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1.
Clin Lab ; 66(3)2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32162862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The score of Dyspnea, Eosinopenia, Consolidation, Acidemia and Atrial Fibrillation (DECAF) can be used to predict the in-hospital mortality of patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). It is worth noting that the DECAF score is the first scoring standard combining biomarkers and clinical variables. The application of biomarkers is helpful for improving the accuracy of the scoring system. In recent years, more and more reports and studies paid attentions to procalcitonin (PCT) in respiratory infectious diseases and its clinical value has attracted increasing attention. The study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of the DECAF score combined with PCT in predicting admission of AECOPD patients to intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study. We analyzed data from 171 non-immune individuals over the age of 40 in this study. All patients received blood routine measurement and DECAF score calculation on admission. The primary outcome used to assess the probability of an AECOPD patient was who would get a bed in general ward or ICU. Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) are used to assess the sensitivity and specificity of PCT, WBC, creatinine, and DECAF scores in predicting the risk of admissions to the ICU of COPD patients. We combined PCT, WBC, and creatinine with DECAF scores, observing the sensitivity and specificity of the different combinations in predicting COPD patients with regard to who should be admitted to ICU. RESULTS: After analyzing the data from 171 patients, we found that the probability of entering the ICU was 21.05% (36/171). The area under curve (AUC) of PCT, WBC, creatinine, and DECAF score in individually predicting the probability of entering the ICU of AECOPD patients were 0.71 (95% CI 0.61 - 0.81), 0.64 (95% CI 0.52 - 0.75), 0.74 (95% CI 0.63 - 0.84), and 0.88 (95% CI 0.81 - 0.94), respectively, with statistically significant differences (p = 0.00). The sensitivities of PCT, WBC, creatinine and DECAF scores were 0.61, 0.61, 0.56, and 0.91, respectively. The specificities of PCT, WBC, creatinine, and DECAF scores were 0.76, 0.67, 0.88 and 0.74, respectively. The AUC of Combination 1 (PCT&DECAF scores), Combination 2 (WBC&DECAF scores), and Combination 3 (creatinine&DECAF scores) for predicting AECOPD patients entering the ICU was 0.92 (95% CI 0.86 - 0.97), 0.89 (95% CI 0.84 - 0.94), and 0.91 (95% CI 0.85 - 0.96), respectively, with statistically significant differences (p = 0.00); the sensitivities were 0.92, 0.86, and 0.94, respectively, and the specificities were 0.97, 0.78, and 0.74, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Procalcitonin improves the accuracy and sensitivity of the DECAF score in predicting the probability of AECOPD patients entering the ICU, and PCT was superior to other indexes to improve the sensitivity and specificity of the DECAF score.

2.
Clin Lab ; 65(10)2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pneumonia severity index (PSI) scoring system is one of the tools used to evaluate and predict the prognosis of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Although PSI has been widely used in clinical studies of pneumonia, it is still rare to combine it with blood indexes to predict the prognosis of pneumonia. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a promising candidate predictor of mortality in CAP patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of pneumonia severity index combined with NLR in predicting 30-day mortality in CAP patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study. We analyzed data on 400 non-immune individuals over the age of 18 in this study. All patients received blood routine measurement and PSI score calculation after admission. The primary outcome measures were mortality and survival in CAP patients. The sensitivity and specificity of PSI score, NLR, and the combination of PSI score and NLR in predicting 30-day mortality were assessed using the subject operating characteristic curve (ROC). RESULTS: Data from 400 patients were analyzed, in which the 30-day mortality was 10.5% (42/400). The AUC of NLR and PSI in predicting 30-day mortality of CAP patients were 0.81 (95% CI 0.73 - 0.89) and 0.94 (95% CI 0.90 - 0.98), respectively, with statistically significant differences (p = 0.00). The sensitivity and specificity of NLR were 0.80 and 0.7, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of PSI were 0.78 and 0.94, respectively. The combined AUC of the two indicators for predicting death in CAP patients was 0.95 (95% CI 0.92 - 0.99), and the sensitivity and specificity were 0.85 and 0.94, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio improves the accuracy and sensitivity of the pneumonia severity index in predicting 30-day mortality of CAP patients.

