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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 225-229, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical efficacy and side effects of reduced-dose of cyclophosphamide combined cyclosporine A for severe aplastic anemia(SAA) children. METHODS: Ten pediatric patients with SAA from January 2008 to May 2012 were enrolled. All the patients were treated with reduced dose of cyclophosphamide combined cyclosporine A. The dose of cyclophosphamide was 30 mg/(kg·d)×4 d, the dose of cyclosporine A gradually increased >15 mg/L accroding to the blood concentration. RESULTS: The median follow-up time of the 10 pediatric patients was 100 months (6-126 months). Among 10 children with SAA, 4 cases achieved complete response(CR), 3 cases obtained partial response (PR) and the overall response rate was 70%, the remaining 3 cases showed no response (NR). One refractory patient treated by cyclophosphamide was progressed to paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH) at 25 months and was dead at 42 months after therapy. CONCLUSION: The results show that reduced-dose cyclophosphamide (30 mg/kg·d for 4 consecutive days) combinated with CsA (initial dose 4 mg/kg·d, and drugvallery concentration >150 ng/ml) can make 7 of 10 children with severe aplastic anemia achieve complete response or partial response, and this regimen may be the second line regimen selected for some SAA children.

2.
Cancer Cell ; 37(2): 200-215.e5, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049046

RESUMO

Deregulation of MYC plays an essential role in T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), yet the mechanisms underlying its deregulation remain elusive. Herein, we identify a molecular mechanism responsible for reciprocal activation between Aurora B kinase (AURKB) and MYC. AURKB directly phosphorylates MYC at serine 67, counteracting GSK3ß-directed threonine 58 phosphorylation and subsequent FBXW7-mediated proteasomal degradation. Stabilized MYC, in concert with T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia 1 (TAL1), directly activates AURKB transcription, constituting a positive feedforward loop that reinforces MYC-regulated oncogenic programs. Therefore, inhibitors of AURKB induce prominent MYC degradation concomitant with robust leukemia cell death. These findings reveal an AURKB-MYC regulatory circuit that underlies T cell leukemogenesis, and provide a rationale for therapeutic targeting of oncogenic MYC via AURKB inhibition.

3.
JAMA Oncol ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944221

RESUMO

Importance: A randomized clinical trial is needed to determine whether the second-generation Abl-tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib is more effective than the first-generation inhibitor imatinib mesylate for childhood Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Objective: To determine whether dasatinib given at a daily dosage of 80 mg/m2 is more effective than imatinib mesylate at a daily dosage of 300 mg/m2 to improve event-free survival of children with Philadelphia chromosome-positive ALL in the context of intensive chemotherapy without prophylactic cranial irradiation. Design, Setting, and Participants: This open-label, phase 3 randomized clinical trial was conducted at 20 hospitals in China. Enrollment occurred from January 1, 2015, through September 18, 2018, and randomization was stopped on October 4, 2018, when the early stopping criterion of the trial was met. Patients aged 0 to 18 years were recruited. Of the 225 patients with the diagnosis, 35 declined participation and 1 died before treatment, leaving 189 patients available for analysis. Data were analyzed from January 1 through August 4, 2019. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive daily dasatinib (n = 92) or imatinib (n = 97) continuously for the entire duration of ALL therapy from the time of diagnosis made during remission induction to the end of continuation therapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was event-free survival, analyzed based on intention to treat. The secondary outcomes were relapse, death due to toxic effects, and overall survival. Results: Among the 189 participants (136 male [72.0%]; median age, 7.8 [interquartile range (IQR), 5.2-11.3] years) and a median follow-up of 26.4 (IQR, 16.3-34.1) months, the 4-year event-free survival and overall survival rates were 71.0% (95% CI, 56.2%-89.6%) and 88.4% (95% CI, 81.3%-96.1%), respectively, in the dasatinib group and 48.9% (95% CI, 32.0%-74.5%; P = .005, log-rank test) and 69.2% (95% CI, 55.6%-86.2%; P = .04, log-rank test), respectively, in the imatinib group. The 4-year cumulative risk of any relapse was 19.8% (95% CI, 4.2%-35.4%) in the dasatinib group and 34.4% (95% CI, 15.6%-53.2%) in the imatinib group (P = .01, Gray test), whereas the 4-year cumulative risk of an isolated central nervous system relapse was 2.7% (95% CI, 0.0%-8.1%) in the dasatinib group and 8.4% (95% CI, 1.2%-15.6%) in the imatinib group (P = .06, Gray test). There were no significant differences in the frequency of severe toxic effects between the 2 treatment groups. Conclusions and Relevance: Intensive chemotherapy including dasatinib at a dosage of 80 mg/m2 per day yielded superior results in the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive ALL compared with imatinib mesylate at a dosage of 300 mg/m2 per day and provided excellent control of central nervous system leukemia without the use of prophylactic cranial irradiation. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-IPR-14005706.

