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1.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807641

RESUMO

Due to their outstanding optical properties and superior charge carrier mobilities, organometal halide perovskites have been widely investigated in photodetection and solar cell areas. In perovskites photodetection devices, their high optical absorption and excellent quantum efficiency contribute to the responsivity, even the specific detectivity. In this work, we developed a lateral phototransistor based on mesoscopic graphene/perovskite heterojunctions. Graphene nanowall shows a porous structure, and the spaces between graphene nanowall are much appropriated for perovskite crystalline to mount in. Hot carriers are excited in perovskite, which is followed by the holes' transfer to the graphene layer through the interfacial efficiently. Therefore, graphene plays the role of holes' collecting material and carriers' transporting channel. This charge transfer process is also verified by the luminescence spectra. We used the hybrid film to build phototransistor, which performed a high responsivity and specific detectivity of 2.0 × 103 A/W and 7.2 × 1010 Jones, respectively. To understand the photoconductive mechanism, the perovskite's passivation and the graphene photogating effect are proposed to contribute to the device's performance. This study provides new routes for the application of perovskite film in photodetection.

2.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(2): 189-91, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788468

RESUMO

Professor SUN Shen-tian's academic thought and clinical experience of acupuncture for peripheral facial paralysis are summarized. According to the different stages of facial paralysis, professor SUN 's treatment plan has its own emphasis. In the acute stage, professor SUN emphasizes the importance of standardized western medicine treatment, and proposes early acupuncture treatment. The treatment mainly focuses on dispersing wind and cold, promoting blood circulation and dredging collaterals. In the recovery stage, professor SUN emphasizes the method of "pulling the sticking needle", and applies repeated transcranial acupuncture according to the functional orientation of cerebral cortex. In the sequelae stage, professor SUN emphasizes the value of regulating the mind. In the course of treatment, professor SUN highly values the use of flexible acupoint selection, repeated transcranial acupuncture, "pulling the sticking needle" method, acupoint pressing and giant-needle method, combined with electroacupuncture and targeted injection. In addition, based on the clinical experience, professor SUN summarizes the common methods to estimate the prognosis of peripheral facial paralysis.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Paralisia Facial , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Paralisia Facial/terapia , Humanos
3.
Mol Cell Probes ; 57: 101726, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789126

RESUMO

Vibrio vulnificus (V. vulnificus) is a Gram-negative bacterium living in warm and salty water. This marine bacterium could produce hemolysin (VVH), which often causes serious gastroenteritis or septicemia when people contact to seawater or seafood containing V. vulnificus. Timely diagnosis is regard as essential to disease surveillance. In this paper, we aimed at developing a quick and sensitive method for the detection of Vibrio vulnificus using real time recombinase polymerase amplification (real time RPA). Specific primers and an exo probe were designed on the basis of the vvhA gene sequence available in GenBank. Target DNA could be amplified and labeled with specific fluorophore within 20 min at 38 °C. The method exhibited a high specificity, only detecting Vibrio vulnificus and not showing cross-reaction with other bacteria. The sensitivity of this method was 2 pg per reaction (20 µL) for DNA, or 200 copies per reaction (20 µL) for standard plasmid. The detection limit (LOD) stated as the target level that would be detected 95% of the time and estimated was 1.58 × 102 copies by fit of the probit to the results of 8 replicates in different concentration. For quantitative analysis of the real time RPA, the second order polynomial regression was adopted in our study. The results showed the correlation coefficients were raised above 0.98, which suggested this model might be a better choice for the quantitative analysis of real time RPA compared to the routine linear regression model. For artificially contaminated plasma samples, Vibrio vulnificus could be detected within 16 min by real time RPA at concentration as low as 1.2 × 102 CFU/mL or 2.4 CFU per reaction (20 µL). Thus, the real time RPA method established in this study shows great potential for detecting Vibrio vulnificus in the research laboratory and disease diagnosis.

