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1.
Blood Adv ; 3(16): 2512-2524, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455667

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and infections are the 2 main causes of death without relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Elevated soluble serum simulation-2 (sST2), the product of IL1RL1 in plasma/serum post-HCT, is a validated GVHD biomarker. Hundreds of SNPs at 2q12.1 have been shown to be strongly associated with sST2 concentrations in healthy populations. We therefore hypothesized that the donor genetic variants in IL1RL1 correlate with sST2 protein levels associated with patient survival outcomes after HCT. We used DISCOVeRY-BMT (Determining the Influence of Susceptibility Conveying Variants Related to 1-Year Mortality after Blood and Marrow Transplantation), a genomic study of >3000 donor-recipient pairs, to inform our hypothesis. We first measured pre-HCT plasma/serum sST2 levels in a subset of DISCOVeRY-BMT donors (n = 757) and tested the association of donor sST2 levels with donor single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 2q12.1 region. Donor SNPs associated with sST2 levels were then tested for association with recipient death caused by acute GVHD (aGVHD)-, infection-, and transplant-related mortality in cohorts 1 and 2. Meta-analyses of cohorts 1 and 2 were performed using fixed-effects inverse variance weighting, and P values were corrected for multiple comparisons. Donor risk alleles in rs22441131 (P meta = .00026) and rs2310241 (P meta = .00033) increased the cumulative incidence of aGVHD death up to fourfold and were associated with high sST2 levels. Donor risk alleles at rs4851601 (P meta = 9.7 × 10-7), rs13019803 (P meta = 8.9 × 10-6), and rs13015714 (P meta = 5.3 × 10-4) increased cumulative incidence of infection death to almost sevenfold and were associated with low sST2 levels. These functional variants are biomarkers of infection or aGVHD death and could facilitate donor selection, prophylaxis, and a conditioning regimen to reduce post-HCT mortality.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16416, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335690

RESUMO

Occupational exposure remains a serious problem for medical staff, especially those working in operation rooms. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is prevalent in patients undergoing surgery, and anesthesiologists are at risk of occupational acquisition of blood-borne HBV infection. To the best of our knowledge, there are no data about HBV prevalence and vaccinations, as well as attitudes toward sharp injuries and gloving among anesthesiologists in China, where the HBV prevalence is high. To clarify these, the present study was conducted.An electronic questionnaire including HBV markers, gloving during practice, and reporting patterns of sharp injuries was created and sent to anesthesiologists.After excluding 10 uncompleted questionnaires, 1739 questionnaires were included in the final analysis. Of all analyzed anesthesiologists, 1599 (91.9%) had experienced sharp injuries, and 1313 (75.5%) had experienced >1 sharp injury. Considering HBV vaccination histories, 1381 anesthesiologists (79.4%) received 3 vaccination doses, and only half of the immunized anesthesiologists received reminder HBV vaccination doses after work before exposure. There were 696 anesthesiologists (40.0% of all participants) who were ever exposed to HBV, and nearly two-thirds of them (440) were exposed to HBV more than once. There was a more positive attitude toward gloving and double-gloving to reduce HBV exposure.The incidence of occupational HBV exposure among anesthesiologists is high, and its threat should be considered. HBV vaccinations and adherence to postexposure guidelines are recommended. The high prevalence of sharp injuries during anesthesia practice highlights the importance of safe anesthesia practices, such as gloving or double-gloving, especially when in contact with high-risk body fluids.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Hepatite B , Exposição Ocupacional , Traumatismos Ocupacionais , Gestão de Riscos/organização & administração , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/classificação , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Medição de Risco/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Sci Transl Med ; 11(500)2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292264

RESUMO

Anaphylaxis is a systemic acute hypersensitivity reaction that is considered to depend on allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies and histamine release by mast cells and basophils. Nevertheless, allergen-specific IgG antibodies have been proposed to contribute when the allergen is an abundant circulating large molecule, e.g., after infusions of therapeutic antibodies or dextran. Data from animal models demonstrate a pathway involving platelet-activating factor (PAF) release by monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils activated via their Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs). We hypothesized that such a pathway may also apply to small drugs and could be responsible for non-IgE-mediated anaphylaxis and influence anaphylaxis severity in humans. We prospectively conducted a multicentric study of 86 patients with suspected anaphylaxis to neuromuscular-blocking agents (NMBAs) during general anesthesia and 86 matched controls. We found that concentrations of anti-NMBA IgG and markers of FcγR activation, PAF release, and neutrophil activation correlated with anaphylaxis severity. Neutrophils underwent degranulation and NETosis early after anaphylaxis onset, and plasma-purified anti-NMBA IgG triggered neutrophil activation ex vivo in the presence of NMBA. Neutrophil activation could also be observed in patients lacking evidence of classical IgE-dependent anaphylaxis. This study supports the existence of an IgG-neutrophil pathway in human NMBA-induced anaphylaxis, which may aggravate anaphylaxis in combination with the IgE pathway or underlie anaphylaxis in the absence of specific IgE. These results reconcile clinical and experimental data on the role of antibody classes in anaphylaxis and could inform diagnostic approaches to NMBA-induced acute hypersensitivity reactions.

