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1.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 3, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The propensity of the activated neutrophils to form extracellular traps (NETs) is demonstrated in multiple inflammatory conditions. In this study, we investigated the roles of NETs in metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and further explored the underlying mechanism of how NETs affect metastasis as well as the therapeutic value. METHODS: The neutrophils were isolated from the blood of human HCC patients and used to evaluate the formation of NETs. The expression of NET markers was detected in tumor specimens. A LPS-induced NET model was used to investigate the role of NETs on HCC metastasis. RNA-seq was performed to identify the key molecular event triggered by NETs, and their underlying mechanism and therapeutic significance were explored using both in vitro and in vivo assays. RESULTS: NET formation was enhanced in neutrophils derived from HCC patients, especially those with metastatic HCCs. NETs trapped HCC cells and subsequently induced cell-death resistance and enhanced invasiveness to trigger their metastatic potential, which was mediated by internalization of NETs into trapped HCC cells and activation of Toll-like receptors TLR4/9-COX2 signaling. Inhibition of TLR4/9-COX2 signaling abrogated the NET-aroused metastatic potential. A combination of DNase 1 directly wrecking NETs with anti-inflammation drugs aspirin/hydroxychloroquine effectively reduced HCC metastasis in mice model. CONCLUSIONS: NETs trigger tumorous inflammatory response and fuel HCC metastasis. Targeting NETs rather than neutrophils themselves can be a practice strategy against HCC metastasis.

2.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808060

RESUMO

Surgical pleth index (SPI) has been widely investigated in assessing the nociceptive level. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between SPI level and patient responses to trachea intubation and skin incision. A total of 40 patients undergoing open abdominal general surgery were recruited for analyses. The patients were monitored with electrocardiogram, non-invasive blood pressure, SpO2, invasive blood pressure and SPI before anesthesia induction. Anesthesia was induced with midazolam, propofol, sufentanil and rocuronium and maintained with sufentanil and sevoflurane. Blood pressure, heart rate and SPI were recorded for analyses during the peri-intubation and peri-incision periods. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to analyze the predictive value of blood pressure, heart rate (HR) and SPI for hemodynamic responses for trachea intubation and skin incision. SPI had a similar changing trend to systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). The SPI level was linearly correlated with SBP, DBP and HR. SPI increased significantly after intubation and incision in patients with positive but not negative responses to intubation and incision. The ROC analysis showed that only SBP level is predictive of intubation responses. These data suggested that SPI elevated under the noxious stimulation by intubation and incision, but it was not predictive of the hemodynamic responses to intubation and incision.

3.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 9749-9759, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819613

RESUMO

Purpose: DNA methylation plays major regulatory roles in gene transcription. Our previous studies confirmed that Ki-67 promoter is hypomethylated and Sp1 is a transcriptional activator of Ki-67 gene in cancer cells. However, whether Sp1-mediated transcriptional activation of Ki-67 is related to its methylation has not been studied yet. Materials and methods: In this study, we confirmed that methylated CpG binding protein 2 (MBD2) binding to methylated DNA hindered the binding of Sp1 to Ki-67 promoter and then repressed Ki-67 transcription through chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), ChIP, methylation-specific PCR (MS-PCR) and Western blot were utilized to analyze the effects of Sp1 binding to Ki-67 promoter on its methylation status. Results: Less DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) bound to the Ki-67 promoter in MKN45 cells than in HK-2 cells. Histone acetyltransferase p300 that was recruited by Sp1 to Ki-67 promoter could attenuate the methylation level of Ki-67 promoter. Furthermore, higher expression of Sp1 and Ki-67 was related to the overall survival (OS), first progression (FP) and post-progression survival (PPS) in gastric cancer by scrutinizing bioinformatics datasets. Conclusion: Taken together, our findings suggested that hypomethylation of Ki-67 promoter enhanced the binding of Sp1, which in turn maintained hypomethylation of promoter, leading to increase Ki-67 expression in cancer cells. Sp1 and Ki-67 could act promising prognostic biomarkers for clinical diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

5.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19141, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844104

