Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 565
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4618, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941119

RESUMO

Perovskites with exsolved nanoparticles (P-eNs) have immense potentials for carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction in solid oxide electrolysis cell. Despite the recent achievements in promoting the B-site cation exsolution for enhanced catalytic activities, the unsatisfactory stability of P-eNs at high voltages greatly impedes their practical applications and this issue has not been elucidated. In this study, we reveal that the formation of B-site vacancies in perovskite scaffold is the major contributor to the degradation of P-eNs; we then address this issue by fine-regulating the B-site supplement of the reduced Sr2Fe1.3Ni0.2Mo0.5O6-δ using foreign Fe sources, achieving a robust perovskite scaffold and prolonged stability performance. Furthermore, the degradation mechanism from the perspective of structure stability of perovskite has also been proposed to understand the origins of performance deterioration. The B-site supplement endows P-eNs with the capability to become appealing electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction and more broadly, for other energy storage and conversion systems.

2.
Leukemia ; 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35962059

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) therapy has achieved remarkable therapeutic success in treating a variety of hematopoietic malignancies. However, the high relapse rate and poor in vivo persistence, partially caused by CAR-T cell exhaustion, are still important barriers against CAR-T therapy. It remains largely elusive on the mechanisms of CAR-T exhaustion and how to attenuate exhaustion to achieve better therapeutic efficacy. In this study, we initially observed that CAR-T cells showed rapid differentiation and increased exhaustion after co-culture with tumor cells in vitro, and then performed single-cell ATAC-seq to depict the comprehensive and dynamic landscape of chromatin accessibility of CAR-T cells during tumor cell stimulation. Analyses of differential chromatin accessible regions and motif accessibility revealed that TFs were distinct in each cell type and reconstituted a coordinated regulatory network to drive CAR-T exhaustion. Furthermore, we performed scATAC-seq in patient-derived CAR-T cells and identified BATF and IRF4 as pivotal regulators in CAR-T cell exhaustion. Finally, knockdown of BATF or IRF4 enhanced the killing ability, inhibited exhaustion, and prolonged the persistence of CAR-T cells in vivo. Together, our study unraveled the epigenetic regulatory mechanisms of CAR-T exhaustion and provided new insights into CAR-T engineering to achieve better clinical treatment benefits.

3.
Nat Genet ; 54(8): 1167-1177, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915169

RESUMO

To identify new susceptibility loci to lung cancer among diverse populations, we performed cross-ancestry genome-wide association studies in European, East Asian and African populations and discovered five loci that have not been previously reported. We replicated 26 signals and identified 10 new lead associations from previously reported loci. Rare-variant associations tended to be specific to populations, but even common-variant associations influencing smoking behavior, such as those with CHRNA5 and CYP2A6, showed population specificity. Fine-mapping and expression quantitative trait locus colocalization nominated several candidate variants and susceptibility genes such as IRF4 and FUBP1. DNA damage assays of prioritized genes in lung fibroblasts indicated that a subset of these genes, including the pleiotropic gene IRF4, potentially exert effects by promoting endogenous DNA damage.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
4.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 937246, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35923788

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the distribution of pediatric keratoconus patients and the disease severity based on different age and gender groups in China. Materials and methods: A total of 446 keratoconus eyes in 266 pediatric patients from January 2019 to January 2022 were included in the cross-sectional study. The clinical findings and severity of keratoconus were recorded and Kruskal-Wallis test, chi-squared test, and Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel (CMH) test were used to compare the parameters between different gender and age groups. Results: The male/female ratio was 353/93 (3.8:1), and the median age was 16 years (range: 6-17 years). Male patients were statistically younger than female patients (P = 0.041). The male/female ratio decreased with age (P for trend = 0.011). The distribution of the topographic keratoconus classification (TKC) stage was significantly different between gender and age groups (all P < 0.05). Male patients had a higher ratio of advanced keratoconus eyes (TKC ≥ 3) than female patients (P < 0.001), and CMH analysis indicated that being a male was a risk factor for advanced keratoconus after controlling for age (odds ratio: 2.581, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Male keratoconus patients were younger, with a higher ratio of advanced keratoconus than female patients in the Chinese pediatric patients evaluated. Multicenter studies with larger sample sizes are necessary in the future.

