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1.
Food Res Int ; 149: 110662, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600664

RESUMO

The rapid increase of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) entering the food and feed markets, and the contamination of donor (micro)organisms of transgenic elements make it more challenging for the existing GMO detection. In this study, we developed a high-throughput and contamination-removal GMO detection approach named as GmoDetector. GmoDetector targeted 64 common transgenic elements and 76 GMO-specific events collected from 251 singular GM events, and combined with next generation sequencing (NGS) and target enrichment technology to detect various GMOs. As a result, GmoDetector was able to exclude the donor (micro)organism contamination, and detect the authorized and unauthorized GMOs (UGMOs) in any forms of food or feed, such as processed or unprocessed. The sensitivity of GmoDetector is as low as 0.1% (GMO content), which has met the GMO labeling threshold for all countries. Therefore, GmoDetector is a robust tool for accurate and efficient detection of the authorized and UGMOs.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508631

RESUMO

A female patient with a right-sided encapsulated pleural effusion was misdiagnosed preoperatively as having an encapsulated empyema. However, a giant mass in the anterior mediastinum was found via thoracoscopy, and a mature teratoma was detected based on the pathological result. Herein we report this case and provide lessons for cardiothoracic surgeons.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515933

RESUMO

Brassinosteroids (BRs) are growth-promoting hormones that exhibit high biological activities across various plant species. BRs shield plants against various abiotic stresses. In the present study, the effect of BRs against aluminum (Al) toxicity was investigated through seed priming with 24-epibrassinolide (0.01 µM) in two different rice cultivars. BRs application was found effective in confronting plants from Al toxicity (400 µM). The rice seeds primed with BRs showed enhancement in seed germination energy, germination percentage, root and shoot length, as well as fresh and dry weight under Al-absence and Al-stressed conditions as compared to water-priming. Especially under Al stress, BRs priming promoted the growth of rice seedlings more obviously. Al toxicity significantly increased the Al contents in seedling root and shoot, as well as the MDA concentration, H2O2 production, and the activities of antioxidative enzymes including ascorbate peroxidase, catalase, and peroxidase. Meanwhile, the photosynthetic pigments of seedling reduced under Al stress. When compared to sensitive cultivar (CY-927), these modifications were more obvious in the tolerant variety (YLY-689). Surprisingly, BRs were able to alleviate the Al injury by lowering MDA and H2O2 level and increasing antioxidant activities and photosynthetic pigments under Al stress. The results on antioxidant activities were further validated by gene expression study of SOD-Cu-Zn, SOD-Fe2, CATa, CATb, APX02, and APX08. It suggested that BRs were responsible for the mitigation of Al stress in rice seedlings by inducing antioxidant activities with an effective response to other seed growth parameters and reduced Al uptake under induced metal stress.

4.
Cell Signal ; 88: 110153, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571190

RESUMO

Retinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) often results in intractable visual impairments, where blood retinal barrier (BRB) homeostasis mediated by retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and retinal microvascular endothelium (RME) is crucial. However, strategies targeting the BRB are limited. Thus, we investigated the inconclusive effect of lycopene (LYC) in retinal protection under I/R. LYC elevated cellular viability and reversed oxidative stress in aRPE-19 cells/hRME cells under I/R conditions based on oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in vitro. Molecular analysis showed that LYC promoted NRF2 expression and enhanced the downstream factors of the KEAP1/NRF2/ARE pathway: LYC increased the activities of antioxidants, including SOD and CAT, whereas it enhanced the mRNA expression of HO-1 (ho-1) and NQO-1 (nqo-1). The activation resulted in restrained ROS and MDA. On the other hand, LYC ameliorated the damage to retinal function and morphology in a mouse I/R model, which was established by unilateral ligation of the left pterygopalatine artery/external carotid artery and reperfusion. LYC promoted the expression of NRF2 in both the neural retina and the RPE choroid in vivo. This evidence revealed the potential of LYC in retinal protection under I/R, uncovering the pharmacological effect of the KEAP1/NRF2/ARE pathway in BRB targeting. The study generates new insights into scientific practices in retinal research.