5.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265121

RESUMO

Despite the identification of several ovarian cancer (OC) predisposition genes, a large proportion of familial OC risk remains unexplained. We adopted a two-stage design to identify new OC predisposition genes. We first carried out a large germline whole-exome sequencing study on 158 patients from 140 families with significant OC history, but without evidence of genetic predisposition due to BRCA1/2. We then evaluated the potential candidate genes in a large case-control association study involving 381 OC cases in the Cancer Genome Atlas project and 27,173 population controls from the Exome Aggregation Consortium. Two new putative OC risk genes were identified, namely, ANKRD11, a putative tumor suppressor, and POLE, an enzyme involved in DNA repair and replication. These two genes likely confer moderate OC risk. We performed in vitro experiments and showed an ANKRD11 mutation identified in our patients markedly lowered the protein expression by compromising protein stability. Upon future validation and functional characterization, these genes may shed light on cancer etiology along with improving ascertainment power and preventive care of individuals at high risk of OC.

6.
J Org Chem ; 84(14): 9179-9187, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246018

RESUMO

An efficient regio- and diastereoselective cyclization of sulfamate-derived cyclic imines with unsubstituted or monosubstituted α-halo hydroxamates is developed under mild conditions. This reaction proceeds smoothly under transition-metal-free conditions via a domino aza-Mannich addition/intramolecular nucleophilic substitution sequence, providing a convenient route to access 2-monosubstituted and 2,5-disubstituted 4-imidazolidinones. Notably, the products were obtained with single trans-isomers in moderate to excellent yields.

7.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 156, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Efficient identification of neoantigen-specific T-cell responses in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remains a challenge. Existing investigations of spontaneous T-cell response to tumor neoepitope in EOC have taken the approach of comprehensive screening all neoantigen candidates, with a validation rate of 0.5-2%. METHODS: Whole-exome and transcriptome sequencing analysis of treatment-naive EOC patients were performed to identify neoantigen candidates, and the immunogenicity of prioritized neoantigens was evaluated by analyzing spontaneous neoantigen-specfic CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses in the tumor and/or peripheral blood. The biological relevance of neoantigen-specific T-cell lines and clones were analyzed by evaluating the capacity of autologous ovarian tumor recognition. Genetic transfer of T-cell receptor (TCR) from these neoantigen-specific T-cell clones into peripheral blood T-cells was conducted to generate neoepitope-specific T-cells. The molecular signature associated with positive neoantigen T-cell responses was investigated, and the impacts of expression level and lymphocyte source on neoantigen identification were explored. RESULTS: Using a small subset of prioritized neoantigen candidates, we were able to detect spontaneous CD4+ and/or CD8+ T-cell responses against neoepitopes from autologous lymphocytes in half of treatment-naïve EOC patients, with a significantly improved validation rate of 19%. Tumors from patients exhibiting neoantigen-specific T-cell responses exhibited a signature of upregulated antigen processing and presentation machinery, which was also associated with favorable patient survival in the TCGA ovarian cohort. T-cells specific against two mutated cancer-associated genes, NUP214 and JAK1, recognized autologous tumors. Gene-engineering with TCR from these neoantigen-specific T-cell clones conferred neoantigen-reactivity to peripheral T-cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated the feasibility of efficiently identifying both CD4+ and CD8+ neoantigen-specific T-cells in EOC. Autologous lymphocytes genetically engineered with tumor antigen-specific TCR can be used to generate cells for use in the personalized adoptive T-cell transfer immunotherapy.

