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1.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131683, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351278

RESUMO

Butachlor being an important member of chloroacetanilide herbicides, is frequently used in agriculture to control unwanted weeds. Exposure to butachlor can induce cancer, human lymphocyte aberration, and immunotoxic effects in animals. The current experimental trial was executed to determine the potential risks of herbicide butachlor to immunotoxicity and its mechanism of adverse effects on the spleen. For this purpose, mice were exposed to 8 mg/kg butachlor for 28 days, and the toxicity of butachlor on the spleen of mice was evaluated. We found that butachlor exposure led to an increase in serum ALB, GLU, TC, TG, and TP and changes in the morphological structure of the spleen of mice. More importantly, results showed that butachlor significantly increased the expression level of ATG-5, decreased the protein expression of LC3B and M-TOR, and significantly decreased the mRNA content of M-TOR and p62. Results revealed that the mRNA contents of APAF-1, CYTC, and CASP-9 related genes were significantly decreased after butachlor treatment. Subsequently, the mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-10) were reduced in the spleen of treated mice. This study suggested that butachlor induce spleen toxicity and activate the immune response of spleen tissue by targeting the CYTC/BCL2/M-TOR pathway and caspase cascading activation of spleen autophagy and apoptosis pathways which may ultimately lead to immune system disorders.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Acetanilidas , Animais , Apoptose , Autofagia , Herbicidas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Baço
2.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 7238495, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790254

RESUMO

Objective: To uncover the application value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in the detection of pathogen in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and sputum samples. Methods: Totally, 32 patients with pulmonary infection were included. Pathogens in BALF and sputum samples were tested simultaneously by routine microbial culture and mNGS. Main infected pathogens (bacteria, fungi, and viruses) and their distribution in BALF and sputum samples were analyzed. Moreover, the diagnostic performance of mNGS in paired BALF and sputum samples was assessed. Results: The pathogen culture results were positive in 9 patients and negative in 13 patients. No statistical differences were recorded on the sensitivity (78.94% vs. 63.15%, p = 0.283) and specificity (62.50% vs. 75.00%, p = 0.375) of mNGS diagnosis in bacteria and fungus in two types of samples. As shown in mNGS detection, 10 patients' two samples were both positive, 13 patients' two samples were both negative, 7 patients were only positive in BALF samples, and 2 patients' sputum samples were positive. Main viruses mNGS detected were EB virus, human adenovirus 5, herpes simplex virus type 1, and human cytomegalovirus. Kappa consensus analysis indicated that mNGS showed significant consistency in detecting pathogens in two samples, no matter bacteria (p < 0.001), fungi (p = 0.026), or viruses (p = 0.008). Conclusion: mNGS showed no statistical differences in sensitivity and specificity of pathogen detection in BALF and sputum samples. Under certain conditions, sputum samples might be more suitable for pathogen detection because of invasiveness of BALF samples.

3.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(30): 8999-9010, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke has a great influence on the patient's mental health, and reasonable psychological adjustment and disease perception can promote the recovery of mental health. AIM: To explore the relationships among resilience, coping style, and uncertainty in illness of stroke patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was used to investigate 154 stroke patients who were diagnosed and treated at eight medical institutes in Henan province, China from October to December 2019. We used the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire to test the uncertainty in illness, resilience, and coping style, respectively. RESULTS: Resilience had a significant moderating role in the correlation between coping style and unpredictability and information deficiency for uncertainty in illness (P < 0.05). Further, the tenacity and strength dimensions of resilience mediated the correlation between the confrontation coping style and complexity, respectively (P < 0.05). The strength dimension of resilience mediated the correlation between an avoidance coping style and the unpredictability of uncertainty in illness (P < 0.05), as well as correlated with resignation, complexity, and unpredictability (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Resilience has moderating and mediating roles in the associations between coping style and uncertainty in illness, indicating that it is vital to improve resilience and consider positive coping styles for stroke patients in the prevention and control of uncertainty in illness.

