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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 390: 122049, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007862

RESUMO

In this study, nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) modified by ethylene glycol (EG), and then an aluminum hydroxide (Al(OH)3) film was wound on it to make a new material (EG-NZVI@Al(OH)3), it is used to remove sulfides in water and it has greatly improved the performance of sulfide removal. At different pH values, Al(OH)3 film can effectively improve the adsorption of sulfide by EG-NZVI @Al(OH)3. Al(OH)3 film can also enhance suspension stability and reduce NZVI corrosion in water. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) characterization methods were used to prove that the NZVI was successfully modified by EG and coated by Al(OH)3, achieved the role of protecting NZVI from being oxidized during preparation and drying, and enhanced suspension stability, chemical reactivity and longevity. The removal of sulfides in water by NZVI is mainly through the formation of surface complexes, iron mercapto oxide (FeOSH) and the precipitates of iron sulfide (FeS, FeS2, FeSn) adsorbed on the surface of NZVI. Al(OH)3 film is positively charged It will cause electrostatic adsorption and adsorption on sulfur ions. EG-NZVI@Al(OH)3 is used to remove sulfide from 2.5-50 mg/L aqueous solution. It shows the highest adsorption capacity is 175.5 mg/g. And the mechanism of adsorption is speculated.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 567: 75-83, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036116

RESUMO

Lithium-ion capacitors (LICs) are regarded as the most potential devices in the energy storage systems. Unfortunately, the mismatched in the intrinsic kinetics and specific capacities between anode and cathode lead to a depressed electrochemical performance. Thus, designing an advanced electrode material that combines high performance with low-cost is one of the main challenges for LICs, especially in a sustainable anode material until now. Here, a high-energy LIC has been successfully developed using the defect-rich and N-doped hard carbon (DNC) as anode, which is prepared through the carbonization process of the low-cost biowaste sepia without additional template or catalyst. The DNC shows nanospherical structure with a diameter of about 100 nm. Owing to the two-pronged strategy of N-doping and defect engineering, it delivers a high specific capacity (580.3 mAh g-1 at 0.05 A g-1), excellent rate capability, and long cycle stability (1000 cycles). The electrochemical kinetic analysis and density functional theory (DFT) calculations have confirmed its prominent pseudocapacitive behaviors and excellent Li+ storage capability. As expected, the as-fabricated LIC delivers a remarkable energy density (101.7 Wh kg-1), an outstanding rate capability (56.3 Wh kg-1 at 12.5 kW kg-1), and a superior cycle lifespan (3000 cycles), demonstrating the tremendous potential for the next-generation energy storage systems.

3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(3)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023891

RESUMO

This paper describes an imaging method for near-field defect detection in aluminum plates based on Green's function recovery and application of instantaneous phase coherence weighting factors. The directly acquired acoustic information of near-field defects is usually obscured by the nonlinear effects due to the physical limitation of the acquisition system. Using the diffuse field to recover the Green's function can effectively retrieve the early time information. However, averaging operations of finite number in this process produces an imperfect imaging result. In order to improve the image quality, two kinds of instantaneous phased coherence weighting factors are used to weight the Green's function to reduce the background noise and improve the signal-to-noise ratio: the instantaneous phase coherence factor (IPCF), and the instantaneous phase weighting factor (IPWF). Experiments are conducted on two aluminum plates with two and four near-field defects, respectively. As a result, the background noise of amplitude images weighted by IPCF and IPWF is less than that of the conventional total focusing method (TFM). In addition, the IPCF image achieves a better signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) than that of IPWF, and the phase discontinuity in an IPWF image is suppressed through the IPCF.

