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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Omalizumab has > 15 years of real-world evidence of effectiveness in Caucasian patients. In August 2017, it was approved as an add-on therapy for the management of moderate-to-severe asthma in China. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of omalizumab in Chinese and Caucasian patients. METHODS: This analysis included clinical trial data from a Chinese study (NCT01202903) and four studies with predominantly Caucasian patients (008, 009, EXTRA and INNOVATE). The following outcomes were analyzed: change from baseline in morning peak expiratory flow (mPEF), percentage predicted forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), patient-reported outcomes (PROs), asthma exacerbation and safety. Further, a population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) was also assessed. RESULTS: In the Chinese study, omalizumab significantly improved the mPEF from baseline vs placebo at Weeks > 4-8 through > 16-20; however, the change in mPEF did not reach statistical significance at Week 24. A similar trend towards improvement in mPEF was observed in the studies with Caucasians (INNOVATE, 008 and 009). In all studies, omalizumab showed greater improvement in %predicted FEV1, AQLQ score, and GETE score vs placebo. In addition, asthma symptom scores and seasonal exacerbations were lower, especially during winter, in the Chinese study, and was comparable to studies in Caucasians. PK/PD analyses showed that steady-state PK of omalizumab; free or total immunoglobulin E levels were similar in all studies. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical efficacy and safety of omalizumab was comparable among Chinese and Caucasian patients with moderate-to-severe asthma supporting therapeutic effectiveness, irrespective of race, ethnicity and geographical factors.

2.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233493

RESUMO

The wavelength-tunable interlayer exciton (IE) from layered semiconductor materials has not been achieved. van der Waals heterobilayers constructed using single-layer transition metal dichalcogenides can produce continuously changed interlayer band gaps, which is a feasible approach to achieve tunable IEs. In this work, we design a series of van der Waals heterostructures composed of a WSe2 layer with a fixed band gap and another WS2(1-x)Se2x alloy layer with continuously changed band gaps. The existence of IEs and tunable interlayer band gaps in these heterobilayers is verified by steady-state photoluminescence experiments. By tuning the composition of the WS2(1-x)Se2x alloy layers, we realized a very wide tunable band gap range of 1.97-1.40 eV with a wavelength-tunable IE emission range of 1.52-1.40 eV from the heterobilayers. The time-resolved photoluminescence experiments show the IE emission lifetimes over nanoseconds.

3.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 83(4): 350-356, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) and the severity of diabetic nephropathy (DN) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A total of 2961 patients were enrolled in the present cross-sectional study. The severity of DN was determined by 24-hour urinary albumin excretion (UAE), which was classified as normal (UAE <30 mg/24 h), microalbuminuria (UAE: 30-299 mg/24 h), and macroalbuminuria (≥300 mg/24 h). The severity of DR was determined by non-mydriatic retinal photography and was classified as non-diabetic retinopathy (NDR), non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), and proliferative DR (PDR). RESULTS: Patients with high SUA levels (≥420 µmol/L for males and ≥360 µmol/L for females) had a significantly higher prevalence of DN (UAE ≥30 mg/24 h, 39.3% vs 26.3%; p < 0.001), higher UAE levels (140 ± 297 vs 63 ± 175 mg/24 h; p < 0.001), and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; 79.3 ± 26.8 vs 96.8 ± 19.6 mL/min/1.73 m; p < 0.001), when compared with patients with normal SUA levels. However, the prevalence of DR, NPDR, or PDR did not differ. Furthermore, the concentration of SUA was higher in patients with higher severity of DN (all, p < 0.001) and patients with PDR (compared with NDR or NPDR, p < 0.05). SUA levels were positively associated with male gender, body mass index, the use of diuretics, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein, and UAE levels, whereas they were negatively correlated with high-density lipoprotein, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and eGFR. After adjustment, SUA remained significantly associated with UAE (r = 0.069, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: For patients with T2DM, higher SUA levels are associated with higher UAE, lower eGFR, and higher prevalence of DN, but not DR.

