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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193199

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the referral completion and explore the associated barriers to the referral after telescreening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) among people with vision-threatening DR (VTDR). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: All participants with VTDR after DR telescreening in the communities completed the self-reported questionnaires to assess referral completion and their perspectives on referral barriers. Sociodemographic characteristics and perceived barriers related to incomplete referrals were identified by conducting univariate analysis and multiple logistic regression model. The final model was then built to predict incomplete referral. RESULTS: Of the 3362 participants, 46.1% had incomplete referral. Old age and lower education level showed significant association with incomplete referral. Almost all participants had at least one barrier during the referral process. Knowledge-related and attitude-related barriers, including 'Too old to want any more treatment', 'Difficulty in getting time to referral', 'No serious illness requiring treatment at present', 'My eyes are okay', 'Distrust the recommended hospital' and 'Have not been diagnosed or treated before', and logistics-related barrier 'Mobility or transportation difficulties' showed significant association with incomplete referral. CONCLUSIONS: The issue of incomplete referral after DR telescreening is serious among individuals with VTDR, particularly in the elder and low education level population. The negativity of knowledge-related and attitude-related factors might be more prominent than logistic barriers in predicting incomplete referral. Therefore, new strategies to improve the compliance with referral assist in optimizing the referral accessibility, and the ongoing educational support to improve the awareness of disease and increase the effectiveness of physician-patient communication.

2.
Environ Entomol ; 2020 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198518

RESUMO

Scolytus schevyrewi Semenov (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) is native to China and Central Asia. Damage by the adults and larvae weakens local apricot trees (Armeniaca spp.), often causing death to many host trees. In previous studies, freshly cut apricot logs were found to be highly attractive to S. schevyrewi adults. To explore the possibility of trapping and monitoring this bark beetle, we evaluated the effect of the apricot tree volatiles on S. schevyrewi behavior. Volatiles from the apricot logs were collected by headspace sampling and subjected to coupled gas chromatography-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) analysis. Behavioral responses to EAD-active compounds were assessed using two-choice Y-tube olfactometers. The results showed that the antennae of females responded to 21 volatile compounds from apricot logs. Seventeen compounds were confirmed with authentic compounds. The Y-olfactometer bioassays showed that at a stimulation dose of 100 µg, four compounds [(1S)-(-)-α-pinene, (±)-limonene, (1S)-(+)-3-carene, and 1-hexanol], and some binary mixtures of the four compounds [(1S)-(-)-α-pinene plus (±)-limonene; (1S)-(-)-α-pinene plus (1S)-(+)-3-carene; (1S)-(-)-α-pinene plus camphene; (1S)-(-)-α-pinene plus (±)-limonene, (1S)-(+)-3-carene, and 1-hexanol] were significantly attractive to both sexes (except (±)-limonene and (1S)-(+)-3-carene for males), suggesting that these compounds may play a role in host tree selection by S. schevyrewi and should be evaluated as lures for population monitoring. In contrast, octanal, nonanal, decanal, linalool and N,N-diethylformamide appeared to repel S. schevyrewi adults in Y-tube at the concentration tested.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013011