4.
Blood ; 135(1): 41-55, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697823

RESUMO

To study the mechanisms of relapse in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), we performed whole-genome sequencing of 103 diagnosis-relapse-germline trios and ultra-deep sequencing of 208 serial samples in 16 patients. Relapse-specific somatic alterations were enriched in 12 genes (NR3C1, NR3C2, TP53, NT5C2, FPGS, CREBBP, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, WHSC1, PRPS1, and PRPS2) involved in drug response. Their prevalence was 17% in very early relapse (<9 months from diagnosis), 65% in early relapse (9-36 months), and 32% in late relapse (>36 months) groups. Convergent evolution, in which multiple subclones harbor mutations in the same drug resistance gene, was observed in 6 relapses and confirmed by single-cell sequencing in 1 case. Mathematical modeling and mutational signature analysis indicated that early relapse resistance acquisition was frequently a 2-step process in which a persistent clone survived initial therapy and later acquired bona fide resistance mutations during therapy. In contrast, very early relapses arose from preexisting resistant clone(s). Two novel relapse-specific mutational signatures, one of which was caused by thiopurine treatment based on in vitro drug exposure experiments, were identified in early and late relapses but were absent from 2540 pan-cancer diagnosis samples and 129 non-ALL relapses. The novel signatures were detected in 27% of relapsed ALLs and were responsible for 46% of acquired resistance mutations in NT5C2, PRPS1, NR3C1, and TP53. These results suggest that chemotherapy-induced drug resistance mutations facilitate a subset of pediatric ALL relapses.

5.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(10): 1016-1021, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features and gene mutation spectrum of children with sideroblastic anemia (SA) and the clinical value of targeted next-generation sequencing in the molecular diagnosis of children with SA. METHODS: Clinical data were collected from 36 children with SA. Targeted next-generation sequencing was used to detect mutations in SA-related pathogenic genes and genes associated with heme synthesis and mitochondrial iron metabolism. The association between genotype and clinical phenotype was analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 36 patients, 32 had congenital sideroblastic anemia (CSA) and 4 had myelodysplastic syndrome with ring sideroblasts (MDS-RS). Mutations in CSA-related genes were detected in 19 children (19/36, 53%), among whom 9 (47%) had ALAS2 mutation, 4 (21%) had SLC25A38 mutation, and 6 (32%) had mitochondrial fragment deletion. No pathogenic gene mutation was detected in 4 children with MDS-RS. Among the 19 mutations, 89% (17/19) were known mutations and 11% (2/19) were novel mutations. The novel mutation of the ALAS2 gene c.1153A>T(p.I385F) was rated as "possibly pathogenic" and the novel mutation of the SLC25A38 gene c.175C>T(p.Q59X) was rated as "pathogenic". CONCLUSIONS: ALAS2 and SLC25A38 gene mutations are commonly seen in children with CSA, but mitochondrial gene fragment deletion also accounts for a relatively high proportion. For children with hypoplastic anemia occurring in infancy, mitochondrial disease should be considered.