RESUMO

Primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE) is a heterogeneous disorder, which remains a difficult condition to manage due to lack of knowledge on the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Here we investigated the underlying neuropathological mechanisms of PMNE with functional MRI (fMRI), combining the amplitude of low frequency fluctuation (ALFF), regional homogeneity (ReHo), and seed-based functional connectivity (seed-based FC) analyses. Compared to the control group, PMNE group showed decreased ALFF value in the left medial orbital superior frontal gyrus (Frontal_Med_Orb_L), and increased ReHo value in the left superior occipital gyrus (Occipital_Sup_L). With left thalamus as the seed, PMNE group showed significantly decreased functional connectivity to the left medial superior frontal gyrus (Frontal_Sup_Medial_L). We conclude that these abnormal brain activities are probably important neuropathological mechanisms of PMNE in children. Furthermore, this study facilitated the understanding of underlying pathogenesis of PMNE and may provide an objective basis for the effective treatment.

6.
Eur J Radiol ; 123: 108777, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855655

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To characterize brown adipose tissue (BAT) in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients in comparison to healthy subjects using Z-spectral imaging (ZSI). METHOD: ZSI data were collected on 19 normal control females (NCF), 17 males (NCM), and 13 PCOS patients. By fitting to multiple Lorentzian functions, ZSI provides fat-water fraction (FWF) of tissue in the supraclavicular area that can be used to differentiate between white adipose tissue (WAT), BAT, and muscle. The fraction of BAT over the total fat depot (BATf) and the average FWF in BAT or FWF(BAT) were then computed, reflecting relative BAT mass and BAT metabolism respectively. The parameters were compared among the three groups, and the correlations to Body Mass Index (BMI) were also quantified. RESULTS: There was an inverse correlation between BATf and BMI in normal subjects. The BATf of the PCOS group was significantly smaller than the NCF (P < 0.001). On the other hand, FWF(BAT) correlated linearly with BMI in healthy subjects. The PCOS group had higher FWF(BAT) than the NCF group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Normal subjects with higher BMI show less BATf and have increased FWF(BAT), indicating relatively higher level of metabolic passive WAT depot and relatively reduced metabolism in their BAT depots. PCOS patients have the least BATf and the highest FWF(BAT), suggesting decreased BAT mass and function in PCOS. Novel imaging technique with ZSI for the characterization of BAT mass and function in PCOS may help to monitor treatment responses of PCOS therapies.

7.
Bioorg Chem ; 95: 103501, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864905

RESUMO

In high fat diet-induced obese mice, the flavonoid derivative of tiliroside, Fla-CN, has antihyperglycemic effects, can improve insulin sensitivity, ameliorate metabolic lipid disorders, and benefits certain disorders characterized by insulin resistance. Fla-CN is a novel lead compound to discovery anti-diabetic and anti-obesity drugs. The present study reported the optimization of Fla-CN to obtain a new derivative, 10b, which has improved glucose consumption at the nanomolar level (EC50 = 0.3 nM) in insulin resistant (IR) HepG2 cells. 10b also increased the glycogen content and glucose uptake, and concurrently inhibited gluconeogenesis in HepG2 cells. Western blotting showed that 10b markedly enhanced the phosphorylation of AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) and AS160 (protein kinase B substrate of 160 kDa) and reduced the levels of the gluconeogenesis key enzymes PEPCK (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase) and G6P (glucose 6-phosphatase) in HepG2 cells. The potential molecular mechanism of 10b may be activation of the AMPK/AS160 and AMPK/PEPCK/G6P pathways. We concluded that 10b might be a valuable candidate to discover anti-diabetic drugs.

8.
Zool Res ; : 1-16, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840949

RESUMO

Hypobaric hypoxia (HH) exposure can cause serious brain injury as well as life-threatening cerebral edema in severe cases. Previous studies on the mechanisms of HH-induced brain injury have been conducted primarily using non-primate animal models that are genetically distant to humans, thus hindering the development of disease treatment. Here, we report that cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) exposed to acute HH developed human-like HH syndrome involving severe brain injury and abnormal behavior. Transcriptome profiling of white blood cells and brain tissue from monkeys exposed to increasing altitude revealed the central role of the HIF-1 and other novel signaling pathways, such as the vitamin D receptor (VDR) signaling pathway, in co-regulating HH-induced inflammation processes. We also observed profound transcriptomic alterations in brains after exposure to acute HH, including the activation of angiogenesis and impairment of aerobic respiration and protein folding processes, which likely underlie the pathological effects of HH-induced brain injury. Administration of progesterone (PROG) and steroid neuroprotectant 5α-androst-3ß,5,6ß-triol (TRIOL) significantly attenuated brain injuries and rescued the transcriptomic changes induced by acute HH. Functional investigation of the affected genes suggested that these two neuroprotectants protect the brain by targeting different pathways, with PROG enhancing erythropoiesis and TRIOL suppressing glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. Thus, this study advances our understanding of the pathology induced by acute HH and provides potential compounds for the development of neuroprotectant drugs for therapeutic treatment.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18036, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860954