RESUMO

Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogyne graminicola are root-knot nematodes (RKNs) infecting rice (Oryza sativa L.) roots and severely decreasing yield, whose mechanisms of action remain unclear. We investigated RKN invasion and development in rice roots through RNA-seq transcriptome analysis. The results showed that 952 and 647 genes were differently expressed after 6 (invasion stage) and 18 (development stage) days post inoculation, respectively. Gene annotation showed that the differentially expressed genes were classified into diverse metabolic and stress response categories. Furthermore, phytohormone, transcription factor, redox signaling, and defense response pathways were enriched upon RKN infection. RNA-seq validation using qRT-PCR confirmed that CBL-interacting protein kinase (CIPK) genes (CIPK5, 8, 9, 11, 14, 23, 24, and 31) as well as brassinosteroid (BR)-related genes (OsBAK1, OsBRI1, D2, and D11) were altered by RKN infection. Analysis of the CIPK9 mutant and overexpressor indicated that the RKN populations were smaller in cipk9 and larger in CIPK9 OX, while more galls were produced in CIPK9 OX plant roots than the in wild-type roots. Significantly fewer numbers of second-stage infective juveniles (J2s) were observed in the plants expressing the BR biosynthesis gene D2 mutant and the BR receptor BRI1 activation-tagged mutant (bri1-D), and fewer galls were observed in bri1-D roots than in wild-type roots. The roots of plants expressing the regulator of ethylene signaling ERS1 (ethylene response sensor 1) mutant contained higher numbers of J2s and developed more galls compared with wild-type roots, suggesting that these signals function in RKN invasion or development. Our findings broaden our understanding of rice responses to RKN invasion and provide useful information for further research on RKN defense mechanisms.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019153

RESUMO

Root-knot nematodes (RKNs) severely affect plants growth and productivity, and several commercial biocontrol bacteria can improve plants resistance to RKNs. Pseudomonas putida Sneb821 isolate was found to induce tomatoes resistance against Meloidogyne incognita. However, the molecular functions behind induced resistance remains unclear. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is considered to be a new component that regulates the molecular functions of plant immunity. We found lncRNA was involved in Sneb821-induced tomato resistance to M. incognita. Compared with tomato inoculated with M. incognita, high-throughput sequencing showed that 43 lncRNAs were upregulated, while 35 lncRNAs were downregulated in tomatoes previously inoculated with Sneb821. A regulation network of lncRNAs was constructed, and the results indicated that 12 lncRNAs were found to act as sponges of their corresponding miRNAs. By using qRT-PCR and the overexpression vector pBI121, we found the expression of lncRNA44664 correlated with miR396/GRFs (growth-regulating factors) and lncRNA48734 was correlated with miR156/SPL (squamosal promoter-binding protein-like) transcription factors. These observations provided a novel molecular model in biocontrol bacteria-induced tomato resistance to M. incognita.

5.
Mar Drugs ; 18(2)2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028626

RESUMO

Three new compounds, monarubins A-C (1, 6 and 13), together with ten known compounds, including four alkaloids (2-5), two isocoumarins (7 and 8) and four polyketides (9-12), were isolated from marine shellfish-associated fungus Monascus ruber BB5. The structures were determined on the basis of the 1D and 2D NMR, MS, UV and IR data. The absolute configurations of compounds 3, 6 and 13 were determined by ECD calculations. The NMR data of compounds deoxyhydroxyaspergillic acid (3) and 2-hydroxy-6-(1-hydroxy-1-methylpropyl)-3-sec-buthylpyrazine (4) were first reported. All of the isolated compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines CNE1, CNE2, SUNE1 and HONE1 and hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines QGY7701 and HepG2. Monarubin B (6) displayed potent cytotoxicities against the cancer cell lines HepG2 and QGY7701 with IC50 values of 1.72 and 0.71 µΜ, respectively; lunatinin (7) showed moderate cytotoxic activities against the cancer cell lines HepG2, QGY7701 and SUNE1 with the IC50 values of 9.60, 7.12 and 28.12 µΜ, respectively.

6.
J Hazard Mater ; 389: 122090, 2020 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972524

RESUMO

A new route for selective recovery of zinc from hazardous zinc plant purification residue was proposed by alkaline leaching process. The thermodynamic analysis revealed that by controlling solution pH in the range from 14.30 to 16.78 at 25 °C, basic zinc sulfate can be converted to ZnO22- instead of Zn(OH)2, while Cd will enter into alkaline leaching residue as a hydroxide. It is feasible to leach selectively Zn and to separate it with Cd by alkaline leaching, and the experimental results confirm that. Under the conditions of NaOH concentration of 3 mol/L, L/S of 20 ml/g, temperature of 40 °C, and time of 50 min, LR of Zn reached 96.14% while them of Pb and Cd were only 0.66% and 2.83% respectively. ZnO with hexagonal wurtzite structure and Cd(OH)2 were the main phases of leaching residue. They crystallized and adhered to the surface of leaching residue particles, which result in the loose and random particle morphology. The findings confirm that alkaline leaching is efficient in separation of Zn and Cd in ZPPR. In addition, nano-ZnO with flowerlike was synthesized with the zinc-rich leaching solution by precipitation method and the its photocatalytic property was similar to that of nano-ZnO purchased.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(2)2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936278