8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(27): 13404-13413, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213539

RESUMO

BRUCE/Apollon is a membrane-associated inhibitor of apoptosis protein that is essential for viability and has ubiquitin-conjugating activity. On initiation of apoptosis, the ubiquitin ligase Nrdp1/RNF41 promotes proteasomal degradation of BRUCE. Here we demonstrate that BRUCE together with the proteasome activator PA28γ causes proteasomal degradation of LC3-I and thus inhibits autophagy. LC3-I on the phagophore membrane is conjugated to phosphatidylethanolamine to form LC3-II, which is required for the formation of autophagosomes and selective recruitment of substrates. SIP/CacyBP is a ubiquitination-related protein that is highly expressed in neurons and various tumors. Under normal conditions, SIP inhibits the ubiquitination and degradation of BRUCE, probably by blocking the binding of Nrdp1 to BRUCE. On DNA damage by topoisomerase inhibitors, Nrdp1 causes monoubiquitination of SIP and thus promotes apoptosis. However, on starvation, SIP together with Rab8 enhances the translocation of BRUCE into the recycling endosome, formation of autophagosomes, and degradation of BRUCE by optineurin-mediated autophagy. Accordingly, deletion of SIP in cultured cells reduces the autophagic degradation of damaged mitochondria and cytosolic protein aggregates. Thus, by stimulating proteasomal degradation of LC3-I, BRUCE also inhibits autophagy. Conversely, SIP promotes autophagy by blocking BRUCE-dependent degradation of LC3-I and by enhancing autophagosome formation and autophagic destruction of BRUCE. These actions of BRUCE and SIP represent mechanisms that link the regulation of autophagy and apoptosis under different conditions.

9.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 103(13): 5301-5310, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049618

RESUMO

Monascus purpureus is a traditional Chinese microbe that can be used as a medicinal herb and is edible. To improve the yield of monacolin K, we optimized the medium of M. purpureus with high-yield monacolin K strains. When high-yield strains C8, D8, E3, and I1 were grown in glutamic medium instead of the original medium, monacolin K production was increased. Among these strains, C8 exhibited the highest monacolin K production in glutamic acid medium, with levels increased 4.80-fold. RT-qPCR demonstrated that glutamic acid enhanced the expression of mokC and mokG. Observation of Monascus mycelium morphology using SEM showed that mycelia exhibited more folds, swelling, curves, and fractures. Thus, glutamic acid may promote the growth of the mycelium and appeared to increase the permeability of the cell membrane. This lays a foundation for research on the regulatory effect of glutamic acid and provides a theoretical basis for the industrialization and commercialization of Monascus.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 58(12): 7746-7753, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140790

RESUMO

An exceptionally stable metal-organic framework based on one-dimensional (1D) TbIII chains with significant green emission under excitation energy, {[Tb(TATMA)(H2O)·2H2O} n (namely, 1), has been fabricated successfully under hydrothermal conditions. By virtue of the spectral overlap between the absorbance spectra of nitrofurans (NFAs) and the excitation spectrum of MOF 1, the resultant sample exhibits outstandingly sensitive and selective luminescence detectability for NFT ( Ksv = 3.35 × 104 M-1) and NFZ ( Ksv = 3.00 × 104 M-1) by quenching phenomenon. More importantly, it can detect NFAs in water from bovine serum samples. The portable MOF film can be easily prepared and used with excellent stability and recursitivity.

11.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075477

RESUMO

Complex inferior vena cava (IVC) filter retrieval was usually in need of advanced techniques. Filter strut endothelialization without tilt of the filter was still one of the challenges. Therefore, we would like to describe the guidewire loop dissection technique, which required no extra equipment, to solve problem. A 53-year-old male had IVC filter for 8 months. Venogram showed no tilt of the apex and endothelialization of struts. The hook was snared but the filter cannot be retrieved. A fine guidewire was then advanced and formed a loop between the strut and the caval wall. With traction applied, the guidewire peeled the struts off the caval wall, resulting in the dissection of strut endothelialization. In the end, the filter was retrieved without injuring IVC. This technique was a feasible option for such circumstance.

12.
Chemistry ; 25(49): 11474-11480, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119797

RESUMO

CO2 is considered as the primary greenhouse gas, resulting in a series of serious environmental problems that affect people's life and health. Carbon capture and sequestration has been implemented as one of the most appealing pathways to control and use CO2 . Here, we rationally integrate various functional sites within the confined nanospace of a microporous metal-organic framework (MOF) material, which is constructed by mixed-ligand strategy based on metal-adeninate vertices. It not only exhibits excellent stability but also can efficiently transform CO2 and epoxides to cyclic carbonates under mild and cocatalyst-free conditions. Additionally, this catalyst shows extraordinary recyclability for the CO2 cycloaddition reaction.