5.
Front Vet Sci ; 8: 737160, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552978

RESUMO

Gout is a disease involving abnormal purine metabolism that is widespread in mammals and birds. Goose is especially susceptible for gout in early stage. However, a few studies investigated the ontogenetic pattern of goslings with purine metabolic abnormality. Our studies were conducted to investigate whether persistent purine metabolic abnormality would lead to aggravation of visceral inflammation and intestinal microbiota dysbiosis in goose. A total of 132 1-day-old Magang geese were randomly divided into six replicates and fed a high-calcium and protein meal-based diet from 1 to 28 days. The experiment lasted for 28 days. Liver and kidney damages were observed in 14- and 28-day-old Magang geese, and liver inflammation increased with increasing age. In 28-day-old Magang geese, serum CAT and liver GSH-Px activity were significantly reduced. Furthermore, jejunum intestinal barrier was impaired and the abundance of Bacteroides was significantly reduced at the genus level. Collectively, the high-calcium and high-protein (HCP) meal-based diet caused liver and kidney damage in 28-day-old Magang geese, leading to hyperuricemia and gout symptoms, and the intestinal barrier is impaired and the intestinal flora is disrupted.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19396, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588551

RESUMO

Fibrosis is characterized by the excessive production of collagen and other extracellular matrix (ECM) components and represents a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Previous studies of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with fibrosis were largely restricted to bulk transcriptome profiles. Thus, our understanding of this disease is limited by an incomplete characterization of liver cell types in general and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in particular, given that activated HSCs are the major hepatic fibrogenic cell population. To help fill this gap, we profiled 17,810 non-parenchymal cells derived from six healthy human livers. In conjunction with public single-cell data of fibrotic/cirrhotic human livers, these profiles enable the identification of potential intercellular signaling axes (e.g., ITGAV-LAMC1, TNFRSF11B-VWF and NOTCH2-DLL4) and master regulators (e.g., RUNX1 and CREB3L1) responsible for the activation of HSCs during fibrogenesis. Bulk RNA-seq data of NASH patient livers and rodent models for liver fibrosis of diverse etiologies allowed us to evaluate the translatability of candidate therapeutic targets for NASH-related fibrosis. We identified 61 liver fibrosis-associated genes (e.g., AEBP1, PRRX1 and LARP6) that may serve as a repertoire of translatable drug target candidates. Consistent with the above regulon results, gene regulatory network analysis allowed the identification of CREB3L1 as a master regulator of many of the 61 genes. Together, this study highlights potential cell-cell interactions and master regulators that underlie HSC activation and reveals genes that may represent prospective hallmark signatures for liver fibrosis.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thoracic surgery often causes postoperative delirium (POD) in geriatric patients. This study aimed to explore the effect of ultrasound-guided continuous thoracic paravertebral block (UG-TPVB) on POD in geriatric patients undergoing pulmonary resection. METHODS: Total 128 patients who underwent pulmonary resection were randomly allocated to either the conventional patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) group or the UG-TPVB group (n = 64 per group). The consumption of opioid agents (propofol and remifentanil), postoperative hospital stay, postoperative pulmonary atelectasis, postoperative nausea/vomiting, and postoperative itchiness were recorded. The diagnosis of delirium was dependent on the Nursing Delirium Screening Scale. The postoperative pain was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) score. The serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α were used to evaluate the postoperative neuroinflammation. RESULTS: The consumption of propofol and remifentanil, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative pulmonary atelectasis, postoperative nausea/vomiting, and postoperative itchiness in the UG-TPVB group were lower than that in the PCA group. Compared with the PCA group, the prevalence of POD was decreased in the UG-TPVB group. In addition, use of UG-TPVB not only reduced postoperative pain (VAS score) but also decreased postoperative neuroinflammation compared with PCA in geriatric patients undergoing pulmonary resection. CONCLUSIONS: This study determined the benefits of UG-TPVB over PCA, providing an effectiveness approach to alleviate POD in geriatric patients undergoing pulmonary resection.

8.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(8): 2398-2399, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34345707

RESUMO

Sauvagesia rhodoleuca is an endangered and national key protected species of China, with limited natural distribution in Guangdong and Guangxi, Southern China. Here we reported the first complete chloroplast genome of S. rhodoleuca using genome skimming approach. The chloroplast genome is 157,300 bp in length, with a large single-copy region (LSC) of 86,021 bp and a small single-copy region (SSC) of 18,137 bp separated by a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 26,571 bp. It encodes 112 unique genes, including 80 protein-coding genes, 28 transfer RNA genes, and four ribosomal RNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis results strongly supported that S. rhodoleuca was closely related to Medusagyne oppositifolia.

