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1.
Microbiologyopen ; : e1096, 2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633012

RESUMO

Evidence suggests that small noncoding RNAs (sRNAs) are involved in the complex regulatory networks governing biofilm formation. Few studies have investigated the role of sRNAs in Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). In the present study, the association between sRNA and biofilm formation in S. mutans was explored. sRNAs that are differentially expressed in the biofilm and planktonic states of this bacterium were identified by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to investigate the characteristics of biofilm formation in a standard strain of S. mutans (UA159, ATCC 700610) and ten clinical strains. Bioinformatics analyses were employed to predict and examine potential sRNA regulatory pathways. The results showed that sRNA0426 has a strong positive relationship with dynamic biofilm formation. Moreover, sRNA0426 expression was positively correlated with exopolysaccharide (EPS) production. Bioinformatics analyses showed that sRNA0426 is involved in biofilm formation such as metabolic pathways, especially carbon metabolism. Five target mRNAs (GtfB, GtfC, GtfD, ComE, and CcpA) involved in the synthesis of EPS were selected for further evaluation; the expression levels of three of these mRNAs (GtfB, GtfC, and CcpA) were positively correlated with sRNA0426 expression levels, and the expression level of one (ComE) was negatively correlated. In conclusion, the results suggested that sRNA0426 may play an important and positive role in the biofilm formation of S. mutans and provide novel insight into the S. mutans biofilm regulatory network.

2.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 20(1): 236, 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the effects of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) and its underlying influencing factors in nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) patients. METHODS: Patients at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center with recent-onset (< 8 weeks) NAION were retrospectively recruited. The patients had decided whether or not they would undergo EECP treatment, and the patients who declined were included in the control group. The effectiveness of EECP was evaluated by comparing the visual function and fellow eye involvement in patients with and without EECP treatment. RESULTS: In total, 61 patients (76 eyes) were included. Twenty-nine patients (37 eyes) underwent EECP treatment, while 32 patients (39 eyes) were included in the control group. Mean time from NAION onset to EECP initiation was 27.59 ± 16.70 days. In the EECP group, the mean EECP duration was 31.57 ± 18.45 days. EECP was well tolerated by all patients. However, there was no significant difference in visual function between the EECP and control groups. Furthermore, there was no evidence of the effectiveness of EECP in the subgroup analysis of patients with different systemic health conditions. Among the 42 patients with monocular NAION, the sequential attack rate was comparable between the EECP (27.78%) and control (25.00%) groups. CONCLUSION: This study is the first nonrandomized controlled study to evaluate the effectiveness of EECP in NAION patients. Unfortunately, we failed to demonstrate the effectiveness of EECP in NAION at the 6-month follow-up. Any further application of EECP in NAION patients should be cautious.

3.
Opt Lett ; 45(12): 3325-3328, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538974

RESUMO

Conventional metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) ultraviolet (UV) detectors have the disadvantage of limited adjustable structural parameters, finite electrical field, and long carrier path. In this Letter, we demonstrate a three-dimensional (3D) MSM structural AlN-based deep-UV (DUV) detector, fabricated through simple trench etching and metal deposition, while flip bonding to the silicon substrate forms a flip-chip 3D-MSM (FC-3DMSM) device. 3D-MSM devices exhibit improved responsiveness and response speed, compared with conventional MSM devices. Time-dependent photoresponse of all devices is also investigated here. The enhanced performance of the 3D-MSM device is to be attributed to the intensified electrical field from the 3D metal electrode configuration and the inhibition of the carrier vertical transport, which unambiguously increases the carrier collection efficiency and migration speed, and thus the responsivity and speed as well. This work should advance the design and fabrication of AlN-based DUV detectors.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(5): 345, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393810