4.
Reproduction ; 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045359

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Missed abortion (MA) is a common disease in obstetrics and gynecology. More and more studies have focused on the relationship between miRNAs and pregnancy maintenance and its related diseases. The aim of this article is to explore the relationship between miRNA and MA. METHODS: The expression of miR-98 were detected by in situ hybridization and real-time PCR. Cell proliferation, activity and migration were measured via Edu, MTT, and transwell assays. The target genes of miR-98 are identified by dual-luciferase activity assay. And the expression levels of target genes were determined by western blot, real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. RESULT: MiR-98 was significantly up-regulated in placental villi from over 35 years old MA patients compared with the age-matched normal pregnant women. Up-regulation of miR-98 suppressed the proliferation, activity and migration of the human trophoblast HTR-8/SVneo cell in vitro. MiR-98 could bind to GDF6 and FAPP2 mRNA 3'-UTR, and negatively regulate their expression. The downregulation of miR-98 promoted cell proliferation, then knockdown of GDF6 or FAPP2 inhibited miR-98-mediated cell proliferation. GDF6 and FAPP2 expression in the placental villi from MA patients were decreased compared to normal placental tissues. The expression of miR-98 in MA had an opposite relationship with the expression of GDF6 and FAPP2. CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of miR-98 is associated with the occurrence of MA. MiR-98 prevents proliferation, viability and migration of trophoblast cells partially through targeting GDF6 and FAPP2.

5.
ACS Nano ; 14(1): 891-898, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913604

RESUMO

Lithium (Li) metal has been considered as one of the most prospective anodes for Li-based batteries owing to its high theoretical gravimetric capacity (3860 mAh g-1) and low potential (-3.04 V vs standard hydrogen electrode (SHE)). Unfortunately, there commonly exist uncontrollable dendrites in lithium anodes during the repeated plating-stripping processes, causing short cycle life and even short circuiting of lithium batteries. Here, single zinc atoms immobilized on MXene (Ti3C2Clx) layers (Zn-MXene) were produced to efficiently induce Li nucleation and growth. At the initial plating stage, lithium tended to nucleate homogeneously on the surface of Zn-MXene layers due to the large presence of Zn atoms and then grow vertically along the nucleated sites owing to a strong lightning rod effect at the edges, affording bowl-like lithium without lithium dendrites. Thus, a low overpotential of 11.3 ± 0.1 mV, long cyclic life (1200 h), and deep stripping-plating levels up to 40 mAh cm-2 are obtained by using Zn-MXene films as lithium anodes.

6.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2111: 59-70, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933198

RESUMO

T-cell-based cancer immunotherapies have emerged as a promising approach for cancer treatment, highlighting the importance of understanding the regulation of T-cell function. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying T-cell activation are not fully understood. The CRISPR/Cas9 system can serve as a robust method to systematically study signaling pathways. In this chapter, we describe details of using the CRISPR screen to identify regulators in TCR signaling, from the sgRNA library construction to genomic DNA sequencing. We also add some notes to further help readers performing the CRISPR screen. This approach can be readily adapted to study the activation of other immune cells, including B cells and dendritic cells.

7.
Exp Neurol ; 326: 113179, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930990

RESUMO

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is the most devastating form of stroke. Reducing neuronal apoptosis is an important countermeasure against early brain injury (EBI) after SAH. Recent evidence indicates that OX40-OX40L coupling is critical for cell survival and proliferation. Current study was performed to detect the role of recombinant OX40 (ReOX40) against neuronal apoptosis after SAH. The endovascular perforation model of SAH was performed on Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. ReOX40 was injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v) 1 h after SAH induction and the following methods were employed: neurological function evaluation, immunofluorescence staining, fluoro-Jade C staining, and western blot. To study the underlying precise molecular mechanism, small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) for OX40L and a specific inhibitor of PI3K, LY294002, were injected i.c.v. into SAH + ReOX40 rats before induction of SAH. When compared with sham rats, the expression of OX40 and OX40L was seen to decrease in the brain at 24 h after SAH induction. Administration of ReOX40 (5 µg/kg) increased expression of the OX40L, reduced the neuronal apoptosis, and improved short and long-term neurological function deficits. Furthermore, ReOx40 heightened activation of OX40L/PI3K/AKT axis, increased the downstream anti-apoptotic protein (Bcl2, Bcl-XL), and depressed the apoptotic protein (cleaved caspase 3, Bax). However, the protective effects of ReOX40 were abolished by the administration of OX40L siRNA and LY294002, respectively. These results demonstrate that ReOX40 attenuates neuronal apoptosis through OX40-OX40L/PI3K/AKT pathway in EBI after SAH.

