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2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e24444, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to access the efficacy and safety of integrated Traditional Chinese and Western medicine treatment for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) combined diabetes. METHODS: This protocol adheres to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis protocol statement. We plan to search 8 electronic databases to identify qualifying studies published from database inception until December 1, 2020. The software of EndNote reference manager (X9) will be used to study selection. A pre-developed standardized data collection form will be used to extract from all eligible studies. For included studies, the quality will be assessed by Cochrane Risk of bias tool. The RevMan 5.3 software (Copenhagen: The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration, 2014) developed by the Cochrane Collaboration will be used for all statistical analysis. If possible, meta-analysis will be undertaken for each of the outcomes. For continuous variable data, we will used mean differences with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) as summary statistics. For dichotomous variable data, we will calculate Mantel-Haenszel odds ratio with 95% CIs as summary statistics from the numbers of events in control and intervention groups. We will consider a result to be statistically significant if P < .05. If outcomes cannot be meta-analyzed, we will performer a descriptive analysis. RESULTS: This study will be performed to test the efficacy and safety of integrated Traditional Chinese and Western medicine treatment for patients with UC combined diabetes. CONCLUSION: The results of our study will be published in a peer-reviewed journals, and we will promotion results in domestic and foreign conferences. REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY2020120087. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: As a systematic review and meta-analysis which based on previously published literature, ethical approval, and informed consent from patients are not required.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/terapia , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Terapia Combinada , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Environ Manage ; 283: 111981, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33516098

RESUMO

Soybean (SB) solid residue after oil extraction was investigated in a hydrothermal modification process to provide an eco-friendly solution to SB solid waste disposal for an actual environmental management effort. SB hydrochars (HCs) were derived either by conventional heating hydrothermal treatment (HTT) under intense conditions (200, 250, and 300 °C for 2 h) or by microwave-assisted hydrothermal treatment (MHTT) under mild conditions (160, 190, and 220 °C for 1 h). Physicochemical properties of SB HCs and the transformation of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) functionalities during HTT and MHTT were characterized using several tools. Ultimate and XPS analyses elucidated N transformation, e.g., 5.51 wt % N of raw SB residue decreased to 3.48 and 3.51 wt % after HTT and MHTT, respectively. The P bioavailability of raw SB (3.46 mg/g) was improved after HTT (26.7 mg/g) and MHTT (10.9 mg/g), depicting the practical application of HCs for soil amendment. Atomic H/C and O/C ratios of SB HCs decreased as treatment temperature increased. HCs showed credible higher heating value (HHV; 22.3-25.5 MJ/kg for HTT and 20.5-22.1 MJ/kg for MHTT), higher than various low-rank coals. Besides, energy densification and fuel ratio improved in intense conditions. The thermogravimetric analysis showed HCs possessed better thermal stability. The improved performance of SB HCs indicated that HTT and MHTT provided a green environmental route of SB waste management, valorization, and utilization.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Soja , Carbono , Nutrientes , Temperatura
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 147-159, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33456309

RESUMO

Background: There is still a big challenge to achieve a balance between mechanical characteristics and biological properties in biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) ceramics. Purpose: The present study focused on the in-situ whisker growth on BCP ceramics via different hydrothermal treatments and investigated the influences of these whiskers on the mechanical property and biological performance of the ceramics. Methods: Five kinds of BCP ceramics with in-situ whisker growth, ie, BCP-C, BCP-HNO3, BCP-Citric, BCP-NaOH, BCP-CaCl2 and BCP-Na3PO4 were fabricated by different hydrothermal treatments. The phase compositions, morphologies, crystal structures and mechanical strengths of the obtained BCP ceramics were firstly characterized. Then, the in vitro cell adhesion, proliferation and alkaline  phosphatase (ALP) activity of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) on the BCP ceramics were evaluated. Lastly, the effects of in-situ whisker growth on the bone-like apatite formation abilities of BCP ceramics were also investigated by immersing them in simulated body fluid (SBF). Results: The results demonstrated that the hydrothermal conditions, especially the hydrothermal media, were crucial to determine the phase composition and morphology of the in-situ whisker. Especially among the five media used (HNO3, Citric, NaOH, CaCl2 and Na3PO4), the Na3PO4 treatment resulted in the shortest whisker with a unique hollow structure, and kept the original biphasic composition. All five kinds of whiskers increased the mechanical strength of BCP ceramics to some extent, and showed the good ability of bone-like apatite formation. The in vitro cell study demonstrated that the in-situ whisker growth had no adverse but even positive effect on the adhesion, proliferation and ALP activity of BMSCs. Conclusion: Due to the growth of in-situ whiskers, the mechanical property and biological performance of the obtained BCP ceramics could increase simultaneously. Therefore, in-situ whiskers growth offers a promising strategy for the expanded application of BCP ceramics to meet the requirements of regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Cerâmica/química , Temperatura , Água/química , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Apatitas/metabolismo , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Materiais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/ultraestrutura , Camundongos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 770: 145302, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515894