RESUMO

In plant immune responses, reactive oxygen species (ROS) act as signaling molecules that activate defense pathways against pathogens, especially following resistance (R) gene-mediated pathogen recognition. Glutathione (GSH), an antioxidant and redox regulator, participates in the removal of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). However, the mechanism of GSH-mediated H2O2 generation in soybeans (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) that are resistant to the soybean cyst nematode (SCN; Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) remains unclear. To elucidate this underlying relationship, the feeding of race 3 of H. glycines with resistant cultivars, Peking and PI88788, was compared with that on a susceptible soybean cultivar, Williams 82. After 5, 10, and 15 days of SCN infection, we quantified γ-glutamylcysteine (γ-EC) and (homo)glutathione ((h)GSH), and a gene expression analysis showed that GSH metabolism in resistant cultivars differed from that in susceptible soybean roots. ROS accumulation was examined both in resistant and susceptible roots upon SCN infection. The time of intense ROS generation was related to the differences of resistance mechanisms in Peking and PI88788. ROS accumulation that was caused by the (h)GSH depletion-arrested nematode development in susceptible Williams 82. These results suggest that (h)GSH metabolism in resistant soybeans plays a key role in the regulation of ROS-generated signals, leading to resistance against nematodes.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 189, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932708

RESUMO

Local ancestry, defined as the genetic ancestry at a genomic location of an admixed individual, is widely used as a genetic marker in genetic association and evolutionary genetics studies. Many methods have been developed to infer the local ancestries in a set of unrelated individuals, a few of them have been extended to small nuclear families, but none can be applied to large (e.g. three-generation) pedigrees. In this study, we developed a method, FamANC, that can improve the accuracy of local ancestry inference in large pedigrees by: (1) using an existing algorithm to infer local ancestries for all individuals in a family, assuming (contrary to fact) they are unrelated, and (2) improving its accuracy by correcting inference errors using pedigree structure. Applied on African-American pedigrees from the Cleveland Family Study, FamANC was able to correct all identified Mendelian errors and most of double crossovers.

9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 411, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964863

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid plaques and progressive cerebral atrophy. Here, we report FAM222A as a putative brain atrophy susceptibility gene. Our cross-phenotype association analysis of imaging genetics indicates a potential link between FAM222A and AD-related regional brain atrophy. The protein encoded by FAM222A is predominantly expressed in the CNS and is increased in brains of patients with AD and in an AD mouse model. It accumulates within amyloid deposits, physically interacts with amyloid-ß (Aß) via its N-terminal Aß binding domain, and facilitates Aß aggregation. Intracerebroventricular infusion or forced expression of this protein exacerbates neuroinflammation and cognitive dysfunction in an AD mouse model whereas ablation of this protein suppresses the formation of amyloid deposits, neuroinflammation and cognitive deficits in the AD mouse model. Our data support the pathological relevance of protein encoded by FAM222A in AD.