RESUMO

miRNAs have emerged as a pivotal component of gene regulatory networks, mediating cytokines secretion, cell cycle, and differentiation regulation. However, how miRNAs collaborate with transcription factors and downstream effector proteins that determine the fate of ovarian cancer cells remains to be understood, especially regarding to mechanism of tumor angiogenesis regulation. Based on the qRT-PCR and IHC analysis, we found that miR-6086 was maintained a very low level both in ovarian cancer cell lines and tissues. Further, we identified OC2 and EGFL6 as the direct targets of miR-6086 by luciferase assay and we observed an inverse relationship between the expression of miR-6086 and the OC2/VEGFA/EGFL6 axis. The Western blotting analysis suggested that OC2 could directly upregulate VEGFA and indirectly up-regulate EGFL6 through VEGFA. Moreover, miR-6086 could indirectly downregulate VEGFA through OC2. In addition, miR-6086, siOC2 and siEGFL6 could negatively regulate the tumor growth and angiogenesis of ovarian cancer (Skov3) in the animal studies, with the inhibition rates of 77.07%, 69.89%, and 73.62%, respectively (**p < 0.01). Moreover, the tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of ovarian cancer cell lines (Caov3 and Skov3) and vascular formation (HUVECs) were significantly suppressed in vitro, by decreasing the AKT/MAPK pathways (*p < 0.05). Taken together, our results reveal that miR-6086 can suppress the angiogenesis networks in ovarian cancer by down-regulating the OC2/VEGFA/EGFL6 axis, directly or indirectly, which may provide potential targets for tumor therapeutics.

5.
Zootaxa ; 4742(2): zootaxa.4742.2.6, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230380

RESUMO

Three new species of the spider genus Belisana Thorell, 1898 are described based on material collected in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China: Belisana mengla Yao Li sp. nov.  (male, female), Belisana menglun Yao Li sp. nov. (male), and Belisana mengyang Yao Li sp. nov. (male, female), bringing the total Belisana fauna of Xishuangbanna to 12 species.


Assuntos
Aranhas , Animais , China , Feminino , Masculino
6.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(1): 35-39, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study myocardial perfusion and systolic function in patients with different coronary artery stenosis by myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) and two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI). METHODS: MCE, 2D-STI and coronary angiography were conducted in patients with coronary heart disease in our hospital. Myocardial segments were divided into 4 groups according to the degree of coronary artery stenosis: group A (normal group), group B (mild stenosis, 50%-75%), group C (moderate stenosis, 76%-90%) and group D (severe stenosis, 91%-100%). Blood volume, blood flow velocity, blood flow and longitudinal myocardial strain value (SL) in each group were measured by analysis software for MCE and 2D-STI. The differences in blood volume, blood flow velocity, blood flow and SL were evaluated. RESULTS: The blood flow velocity and blood flow in B, C and D groups were decreased gradually, with significant difference (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in blood volume, blood flow velocity, blood flow between group A and group B (P>0.05). There were significant differences in SL among the 4 groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: There is a good correlation between coronary stenosis degree and myocardial perfusion or systolic function. The ability of 2D-STI to detect mild stenosis of coronary artery is better than MCE.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária , Circulação Coronária , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Miocárdio , Sístole
7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 305, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949160

RESUMO

Surface and subsurface are commonly considered as separate entities because of the difference in the bonding environment and are often investigated separately due to the experimental challenges in differentiating the surface and subsurface effects. Using in-situ atomic-scale transmission electron microscopy to resolve the surface and subsurface at the same time, we show that the hydrogen-CuO surface reaction results in structural oscillations in deeper atomic layers via the cycles of ordering and disordering of oxygen vacancies in the subsurface. Together with atomistic calculations, we show that the structural oscillations in the subsurface are induced by the hydrogen oxidation-induced cyclic loss of oxygen from the oxide surface. These results demonstrate the propagation of the surface reaction dynamics into the deeper layers in inducing nonstoichiometry in the subsurface and have significant implications in modulating various chemical processes involving surface-subsurface mass transport such as heterogeneous catalysis, oxidation, corrosion and carburization.