RESUMO

Paddy soil contaminated by cadmium (Cd) has attracted worldwide attention, while foliar spraying of zinc (Zn) could be considered a cost-effective and practical agronomic measure for reducing Cd accumulation in rice grain. However, the effects due to foliar spraying of Zn on different cultivars, as well as the mechanism of subsequent processes taking place are not fully understood up to now. To go a step ahead, a field experiment was conducted with the aim of studying the capability of foliar application of Zn (0.4% ZnSO4) to reduce Cd concentration in grain in five late rice cultivars (here named JLYHZ, FYY272, JY284, CLY7 and LXY130), and the antioxidant activities and subcellular distribution of Cd in the leaves. The results indicate that foliar Zn application significantly decreased grain yield in JY284, CLY7 and JLYHZ, compared to controls. In addition, foliar application of Zn significantly decreased Cd concentration in grain of the five rice cultivars, while increased Zn concentration. The effect of foliar application of Zn on transport coefficients of Cd varied greatly for the different rice cultivars. Foliar application of Zn significantly decreased the malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration in rice leaves, and increased peroxidase (POD) activity. Also, it changed the distribution of Cd in the soluble fraction in leaves (expressed as proportion), which was significantly decreased, and the proportion of Cd in the cell wall increased. The structural equation model (SEM) revealed the positive effects of flag leaf Cd, first node Cd, old leaf Cd, and root Cd concentration on grain Cd concentration. Flag leaf Cd had the highest standardized total effects on grain Cd concentration, followed by old leaf Cd. These results indicated that foliar application of Zn was effective in reducing grain Cd concentration of late rice by enhancing antioxidant activities and Cd chelation onto cell wall of leaves, and reducing Cd concentrations in leaves.

6.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 100: 250-256, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279037

RESUMO

Biomass-derived N-doped carbon (BNC) is an important environmental material and widely used in the fields of water purification and soil remediation. However, the toxicant in the commonly used synthesis process of BNC materials have been largely ignored. Herein, we firstly report the presence of a highly toxic by-product (KCN) in the activation process of BNC materials consequential of the carbothermal reduction reaction. Because this carbothermal reduction reaction also regulates the N-doping and pore development of BNC materials, the KCN content directly relates with the properties of BNC material properties. Accordingly, a high KCN content (∽ 611 mg) can occur in the production process of per g BNC material with high specific surface area (∽ 3600 m2/g). Because the application performance of BNC material is determined by the surface area and available N doping, therefore, production of a BNC material with high performance entails high risk. Undoubtedly, this study proves a completely new risk recognition on a familiar synthesis process of biomass-based material. And, strict protective device should be taken in fabrication process of biomass-derived carbon material.


Assuntos
Carbono , Purificação da Água , Biomassa
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 402: 123571, 2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763770

RESUMO

Liquid phase produced by the subcritical hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of livestock manure is extensively used in agronomic and environmental applications, but the potential risks caused by inherent pollutants (e.g., roxarsone, ROX) of the livestock manure have not been considered. This study shows that less toxic ROX is completely converted into highly toxic As(III) and As(V) in the HTL reaction with temperature more than 240 °C. Moreover, more than 81.5% of As is distributed in the liquid phase generated by the livestock manure HTL reaction. Notably, the hydrothermal products of livestock manure facilitate the conversion of As(V) to As(III). The resulting hydrochar and aldehydes act as electron donors for As(V) reduction, thus resulting in the formation of As(III). Furthermore, the dissociated As promotes the depolymerization and deoxygenation of the macromolecular compounds to produce more small oxygen-containing compounds such as aldehydes, further boosting the As(V) reduction to As(III). These results indicate that the liquid phase of the livestock manure has potential risks in applications as a fertilizer. Such findings have substantial implications in biomass utilization and redox reactions of envirotechnical and biogeochemical relevance.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; : 144050, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261874