RESUMO

Cullin 4A (CUL4A) is a protein of E3 ubiquitin ligase with many cellular processes. CUL4A could regulate cell cycle, development, apoptosis, and genome instability. This study aimed to analyze the expression of CUL4A in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tissues and the associations of CUL4A expression with prognostic significance. A total of 115 NPC patients were collected to assess the protein expression of CUL4A by immunohistochemistry, so as to analyze the relationships between CUL4A expression and clinicopathological and prognostic parameters. All patients were followed-up until death or 5 years. The results showed that high expression of CUL4A was significantly associated with larger primary tumor size (P = .026), higher nodal status (P = .013), more distant metastasis (P = .020), and higher TNM stage (P = .005). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that patients with higher CUL4A expression had significantly shorter overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) (both P < .001). In multivariate Cox analysis, CUL4A is an independent prognostic factor for OS (P = .016; hazard ratio [HR] = 2.770, 95% CI: 1.208-6.351) and PFS (P = .022; HR = 2.311, 95% CI: 1.126-4.743). In conclusion, high expression of CUL4A was associated with advanced disease status of NPC, and might serve as an independent prognostic factor.


Assuntos
Proteínas Culina/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , China , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
J Mol Histol ; 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865502

RESUMO

IgG4-related sialadenitis (IgG4-RS) is a chronic fibro-inflammatory disease characterized by swelling of salivary glands and varying degrees of xerostomia. Tight junctions (TJs) play an essential role in maintaining secretory function by regulating the paracellular flow of ions and water. However, whether TJs are altered and contribute to the hyposecretion in IgG4-RS is not fully understood. Here, a total of 399 differentially expressed proteins were identified in IgG4-RS submandibular glands (SMGs) and enriched in the regulation of actin cytoskeleton and the salivary secretion. Real-time PCR results showed that the mRNA levels of claudin-3, -4, -6, -7, -8, -10, -12, occludin, and ZO-1 were significantly lower, whereas claudin-1 and -5 were higher in IgG4-RS SMGs. Immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence staining revealed that claudin-1, -3, -4, occludin, and ZO-1 were mainly distributed at apicolateral membranes in acini and ducts of SMGs from controls, whereas claudin-1 protein intensity at apicolateral membrane was elevated, while the staining of claudin-3, -4, and ZO-1 were reduced in IgG4-RS SMGs. Occludin was dispersed into cytoplasm of acini and ducts in SMGs of patients. Among them, claudin-3 and ZO-1 protein levels were positively correlated with saliva flow rate. Furthermore, the decreased fluorescence intensity of F-actin at peri-apicolateral membranes and the loss of ZO-1 staining at the same location were observed in acinar and ductal cells of IgG4-RS SMGs, which might be responsible for disorganization of TJ complex. Taken together, these findings indicate that the integrity of TJ complex of SMGs is impaired and might contribute to hyposalivation of IgG4-RS patients.

11.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(10): 756-763, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700515