9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 224: 112662, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411823

RESUMO

Fluorine being a well-known and essential element for normal physiological functions of tissues of different organisms is frequently used for growth and development of body. The mechanisms of adverse and injurious impacts of fluoride are not clear and still are under debate. Therefore, this study was executed to ascertain the potential mechanisms of sodium fluoride in liver tissues of ducks. For this purpose, a total of 14 ducks were randomly divided and kept in two groups including control group and sodium fluoride treated group. The ducks in control group were fed with normal diet while the ducks in other group were exposed to sodium fluoride (750 mg/kg) for 28 days. The results showed that exposure to sodium fluoride induced deleterious effects in different liver tissues of ducks. The results indicated that mRNA levels of Cas-3, Cas-9, p53, Apaf-1, Bax and Cyt-c were increased in treated ducks with significantly higher mRNA level of Cas-9 and lower levels of the mRNA level of Bcl-2 as compared to untreated control group (P < 0.01). The results showed that protein expression levels of Bax and p53 were increased while protein expression level of Bcl-2 was reduced in treated ducks. No difference was observed in protein expression level of Cas-3 between treated and untreated ducks. The results of this study suggest that sodium fluoride damages the normal structure of liver and induces abnormal process of apoptosis in hepatocyte, which provide a new idea for elucidating the mechanisms of sodium fluoride induced hepatotoxicity in ducks.

10.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 30(7): 864-867, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271795

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the diagnostic significance of serum protein electrophoresis and immunofixation electrophoresis detection in diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM). One hundred and five patients were investigated. The detection rate of M protein by immunofixation electrophoresis detection was better (105 cases, 100%) than that of serum protein electrophoresis (101 cases, 96.19%, p<0.001). The M band was not detected by serum protein electrophoresis in four cases (3.81%), among which one case (0.95%) was identified as IgA type and 3 cases (2.86%) as light chain type after immunoglobulin analysis. Immunofixation electrophoresis detection technique can be used for screening M protein in patients with atypical MM; and immunofixation electrophoresis detection technique can increase the diagnosis accuracy in patients with atypical MM. Key Words: Multiple myeloma (MM), Serum protein electrophoresis, Immunofixation electrophoresis, Monoclonal immunoglobulin.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Eletroforese das Proteínas Sanguíneas , Eletroforese , Humanos , Imunoeletroforese , Cadeias Leves de Imunoglobulina , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico
11.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 4174-4182, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288799

RESUMO

Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response caused by infection and is a major cause of neonatal death. This study explored the miR-455-5p in neonatal sepsis, and further investigated the diagnostic and prognostic value of miR-455-5p in neonatal sepsis (NS). The levels of serum miR-455-5p in 88 healthy controls and 90 NS patients were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Pearson correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the correlation between miR-455-5p and clinical features. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed for the diagnostic evaluation on miR-455-5p. The prognostic value of miR-455-5p in NS was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curve and multivariate Cox regression. The expression of serum miR-455-5p in NS patients was highly expressed in comparison to healthy controls (P < 0.001), and the level of miR-455-5p was positively correlated with white blood cell count (WBC) and other clinical characteristics (P < 0.01). The AUC value of ROC curve was 0.895, suggesting that miR-455-5p had diagnostic value for NS. Survival analysis illustrated that patient with high miR-455-5p expression had poor prognosis (log rank P = 0.015), and miR-455-5p may be a potential prognostic marker for NS (HR = 3.454, 95% CI = 1.165-10.234, P = 0.025). The expression of miR-455-5p had the ability to distinguish NS from healthy people, and highly expressed miR-455-5p was associated with poor prognosis in NS patients.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Sepse Neonatal/sangue , Sepse Neonatal/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Sepse Neonatal/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC
12.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 16(21): 1873-1885, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269596

RESUMO

Aim: To develop a timely and accurate method for predicting acute myeloid leukemia (AML) prognosis after chemotherapy treatment by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). Methods: Biomolecular differences between AML patients with good and poor prognosis and individuals without AML were investigated based on SERS measurements of bone marrow supernatant fluid samples. Multivariate analysis was implemented on the SERS measurements to establish an AML prognostic model. Results: Significant differences in amino acid, saccharide and lipid levels were observed between AML patients with good and poor prognoses. The AML prognostic model achieved a prediction accuracy of 84.78%. Conclusion: The proposed method could be a potential diagnostic tool for timely and precise prediction of AML prognosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Análise Espectral Raman , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico
13.
Poult Sci ; 100(8): 101238, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34157559