4.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; : 20190488, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the distribution of the independent parameters of PET and MR in tumour differentiation and staging and to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the independent parameters and combined model of PET/MR in the tumour differentiation of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: The patients with the preliminary diagnosis of HNSCC were included and underwent the integrated PET/MR The parameters included the diffusion-weighted imaging, dynamic contrast enhancement and PET. The correlations between different parameters and the distribution in groups of tumour differentiation and staging were analysed. The combined model was established with complementary PET/MR parameters. The diagnostic efficiency of the independent parameters and combined model in the tumour differentiation were analysed by receiver operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: The correlations between the parameters of dynamic contrast enhancement and PET were most significant. There were significant differences between the well-differentiated group and the moderately/poorly differentiated group in terms of the mean values of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and standardised uptake value (SUV) (p < 0.05). The distributions among different tumour stage groups were not statistically different in all the parameters. The diagnostic efficiency of tumour differentiation increased in the order of Kepmean, SUVmean, ADCmean, and the combined model. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the independent parameter, the combination of multiple parameters with PET/MR can further improve the diagnostic performance of tumour differentiation in HNSCC.

5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 1321-1333, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32161461

RESUMO

Introduction: Currently, the unsatisfactory treatment of cardiac hypertrophy is due to the unbridled myocardial fibrosis. Melatonin has been demonstrated to ameliorate cardiac hypertrophy and its accompanied fibrosis in previous studies. But it is not clinically appealing due to its short-lasting time against the hostile microenvironment when administered orally. Methods: Herein, to address this, poly (lactide) polycarboxybetaine (PLGA-COOH) accompanied by cardiac homing peptide (CHP) and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) were used to establish a novel drug delivery and transportation strategy for melatonin via a facile two-step emulsion method. This study characterized these nanoparticles (CHP-mel@SPIONs) and tested their delivery to the hypertrophied heart and their effect on myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis in an animal model of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Results: The engineered magnetic nanoparticles of CHP-mel@SPIONs were spherical (diameter = 221 ± 13 nm) and had a negative zeta potential of -19.18 ± 3.27 mV. The CHP-mel@SPIONs displayed excellent drug encapsulation capacities of SPIONs (75.27 ± 3.1%) and melatonin (77.69 ± 6.04%) separately, and their magnetic properties were characterized by constructing magnetic hysteresis curves and exhibited no remnant magnetization or coercivity. The animal experiments showed that compared with mel@SPIONs, CHP-mel@SPIONs accumulated more in the heart, especially in the presence of an external magnetic field, with in vivo echocardiography and RT-PCR and histological assessments confirming the amelioration of the myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis with low drug doses. Conclusion: This simple biocompatible dual-targeting nanoagent may be a potential candidate for the guided clinical therapy of heart disease.

6.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134674

RESUMO

Layered two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides (2D-TMDs) are promising building blocks for ultracompact optoelectronic applications. Recently, a strong second harmonic generation (SHG) was observed in spiral stacked TMD nanostructures which was explained by its low crystal symmetry. However, the relationship between the efficiency of SHG signals and the electronic band structure remains unclear. Here, we show that the SHG signal in spiral WS2 nanostructures is strongly enhanced (∼100 fold increase) not only when the second harmonic signal is in resonance with the exciton states but also when the excitation energy is slightly above the electronic band gap, which we attribute to a large interband Berry connection associated with certain optical transitions in spiral WS2. The giant SHG enhancement observed and explained in this study could promote the understanding and utility of TMDs as highly efficient nonlinear optical materials and potentially lead to a new pathway to fabricate more efficient optical energy conversion devices.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e1808319, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159904

RESUMO

Van der Waals layered semiconductor materials own unique physical properties and have attracted intense interest in developing high-performance electronic and photonic devices. Among them, black phosphorus (BP) is distinct for its layer number-tuned direct band gap which spans from near- to mid-infrared (MIR) waveband. In addition, the puckered honey comb crystal lattice endows the material with highly linear-polarized emission and marked anisotropy in carrier transportation. These unique material properties render BP as an intriguing and promising building block for constructing mid-infrared-ranged coherent light sources. Here, a room temperature surface-emitting MIR laser based on single crystalline BP nanosheets coupled with a distributed Bragg reflector cavity is reported. MIR stimulated emission at 3611 nm is achieved with a near-unity linear polarization, which exhibits robust thermal stability up to 360 K. Most importantly, the lasing wavelength can be tuned from 3425 to 4068 nm by varying the cavity length via thickness control of BP layer. The demonstrated highly polarized lasing output and wavelength-tunable capacity of the proposed device scheme in MIR spectral range opens up promising opportunities for a broad array of applications in polarization-resolved IR imaging, range-finding, and free space quantum communications.