RESUMO

Background: Sarcopenia is a progressive and generalized skeletal muscle disorder that is associated with an increased likelihood of adverse outcomes, including falls, fractures, physical disability, and mortality. However, there have been few systematic studies of the prevalence and prognostic values of sarcopenia in older patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in hospitalized older patients with CHD, and to prospectively evaluate the effect of sarcopenia on the short-term prognosis of these patients. Methods: Patients aged ≥ 65 years, with the diagnosis of CHD from Peking Union Medical College Hospital between December 2017 and November 2018, were included. Sarcopenia was diagnosed according to consensus of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia in 2014. Follow-up items included unscheduled return visits, occurrence of major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE), and all-cause mortality. The MACCE-free survival curve of sarcopenic and non-sarcopenic older patients with CHD was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the association between sarcopenia and an unscheduled return visits, MACCE, and all-cause mortality. Results: A total of 345 older patients with CHD were enrolled in the study, with a median age of 74 years. Among the patients, 78 (22.6%) were diagnosed with sarcopenia. During the follow-up time, there were significantly more unscheduled return visits in sarcopenic patients than in non-sarcopenic patients (34.2% vs. 21.8%, χ2 = 4.418, P = 0.036), while there was no significant difference in the occurrence of MACCE (χ2 = 2.869, P = 0.09) or all-cause mortality (χ2 = 1.673, P = 0.196) between these patient groups. The Kaplan-Meier curve showed that the MACCE-free survival time of sarcopenic patients was significantly shorter than that in non-sarcopenic patients (χ2 = 4.102, P = 0.043). After adjusting for sex, age, and the Charlson comorbidity index, sarcopenia was not an independent risk factor of unscheduled return visits (HR = 1.002, 95% CI: 0.556-1.807). However, the complication of anxiety and depression was an independent risk factor (HR = 1.876, 95% CI: 1.012-3.477, P = 0.046) for unscheduled return visits in older patients with CHD. Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of sarcopenia among hospitalized older adults with CHD. A shorter MACCE-free survival time and more unscheduled return visits are found in sarcopenic older patients with CHD. Clinicians should pay more attention to the functional status of older patients with CHD, as well as identification and management of geriatric syndromes.

12.
J Cancer ; 10(26): 6673-6680, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777596

RESUMO

Emerging evidence revealed the critical role of systematic inflammation in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). In the present study, we reviewed the records of 279 patients with advanced PDAC. Among them, 147 cases were used as the training cohort and another 132 as the validation cohort. In the training cohort, distant metastasis, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) were independent prognostic factors in Cox regression. A nomogram based on these factors was generated to predict median survival time and survival probabilities at 6, 12, and 18 months. The nomogram showed a better discriminatory ability than the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging (C-index: 0.727 vs. 0.610). In the validation cohort, a nomogram composed of the same variables also showed a high discriminatory ability (C-index: 0.784). In the low-risk group with a nomogram total point (NTP) value of more than 175, patients receiving combination therapy showed better prognosis than those receiving monotherapy (P=0.015). In conclusion, the nomogram based on inflammatory biomarkers can serve as useful prognostic tool for advanced PDAC. In addition, patients with high NTP can greater benefit from combination chemotherapy than monotherapy.

13.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 103: 103529, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783283

RESUMO

The cutting of tooth enamel using a high-speed air-turbine handpiece and carbide bur is a key procedure in oral surgeries, such as the minimally invasive extraction. However, presently little is known about the cutting mechanics and material removal mechanism related to tooth enamel machinability. In this study, the machinability of high-speed enamel cutting with carbide bur is studied by a computer-aided numerical control system. The dynamic cutting forces of enamel of the occlusal, buccal/lingual, and proximal surfaces were measured by the force measuring system. The force ratio, cutting torque, rotating speed, specific cutting energy, and bur wear were analyzed. The microstructure of enamel and carbide burs was observed by the scanning electron microscope, and the relationship between enamel microstructures and machinability was further analyzed. The results show that during the high-speed enamel cutting with carbide bur, the chip thickness is on the nano-scale, and the plastic deformation of the machined surface is obvious. With increased material removal rate, the cutting force, torque, specific cutting energy, and bur wear increases accordingly, whereas the rotating speed decelerates (p < 0.05). The different angles between the cutting direction and the axial direction of the enamel rods give rise to the large differences in the cutting mechanics and mechanism of the proximal, buccal/lingual, and occlusal surfaces of the teeth. When the cutting direction is parallel, vertical, and oblique 45° to the axial direction of the enamel rods, the force required for material fracture and crack propagation increases, and the cutting force increases as a consequence. Parallel and oblique 45° cutting are the main modes of tooth segmentation in the minimally invasive extraction. In comparison with the parallel cutting mode, the cutting force, torque, and cutting ratio of the oblique 45° cutting mode can be significantly increased, and the tool wear is obviously accelerated. This is the lowest priority in segmentation surgery, hence the problems of overload and temperature rise need to be considered. The cutting mechanics and cutting mechanism obtained in this study will provide scientific process guidance for dental cutting operations with the air-turbine handpiece driving bur.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(96): 14502-14505, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730149