8.
Ophthalmology ; 127(1): 27-37, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543351

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare wear of standard, adjustable, and ready-made glasses among children. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, open-label, noninferiority trial. PARTICIPANTS: Students aged 11 to 16 years with presenting visual acuity (VA) ≤6/12 in both eyes, correctable to ≥6/7.5, subjective spherical equivalent refractive error (SER) ≤-1.0 diopters (D), astigmatism and anisometropia both <2.00 D, and no other ocular abnormalities. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated (1:1:1) to standard glasses, ready-made glasses, or adjustable glasses based on self-refraction. We recorded glasses wear on twice-weekly covert evaluation by head teachers (primary outcome), self-reported and investigator-observed wear, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (not prespecified), children's satisfaction, and value attributed to glasses. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Proportion of glasses wear on twice-weekly covert evaluation by head teachers over 2 months. RESULTS: Among 379 eligible participants, 127 were allocated to standard glasses (mean age, 13.7 years; standard deviation [SD], 1.0 years; 54.3% were male), 125 to ready-made (mean age, 13.6; SD, 0.83; 45.6%), and 127 to adjustable (mean age, 13.4 years; SD, 0.85; 54.3%). Mean wear proportion of adjustable glasses was significantly lower than for standard glasses (45% vs. 58%; P = 0.01), although the adjusted difference (90% confidence interval [CI], -19.0% to -3.0%) did not meet the prespecified inferiority threshold of 20%. Self-reported (90.2% vs. 84.8%, P = 0.64) and investigator-observed (44.1% vs. 33.9%, P = 0.89) wear did not differ between standard and adjustable glasses, nor did satisfaction with (P = 0.97) or value attributed to study glasses (P = 0.55) or increase in quality of life (5.53 [SD, 4.47] vs. 5.68 [SD, 4.34] on a 100-point scale, P > 0.30). Best-corrected visual acuity with adjustable glasses was better (P < 0.001) than with standard glasses. Change in power of study lenses at the end of the study (adjustable: 0.65 D, 95% CI, 0.52-0.79; standard, 0.01 D; 95% CI, -0.006 to 0.03, P < 0.001) was greater for adjustable glasses, although interobserver variation in power measurements may explain this. Lens scratches and frame damage were more common with adjustable glasses, whereas lens breakage was less common than for standard glasses. CONCLUSIONS: Proportion of wear was lower with adjustable glasses, although VA was better and measures of satisfaction and quality of life were not inferior to standard glasses.


Assuntos
Óculos , Manufaturas , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Erros de Refração/terapia , Transtornos da Visão/terapia , Adolescente , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cooperação do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Desenho de Prótese , Erros de Refração/etnologia , Erros de Refração/fisiopatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Visão/etnologia , Transtornos da Visão/fisiopatologia , Seleção Visual , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
9.
J Food Biochem ; 44(1): e13084, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642545

RESUMO

The oxidative modification effect of hydroxyl radicals generated by an H2 O2 oxidative solution on the biochemical and functional characteristics of myofibrillar protein (MP) from large yellow croaker (Pseudosciaena crocea) was investigated. The results showed that MP of large yellow croakers was vulnerable to hydroxyl radicals. Incubation of MP with increased concentration of H2 O2 led to the gradual formation of carbonyl derivatives, disulphide bonds and dityrosine, and loss of available lysine, sulphydryl, and free ammonia. Surface hydrophobicity increased, while tryptophan residues decreased, indicating a conformational transition of MP. SDS-PAGE demonstrated that both disulphide and nondisulphide bonds were involved in MP aggregation. The MP functionalities were also affected by hydroxyl radicals, including reduced solubility, gelling, and emulsifying properties. Mild oxidation (0.1 mM H2 O2 ) slightly improved MP gel strength and water-holding capacity, while excessive oxidation caused a reduction in gel properties. The results suggested that the MP oxidation should be controlled. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Protein oxidation mediated by hydroxyl radicals is one of the most crucial reasons affecting the quality of large yellow croaker during processing and storage. Additionally, it is well known that the quality of protein in fish systems directly determines the quality stability and nutritional value of the fish products. Hence, the study explored how the hydroxyl radicals influenced the physicochemical and functional properties of fish MP. The changes in amino acid residues (carbonyl, available lysine, sulphydryl, free ammonia, tryptophan residues, etc.) of MP and its gelling and emulsifying properties after oxidation not only benefit the awareness of quality deterioration and quality control of large yellow croaker, but also provide a basis for the understanding of protein oxidation on the nutritional value of aquatic products and human health.

