen of chickens worldwide. Birds were experimentally infected with either CAV or IBDV at 1 week of age, before vaccination and challenge with M. gallisepticum to examine the effect of immunosuppression at the time of vaccination, or at 6 weeks of age, after vaccination against M. gallisepticum but before challenge with virulent M. gallisepticum, to investigate the effect of immunosuppression at the time of challenge. All birds were vaccinated with a single dose of the ts-304 vaccine at 3 weeks of age and experimentally challenged with the virulent M. gallisepticum strain Ap3AS at 8 weeks of age. In immunosuppressed chickens there was a reduction in protection offered by the ts-304 vaccine at two weeks after challenge, as measured by tracheal mucosal thicknesses, serum antibody levels against M. gallisepticum, air sac lesion scores and virulent M. gallisepticum load in the trachea. Immunosuppressed birds with detectable serum antibodies against M. gallisepticum were less likely to have tracheal lesions. This study has shown that immunosuppression caused by infection with CAV or IBDV can interfere with vaccination against mycoplasmosis in chickens.


Assuntos
Infecções por Birnaviridae/veterinária , Vírus da Anemia da Galinha/imunologia , Galinhas/imunologia , Infecções por Circoviridae/veterinária , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/imunologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/veterinária , Mycoplasma gallisepticum/imunologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/prevenção & controle , Sacos Aéreos/virologia , Animais , Infecções por Birnaviridae/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Birnaviridae/virologia , Vírus da Anemia da Galinha/patogenicidade , Galinhas/microbiologia , Infecções por Circoviridae/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Circoviridae/virologia , Imunidade Celular/imunologia , Imunidade Humoral/imunologia , Imunossupressão/veterinária , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/patogenicidade , Membrana Mucosa/virologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/prevenção & controle , Mycoplasma gallisepticum/patogenicidade , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/microbiologia , Traqueia/virologia
17.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-11, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319174

RESUMO

The quality of the existing evidence on the effects of protein hydrolysate supplementation on fat-free mass (FFM) and upper and lower body strength under resistance exercise intervention has not been evaluated. We conducted a structured literature search in PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Scopus database. A random effect model was used with continuous data of FFM and upper and lower body strength for healthy participants over 18 years old who received resistance training for ≥4 weeks and took protein hydrolysate or equivalent control supplements. Sensitivity and subgroup analyses were also conducted. Data from 330 participants in eight studies showed that supplemental protein hydrolysate had a positive effect on the FFM (n = 13, SMD = 0.36, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.16-0.56, P = 0.000) and lower (n = 7, SMD = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.16-0.69, P = 0.001) and upper (n = 5, SMD = 0.17, 95% CI: -0.06-0.41, P = 0.145) body strength of resistance-trained individuals compared with placebo, showing an increase in physical fitness and muscle strength. However, the current evidence is insufficient to establish ingestion recommendations.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension and periodontal diseases share several risk factors. Inflammation biomarkers in saliva are related to hypertension and periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to explore the role of the salivary inflammatory biomarkers in the treatment effectiveness of patients with hypertension and periodontal disease. METHODS: This observational study enrolled 160 subjects diagnosed with periodontitis, 40 of which had a history of hypertension. All subjects had completed scaling and root planning therapeutic procedures within four weeks. The clinical periodontal parameters (i.e., bleeding on probing, plaque control record (PCR), and probing depth (PD)) were evaluated before and after the treatment. Pro-inflammatory markers were determined using a commercial kit. RESULTS: The recovery rate (PD 4-9 mm) in non-hypertensive subjects was significantly higher than in hypertensive subjects (60.47% vs. 52.60%, respectively; p = 0.04). All clinical parameters, excluding PCR, positively correlated with salivary IL-1ß at baseline and after completing treatment. Our results showed that increased salivary IL-1ß levels were positively associated with decreased PCR (ß = -27.65 and p = 0.05) and PD recovery rate (ß = -17.05 and p = 0.02) in hypertensive subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The present study sheds important light on the clinical use of salivary pro-inflammatory cytokines as valuable biomarkers for predicting the treatment effectiveness of patients suffering from hypertension and periodontitis.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Doenças Periodontais , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Saliva , Fumar , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Talanta ; 233: 122563, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215059

RESUMO

Persistent luminescent nanoparticles (PLNPs) are a class of materials with excellent optical properties, which can continue to emit light for a long time after removing the excitation light source. This feature enables PLNPs to be used for development of biological detection modes without autofluorescence background. In this study, we prepared Zn2GeO4: Mn2+, Pr3+ (ZGOMP) nanorods through a one-pot hydrothermal method. Using the pH-responsive luminescence behavior of ZGOMP, we developed an autofluorescence-free biosensor using ZGOMP as a probe and gluconic acid as a quencher to detect prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Hybridization chain reaction (HCR) and magnetic separation system were introduced in the design to achieve efficient signal amplification. Under the optimal conditions, the as-designed autofluorescence-free sensing platform showed high selectivity, and showed a good luminescence response to PSA within the linear range of 0.001-10 ng/mL at a detection limit of 0.64 pg/mL. The excellent analytical performance shows that the current strategy provides an effective platform for clinical sample analysis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas , Nanotubos , Humanos , Luminescência , Masculino , Antígeno Prostático Específico
20.
Cell Rep ; 36(3): 109413, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289355

RESUMO

Metabolic regulation strategies have been developed to redirect metabolic fluxes to production pathways. However, it is difficult to screen out target genes that, when repressed, improve yield without affecting cell growth. Here, we report a strategy using a quorum-sensing system to control small RNA transcription, allowing cell-density-dependent repression of target genes. This strategy is shown with convenient operation, dynamic repression, and availability for simultaneous regulation of multiple genes. The parameters Ai, Am, and RA (3-oxohexanoyl-homoserine lactone [AHL] concentrations at which half of the maximum repression and the maximum repression were reached and value of the maximum repression when AHL was added manually, respectively) are defined and introduced to characterize repression curves, and the variant LuxRI58N is identified as the most suitable tuning factor for shake flask culture. Moreover, it is shown that dynamic overexpression of the Hfq chaperone is the key to combinatorial repression without disruptions on cell growth. To show a broad applicability, the production titers of pinene, pentalenene, and psilocybin are improved by 365.3%, 79.5%, and 302.9%, respectively, by applying combinatorial dynamic repression.

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