5.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Development of pulmonary fibrosis is associated with altered DNA methylation modifications of fibrogenic gene expressions; however, their causal relationships and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study investigates the critical role of DNA methylation aberration-associated suppression of PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma) in pulmonary fibrosis. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Expressions of PPARγ and bioactive DNA methyltranferases, and PPARγ promoter methylation status were examined from fibrotic lungs of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients and bleomycin (Blm)-treated mice. DNA demethylating agent 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5aza) and glycyrrhizic acid (GA) derived from medicinal plant were assessed for their PPARγ derepression and anti-pulmonary fibrosis activities. PPARγ knockout mice were created to determine the critical role of PPARγ in the protections. KEY RESULTS: Lung PPARγ expressions were markedly suppressed in IPF patients and Blm mice, accompanied by increased methyltransferase (DNMT) 1/DNMT3a and PPARγ promoter hypermethylation. Administrations of 5aza and GA similarly demethylated PPARγ promoter, recovered the PPARγ loss and alleviated the fibrotic lung pathologies, including structural alterations and adverse expressions of fibrotic mediators and inflammatory cytokines. In cultured lung fibroblast and alveolar epithelial cells, GA alleviated the fibrotic PPARγ suppression in a gain of DNMT-sensitive manner, and in PPARγ knockout mice, the anti-fibrotic effects of 5aza and GA were significantly reduced, suggesting that PPARγ is a critical mediator of epigenetic pulmonary fibrogenesis. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Aberrant DNMT1/3a elevations and the resultant PPARγ suppression contribute significantly to the development of pulmonary fibrosis, and strategies targeting DNMT/PPARγ axis by synthetic or natural small compounds might benefit patients with pulmonary fibrotic disorders.

6.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(33): 44768-44779, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235688

RESUMO

Biotic and abiotic stresses, especially heavy metal toxicity, are becoming a big problem in agriculture, which pose serious threats to crop production. Plant hormones have recently been used to develop stress tolerance in a variety of plants. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are the sixth class of plant steroid hormones, with pleiotropic effects on plants. Exogenous application of BRs to boost plant tolerance mechanisms to various stresses has been a major research focus. Numerous studies have revealed the role of these steroidal hormones in the up-regulation of stress-related resistance genes, as well as their interactions with other metabolic pathways. BRs interact with other phytohormones such as auxin, cytokinin, ethylene, gibberellin, jasmonic acid, abscisic acid, salicylic acid, and polyamines to regulate a variety of physiological and developmental processes in plants. BRs regulate expressions of many BR-inducible genes by activating the brassinazole-resistant 1 (BZR1)/BRI1-EMS suppressor 1 (BES1) complex. Moreover, to improve plant development under a variety of stresses, BRs regulate antioxidant enzyme activity, chlorophyll concentration, photosynthetic capability, and glucose metabolism. This review will provide insights into the mechanistic role and actions of brassinosteroids in plants in response to various stresses.


Assuntos
Brassinosteroides , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Plantas , Estresse Fisiológico
7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(2): 020602, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296924

RESUMO

We experimentally study the ergodic dynamics of a 1D array of 12 superconducting qubits with a transverse field, and identify the regimes of strong and weak thermalization with different initial states. We observe convergence of the local observable to its thermal expectation value in the strong-thermalizaion regime. For weak thermalization, the dynamics of local observable exhibits an oscillation around the thermal value, which can only be attained by the time average. We also demonstrate that the entanglement entropy and concurrence can characterize the regimes of strong and weak thermalization. Our work provides an essential step toward a generic understanding of thermalization in quantum systems.

8.
Nanomicro Lett ; 13(1): 159, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297240

RESUMO

Aluminum-ion batteries (AIBs) are promising next-generation batteries systems because of their features of low cost and abundant aluminum resource. However, the inferior rate capacity and poor all-climate performance, especially the decayed capacity under low temperature, are still critical challenges toward high-specific-capacity AIBs. Herein, we report a binder-free and freestanding metal-organic framework-derived FeS2@C/carbon nanotube (FeS2@C/CNT) as a novel all-climate cathode in AIBs working under a wide temperature window between -25 and 50 °C with exceptional flexibility. The resultant cathode not only drastically suppresses the side reaction and volumetric expansion with high capacity and long-term stability but also greatly enhances the kinetic process in AIBs with remarkable rate capacity (above 151 mAh g-1 at 2 A g-1) at room temperature. More importantly, to break the bottleneck of the inherently low capacity in graphitic material-based all-climate AIBs, the new hierarchical conductive composite FeS2@C/CNT highly promotes the all-climate performance and delivers as high as 117 mAh g-1 capacity even under -25 °C. The well-designed metal sulfide electrode with remarkable performance paves a new way toward all-climate and flexible AIBs.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26568, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190199