RESUMO

ForI is a PLP-dependent enzyme from the biosynthetic pathway of the C-nucleoside antibiotic formycin. Cycloserine is thought to inhibit PLP-dependent enzymes by irreversibly forming a PMP-isoxazole. We now report that ForI forms novel PMP-diketopiperazine derivatives following incubation with both d and l cycloserine. This unexpected result suggests chemical diversity in the chemistry of cycloserine inhibition.

15.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0224680, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730636

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine the associations of uric acid (UA) in blood and urine with subclinical renal damage (SRD) and its progression in a Chinese cohort. METHODS: 1) 2342 participants from our previously established cohort who were followed up in 2017 were included. Cross-sectional analysis was used to examine the relationships between serum and urinary UA and the risk of SRD. 2) A total of 266 participants were recruited from the same cohort in 2013, and followed up in 2017. Longitudinal analysis was used to determine the relationships of serum and urinary UA with progression of SRD, which was defined as urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (uACR) progression or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline. RESULTS: In cross-sectional analysis, higher levels of uACR were associated with higher levels of serum uric acid (SUA) and urinary uric acid/creatinine ratio (uUA/Cre). Lower eGFR was associated with higher levels of SUA and fractional excretion of uric acid (FEUA) but lower uUA/Cre levels in all subjects. In addition, the multivariate-adjusted odds ratios for SRD compared with non-SRD were 3.574 (2.255-5.664) for uUA/Cre. Increasing uUA/Cre levels were associated with higher risk of SRD. In longitudinal analysis, 4-year changes of uUA/Cre and SUA were significantly associated with eGFR decline. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that urinary UA excretion was significantly associated with the risk of SRD in Chinese adults. Furthermore, 4-year changes of serum and urinary UA were associated with SRD progression. These findings suggest that UA, especially urinary UA, may be used as a simple, noninvasive marker for early detection of decreased renal function in otherwise healthy subjects.

17.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sjogren - Larsson syndrome (SLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease of the mutation ALDH3A2 that identifies a part of fatty acids for fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase: NAD-oxidoreductase enzyme complex. This study aimed to access variant ALDH3A2 gene coded for FALDH and products regulating pathogenic melanogenesis owing to increased oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species resulting in DNA harm in SLS. By turning them into fatty acids, FALDH avoids the accumulation of toxic fatty aldehydes. The mutation results in the accumulation of aldehyde-modified lipids or fatty alcohols that may interfere with skin and brain function. METHODS: In Nov 2018, we performed a literature search in PubMed for clinical studies, clinical trials, case reports, controlled trials, randomized controlled trials, and systemic reviews. The search terms we used were "SJOGREN-LARSSON SYNDROME" AND "HYPERMELANNOSIS" OR "FALDH" (from 1985). The search resulted in 1,289 articles, out of these 95 articles met our inclusion exclusion criteria. Our inclusion criteria included relevant original articles relevant, critical systemic reviews, and crucial referenced articles, ex-clusion criteria included duplicates and articles not published in English language. RESULTS: Toxicity of long-chain aldehydes to FALDH-deficient cells owing to accumulation under the profound epidermis layer improves oxidative stress in the cell resulting in keratinocyte hyperproliferation. CONCLUSION: While it continues to be determined whether accumulated fatty alcohol and fatty aldehydes obtained from ether glycerolipids and sphingolipids improve the susceptibility of melanocytes and their element accountable for skin hyperpigmentation to biological colour.