10.
Food Chem ; 312: 126053, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884298

RESUMO

To understand the delicious taste of the clam M. meretrix Linnaeus, the putative umami peptides from the aqueous extract of the cooked clam were obtained by ultrafiltration, gel filtration chromatography, and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The isolated peptide fraction with the most intense umami taste was screened by sensory and electronic tongue analysis. Seven novel peptides, GLLPDGTPR, RPNPFENR, STMLLESER, ANPGPVRDLR, QVAIAHRDAK, VLPTDQNFILR, and VTADESQQDVLK, were identified and synthesized to verify their taste characteristics. The taste activity prediction and the sensory evaluation of the synthetic peptides revealed that those peptides were umami and umami-enhancing peptides. Docking of the synthesized peptides with the umami taste receptor T1R1/T1R3 indicated that the peptides could enter the binding pocket in the Venus flytrap domain of the T1R3 cavity, wherein Asp196 and Glu128 may play key roles in the synergism of umami taste and hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions are important interaction forces.


Assuntos
Bivalves/química , Peptídeos/química , Paladar , Animais , Bivalves/metabolismo , Cromatografia em Gel , Nariz Eletrônico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptídeos/metabolismo
11.
Opt Lett ; 44(17): 4155-4158, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465351

RESUMO

With the penetration of semiconductor lighting, GaN-based white-light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) with a high color-rendering index (CRI) and simultaneous high luminous efficiency (LE) are required, especially for high-quality indoor lighting. Here, by adopting metal nanoparticles (Ag and Au NPs) into hybridized color conversion material composed of broadband LuAG:Ce phosphor and narrowband CdSe/ZnS red quantum dots, we have fabricated AgAu-WLEDs with simultaneously increased LE (12% increment at 40 A/cm2) and CRI (maximum of 94.5), and decreased correlated color temperature (CCT, from CCT=6000 K to = 4800 K), compared with WLEDs without metal NPs. This improved performance of WLEDs is ascribed to increased color conversion efficiency brought from localized surface plasmon resonance and thus a strong resonant light scattering effect from the incorporated metal NPs. We believe the approach reported in this work will find its application in GaN WLEDs, thus advancing the development of high-efficiency and quality semiconductor lighting.

12.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(6): 779-785, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) combined with osteoporosis. METHODS: Eighty patients with LSS combined with osteoporosis were divided into a control and PTED group, which received conventional transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and PTED, respectively. The surgical indications, incision visual analogue scale (VAS), lumbar and leg pain VAS, lumbar Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) scores, bone mineral density (BMD), and adverse reactions were observed. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, in the PTED group, the operation time, bleeding loss and hospitalization duration, incision VAS scores at postoperative 12, 24 and 48 h and lumbar and leg pain VAS and lumbar ODI scores on postoperative 6 months were significantly decreased (P < 0.01), and the lumbar JOA score on postoperative 6 months was significantly increased (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in BMD between two groups (P > 0.05). Compared with the control group, in the PTED group, the total effective rate was significantly higher (P < 0.05), and the incidence of adverse reactions was significantly lower (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PTED is safe and effective in the treatment of LSS combined with osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Discotomia Percutânea/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Osteoporose/cirurgia , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , Avaliação da Deficiência , Discotomia Percutânea/normas , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/complicações , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estenose Espinal/complicações , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica
13.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(11)2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159300

RESUMO

Zinc coatings and superhydrophobic surfaces have their own characteristics in terms of metal corrosion resistance. Herein, we have prepared a robust and repairable superhydrophobic zinc coating (SZC) based on a widely commercially available cold galvanized paint via a fast (within 10 min) and facile process for corrosion resistance. Specifically, the cold galvanized paint was sprayed onto the iron substrate, followed by acetic acid (HAc) etching and stearic acid (STA) hydrophobizing. The as-obtained sample was coded as Fe-Zn-HAc-STA and possessed an apparent contact angle of 168.4 ± 1.5° as well as a sliding angle of 3.5 ± 1.2°. The Fe-Zn-HAc-STA sample was mechanically durable and easily repairable. After being ultrasonicated in ethanol for 100 min, the superhydrophobicity was still retained. The Fe-Zn-HAc-STA sample lost its superhydrophobicity after being abraded against sandpaper with a load of 100 g and regained its superhydrophobicity after HAc etching and subsequent STA hydrophobizing. The corrosion resistance of the SZC was investigated by immersing the Fe-Zn-HAc-STA sample into the static or dynamic aqueous solution of NaCl (3.5 wt.%) and the lasting life of the entrapped underwater air layer (EUAL) was roughly determined by the turning point at the variation curve of surface wettability against immersion time. The lasting life of the EUAL iwas 8 to 10 days for the SZC in the static NaCl solution and it decreased sharply to 12 h in a dynamic one with the flow rate of 2 and 4 m/s. This suggests that the superhydrophobic surface provided extra corrosion protection of 8 to 10 days or 12 h to the zinc coating. We hope that the SZC may find its practical application due to the facile and fast fabrication procedure, the good mechanical durability, the easy repairability, and the good corrosion protection.