8.
Acad Radiol ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005557

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of simultaneous multislice (SMS)-accelerated, readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (rs-EPI, RESOLVE) with the use of special-purpose coils for head and neck assessment, particularly in patients diagnosed with head and neck malignant tumors, through comparison with the conventional RESOLVE and RESOLVE with readout partial-Fourier technique (RESOLVE-RPF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five healthy volunteers and 24 patients with histologically proven malignant head and neck tumors were included in this prospective study. The MR exam included conventional RESOLVE, RESOLVE-RPF, prototypic SMS-RESOLVE, and prototypic SMS-RESOLVE with special-purpose coils (SMS-RESOLVE + Coils), acquired at b-values of both 0 and 800 s/mm2. Image quality was evaluated qualitatively (reader score) and quantitatively (tumor distortion, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), SNR efficiency) and compared. For volunteer imaging, the image quality of target tissues at three different typical levels (oropharyngeal, hypopharyngeal, and thyroid level) were evaluated. For patient imaging, the image quality of primary tumors and metastatic lymph nodes was evaluated. RESULTS: The acquisition time was 3:37 minutes for RESOLVE, 2:58 minutes for RESOLVE-RFP, 2:01 minutes for SMS-RESOLVE and 2:01 minutes for SMS-RESOLVE + Coils, with a 44% reduction compared to the conventional RESOLVE. No significant differences in the reader scores, tumor distortion, or ADC values of the lesions were found among the protocols. The SNR and CNR at the oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal level of SMS-RESOLVE + Coils were markedly improved and significantly higher than those of RESOLVE, as well as the SNR, SNR efficiency of tumors and lymph nodes. No significant differences in quantitative measurements were found at the thyroid level. CONCLUSION: SMS-RESOLVE + Coils protocol is an effective and promising approach to optimally reducing the total acquisition time, and could be a good alternative with a superior SNR and SNR efficiency in comparison with conventional RESOLVE. However, the limited application in the lower neck region needs further investigation.

9.
Biomed Eng Online ; 19(1): 9, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050989

RESUMO

The organ-on-a-chip (OOAC) is in the list of top 10 emerging technologies and refers to a physiological organ biomimetic system built on a microfluidic chip. Through a combination of cell biology, engineering, and biomaterial technology, the microenvironment of the chip simulates that of the organ in terms of tissue interfaces and mechanical stimulation. This reflects the structural and functional characteristics of human tissue and can predict response to an array of stimuli including drug responses and environmental effects. OOAC has broad applications in precision medicine and biological defense strategies. Here, we introduce the concepts of OOAC and review its application to the construction of physiological models, drug development, and toxicology from the perspective of different organs. We further discuss existing challenges and provide future perspectives for its application.

10.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052962

RESUMO

Nanoscale laser sources with downscaled device footprint, high energy efficiency, and high operation speed are pivotal for a wide array of optoelectronic and nanophotonic applications ranging from on-chip interconnects, nanospectroscopy, and sensing to optical communication. The capability of on-demand lasing output with reversible and continuous wavelength tunability over a broad spectral range enables key functionalities in wavelength-division multiplexing and finely controlled light-matter interaction, which remains an important subject under intense research. In this study, we demonstrate an electrically controlled wavelength-tunable laser based on a CdS nanoribbon (NR) structure. Typical "S"-shaped characteristics of pump power dependence were observed for dominant lasing lines, with concomitant line width narrowing. By applying an increased bias voltage across the NR device, the lasing resonance exhibits a continuous tuning from 510 to 520 nm for a bias field in the range 0-15.4 kV/cm. Systematic bias-dependent absorption and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) measurements were performed, revealing a red-shifted band edge of gain medium and prolonged PL lifetime with increased electric field over the device. Both current-induced thermal reduction of the band gap and the Franz-Keldysh effect were identified to account for the modification of the lasing profile, with the former factor playing the leading role. Furthermore, dynamical switching of NR lasing was successfully demonstrated, yielding a modulation ratio up to ∼21 dB. The electrically tuned wavelength-reversible CdS NR laser in this work, therefore, presents an important step toward color-selective coherent emitters for future chip-based nanophotonic and optoelectronic circuitry.