8.
EMBO J ; : e102608, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930741

RESUMO

Degradation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by selective autophagy (ER-phagy) is crucial for ER homeostasis. However, it remains unclear how ER scission is regulated for subsequent autophagosomal sequestration and lysosomal degradation. Here, we show that oligomerization of ER-phagy receptor FAM134B (also referred to as reticulophagy regulator 1 or RETREG1) through its reticulon-homology domain is required for membrane fragmentation in vitro and ER-phagy in vivo. Under ER-stress conditions, activated CAMK2B phosphorylates the reticulon-homology domain of FAM134B, which enhances FAM134B oligomerization and activity in membrane fragmentation to accommodate high demand for ER-phagy. Unexpectedly, FAM134B G216R, a variant derived from a type II hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy (HSAN) patient, exhibits gain-of-function defects, such as hyperactive self-association and membrane scission, which results in excessive ER-phagy and sensory neuron death. Therefore, this study reveals a mechanism of ER membrane fragmentation in ER-phagy, along with a signaling pathway in regulating ER turnover, and suggests a potential implication of excessive selective autophagy in human diseases.

9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 191: 110200, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958629

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) contamination in paddy soils and the related pollution risk of rice grain have received increasing attention. Agronomic measures, such as the application of sulfur and changes in water regimes, were reported to mitigate the accumulation of Cd in rice. However, there is limited information on the combined effects of sulfur application and water regimes. Therefore, a pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of two sulfur forms, three water regimes and multiple sulfur application rates on Cd accumulation in rice. The sulfur was applied as SO42- (SVI, replacing the traditional fertilizers by SO42--containing fertilizers), and element S (S0) was applied at 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 mg S kg-1 soil. The water regimes were continuous flooding (F), flooding-moist alternation (FM), and moist irrigation (M), for a total of 30 treatments. The results indicated that application of SVI exceeding 30 mg S kg-1 significantly reduced the Cd concentrations in brown rice by 31.1-56.3%, and the Cd concentrations decreased with increasing amount of irrigation water. Similar reductions in Cd concentrations in rice shoots and rice straw collected at tillering and maturity stages were observed after application of SVI. However, the effect of S0 application on Cd accumulation in grain was not significant under different water regimes. Furthermore, this study found that application of both SVI and S0 inhibited the transfer of Cd from rice roots to shoots in most cases. These findings indicate that replacing traditional fertilizers with SO42--containing fertilizers, especially combined with increased irrigation, could be a potential approach to mitigate Cd accumulation in rice growing in Cd-contaminated acidic paddy soils.

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(1): 309-317, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether changes in sleep duration are associated with a higher risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older adults. RESULTS: By the 3-year follow-up, 592 participants developed MCI. Compared with the individuals who had an unchanged sleep duration, the odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for MCI was 1.44 (1.08-1.91) for those whose sleep duration increased by ≥2 h after multivariate adjustments. Moreover, changing from a long to moderate, but not short, sleep duration was negatively associated with the incidence of MCI (odds ratio: 0.65; 95% confidence interval, 0.45-0.93). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that increased sleep duration is associated with a higher risk of MCI in the elderly. Furthermore, a moderate duration of sleep (6-9 h) could serve as a possible strategy for prevention of MCI. METHODS: This longitudinal study was conducted with a nationally representative sample of 5419 older Chinese adults (≥65 years) from the 2008 and 2011 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Sleep duration was assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. MCI was defined according to the Mini-Mental State Examination. An adjusted logistic regression model was used to explore the associations between changes in sleep duration and MCI.