Assuntos
Anemia Sideroblástica , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , 5-Aminolevulinato Sintetase , Anemia Sideroblástica/genética , Criança , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X , Humanos , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial , Mutação , Fenótipo
7.
J Vis Exp ; (151)2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566610

RESUMO

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and associated disorders are caused by expansion of the cytosine-guanine-guanine (CGG) trinucleotide repeat in the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of the Fragile X mental retardation-1 (FMR1) gene promoter. Conventionally, capillary electrophoresis fragment analysis on a genetic analyzer is used for the sizing of the CGG repeats of FMR1, but additional Southern blot analysis is required for exact measurement when the repeat number is higher than 200. Here, we present an accurate and robust polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method for quantification of the CGG repeats of FMR1. The first step of this test is PCR amplification of the repeat sequences in the 5'UTR of the FMR1 promoter using a Fragile X PCR kit, followed by purification of the PCR products and fragment sizing on a microfluidic capillary electrophoresis instrument, and subsequent interpretation of the number of CGG repeats by referencing standards with known repeats using the analysis software. This PCR-based assay is reproducible and capable of identifying the full range of CGG repeats of FMR1 promoters, including those with a repeat number of more than 200 (classified as full mutation), 55 to 200 (premutation), 46 to 54 (intermediate), and 10 to 45 (normal). It is a cost-effective method that facilitates classification of the FXS and Fragile X-associated disorders with robustness and rapid reporting time.

8.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(9): 890-893, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506148

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term clinical effect of the CCLG-ALL2008 regimen in the treatment of children newly diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with different molecular biological features. METHODS: A total of 940 children who were newly diagnosed with ALL were enrolled in this study. The children were treated with the CCLG-ALL2008 regimen. A retrospective analysis was performed for the long-term outcome of ALL children with different molecular biological features. RESULTS: Among the 940 children with ALL, there were 570 boys and 370 girls, with a median age of onset of 5 years (range 1-15 years) and a median follow-up time of 65 months (range 3-123 months). The complete response (CR) rate was 96.7%, the predicted 10-year overall survival (OS) rate was 76.5%±1.5%, and the event-free survival (EFS) rate was 62.6%±3.0%. After CR was achieved after treatment, the overall recurrence rate was 21.9%. The children with positive ETV6-RUNX1 had the lowest recurrence rate and were prone to late recurrence, and those with positive MLL rearrangement had the highest recurrence rate and were prone to early recurrence. The children with positive ETV6-RUNX1 had a significantly higher predicted 10-year OS rate than those with positive TCF3-PBX1, BCR-ABL, or MLL rearrangement and those without molecular biological features (P<0.05). The children with positive ETV6-RUNX1 had a significantly higher predicted 10-year EFS rate than those with positive BCR-ABL or MLL rearrangement (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Molecular biological features may affect the long-term prognosis of children with ALL, and positive MLL rearrangement and BCR-ABL fusion gene are indicators of poor prognosis. Children with positive ETV6-RUNX1 fusion gene have the highest long-term survival rate.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(8): 766-771, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416500

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the association of platelet level at diagnosis with prognosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: A total of 892 children with ALL who underwent chemotherapy with the CCLG-ALL 2008 regimen were enrolled. According to the platelet count at diagnosis, these children were divided into normal platelet count group (platelet count ≥100×109/L; n=263) and thrombocytopenia group (platelet count <100×109/L; n=629). The thrombocytopenia group was further divided into (50- <100)×109/L (n=243), (20- <50)×109/L (n=263), and <20×109/L (n=123) subgroups. The association of clinical features (sex, age, immunophenotype, and molecular biology) with event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with the thrombocytopenia group, the normal platelet count group had significantly lower positive rate of MLL gene rearrangement and recurrence rate (P<0.05), as well as a significantly higher 10-year EFS rate (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in 10-year OS between the two groups (P>0.05). The normal platelet count group still had a significantly higher 10-year EFS rate than the thrombocytopenia group after the children with MLL gene rearrangement were excluded (P<0.05), and there was still no significant difference in 10-year OS between the two groups (P>0.05). The <20×109/L subgroup had significantly lower 10-year EFS and OS rates than the normal platelet count group, the (50- <100)×109/L subgroup, and the (20- <50)×109/L subgroup (P<0.05). After the children with MLL gene rearrangement were excluded, the <20×109/L subgroup still had significantly lower 10-year EFS and OS rates than the normal platelet count group, the (50-<100)×109/L subgroup, and the (20- <50)×109/L subgroup (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ALL children with MLL gene rearrangement often have the clinical manifestation of thrombocytopenia. Platelet level at diagnosis is associated with the prognosis of ALL children. The children with normal platelet count have a low recurrence rate and good prognosis, and those with a platelet count of <20×109/L have the worst prognosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Prognóstico , Recidiva
10.
Genet Med ; 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447483