11.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(6): 657-669, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32103874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment outcome of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) varies greatly due to the clinical heterogeneity of the patients. Therefore, several prognostic systems have been proposed for risk stratification and candidate identification for first TACE and repeated TACE (re-TACE). AIM: To investigate the correlations between prognostic systems and radiological response, compare the predictive abilities, and integrate them in sequence for outcome prediction. METHODS: This nationwide multicenter retrospective cohort consisted of 1107 unresectable HCC patients in 15 Chinese tertiary hospitals from January 2010 to May 2016. The Hepatoma Arterial-embolization Prognostic (HAP) score system and its modified versions (mHAP, mHAP2 and mHAP3), as well as the six-and-twelve criteria were compared in terms of their correlations with radiological response and overall survival (OS) prediction for first TACE. The same analyses were conducted in 912 patients receiving re-TACE to evaluate the ART (assessment for re-treatment with TACE) and ABCR (alpha-fetoprotein, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer, Child-Pugh and Response) systems for post re-TACE survival (PRTS). RESULTS: All the prognostic systems were correlated with radiological response achieved by first TACE, and the six-and-twelve criteria exhibited the highest correlation (Spearman R = 0.39, P = 0.026) and consistency (Kappa = 0.14, P = 0.019), with optimal performance by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.71 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.68-0.74]. With regard to the prediction of OS, the mHAP3 system identified patients with a favorable outcome with the highest concordance (C)-index of 0.60 (95%CI: 0.57-0.62) and the best area under the receiver operating characteristic curve at any time point during follow-up; whereas, PRTS was well-predicted by the ABCR system with a C-index of 0.61 (95%CI: 0.59-0.63), rather than ART. Finally, combining the mHAP3 and ABCR systems identified candidates suitable for TACE with an improved median PRTS of 36.6 mo, compared with non-candidates with a median PRTS of 20.0 mo (log-rank test P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Radiological response to TACE is closely associated with tumor burden, but superior prognostic prediction could be achieved with the combination of mHAP3 and ABCR in patients with unresectable liver-confined HCC.

12.
Cardiology ; : 1-9, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess left ventricular (LV) energy loss (EL), circulation and vortex area using vector flow mapping (VFM) in patients with latent obstructive hyper-trophic cardiomyopathy (LOHCM) and nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (NOHCM). METHODS: Fourteen LOHCM patients, 10 NOHCM patients, and 11 healthy individuals were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography. An offline VFM workstation was used to analyze the LV blood flow patterns and fluid dynamics. The hemodynamic parameters, EL, circulation, and vortex area in 7 cardiac phases were calculated and analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with controls and NOHCM patients, EL was significantly higher in -LOHCM patients during the rapid ejection phase, slow ejection (SE) phase, and isovolumetric relaxation phase (p < 0.05). LOHCM patients also showed increased circulation during SE compared to the other two groups (p < 0.05). The ability to discriminate between NOHCM and LOHCM was assessed by the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC), and EL during SE was found to have the largest AUC (0.964); the best cutoff value was 6.34 J/m3/s, with a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 80%. CONCLUSIONS: The VFM technique can detect abnormal changes of LV EL and vortex characteristics in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients. Compared with controls and NOHCM patients, the LOHCM patients have worse systolic and diastolic functions.

13.
Bioresour Technol ; 303: 122940, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044649

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate algal growth, lipid production, and nutrient removal in chicken farm flushing wastewater (CFFW). The excessive ammonia nitrogen (EAN) content in the CFFW wastewater represented a major factor limiting the algal growth. A strategy of mixing CFFW with municipal wastewater (MW) that contained less ammonia nitrogen was adopted. The results showed that the mixed wastewaters reduced ammonia nitrogen content, balanced nutrient profile, and promoted biomass production. The residual nutrients in mixed wastewaters were significantly reduced due to the algal absorption. Furthermore, alga grown on mixed wastewaters accumulated a higher level of total lipids and monounsaturated fatty acids that can be used for biodiesel production. The key issue of low biomass yield of algal grown on CFFW due to the inhibition of EAN was efficiently resolved by mitigating limiting factor to algal growth basing on mixing strategy, and accordingly the nutrients in the wastewater were significantly removed.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Microalgas , Amônia , Animais , Biocombustíveis , Biomassa , Galinhas , Fazendas , Lipídeos , Nitrogênio , Nutrientes , Fósforo , Águas Residuárias
14.
Mol Oncol ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919993