RESUMO

Water-soluble organic compounds derived from bio-oil (WOCB) are regarded as potential risk sources of sludge thermochemical treatment. This study showed that 10.35 mg of water-soluble organic carbon and 1.32 mg of water-soluble organic nitrogen were released per gram of sludge when the final temperature of thermochemical treatment was 600 °C. WOCB was mainly formed at 300-500 °C. Furthermore, FT-ICR MS results indicated that high temperatures promoted deamination reactions, and low molecular weight (LMW) compounds with low oxygen number polymerized into aromatic compounds with increasing temperature. Noteworthily, WOCB released at 20-600 °C showed strong phytotoxicity to wheat. LMW compounds with lignin/carboxylic rich alicyclic molecules (CRAM)-like structures derived from low temperatures (200-400 °C) induced this inhibitory effect, but lipids containing nitrogen and sulfur from high temperatures (400-600 °C) can act as nutrients to promote wheat growth. This study provides theoretical support for the risk control and benefits assessments of sludge thermochemical treatment.

9.
Sci Adv ; 6(50)2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310848

RESUMO

Osteoporotic fractures are prevalent in society, and their incidence appears to be increasing as the worldwide population ages. However, conventional bone repair materials hardly satisfy the requirements for the repair of pathological fractures. Here, we developed a biomimetic polyetherketoneketone scaffold with a functionalized strontium-doped nanohydroxyapatite coating for osteoporotic bone defect applications. The scaffold has a hierarchically porous architecture and mechanical strength similar to that of osteoporotic trabecular bone. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that the scaffold could promote osteoporotic bone regeneration and delay adjacent bone loss via regulating both osteoblasts and osteoclasts. In addition, the correlations between multiple preimplantation and postimplantation parameters were evaluated to determine the potential predictors of in vivo performance of the material. The current work not only develops a promising candidate for osteoporotic bone repair but also provides a viable approach for designing other functional biomaterials and predicting their translational value.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143749, 2020 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223178

RESUMO

The utilization of biomass pyrolysis volatile-derived water-dissolved organic matter (WOM, often called wood vinegar) determines sustainable recycling of biomass. Further, pyrolysis temperature significantly controls the cracking of biomass components, resulting in various molecular compositions and biological responses of WOM. Although it has been widely used in the agriculture, the relationship between molecular compositions and biological responses affected by heating temperature is still unclear. Here, it was observed that the WOM concentration increased with increasing temperatures and the pyrolysis of 1 g biomass can generate ~ WOM with 36.24 mg C. Moreover, with increasing pyrolysis temperatures, the generated WOM consisted of more phenols but fewer alcohols, furans, acids, and ketones, and demonstrated characteristics of higher aromaticity and lower m/z molecular weight. Due to the enhanced polarity, high temperatures promoted the solubility of WOM. Germination tests show that low pyrolysis temperatures-derived WOM (< 400 °C) with large-molecular-weight and low oxygen-containing (low O/Cwa) promoted plant growth, while high temperatures-derived WOM (> 400 °C) with small-molecular-weight and high oxygen-containing (high O/Cwa) inhibited growth. These results suggest that WOM can be separately collected at different pyrolysis temperatures to achieve sustainable recycling of pyrolysis volatile.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201257

RESUMO

Pyrolysis is a promising technology for the disposal of sewage sludge. In this study, FeCl3 was selected as an additive for sludge pyrolysis. The results indicated that the FeCl3-addition strategy not only enhanced carbon retention but also enhanced the nitrogen retention of sludge-based biochar. The best enhancement effect both occurred at 500°C, and the enhanced amount reached 29.7 mg C/g sludge and 1.33 mg N/g sludge, respectively. This enhancement may be attributed to the physical isolation provided by newly formed metallic complexes or oxides. Besides, the added FeCl3 improved the polarity and aromaticity of modified biochar by retaining more oxygen-containing functional groups, and could also catalyze the decomposition of tar, resulting in the release of more small molecular substances. The quantitative estimation of carbon and nitrogen retention in provinces of China found that the enhancement in coastal provinces was significantly preceded that of inland provinces.