5.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900823

RESUMO

Highly sensitive short-wave infrared (SWIR) detectors, compatible with the silicon-based complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process, are regarded as the key enabling components in the miniaturized system for weak signal detection. To date, the high photogain devices are greatly limited by a large bias voltage, low-temperature refrigeration, narrow response band, and complex fabrication processes. Here, we demonstrate high photogain detectors working in the SWIR region at room temperature, which use graphene for charge transport and Te-hyperdoped silicon (Te-Si) for infrared absorption. The prolonged lifetime of carriers, combined with the built-in potential generated at the interface between the graphene and the Te-Si, leads to an ultrahigh photogain of 109 at room temperature (300 K) for 1.55 µm light. The gain can be improved to 1012, accompanied by a noise equivalent power (NEP) of 0.08 pW Hz-1/2 at 80 K. Moreover, the proposed device exhibits a NEP of 4.36 pW Hz-1/2 at 300 K at the wavelength of 2.7 µm, which is exceeding the working region of InGaAs detectors. This research shows that graphene can be used as an efficient platform for silicon-based SWIR detection and provides a strategy for the low-power, uncooled, high-gain infrared detectors compatible with the CMOS process.

6.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35894445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is widely used to treat intracranial hypertension following severe head injury. However, impairments of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hydrodynamics such as hydrocephalus and subdural effusion are common complications that occur after DC. Therefore, monitoring of intracranial pressure is a staple of neurocritical care post-DC. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of transcranial duplex sonography (TDS) for serial monitoring and management of CSF disorders after DC. METHODS: A total of 100 patients who underwent DC between June 2016 and May 2019 were recruited for the study. Transcranial duplex sonography examinations were performed between 1-day and 1-year post-DC. Transcranial duplex sonography was mainly used for monitoring changes in ventricle size and morphology, and also to monitor intraventricular hemorrhage, hydrocephalus, intracranial hygromas, and ventricle changes during CSF release procedures. RESULTS: A total of 456 TDS examinations were performed on patients after DC. Of these, 402 were performed in the neuro-intensive care unit. Two patients had intraventricular hemorrhage and underwent TDS-guided external ventricular drainage. Twenty-nine patients were diagnosed with hydrocephalus. The results of TDS were consistent with those of cranial computed tomography. Three cases of ventriculoperitoneal shunt and 1 case of lumbar peritoneal shunt underwent valve pressure reset according to TDS, to obtain satisfactory ventricle size. Transcranial duplex sonography was used to monitor ventricle changes and control drainage volume during CSF release procedures, including 2 external ventricular drainage, 6 external lumbar drainage, and 10 lumbar punctures. Eighteen patients were detected with single or multiple intracranial effusions, including 16 subdural hygromas, 5 longitudinal fissure hygromas, and 6 brain cysts. CONCLUSIONS: Transcranial duplex sonography can efficiently help monitor changes in ventricle size and morphology and intracranial effusions. Due to its noninvasive nature, suitability for bedside application, real-time, and inexpensiveness, TDS can significantly replace cranial computed tomography and become part of the patient's daily inspection work after DC.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900139

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Over 40% lung cancer cases occurred in never-smokers in China. However, high-risk never-smokers were precluded benefiting from the lung cancer screening as most screening guidelines did not consider them. OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop and validate prediction models for three-year lung cancer risks for never- and ever-smokers (China NCC-LCm2021 models). METHODS: 425 626 never-smokers and 128 952 ever-smokers from the National Lung Cancer Screening program were used as the training cohort and analyzed using multivariable Cox models. Models were validated in two independent prospective cohorts: one included 369 650 never-smokers and 107 678 ever-smokers (841 and 421 lung cancers), and the other included 286 327 never-smokers and 78 469 ever-smokers (503 and 127 lung cancers). MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) in the two validation cohorts were 0.698 and 0.673 for never-smokers, and 0.728 and 0.752 for ever-smokers. Our models had higher AUCs than other existing models and were well calibrated in the validation cohort. The China NCC-LCm2021 ≥0.47% threshold was suggested for never-smokers and ≥0.51% for ever-smokers. Moreover, we provided a range of threshold options with corresponding expected screening outcomes, screening target, and screening efficiency. CONCLUSION: The construction of the China NCC-LCm2021 models can accurately reflect individuals' risk of lung cancer, regardless of smoking status. Our models can significantly increase the feasibility of conducting centralized lung cancer screening programs, because we provided justified thresholds to define the high-risk population of lung cancer and threshold options to adapt different configuration of medical resources.