RESUMO

Hypervirulent fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (hvFAdV-4) has emerged as a major pathogen of hepatitis-hydropericardium syndrome (HHS) with increased mortality in chickens, resulting in economic losses to the Chinese poultry industry since June 2015. Here, we isolated a hypervirulent FAdV-4 (hvFAdV-4) strain (designated GD616) from 25-day-old meat-type chickens with severe HHS in Guangdong Province China in June 2017. The whole genome of the strain GD616 shares high homology with those in the recently-reported hvFAdV-4 isolates in China, with natural deletions of ORF19 and ORF27. A comparative analysis of Hexon and Fiber-2 proteins revealed that 2 unique amino acid residues at positions 378 and 453 of the Fiber-2 protein might be associated with virulence due to their occurrences in all the hvFAdV-4 isolates only. To systemically evaluate the effect of age on the susceptibility of chickens to hvFAdV-4, we used this hvFAdV-4 strain to intramuscularly inoculate 7- to 180-day-old specific-pathogen-free chickens for the evaluation of pathogenicity. These results showed that the pathogenicity of the hvFAdV-4 strain GD616 to chickens exhibited age-relatedness, with younger than 59-day-old chickens showing 100% morbidity and mortality, while 180-day-old chickens still exhibited a hydropericardium syndrome-like clinicopathology with 60% morbidity and 20% mortality. These findings enrich the current available knowledge regarding the pathogenicity of the hypervirulent FAdV-4 virus in chickens with a wide range of ages, which assists with the selection of suitable-aged chickens for the evaluation of hvFAdV-4 vaccines.


Assuntos
Infecções por Adenoviridae , Aviadenovirus , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Adenoviridae , Infecções por Adenoviridae/veterinária , Animais , Aviadenovirus/genética , Galinhas , China , Filogenia , Sorogrupo , Virulência
14.
Front Oncol ; 11: 616809, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34150610

RESUMO

As an oncolytic virus, Newcastle disease virus (NDV) can specifically kill tumor cells and has been tested as an attractive oncolytic agent for cancer virotherapy. Virus infection can trigger the changes of the cellular microRNA (miRNA) expression profile, which can greatly influence viral replication and pathogenesis. However, the interplay between NDV replication and cellular miRNA expression in tumor cells is still largely unknown. In the present study, we compared the profiles of cellular miRNAs in uninfected and NDV-infected HeLa cells by small RNA deep sequencing. Here we report that NDV infection in HeLa cells significantly changed the levels of 40 miRNAs at 6 h post-infection (hpi) and 62 miRNAs at 12 hpi. Among 23 highly differentially expressed miRNAs, NDV infection greatly promoted the levels of 3 miRNAs and suppressed the levels of 20 miRNAs at both time points. These 23 miRNAs are predicted to target various genes involved in virus replication and antiviral immunity such as ErbB, Jak-STAT, NF-kB and RIG-I-like receptor. Verification of deep sequencing results by quantitative RT-PCR showed that 9 out of 10 randomly selected miRNAs chosen from this 23-miRNA pool were consistent with deep sequencing data, including 6 down-regulated and 3 up-regulated. Further functional research revealed that hsa-miR-4521, a constituent in this 23-miRNA pool, inhibited NDV replication in HeLa cells. Moreover, dual-luciferase and gene expression array uncovered that the member A of family with sequence similarity 129 (FAM129A) was directly targeted by hsa-miR-4521 and positively regulated NDV replication in HeLa cells, indicating that hsa-miR-4521 may regulate NDV replication via interaction with FAM129A. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the dynamic cellular miRNA expression profile in tumor cells after NDV infection and may provide a valuable basis for further investigation on the roles of miRNAs in NDV-mediated oncolysis.

