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J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 78: 116-123, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29156290


Study of the properties of natural biomaterials provides a reliable experimental basis for the design of biomimetic materials. The mechanical properties and impact wear behaviors of turtle shell with different soaking time were investigated on a micro-amplitude impact wear tester. The damage behavior of turtle shells with different soaking time and impact cycles were systematically analyzed, also the impact dynamics behavior was inspected during the impact wear progress. The results showed that the energy absorption and impact contact force were significantly different with varied soaking time. Under different impact cycles, the peak contact force of shell samples with same soaking time were approximate to each other in value and the values of impact contact time change in a small range. However, the damage extent of shells were distinct with varied impact cycles. It was found that impact worn scars of shells increase with impact cycles increasing. However, under the same impact cycles, energy absorption and contact time increased with the extending of soaking time, but the peak contact force decrease. Especially shell without soaking, the absorption rate is the lowest.

Exoesqueleto/metabolismo , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Tartarugas/anatomia & histologia , Água/metabolismo , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Teste de Materiais
PLoS One ; 11(4): e0152143, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27054762


A ball-on-plate wear test was employed to investigate the effectiveness of graphene (GP) nanoparticles dispersed in a synthetic-oil-based lubricant in reducing wear. The effect by area ratio of elliptically shaped dimple textures and elevated temperatures were also explored. Pure PAO4 based oil and a mixture of this oil with 0.01 wt% GP were compared as lubricants. At pit area ratio of 5%, GP-base oil effectively reduced friction and wear, especially at 60 and 100 °C. Under pure PAO4 oil lubrication, the untextured surfaces gained low friction coefficients (COFs) and wear rates under 60 and 100 °C. With increasing laser--texture area ratio, the COF and wear rate decreased at 25 and 150 °C but increased at 60 and 100 °C. Under the GP-based oil lubrication, the textured surface with 5% area ratio achieved the lowest COF among those of the area ratios tested at all test temperatures. Meanwhile, the textured surface with 20% area ratio obtained the highest COF among those of the area ratios. With the joint action of GP and texture, the textured surface with 10% area ratio exhibited the best anti-wear performance among all of the textured surfaces at all test temperatures.

Grafite/química , Prótese de Quadril , Lubrificantes/química , Lubrificação/métodos , Teste de Materiais , Óleos/química , Fricção , Humanos , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície