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1.
Eur J Neurol ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to screen the circular RNAs (circRNAs) influencing matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) through the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network and evaluate the prognostic value of these circRNAs for acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: A total of 220 ischemic stroke patients and 62 healthy subjects were included in this study. RNA was isolated from blood collected in PAXgene tubes. Illumina sequencing, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) validation, and luciferase reporter assay were explored to construct and verify the existence of a circRNA-microRNA (miRNA)-matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) network. The 215 ischemic stroke patients were recruited in a prognostic cohort. They were prospectively followed up for 3 months after stroke onset, and a poor functional outcome was defined as a major disability or death. RESULTS: After Illumina sequencing, six circRNAs were predicted to bind miRNAs and then regulate MMP9 messenger RNA (mRNA). qRT-PCR showed that only circSKA3 was significantly increased in ischemic stroke patients compared to healthy controls and positively associated with MMP9 mRNA expression. Luciferase reporter assay further verified a direct interaction between circSKA3, MMP9, and hsa-miR-6796-5p. Patients in the top tertile of circSKA3 had a 2.672-fold (p < 0.05) risk of poor functional outcome, compared with those in the bottom tertile (p for trend = 0.016). The outcome was predicted by circSKA3 with area under the receiver operating characteristic curve at 0.614 (p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: circSKA3 functioned as a ceRNA for hsa-miR-6796-5p to aggravate the progression of ischemic stroke via targeting MMP9. Baseline circSKA3 was positively associated with poor outcomes of ischemic stroke. circSKA3 may be a potential biomarker or therapeutic target in ischemic stroke.

2.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 751382, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745055

RESUMO

Porcine circovirus type 4 (PCV4) is an emerging etiological agent which was first detected in 2019. The nucleolar localization signal (NoLS) of PCV4 Cap protein and its binding host cellular proteins are still not elucidated. In the present study, we discovered a distinct novel NoLS of PCV4 Cap, which bound to the nucleolar phosphoprotein nucleophosmin-1 (NPM1). The NoLS of PCV4 Cap and serine-48 residue at the N-terminal oligomerization domain of NPM1 were necessary for PCV4 Cap/NPM1 interaction. Furthermore, the charge property of serine residue at position 48 of the NPM1 was crucial for its oligomerization and interaction with PCV4 Cap. In summary, our findings show for the first time that the PCV4 Cap NoLS and the NPM1 oligomerization determine the interaction of Cap/NPM1.

3.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657384

RESUMO

Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), an Avibirnavirus, is the pathogen of infectious bursal disease, which is a severely immunosuppressive disease in 3-15-week-old chickens. Different phenotypes of IBDV, including classical, variant, very virulent (vv) and attenuated IBDV, have been reported in many chicken-rearing countries worldwide. Here, we isolated and identified a naturally reassortant and recombinant IBDV (designated GXB02) from 20-day-old chickens with clinicopathological changes of infectious bursal disease (IBD) in Guangxi Province, China. Whole genomic sequencing showed that the strain GXB02 simultaneously has both reassortant and recombinant characteristics with segments A and B being derived from recombinant intermediate vaccine strain and classic strains of IBDV. Segment A of strain GXB02 was incorporated into the skeleton of an intermediate IBDV vaccine strain (W2512), where the breakpoints of two recombinant events located at nucleotide positions 1468 and 1648 were replaced by reassortant vvIBDV (PK2) and vvIBDV (D6948) of segment A, respectively. We used this GXB02 strain to inoculate 21-day-old specific-pathogen-free chickens to evaluate its pathogenicity. Strain GXB02 has clinicopathologic characteristics of IBD with severe bursal lesions, as evidenced by necrosis, depletion of lymphocytes, and follicle atrophy, indicating that reassortment with classical strains in segment B or/and recombination with very virulent strains increased pathogenicity of the strain GXB02 in chickens. These findings provide important insights into the genetic exchange between classic and attenuated strains of IBDV with two recombinant events occurring at the intermediate derivative segment A with vvIBDV strains, thereby increasing the difficulty of prevention and control of IBD due to novel reassortant-recombinant strains.

4.
Opt Express ; 29(18): 28725-28740, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614996

RESUMO

Microwave photonic filters (MPFs) with only one ultra-narrow passband are able to provide high frequency selectivity and wide spectral range, and they are of great importance in radio-frequency (RF) signal processing. However, currently all MPFs are limited by trade-offs between key parameters such as spectral resolution and range, tunability, and stability. Here, we report the first demonstration of a single passband MPF with unprecedented performance including ultrahigh spectral resolution of 650 kHz, 0-40 GHz spectral range, and high stability of center frequency drifting within ±50 kHz. This record performance is accomplished by breaking the amplitude equality of a phase-modulated signal via a Brillouin dynamic grating (BDG) which has an ultra-narrow reflection spectrum of sub-MHz. The results point to new ways of creating high performance microwave photonic systems, such as satellite and mobile communications, radars, and remote-sensing systems.

5.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 9058-9069, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698000

RESUMO

Numerous studies have manifested that cicular RNA (circRNA) is closely associated with the development of breast cancer (BC), but the specific mechanism has not been fully clarified. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of circCNOT2 on BC invasion, migration and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its potential molecular mechanism. The results assured that circCNOT2 and Twist Family BHLH Transcription Factor (TWIST1) were elevated in BC, while microrNA (miR)-409-3p was reduced. CircCNOT2 was positively correlated with TWIST1 and negatively correlated with miR-409-3p. Elevated circCNOT2 is associated with poor prognosis of BC. Knockdown circCNOT2 or augmented miR-409-3p could promote apoptosis but repress proliferation, invasion, migration and EMT of BC cells. In addition, overexpression of circCNOT2 or TWIST1 accelerated BC invasion, migration and EMT, which could be reversed by simultaneous transfection of miR-409-3p-mimic. Further dual luciferase reporting and RNA-pull down assay clarified that circCNOT2 acted as a competing endogenous RNA of miR-409-3p to mediate TWIST1 expression. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that circCNOT2 affects the biological behavior of BC via regulating the miR-409-3p/TWIST1 axis, and may be applied as a potential therapeutic target for BC later.

6.
Tissue Eng Part C Methods ; 27(11): 573-588, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670397

RESUMO

Distinguishing from other traditional imaging, synchrotron radiation microcomputed tomography (SR-µCT) imaging allows for the visualization of three-dimensional objects of interest in a nondestructive and/or in situ way with better spatial resolution, deep penetration, relatively fast speed, and/or high contrast. SR-µCT has been illustrated promising for visualizing and characterizing tissue scaffolds for repairing or replacing damaged tissue or organs in tissue engineering (TE), which is of particular advance for longitudinal monitoring and tracking the success of scaffolds once implanted in animal models and/or human patients. This article presents a comprehensive review on recent studies of characterization of scaffolds based on SR-µCT and takes scaffold architectural properties, mechanical properties, degradation, swelling and wettability, and biological properties as five separate sections to introduce SR-µCT wide applications. We also discuss and highlight the unique opportunities of SR-µCT in various TE applications; conclude this article with the suggested future research directions, including the prospective applications of SR-µCT, along with its challenges and methods for improvement in the field of TE.

7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(18): 22556-22570, 2021 09 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify if AngII/NOX/ROS/MAPK signaling pathway is involved in Doxorubicin (DOX)-induced myocardial injury and if mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could enhance the protective effects of valsartan (Val) on attenuating DOX-induced injury in vitro. METHODS: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and the protein expression of AT1R, NOX2, NOX4, caspase-3, caspase-9 and MAPK signaling were assessed in H9c2 cardiomyocytes exposed to DOX for 24 h in the absence or presence of Val, NADPH oxidase inhibitor DPI or knockdown and overexpression of NADPH oxidase subunit: NOX2 and NOX4, co-culture with MSCs, respectively. Finally, MTT assay was used to determine the cell viability of H9c2 cells, MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and A549 pulmonary cancer cells under Val, DOX and Val+ DOX treatments. RESULTS: DOX increased ROS formation and upregulated proteins expression of AT1R, NOX2, NOX4, caspase-3, caspase-9 and MAPK signaling including p-p38, p-JNK, p-ERK in H9c2 cells. These effects could be attenuated by Val, DPI, NOX2 siRNA and NOX4 siRNA. Meanwhile, overexpression of NOX2 and NOX4 could significantly increase DOX-induced ROS formation and further upregulate apoptotic protein expressions and protein expressions of MAPK signaling. MSCs on top of Val further enhanced the protective effects of Val on reducing the DOX-induced ROS formation and downregulating the expression of apoptotic proteins and MAPK signaling as compared with Val alone in DOX-treated H9c2 cells. Simultaneous Val and DOX treatment did not affect cell viability of DOX-treated MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells or A549 pulmonary cancer cells but significantly improved cell viability of DOX-treated H9c2 cardiomyocytes. CONCLUSIONS: AT1R/NOX/ROS/MAPK signaling pathway is involved in DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. Val treatment significantly attenuated DOX-induced cardiotoxicity, without affecting the anti-tumor effect of DOX. MSCs enhance the protective effects of Val on reducing the DOX-induced toxicity in H9c2 cells.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125842, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469819

RESUMO

This study explored the effects of single-stage inoculation (SSI) versus two-stage inoculation (TSI) on organic carbon components, product quality and fungal community during co-composting of cattle manure and rice straw. Both inoculation methods accelerated the temperature increase and elevated the composting temperature. TSI resulted in a second fermentation stage and extended the thermophilic stage from 22 to 29 days. Compared with SSI, TSI promoted the degradation degree of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin by 25.9%, 16.5% and 47.4%, and increased the content of total nutrients and humus carbon by 5.9% and 10.5% in final products, respectively. TSI significantly increased the relative abundance of Aspergillus, Trichoderma, Neurospora, Mycothermus, Malbranchea and Gloeophyllum in the second fermentation stage. Spearman correlation analysis indicated that Aspergillus, Neurospora, Trichoderma and Gloeophyllum were the key fungi for lignocellulose degradation and humification. Redundancy analysis showed that temperature was the major environmental factor affecting fungal community succession in TSI.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Micobioma , Oryza , Trichoderma , Animais , Carbono , Bovinos , Esterco , Solo
9.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 9: 2050313X211042991, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484794

RESUMO

Although alectinib is a well-tolerated and highly effective inhibitor of a second-generation anaplastic lymphoma kinase, special attention should be paid to the possibility of potentially severe and fatal adverse events such as interstitial pneumonia. We report a case of a patient with advanced non-small cell lung cancer treated with alectinib who developed immunohistochemically positive anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK(IHC +)) . However, due to the rapid emergence of drug-induced interstitial lung disease, alectinib treatment was halted. Once the interstitial lung disease had been successfully treated, we reluctantly chose crizotinib as a second-line treatment for ALK + NSCLC in this patient as he refused all other available treatments. Contrary to expectation, crizotinib performed well both in terms of its safety and efficacy. Our results suggest that crizotinib may provide a promising therapy option for patients with ALK + NSCLC accompanied by alectinib-induced interstitial lung disease. To our knowledge, this is a rare report of successful treatment of ALK + NSCLC with crizotinib after alectinib-induced interstitial lung disease.

10.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(8): 2825-2835, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472300

RESUMO

Biosynthesis of nanomaterials has attracted much attention for its excellent characteristics such as low energy consumption, high safety, and environmental friendliness. As we all know, the toxic selenite can be transformed into higher-value nanomaterials by using bacteria. In this study, nano-selenium was synthesized by halophilic Bacillus subtilis subspecies stercoris strain XP in LB medium supplemented with selenite (electron acceptor). The physicochemical characteristics of nano-selenium were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectral analysis (EDAX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Meanwhile, the antifungal activity of nano-selenium to strawberry pathogens (fusarium wilt, erythema, and purple spot fungi) was determined. The products from reduction of selenite by strain XP was amorphous spherical selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with a diameter range of 135-165 nm. The production of SeNPs was positively correlated with time (0-48 h) and no changes were observed on cell morphology. Selenium was dominant in the surface of SeNPs where the organic elements (C, O, N, and S) existed at the same time. SeNPs were coated with biomolecules containing functional groups (such as -OH, C=O, N-H, and C-H) which were associated with the stability and bioactivity of particles. Although the highest concentration of SeNPs had significant (P<0.05) inhibitory effects on three strains of strawberry pathogens, antifungal activity to erythema and fusarium wilt pathogenic fungi was higher than that to purple spot pathogenic fungi from strawberry. In conclusion, strain XP not only has strong tolerance to high salt stress, but can be also used to synthesize biological SeNPs with good stability and biological activity. Thus, the strain XP has bright perspectives and great potential advantage in pathogens control and green selenium-rich strawberry planting as well as other fields.