10.
Bone ; 133: 115247, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968281

RESUMO

Bone mineral density (BMD) is a key indicator for diagnosis and treatment for osteoporosis; the reduction of BMD could increase the risk of osteoporotic fracture. It was very recently found that Piezo1 mediated mechanically evoked responses in bone and further participated in bone formation in mice. Here, we performed cross phenotype meta-analysis for human BMD at lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN), distal radius/forearm (FA) and heel and screened out 14 top SNPs for PIEZO1, these SNPs were overlapped with putative enhancers, DNase-I hypersensitive sites and active promoter flanking regions. We found that the signal of the best SNP rs62048221 was mainly from heel ultrasound estimated BMD (-0.02 SD per T allele, P = 8.50E-09), where calcaneus supported most of the mechanical force of body when standing, walking and doing physical exercises. Each copy of the effect allele T of SNP rs62048221 was associated with a decrease of 0.0035 g/cm2 BMD (P = 4.6E-27, SE = 0.0003) in UK Biobank data within 477,760 samples. SNP rs62048221 was located at the enhancer region (HEDD enhancer ID 2331049) of gene PIEZO1, site-directed ChIP assays in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) showed significant enrichment of H3K4me1 and H3K27ac in this region, luciferase assays showed that rs62048221 could significantly affect the activity of the enhancer where it resides. Our results first suggested that SNP rs62048221 might mediate the PIEZO1 expression level via modulating the activity of cis-regulatory elements and then further affect the BMD.

11.
Hepatol Res ; 50(1): 110-120, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661588

RESUMO

AIM: Our previous transcriptome sequencing analysis detected that retinol dehydrogenase 16 (RDH16) was dramatically downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). RDH16 belongs to the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases super family, and its role in HCC remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the expression and function of RDH16 in HCC. METHODS: The mRNA and protein level of RDH16 in HCC samples were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry analyses, respectively. The role of RDH16 in HCC was determined by in vitro and in vivo functional studies. RESULTS: Downregulation of RDH16 has been detected in approximately 90% of primary HCCs, which was significantly associated with high serum alpha-fetoprotein level, tumor size, microsatellite formation, thrombus, and poor overall survival of HCC patients. Compared with non-tumor tissues, higher density of methylation was identified in HCC samples. In addition, RDH16 increases the level of retinoic acid and blocks the de novo synthesis of fatty acid in HCC cells. Functional study shows that ectopic expression of RDH16 in HCC cells suppresses cell growth, clonogenicity, and cell motility. CONCLUSIONS: RDH16 might be a prognostic biomarker and intervention point for new therapeutic strategies in HCC.

12.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 174, 2019 12 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play nonnegligible roles in the epigenetic regulation of cancer cells. This study aimed to identify a specific lncRNA that promotes the colorectal cancer (CRC) progression and could be a potential therapeutic target. METHODS: We screened highly expressed lncRNAs in human CRC samples compared with their matched adjacent normal tissues. The proteins that interact with LINRIS (Long Intergenic Noncoding RNA for IGF2BP2 Stability) were confirmed by RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays. The proliferation and metabolic alteration of CRC cells with LINRIS inhibited were tested in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: LINRIS was upregulated in CRC tissues from patients with poor overall survival (OS), and LINRIS inhibition led to the impaired CRC cell line growth. Moreover, knockdown of LINRIS resulted in a decreased level of insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 2 (IGF2BP2), a newly found N6-methyladenosine (m6A) 'reader'. LINRIS blocked K139 ubiquitination of IGF2BP2, maintaining its stability. This process prevented the degradation of IGF2BP2 through the autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP). Therefore, knockdown of LINRIS attenuated the downstream effects of IGF2BP2, especially MYC-mediated glycolysis in CRC cells. In addition, the transcription of LINRIS could be inhibited by GATA3 in CRC cells. In vivo experiments showed that the inhibition of LINRIS suppressed the proliferation of tumors in orthotopic models and in patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. CONCLUSION: LINRIS is an independent prognostic biomarker for CRC. The LINRIS-IGF2BP2-MYC axis promotes the progression of CRC and is a promising therapeutic target.