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Due to the rarity of solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP), few studies reported the prognosis and survival predictors of SBP, especially for patients with extremity SBP.A total of 552 patients with extremity SBP were identified from the Surveillance Epidemiology and Ends Results (SEER) database between 1973 and 2016. In order to obtain independent predictors of survival, we performed both univariate and multivariate analysis via Cox proportional hazards model. Additionally, we used the Kaplan-Meier method to construct survival curves.The mean and median age at diagnosis of all patients were 64 and 65 years, respectively. The ratio of male versus women was 1.3:1. Overall survival for this special population was 51.2% and 34.9% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) for this special population was 63.5% and 47.5% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Age at diagnosis and radiotherapy treatment were found to be significant independent predictors of both overall survival and CSS. Additionally, multivariate analysis showed that year of diagnosis and marital status were significantly correlated with CSS.This is the first study to identify prognostic factors of extremity SBP by using the SEER database. Our findings highlight that radiotherapy is the mainstream treatment for extremity SBP. Additionally, age, year of diagnosis, and marital status were significant independent predictors of survival. Knowledge of these survival predictors may help clinicians provide appropriate management for extremity SBP patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Extremidades/patologia , Estado Civil/estatística & dados numéricos , Plasmocitoma , Radioterapia , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/radioterapia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Plasmocitoma/diagnóstico , Plasmocitoma/mortalidade , Plasmocitoma/patologia , Prognóstico , Radioterapia/métodos , Radioterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Programa de SEER/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Science ; 372(6545): 948-952, 2021 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33958483

RESUMO

Quantum walks are the quantum mechanical analog of classical random walks and an extremely powerful tool in quantum simulations, quantum search algorithms, and even for universal quantum computing. In our work, we have designed and fabricated an 8-by-8 two-dimensional square superconducting qubit array composed of 62 functional qubits. We used this device to demonstrate high-fidelity single- and two-particle quantum walks. Furthermore, with the high programmability of the quantum processor, we implemented a Mach-Zehnder interferometer where the quantum walker coherently traverses in two paths before interfering and exiting. By tuning the disorders on the evolution paths, we observed interference fringes with single and double walkers. Our work is a milestone in the field, bringing future larger-scale quantum applications closer to realization for noisy intermediate-scale quantum processors.

11.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 110, 2021 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) has long been regarded as a disease of cartilage degeneration, whereas mounting evidence implies that low-grade inflammation contributes to OA. Among inflammatory cells involved, macrophages play a crucial role and are mediated by the local microenvironment to exhibit different phenotypes and polarization states. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to uncover the phenotypic alterations of macrophages during OA and summarized the potential therapeutic interventions via modulating macrophages. METHODS: A systematic review of multiple databases (PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, Medline) was performed up to February 29, 2020. Included articles were discussed and evaluated by two independent reviewers. Relevant information was analyzed with a standardized and well-designed template. RESULTS: A total of 28 studies were included. Results were subcategorized into two sections depending on sources from human tissue/cell-based studies (12 studies) and animal experiments (16 studies). The overall observation indicated that M1 macrophages elevated in both synovium and circulation during OA development, along with lower numbers of M2 macrophages. The detailed alterations of macrophages in both synovium and circulation were listed and analyzed. Furthermore, interventions against OA via regulating macrophages in animal models were highlighted. CONCLUSION: This study emphasized the importance of the phenotypic alterations of macrophages in OA development. The classical phenotypic subcategory of M1 and M2 macrophages was questionable due to controversial and conflicting results. Therefore, further efforts are needed to categorize macrophages in an exhaustive manner and to use advanced technologies to identify the individual roles of each subtype of macrophages in OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Animais , Humanos , Inflamação , Macrófagos , Fenótipo , Membrana Sinovial
12.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(8): 2025-2037, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905370