14.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 444, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Host genetic backgrounds affect gene functions. The genetic backgrounds of genetically engineered organisms must be identified to confirm their genetic backgrounds identity with those of recipients. Marker-assisted backcrossing (MAB), transgenesis and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) editing are three commonly used genetic engineering techniques. However, methods for genetic background screening between genetically engineered organisms and corresponding recipients suffer from low efficiency, low accuracy or high cost. RESULTS: Here, we improved our previously reported AmpSeq-SSR method, an amplicon sequencing-based simple sequence repeat (SSR) genotyping method, by selecting SSR loci with high polymorphism among varieties. Ultimately, a set of 396 SSRs was generated and applied to evaluate the genetic backgrounds identity between rice lines developed through MAB, transgenesis, and CRISPR/Cas9 editing and the respective recipient rice. We discovered that the percentage of different SSRs between the MAB-developed rice line and its recipient was as high as 23.5%. In contrast, only 0.8% of SSRs were different between the CRISPR/Cas9-system-mediated rice line and its recipient, while no SSRs showed different genotypes between the transgenic rice line and its recipient. Furthermore, most differential SSRs induced by MAB technology were located in non-coding regions (62.9%), followed by untranslated regions (21.0%) and coding regions (16.1%). Trinucleotide repeats were the most prevalent type of altered SSR. Most importantly, all altered SSRs located in coding regions were trinucleotide repeats. CONCLUSIONS: This method is not only useful for the background evaluation of genetic resources but also expands our understanding of the unintended effects of different genetic engineering techniques. While the work we present focused on rice, this method can be readily extended to other organisms.


Assuntos
Testes Genéticos/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Repetições de Microssatélites , Oryza/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Edição de Genes , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Engenharia Genética , Proteínas de Plantas/antagonistas & inibidores , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(6): 779-785, June 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012995

RESUMO

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) combined with osteoporosis. METHODS: Eighty patients with LSS combined with osteoporosis were divided into a control and PTED group, which received conventional transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and PTED, respectively. The surgical indications, incision visual analogue scale (VAS), lumbar and leg pain VAS, lumbar Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) scores, bone mineral density (BMD), and adverse reactions were observed. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, in the PTED group, the operation time, bleeding loss and hospitalization duration, incision VAS scores at postoperative 12, 24 and 48 h and lumbar and leg pain VAS and lumbar ODI scores on postoperative 6 months were significantly decreased (P < 0.01), and the lumbar JOA score on postoperative 6 months was significantly increased (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in BMD between two groups (P > 0.05). Compared with the control group, in the PTED group, the total effective rate was significantly higher (P < 0.05), and the incidence of adverse reactions was significantly lower (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PTED is safe and effective in the treatment of LSS combined with osteoporosis.