3.
Clin Lab ; 65(10)2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In China, tuberculous pleural effusion is the most common cause for pleural effusion. Elevated ADH and positive tuberculin test usually are characteristic of tuberculous pleural effusion. We reported a 71-year-old male patient with elevated ADH and positive tuberculin test firstly misdiagnosed as tuberculous pleural effusion finally proven as pleural mesothelial sarcoma by thoracoscopic pathology. METHODS: Appropriate laboratory tests and thoracentesis were carried out. Thoracoscopy and pathological biopsy were performed to differentiate tuberculous pleural effusion. RESULTS: Chest CT showed right pleural effusion. ADH in pleural effusion was over 45 U/L and PPD test was positive. No abnormal cells were found in pleural effusion pathology. Pathology of thoracoscopic biopsy proved pleural mesothelioma. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated ADH and positive tuberculin test are not a specific index for tuberculosis and thoracoscopic biopsy pathology is crucial for differential diagnosis.

4.
Clin Lab ; 65(9)2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: G-lipopolysaccharide, a component of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, is called lipopolysaccharide. The detection of G-lipopolysaccharide can be used for the early diagnosis of infectious diseases, but some-times G-lipopolysaccharide provides limited help. We report a case of a patient with hemoptysis and high-density shadow of both lungs combined with elevated serum G-lipopolysaccharide which mimicked bronchiectasis with Gram-negative bacterium infection. It was ultimately confirmed as Mycobacterium iranicum infection by CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy and next generation sequencing. METHODS: The chest computed tomography (CT) scan, CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy, and NGS were performed for diagnosis and blood tests explored for the latent etiology. RESULTS: The chest CT scan showed a high-density shadow of both lungs, atelectasis of right middle lobe, multiple enlarged lymph nodes in mediastinum and right hilum. Pathology of CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy indicated fibrous tissue proliferation and granulation tissue formation and some alveolar epithelial cells slightly proliferated with focal carbon powder deposition in alveolar sacs and spaces. The lung tissue NGS confirmed Mycobacterium iranicum infection. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated serum G-lipopolysaccharide is not a specific index for infectious diseases. CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy and lung tissue NGS has high specificity in pathogen detection of infectious diseases.


Assuntos
Bronquiectasia/patologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/diagnóstico , Hemoptise/diagnóstico , Lipopolissacarídeos/sangue , Pulmão/patologia , Infecções por Mycobacterium/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biópsia/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Erros de Diagnóstico , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Pulmão/microbiologia , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
5.
Clin Lab ; 65(9)2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a common infectious disease in developing countries. Tuberculosis and sarcoidosis are difficult to differentiate. We presented an adult case with increased serum sedimentation and positive tuberculosis antibody combined with multiple pulmonary nodules in chest CT in a middle-aged patient firstly misdiagnosed as tuberculosis proved as sarcoidosis by CT guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy. METHODS: Appropriate laboratory tests are carried out. The chest CT scan, bronchoscopy CT guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy were performed for diagnosis. RESULTS: Serum sedimentation was increased and tuberculosis antibody was positive. The chest CT scan showed multiple pulmonary nodules in both lungs and multiple lymphadenopathy. The bronchoscopy demonstrated no abnormality. Pathology of CT guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy showed non-caseous multiple granulomatous lesions and acid-fast staining was negative. CONCLUSIONS: When a patient has multiple pulmonary nodules and lymphadenopathy without obvious tuberculosis poisoning symptoms, physicians should pay attention to tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, and lung cancer. Pathology is crucial for the ultimate diagnosis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Erros de Diagnóstico , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tuberculose/microbiologia
6.
Clin Lab ; 65(8)2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We report an invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) with negative (1,3)-ß-D-glucan and dynamically elevated white blood cells combined with procalcitonin proven by bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) culture. METHODS: Appropriate laboratory tests are carried out. Chest CTs were performed to assess the lungs. The cause of infection was determined using BALF culture. RESULTS: Serum (1,3)-ß-D-glucan was negative, white blood cells and procalcitonin were significantly higher than normal. The bronchoscopy revealed obvious necrotic detritus and pseudo membrane in the trachea, left and right main bronchi, and branches. BALF culture revealed the presence of Aspergillus. CONCLUSIONS: Negative (1,3)-ß-D-glucan is not safe to rule out invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. BALF culture is critical for IPA diagnosis.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/microbiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/diagnóstico , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/diagnóstico , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , beta-Glucanas/sangue , Aspergillus/isolamento & purificação , Aspergillus/fisiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/sangue , Complicações do Diabetes/microbiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/complicações , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/microbiologia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/complicações , Pneumonia/microbiologia
7.
Clin Lab ; 65(8)2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Foreign body aspiration is a rare entity in adults. We presented an adult case with recurrent pulmonary infection firstly misdiagnosed as tuberculosis, which proved as foreign body aspiration in the left main stem bronchus by bronchoscopy. METHODS: Appropriate laboratory tests are carried out. The chest CT scan and bronchoscopy were performed for diagnosis. RESULTS: Serum sedimentation was increased and tuberculosis antibody was positive. The chest CT scan showed left lung consolidation and small pleural exudate on the left side. Significant calcification can be seen near the left main bronchus. The bronchoscopy demonstrated plenty of yellow sputum in left main bronchus and a peanut shell completely obstructed the left main bronchus and peripheral granulation tissue hyperplasia. The peanut shell was removed and the left main trachea was unobstructed. CONCLUSIONS: When a patient has recurrent pulmonary infection, especially at the same site, physicians should pay attention to airway obstruction caused by foreign body, cancer and other causes of airway stenosis. Bronchoscopy is crucial for the ultimate diagnosis.