8.
Hip Int ; : 11207000221111309, 2022 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of quadratus lumborum nerve blocks (QLB) for pain control following elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) has increased substantially in recent years. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare outcomes from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) utilising QLBs following elective THA. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched for RCTs perioperative QLBs for THA. Quantitative synthesis was conducted for pain scores, opioid consumption and adverse events. RESULTS: A total of 7 RCTs with 429 patients undergoing THA were included. No differences in pain scores were demonstrated between QLBs and control interventions. Subgroup analysis demonstrated no differences between QLBs and sham procedures or active comparators. No differences in postoperative opioid consumption between QLB and control interventions was found. In trials reporting adverse events, they were rare and similar between groups. Overall, the certainty of the evidence was graded as low or very low. CONCLUSIONS: The current literature suggests that a QLB for THA does not reduce pain or opioid consumption compared to sham or active comparators.

9.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 11(7): 13, 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35838491

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the heritability of corneal parameters obtained by Pentacam in nuclear families with keratoconus (KC). Methods: A total of 82 patients with KC and their biological parents (n = 164) were recruited in the current study. All subjects underwent corneal tomography with Pentacam. Family units were analyzed to calculate the heritability of corneal parameters by linear mixed effects model using the R statistical software. Results: The pachymetry at apex, pupil, and thinnest point were all significantly heritable at 43.26%, 42.63%, and 43.09%, respectively. The heritability of flat meridian keratometry, steep meridian keratometry, and mean keratometry in the anterior surface were 10.36%, 9.05%, and 10.21%, respectively, and that of flat meridian keratometry, steep meridian keratometry, and mean keratometry in the posterior surface were 8.44%, 9.67%, and 9.06%, respectively. The posterior radius of curvature had higher heritability in comparison with anterior radius of curvature (19.16% vs. 14.37%). Moreover, among combined topometric indices, the heritability of index of vertical asymmetry was the highest (19.49%), and that of central keratoconus index was the lowest (6.64%). Conclusions: The present study demonstrated a substantial heritability of corneal parameters in nuclear families with KC. The pachymetric indices are heritable and may be suitable as KC endophenotypes, suggesting a necessity to discover the genes associated with corneal thickness in KC. Translational Relevance: The pachymetric indices are heritable and may be suitable as KC endophenotypes, indicating that the pachymetric indices might be a corneal characteristic to predict the occurrence of KC.


Assuntos
Ceratocone , Córnea , Topografia da Córnea/métodos , Humanos , Ceratocone/diagnóstico , Ceratocone/epidemiologia , Ceratocone/genética , Núcleo Familiar , Tomografia
10.
Animal Model Exp Med ; 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35791899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are remarkable genetic differences between animal major histocompatibility complex (MHC) systems and the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system. HLA transgenic humanized mouse model systems offer a much better method to study the HLA-A-related principal mechanisms for vaccine development and HLA-A-restricted responses against infection in human. METHODS: A recombinant gene encoding the chimeric HLA-A30 monochain was constructed. This HHD molecule contains the following: α1-α2 domains of HLA-A30, α3 and cytoplasmic domains of H-2Db , linked at its N-terminus to the C-terminus of human ß2m by a 15-amino-acid peptide linker. The recombinant gene encoding the chimeric HLA-A30 monochain cassette was introduced into bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) CH502-67J3 containing the HLA-A01 gene locus by Red-mediated homologous recombination. Modified BAC CH502-67J3 was microinjected into the pronuclei of wild-type mouse oocytes. This humanized mouse model was further used to assess the immune responses against influenza A virus (H1N1) pdm09 clinically isolated from human patients. Immune cell population, cytokine production, and histopathology in the lung were analyzed. RESULTS: We describe a novel human ß2m-HLA-A30 (α1α2)-H-2Db (α3 transmembrane cytoplasmic) (HHD) monochain transgenic mouse strain, which contains the intact HLA-A01 gene locus including 49 kb 5'-UTR and 74 kb 3'-UTR of HLA-A01*01. Five transgenic lines integrated into the large genomic region of HLA-A gene locus were obtained, and the robust expression of exogenous transgene was detected in various tissues from A30-18# and A30-19# lines encompassing the intact flanking sequences. Flow cytometry revealed that the introduction of a large genomic region in HLA-A gene locus can influence the immune cell constitution in humanized mice. Pdm09 infection caused a similar immune response among HLA-A30 Tg humanized mice and wild-type mice, and induced the rapid increase of cytokines, including IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-6, in both HLA-A30 humanized Tg mice and wild-type mice. The expression of HLA-A30 transgene was dramatically promoted in tissues from A30-9# line at 3 days post-infection (dpi). CONCLUSIONS: We established a promising preclinical research animal model of HLA-A30 Tg humanized mouse, which could accelerate the identification of novel HLA-A30-restricted epitopes and vaccine development, and support the study of HLA-A-restricted responses against infection in humans.