12.
Regen Biomater ; 7(5): 505-514, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149939

RESUMO

Various surface bioactivation technology has been confirmed to improve the osteogenic ability of porous titanium (pTi) implants effectively. In this study, a three-layered composite coating, i.e. outer layer of hydroxyapatite (HA), middle layer of loose titanium dioxide (L-TiO2) and inner layer of dense TiO2 (D-TiO2), was fabricated on pTi by a combined processing procedure of pickling, alkali heat (AH), anodic oxidation (AO), electrochemical deposition (ED) and hydrothermal treatment (HT). After soaking in simulated body fluid for 48 h, the surface of the AHAOEDHT-treated pTi was completely covered by a homogeneous apatite layer. Using MC3T3-E1 pro-osteoblasts as cell model, the cell culture revealed that both the pTi without surface treatment and the AHAOEDHT sample could support the attachment, growth and proliferation of the cells. Compared to the pTi sample, the AHAOEDHT one induced higher expressions of osteogenesis-related genes in the cells, including alkaline phosphatase, Type I collagen, osteopontin, osteoclast inhibitor, osteocalcin and zinc finger structure transcription factor. As thus, besides the good corrosion resistance, the HA/L-TiO2/D-TiO2-coated pTi had good osteogenic activity, showing good potential in practical application for bone defect repair.

13.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 36(11): 2451-2458, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33244939

RESUMO

To screen strains with antibacterial and antitumor activity, pregnenolone was used as the sole carbon source for screening bacteria from soil. Based on bacteriostatic activity assay, Pseudomonas aeruginosa HBD-12 was found to be effectively inhibiting the growth of Escherichia coli, Bacillus thuringiensis, Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum, and its fermentation broth was separated and purified using column chromatography. Then, structure of the obtained monomeric compounds was analyzed by spectrum analysis, and their antitumor activity was measured using HTRF kinase detection kit. The isolated monomeric compounds 1-hydroxy-9,10-phenanthroline and 3-hydroxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthroline had significant antitumor activity. At 20 µg/mL, 1-hydroxy-9,10-phenanthroline and 3-hydroxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthroline inhibited 78.39±2.29% and 60.34±8.35% Aurora kinase A, respectively. Therefore, the secondary metabolites of Pseudomonas aeruginosa HBD-12 have the potential to develop antibacterial and antitumor drugs.

14.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 584331, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240238

RESUMO

Penicillium digitatum is a widespread pathogen among Rutaceae species that causes severe fruit decay symptoms on infected citrus fruit (known as citrus green mold). The employment of fungicides can effectively control the citrus green mold, significantly reducing agricultural economic loss. In this study, we found that the X33 antifungal extract produced by Streptomyces lavendulae strain X33 inhibited the hyphae polarization of P. digitatum. Additionally, physiological and proteomic analysis strategies were applied to explore the inhibitory mechanism of the X33 antifungal extract of the S. lavendulae strain X33 on the mycelial growth of P. digitatum. A total of 277 differentially expressed proteins, consisting of 207 upregulated and 70 downregulated, were identified from the comparative proteomics analysis. The results indicated that the X33 antifungal extract induced mitochondrial membrane dysfunction and cellular integrity impairment, which can affect energy metabolism, oxidative stress, and transmembrane transport. The improved alkaline phosphatase activity and extracellular conductivity, increased H2O2 and malondialdehyde contents, and inhibition of energy, amino acid, and sugar metabolism indicated that the oxidative stress of P. digitatum is induced by the X33 antifungal extract. These findings provided insight into the antifungal mechanism of the X33 antifungal extract against P. digitatum by suggesting that it may be an effective fungicide for controlling citrus postharvest green mold.

15.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33241829

RESUMO

Weak osteogenic activity affects the long-term fixation and lifespan of titanium (Ti) implants. Surface modification along with a built-in porous structure is a highly considerable approach to improve the osteoinduction and osseointegration capacity of Ti. Herein, the osteoinduction and osteogenic activities of electrochemically deposited (ED) nanoplate-like, nanorod-like and nanoneedle-like hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings (named EDHA-P, EDHA-R, and EDHA-N, respectively) were evaluated in vitro and in vivo by comparison with those of acid/alkali (AA) treatment. The results revealed that the apatite forming ability of all nanostructured EDHA coatings was excellent, and only 12 h of soaking in SBF was needed to induce a complete layer of apatite. More serum proteins adsorbed on EDHA-P than others. In cellular experiments, different from those on EDHA-R and EDHA-N, the cells on EDHA-P presented a polygonal shape with lamellipodia extension, and thus exhibited a relatively larger spreading area. Furthermore, EDHA-P was more favorable for the enhancement of the proliferation and ALP activity of BMSCs, and the up-regulation of OPN gene expression. Based on the good biological performance in vitro, EDHA-P was selected to further evaluate its osteoinduction and osteogenic activities in vivo by comparison with AA treatment. Interestingly, a greater ability of ectopic osteoinduction was observed in the EDHA-P group compared to that in the AA group. At the osseous site, EDHA-P promoted more bone on/ingrowth, and had a higher area percentage of newly formed bone in the bone-implant interface and inner pores of the implants than in the AA group. Thus, a nanoplate-like HA coating has good potential in improving the osteoinductivity and osteogenic activity of porous Ti implants in clinical applications.