RESUMO: OBJETIVO: Investigar a eficácia e segurança da discectomia endoscópica percutânea transforaminal (DEPT) no tratamento da estenose lombar (EL) combinada à osteoporose. MÉTODOS: Oitenta pacientes com EL combinada à osteoporose foram divididos entre um grupo de controle e um grupo de DEPT, que receberam tratamento convencional com fusão intersomática lombar transforaminal e DEPT, respectivamente. As indicações cirúrgicas, a escala analógica visual (VAS) da incisão e de dor lombar e nas pernas, os escores lombares de acordo com a Associação Ortopédica Japonesa (JOA) e o Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), a densidade mineral óssea (DMO) e possíveis reações adversas foram observados. RESULTADOS: Em comparação com o grupo de controle, no grupo de DEPT o tempo de operação, a perda de sangue e duração de internação, os escores VAS da incisão no pós-operatório após 12, 24 e 48 h, o VAS para dor lombar e nas pernas e os escores ODI lombares após 6 meses de pós-operatório foram significativamente menores (P < 0,01); já o escore JOA lombar após 6 meses de pós-operatório foi significativamente maior (P < 0,05). Não houve diferença significativa na densidade mineral óssea entre os dois grupos (P > 0,05). Em comparação com o grupo de controle, o grupo de DEPT teve uma taxa efetiva total significativamente maior (P < 0,05), e a incidência de reações adversas foi significativamente menor (P < 0,05). CONCLUSÕES: A discectomia endoscópica percutânea transforaminal é segura e eficaz no tratamento de EL combinada à osteoporose.

16.
Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 47(7): 909-917, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090978

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Presbyopia, an essentially universal, age-related loss of the ability to focus un-aided on near objects, is the world's leading cause of visual impairment. BACKGROUND: Smartphone use is widespread in China, but little is known about the prevalence, determinants and correction of difficulties with smartphone use in the setting of presbyopia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from a population-based longitudinal cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1817 persons aged ≥35 years in Guangzhou, Southern China. METHODS: Participants underwent near visual acuity (NVA) testing and completed questionnaires on smartphone usage detailing knowledge of their own presbyopia status, frequency (hours/day) and subjective difficulties with use of mobile and smartphones. Presbyopia was defined as uncorrected bilateral NVA ≤6/12 with best-corrected bilateral NVA >6/12. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Difficulty in smartphone use associated with uncorrected presbyopia. RESULTS: Among 1427 respondents (78.5%) undergoing examination, 1191 (83.5%) completed questionnaires (mean age 52.3 ± 11.6 years; 54.9% women). Among 451 persons (37.8%) with presbyopia owning smartphones, 290 (64.3%) reported difficulty using them. Multiple ordinal logistic regression modelling showed difficulty in smartphone use due to presbyopia was associated with higher educational level (P = .013), worse NVA (P < .001) and more time spent using smartphones (P = .002 for 1-3 hours/day). Among persons with presbyopia owning smartphones, 353 (78.0%) said they would pay >US$15 (median US$45) for innovations making smartphone use easier. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Difficulty in using smartphones in the presence of presbyopia is common and affected persons are willing to pay for useful solutions to the problem.

17.
J BUON ; 24(1): 227-232, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941974

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the associations among diabetes status, Metformin administration and prostate cancer (PCa) detection at biopsy in Chinese population. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among a prospectively enrolled prostate biopsy cohort of 518 patients from Jan 2013 to Dec 2014 at our institute. Diabetes status and Metformin administration were determined through medical records and self-report. Different clinical characteristics were registered and compared among different groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the effects of diabetes status and Metformin administration on the detection of overall as well as high-grade PCa at biopsy. RESULTS: PCa was detected in 229 (44.2%) men, and high-grade PCa (Gleason score ≥8) was detected in 65 (12.5%) men. Diabetes was observed in 96 men, and 28 of them were administered with Metformin. Both overall and high-grade cancer detection rates were significantly higher in diabetic patients (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, diabetes status was a risk factor for high-grade cancer detection (OR 7.699, 95%CI 3.483-17.020, p<0.001), but not for total PCa detection (OR 1.774, 95%CI 0.831-3.787, p=0.138). Meanwhile, Metformin administration was proved to be a protective factor for high-grade disease (OR 0.420, 95%CI 0.201-0.879, p=0.021) in multivariate analysis, while no correlation was detected with overall cancer detection (OR 0.786, 95%CI 0.172-3.593, p=0.756). CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes status was positively associated with biopsy-mediated high-grade PCa detection in Chinese population, while the positive association would be partly compromised by Metformin administration.