Assuntos
Sedimentação Sanguínea , Erros de Diagnóstico , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/imunologia , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Idoso , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Brônquios/microbiologia , Brônquios/patologia , Broncoscopia , Humanos , Pulmão/microbiologia , Masculino , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/fisiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Traqueia/microbiologia , Traqueia/patologia , Tuberculose/sangue , Tuberculose/microbiologia
8.
Clin Lab ; 65(8)2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Detection of serum neuron specific enolase (NSE) has high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of lung carcinoma, especially in small cell lung carcinoma, but sometimes serum NSE provided limited help. We report a case of a patient with right lung consolidation combined with elevated serum neuron specific enolase which mimicked lung carcinoma and was ultimately confirmed as pulmonary cryptococcosis by CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy. METHODS: Chest computed tomography (CT) scan and CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy were performed for diagnosis and blood tests explored the latent etiology. RESULTS: The chest CT scan showed right lung consolidation and a pulmonary nodule in lingual segment of upper lobe of left (Figure1A - F). Serum cryptococcal antigen was positive. Pathology of CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy confirmed pulmonary cryptococcosis (Figure 1G - I). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated NSE is not a specific index of lung cancer. Serum cryptococcal antigen and CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy has high specificity in cryptococcal pneumonia.


Assuntos
Criptococose/diagnóstico , Erros de Diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/sangue , Biópsia/métodos , Criptococose/microbiologia , Humanos , Pulmão/microbiologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/microbiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/microbiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
9.
Clin Lab ; 65(8)2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Detection of carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) in pleural effusion has good clinical application value in differentiating benign and malignant pleural effusion, but sometimes CEA provides limited help. We report a case of a patient with left lung neoplasms combined with bilateral pleural effusion with increased CEA in the pleural effusion whose thoracoscopy pleural biopsy pathology was negative, mimicking lung carcinoma and ultimately confirmed as pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma by CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy. METHODS: The chest computed tomography (CT) scan, thoracoscopy pleural biopsy, and CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy were arranged to explore the etiology of pleural effusion. RESULTS: The chest CT scan showed bilateral pleural effusion with left lung neoplasms, pulmonary atelectasis, and left hilar enlargement. Pathology of thoracoscopy biopsy showed pleural inflammation with infiltration of inflammatory cells. Pathology of CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy confirmed pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated pleural effusion CEA is not a specific index of lung cancer. CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy is appropriate for patients presenting with pleural diseases with lung neoplasms, especially when thoracoscopy pleural biopsy result was negative.


Assuntos
Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/metabolismo , Carcinoma/diagnóstico , Erros de Diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Pleura/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biópsia , Carcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pleura/diagnóstico por imagem , Pleura/patologia , Derrame Pleural/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/patologia , Toracoscopia/métodos , Tomógrafos Computadorizados
10.
Clin Lab ; 65(7)2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We report an acute pulmonary embolism with negative D-dimer masquerading as right pneumonia with pleural effusion proven by CT pulmonary arteriography (CTPA). METHODS: Appropriate laboratory tests are carried out. The application of vascular ultrasound for the cause of left lower extremity edema. CTPA were performed when vascular ultrasound suggested the existence of venous thrombosis of left lower extremity. RESULTS: Serum D-dimer was negative. Vascular ultrasound revealed left lower extremity venous thrombosis, CTPA demonstrated large emboli in the main pulmonary artery and main pulmonary artery branches. CONCLUSIONS: Negative serum D-dimer is not safe to rule out acute pulmonary embolism. When CT shows peripheral triangle-shaped infiltrate with pleuritis or small pleural exudate, physicians should pay attention to pulmonary infarction.