13.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 38(6): 892-900, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30954432

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the live birth rates and neonatal outcomes following cleavage-stage embryo transfer and blastocyst transfer in a freeze-all treatment scenario? DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. All good-quality embryos were frozen on the third day; the remaining embryos were grown on until they reached blastocyst stage and then frozen. Between 2007 and 2016, 11,801 patients underwent cleavage-stage embryo transfer and 1009 patients underwent blastocyst transfer in the first treatment cycle using the freeze-all strategy. The live birth rate and neonatal outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: The live birth rate in the first frozen embryo transfer cycle was higher following blastocyst transfer than following cleavage-stage transfer (69.1% versus 55.5%, P < 0.01), but there was no difference in live birth rate in the second frozen embryo transfer cycle between blastocyst transfer and cleavage-stage transfer (45.2% versus 52.7%, P > 0.05). Similarly, no difference was found in the cumulative live birth rate for the first complete IVF cycle (71.1% versus 69.2%, P > 0.05). Blastocyst transfer gave a higher risk of preterm singleton delivery than did cleavage-stage transfer. However, there was no difference in the risk of early preterm delivery, low birth weight, very low birth weight, high birth weight and very high birth weight between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence to support the superiority of blastocyst transfer compared with cleavage-stage transfer in a freeze-all treatment scenario. There may be a higher risk of preterm singleton delivery following blastocyst transfer than following cleavage-stage transfer but further studies are needed to verify this.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 58(9): 6283-6293, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013070

RESUMO

The design and development of zeolitic transition metal oxides for selective oxidation are interesting due to the combination of the redox properties and microporosities. Redox-active zeolitic transition metal oxides based on ε-Keggin iron molybdates were synthesized. O2 can be activated by the materials via an electron-transfer-based process, and the materials can be oxidized even at room temperature. The materials are oxidized and reduced reversibly while the crystal structures are maintained. V is uniformly incorporated in the materials without changing the basic structures, and the redox properties of the materials are tuned by V. The materials are used as robust catalysts for ethyl lactate oxidation to form ethyl pyruvate using O2 as an oxidant.

15.
Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics ; 17(2): 211-218, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959223

RESUMO

As next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology has become widely used to identify genetic causal variants for various diseases and traits, a number of packages for checking NGS data quality have sprung up in public domains. In addition to the quality of sequencing data, sample quality issues, such as gender mismatch, abnormal inbreeding coefficient, cryptic relatedness, and population outliers, can also have fundamental impact on downstream analysis. However, there is a lack of tools specialized in identifying problematic samples from NGS data, often due to the limitation of sample size and variant counts. We developed SeqSQC, a Bioconductor package, to automate and accelerate sample cleaning in NGS data of any scale. SeqSQC is designed for efficient data storage and access, and equipped with interactive plots for intuitive data visualization to expedite the identification of problematic samples. SeqSQC is available at http://bioconductor.org/packages/SeqSQC.

16.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 19(4): 225-235.e2, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928413

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: GATA3 is a critical transcription factor in maintaining the differentiated state of luminal mammary epithelial cells. We sought to determine the prognostic and predictive roles of GATA3 genotypes for breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 2 breast cancer cohorts, including the SWOG S8897 trial where patients were treated with adjuvant chemotherapy (CAF [cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, 5-fluorouracil] vs. CMF [cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil]) or untreated, and the observational Pathways Study. RESULTS: In the S8897 trial, rs3802604 and rs568727 were associated with disease-free survival and overall survival in the treated group, regardless of chemotherapy regimen. The GG genotype of rs3802604 conferred poorer overall survival (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.45; 95% confidence interval, 1.48-4.05) and disease-free survival (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.95; 95% confidence interval, 1.27-2.99) compared with the AA genotype. Similar associations were found for rs568727. In contrast, no association with either SNP was found in the untreated group. Subgroup analyses indicated that these 2 SNPs more strongly influenced outcomes in the patients who also received tamoxifen. However, the associations in the subgroup with tamoxifen treatment were not replicated in the Pathways Study, possibly owing to substantial differences between the 2 patient cohorts, such as chemotherapy regimen and length of follow-up. Results from joint analyses across these 2 cohorts were marginally significant, driven by the results in S8897. Bioinformatic analyses support potential functional disruption of the GATA3 SNPs in breast tissue. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides some evidence for the predictive value of GATA3 genotypes for breast cancer adjuvant therapies. Future replication studies in appropriate patient populations are warranted.