4.
Cancer Med ; 10(6): 2100-2111, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To study the influence of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on the incidence of microvascular invasion (MVI) and long-term survival outcomes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. METHODS: Between January 1, 2010 and December 1, 2014, consecutive HCC patients who underwent curative liver resection were enrolled in this study. Univariable and multivariable regression analyses were used to identify independent predictive factors of MVI. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to compare the incidences of MVI and prognosis between patients who did and did not receive preoperative TACE. Factors associated with Disease-Free Survival (DFS) and Overall survival (OS) were identified using Cox regression analyses. RESULTS: Of 1624 patients, 590 received preoperative TACE. The incidence of MVI was significantly lower in patients with preoperative TACE than those without preoperative TACE (39.15% vs. 45.36%, p = 0.015). After PSM, the incidences of MVI were similar in the two groups (38.85% vs. 41.10%, p = 0.473). Multivariable regression analysis revealed preoperative TACE to have no impact on the incidence of MVI. Before PSM, survival of patients with preoperative TACE was significantly worse than those without preoperative TACE (p = 0.032 for DFS and p = 0.027 for OS). After PSM, the difference became insignificant (p = 0.465 for DFS and p = 0.307 for OS). After adjustment for other prognostic variables in the propensity-matched cohort, preoperative TACE was still found not to be associated with DFS and OS after HCC resection. Both before and after PSM, the prognosis of patients was not significantly different between the two groups for BCLC stages 0, A, and B. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative TACE did not influence the incidence of MVI and prognosis of patients with HCC who underwent 'curative' liver resection.

5.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(1): 25-31, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678633

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chondrocyte apoptosis is an important process in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. Mangiferin exerts multiple pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis. However, the role of mangiferin in chondrocyte apoptosis is not clear. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of mangiferin in IL-1ß-induced chondrocyte apoptosis. METHODS: ATDC5 cells were randomly divided into a control group, a IL-1ß group, a MFN-L group, a MFN-M group, a MFN-H group and a MFN+LY294002 group. Cells in the control group were treated with IL-1ß (10 ng/mL) for 24 h; cells in the MFN-L group, the MFN-M group and the MFN-H group were pretreated with 5, 10 and 20 µmol/L mangiferin for 1 h respectively, and then they were treated with IL-1ß (10 ng/mL) for 24 h; cells in the MFN+LY294002 group were treated with LY294002 (25 µmol/L) for 1 h, then mangiferin (20 µmol/L) and IL-1ß (10 ng/mL) for 1 h and 24 h, respectively. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay and cell apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry. Colorimetric assay was conducted to measure the caspase-3 activity. The protein levels of Bcl-2, Bax, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway related proteins were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, cell viability was significantly decreased; cell apoptosis, caspase-3 activity and Bax protein expression were significantly increased; the protein levels of Bcl-2, p-PI3K, and p-Akt were significantly decreased in the IL-1ß group (all P<0.05). Compared to the IL-1ß group, cell viability was significantly increased; cell apoptosis, caspase-3 activity and Bax protein expression were significantly decreased; the protein levels of Bcl-2, p-PI3K, and p-Akt were significantly increased in the MFN-L, the MFN-M and the MFN-H groups (all P<0.05). Compared to the MFN-M group, cell apoptosis and the protein level of Bax in the MFN+LY294002 group were significantly increased; the Bcl-2 protein expression was significantly decreased (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Mangiferin could attenuate IL-1ß-induced apoptosis of the mice chondrocytes, which is mediated by the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Condrócitos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Animais , Apoptose , Interleucina-1beta , Camundongos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Xantonas
6.
J Int Med Res ; 49(2): 300060521996873, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641494

RESUMO

Pharyngeal teratomas are very rare congenital tumours derived from pluripotent stem cells. Surgical resection is the main treatment to avoid breathing and feeding difficulties. This current case report describes two newborn infants with congenital oropharyngeal teratomas. In one of the infants, the tumour presented along with a cleft tongue and cleft palate. Prenatal diagnosis by ultrasonography did not identify the tumours because the masses were small and there was no polyhydramnios. Both cases were treated surgically and histological examination of the masses in both cases confirmed the diagnosis of a congenital epignathus. There were no complications such as infection, bleeding or residual recurrence following surgery. After 1-year follow-up, there was no recurrence of the epignathus in either case. Oropharyngeal teratoma is a very rare congenital tumour that may cause upper airway obstruction and feeding difficulties in the newborn, so it should be treated surgically in a timely manner.