16.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 6605-6618, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982221

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of research is to fabricate nanostructured hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings on the titanium via electrochemical deposition (ED). Additionally, the biological properties of the ED-produced HA (EDHA) coatings with a plate-like nanostructure were evaluated in vitro and in vivo by undertaking comparisons with those prepared by acid/alkali (AA) treatment and by plasma spray-produced HA (PSHA) nanotopography-free coatings. Materials and Methods: Nanoplate-like HA coatings were prepared through ED, and nanotopography-free PSHA coatings were fabricated. The surface morphology, phase composition, roughness, and wettability of these samples were investigated. Furthermore, the growth, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on each sample were evaluated via in vitro experiments. Histological assessment and push-out tests for the bone-implant interface were performed to explore the effect of the EDHA coatings on the interfacial osseointegration in vivo. Results: XRD analysis showed that the strongest intensity for the EDHA coatings was at the (002) plane rather than at the regular (211) plane. Relatively higher surface roughness and greater wettability were observed for the EDHA coatings. Cellular experiments revealed that the plate-like nanostructured EDHA coatings not only possessed an ability, similar to that of PSHA coatings, to promote the adhesion and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells but also demonstrated significantly enhanced early or intermediate markers of osteogenic differentiation. Significant osseointegration enhancement in the early stage of implantation period and great bonding strength were observed at the interface of bone and EDHA samples. In comparison, relatively weak osseointegration and bonding strength of the bone-implant interface were observed for the AA treatment. Conclusion: The biological performance of the plate-like nanostructured EDHA coating, which was comparable with that of the PSHA, improves early-stage osteogenic differentiation and osseointegration abilities and has great potential for enhancing the initial stability and long-term survival of uncemented or 3D porous titanium implants.

17.
J Biol Chem ; 295(38): 13393-13406, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732285

RESUMO

Lysocardiolipin acyltransferase (LYCAT), a cardiolipin (CL)-remodeling enzyme, is crucial for maintaining normal mitochondrial function and vascular development. Despite the well-characterized role for LYCAT in the regulation of mitochondrial dynamics, its involvement in lung cancer, if any, remains incompletely understood. In this study, in silico analysis of TCGA lung cancer data sets revealed a significant increase in LYCAT expression, which was later corroborated in human lung cancer tissues and immortalized lung cancer cell lines via indirect immunofluorescence and immunoblotting, respectively. Stable knockdown of LYCAT in NSCLC cell lines not only reduced CL and increased monolyso-CL levels but also reduced in vivo tumor growth, as determined by xenograft studies in athymic nude mice. Furthermore, blocking LYCAT activity using a LYCAT mimetic peptide attenuated cell migration, suggesting a novel role for LYCAT activity in promoting NSCLC. Mechanistically, the pro-proliferative effects of LYCAT were mediated by an increase in mitochondrial fusion and a G1/S cell cycle transition, both of which are linked to increased cell proliferation. Taken together, these results demonstrate a novel role for LYCAT in promoting NSCLC and suggest that targeting LYCAT expression or activity in NSCLC may provide new avenues for the therapeutic treatment of lung cancer.

18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4171-4189, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606671