Assuntos
Angiografia/métodos , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Doença Aguda , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural/complicações , Pneumonia/complicações , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
Clin Lab ; 65(7)2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We report a case that presented as fever with positive Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) IgM antibody combined with subcutaneous nodules on lower extremities and cervical lymphadenopathy firstly misdiagnosed as infectious mononucleosis, which was proven as subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma by subcutaneous nodule biopsies. METHODS: Appropriate serum and bacteriological laboratory tests were carried out for the cause of fever. An ultrasound and subcutaneous nodule biopsies were performed. RESULTS: EBV IgM antibody was positive. An ultrasound revealed multiple subcutaneous nodules, which were prone to be lipoma on lower extremities and cervical lymphadenopathy. Subcutaneous nodule biopsies were firstly misdiagnosed as lipoma, while pathology consultation for the subcutaneous nodule biopsies diagnosed subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma. CONCLUSIONS: When patients have persistent fever with positive EBV IgM antibody combined other system involvements, especially lymphadenopathy and multiple subcutaneous nodules, it should differentiate lymphoma from infectious diseases.


Assuntos
Febre/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Mononucleose Infecciosa/diagnóstico , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Linfadenopatia/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T/diagnóstico , Paniculite/diagnóstico , Tela Subcutânea/patologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/fisiologia , Humanos , Mononucleose Infecciosa/complicações , Mononucleose Infecciosa/virologia , Extremidade Inferior/virologia , Linfadenopatia/etiologia , Linfoma de Células T/complicações , Pescoço , Paniculite/complicações , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Tela Subcutânea/virologia
12.
Clin Lab ; 65(6)2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and nocardia overlap in clinical and radiological presentations, so differentiating between nocardia and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is confusing. Though sputum culture could distinguish between nocardia and aspergillus fumigatus, but for the ultimate diagnosis, sputum culture provided limited help. Here we report a case of a patient with positive G test and aspergillus fumigatus sputum culture mimic invasive pulmonary aspergillosis ultimately diagnosed as nocardia through bronchoalveolar lavage culture combined metagenomic next-generation sequencing (NGS). METHODS: Bronchoalveolar lavage culture combined metagenomic NGS for infectious diseases were performed for diagnosis. RESULTS: Bronchoalveolar lavage culture combined metagenomic next-generation sequencing showed Nocardia Gelsenkirchen. CONCLUSIONS: Positive G test and sputum culture were not specific, while bronchoalveolar lavage culture and NGS gave more information for a differential diagnosis between nocardia and aspergillus fumigatus.


Assuntos
Aspergillus fumigatus/isolamento & purificação , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/diagnóstico , Nocardiose/diagnóstico , Nocardia/isolamento & purificação , Escarro/microbiologia , beta-Glucanas/sangue , Aspergillus fumigatus/genética , Aspergillus fumigatus/fisiologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/microbiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/microbiologia , Teste do Limulus , Pulmão/microbiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nocardia/genética , Nocardia/fisiologia , Nocardiose/microbiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
Clin Lab ; 65(5)2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anemia can be secondary to many diseases and hypercalcemia can be secondary to oral calcium supplementation. For non-hematologists, anemia and hypercalcemia are usually ignored. Here we report a case of persistent mild anemia and hypercalcemia which were ignored as a normal reaction secondary to oral calcium supplementation in a steroid-dependent asthma patient; it was ultimately diagnosed as multiple myeloma. METHODS: Bone marrow puncture, combined serum, and urine laboratory indexes were performed for diagnosis. RESULTS: A bone marrow puncture specimen comprised 31.5% plasma cells. The serum and urine immunoelectrophoresis showed monoclonal kappa light chains. CONCLUSIONS: When anemia and hypercalcemia occur in an elderly patient, physicians should pay attention to multiple myeloma, especially when accompanied with vertebral and flat bone fractures.