11.
Cancer Drug Resist ; 5(2): 261-270, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35800365

RESUMO

Aim: Circular RNAs are widely and abnormally expressed in human cancer cells, and they participate in cancer progression. However, they have rarely been investigated in the immune evasion of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we elucidated the function and molecular mechanism of hsa_circ_0020714 in promoting the resistance to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy of NSCLC. Methods: The expression of hsa_circ_0020714 were examined by qRT-PCR. In vivo experiments were executed to investigate the biological function of hsa_circ_0020714 in the sensitivity of NSCLC to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. The qRT-PCR, fluorescence in situ hybridization, RNA pulldown, RNA immunoprecipitation, and western blot were carried out to investigate the potential regulatory mechanisms of hsa_circ_0020714 in NSCLC immune evasion. Results: The expression of hsa_circ_0020714 was upregulated in NSCLC tissues compared to the paired adjacent non-tumor tissues, and an increased expression of hsa_circ_0020714 was significantly associated with a bad prognosis and resistance to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy in patients with NSCLC. Mechanistically, hsa_circ_0020714 functions as an endogenous miR-30a-5p sponge to enhance SOX4 expression, thereby promoting immune evasion and anti-PD-1 resistance in NSCLC patients. Conclusion: Hsa_circ_0020714 induces the immune evasion and resistance to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy of NSCLC via the miR-30a-5p/SOX4 axis, and may be an promising immunotherapeutic target in NSCLC.

12.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 42(7): 609-626, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epigenetic alterations have been shown to contribute immensely to human carcinogenesis. Dynamic and reversible N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA modification regulates gene expression and cell fate. However, the reasons for activation of KIAA1429 (also known as VIRMA, an RNA methyltransferase) and its underlying mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remain largely unexplored. In this study, we aimed to clarify the oncogenic role of KIAA1429 in the tumorigenesis of LUAD. METHODS: Whole-genome sequencing and transcriptome sequencing of LUAD data were used to analyze the gene amplification of RNA methyltransferase. The in vitro and in vivo functions of KIAA1429 were investigated. Transcriptome sequencing, methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeRIP-seq), m6A dot blot assays and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) were performed to confirm the modified gene mediated by KIAA1429. RNA stability assays were used to detect the half-life of the target gene. RESULTS: Copy number amplification drove higher expression of KIAA1429 in LUAD, which was correlated with poor overall survival. Manipulating the expression of KIAA1429 could regulate the proliferation and metastasis of LUAD. Mechanistically, the target genes of KIAA1429-mediated m6A modification were confirmed by transcriptome sequencing and MeRIP-seq assays. We also revealed that KIAA1429 could regulate BTG2 expression in an m6A-dependent manner. Knockdown of KIAA1429 significantly decreased the m6A levels of BTG2 mRNA, leading to enhanced YTH m6A RNA binding protein 2 (YTHDF2, the m6A "reader")-dependent BTG2 mRNA stability and promoted the expression of BTG2; thus, participating in the tumorigenesis of LUAD. CONCLUSIONS: Our data revealed the activation mechanism and important role of KIAA1429 in LUAD tumorigenesis, which may provide a novel view on the targeted molecular therapy of LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Carcinogênese/genética , Amplificação de Genes , Humanos , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/genética , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Prognóstico , RNA , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
13.
Curr Med Sci ; 42(3): 561-568, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35678917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of hypertension on the clinical outcome of COVID-19 patients aged 60 years old and older. METHODS: This single-center retrospective cohort study enrolled consecutive COVID-19 patients aged 60 years old and older, who were admitted to Liyuan Hospital from January 1, 2020 to April 25, 2020. All included patients were divided into two groups: hypertension and nonhypertension group. The baseline demographic characteristics, laboratory test results, chest computed tomography (CT) images and clinical outcomes were collected and analyzed. The prognostic value of hypertension was determined using binary logistic regression. RESULTS: Among the 232 patients included in the analysis, 105 (45.3%) patients had comorbid hypertension. Compared to the nonhypertension group, patients in the hypertension group had higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratios, red cell distribution widths, lactate dehydrogenase, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, D-dimer and severity of lung lesion, and lower lymphocyte counts (all P<0.05). Furthermore, the hypertension group had a higher proportion of intensive care unit admissions [24 (22.9%) vs. 14 (11.0%), P=0.02) and deaths [16 (15.2%) vs. 3 (2.4%), P<0.001] and a significantly lower probability of survival (P<0.001) than the nonhypertension group. Hypertension (OR: 4.540, 95% CI: 1.203-17.129, P=0.026) was independently correlated with all-cause in-hospital death in elderly patients with COVID-19. CONCLUSION: The elderly COVID-19 patients with hypertension tend to have worse conditions at baseline than those without hypertension. Hypertension may be an independent prognostic factor of poor clinical outcome in elderly COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hipertensão , Idoso , COVID-19/complicações , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
14.
J Ophthalmol ; 2022: 6609531, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35663517