Assuntos
Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Metformina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/prevenção & controle , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Diabetes Mellitus , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico
18.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 19(1): 40-46, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30327000

RESUMO

Although much progress has been made on lattice plasmon mode (LPM), there is still a lack of systematic studies on LPM generation; questions remain unanswered on topics such as high-order LPM generation, LPM generation from near-coupling complex elements, and modulation of incidence energy. Here, we systematically evaluated the properties of multiple high-order LPM, energy flow modulation of incident polarization, element, angle of incidence, and hybrid of dual lattice using the finite-difference time-domain method. This study presents a clear illustration of LPM and will help on further development of LPM and plasmonics-based fields.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 656: 447-457, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30522027

RESUMO

In this work, we present on-line fluorescent aerosol measurements by the wideband integrated bioaerosol spectrometer (WIBS-4A) near an industrial zone in Nanjing, a megacity in the Yangtze-River-Delta (YRD) region. The fieldwork was conducted from April 1 to May 8, 2014. A TSI. 3321 aerosol-particle-sizer (APS) was simultaneously deployed to measure the total number size distribution of aerosol with diameter from 0.8-20 µm. Both WIBS-4A and APS reported similar number concentration and temporal profiles (R2 = 0.72). However, the daily average number of potential bioaerosols was only 0.5 ±â€¯0.2% of the total particles detected by the WIBS-4A and displayed a completely different diurnal profile from that of APS. In addition, WIBS-4A can only provide integrated fluorescent signals, which strongly limited the potential to specifically identify the bioaerosols. Accordingly, hierarchical-agglomerative-cluster-analysis (HACA) was utilized to identify and speciate the potential bioaerosols from the WIBS-4A dataset. By maximizing the total distances among all potential cluster centers, a 12-cluster solution was accepted as the optimum result. These clusters were further identified according to their fluorescent signatures, size, and morphology, i.e., non-bioaerosols, bacteria, and fungal spores and/or pollen fragments. Bacteria were the dominant bioaerosol species detected in this work. The diurnal profiles of bioaerosols correlated very well with relatively humidity (RH), reaching daily maxima around 3 AM~6 AM, indicating the presence of humidity controlled bioaerosol emission mechanism, i.e., bacteria may flourish under moderate ambient temperature, RH, and the absence of UV radiation. The size- and AF-distributions of bioaerosols indicated that bioaerosols normally varied substantially in size and assumed a rather irregular shape. Although the number concentration of bioaerosols was relatively small, most bioaerosols can efficiently serve as ice nuclei by providing rough and irregular surfaces, verified by the observation results. Therefore, WIBS-4A measurements can still be informative for investigations of bioaerosols in the atmosphere, especially when HACA method was incorporated into the data processing.


Assuntos
Aerossóis/análise , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Fungos/isolamento & purificação , Pólen , Análise Espectral/métodos , Microbiologia do Ar , China , Internet , Esporos/isolamento & purificação
20.
Oncol Lett ; 16(4): 4945-4952, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30250560

RESUMO

High-fat diet induced obesity was associated with more aggressive prostate cancer. Recent research has demonstrated that integrin-linked kinase (ILK), ß-parvin and downstream cofilin 1 jointly affected cancer progression. Meanwhile, these proteins were also involved in energy metabolism. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the potential function of ILK, ß-parvin and cofilin 1 in the high-fat diet-induced progression of prostate cancer. Transgenic mice with prostate cancer were employed, fed with different diets and sacrificed at 20 and 28 weeks. Tumor differentiation, extracapsular extension and metastasis were compared between the groups. Expression levels of ILK, ß-parvin and cofilin 1 in prostate were evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis and determined by an immunoreactivity score. Public databases were applied for analysis and validation. It was detected that high-fat diet feeding promoted cancer progression in transgenic mice with prostate cancer, with increased expressions of ß-parvin (P=0.038) and cofilin 1 (P=0.018). Higher expressions of ILK, ß-parvin and cofilin 1 were also associated with poorer cancer differentiation. Additionally, higher mRNA levels of CFL1 were correlated with a worse disease-free survival in patients of certain subgroups from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Further studies were warranted in discussing the potential roles of ILK, ß-parvin and cofilin 1 in high-fat diet feeding induced progression of prostate cancer.

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