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1.
FASEB J ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052888

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play key roles in various biological processes. However, the roles of lncRNAs in macrophage polarization remain largely unexplored. In this study, thousands of lncRNAs were identified that are differentially expressed in distinct polarized bone marrow-derived macrophages. Among them, Dnmt3aos (DNA methyltransferase 3A, opposite strand), as a known lncRNA, locates on the antisense strand of Dnmt3a. Functional experiments further confirmed that Dnmt3aos were highly expressed in M(IL-4) macrophages and participated in the regulation of Dnmt3a expression, and played a key role in macrophage polarization. The DNA methylation profiles between the Dnmt3aos knockdown group and the control group in M(IL-4) macrophages were determined by MeDIP-seq technique for the first time, and the Dnmt3aos-Dnmt3a axis-mediated DNA methylation modification-regulated macrophage polarization- related gene IFN-γ was identified. Our study will help to enrich our knowledge of the mechanism of macrophage polarization.

2.
Dev Biol ; 458(1): 88-97, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669335

RESUMO

Atrioventricular valve development requires endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) that induces cushion endocardial cells to give rise to mesenchymal cells crucial to valve formation. In the adult endothelium, deletion of the docking protein FRS2α induces EndMT by activating TGFß signaling in a miRNA let-7-dependent manner. To study the role of endothelial FRS2α during embryonic development, we generated mice with an inducible endothelial-specific deletion of Frs2α (FRS2αiECKO). Analysis of the FRS2αiECKO embryos uncovered a combination of impaired EndMT in AV cushions and defective maturation of AV valves leading to development of thickened, abnormal valves when Frs2α was deleted early (E7.5) in development. At the same time, no AV valve developmental abnormalities were observed after late (E10.5) deletion. These observations identify FRS2α as a pivotal controller of cell fate transition during both EndMT and post-EndMT valvulogenesis.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782042

RESUMO

Novel biochar was prepared by ball milling using bamboo as raw material. The aim of this study was to find a good alternative way to improve the potentials of biochar for ammonium adsorption from aqueous solution. The sorption performance of ball-milled bamboo biochar (BMBB) was compared with that of bamboo biochar (BB) using batch adsorption experiments. Different adsorption kinetics models proved that the pseudo-second order was the best kinetic model for explanation of the adsorption kinetics characteristics, indicative of the energetically heterogeneous solid surface of the biochar. The Langmuir model could fit the isothermal adsorption data of BMBB well. The maximum adsorption capacity of BMBB (22.9 mg g-1) was much higher than that of BB (7.0 mg g-1). This study offers a relatively cost-effective and efficient methodology for the improvement in the adsorption capacity of biochar for ammonium nitrogen.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681739

RESUMO

Background: Mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive tumor. Bone metastasis often occurs in the later stages of this disease along with poor quality of life. Thus, it is important to explore the tumorigenesis and bone metastasis mechanism of invasive mesothelioma. For this purpose, we established two nomograms based on tumor-infiltrating immune cells and ceRNA networks to describe the molecular immunity and the clinical prediction of mesothelioma patients with bone metastasis. Method: The expression profiles of mRNAs, lncRNAs, and miRNAs of 87 primary mesotheliomas were obtained from the TCGA database; there were four patients with bone metastasis and 83 patients without. We constructed a ceRNAs network based on the differentially expressed RNAs between mesothelioma and bone metastasis. CIBERSORT was used to distinguish 22 immune cell types from the tumor transcriptomes. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the Cox proportional hazards model were used to evaluate the prognostic value of each factor. Prognosis-associated immune cells and ceRNAs were applied to establish prediction nomograms. The receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) and calibration curves were utilized to assess the discrimination and accuracy of the nomogram. Results: Differential analysis revealed that 20 lncRNAs, 15 miRNAs, and 230 mRNAs were significantly different in mesothelioma samples vs. bone metastasis samples. We constructed the ceRNA network to include 10 protein-coding mRNAs, 8 lncRNAs, and 10 miRNAs. Nine of 28 ceRNAs were found to be significant in the Kaplan-Meier analysis. Out of the 22 cell types, the fraction of dendritic cells resting (P = 0.018) was significantly different between the bone metastasis group and the non-bone metastasis group. The ROC and the calibration curves, based on ceRNA networks and tumor-infiltrating immune cells, respectively, suggested acceptable accuracy (AUC of 3-year survival: 0.827, AUC of 5-year survival: 0.840; AUC of 3-year survival: 0.730; AUC of 5-year survival: 0.753). Notably, based on the co-expression patterns between ceRNAs and Immune cells, we found that the hsa-miR-582-5p, CASP9, dendritic cells resting, ANIX2, T cells CD8, and T cells CD4 memory resting might be associated with the mesothelioma bone metastasis. Conclusion: Based on ceRNA networks and patterns of immune infiltration, our study provided a valid bioinformatics basis in order to explore the molecular mechanism and predict the possibility of mesothelioma bone metastasis.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681747