RESUMO

Purpose: The present study investigated the prevalence of keratoconus (KC) among first-degree relatives of KC patients in Central China. Methods: From July 2018 to March 2022, 661 first-degree relatives of 384 KC patients were included in the present study. Corneal tomography, uncorrected distance visual acuity, manifest refraction with corrected distance visual acuity, intraocular pressure, slit-lamp microscopy, and fundus examination were performed. The diagnosis of KC was based on the Belin/Ambrosio enhanced ectasia total deviation value (BAD-D value) on the Pentacam® system (Oculus GmbH). BAD-D value <1.6 was diagnosed as healthy, 1.6≤ BAD-D value <2.6 was diagnosed as suspected KC, and BAD-D value ≥2.6 was diagnosed as KC. Results: The present study included 337 (50.98%) female and 324 (49.02%) male subjects. The prevalence of KC and suspected KC in first-degree relatives was 8.77% (n = 58) and 29.05% (n = 192), respectively. The prevalence of KC was 9.70% among parents and 7.23% among siblings. Conclusions: The higher prevalence of KC among first-degree relatives of patients with KC suggests that first-degree relatives of KC are at high risk of developing KC.

15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 904077, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35721090

RESUMO

Background: Highly cited papers are expected to have high-quality data that significantly contribute to the body of knowledge. The study aimed to evaluate the characters of the 100 most-cited articles on corneal cross-linking (CXL) through a bibliometric analysis. Materials and Methods: The Web of Science database was searched to identify papers published from 1950 to 2020. A bibliometric analysis of the top 100-cited articles was conducted in the current study. The citation differences between basic research, clinical research, and reviews were compared by Kruskal-Wallis test. The association between citations and publication year was evaluated by Spearman correlation analysis. The VOSviewer software was used to create networks of co-authorship and keywords map. Results: The median values of the number of citations, citations/year since publication, and citations since 2013 were 101, 9.5, and 11.92, respectively. A total of 61% of articles were clinical research. The citations since 2013 of clinical research were lower than basic research and the reviews (all p < 0.001). The publication year was positively correlated with the number of publications (r = 0.665, p = 0.013), and the total number of citations decreased for basic research (r = -0.447, p = 0.017), and clinical research (r = -0.433, p < 0.001). The J REFRACT SURG publishes the highest number of articles. The corresponding authors were predominantly from the Italy (N = 17), Germany (N = 16), and United States (N = 15). Spoerl Eberhard has the highest number of citations and total link strength with 15 articles. Extensive collaboration existed among the main core nodes containing "cross-linking (N = 45)," "riboflavin (N = 44)," and "ultraviolet A (UVA) (N = 42)." Conclusion: The present study focused on the comprehensive analysis of the top 100-cited articles on the CXL research, providing insight into research developments over the past decades.