RESUMO

Background: Angiogenic and osteogenic activities are two major problems with biomedical titanium (Ti) and other orthopedic implants used to repair large bone defects. Purpose: The aim of this study is to prepare hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings on the surface of Ti by using electrochemical deposition (ED), and to evaluate the effects of nanotopography and silicon (Si) doping on the angiogenic and osteogenic activities of the coating in vitro. Materials and Methods: HA coating and Si-doped HA (HS) coatings with varying nanotopographies were fabricated using two ED modes, ie, the pulsive current (PC) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) methods. The coatings were characterized through scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS), and atomic force microscopy (AFM), and their in vitro bioactivity and protein adsorption were assessed. Using MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts and HUVECs as cell models, the osteogenic and angiogenic capabilities of the coatings were evaluated through in vitro cellular experiments. Results: By controlling Si content in ~0.8 wt.%, the coatings resulting from the PC mode (HA-PC and HS-PC) and CV mode (HA-CV and HS-CV) had nanosheet and nanorod topographies, respectively. At lower crystallinity, higher ionic dissolution, smaller contact angle, higher surface roughness, and more negative zeta potential, the HS and PC samples exhibited quicker apatite deposition and higher BSA adsorption capacity. The in vitro cell study showed that Si doping was more favorable for enhancing the viability of the MC3T3-E1 cells, but nanosheet coating increased the area for cell spreading. Of the four coatings, HS-PC with Si doping and nanosheet topography exhibited the best effect in terms of up-regulating the expressions of the osteogenic genes (ALP, Col-I, OSX, OPN and OCN) in the MC3T3-E1 cells. Moreover, all leach liquors of the surface-coated Ti disks promoted the growth of the HUVECs, and the HS samples played a more significant role in promoting cell migration and tube formation than the HA samples. Of the four leach liquors, only the two HS samples up-regulated NO content and expressions of the angiogenesis-related genes (VEGF, bFGF and eNOS) in the HUVECs, and the HS-PC yielded a better effect. Conclusion: The results show that Si doping while regulating the topography of the coating can help enhance the bone regeneration and vascularization of HA-coated Ti implants.


Assuntos
Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Durapatita/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Osteogênese , Próteses e Implantes , Silício/química , Titânio/farmacologia , Adsorção , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Nanotubos/química , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/genética , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Propriedades de Superfície , Difração de Raios X
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(34): 37873-37884, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687309

RESUMO

Injectable biphasic calcium phosphates have been proposed as a solution in the treatment of a range of clinical applications including as fillers in the augmentation of osteoporotic bone. To date, various biodegradable natural or synthetic organics have been used as a polymer component of bone materials to increase their cohesiveness. Herein, a novel bone material was developed combining osteoconductive biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) nanoparticles with phosphoserine-tethered generation 3 poly(epsilon-lysine) dendron (G3-K PS), a class of hyperbranched peptides previously shown to induce biomineralization and stem cell osteogenic differentiation. Strontium was also incorporated into the BCP nanocrystals (SrBCP) to prevent bone resorption. Within 24 h, an antiwashout behavior was observed in G3-K PS-integrated pure BCP group (BCPG3). Moreover, both in vitro tests by relevant cell phenotypes and an in vivo tissue regeneration study by an osteoporotic animal bone implantation showed that the integration of G3-K PS would downregulate Cxcl9 gene and protein expressions, thus enhancing bone regeneration measured as bone mineral density, new bone volume ratio, and trabecular microarchitectural parameters. However, no synergistic effect was found when Sr was incorporated into the BCPG3 bone pastes. Notably, results indicated a concomitant reduction of bone regeneration potential assessed as reduced Runx2 and PINP expression when bone resorptive RANKL and CTX-I levels were reduced by Sr supplementation. Altogether, the results suggest the potential of injectable BCPG3 bone materials in the treatment of osteoporotic bone defects.

20.
medRxiv ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since mid-December 2019, a cluster of pneumonia-like diseases caused by a novel coronavirus, now designated COVID-19 by the WHO, emerged in Wuhan city and rapidly spread throughout China. Here we identify the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in a cohort of patients in Shanghai. METHODS: Cases were confirmed by real-time RT-PCR and were analysed for demographic, clinical, laboratory and radiological features. RESULTS: Of 198 patients, the median duration from disease onset to hospital admission was 4 days. The mean age of the patients was 50.1 years, and 51.0% patients were male. The most common symptom was fever. Less than half of the patients presented with respiratory systems including cough, sputum production, itchy or sore throat, shortness of breath, and chest congestion. 5.6% patients had diarrhoea. On admission, T lymphocytes were decreased in 45.8% patients. Ground glass opacity was the most common radiological finding on chest computed tomography. 9.6% were admitted to the ICU because of the development of organ dysfunction. Compared with patients not treated in ICU, patients treated in the ICU were older, had longer waiting time to admission, fever over 38.5o C, dyspnoea, reduced T lymphocytes, elevated neutrophils and organ failure. CONCLUSIONS: In this single centre cohort of COVID-19 patients, the most common symptom was fever, and the most common laboratory abnormality was decreased blood T cell counts. Older age, male, fever over 38.5oC, symptoms of dyspnoea, and underlying comorbidity, were the risk factors most associated with severity of disease. Key words: 2019 novel coronavirus; acute respiratory infection; risk factors for disease severity.

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