15.
Chemosphere ; 283: 131226, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146870

RESUMO

Butachlor is a systemic herbicide widely applied on wheat, rice, beans, and different other crops, and is frequently detected in groundwater, surface water, and soil. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the potential adverse health risks and the underlying mechanisms of hepatotoxicity caused by exposure to butachlor in invertebrates, other nontarget animals, and public health. For this reason, a total of 20 mice were obtained and randomly divided into two groups. The experimental mice in one group were exposed to butachlor (8 mg/kg) and the mice in control group received normal saline. The liver tissues were obtained from each mice at day 21 of the trial. Results indicated that exposure to butachlor induced hepatotoxicity in terms of swelling of hepatocyte, disorders in the arrangement of hepatic cells, increased concentrations of different serum enzymes such as alkaline phosphate (ALP) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). The results on the mechanisms of liver toxicity indicated that butachlor induced overexpression of Apaf-1, Bax, Caspase-3, Caspase-9, Cyt-c, p53, Beclin-1, ATG-5, and LC3, whereas decreases the expression of Bcl-2 and p62 suggesting abnormal processes of apoptosis and autophagy. Results on different metabolites (61 differential metabolites) revealed upregulation of PE and LysoPC, whereas downregulation of SM caused by butachlor exposure in mice led to the disruption of glycerophospholipids and lipid metabolism in the liver. The results of our experimental research indicated that butachlor induces hepatotoxic effects through disruption of lipid metabolism, abnormal mechanisms of autophagy, and apoptosis that provides new insights into the elucidation of the mechanisms of hepatotoxicity in mice induced by butachlor.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Acetanilidas/toxicidade , Animais , Herbicidas/toxicidade , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Fígado , Camundongos
16.
BMC Microbiol ; 21(1): 170, 2021 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The unique climatic conditions of the Xinjiang region nurture rich melon and fruit resources, the melon and fruit sugar sources provide sufficient nutrients for the survival of yeast, and the diverse habitats accompanied by extreme climatic conditions promote the production of yeast diversity and strain resources. However, the relationship between yeast species and their relationship with environmental factors in the soil of Xinjiang specialty cash crop Hami melon is not clear. Here, we aimed to characterize the diversity, community structure, and relationship between yeast species and environmental factors in Hami melon orchards soils in different regions of Xinjiang, China. RESULTS: Based on Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing analysis of the D1 domain of the LSU rRNA genes, the community richness of yeast in the soil of Northern Xinjiang was higher than in the Southern and Eastern Xinjiang, but the community diversity was significantly lower in the Northern Xinjiang than in the Southern and Eastern Xinjiang. A total of 86 OTUs were classified into 59 genera and 86 species. Most OTUs (90.4%) belonged to the Basidiomycota; only a few (9.6%) belonged to Ascomycota. The most dominant species in the Southern, Eastern and Northern Xinjiang were Filobasidium magnum (17.90%), Solicoccozyma aeria (35.83%) and Filobasidium magnum (75.36%), respectively. Principal coordinates analysis (PCoA) showed that the yeast community composition in the soils of the three regions were obviously different, with the Southern and Eastern Xinjiang having more similar yeast community. Redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that soil factors such as conductivity (CO), total phosphorus (TP) and Total potassium (TK) and climate factors such as average annual precipitation (PRCP), relative humidity (RH) and net solar radiation intensity (SWGNT) were significantly correlated with yeast communities (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: There are abundant yeast resources in the rhizosphere soil of Hami melon orchard in Xinjiang, and there are obvious differences in the diversity and community structure of yeast in the three regions of Xinjiang. Differences in climatic factors related to precipitation, humidity and solar radiation intensity and soil factors related to conductivity, total phosphorus and total potassium are key factors driving yeast diversity and community structure.

17.
Spinal Cord ; 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075205

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Article. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the association of age-adjusted D-dimer (AAD) with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) risk to lower limbs in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Rehabilitation Medicine Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of China University of Science and Technology. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 250 patients with SCI in the rehabilitation department from August 2018 to December 2021. Quartiles divided the D-dimer level into four groups to analyze the association between AAD level and DVT risk. RESULTS: Age was identified as a covariate of D-dimer and DVT risk. For non-adjusted model, when D-dimer increased by 1 mg/L, DVT risk increased 0.23-fold (P < 0.05); for minimally-adjusted model (adjusted for age), the risk increased 0.22-fold (P < 0.05); and for fully-adjusted model (adjusted for age, sex, pulmonary infection, degree, grades, and career), it increased 0.19-fold (P < 0.05). AAD had a curvilinear association with DVT risk, and the fold point was 1.9 mg/L (P < 0.05). When serum AAD level was <1.9 mg/L (K < 1.9), the estimated change in DVT risk was 3.34 (P < 0.05), and when serum AAD level was >1.9 mg/L (K > 1.9), the estimated change was 1.14 (P < 0.05). Urinary tract infection (UTI) and fibrinogen(tertile) had a interaction association with D-dimer level and DVT risk (P interaction < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Patients with SCI who receive rehabilitation treatment with AAD level >1.9 mg/L need to be paid close attention to, especially those with UTI and high levels of fibrinogen.