16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9161, 2022 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35650260

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to compare the difference of alveolar bone remodeling between the adolescents and adults in the maxillary incisor area during retraction. This retrospective study included 72 female patients who needed moderate anchorage to correct the bimaxillary protrusion. Subjects were further divided into the minor group (n = 36, 11-16 years old) and adult group (n = 36, 18-35 years old). Digital lateral cephalography and cone beam CT scanning were taken in each patient before (T0) and after treatment (T1). Cephalometry was conducted to assess incisor retraction, while alveolar bone thickness (ABT), alveolar bone distance (ABD), and alveolar bone area (ABA) were detected to assess changes in the alveolar bone. No difference in the inclination of upper incisors was observed at both T0 and T1 between two groups. Changes in the alveolar bone showed a similar tendency with bone apposition on the labial side and bone resorption on the palatal side in both groups. Less increase in the labial ABT (T1-T0) and more decrease in the palatal ABT (T1-T0) was found in the adult group, leading to less total ABT in the adult group. Higher reduction in ABD (T1-T0) was found in the adult group. Moreover, more decrease in the ABA (T1-T0) was found in the adult group. Adult patients have less alveolar bone support after treatment when compared with young adolescents. Orthodontists should take the age into consideration to reduce the potential periodontal risks during the treatment planning.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Maxila , Adolescente , Adulto , Remodelação Óssea , Criança , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Acta Biochim Pol ; 69(2): 321-326, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35704903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide. The disease has a poor prognosis, especially when the tumor becomes inoperable. The present study investigated the potential synergistic effects of oxaliplatin and metformin in gastric cancer cells. METHODS: The effect of oxaliplatin and metformin on cell proliferation was assessed with CCK-8 assay in human gastric cancer cell lines SGC7901 and SNU-16, where , the IC50 and (combination index) CI values were determined. RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to determine mRNA and protein expression levels of cell cycle- and apoptosis-related genes. The apoptotic rate was detected with flow cytometry in SGC7901 and SNU-16 cells. RESULTS: The CCK-8 assay showed inhibited proliferation of SGC7901 and SNU-16 cells upon oxaliplatin or metformin treatment and an increase in inhibitory potency when the drugs were administered in combination. Similarly, cell apoptosis was increased in both cell lines in the combination group compared to the metformin and oxaliplatin groups. Both metformin and oxaliplatin reduced Bcl-2 and increased Bax and caspase-3 expression in SGC7901 and SNU-16; and these effects were enhanced when the drugs were used in combination. CONCLUSION: The combination of metformin and oxaliplatin inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in gastric cancer cells. The underlying mechanisms may be related to the suppression of cyclin D1, Bcl-2 and the increase of expression of Bax and caspase-3.


Assuntos
Metformina , Neoplasias Gástricas , Apoptose , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Metformina/farmacologia , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Sincalida/farmacologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
18.
J Food Biochem ; : e14284, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35746852

RESUMO

Octacosanol (Oct), a kind of long-chain fatty alcohol extracted from rice bran was applied to study its effects on alleviating ulcerative colitis (UC). Oct was orally administered at 10 mg/kg (Oct-L) and 30 mg/kg (Oct-H) to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mice. Here, we reported that oral administration of 30 mg/kg Oct can significantly prevent the weight loss, colon shortening, and decrease the disease activity index (DAI) score. Oct-H supplementation modified the intestinal flora by lowering the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio, increasing the abundance of Prevotellaceae, S24-7, Turicibacter, and meanwhile decreasing Enterococcus and Stenotrophomonas. Based on the PICRUSt2 analysis, Oct-H may exert effects by anti-inflammation and xenobiotics degradation. Furthermore, short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) levels were raised and the integrity of the gut barrier was protected. In conclusion, Oct-H can relieve clinical symptoms, modulate the gut bacteria and protect the intestinal barrier in UC mice, suggesting the potential of Oct as a food supplementation in alleviating UC. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a hard-to-cure disease, with increasing morbidity in recent years. Therefore, finding out a food supplement to alleviate UC is very meaningful. In this work, we showed that octacosanol significantly alleviated ulcerative colitis in mice. We revealed, for the first time, octacosanol's effects on protecting the integrity of the gut barrier, modulating the intestinal flora and its metabolism (SCFAs). Therefore, octacosanol was expected to prevent colitis in an all-round way. Our research might also lay the theoretical foundation for the further development of related functional foods.