Assuntos
Fragaria , Nanopartículas , Selênio , Bacillus subtilis , Ácido Selenioso
11.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9970817, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527747

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples or lung biopsy specimens from which suspected pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients have no sputum or negative smear. Materials and Methods: Sputum-scarce or smear-negative cases with suspected PTB (n = 107) were analyzed from January 2018 to June 2020. We collected BALF or lung tissue biopsy samples with these cases of suspected TB during hospitalization. The diagnostic accuracy of mNGS for these samples was compared with those of conventional tests or the T-SPOT.TB assay. Results: 46 cases of PTB patients and 61 cases of non-PTB patients were finally enrolled and analyzed. mNGS exhibited a sensitivity of 89.13%, which was higher than conventional tests (67.39%) but equivalent to those of the T-SPOT.TB assay alone (76.09%) or T-SPOT.TB assay in combination with conventional tests (91.30%). The specificity of mNGS was 98.36%, similar to conventional tests (95.08%) but significantly higher than those of the T-SPOT.TB assay alone (65.57%) or the T-SPOT.TB assay in combination with conventional tests (63.93%). There was no significant difference in the diagnostic accuracy of mNGS in BALF samples and lung biopsy tissue specimens. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that mNGS could offer improved detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in BALF or lung tissue biopsy samples in sputum-scarce or smear-negative cases with suspected PTB.


Assuntos
Genoma Bacteriano , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/normas , Pulmão/microbiologia , Metagenoma , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/microbiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Reações Falso-Negativas , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Microscopia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Escarro/microbiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/microbiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/patologia
12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 5575621, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435046

RESUMO

Background: Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the underlying pharmacological mechanisms of the effects of TwHF on CVD remain elusive. This study revealed the pharmacological mechanisms of TwHF acting on CVD based on a pharmacology approach. Materials and Methods: The active compounds were selected from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP) database according to the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME). The potential targets of TwHF were obtained from the SwissTargetPrediction database. The CVD-related therapeutic targets were collected from the DrugBank, the GeneCards database, and the OMIM database. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was generated by the STITCH database. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed by R package. The network of drug-targets-diseases-pathways was constructed by the Cytoscape software. Results: The 41 effective ingredients of TwHF and the 178 common targets of TwHF and CVD-related were collected. Furthermore, AKT1, amyloid precursor protein (APP), mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA), and cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53) were identified as the core targets involved in the mechanism of TwHF on CVD. Top ten GO (biological processes, cellular components, and molecular functions) and KEGG pathways were screened with a P value ≤0.01. Finally, we constructed the network of TwHF-targets-CVD-GO-KEGG. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that the main active compound of TwHF, the core targets, and pathways maybe provide new insights into the development of a natural therapy for the prevention and treatment of CVD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Tripterygium/química , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 77: 105697, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388491

RESUMO

Gaining an in-depth understanding of the characteristics and dynamics of ultrasound (US)--generated bubbles is crucial to effectively remediate membrane fouling. The goal of present study is to conduct in-situ visualization of US-generated microbubbles in water to examine the influence of US frequency on the dynamics of microbubbles. This study utilized synchrotron in-line phase contrast imaging (In-line PCI) available at the biomedical imaging and therapy (BMIT) beamlines at the Canadian Light Source (CLS) to enhance the contrast of liquid/air interfaces at different US frequencies of 20, 28 and 40 KHz at 60 Watts. A high-speed camera was used to capture 2,000 frames per second of the bubble cavitation generated in water under the ultrasound influence. Key parameters at the polychromatic beamlines were optimized to maximize the phase contrast of gas/liquid of the microbubbles with a minimum size of 5.5 µm. ImageJ software was used to analyze the bubble characteristics and their behavior under the US exposure including the microbubble number, size, and fraction of the total area occupied by the bubbles at each US frequency. Furthermore, the bubble characteristics over the US exposure time and at different distances from the transducer were studied. The qualitative and quantitative data analyses showed that the microbubble number or size did not change over time; however, it was observed that most bubbles were created at the middle of the frames and close to the US field. The number of bubbles created under the US exposure increased with the frequency from 20 kHz to 40 kHz (about 4.6 times). However, larger bubbles were generated at 20 kHz such that the average bubble radius at 20 kHz was about 6.8 times of that at 40 kHz. Microbubble movement/traveling through water was monitored, and it was observed that the bubble velocity increased as the frequency was increased from 20 kHz to 40 kHz. The small bubbles moved faster, and the majority of them traveled upward towards the US transducer location. The growth pattern (a correlation between the mean growth ratio and the exposure time) of bubbles at 20 kHz and 60 W was obtained by tracking the oscillation of 22 representative microbubbles over the 700 ms of imaging. The mean growth ratio model was also obtained.