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), a histological subclass of non-small-cell lung cancer, is globally the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as cancer regulators. Zinc finger protein multitype 2 antisense RNA 1 (ZFPM2-AS1) is an oncogene in gastric cancer, but its functions have not been investigated in LUAD. We showed that ZFPM2-AS1 expression is high in LUAD samples based on GEPIA database (http://gepia.cancer-pku.cn/) and validated ZFPM2-AS1 upregulation in LUAD cell lines. Functionally, ZFPM2-AS1 facilitated proliferation, invasion, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of LUAD cells. Thereafter, we found that ZFPM2 was negatively regulated by ZFPM2-AS1, and identified the suppressive effect of ZFPM2 regulation by ZFPM2-AS1 on LUAD progression. Mechanistically, we showed that ZFPM2-AS1 interacted with up-frameshift 1 (UPF1) to regulate mRNA decay of ZFPM2. Rescue assays in vitro and in vivo confirmed that ZFPM2-AS1 regulated LUAD progression and tumor growth through ZFPM2. Taken together, our findings demonstrate a role for the ZFPM2-AS1-UPF1-ZFPM2 axis in LUAD progression, suggesting ZFPM2-AS1 as a new potential target for LUAD treatment.

15.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(3): 425-429, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982318

RESUMO

Six pigs underwent implantation of a portal vein infusion port by transjugular access. The technical success rate was 100% (n = 6), with no surgical complications or deaths. At 1 month after implantation, the catheter tip had moved from the splenic vein to the main portal vein, while the catheter protruded into the right ventricle through the right atrium in all cases. Hence, the infusion port system has not been used in clinical practice due to its obvious displacement after implantation. However, this study provides a new idea for future exploration of portal vein infusion pathways.

16.
Microb Pathog ; 138: 103816, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655218

RESUMO

Duckling short beak and dwarfism syndrome virus (SBDSV), a newly identified goose parvovirus, causes devastating disease in domestic waterfowl and considerable economic losses to Chinese waterfowl industry. The molecular pathogenesis of SBDSV infection, nature and dynamics of host immune responses against SBDSV infection remained elusive. In this study, we systematically explored the relative mRNA expression profiles of major innate immune-related genes in SBDSV infected duck embryo fibroblasts. We found that SBDSV infection effectively activated host innate immune responses and resulted in significant up-regulation of IFN-ß and several vital IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs). These up-regulation responses were mainly attributed to viral genomic DNA and dsRNA replication intermediates. Importantly, the expression of cGAS was significantly induced, whereas the expression of other DNA receptors including DDX41, STING, ZBP1, LSM14A and LRRFIP1 have no significant change. Furthermore, SBDSV infection also activates the up-regulation of TLR3 and inhibited the expression of TLR2 and TLR4; however, no effect was observed on the expression of TLR1, TLR5, TLR7, TLR15 and TLR21. Intriguingly, SBDSV infection significantly up-regulated the expression of RNA sensors such as MDA5 and LGP2, and resulted in a delayed but significant up-regulation of RIG-I gene. Taken together, these data indicate that host multiple sensors including DNA sensor (cGAS) and RNA sensors (TLR3, MDA5 and LGP2) are involved in recognizing a variety of different pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) including viral genomic ssDNA and dsRNA replication intermediates, which trigger an effective antiviral innate immune response.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(2): 2884-2891, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872755

RESUMO

Low-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites have demonstrated to be promising semiconductor materials due to their unique optoelectronic properties, however, the controllable growth of high-quality ultrathin 2D perovskites with large lateral dimension still faces great challenges. Herein, we report the controllable growth of large-scale ultrathin 2D (C6H5(CH2)3NH3)3Pb2I7 ((PPA)3Pb2I7) perovskite nanosheets (NSs) using a facile antisolvent-assisted crystallization approach under mild condition. As a result, the well-defined regular-shaped (PPA)3Pb2I7 NSs, with the largest lateral size over 100 µm, have been successfully synthesized, which is more than several ten times larger than that of other 2D perovskite NSs previously reported. Moreover, the thickness of the achieved 2D perovskite NSs can be well-tuned by altering the concentration of the precursor solution, with the smallest thickness down to ∼4.7 nm. More importantly, the photodetectors based on the high-quality (PPA)3Pb2I7 perovskites exhibit fascinating performance, including an extremely low dark current (∼1.5 pA), fast response/recovery rate (∼850/780 µs), and high detectivity (∼1.2 × 1010 Jones). This work provides a simple and promising strategy to controllably grow large-scale and ultrathin 2D perovskite NSs for low-cost and high-performance optoelectronic devices.