7.
Environ Int ; 151: 106460, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that systemic inflammation may play an important role in the association between air pollution exposure and glucolipid metabolism disorders, and vitamin D supplementation was beneficial in improving systemic inflammation and glucolipid metabolism. However, the role of foetal 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in the association between prenatal air pollution exposure and foetal glucolipid metabolism disorders is still not clear. OBJECTIVE: To verify whether foetal 25(OH)D can improve glucolipid metabolism disorders induced by prenatal air pollution exposure by inhibiting the systemic inflammation. METHODS: A total of 2,754 mother-newborn pairs were enrolled from three hospitals in Hefei city, China, between 2015 and 2019. We obtained air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, SO2, CO, and NO2) data from the Hefei City Ecology and Environment Bureau. Cord blood biomarkers (25(OH)D, hs-CRP, C-peptide, HDL-C, LDL-C, TC, and TG) were measured. RESULTS: We found that prenatal air pollution exposure was positively associated with foetal glucolipid metabolic index levels after adjusting for confounders. Additionally, an IQR increase in exposure to PM2.5, PM10, SO2, and CO was associated with 20.0% (95% confidence interval (CI): 16.9, 23.6), 20.1% (16.8, 23.3), 22.9% (20.6, 25.3), and 16.7% (14.4, 19.0) higher cord blood hs-CRP levels, respectively, and an SD increase in hs-CRP was associated with 1.4% (0.1, 2.8), 2.2% (1.6, 2.9), 1.4% (0.9, 2.0), and 3.9% (2.8, 4.9) higher C-peptide, LDL-C, TC, and TG levels in the cord blood, respectively. However, there was a monotonic decrease in ßs between cord blood 25(OH)D and biomarkers (P for trend < 0.001). Furthermore, mediation analysis revealed that the association between air pollution exposure and foetal glucolipid metabolic indexes mediated by hs-CRP and 25(OH)D was 19.35%. In stratified analyses, the significant negative association between cord blood 25(OH)D with foetal hs-CRP and glucolipid metabolic indexes was observed only at low-medium levels of air pollution exposure. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal air pollution exposure could damage foetal glucolipid metabolic function through systemic inflammation. High foetal 25(OH)D levels may improve foetal systemic inflammation and glucolipid metabolism at low-medium levels of prenatal air pollution exposure.

8.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol ; 244: 109007, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610816

RESUMO

Nanoparticulate and ionic Zn have potential impacts on the detoxification systems of organisms, and Gst genes play key roles in the detoxification of xenobiotics. In this study, we cloned the ChGstα and ChGstκ genes of C. hongkongensis, and studied their expression in gills under nanoparticulate and ionic Zn stress. The results showed that the coding sequences of the ChGstα and ChGstκ genes were 684 and 675 bp, respectively, and had no signal peptide; ChGstα was cytoplasmic, while ChGstκ was mitochondrial. The two genes were expressed in all 8 tested samples, with the most abundant expression observed in hemocytes for ChGstα and digestive glands for ChGstκ. After ZnCl2 or ZnoNP challenge, the expression of ChGstα decreased significantly in the ZnCl2 groups, and its expression was higher in the ZnoNP groups than in the ZnCl2 groups. The expression of ChGstκ was significantly decreased in the ZnCl2 and ZnoNP groups, and its expression was higher in the ZnoNP groups than in the ZnCl2 groups except at 3 h post metal Zn stress, which suggested that ChGstα and ChGstκ were more sensitive to ZnoNP than ZnCl2.

9.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33603150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal selenium (Se) deficiency is associated with some adverse pregnant outcomes. However, it remains controversial whether maternal Se deficiency during gestation enhances the risks for low-birth-weight (LBW) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns. METHODS: For our cohort study, total 3133 mother-and-infant pairs were selected. Maternal serum Se concentration was detected by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. According to international references for maternal serum Se concentration, subjects were divided into Se deficiency (<45.0 µg/L), Se insufficiency (45.0-94.9 µg/L) and Se sufficiency (≥95.0 µg/L). RESULTS: There was a positive relation of maternal serum Se concentration in gestation and neonatal birth weight. Further analysis showed that the risks for LBW and SGA in SD group were significantly higher than that in SI and SS group, the adjusted ORs for LBW and SGA newborns were 1.87 (95%CI: 1.02, 3.45; P = 0.04) and 1.47 (95%CI: 1.07, 2.02; P = 0.02) in SI group, and 3.92 (95%CI: 2.03, 7.57; P < 0.001) and 2.77 (95%CI: 1.92, 4.02; P < 0.001) in SD group compared to SS group. In different gender subgroup, positive relations were observed between maternal Se deficiency and the risk for LBW girls, as well as the risks for both SGA girls and boys. CONCLUSION: Maternal Se deficiency in gestation was positively associated with the risk for LBW girls, as well as the risks for both SGA girls and boys.