Assuntos
Anemia/diagnóstico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Hipercalcemia/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Anemia/etiologia , Asma/complicações , Cálcio/efeitos adversos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Suplementos Nutricionais , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/etiologia , Masculino , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações
14.
Clin Lab ; 65(5)2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated adenosine deaminase (ADA) and normal tumor markers in pericardial or pleural effusion are usually considered to be a specific manifestation of benign pericardial or pleural effusion. Here we report a case of lung adenocarcinoma with pericardial metastasis with elevated ADA and normal tumor markers in pericardial effusion. METHODS: Pericardiocentesis and lung puncture combined laboratory indexes and pathology were performed for diagnosis. RESULTS: Analysis of pericardial fluid revealed a white blood cell (WBC) count of 2,000 x 106/L (70% for lymphocytes) with an ADA level of 72.8 U/mL. Pathology of pericardial effusion found no malignant cells. Histopathology of percutaneous lung puncture showed adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: ADA and tumor markers were not a specific index in differential diagnosis between tuberculosis and metastasis in pericardial effusion.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenosina Desaminase/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Derrame Pericárdico/diagnóstico , Pericardite Tuberculosa/diagnóstico , Pericárdio/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pericárdico/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/metabolismo
15.
Clin Lab ; 65(5)2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the extensive improvement in antibiotic treatment and medical care, severe adult community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains as the significant cause of death worldwide. Earlier prognosis assessment and timely treatment in adult CAP patients are useful for prognosis. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in blood routine has a broad application possibility in assessing inflammatory reaction and prognosis. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between NLR and inflammatory reaction and to unravel the usefulness of NLR in the assessment of clinical outcomes in adult CAP patients. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted based on adult patients with a primary diagnosis of CAP. All patients included received a routine blood test and calculated NLR. All of the measurement data were analyzed with paired t-test and the enumeration data were analyzed with χ2 test. Multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the association between predictors (age, male, CURB-65 scores, comorbidity, NLR, and other inflammatory cells in blood routine) and unfavorable outcomes of CAP (ICU admission and 30-day mortality). Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) were used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of NLR in predicting unfavorable outcomes of CAP. RESULTS: One hundred fifty patients were included. Compared with favorable outcomes group, age, CURB-65 scores, WBC, neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, and NLR were elevated in unfavorable outcomes group (p < 0.05), gender and coexisting illness did not differ obviously. Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed CURB-65 scores and NLR were independent predictors correlated with unfavorable outcomes (p < 0.05). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of NLR was 0.81 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.89), the sensitivity was 81.00% and specificity was 72.8%. NLR is superior to CURB-65 in predicting unfavorable outcomes. NLR combined CURB-65 has better sensitivity and specificity (89.40% versus 91.30%). CONCLUSIONS: NLR is a simple, cheap, and rapidly available measurement in blood routine and is associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes in adult CAP patients.


Assuntos
Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Contagem de Leucócitos , Pneumonia/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Clin Lab ; 65(3)2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anemia combined with increased serum sedimentation (ESR) can be secondary to many diseases and may be ignored when the patient had few clinical symptoms. We report a case of persistent anemia combined with ESR for more than 2 years firstly misdiagnosed as lymphoma. When she received a chest CT scan multiple enlarged lymph nodes were found. METHODS: The chest contrast-enhanced CT scan and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the right hilum enlarged lymph nodes were performed for diagnosis. RESULTS: The chest CT scan and EBUS showed multiple enlarged right hilum and mediastinum lymph nodes without calcification. Pathology of EBUS-TBNA showed multiple granulomas; Zeihl-Neelsen acid-fast stain was positive. CONCLUSIONS: Systemic lymph node tuberculosis is rarely seen in adult patients. In a young patient who has anemia combined with increased ESR should be excluded if those changes are secondary to tuberculosis.


Assuntos
Tuberculose dos Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Anemia/etiologia , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Broncoscopia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Tuberculose dos Linfonodos/sangue , Tuberculose dos Linfonodos/complicações
17.
Clin Lab ; 65(3)2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868855

RESUMO

Background: Scoring systems including CURB-65 and Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) and novel or traditional biomarkers including procalcitonin (PCT) and c-reactive protein (CRP) are very significant for understanding the severity and prognosis in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients, while prognostic items are useful for CAP prognostication and point-of-care decisions. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of peripheral blood routine items in predicting ICU admission and 30-day mortality in CAP patients.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted. All adult patients with a primary diagnosis of CAP were included and peripheral blood routine tests were evaluated. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to explore association of risk factors with 30-day mortality among CAP patients. Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) were used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of peripheral blood routine items and compared with CURB-65 scores in predicting ICU admission and/or 30-day mortality.