14.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390348

RESUMO

Stapled antimicrobial peptides are an emerging class of artificial cyclic peptide molecules which have antimicrobial activity and potent structure stability. We previously published the Data Repository of Antimicrobial Peptides (DRAMP) as a manually annotated and open-access database of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). In the update of version 3.0, special emphasis was placed on the new development of stapled AMPs, and a subclass of specific AMPs was added to store information on these special chemically modified AMPs. To help design low toxicity AMPs, we also added the cytotoxicity property of AMPs, as well as the expansion of newly discovered AMP data. At present, DRAMP has been expanded and contains 22259 entries (2360 newly added), consisting of 5891 general entries, 16110 patent entries, 77 clinical entries and 181 stapled AMPs. A total of 263 entries have predicted structures, and more than 300 general entries have links to experimentally determined structures in the Protein Data Bank. The update also covers new annotations, statistics, categories, functions and download links. DRAMP is available online at http://dramp.cpu-bioinfor.org/.

15.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(4)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435649

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF), a clinically common heart arrhythmia, can result in left ventricular hypofunction, embolism and infarction. MicroRNA (miR)­101a­3p is lowly expressed in atrial tissues of patients with AF, but its role in AF remains unknown. In the present study, an AF model in rats was established via intravenous injection of acetylcholine (Ach)­CaCl2. The downregulation of miR­101a­3p and upregulation of enhancer of zeste 2 homolog 2 (EZH2) were observed in AF model rats, indicating the involvement of miR­101a­3p and EZH2 in AF development. To study the effect of miR­101a­3p on AF in vivo, AF model rats were intramyocardially injected with lentivirus expressing miR­101a­3p. Electrocardiogram analysis identified that miR­101a­3p overexpression restored disappeared P wave and R­R interphase changes in Ach­CaCl2­induced rats. Overexpression of miR­101a­3p also increased the atrial effective refractory period, reduced AF incidence and shortened duration of AF. Histological changes in atrial tissues were observed after H&E and Masson staining, which demonstrated that miR­101a­3p reduced atrial remodeling and fibrosis in AF model rats. Moreover, EZH2 expression was downregulated in atrial tissues by miR­101a­3p induction. Immunohistochemistry for collagen Ⅰ and collagen III revealed a reduction in atrial collagen synthesis following miR­101a­3p overexpression in AF model rats. Additionally, miR­101a­3p lowered the expression of pro­fibrotic biomarkers, including TGF­ß1, connective tissue growth factor, fibronectin and α­smooth muscle actin. The luciferase reporter assay results also indicated that EZH2 was a target gene of miR­101a­3p. Taken together, it was found that miR­101a­3p prevented AF in rats possibly via inhibition of collagen synthesis and atrial fibrosis by targeting EZH2, which provided a potential target for preventing AF.

16.
Chem Sci ; 12(27): 9432-9441, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349917

RESUMO

Dihydrophenazines and their analogues have been widely used as strong reducing photoredox catalysts in radical chemistry, such as organocatalyzed atom transfer radical polymerization (O-ATRP). However, when dihydrophenazines were employed as organic photoredox catalysts (OPCs) to mediate O-ATRP, the initiator efficiency was nonquantitative due to cross-coupling between dihydrophenazines and radical species. Here, a new kind of core modification for dihydrophenazines, phenoxazines and phenothiazines was developed through this cross-coupling process. Mechanistic studies suggested that the radical species would be more likely to couple with OPC' radical cations rather than the ground-state OPC. Core modification of OPCs could stabilize the radical ions in an oxidative quenching catalytic cycle. Significantly, core modifications of OPCs could lower the energy of light required for photoexcitation. Compared with their noncore-modified counterparts, all the core-modified dihydrophenazines and phenoxazines exhibited efficient performance in controlling O-ATRP for the synthesis of poly(methyl methacrylate) with higher initiator efficiencies under the irradiation of simulated sunlight.