13.
Genes Dis ; 6(4): 407-418, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832521

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a B-cell malignancy with poor clinical outcome and undefined pathogenesis. Development of clinically relevant cellular models for MCL research is an urgent need. Our preliminary observations lead the development of two novel hypotheses that we tested in this study: 1. multicellular spheroid might be a unique growth mode of early-stage cells in MCL; 2. MCL might be a polyclonal tumor. We made the following original observations that have not been reported: First, we have provided a new experiment method for enriching MCL early-stage cells and characterized the spheroid mode of growth as a unique feature of early-stage MCL cells in cell line as well as in clinical samples. Second, we have established a clinically relevant cellular model of MCL, the JeKo-1-spheroid cell line, that was highly enriched in early-stage sub-clones. JeKo-1-spheroid cells and the spheroid growing cells enriched from MCL patients exhibited comparably enhanced tumorigenic abilities and similar biological features. Third, Immunophenotypic analysis has revealed that MCL may be derived from precursor-B(pre-B), immature-B and mature-B cells, not only the mature-B cells as WHO classified in 2016. Fourth, MCL may be a polyclonal disease composed of CD19-/IgM-, CD19-/IgM+, CD19+/IgM+ three sub-clones, of which the CD19-/IgM+ sub-clone might be the dominant sub-clone with the strongest tumorigenic ability. Fifth, CD19+/IgM- that differentiates MCL and normal B cells may represent a new marker for MCL early detection, minor residual disease monitoring after therapies and prognosis.

14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 1041, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection is one of the most pervasive sexually transmitted infections and has high prevalence in urogenital and extra-urogenital sites among men who have sex with men (MSM). This study investigated anatomical site-specific prevalence and genotypes of CT among MSM recruited from three geographic areas in China. METHODS: We collected urine specimens and anorectal, pharyngeal swab specimens from 379 MSM. CT infection was identified using polymerase chain reaction and CT genotyping was determined by sequences of the ompA gene. RESULTS: The results indicated that the overall prevalence of CT infection was 18.2% (95% confidence intervals [CIs], 13.9-22.5%) and significantly different between the cities (p = 0.048). The infection was most common at the anorectal site (15.6, 95%CIs 11.6-19.5%) followed by urethral (3.2, 95%CIs 1.4-5.0%) and oropharyngeal sites (1.6, 95%CIs 0.3-2.9%). Genotypes D and G were the most common CT strains in this population but genotype D was significantly predominated in Nanjing while genotype G was in Wuhan. No genotype related to lymphogranuloma venereum was found. CT infection was significantly related to the infection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 14.27, 95%CIs 6.02-33.83, p < 0.001) and age. Men older than 40 years old were less likely to have a CT infection as compared to men under 30 years old (aOR 0.37, 95% CIs 0.15-0.93, p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: The high CT infection prevalence, particularly in the anorectal site, among MSM suggests the necessity to development an integrated CT screening and treatment program specifically focusing on this high-risk population. Surveillance of CT infections should be improved by including both infection and genotype based surveys into the current surveillance programs in China.


Assuntos
Infecções por Chlamydia/diagnóstico , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Genótipo , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/genética , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/isolamento & purificação , Faringe/microbiologia , Prevalência , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(1)2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878041

RESUMO

In this work, a high sensitivity micro-thermal conductivity detector (µTCD) with four thermal conductivity cells was proposed. Compared with conventional TCD sensors, the thermal conductivity cell in this work was designed as a streamlined structure; the thermistors were supported by a strong cantilever beam and suspended in the center of the thermal conductivity cell, which was able to greatly reduce the dead volume of the thermal conductivity cell and the heat loss of the substrate, improving the detection sensitivity. The experimental results demonstrated that the µTCD shows good stability and high sensitivity, which could rapidly detect light gases with a detection limit of 10 ppm and a quantitative repeatability of less than 1.1%.