18.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 679341, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34113334

RESUMO

Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) is a recently discovered virus with potentially significant implications on the global swine industry. PCV3 replication involves the entry of the viral capsid (Cap) protein with nucleolar localization signals into the nucleus. Using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis, nucleolar phosphoprotein NPM1 was identified as one of the cellular proteins bound to PCV3 Cap. Co-immunoprecipitation demonstrated that PCV3 Cap interacts directly with NPM1, where the region binding with NPM1 is mapped to amino acid residues 1-38 of Cap. Upon co-transfection, the expression of Cap protein promoted the redistribution of NPM1, which translocated from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and colocalized with Cap in cultured PK15 cells. NPM1 expression was upregulated and translocated from the nucleus to the cytoplasm in PCV3-infected cells, upon siRNA-mediated depletion, or upon treatment with NPM1 inhibitor in PK15 cells with impaired PCV3 replication, as evidenced by decreased levels of viral DNA synthesis and protein expression. By contrast, the replication of PCV3 was enhanced in stably NPM1-expressing cells via a lentivirus-delivered system. Taken together, these findings indicate that NPM1 interacts with PCV3 Cap and plays a crucial role in PCV3 replication.

19.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 260: 119978, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077861

RESUMO

Cryptococcus neoformans (C. neoformans) is a causative agent for acute pulmonary infection, which can further develop to lethal meningoencephalitis if untreated. The meningoencephalitis infection can be prevented, if timely treatment on pulmonary cryptococcal infection can be implemented based on its early diagnosis and accurate assessment. In this study, blood serum surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) method was investigated on identification and assessment of pulmonary C. neoformans infection. The serum SERS measurements were collected from the mice infected with C. neoformans and the healthy mice, in which the infected mice were further divided into four subgroups according to the duration of infection. Based on those SRES measurements, biochemical differences were analyzed among those different groups to investigate the potential biomarkers for identifying and assessing the pulmonary C. neoformans infection. Furthermore, partial least square (PLS) analysis followed by linear discriminant analysis (LDA) model was employed to identify pulmonary cryptococcal infection and to assess the degrees of infection with the accuracies of 96.7% and 85.3%, respectively. Therefore, our study has demonstrated the great clinical potential of using serum SERS technique for an accurate identification and assessment of pulmonary cryptococcal infection.


Assuntos
Criptococose , Cryptococcus neoformans , Animais , Criptococose/diagnóstico , Pulmão , Camundongos , Soro , Análise Espectral Raman
20.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 413(16): 4289-4299, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963880

RESUMO

Adrenal tumors are common tumors in urology and they can be further divided into functioning and nonfunctioning tumors according to whether there is uncommon endocrine function. In clinical practice, the early identification and accurate assessment of adrenal tumors are essential for the guidance of subsequent treatment. However, a nonfunctioning adrenal tumor often lacks obvious clinical symptoms, making it difficult to be timely and precisely diagnosed by conventional examinations. Therefore, a rapid and accurate method for identifying the functioning and nonfunctioning adrenal tumors is urgently required to achieve precise treatment of adrenal tumors. In this study, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy was investigated as a diagnostic tool to identify the blood serum samples from healthy volunteers as well as the patients with functioning and nonfunctioning adrenal tumors. Based on the SERS peak analysis, abnormal glycolysis, DNA/RNA, and amino acid metabolites were found to be potential biomarkers for identifying patients with adrenal tumors, while metabolites related to disordered protein catabolism and excessive hormone secretion were expected to further differentiate functioning adrenal tumors from nonfunctioning adrenal tumors. In addition, principal component analysis followed by support vector machine (PCA-SVM) was further applied on those serum SERS measurements, and the classification accuracies of 96.8% and 84.5% were achieved for differentiating healthy group versus adrenal tumor group and functioning adrenal tumor group versus nonfunctioning adrenal tumor group, respectively. The results have demonstrated the prodigious potential of precise adrenal tumor diagnosis by using the blood serum surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy technique.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/sangue , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico , Adulto , Aminoácidos/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Feminino , Glicólise , Humanos , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Componente Principal , Prata/química , Propriedades de Superfície
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