10.
J Environ Manage ; 285: 112147, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607560

RESUMO

Land degradation is a global problem caused by improper agricultural practices. In tropical China, the rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) plantations are predominantly practiced on forest-cleared lands, considering their sustainable land management potential compared to annual cropping. However, all rubber plantations may not have similar land management capacity. Soil quality index (SQI) can reveal the overall soil status with a single score, which is an efficient tool to evaluate the soil quality of each category of rubber plantations. We investigated 23 soil physical and chemical parameters of three categories of rubber plantations and a primary rainforest, and derived SQI based on these parameters. Soil samples were collected from a rubber monoculture (RM), a rubber-Camellia sinensis agroforestry (RT), a rubber-Dracaena cochinchinensis agroforestry (RD), and a primary rainforest (RF). The results showed that the SQI value of the RM decreased by 15.50% compared to the RF, with a significant degree of soil nutrient loss (18.90%). This indicates that monocultural rubber cultivation is causing land degradation to some extent. However, the SQI was significantly enhanced by rubber-based agroforestry practices (25.30% by RT and 33.10% by RD) compared to the RM, suggesting that polyculture practices are suitable to recover the soil quality in degraded agricultural lands. Moreover, the chemical parameters contributed more to the SQI than did the physical parameters, indicating that nutrient management is important in soil quality recovery. Overall, our results suggest that agroforestry should be preferred over monoculture in the rubber plantations for sustainable land management in tropical China.


Assuntos
Hevea , Solo , Agricultura , China , Floresta Úmida
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e24339, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, a number of clinical trials for antibody drugs targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1)/programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) have been carried out on recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M SCCHN) and reported promising prospects. To further evaluate and understand the effects and risk of anti-PD1/PD-L1 monotherapy vs standard of care (SoC) in R/M SCCHN, we conducted this meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials. METHOD: The potential eligible trials were searched from Cochrane library and Pubmed and Embase databases. Randomized controlled trials evaluating the effects and risk of anti-PD1/PD-L1 monotherapy vs SoC in platinum refractory R/M SCCHN were selected. The outcomes, including objective response rate, disease control rate, progression-free survival, overall survival, and treatment-related adverse events, were extracted and pooled. RESULTS: 1345 patients with R/M SCCHN from three randomized controlled trials were enrolled in this analysis. Compared with SoC, anti-PD1/PD-L1 monotherapy could provide statistically significant overall survival benefit, hazard ratio (95% confidence interval ) = 0.79 [0.70-0.90]. However, we observed no significant difference between 2 treatments in progression-free survival (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval] = 0.96 [0.85-1.09]). Furthermore, anti-PD1/PD-L1 monotherapy caused less treatment-related adverse events than standard of care. CONCLUSION: Anti-PD1/PD-L1 monotherapy could indeed reduce the risk of death in R/M SCCHN patients, and provide higher safety vs SoC. Expression level of PD-L1 may be a useful biomarker for selecting patients with better response to anti-PD1/PD-L1 monotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Padrão de Cuidado/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Seleção de Pacientes , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Parasitol Res ; 120(4): 1291-1301, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559042

RESUMO

The parasite genus Notocotylus comprises at least 50 species colonizing mainly aquatic birds and to a lesser extent some mammals, particularly rodents. Here trematode specimens isolated from a wild black swan were characterized and identified to belong to the genus Notocotylus via morphological and molecular analyses. Phylogenetic position of the isolate among other trematodes was determined based on the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) 1 and 2. The complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of the isolate was amplified, sequenced, assembled, analyzed, and annotated. The isolate has an AT-rich mt genome (14,317 bp in length) that comprises 12 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes, and two ribosomal RNA genes. The Notocotylus isolate identified in this study has relatively high mt genome sequence identity and identical gene content and arrangement to a known Notocotylidae species, Ogmocotyle sikae. The isolate formed a genetic clade with O. sikae in phylogenetic analysis of the concatenated PCG amino acid sequences. Compared to the ITS, the trematode mt genome appears more informative for resolving high-level phylogenies. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study exploring the complete mt genome for the genus Notocotylus, and it offers a novel genomic resource that has important implications for trematode phylogenetics.