18.
Clin Lab ; 65(11)2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although some recent studies have shown that small nucleolar RNA host gene 6 (SNHG6) was associated with clinical outcomes in malignant tumors, the results remain insufficient and inconsistent. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to clarify whether SNHG6 can serve as a prognostic biomarker in cancer. METHODS: We conducted a detailed search of the following online databases for all eligible studies: PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase. A meta-analysis was performed using Stata 12.0 software. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset was further utilized to verify the results. RESULTS: Compared to corresponding normal tissues, SNHG6 expression was significantly up-regulated in most types of solid tumors. A total of 1,535 patients from eighteen studies were included in this study to investigate the correlation of SNHG6 with overall survival and clinicopathological parameters by pooled hazard ratio (HR) and odds ratio (OR) in cancer. Our results manifested that altered SNHG6 expression was markedly related with worse overall survival (HR = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.56 - 2.19, p = 0.000) among tumor patients. Levels of SNHG6 were closely associated with tumor size (OR = 1.95, 95% CI: 1.18 - 3.20, p = 0.009), tumor invasion (OR = 3.22, 95% CI: 2.08 - 4.98, p = 0.000), lymph node metastasis (OR = 2.62, 95% CI: 1.36 - 5.04, p = 0.004), distant metastasis (OR = 5.01 95% CI: 3.11 - 8.09, p = 0.000), and tumor stage (OR = 2.97 95% CI: 2.31 - 3.82, p = 0.000), but not related to histological differentiation (OR = 1.40, 95% CI: 0.77 - 2.52, p = 0.27) in cancer. CONCLUSIONS: High expression level of SNHG6 was correlated with more advanced clinicopathological features and poor prognosis and might be a potential molecular marker for cancer prognosis.

19.
ACS Nano ; 13(11): 13573-13580, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697469

RESUMO

Semiconducting p-n heterojunctions, serving as the basic unit of modern electronic devices, such as photodetectors, solar-energy conversion devices, and light-emitting diodes (LEDs), have been extensively investigated in recent years. In this work, high performance self-powered broad-band photodetectors were fabricated based on vertically stacked p-n heterojunctions though combining p-type WSe2 with n-type Bi2Te3 via van der Waals (vdW) epitaxial growth. Devices based on the p-n heterojunction show obvious current rectification behaviors in the dark and superior photovoltaic characteristics under light irradiation. A maximum short circuit current of 18 nA and open circuit voltage of 0.25 V can be achieved with the illumination light of 633 nm (power density: 26.4 mW/cm2), which are among the highest values compared with the ever reported 2D vdW heterojunctions synthesized by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. Benefiting from the broad-band absorption of the heterostructures, the detection range can be expanded from the visible to near-infrared (375-1550 nm). Moreover, ascribing to the efficient carriers separation process at the junction interfaces, the devices can be further employed as self-powered photodetectors, where a fast response time (∼210 µs) and high responsivity (20.5 A/W at 633 nm and 27 mA/W at 1550 nm) are obtained under zero bias voltage. The WSe2/Bi2Te3 p-n heterojunction-based self-powered photodetectors with high photoresponsivity, fast photoresponse time, and broad spectral response will find potential applications in high speed and self-sufficient broad-band devices.

20.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 177, 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a critical role in the development and progression of cancers. The advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) is thought to be able to reflect systemic inflammation better than current biomarkers. However, the prognostic significance of the ALI in various types of cancer remains unclear. Our meta-analysis aimed to comprehensively investigate the relationship between the ALI and oncologic outcomes to help physicians better assess the prognosis of cancer patients. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang databases were searched for relevant studies. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated and pooled from the included studies. Furthermore, a sensitivity analysis was performed to evaluate the reliability of the articles. Finally, Begg's test, Egger's test, and the funnel plot were applied to assess the significance of publication bias. RESULTS: In total, 1736 patients from nine studies were included in our meta-analysis. The median cutoff value for the ALI was 23.2 (range, 15.5-37.66) in the analyzed studies. The meta-analysis showed that there was a statistically significant relationship between a low ALI and worse overall survival (OS) in various types of cancer (HR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.41-1.99, P < 0.001). Moreover, results from subgroup meta-analysis showed that the ALI had a significant prognostic value in non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, colorectal cancer, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, and diffuse large B cell lymphoma (P < 0.05 for all). CONCLUSIONS: These results showed that a low ALI was associated with poor OS in various types of cancer, and the ALI could act as an effective prognostic biomarker in cancer patients.

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