11.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 84(3): 544-551, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791192

RESUMO

Alveolar and bronchial epithelial cells have critical functions in acute respiratory distress syndrome progress. Genistein could protect the lungs from acute lung injury, however, whether genistein protects the alveolar epithelial cells from LPS-induced injury was less studied. Spectrophotometric method 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were performed to detect cell viability and levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and IL-6. Flow cytometry and western blot assay were performed to detect cells apoptosis and protein levels. In LPS-induced model of mouse lung epithelial (MLE)-12 cells, PBEF (proinflammatory cytokine) expression, and cell apoptosis were increased and cell viability was decreased, whereas NF-κB was activated and expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 were increased. However, genistein partly reversed the effect of LPS, and it plays a protective role in lung injury by reducing expression of PBEF, inhibiting the activation of NF-κB and alleviating inflammatory response of cells.

12.
Food Chem ; 310: 125865, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757488

RESUMO

Although infant formula represents an important human milk substitute, it has been shown to contain many different lipid structures compared to human milk. In this study, the lipidome and fatty acid composition of human, bovine and caprine milk were analyzed and compared. A total of 13 lipid classes (including TG, DG, SM, PC, Cer, HexCer, Hex2Cer, PE, PG, PS, PI, PA and CL) were analyzed. Human milk was richer in TG containing LA, SM containing ULCFA and PLs containing ARA, DHA and DGLA. Moreover, there were no differential DG and SM species between human and caprine milk. A total of 215 and 147 lipids were identified as potential biomarkers that could be used to further analyze differences in the biological properties of human, bovine and caprine milk. This comprehensive analysis will hopefully help in the design of infant formula more suitable for Chinese babies.

13.
Digestion ; 101(1): 66-79, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801133

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Asia-Pacific consensus on the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and the GERD treatment guidelines of 2015 drawn up by the Japanese Society of Gastroenterology were proposed, and GERD management in Asian regions was assumed to be performed based on these consensuses. In this environment, the current status of GERD management in clinical practice among Asian regions is less well-known. OBJECTIVE: This questionnaire-based consensus survey was performed to clarify the current status of management of GERD in clinical practice in Asian regions. METHODS: A questionnaire related to management of GERD was distributed to members of the International Gastroenterology Consensus Symposium Study Group. We analyzed the questionnaire responses and compared the results among groups. RESULTS: The frequencies of erosive GERD (ERD), non-ERD, uninvestigated GERD, and Barrett's esophagus varied significantly among Asian countries. The most important factor in diagnosing GERD was the presence of symptoms in all countries. A proton pump inhibitor was the most commonly prescribed drug to treat GERD in all countries. Endoscopic surveillance for GERD was performed regularly. CONCLUSION: This questionnaire survey revealed the current status of management of GERD in clinical practice in various Asian countries.

14.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(1): 9-19, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746390

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy (LFH) are major causes of degenerative spinal disorders. Comparative and proteomic analysis was used to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in IDD and LFH discs compared with normal discs. Subsequent gene ontology term enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis of the DEPs in human IDD discs or LFH samples were performed to identify the biological processes and signaling pathways involved in IDD and LFH. The PI3K­AKT signaling pathway, advanced glycation endproducts­receptor for advanced glycation endproducts signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, and transforming growth factor­b signaling pathway were activated in disc degeneration. This review summarizes the recently identified DEPs, including prolargin, fibronectin 1, cartilage intermediate layer protein, cartilage oligomeric matrix protein, and collagen types I, II and IV, and their pathophysiological roles in degenerative spinal disorders, and may provide a deeper understanding of the pathological processes of human generative spinal disorders. The present review aimed to summarize significantly changed proteins in degenerative spinal disorders and provide a deeper understanding to prevent these diseases.