RESUMO

The jarosite crystallization and new extractant system for extractant 7101 was used to separate iron and extract vanadium from titanium white waste liquid (TWWL). The influence factors and mechanisms of crystallization and solvent extraction were investigated and analyzed using SEM-EDS, XRD, FT-IR, solution thermodynamic theory and extraction isothermal curve. More than 97% of iron was precipitated with the following conditions: potassium chlorate 15 g/L, pH value of 1.6, temperature of 95 °C and time of 90 min, in which the crystallization product was jarosite with a purity of 99.5%; the pH value of the solution decreased after precipitation. The extraction efficiency of vanadium reached 88.6% with 10% Fe, 5% Al(III) but less for Mg(II), K(I) and Na(I) under the conditions X7101 of 0.5, pH value of 2.0, time of 4 min and stirring speed of 40 r/min. The extraction of metal ions occurred in the order V(V) > Fe(III) > Al(III) > Mg(II) > K(I). Vanadium minimally existed as H2V10O284- at pH 2.0, and the functional groups NH and C-N contributed to vanadium extraction using the extractant 7101. Four stages extraction and three stages of re-extraction were predicated by McCable-Thiele plots.


Assuntos
Ferro , Vanádio , Cristalização , Compostos Férricos , Solventes , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Sulfatos , Titânio
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e23589, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578510

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Postoperative intracranial hemorrhage is a serious and even fatal complication after non-traumatic craniotomy, in which epidural hematoma and intracerebral hematoma are relatively common. Postoperative subdural hematoma is rare, and its pathogenic mechanism remains unclear. PATIENT CONCERNS: In the present study, we report 2 cases with postoperative subdural hematoma after non-traumatic craniotomy. DIAGNOSES: The diagnosis of acute subdural hematoma (aSDH) was rendered according to the imaging features. INTERVENTIONS: Hematoma evacuation was performed immediately. OUTCOMES: Two months later, the first patient continued to have impaired consciousness and sensorimotor deficiency in the right extremities. And the second one remained unconscious and continued to have sensorimotor disturbance in the right extremities after 6 weeks of rehabilitation. LESSONS: Neurosurgeons should be aware of potential subdural hematoma after non-traumatic craniotomy, since this condition is usually latent and associated with poor prognosis. Early identification and surgical evacuation should be highlighted.


Assuntos
Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Hematoma Subdural Agudo/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Adulto , Conscientização , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hematoma Subdural Agudo/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma Subdural Agudo/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurocirurgiões , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(8): 10446-10456, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617228

RESUMO

The copper tannic acid (CuTA) nanosheets with an excellent antibacterial activity were successfully prepared, which showed fine antibacterial and antifouling performance after hybridization with acrylic resin. The morphology and structure characterization of CuTA nanosheets were studied by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, etc. The plate counting method, zone of inhibition test, and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method were used to detect the antibacterial activity of the prepared samples against Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) and Gram-negative Escherichia coli (E. coli). The results showed that the killing rates of 2 and 0.5 mg/mL of CuTA powder were close to 100% after 24 h. The MIC values of E. coli and B. subtilis were 0.25 and 0.5 mg/mL, respectively. The results of morphology and element distribution of bacteria, after treating with CuTA powder, revealed that Cu2+ and TA destroyed their cell walls and inhibited the proliferation and growth of the bacteria. Furthermore, the hybrid coating of CuTA nanosheets and acrylic resin showed brilliant antimicrobial performance for E. coli and B. subtilis and antialgae properties under a lower CuTA load (≤5%). The CuTA nanosheets with a low copper content (30.9 wt %) and low pollution have promising applications in marine antifouling coatings.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Cobre/farmacologia , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/farmacologia , Taninos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Chlorella/efeitos dos fármacos , Cobre/química , Diatomáceas/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Taninos/química
15.
Bone Res ; 9(1): 15, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637693

