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1.
Ital J Pediatr ; 45(1): 78, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnostic value of procalcitonin (PCT) for acute appendicitis (AA) has been evaluated in adult patients, but the application in children remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of PCT for overall and complicated AA in children. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang were searched along with reference lists of relevant articles up to January 2018 without language restrictions. Original articles that reported the performance of PCT in the diagnosis of pediatric AA and associated complications were selected. To assess the diagnostic value of PCT, sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratios (DORs), summary receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, area under the curve (AUC), and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were estimated. RESULTS: Seven qualifying studies (504 confirmed AA and 368 controls) from 6 countries for overall AA and 4 studies (187 complicated AA and 185 uncomplicated AA) for complicated AA from 3 countries were identified. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of PCT for the diagnosis of pediatric AA were 0.62 (95% CI: 0.57-0.66) and 0.86 (95% CI: 0.82-0.89), respectively. The DOR was 21.4 (95% CI: 3.64-126.1) and the AUC was 0.955. PCT was more accurate in diagnosing complicated appendicitis, with a pooled sensitivity of 0.89 (95% CI: 0.84-0.93), specificity of 0.90 (95% CI: 0.86-0.94), and DOR of 76.73 (95% CI: 21.6-272.9). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis showed that PCT may have potential value in diagnosing pediatric AA. Moreover, PCT had greater diagnostic value in identifying pediatric complicated appendicitis.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 93: 88-94, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28624426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to investigate whether the saponins, bioactive component of effects of D. collettii, could reduce the serum uric acid level in a hyperuricemic mouse via regulation of urate transporters. METHODS: Chronic hyperuricemia model was established by combine administration of adenine (100mg/kg) and ethambutol (250mg/kg). In the model group, the serum uric acid (SUA), urine uric acid (UUA) volume, and 24-h UUA values increased significantly, while the uric acid clearance rate (CUr) and creatinine clearance rate (CCr) values decreased. Further, the model groups showed significantly lower expression of organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) and organic anion transporter 3 (OAT3) and significantly higher expression of renal tubular urate transporter 1 (URAT1), glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9) and URAT1 mRNA than the normal control group. RESULTS: Saponins administration was found to have a dose-dependent effect, as evidenced by the increase in the 24-h UUA, CUr and CCr values; the decrease in SUA; the decrease in the renal expression of URAT1 mRNA and URAT1 and GLUT9 proteins; and the increase in the renal expression of the OAT1 and OAT3 proteins. CONCLUSION: The saponins extracted from D. collettii rhizomes had an obvious anti-hyperuricemic effect through downregulation of the URAT1 mRNA and the URAT1 and GLUT9 proteins and upregulation of the OAT1 and OAT3 proteins.


Assuntos
Dioscorea/química , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperuricemia/metabolismo , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rizoma/química , Saponinas/farmacologia , Animais , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos Sódio-Independentes/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ácido Úrico/metabolismo
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 38(14): 2348-53, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24199570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the preventive and therapeutic effects of total saponin of Dioscorea (TSD) on chronic hyperuricemia, and its effect on urate transporter 1 (URAT1) in rats. METHOD: Ninety male rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: the normal group, the model group, TSD high-, medium- and low-dose (300, 100, 30 mg x kg(-1)) groups and the benzbromarone (10 mg x kg(-1)) group. Potassium oxonate and ethambutol were adopted to establish the chronic hyperuricemia model Since the third week, all the rats were intragastrically administered with drugs for 4 weeks, once a day, in order to determine their uric acid in serum and urine, uric acid excretion and xanthine oxidase (XOD). URAT1 mRNA and URAT1 protein expression in rat renal tubular cells were determined by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry method respectively. RESULT: Serum uric acid level of the model group increased significantly, while uric acid excretion decreased, with high expressions of renal URAT1 mRNA and URAT1 protein. TSD could dose-dependently reduce the serum uric acid level of chronic hyperuricemia rats, increase the concentration of uric acid and uric acid excretion in urine, and reduce renal URAT1 mRNA and URAT1 protein expression. Its effects were similar with that of benzbromarone, but with no significant effect on XOD and urinary volume of chronic hyperuricemia rats. CONCLUSION: TSD has an obvious effect of anti-hyperuricemia It may reduce the reabsorption of uric acid by inhibiting the high expression of rat renal URAT1.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte de Ânions/biossíntese , Dioscorea/química , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Saponinas/química , Saponinas/farmacologia , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte de Ânions/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Ânions/metabolismo , Benzobromarona/farmacologia , Supressores da Gota/química , Supressores da Gota/farmacologia , Hiperuricemia/sangue , Hiperuricemia/genética , Hiperuricemia/urina , Túbulos Renais/efeitos dos fármacos , Túbulos Renais/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Saponinas/farmacocinética , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Ácido Úrico/urina , Xantina Oxidase/metabolismo
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