13.
Mol Med ; 27(1): 14, 2021 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568052

RESUMO

AIMS: Myocardial ischemia is the most common form of cardiovascular disease and the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Understanding the mechanisms is very crucial for the development of effective therapy. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the functional roles and mechanisms by which ELAVL1 regulates myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: Mouse myocardial I/R model and cultured myocardial cells exposed to hypoxia/reperfusion (H/R) were used in this study. Features of ferroptosis were evidenced by LDH activity, GPx4 activity, cellular iron, ROS, LPO, and GSH levels. The expression levels of autophagy markers (Beclin-1, p62, LC3), ELAVL1 and FOXC1 were measured by qRT-PCR, immunostaining and western blot. RIP assay, biotin-pull down, ChIP and dual luciferase activity assay were employed to examine the interactions of ELAVL1/Beclin-1 mRNA and FOXC1/ELAVL1 promoter. CCK-8 assay was used to examine viability of cells. TTC staining was performed to assess the myocardial I/R injury. RESULTS: Myocardial I/R surgery induced ferroptosis and up-regulated ELAVL1 level. Knockdown of ELAVL1 decreased ferroptosis and ameliorated I/R injury. Si-ELAVL1 repressed autophagy and inhibition of autophagy by inhibitor suppressed ferroptosis and I/R injury in myocardial cells. Increase of autophagy could reverse the effects of ELAVL1 knockdown on ferroptosis and I/R injury. ELAVL1 directly bound with and stabilized Beclin-1 mRNA. Furthermore, FOXC1 bound to ELAVL1 promoter region and activated its transcription upon H/R exposure. CONCLUSION: FOXC1 transcriptionally activated ELAVL1 may promote ferroptosis during myocardial I/R by modulating autophagy, leading to myocardial injury. Inhibition of ELAVL1-mediated autophagic ferroptosis would be a new viewpoint in the treatment of myocardial I/R injury.

14.
Genomics ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33516848

RESUMO

Schizothorax prenanti (S. prenanti) is one of the most important aquaculture species in the southwest of China. However, information of the full-length transcripts in S. prenanti remains unknown. In this study, single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing was performed to generate full-length transcriptomes of S.prenanti. In total, 23.26 Gb of clean reads were generated. A total of 312,587 circular consensus sequences (CCS) were obtained with average lengths of 2634 bp and 84.16% (270,662) of CCS were full-length non-chimeric reads. After being corrected with Illumina library sequencing, 18,005 contigs were obtained, with 17,797 (98.81%) successfully annotated in eight public databases, including 15,839 complete open reading frames (ORFs) with an average length of 1330 bp. Furthermore, a total of 4152 alternative splicing (AS) events and 250 long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) transcripts were detected. Additionally, a total of 1129 putative transcription factors (TFs) members from 56 TF families and 11,660 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified. This study provided a valuable resource of full-length transcripts for further research on S. prenanti.

15.
Food Chem ; 346: 128880, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418415

RESUMO

The variations in flavor substances across the different stages of fermented soybean whey tofu (FSWT) production were analyzed by headspace-gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (HS-GC-IMS) combined with principal component analysis (PCA). The results revealed 24 representative flavor compounds in the samples across all production stages. After heating, the signal intensity of hexanal, 1-octen-3-ol, heptanal, and (E)-2-hexenol, which are unpleasant flavor substances found in raw soymilk, weakened, whereas those of some aroma substances increased. Furthermore, fermented flavor compounds, namely, 2-heptanone, 2-pentylfuran, pentanal, and 2,3-butanedione, were produced after the addition of fermented soybean whey as a coagulant. A PCA based on the signal intensity of the detected volatile compounds revealed effective differentiation of samples from different stages into comparatively independent spaces. These results showed that the flavor fingerprints of the samples from different stages of FSWT production can be successfully built using HS-GC-IMS and PCA based on the detected volatile compounds.