15.
Fundam Clin Pharmacol ; 34(1): 131-147, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243792

RESUMO

Retinal degeneration (RD) results in photoreceptor loss and irreversible visual impairments. This study sought to alleviate the photoreceptor degeneration via the adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated erythropoietin (EPO) therapy. AAV-2/2-mCMV-EPO vectors were constructed and delivered into the subretinal space of a RD model. The retinal morphology, optokinetic behaviour and electrophysiological function of the treated animals were analysed. The subretinal delivery of AAV-2/2 vectors induced robust EPO gene expressions in the retinas. AAV2/2-mediated EPO therapy ameliorated the photoreceptor degeneration and visual impairments of the RD animal model. Furthermore, the multi-electrodes array (MEA) was used to detect the firing activities of retinal ganglion cells. MEA recording showed that the EPO therapy could restrain the spontaneous firing response, enhance the light-induced firing response and preserve the basic configurations of visual signal pathway in RD model. Our MEA assay provided an example to evaluate the potency of pharmacological compounds on retinal plasticity. In conclusion, AAV2/2-mediated EPO therapy can ameliorate the photoreceptor degeneration and rectify the abnormities in visual signal transmission. These beneficial results suggest the AAV vector is a viable therapeutic option for retinopathies with rapidly degenerating kinetics and lay the groundwork for future development of EPO gene therapy.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121098, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479823

RESUMO

We have rationally designed and fabricated of "face-to-face" 3D/2D In2O3 nanocube/ZnIn2S4 nanosheet heterojunction by growing ZnIn2S4 nanosheets on the surfaces of In2O3 cubes as photocatalysts for 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) degradation under visible light. Herein, the unique 3D/2D In2O3 nanocube/ZnIn2S4 nanosheet hierarchical structure not only exposes far more abundant heterojunction interface active sites compared to 3D/0D In2O3 nanocube/ZnIn2S4 nanoparticle, but also produces numbers of compact high-speed nanochannels in the junctions, which significantly promotes the separation and migration of photogenerated carriers. Profiting by structural and compositional advantages, the optimized 3D/2D ZnIn2S4-In2O3 photocatalyst shows excellent photocatalytic activity and stability in the degradation of 2,4-DCP, which is 1.85, 2.60, 3.02 and 3.54-fold higher than that of 3D/0D ZnIn2S4-In2O3, ZnIn2S4 nanosheet, ZnIn2S4 nanoparticle and In2O3, respectively. Meanwhile, the main active species (·O2-, ·OH and h+) produced in the photodegradation process were determined and the intermediates and degradation mechanism were studied in detail. Besides, the application on the removal of 2,4-DCP in natural water and actual wastewaters by 3D/2D ZnIn2S4-In2O3 also have been studied. This work provides a new strategy for efficiently optimize the advantages of binary nano-architectures to effectively degrade phenolic pollutants in the environment.

17.
Cancer Lett ; 469: 277-286, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605775

RESUMO

SOX2 has been viewed as a critical oncoprotein in osteosarcoma. Emerging evidence show that inducing the degradation of transcription factors such as SOX2 is a promising strategy to make them druggable. Here, we show that neogambogic acid (NGA), an active ingredient in garcinia, significantly inhibited the proliferation of osteosarcoma cells with ubiquitin proteasome-mediated degradation of SOX2 in vitro and in vivo. We further identified USP9x as a bona fide deubiquitinase for SOX2 and NGA directly interacts with USP9x in cells. Moreover, knockdown of USP9x inhibited the proliferation and colony formation of osteosarcoma cells, which could be rescued by overexpression of SOX2. Consistent with this, knockdown of USP9x inhibited the proliferation of osteosarcoma cells in a xenograft mouse model. Collectively, we identify USP9x as the first deubiquitinating enzyme for controlling the stability of SOX2 and USP9x is a direct target for NGA. We propose that targeting the USP9x/SOX2 axis represents a novel strategy for the therapeutic of osteosarcoma and other SOX2 related cancers.