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Emerging studies suggest that low-pass genome sequencing (GS) provides additional diagnostic yield of clinically significant copy-number variants (CNVs) compared with chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). However, a prospective back-to-back comparison evaluating accuracy, efficacy, and incremental yield of low-pass GS compared with CMA is warranted. METHODS: A total of 1023 women undergoing prenatal diagnosis were enrolled. Each sample was subjected to low-pass GS and CMA for CNV analysis in parallel. CNVs were classified according to guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics. RESULTS: Low-pass GS not only identified all 124 numerical disorders or pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) CNVs detected by CMA in 121 cases (11.8%, 121/1023), but also defined 17 additional and clinically relevant P/LP CNVs in 17 cases (1.7%, 17/1023). In addition, low-pass GS significantly reduced the technical repeat rate from 4.6% (47/1023) for CMA to 0.5% (5/1023) and required less DNA (50 ng) as input. CONCLUSION: In the context of prenatal diagnosis, low-pass GS identified additional and clinically significant information with enhanced resolution and increased sensitivity of detecting mosaicism as compared with the CMA platform used. This study provides strong evidence for applying low-pass GS as an alternative prenatal diagnostic test.

11.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(10): e00933, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to explore the METTL3 and METTL14 expressions in children with ETV6/RUNX1(E/R)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and investigate the relation between the METTL3 and METTL14 expressions with clinical features. METHODS: Thirty-seven newly diagnosed E/R-positive ALL children and six controls were included in this study. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression level of METTL3 and METTL14. RESULTS: Among the 37 cases, 51.35% (n = 19) were boys and 48.65% (n = 18) were girls and the median age was 4.72 (1.72-11.99) years. Among the six controls, 50% (n = 3) were boys and 50% (n = 3) were girls and the median age was 5.24 (1.53-13.17) years. The expression level of METTL3 and METTL14 in E/R-positive ALL patients were lower than in controls (p < .05). Although failed to achieve statistical significance, the expression level of METTL3 and METTL14 in relapse patients were lower than nonrelapse patients (p = .171, p = .150, respectively). CONCLUSION: The reduced levels of METTL3 and METTL14 suggest a possible role in the pathogenesis and course of E/R-positive ALL. METTL3 and METTL14 may become new prognostic factors, and rationalize specific treatment intensification in possible E/R-positive relapse patients.

14.
DNA Res ; 26(4): 313-325, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173071

RESUMO

The diversity of disease presentations warrants one single assay for detection and delineation of various genomic disorders. Herein, we describe a gel-free and biotin-capture-free mate-pair method through coupling Controlled Polymerizations by Adapter-Ligation (CP-AL). We first demonstrated the feasibility and ease-of-use in monitoring DNA nick translation and primer extension by limiting the nucleotide input. By coupling these two controlled polymerizations by a reported non-conventional adapter-ligation reaction 3' branch ligation, we evidenced that CP-AL significantly increased DNA circularization efficiency (by 4-fold) and was applicable for different sequencing methods but at a faction of current cost. Its advantages were further demonstrated by fully elimination of small-insert-contaminated (by 39.3-fold) with a ∼50% increment of physical coverage, and producing uniform genome/exome coverage and the lowest chimeric rate. It achieved single-nucleotide variants detection with sensitivity and specificity up to 97.3 and 99.7%, respectively, compared with data from small-insert libraries. In addition, this method can provide a comprehensive delineation of structural rearrangements, evidenced by a potential diagnosis in a patient with oligo-atheno-terato-spermia. Moreover, it enables accurate mutation identification by integration of genomic variants from different aberration types. Overall, it provides a potential single-integrated solution for detecting various genomic variants, facilitating a genetic diagnosis in human diseases.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Técnicas de Genotipagem/métodos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Masculino
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 688: 542-554, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254820