Assuntos
Alimentos de Soja/análise , Soja/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Cromatografia Gasosa , Fermentação , Espectrometria de Mobilidade Iônica , Análise de Componente Principal , Soja/metabolismo , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química
16.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 56, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In heart transplantation, donor hearts inevitably suffer from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, which leads to primary graft dysfunction and affects patients' survival rate. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been reported to attenuate myocardial I/R injury via their paracrine effects, which can be enhanced by hypoxic preconditioning. We hypothesized that the donor heart preservation with hypoxic conditioned medium (CdM) derived from BMSCs would improve post-transplant graft function. METHODS: Normoxic or hypoxic CdM were isolated from rat BMSCs cultured under normoxic (20% O2) or hypoxic (1% O2) condition. Donor hearts were explanted; stored in cardioplegic solution supplemented with either a medium (vehicle), normoxic CdM (N-CdM), or hypoxic CdM (H-CdM); and then heterotopically transplanted. Antibody arrays were performed to compare the differences between hypoxic and normoxic CdM. RESULTS: After heart transplantation, the donor heart preservation with normoxic CdM was associated with a shorter time to return of spontaneous contraction and left ventricular systolic diameter, lower histopathological scores, higher ejection fraction, and fractional shortening of the transplanted hearts. The cardioprotective effects may be associated with the inhibition of apoptosis and inflammation, as reflected by less TUNEL-positive cells and lower levels of plasma proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin-1ß, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α) and cardiac troponin I in the N-CdM group compared with the vehicle group. These therapeutic effects can be further enhanced by hypoxic preconditioning. Antibody arrays revealed that nine proteins were significantly increased in hypoxic CdM compared with normoxic CdM. Furthermore, compared with vehicle and N-CdM groups, the protein levels of PI3K and p-Akt/Akt ratio in the transplanted hearts significantly increased in the H-CdM group. However, no significant difference was found in the phosphorylation of Smad2 and Smad3 for the donor hearts among the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the cardioplegic solution-enriched with hypoxic CdM can be a novel and promising preservation solution for donor hearts.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 770: 145285, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515893

RESUMO

Chronic exposure of triclosan (TCS) to zebrafish triggers high incidence of fatty liver and hepatitis; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Herein, we identified miR-30b as a sensitive biomarker to TCS stress, reflecting in that its decreased expression caused metabolic toxicity, abnormal development and behavior, and lipid-metabolism disorder. By microinjecting the inhibitor and mimic experiments, miR-30b was proved to regulate lipid metabolism by its main target gene fto. Over-expression of FTO resulted in fat accumulation, elevation of the TG and TC levels and up-regulation of the PPARγ and CEBPα, as well as decrease of the global m6A level in larvae. On the contrary, the knock-down of FTO using MO caused the anti-lipogenic effect, decrease of the TG and T-CHO levels, and abnormal changes of cebpɑ, acsl5, fasn, ppap2c and pparγ etc. Further fortification tests of cycloleucine and betaine evidenced that the toxic effect was strongly dependent on regulation of the m6A level. The toxicity effects in the treatments of methylated donors and receptors were consistent with the changes in physiological functions of FTO knockdown and overexpression. The effects of cycloleucine on m6A level and lipid metabolism generally consisted with those of FTO, but this was not the case for betaine, reflecting in increased m6A level and lipid accumulation in larval liver. Consequently, we posit that TCS exposure caused zebrafish lipid-metabolism disorder by decreasing miR-30b expression to regulate fto-mediated m6A methylation level. These findings contribute to our deep understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms regarding contaminant-originating fatty liver and hepatocellular carcinoma, and also have practical significance in pollution warning and target therapy for related diseases.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , MicroRNAs , Triclosan , Animais , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Metilação , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Triclosan/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
18.
J Affect Disord ; 281: 390-396, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has been demonstrated a "neuroprotective" effect, but it is unclear whether early-life adequate vitamin D protect adverse neurodevelopment. We aimed to examine the role of neonatal vitamin D in the association of maternal depression (MD) symptoms with toddlers ADHD. METHODS: Participants included 1 125 mother-infant pairs from the China-Anhui Birth Cohort study. MD was assessed by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) at 30-34 gestational weeks. Toddlers ADHD was reported by the Conners' Hyperactivity Index (CHI) at 48-54 months postpartum. Multiple logistic regression models were performed to evaluate the association of maternal depressive score and toddlers ADHD while cord blood 25(OH)D levels were stratified. RESULTS: Toddlers of mothers with higher depression score were at higher risk of ADHD (20.1% vs 11.1%, P = 0.003; adjusted RR=1.75, 95% CI: 1.10-2.81). Among toddlers with neonatal vitamin D deficiency (VDD), ADHD risk was significantly increased with maternal MD (adjusted RR=3.74, 95% CI: 1.49-9.41), but the association was not found in toddlers with neonatal vitamin D adequacy (VDA). Compared to toddlers without MD, toddlers with both MD and neonatal VDD had higher risk of ADHD (adjusted RR=3.10, 95% CI: 1.44-6.63). But the risk did not significantly increase in toddlers with MD and neonatal VDA (adjusted RR=1.53, 95% CI: 0.86-2.72). LIMITATIONS: Maternal depressive symptoms in early pregnancy and anxious symptoms were needed to include. CONCLUSION: This prospective study indicated that the detrimental effect of maternal prenatal depressive symptoms on offspring's ADHD symptoms strengthened in toddlers with neonatal VDD.

