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1.
J Cancer ; 10(26): 6673-6680, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777596

RESUMO

Emerging evidence revealed the critical role of systematic inflammation in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). In the present study, we reviewed the records of 279 patients with advanced PDAC. Among them, 147 cases were used as the training cohort and another 132 as the validation cohort. In the training cohort, distant metastasis, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) were independent prognostic factors in Cox regression. A nomogram based on these factors was generated to predict median survival time and survival probabilities at 6, 12, and 18 months. The nomogram showed a better discriminatory ability than the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging (C-index: 0.727 vs. 0.610). In the validation cohort, a nomogram composed of the same variables also showed a high discriminatory ability (C-index: 0.784). In the low-risk group with a nomogram total point (NTP) value of more than 175, patients receiving combination therapy showed better prognosis than those receiving monotherapy (P=0.015). In conclusion, the nomogram based on inflammatory biomarkers can serve as useful prognostic tool for advanced PDAC. In addition, patients with high NTP can greater benefit from combination chemotherapy than monotherapy.

2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 129(15): 1772-7, 2016 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27453223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clotting system abnormalities are the common complication in cancer patients. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the coagulation state, clinical features, and treatment in cancer patients by routine tests. METHODS: A total of 2328 patients with different types of cancer were classified as the positive group (n = 1419, including 53 patients with thrombosis) and the negative group (n = 909) based on D-dimer (DD) value. Of the 2328 cases, 354 were admitted for chemotherapy. Hemostasis test and complete blood count (CBC) were performed during treatment or following-up. RESULTS: This study showed that the hypercoagulable state was affected not only by clinical staging (P < 0.0001) but also by metastasis site (P < 0.0001 for bone vs. lung). Compared to negative DD group, the higher fibrinogen level, the extended activated partial thromboplastin time, and prothrombin time interacted markedly with disease clinical stage (P < 0.05) in the positive group. Between positive DD groups with and without thrombus, the significantly statistic difference in white blood cell (WBC) and DD (P < 0.05) rather than in red blood cell (RBC) and platelet count was observed. However, the higher DD level was not correlated with WBC, RBC, and platelet count in the positive DD group. Furthermore, the hypercoagulable plasma profile in cancer patients was moderated 2-3 weeks after chemotherapy (P < 0.05 for first six cycles). CONCLUSIONS: The routine hemostatic parameters and CBC are valuable to assessment for thrombosis and chemotherapy even for disease prognosis.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Hemostasia/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 90(1): 392-8, 2012 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24751057

RESUMO

This paper investigated the inhibitory effect of degraded soybean polysaccharide (DPS) on the growth of calcium oxalate (CaOxa) crystals. The results were compared with that of soybean polysaccharide without degradation (SPS). The data showed that DPS exhibited a much higher efficiency to inhibit CaOxa growth and stabilize calcium oxalate dihydrate (COD) compared with SPS. As DPS concentration increased, the soluble Ca(2+) ions significantly increased, the aggregation degree of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals decreased, the shape of COD crystals became round and blunt, and the Zeta potential on CaOxa crystal surface reduced. The above results were all conducive for the inhibition of CaOxa crystallization. In addition, DPS displayed a distinct repairing effect on oxidative injured renal epithelial cells in African green monkey (Vero), with enhanced cell viability and extracellular superoxide dismutase activity after repair. The morphologies of the repaired cells and their regulatory capability on CaOxa growth were between the control and injured cells. The results indicated that the risk of stone formation can be reduced by DPS, and that DPS may be a potential green drug to prevent the formation of CaOxa stones.