17.
Am J Cancer Res ; 11(6): 2769-2781, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249427

RESUMO

The survival of patients with RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has improved markedly since the introduction of cetuximab, which is an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody. However, not all RAS wild-type patients respond to cetuximab treatment. Although some genetic alterations associated with cetuximab resistance have been identified, they cannot fully explain all cases of cetuximab resistance. Thus, in this research, we aimed to identify new genetic alterations associated with resistance to this treatment. The study retrospectively analyzed 70 patients diagnosed with RAS wild-type mCRC at our hospital between November 2009 and July 2018. First, five progression-free survival (PFS)-longest and 5 PFS-shortest tumor deoxyribonucleic acid were analyzed by whole-exome sequencing (WES) to identify differentially mutated genes. Then, PFS analysis of the 70 patients was used to verify the correlation between the candidate gene and cetuximab sensitivity. Finally, data from public databases were used to further verify the relationship between the mRNA expression level of the candidate gene and cetuximab responsiveness. The WES results indicated REV1: c.2108G > A was a candidate gene mutation related to the effectiveness of cetuximab. Survival analysis suggested REV1: c.2108G > A was associated with rapid disease progression (median PFS time, REV1 mutant vs. REV1 wild-type: 4.4 months vs. 8.7 months, P = 0.034). Data from the Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer and the Gene Expression Omnibus databases suggested low REV1 mRNA levels might be related to the poor response of CRC cells and reduced cetuximab efficacy among mCRC patients. In conclusion, REV1 expression levels and the REV1: c.2108G > A mutation may be related to cetuximab resistance in RAS wild-type mCRC.

18.
Dalton Trans ; 50(29): 10214-10224, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232237

RESUMO

Six Cu(i) complexes, [Cu(2,3-f)(bdppmapy)]BF4 (1), [Cu(2,3-f)(bdppmapy)]ClO4 (2), [Cu(2,3-f)(bdppmapy)]CF3SO3 (3), [Cu(imidazo[4,5-f])(bdppmapy)]BF4 (4), [Cu(imidazo[4,5-f])(bdppmapy)]ClO4 (5), and [Cu(imidazo[4,5-f])(bdppmapy)]CF3SO3·MeOH (6·MeOH) (bdppmapy = N,N-bis[(diphenylphosphino)methyl]-2-pyridinamine, 2,3-f = pyrazine[2,3-f][1,10]-phenanthroline, and imidazo[4,5-f] = 1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]-phenanthroline), have been synthesized to explore the effects of counteranions on their crystal structures, photophysical properties, and terahertz (THz) spectra. Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) shows that the luminescence performance of these complexes is attributed to the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) in combination with ligand-to-ligand charge transfer (LLCT). In complexes 1-3, the characteristic peak at 1.4 THz is mainly related to the C-Hπ interaction formed by the H atom on the 4#/5# position of 2,3-f and the benzene ring from the bdppmapy on the adjacent asymmetric unit. The common C-Hπ interaction enhances the rigidity of the structure and has non-negligible influence on the photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs): the stronger the C-Hπ interaction is, the higher the quantum yield (QY) is. In complexes 4-6, similar absorption peaks (1.10-1.30 THz) are mainly related to the C-Hπ interactions, and strong absorption peaks (1.50-1.90 THz) are affected by the typical hydrogen bonds N-HF/O and O-HO. These results show that some weak interactions can be characterized by THz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). So, the THz spectroscopy method would make it possible to tune some of the weak interactions in complex structures to regulate the luminescence of materials.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(59): 7272-7275, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195708

RESUMO

The first copper-catalyzed [3+2]-type condensation reaction of α,ß-unsaturated ketoximes with activated ketones has been described for the synthesis of dihydrooxazoles, especially trifluoromethyl-decorated dihydrooxazoles. Notable features of this method include its broad substrate scope, good functional group tolerance, and simple operation.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; 337: 125427, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217022

RESUMO

The present study investigated the effect of brown-rot fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum inoculation on lignocellulose degradation, enzyme activities and fungal community during co-composting of swine manure and wheat straw. G. trabeum inoculation shortened the maturation period of composting from 39 to 30 days. Composting piles inoculated with G. trabeum showed a higher degree of maturity as indicated by 31.6% lower C/N ratio and 29.4% higher GI. The decomposition rate of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin was increased by 181.1%, 49.4% and 109.4%, respectively, due to higher activities of filter paper enzyme, xylanase, manganese peroxidase and laccase. Redundancy analysis showed that inoculating G. trabeum influenced the succession of fungal communities by changing the main physicochemical parameters, resulting in the increased relative abundance of Aspergillus, Mycothermus and Melanocarpus. Pearson correlation analysis indicated that more dominant fungal genera were involved in the production of lignocellulose-degrading enzymes after G. trabeum inoculation.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Animais , Basidiomycota , Fungos , Lignina , Esterco , Solo , Suínos
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