RESUMO

Background: Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) is the malignancy originated from the renal epithelium, with a high rate of distant metastasis. Aberrant alternative splicing (AS) of pre-mRNA are widely reported to be involved in the tumorigenesis and metastasis of multiple cancers. The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of alternative splicing events (ASEs) underlying tumorigenesis and metastasis of KIRC. Methods: RNA-seq of 537 KIRC samples downloaded from the TCGA database and ASEs data from the TCGASpliceSeq database were used to identify ASEs in patients with KIRC. The univariate and Lasso regression analysis were used to screen the most significant overall survival-related ASEs (OS-SEs). Based on those, the OS-SEs model was proposed. The interaction network of OS-SEs and splicing factors (SFs) with absolute value of correlation coefficient value >0.750 was constructed by Pearson correlation analysis. The OS-SEs significantly related to distant metastasis and clinical stage were identified by non-parametric test, and those were also integrated into co-expression analysis with prognosis-related Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways identified by Gene Set Variation Analysis (GSVA). ASEs with significance were selected for multiple online database validation. Results: A total of prognostic 6,081 overall survival-related ASEs (OS-SEs) were identified by univariate Cox regression analysis and a prediction model was constructed based on 5 OS-SEs screened by Lasso regression with the Area Under Curve of 0.788. Its risk score was also illustrated to be an independent predictor, which the good reliability of the model. Among 390 identified candidate SFs, DExD-Box Helicase 39B (DDX39B) was significantly correlated with OS and metastasis. After external database validation, Retained Intron of Ras Homolog Family Member T2 (RHOT2) and T-Cell Immune Regulator 1 (TCIRG1) were identified. In the co-expression analysis, overlapped co-expression signal pathways for RHOT2 and TCIRG1 were sphingolipid metabolism and N-glycan biosynthesis. Conclusions: Based on the results of comprehensive bioinformatic analysis, we proposed that aberrant DDX39B regulated RHOT2-32938-RI and TCIRG1-17288-RI might be associated with the tumorigenesis, metastasis, and poor prognosis of KIRC via sphingolipid metabolism or N-glycan biosynthesis pathway.

6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(22): 10116-10143, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739284

RESUMO

Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is one of the most challenging tumors for medical oncologists, with a high rate of recurrence after initial resection. In this study, a recurrent STS-specific competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network including seven recurrence and overall survival (OS)-associated genes (LPP-AS2, MUC1, GAB2, hsa-let-7i-5p, hsa-let-7f-5p, hsa-miR-101-3p and hsa-miR-1226-3p) was established based on the gene expression profiling of 259 primary sarcomas and 3 local recurrence samples from the TCGA database. The algorithm "cell type identification by estimating relative subsets of RNA transcripts (CIBERSORT)" was applied to estimate the fraction of immune cells in sarcomas. Based on 5 recurrence and OS-associated immune cells (NK cells activated, dendritic cells resting, mast cells resting, mast cells activated and macrophages M1), we constructed a recurrent STS-specific immune cells network. Both nomograms were identified to have good reliabilities (Area Under Curve (AUC) of 5-year survival is 0.724 and 0.773, respectively). Then the co-expression analysis was performed to identify the potential regulation network among recurrent STS-specific immune cells and ceRNAs. Hsa-miR-1226-3p and MUC1 were significantly correlated and dendritic cells resting was related to hsa-miR-1226-3p. Additionally, the expression of MUC1 and dendritic cell marker CD11c were also verified by immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay and multidimensional databases. In conclusion, this study illustrated the potential mechanism of hsa-miR-1226-3p regulating MUC1 and dendritic cells resting might play an important role in STS recurrence. These findings might provide potential prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for recurrent STS.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine on cerebral oxygen saturation [Sct(O2)] and postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing minimally invasive coronary artery bypass graft surgery. METHODS: Sixty elderly patients who received minimally invasive coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomly equally divided into dexmedetomidine group (group D) and control group (group N). The patients in group D were pumped with 1 µg/kg dexmedetomidine for 15 min before incision, followed by continuous pumping at 0.3-0.5 µg/(kg·h) till the end of the operation. The patients in group N received same dose of normal saline during the operation. Sct(O2) was monitored at pre-induction (T0), post-induction (T1), 30 min (T2) after single-lung ventilation, and after surgery (T3). Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) was used to assess the cognitive function at 1 day before, 72 hour and 7 days after surgery. RESULTS: Sct(O2) level in group D was significantly higher than that in group N at T2 (P < 0.05). Sct(O2) level was statistically lower at T2 than that at T0, T1 and T3 in the same group N (P < 0.05). At 72 h and 7d after operation, the incidence of cognitive dysfunction in group D was markedly lower than that in group N (P < 0.05), the MMSE score in group D was markedly higher than those in group N, but was significantly lower than that before surgery (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Dexmedetomidine can alleviate the decrease of Sct(O2) during single-lung ventilation, improve postoperative cognitive function, and reduce the incidence of POCD in elderly patients with minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(42): 16858-16864, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601104