Results: One hundred fifty patients were included and compared with non-ICU admission patients. There was a statistically significant difference in age, co-existing illness, RDW, WBC, and CURB-65 scores ranking in ICU admission patients (p < 0.05). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, we found RDW, WBC, and CURB-65 ≥ 3 scores increased the risk of 30-day mortality by 4.01, 1.65, and 3.43 times, respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) of ROC curves of RDW combined with WBC and CURB-65 was 0.786 (95% CI 0.701 to 0.876) and 0.836 (95% CI 0.764 to 0.908), respectively and the sensitivity was 84.0% and 60.0%, respectively, and the specificity 66.7% and 93.7%, respectively.

Conclusions: Elevated RDW and WBC increased mortality in adult CAP patients, RDW combined with WBC had a better sensitivity than CURB-65 scores in predicting ICU admission and/or mortality in CAP patients.

.


Assuntos
Pneumonia/sangue , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/sangue , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/mortalidade , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Índices de Eritrócitos , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Aquat Toxicol ; 210: 98-105, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30840922

RESUMO

In order to understand the mechanisms of the toxicity of lead (Pb) on invertebrates, the immunotoxic effects of Pb in the marine crab, Charybdis japonica, were evaluated in the present study. The crabs were exposed to 0.066, 0.132, 1.318, 2.636, 6.590, and 13.181 µM of lead acetate and a control over 30 days, and the hemolymph was sampled terminally for testing the immunity-related indices, including total hemocyte count (THC), hemocyanin content, the activities of the phenoloxidase (PO) and lysozyme (LSZ). In addition, tissue samples were collected from the hepatopancreas, gill, muscle and ovary after 30 days of exposure for detecting the Pb accumulation in the major organs. The gene expression profiles of metallothionein (MT) and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in the hepatopancreas of C. japonica upon exposure to lead acetate over 96 h were also analyzed. The results showed a decline in the majority of the immunity-related parameters after an initial rise, and their levels were significantly lower in the treatment groups compared with those in the control, except in the group exposed to 0.066 µM of lead acetate for 30 days. Furthermore, a significant negative correlation was observed between the lead acetate concentration and the hemocyanin content, the activities of PO and LSZ (P<0.01). The expression levels of MT and HSP70 genes were rapidly induced, reaching a peak level after 12 and 24 h of exposure, respectively, and remained at a significantly higher level than the control after 96 h of exposure. It was also observed that the distribution pattern of Pb in the tissues of exposed crabs was in the order of gill > hepatopancreas > ovary and muscle, and exhibited a concentration-dependent response. Taken together, the results revealed that Pb exposure induced the immunosuppression of C. japonica and resulted in bioaccumulation, which could subsequently increase the disease susceptibility and threaten the food safety.


Assuntos
Braquiúros/efeitos dos fármacos , Braquiúros/imunologia , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Chumbo/toxicidade , Metalotioneína/genética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Braquiúros/genética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Especificidade de Órgãos
19.
Clin Lab ; 65(1)2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30775876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) level has been in use as a tumor marker; however, some physicians may ignore NSE levels in serum, especially when the patients are asymptomatic. Here we report a case that a 51 year old female patient with no respiratory symptoms who had a NSE level which increased extremely over three months and was eventually diagnosed small cell lung cancer (SCLC). METHODS: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in right pulmonary hilar enlarged lymph node was performed for diagnosis. RESULTS: EBUS showed right pulmonary hilar lymph node enlargement. A TBNA biopsy histopathology diagnosed SCLC. CONCLUSIONS: We should pay attention to high serum NSE levels, especially when the index increased extremely over a short time.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/sangue , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Linfonodos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/diagnóstico
20.
Clin Lab ; 65(1)2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30775877

RESUMO

Background: To report an atypical case misdiagnosed as lung abscess over the past 2 months, but persistent anemia combined with significantly increased hs-CRP and lung lesions indicated systemic lesion, which led to the diagnosis of granulomatosis with polyangiitis proven by lung biopsy and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody test (ANCA).

Methods: The complete blood count, hs-CRP, and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) test were performed. The pathology consultation for the lung biopsy was arranged.

Results: Hemoglobin was 8.5 g/L, hs-CRP was > 200 mg/L, c-ANCA directed against anti-proteinase 3 (PR3) was positive, pathology consultation reported granulomatous inflammation.

 

 

 

 

Conclusions: When patients have multiple organ dysfunction combined with anemia and significantly increased hs-CRP, physicians should pay attention to systemic vasculitis.

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Assuntos
Anemia/sangue , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/diagnóstico , Pulmão/patologia , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/sangue , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/sangue , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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