RESUMO

Osteoporosis (OP) is a common skeletal disease involving low bone mineral density (BMD) that often leads to fragility fracture, and its development is affected by multiple cellular pathologies and associated with marked epigenetic alterations of osteogenic genes. Proper physical exercise is beneficial for bone health and OP and reportedly possesses epigenetic modulating capacities; however, whether the protective effects of exercise on OP involve epigenetic mechanisms is unclear. Here, we report that epigenetic derepression of nuclear factor erythroid derived 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2), a master regulator of oxidative stress critically involved in the pathogenesis of OP, mediates the significant osteoprotective effects of running exercise (RE) in a mouse model of OP induced by ovariectomy. We showed that Nrf2 gene knockout (Nfe2l2-/-) ovariectomized mice displayed a worse BMD reduction than the controls, identifying Nrf2 as a critical antiosteoporotic factor. Further, femoral Nrf2 was markedly repressed with concomitant DNA methyltransferase (Dnmt) 1/Dnmt3a/Dnmt3b elevations and Nrf2 promoter hypermethylation in both patients with OP and ovariectomized mice. However, daily 1-h treadmill RE significantly corrected epigenetic alterations, recovered Nrf2 loss and improved the femur bone mass and trabecular microstructure. Consistently, RE also normalized the adverse expression of major osteogenic factors, including osteoblast/osteoclast markers, Nrf2 downstream antioxidant enzymes and proinflammatory cytokines. More importantly, the RE-conferred osteoprotective effects observed in the wild-type control mice were largely abolished in the Nfe2l2-/- mice. Thus, Nrf2 repression due to aberrant Dnmt elevation and subsequent Nrf2 promoter hypermethylation is likely an important epigenetic feature of the pathogenesis of OP, and Nrf2 derepression is essential for the antiosteoporotic effects of RE.

16.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 99(3): 383-402, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33409554

RESUMO

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a common threat to photoreceptors during the pathogenesis of chronic retinopathies and often results in irreversible visual impairment. 2,3,5,6-Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), which possesses many beneficial pharmacological activities, is a potential drug that could be used to protect photoreceptors. In the present study, we found that the cellular growth rate of 661 W cells cultured under low glucose conditions was lower than that of control cells, while the G2/M phase of the cell cycle was longer. We further found that the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) was lower and that ER stress factor expression was increased in 661 W cells cultured under low glucose conditions. TMP reversed these trends. Visual function and cell counts in the outer nuclear layer (ONL) were low and the TUNEL-positive rate in the ONL was high in a C3H mouse model of spontaneous retinal degeneration. Similarly, visual function was decreased, and the TUNEL-positive rate in the ONL was increased in fasted C57/BL6j mice compared with control mice. On the other hand, ER stress factor expression was found to be increased in the retinas of both mouse models, as shown by reverse transcription real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) and western blotting. TMP reversed the physiological and molecular biological variations observed in both mouse models, and ATF4 expression was enhanced again. Further investigation by using western blotting illustrated that the proportion of insoluble prion protein (PRP) versus soluble PRP was reduced both in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, these results suggest that TMP increased the functions of photoreceptors by alleviating ER stress in vitro and in vivo, and the intrinsic mechanism was the ATF4-mediated inhibition of PRP aggregation. TMP may potentially be used clinically as a therapeutic agent to attenuate the functional loss of photoreceptors during the pathogenesis of chronic retinopathies. KEY MESSAGES: • Already known: TMP is a beneficial drug mainly used in clinic to enhance organ functions, and the intrinsic mechanism is still worthy of exploring. • New in the study: We discovered that TMP ameliorated retinal photoreceptors function via ER stress alleviation, which was promoted by ATF4-mediated inhibition of PRP aggregation. • Application prospect: In prospective clinical practices, TMP may potentially be used in the clinic as a therapeutic agent to attenuate the photoreceptors functional reduction in chronic retinopathies.

