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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29730450

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effect rapid temperature change from moderate temperature to high temperatures on heat shock protein (HSP) expression and antioxidant enzyme activities in mud crabs. Two mud crabs, one with one spine on the outer margin of the carpus of cheliped (Sp1) and another with two spines (Sp2), were acclimated at 25 °C and then transferred to a 33 °C environment, and HSP expression and antioxidant enzyme activity were assessed. HSP70 and HSP60 were markedly up-regulated in the gills and hepatopancreas of Sp1 and Sp2 after exposure to 35 °C. Exposure to 35 °C also significantly increased superoxide dismutase and catalase activity in the gills of Sp1 and Sp2, with transient changes in hepatopancreas. Apart from changes in antioxidant enzyme activities, HSPs were highly up-regulated after exposure to 37 °C, especially for HSP70. Gill HSP70 expression in Sp2 was 6.1 folds that of the control after 24 h of exposure to 37 °C, and 9.2 folds that of Sp1. Moreover, exposure to 37 °C further up-regulated HSP70 in the hepatopancreas of Sp1, compared to that in Sp2. Hence, HSPs play important roles in thermotolerance in S. paramamosain and Sp1 might have a stronger tolerance to hyperthermal stress than Sp2.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Artrópodes/metabolismo , Braquiúros/enzimologia , Brânquias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Hepatopâncreas/metabolismo , Temperatura Alta , Estresse Fisiológico , Aclimatação , Animais , Braquiúros/fisiologia , Catalase/metabolismo , Brânquias/enzimologia , Hepatopâncreas/enzimologia , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
3.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 22(11): 841-3, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20084943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the vola stress change after operation of wrop-around flap for thumb reconstruction,to know the influence of vola pressure change after operation of wrop-around flap. METHODS: From 1996 to 2004, 23 patients after the operation of wrop-around flap for thumb reconstruction were measured the entire footprint, the vola stress of single foot and double feet on static state and walking status. There were 16 males and 7 females,with a mean age of 23.7 years (17 to 42 years). The time from operation to measuring was 1.6 to 6 years (meana 3.8 years). The results of measuring were analyzed. RESULTS: Whether static footprint analysis or dynamic mechanical analysis, the plantar pressure distribution of donated foot were obviously different with those of the opposite site. The weight bearing of heel and the fourth and fifth metatarsal heads were nearly consistent with normal foot. But the former feet were obviously different. The weight bearing of the first metatarsal head was obviously lower than normal foot. And the weight bearing of the second and third metatarsal heads were obviously higher than normal foot. CONCLUSION: The operation of wrop-around flap for thumb reconstruction has advantage of the cosmesis and function of the reconstructed thumbs nearly consistent with normal thumbs. But the operation influences the postoperative foot pressure.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estresse Mecânico , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Dedos do Pé/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Postura , Dedos do Pé/patologia , Dedos do Pé/fisiopatologia , Suporte de Carga , Adulto Jovem
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