RESUMO

Ground ice is a distinctive feature of permafrost, and its thawing under climate change can alter the regional hydrological and biogeochemical cycles. Spatial variations and determinants of ground ice isotopes are critical to understand subsurface water cycling during freeze-thaw process in the context of climate change, while they are not well known in permafrost region due to lack of field investigation. We examined spatial distributions and controlling factors of ground ice isotopes using data of 8 soil profiles surveyed in permafrost areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). The stable isotope values (δ2H and δ18O) of subsurface water on the QTP were higher than those in Arctic tundra ecosystem and East Siberian permafrost region. Isotopic values of water components differed each other, and varied significantly among the sampling sites. The spatial distribution of isotopes was complex. Isotopes generally decreased with depth within the soil profile, implying a general isotope depth gradient across different permafrost-affected areas. Water source, evaporative and freeze-out fractionation, and cryoturbation affect soil water isotopes. Correlation analyses showed that δ2H and δ18O in soil water positively related to air temperature and soil temperature, while negatively related to soil moisture, depth, active layer thickness, vegetation coverage, elevation, and precipitation. Elevation and soil depth mainly controlled spatial distributions of ground ice isotopes. The results could provide a new insight into soil moisture movement and cycling during freeze-thaw process in the permafrost region of the QTP, which is helpful to understand subsurface water cycle mechanism in the context of permafrost degradation.

16.
Br J Haematol ; 187(2): 227-237, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31206607

RESUMO

The treatment of choice for patients with severe aplastic anaemia (SAA) includes immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) and ciclosporin A. However, the optimal dose for rabbit ATG has yet to be established. We herein report the first prospective, randomized, multicentre study comparing two doses of rabbit ATG in patients with SAA. Patients with SAA who required initial IST in Japan (n = 89), China (n = 85) and Korea (n = 48) were enrolled between May 2012 and October 2017. A 1:1 block randomization was employed for two doses of rabbit ATG. In total, 222 patients were randomized, with 112 patients receiving 2·5 mg/kg and 110 receiving 3·5 mg/kg of rabbit ATG for 5 days. The primary endpoint was the haematological response at day 180. After 6 months, no significant difference in response rates was observed between the 2·5 and 3·5 mg/kg groups (49% vs. 48%, P = 0·894). Overall survival at 3 years was similar between the two groups [85% (95% confidence interval [CI], 76%-91%) vs. 91% (95% CI, 82%-96%); P = 0·107]. The current study revealed no significant differences in the efficacy and safety between the 2·5 and 3·5 mg/kg doses of rabbit ATG in patients with SAA. Trial registration: UMIN000011134.

17.
Ultrastruct Pathol ; 43(2-3): 117-125, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137995

RESUMO

Hematopoietic microenvironments have been extensively studied, especially focusing on regulation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in HSC niche following progress of molecular biology in resent years. Based on prior morphological achievements from 1970s, the characteristics of cellular compartments and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were studied ultrastructurally in human and mice bone marrow in the present study. The samples, human bone marrow granules, were collected from bone marrow aspirations (BMAs) of 20 patients with hematocytopenia and isolated BMSCs were found undesignedly in nucleated cells of BMAs of the patients. Femoral bone marrow samples were collected from 6-week-old three sacrificed mice. Detailed images illustrated maturing hematopoietic cells harbored individually in honeycomb-like microenvironment constituted by BMSCs that shared of fibroblastic and histiocytic characteristics in hematopoietic microenvironments of human and mice bone marrow.