Assuntos
Oxalato de Cálcio/antagonistas & inibidores , Oxalato de Cálcio/química , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Soja , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Cristalização , Rim/citologia , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Células Vero
5.
Yi Chuan Xue Bao ; 29(4): 303-6, 2002 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11985262

RESUMO

To increase the efficiency of in vitro transformation of human lymphocytes by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and establish permanent lymphoblastoid cell lines from patients with abnormal chromosome karyotype, B lymphoid cells were prepared from cryopreserved heparinized blood samples. The lymphoid cell pellet was resuspended with 0.5 ml medium of RPMI with 20% fetal calf serum(FCS), and added 2 ml virus-containing superatant of the EB virus-producing cell lines by filtrated, and mixed. Four 25 cm2 cell culture bottles were put upright. A total of 2.5 ml of RPMI with 20% FCS was put in each of them. The blood-virus mixture was distributed among the four cell culture bottles as follows: Bottle I, Bottle II, Bottle III and Bottle IV were added with 0.3 ml, 0.6 ml, 1.2 ml and the rest respectively. The cells culture bottles were put into the cell culture incubator in an upright position. After 3 days the cells were puting new medium with 20% FCS as follows: Bottle I 3 ml, Bottle II 4 ml, Bottle III 5 ml and Bottle IV 6 ml. After one week, the medium was changed again as described above. The medium change was conducted until the cells grew very fast. The right ratio between blood cells and virus titer can not be exactly determined for every blood sample, and therefore a dilution series with four different blood/virus ratios was set up. Due to the dilution series, addition of immune inhibitors like cyclosporine, was not necessary. Forty-seven permanent lymphoblastoid cell lines of patients with abnormal chromosome karyotype. Transformed cells were found in only one or two of the four cell culture bottles. The total successive rate increased up to 97.87%. Of the four cell culture bottles, Bottle I, Bottle II, Bottle III and Bottle IV, the successive rates were 6.39%, 61.70%, 31.91% and 8.51% respectively. This method can be used for preserving large number of lymphoblastoid cell lines, and also provide enough research materials for further studies.


Assuntos
Linhagem Celular Transformada , Transformação Celular Viral , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Herpesvirus Humano 4/fisiologia , Linfócitos/citologia , Humanos , Cariotipagem
6.
Yi Chuan Xue Bao ; 29(10): 854-9, 2002 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12561467

RESUMO

To investigate the allele frequencies of six short tandem repeats (STR) loci: F13A1, F13B, D8S1179, CSF1PO, D5S818 and TPOX in Han population in Henan province, DNA was extracted with chelex from EDTA-blood samples of the unrelated individuals in Henan province and amplified with PCR technique. The PCR product was analyzed with the undenatured PAGE vertical electrophoresis and silverstain. The results were obtained through genetical analysis. The authors got the number of allele of six loci, Three alleles of F13A1 could be detected in this population. The F13A1 * 7 is the most common allele with a frequency of 45.2%, followed by F13A1 * 5 and F13A1 * 4 respectively. F13B had four alleles among which F13B * 10 has the highest frequency, followed by F13B * 9, F13B * 8, F13B * 11. The 8 alleles of D8S1179 in the order from high to low frequency is D8S1179 * 14, * 15, * 12, * 11, * 10. And the most common frequencies of alleles of CSF1PO, D5S818, TPOX ore CSF1PO * 12, D5S818 * 11, TPOX * 8, respectively followed by the allele of * 11, * 14, * 10, * 13 in CSF1PO locus, and * 12, * 13, * 10, * 9, * 14, * 8, * 15, * 7 in D5S818 locus, * 11, * 9, * 12, * 10 in TPOX locus. The heterozygosities of the six loci were 0.62, 0.46, 0.83, 0.59, 0.78 and 0.65; the discrimination powers were 0.78, 0.66, 0.95, 0.79, 0.92 and 0.82. The heterozygosities of the six loci are high and the frequencies are in good agreement with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The six loci are good as genetic markers. We can use these loci in dividualidentification and partenity test in forensic area.


Assuntos
Polimorfismo Genético , Sequências de Repetição em Tandem/genética , Alelos , China , Frequência do Gene , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Genética Populacional , Genótipo , Humanos
7.
Yi Chuan ; 24(6): 639-42, 2002 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15979958

RESUMO

We researched the genetic polymorphisms of vWA in Henan population and its usefulness in forensic science.DNA extracted from non-relative persons in Henan population with Chelex was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and was typed by nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis silver staining.A total of 8 alleles and 19 genotypes were found in Henan population,its heterozygosity is high and the locus can be used in forensic genetics. We obtained the allelic frequency of the locus vWA in Henan population. The results of amniotic fluid,villus,blood stain indicate vWA is a good locus for forensic study.

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