19.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer risk has been associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), a surrogate indicator for unhealthy lifestyles, and a number of genetic loci, but the combined effect of MetS and genetic variants on GI cancer risk is uncertain. METHODS: We included 430,036 participants with available MetS and genotype data from UK Biobank. During the follow-up time, 5494 incident GI cancer cases, including esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, and colorectal cancer, were identified. We created a GI polygenic risk score (GI-PRS) for overall GI cancer derived from three site-specific cancer PRSs. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the associations of MetS and GI-PRS with the risk of GI cancer. RESULTS: MetS was significantly associated with 28% increment in GI cancer risk (hazard ratio [HR]MetS vs. non-MetS : 1.28, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.21-1.35, p < 0.0001), whereas a high GI-PRS (top quintile) was associated with 2.28-fold increase in risk (HRhigh vs. low : 2.28, 95% CI: 2.09-2.49, p < 0.0001). Compared with participants without MetS and at low genetic risk (bottom quintile of GI-PRS), those with MetS and at high genetic risk had 2.75-fold increase in GI cancer risk (HR: 2.75, 95% CI: 2.43-3.12, p < 0.0001). Additionally, MetS in comparison with no MetS had 1.49‰, 2.75‰, and 3.37‰ absolute risk increases in 5 years among participants at low, intermediate (quintiles 2-4 of GI-PRS) and high genetic risk, respectively, representing the number of subjects diagnosed as MetS causing a new GI cancer case in 5 years were 669, 364, and 296, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic and genetic factors may jointly contribute to GI cancer risk and may serve as predictors by quantitative measurements to identify high-risk populations of GI cancer for precise prevention.

20.
J Thorac Oncol ; 17(8): 974-990, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500836

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although genome-wide association studies have been conducted to investigate genetic variation of lung tumorigenesis, little is known about gene-gene (G × G) interactions that may influence the risk of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Leveraging a total of 445,221 European-descent participants from the International Lung Cancer Consortium OncoArray project, Transdisciplinary Research in Cancer of the Lung and UK Biobank, we performed a large-scale genome-wide G × G interaction study on European NSCLC risk by a series of analyses. First, we used BiForce to evaluate and rank more than 58 billion G × G interactions from 340,958 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Then, the top interactions were further tested by demographically adjusted logistic regression models. Finally, we used the selected interactions to build lung cancer screening models of NSCLC, separately, for never and ever smokers. RESULTS: With the Bonferroni correction, we identified eight statistically significant pairs of SNPs, which predominantly appeared in the 6p21.32 and 5p15.33 regions (e.g., rs521828C6orf10 and rs204999PRRT1, ORinteraction = 1.17, p = 6.57 × 10-13; rs3135369BTNL2 and rs2858859HLA-DQA1, ORinteraction = 1.17, p = 2.43 × 10-13; rs2858859HLA-DQA1 and rs9275572HLA-DQA2, ORinteraction = 1.15, p = 2.84 × 10-13; rs2853668TERT and rs62329694CLPTM1L, ORinteraction = 0.73, p = 2.70 × 10-13). Notably, even with much genetic heterogeneity across ethnicities, three pairs of SNPs in the 6p21.32 region identified from the European-ancestry population remained significant among an Asian population from the Nanjing Medical University Global Screening Array project (rs521828C6orf10 and rs204999PRRT1, ORinteraction = 1.13, p = 0.008; rs3135369BTNL2 and rs2858859HLA-DQA1, ORinteraction = 1.11, p = 5.23 × 10-4; rs3135369BTNL2 and rs9271300HLA-DQA1, ORinteraction = 0.89, p = 0.006). The interaction-empowered polygenetic risk score that integrated classical polygenetic risk score and G × G information score was remarkable in lung cancer risk stratification. CONCLUSIONS: Important G × G interactions were identified and enriched in the 5p15.33 and 6p21.32 regions, which may enhance lung cancer screening models.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...