18.
Acta Haematol ; 142(3): 162-170, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091521

RESUMO

Aplastic anemia (AA) is a hematologic disease characterized by pancytopenia and hypocellular bone marrow, potentially leading to chronic anemia, hemorrhage, and infection. The China Aplastic Anemia Committee and British Committee for Standards in Haematology guidelines recommend hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) or immunosuppressive therapy (IST) comprising antithymocyte globulin (ATG) with cyclosporine (CsA) as initial treatment for AA patients. With limited epidemiological data on the clinical management of AA in Asia, a prospective cohort registry study involving 22 AA treatment centers in China was conducted to describe the disease characteristics of newly diagnosed AA patients and investigate real-world treatment patterns and patient outcomes. Of 340 AA patients, 72.9, 12.6, and 3.5% were receiving IST, traditional Chinese medicine, and HSCT, respectively, at baseline; only 22.2% of IST-treated patients received guideline-recommended ATG with CsA initially. Almost all patients received supportive care (95.6%) as blood transfusion (97.8%), antibiotics (63.7%), and/or hematopoietic growth factors (58.2%). Overall, 64.8% achieved a partial or complete response, and 0.9% experienced relapse. No new safety concerns were identified; serious adverse events were largely unrelated to the treatment regimen. These results demonstrate the need to identify and minimize treatment barriers to standardize and align AA management in China with treatment guideline recommendations and further improve patient outcomes.

19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(5): 405-410, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104652

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term clinical effect of CCLG-ALL2008 regimen in the treatment of children and adolescents, aged >10 years, with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 150 ALL children and adolescents aged >10 years who were treated with CCLG-ALL2008 regimen from April 2008 to April 2015. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate. RESULTS: Among the 150 children and adolescents, there were 87 (58.0%) boys and 63 (42.0%) girls, with a median age of 11 years (range 10-15 years). Of the 150 children and adolescents, 84 (56.0%) had intermediate risk and 66 (44.0%) had high risk; 122 (81.3%) had B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and 28 (18.7%) had T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). The fusion gene test yielded positive results in 51 children and adolescents (34.0%), among whom 16 (31%) had positive BCR-ABL, 11 (22%) had positive TEL-AML1, 8 (16%) had positive E2A-PBX1, and 16 (31%) were positive for other fusion genes. The complete remission rate was 96.0% (144/150) after one course of treatment with CCLG-ALL2008 regimen. The median follow-up time was 52 months (range 3-122 months). The 5-year OS rate was 79.0%±3.5%, and the 5-year EFS rate was 67.3%±4.1%. There were no significant differences in 5-year OS and EFS rates between the children with intermediate or high risk, as well as between the children with B-ALL or T-ALL (P>0.05). The children and adolescents who achieved complete remission of bone marrow at the end of induction therapy had significantly higher 5-year OS and EFS rates than those who did not achieve complete remission (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In ALL children and adolescents aged >10 years, CCLG-ALL2008 regimen can help to achieve high complete remission rate, 5-year OS rate and 5-year EFS rate. The children and adolescents failing to achieve complete remission at the end of induction therapy tend to have a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(5): 463-467, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104664

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) in children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 13 children with WAS. RESULTS: All 13 children were boys, with a median age of onset of 3 months (range 1-48 months) and a median age of 24 months (range 1-60 months) at the time of diagnosis. Of the 13 children, only 3 had typical WAS and the remaining 10 children had X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT). The mean WAS score was 2 (range 1-3), the mean platelet count was 20.5×109/L [range (13-46)×109/L], and the mean platelet volume was 8.1 fl (range 6.7-12.1 fl). Lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulins were measured for 4 children, among whom 1 (25%) had a reduction in both the percentage of CD3+T cells per lymphocyte and lymphocyte per nuclear cells, 1(25%) had a reduction in CD3-CD56+ NK cells. Among these 4 children, 1 (25%) had an increase in IgG, 2 (50%) had a reduction in IgM, 1 (25%) had a reduction in IgA, and 4 (100%) had an increase in IgE. A total of 14 gene mutations belonging to 13 types were found in 13 children, among which there were 9 missense mutations (65%), 2 splicing mutations (14%), 2 nonsense mutation (14%), and 1 frameshift mutation (7%). The median follow-up time was 39 months (range 3-62 months), and all 13 children survived. CONCLUSIONS: Children with WAS often have a young age of onset, and most of them are boys. Major clinical features include thrombocytopenia with a reduction in platelet volume. Missense mutation is the main type of gene mutation.


Assuntos
Trombocitopenia , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteína da Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich
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