17.
Cancer Med ; 8(4): 1845-1853, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864286

RESUMO

Young black women are at higher risk of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC); however, a majority of the genetic studies on cancer predisposition were carried out in White populations. The underrepresentation of minority racial/ethnic populations in cancer genetic studies may have led to disproportionate gaps in our knowledge of cancer predisposition genes in these populations. We surveyed the protein-truncating mutations at the exome-wide scale and in known breast cancer predisposition genes among 170 patients of multiple racial/ethnic groups with early-onset (≤age 50) TNBC from two independent cohorts. Black patients, on average, had a higher number of truncating mutations than Whites at the exome-wide level, but fewer truncating mutations in the panel of known breast cancer genes. White TNBC patients showed a strong enrichment of truncating variants in known breast cancer genes, whereas no such enrichment was found among Black patients. Our findings indicate likely more breast cancer disposition genes yet to be discovered in minority racial/ethnic groups, and the current multigene panels may result in unequal benefits from cancer genetic testing.

18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(9): 2563-2569, 2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734557

RESUMO

Monascus purpureus is an important food and drug microbial resource through the production of a variety of secondary metabolites, including monacolin K, a well-recognized cholesterol-lowering agent. However, the high production costs and naturally low contents of monacolin K have restricted its large-scale production. Thus, in this study we sought to improve the production of monacolin K in M. purpureus through overexpression of four genes ( mokC, mokD, mokE, and mokI). Four overexpression strains were successfully constructed by protoplast electric shock conversion, which resulted in a 234.3%, 220.8%, 89.5%, and 10% increase in the yield of monacolin K, respectively. The overexpression strains showed clear changes to the mycelium surface with obvious folds and the spores with depressions, whereas the pBC5 mycelium had a fuller structure with a flatter surface. Further investigation of these strains can provide the theoretical basis and technical support for the development of functional Monascus varieties.


Assuntos
Benzopiranos/metabolismo , Lovastatina/biossíntese , Lovastatina/genética , Monascus/genética , Pigmentos Biológicos/metabolismo , Policetídeos/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Engenharia Genética/métodos , Monascus/metabolismo
19.
J Vet Pharmacol Ther ; 42(3): 336-345, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30801755

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics and relative bioavailability of tilmicosin enteric granules and premix after oral administration at a dose of 40 mg/kg in pigs. Three kinds of different respiratory pathogens were selected for determination of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) to tilmicosin. Eight healthy pigs were assigned to a two-period, randomized crossover design. A modified rapid, sensitive HPLC method was used for determining the concentrations of tilmicosin in plasma. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by using WinNonlin 5.2 software. The MIC90 of tilmicosin against Haemophilus parasuis, Actinbacillus pleuropneumoniae, and Pasteurella multocida were all 8 µg/ml. These results indicated that these common pig respiratory bacteria are sensitive to tilmicosin. The main parameters of time to reach maximum plasma concentration (Tmax ), elimination half-life (t1/2ß ), mean residence time (MRT), and apparent volume of distribution (VF ) were 2.03 ± 0.37 hr, 29.31 ± 5.56 hr, 25.22 ± 2.57 hr, 4.06 ± 1.04 L/kg, and 3.05 ± 0.08 hr, 17.06 ± 1.77 hr, 15.55 ± 1.37 hr, 2.95 ± 0.62 L/kg after the orally administrated tilmicosin enteric granules and premix. The relative bioavailability of tilmicosin enteric granules to premix was 114.97 ± 7.19%, according to the AUC0-t values. These results demonstrated that tilmicosin enteric granules produced faster tilmicosin absorption, slower elimination, larger tissue distribution, and higher bioavailability compared to the tilmicosin premix. The present study results manifest that tilmicosin enteric granules can be used as a therapeutic alternative to premix in clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Tilosina/análogos & derivados , Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Oral , Animais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/sangue , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/veterinária , Estudos Cross-Over , Haemophilus parasuis/efeitos dos fármacos , Meia-Vida , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/veterinária , Pasteurella multocida/efeitos dos fármacos , Distribuição Aleatória , Suínos , Tilosina/administração & dosagem , Tilosina/sangue , Tilosina/farmacocinética , Tilosina/farmacologia
20.
Chem Asian J ; 14(7): 958-962, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30719869

RESUMO

It is a great challenge to rationally integrate multiple reactive sites into a composite material with confined nanospace, which can be applied as a nanoreactor to facilitate targeting catalytic reaction. In this work, an ionic metalloporphyrin has been encapsulated in situ into ZIF-8 for a solvent-free synthesis of cyclic carbonates from CO2 and epoxides without any co-catalyst under 1 atm CO2 .

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