18.
Cell Prolif ; : e12744, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Mixed lineage leukaemia protein-1 (MLL1) mediates histone 3 lysine 4 (H3K4) trimethylation (me3) and plays vital roles during early embryonic development and hematopoiesis. In our previous study, we found its expression was positively correlated with embryonic myogenic ability in pigs, indicating its potential roles in mammalian muscle development. The present work aimed to explore the roles and regulation mechanisms of MLL1 in myogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of MLL1 in C2C12 cells was experimentally manipulated using small interfering RNAs (siRNA). 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay, cell cycle assay, immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR and Western blot were performed to assess myoblast proliferation and differentiation. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay was conducted to detect H3K4me3 enrichment on myogenic factor 5 (Myf5) promoter. A cardiotoxin (CTX)-mediated muscle regeneration model was used to investigate the effects of MLL1 on myogenesis in vivo. RESULTS: MLL1 was highly expressed in proliferating C2C12 cells, and expression decreased after differentiation. Knocking down MLL1 suppressed myoblast proliferation and impaired myoblast differentiation. Furthermore, knockdown of MLL1 resulted in the arrest of cell cycle in G1 phase, with decreased expressions of Myf5 and Cyclin D1. Mechanically, MLL1 transcriptionally regulated Myf5 by mediating H3K4me3 on its promoter. In vivo data implied that MLL1 was required for Pax7-positive satellite cell proliferation and muscle repair. CONCLUSION: MLL1 facilitates proliferation of myoblasts and Pax7-positive satellite cells by epigenetically regulating Myf5 via mediating H3K4me3 on its promoter.

19.
Neural Netw ; 123: 94-107, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837517

RESUMO

Medical prediction is always collectively determined based on bioimages collected from different sources or various clinical characterizations described from multiple physiological features. Notably, learning intrinsic structures from multiple heterogeneous features is significant but challenging in multi-view disease understanding. Different from existing methods that separately deal with each single view, this paper proposes a discriminative Margin-Sensitive Autoencoder (MSAE) framework for automated Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosis and accurate protein fold recognition. Generally, our MSAE aims to collaboratively explore the complementary properties of multi-view bioimage features in a semantic-sensitive encoder-decoder paradigm, where the discriminative semantic space is explicitly constructed in a margin-scalable regression model. Specifically, we develop a semantic-sensitive autoencoder, where an encoder projects multi-view visual features into the common semantic-aware latent space, and a decoder is exerted as an additional constraint to reconstruct the respective visual features. In particular, the importance of different views is adaptively weighted by self-adjusting learning scheme, such that their underlying correlations and complementary characteristics across multiple views are simultaneously preserved into the latent common representations. Moreover, a flexible semantic space is formulated by a margin-scalable support vector machine to improve the discriminability of the learning model. Importantly, correntropy induced metric is exploited as a robust regularization measurement to better control outliers for effective classification. A half-quadratic minimization and alternating learning strategy are devised to optimize the resulting framework such that each subproblem exists a closed-form solution in each iterative minimization phase. Extensive experimental results performed on the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) datasets show that our MSAE can achieve superior performances for both binary and multi-class classification in AD diagnosis, and evaluations on protein folds demonstrate that our method can achieve very encouraging performance on protein structure recognition, outperforming the state-of-the-art methods.

20.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(24): 2899-2904, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes of undifferentiated arthritis (UA) are diverse, and only 40% of patients with UA develop rheumatoid arthritis (RA) after 3 years. Discovering predictive markers at disease onset for further intervention is critical. Therefore, our objective was to analyze the clinical outcomes of UA and ascertain the predictors for RA development. METHODS: We performed a prospective, multi-center study from January 2013 to October 2016 among Chinese patients diagnosed with UA in 22 tertiary-care hospitals. Clinical and serological parameters were obtained at recruitment. Follow-up was undertaken in all patients every 12 weeks for 2 years. Predictive factors of disease progression were identified using multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: A total of 234 patients were recruited in this study, and 17 (7.3%) patients failed to follow up during the study. Among the 217 patients who completed the study, 83 (38.2%) patients went into remission. UA patients who developed RA had a higher rheumatoid factor (RF)-positivity (42.9% vs. 16.8%, χ = 8.228, P = 0.008), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody-positivity (66.7% vs. 10.7%, χ = 43.897, P < 0.001), and double-positivity rate of RF and anti-CCP antibody (38.1% vs. 4.1%, χ = 32.131, P < 0.001) than those who did not. Anti-CCP antibody but not RF was an independent predictor for RA development (hazard ratio 18.017, 95% confidence interval: 5.803-55.938; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: As an independent predictor of RA, anti-CCP antibody should be tested at disease onset in all patients with UA.

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