19.
Chemosphere ; 266: 129175, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341701

RESUMO

Schwertmannite was successfully loaded onto biochar (Sch@BC) using a biosynthetic method. The physicochemical properties and structural morphology of Sch@BC were explored using XRD, SEM, BET, and XPS. The results showed that introducing biochar can effectively prevent the agglomeration of Sch. The catalytic activity of Sch@BC in the Fenton-like degradation of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) was also systematically investigated under different reaction conditions. Under optimum conditions ([SMX] = 10 mg L-1, [H2O2] = 2.0 mM, Sch@BC = 1.0 g L-1 and initial pH = 3.0), the removal efficiencies of the SMX and total organic carbon (TOC) were 100% and 45.9%, respectively, within 60 min of the reaction. The results of the radical scavenger effect and ESR studies suggested that the SMX degradation in the Sch@BC/H2O2 system was dominated by a heterogeneous Fenton-like reaction. The repeated use of Sch@BC for SMX degradation demonstrated its reusability and stability in Fenton-like reactions. There was also speculation about the degradation mechanism and pathways of SMX. Furthermore, under the same conditions, the removal efficiencies of sulfadiazine (SD) and sulfisoxazole (SIZ) under Fenton-like degradation in the Sch@BC system were 91% and 93%. The results provide a theoretical basis and practical guidance for the creation of a new catalyst using biochar as a support material for the degradation of sulfanilamide antibiotics.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Catálise , Carvão Vegetal , Compostos de Ferro , Sulfanilamida
20.
Cancer Biomark ; 30(3): 299-307, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed that DEP domain containing 1 (DEPDC1) is involved in the carcinogenesis and progression of several types of human cancer. However the role of DEPDC1 in gastric cancer has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to study the expression and pathophysiological function of DEPDC1 in gastric cancer. METHODS: DEPDC1 expression in gastric adenocarcinoma cells was examined with Western blot and qRT-PCR. Clinical pathological features of patients were determined by immunohistochemistry. The effect of DEPDC1 expression on cell proliferation was studied by in vitro cell proliferation assay; and cell cycle influence was assessed by flow cytometry. Survival curves were plotted using Kaplan-Meier. RESULTS: DEPDC1 was overexpressed in gastric adenocarcinoma tissues compared with the paired adjacent normal gastric tissues, in accordance with mRNA level downloaded from GEPIA database. DEPDC1 expression level was significantly associated with cancer metastasis and differentiation. DEPDC1 upregulation caused cell cycle accelerating from G1 to S phase, and it was correlated with poorer overall survival. CONCLUSION: Therefore, DEPDC1 upregulation in gastric adenocarcinoma is associated with tumor development and poor clinical outcomes of the patients, implying DEPDC1 might be a potential therapeutic target against gastric cancer.

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