17.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(5): 1057-1068, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668705

RESUMO

Average arterial oxyhemoglobin saturation during sleep (AvSpO2S) is a clinically relevant measure of physiological stress associated with sleep-disordered breathing, and this measure predicts incident cardiovascular disease and mortality. Using high-depth whole-genome sequencing data from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) project and focusing on genes with linkage evidence on chromosome 8p23,1,2 we observed that six coding and 51 noncoding variants in a gene that encodes the GTPase-activating protein (DLC1) are significantly associated with AvSpO2S and replicated in independent subjects. The combined DLC1 association evidence of discovery and replication cohorts reaches genome-wide significance in European Americans (p = 7.9 × 10-7). A risk score for these variants, built on an independent dataset, explains 0.97% of the AvSpO2S variation and contributes to the linkage evidence. The 51 noncoding variants are enriched in regulatory features in a human lung fibroblast cell line and contribute to DLC1 expression variation. Mendelian randomization analysis using these variants indicates a significant causal effect of DLC1 expression in fibroblasts on AvSpO2S. Multiple sources of information, including genetic variants, gene expression, and methylation, consistently suggest that DLC1 is a gene associated with AvSpO2S.

18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(22)2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718001

RESUMO

Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) causes heavy losses to soybean yield. In order to investigate the roles of soybean miRNAs during the early stages of infection (1 and 5 dpi), 24 small RNA libraries were constructed from SCN resistant cultivar Huipizhi (HPZ) and the susceptible Williams 82 (W82) cultivar for high-throughput sequencing. By sequencing the small RNA libraries, a total of 634 known miRNAs were identified, and 252 novel miRNAs were predicted. Altogether, 14 known miRNAs belonging to 13 families, and 26 novel miRNAs were differentially expressed and may respond to SCN infection in HPZ and W82. Similar expression results were also confirmed by qRT-PCR. Further analysis of the biological processes that these potential target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs regulate found that they may be strongly related to plant-pathogen interactions. Overall, soybean miRNAs experience profound changes in early stages of SCN infection in both HPZ and W82. The findings of this study can provide insight into miRNAome changes in both HPZ and W82 at the early stages of infection, and may provide a stepping stone for future SCN management.

19.
Oncol Lett ; 18(5): 4639-4644, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611972

RESUMO

The abnormal growth of endothelial cells is involved in several types of diseases, including gastric cancer. The long non-coding RNA GATA6-AS is a key regulator of endothelial cell growth and may therefore also play an important role in gastric cancer. In the present study it was found that GATA6-AS was downregulated in tumor tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. Moreover, plasma levels of GATA6-AS were linearly associated with GATA6-AS expression levels in tumor tissues and not in normal tissues. MicroRNA (miR)-25-3p was upregulated in tumor tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues and was inversely associated with GATA6-AS in tumor tissues only. The overexpression of miR-25-3p in gastric cancer cells resulted in no significant changes in the expression levels of GATA6-AS, whereas overexpression of GATA6-AS led to significantly downregulated miR-25-3p levels. Furthermore, overexpression of GATA6-AS inhibited cancer cell proliferation, with no effect on migration and invasion. The overexpression of miR-25-3p resulted in increased proliferation of cancer cells and attenuated the effects of GATA6-AS overexpression. Thus, it is postulated that GATA6-AS inhibits proliferation of gastric cancer cells by downregulating miR-25-3p.

20.
World Wide Web ; 22(2): 673-688, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607788

RESUMO

The neuroimaging genetic study usually needs to deal with high dimensionality of both brain imaging data and genetic data, so that often resulting in the issue of curse of dimensionality. In this paper, we propose a group sparse reduced rank regression model to take the relations of both the phenotypes and the genotypes for the neuroimaging genetic study. Specifically, we propose designing a graph sparsity constraint as well as a reduced rank constraint to simultaneously conduct subspace learning and feature selection. The group sparsity constraint conducts feature selection to identify genotypes highly related to neuroimaging data, while the reduced rank constraint considers the relations among neuroimaging data to conduct subspace learning in the feature selection model. Furthermore, an alternative optimization algorithm is proposed to solve the resulting objective function and is proved to achieve fast convergence. Experimental results on the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) dataset showed that the proposed method has superiority on predicting the phenotype data by the genotype data, than the alternative methods under comparison.

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