17.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 24, 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of immunoglobulin G serum antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-IgG) associated inflammatory demyelinating disorders can be confirmed by the presence of MOG-IgG, yet its general cut-off concentration had not yet to be defined. Whether it is significant that a seropositive lower titer level for MOG-IgG could cause disease is still unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old Chinese woman presented with acute optic neuritis manifestations in the left eye. MRI showed a left optic nerve demyelination image and a T2 hyperintensity at C7 vertebral segment without any extra specific lesions. AQP4-IgG was tested seronegative, while the MOG-IgG was positive, titer 1:10, by indirect immunofluorescence. Considering the lower concentration, we retested serum MOG-IgG after 6 months of steroid therapy, using cell-based assay, then we still got the same result which was also barely above the negative cut-off value. So, the clinical diagnose was "possible MOG-IgG-associated encephalomyelitis". The woman's condition improved by steroid therapy without relapse. CONCLUSIONS: Seropositive MOG-IgG, even at a lower level, could lead to an autoimmune inflammatory demyelination. In adults, it commonly presents as ON and myelitis. Although the patient had a considerable reaction, steroid therapy could not make MOG-IgG seronegative, instead, the antibody may persist even during remission and flare-ups can recur after steroid withdrawal. Therefore, a long-term follow-up is necessary to monitor the patient's prognosis.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Neuromielite Óptica , Neurite Óptica , Adulto , Autoanticorpos , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Potenciais Evocados Visuais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurite Óptica/diagnóstico , Neurite Óptica/tratamento farmacológico , Neurite Óptica/etiologia
18.
Pediatr Res ; 89(3): 502-509, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia remains one of the most common complications of prematurity, despite significant improvements in perinatal care. Functional modeling of human lung development and disease, like BPD, is limited by our ability to access the lung and to maintain relevant progenitor cell populations in culture. METHODS: We supplemented Rho/SMAD signaling inhibition with mTOR inhibition to generate epithelial basal cell-like cell lines from tracheal aspirates of neonates. RESULTS: Single-cell RNA-sequencing confirmed the presence of epithelial cells in tracheal aspirates obtained from intubated neonates. Using Rho/SMAD/mTOR triple signaling inhibition, neonatal tracheal aspirate-derived (nTAD) basal cell-like cells can be expanded long term and retain the ability to differentiate into pseudostratified airway epithelium. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that neonatal tracheal aspirate-derived epithelial cells can provide a novel ex vivo human cellular model to study neonatal lung development and disease. IMPACT: Airway epithelial basal cell-like cell lines were derived from human neonatal tracheal aspirates. mTOR inhibition significantly extends in vitro proliferation of neonatal tracheal aspirate-derived basal cell-like cells (nTAD BCCs). nTAD BCCs can be differentiated into functional airway epithelium. nTAD BCCs provide a novel model to investigate perinatal lung development and diseases.

19.
Pharmazie ; 75(10): 500-504, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33305725

RESUMO

The etiology of osteoarthritis (OA) has been discussed widely, but the molecular mechanisms beneath OA aggravation have not yet been investigated in detail. This study focused on the role of lncRNA RMRP (RMRP) on OA progression. We found that the expression of RMRP was significantly increased in cartilage tissues of patients with OA. CCK-8 and colony formation assays showed that RMRP knockdown promoted proliferation of chondrocytes treated with IL-1ß. Flow cytometry and caspase-3 activity analysis indicated that RMRP silence inhibited apoptosis of chondrocytes treated with IL-1ß. Moreover, luciferase reporter, RNA pull-down and RIP assays showed that RMRP competing with miR-206. Additionally, CDK9 acted as a direct target of miR-206. Moreover, rescue assays indicated that miR-206 inhibitor or pcDNA-CDK9 reversed the effects of RMRP suppression on the proliferation and apoptosis of chondrocytes. Taken together, our results indicated that RMRP knockdown could promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis in OA chondrocytes via the miR-206/CDK9 axis.

20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(24)2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353030

RESUMO

Bionic electronic skin can accurately sense and locate surface pressure, which is widely demanded in many fields. Traditional electronic skin design usually relies on grid-architecture sensor arrays, requiring complex grid and interconnection arrangements as well as high cost. Grid-less planar sensors can solve the problem by using electrodes only at the edges, but they usually require the use of mapping software such as electrical impedance tomography to achieve high precision. In this work, a design method of high-precision grid-less planar pressure sensors based on the back-propagation (BP) neural network is proposed. The measurement precision of this method is demonstrated to be over two orders of magnitude higher than that of a grid-structure sensor array with the same electrode distribution density. Moreover, this method can be used for irregularly-shaped and non-uniform sensors, which further reduces the manufacturing difficulty and increases the application flexibility.

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