18.
Biochemistry ; 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769977

RESUMO

Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is an important redox active quinocofactor produced by a wide variety of bacteria. A key step in PQQ biosynthesis is a carbon-carbon cross-link reaction between glutamate and tyrosine side chains within the ribosomally synthesized peptide substrate PqqA. This reaction is catalyzed by the radical SAM enzyme PqqE. Previous X-ray crystallographic and spectroscopic studies suggested that PqqE, like the other members of the SPASM domain family, contains two auxiliary Fe-S clusters (AuxI and AuxII) in addition to the radical SAM [4Fe-4S] cluster. However, a clear assignment of the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signal of each Fe-S cluster was hindered by the isolation of a His6-tagged PqqE variant with an altered AuxI cluster. In this work, we are able to isolate soluble PqqE variants by using a less disruptive strep-tactin chromatographic approach. We have unambiguously identified the EPR signatures for four forms of Fe-S clusters present in PqqE through the use of multifrequency EPR spectroscopy: the RS [4Fe-4S] cluster, the AuxII [4Fe-4S] cluster, and two different clusters ([4Fe-4S] and [2Fe-2S]) bound in the AuxI site. The RS [4Fe-4S] cluster, the AuxII [4Fe-4S] cluster, and the [2Fe-2S] cluster form in the AuxI site can all be reduced by sodium dithionite, with g tensors of their reduced form determined as [2.040, 1.927, 1.897], [2.059, 1.940, 1.903], and [2.004, 1.958, 1.904], respectively. The AuxI [4Fe-4S] cluster that is determined on the basis of its relaxation profile can be reduced only by using low-potential reductants such as Ti(III) citrate or Eu(II)-DTPA to give rise to a g1 = 2.104 signal. Identification of the EPR signature for each cluster paves the way for further investigations of SPASM domain radical SAM enzymes.

19.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(20): 3335-3340, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute chest pain (ACP) is very common among patients presenting to emergency departments. Nevertheless, ACP caused by esophageal foreign body is relatively rarely reported. CASE SUMMARY: A 56-year-old man suffering from chest pain (increased pain for the last 9 h) was admitted to our hospital on October 25, 2015. After undergoing physical examination and laboratory blood testing, he was diagnosed with acute anterior myocardial infarction. Consequently, the patient underwent emergency percutaneous coronary angiography; however, no myocardial infarction signs were observed. Later on, the patient experienced respiration failure and therefore was transferred to intensive care unit. Cardiac ultrasound showed pericardial effusion, which was considered as the cause of shock. He then underwent pericardium puncture drainage and the circulation temporarily improved. Nevertheless, persistent pericardial bleeding, unclear bleeding causes, and clot formation induced poor drainage led to worsening of cardiac tamponade symptoms. Consequently, the patient underwent emergency exploratory thoracotomy, which revealed a fish bone causing pericardial bleeding. The bone was removed, and the damaged blood vessels were mended. Eventually, the patient was discharged in good clinical condition. CONCLUSION: For patients with chest pain, it is necessary to consider the possibility of foreign body in the esophagus or even in the heart. Careful history taking and the corresponding inspection can help to avoid unnecessary damage and safeguard patients from unnecessary pain.

20.
Surg Endosc ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the internal anatomy of the liver remains a major challenge in anatomical liver resection. Although virtual hepatectomy and indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging techniques have been widely used in hepatobiliary surgery, limitations in their application for real-time navigation persist. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility and clinical utility of the novel laparoscopic hepatectomy navigation system (LHNS), which fuses preoperative three-dimensional (3D) models with ICG fluorescence imaging to achieve real-time surgical navigation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of clinical outcome for 64 patients who underwent laparoscopic hepatectomy from January 2018 to December 2018, including 30 patients who underwent the procedure using the LHNS (LHNS group) and 34 patients who underwent the procedure without LHNS guidance (Non-LHNS group). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in preoperative characteristics between the two groups. The LHNS group had a significantly less blood loss (285.0 ± 163.0 mL vs. 391.1 ± 242.0 mL; P = 0.047), less intraoperative blood transfusion rate (13.3% vs. 38.2%; P = 0.045), and shorter postoperative hospital stay (7.8 ± 2.1 days vs. 10.6 ± 3.8 days; P < 0.001) than the Non-LHNS group. There was no statistical difference in operative time and the overall complication rate between the two groups. The liver transection line was clearly delineated by the LHNS in 27 patients; however, the projection of boundary was unclear in 2 cases, and in 1 case, the boundary was not clearly displayed by ICG fluorescence imaging. CONCLUSIONS: We developed the LHNS to address limitations of current intraoperative imaging systems. The LHNS is hopefully to become a promising real-time navigation system for laparoscopic hepatectomy.

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