RESUMO

Malaria control is under threat by the development of vector resistance to pyrethroids in long-lasting insecticidal nets, which has prompted calls for a return to the notorious crystalline contact insecticide DDT. A faster acting difluoro congener, DFDT, was developed in Germany during World War II, but in 1945 Allied inspectors dismissed its superior performance and reduced toxicity to mammals. It vanished from public health considerations. Herein, we report the discovery of amorphous and crystalline forms of DFDT and a mono-fluorinated chiral congener, MFDT. These solid forms were evaluated against Drosophila as well as Anopheles and Aedes mosquitoes, the former identified as disease vectors for malaria and the latter for Zika, yellow fever, dengue, and chikungunya. Contact insecticides are transmitted to the insect when its feet contact the solid surface of the insecticide, resulting in absorption of the active agent. Crystalline DFDT and MFDT were much faster killers than DDT, and their amorphous forms were even faster. The speed of action (a.k.a. knockdown time), which is critical to mitigating vector resistance, depends inversely on the thermodynamic stability of the solid form. Furthermore, one enantiomer of the chiral MFDT exhibits faster knockdown speeds than the other, demonstrating chiral discrimination during the uptake of the insecticide or when binding at the sodium channel, the presumed destination of the neurotoxin. These observations demonstrate an unambiguous link between thermodynamic stability and knockdown time for important disease vectors, suggesting that manipulation of the solid-state chemistry of contact insecticides, demonstrated here for DFDT and MFDT, is a viable strategy for mitigating insect-borne diseases, with an accompanying benefit of reducing environmental impact.

9.
Front Genet ; 10: 828, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608101

RESUMO

Background/Aims: As a malignant and melanocytic tumor, cutaneous melanoma is the devastating skin tumor with high rates of recurrence and metastasis. Bone is the common metastatic location, and bone metastasis may result in pathologic fracture, neurologic damage, and severe bone pain. Although metastatic melanoma was reported to get benefits from immunotherapy, molecular mechanisms and immune microenviroment underlying the melanoma bone metastasis and prognostic factors are still unknown. Methods: Gene expression profiling of 112 samples, including 104 primary melanomas and 8 bone metastatic melanomas from The Cancer Genome Atlas database, was assayed to construct a ceRNA network associated with bone metastases. Besides, we detected the fraction of 22 immune cell types in melanoma via the algorithm of "cell type identification by estimating relative subsets of RNA transcripts (CIBERSORT)." Based on the significant ceRNAs or immune cells, we constructed nomograms to predict the prognosis of patients with melanoma. Ultimately, correlation analysis was implemented to discover the relationship between the significant ceRNA and immune cells to reveal the potential signaling pathways. Results: We constructed a ceRNA network based on the interaction among 8 pairs of long noncoding RNA-microRNA and 15 pairs of microRNA-mRNA. CIBERSORT and ceRNA integration analysis discovered that AL118506.1 has both significant prognostic value (P = 0.002) and high correlation with T follicular helper cells (P = 0.033). Meanwhile, T cells CD8 and macrophages M2 were negatively correlated (P < 0.001). Moreover, we constructed two satisfactory nomograms (area under curve of 3-year survival: 0.899; 5-year survival: 0.885; and concordance index: 0.780) with significant ceRNAs or immune cells, to predict the prognosis of patients. Conclusions: In this study, we suggest that bone metastasis in melanoma might be related to AL118506.1 and its role in regulating thrombospondin 2 and T follicular helper cells. Two nomograms were constructed to predict the prognosis of patients with melanoma and demonstrated their value in improving the personalized management.

10.
Cell Res ; 29(11): 895-910, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501519

RESUMO

The response of endothelial cells to signaling stimulation is critical for vascular morphogenesis, homeostasis and function. Vascular endothelial growth factor-a (VEGFA) has been commonly recognized as a pro-angiogenic factor in vertebrate developmental, physiological and pathological conditions for decades. Here we report a novel finding that genetic ablation of CDP-diacylglycerol synthetase-2 (CDS2), a metabolic enzyme that controls phosphoinositide recycling, switches the output of VEGFA signaling from promoting angiogenesis to unexpectedly inducing vessel regression. Live imaging analysis uncovered the presence of reverse migration of the angiogenic endothelium in cds2 mutant zebrafish upon VEGFA stimulation, and endothelium regression also occurred in postnatal retina and implanted tumor models in mice. In tumor models, CDS2 deficiency enhanced the level of tumor-secreted VEGFA, which in-turn trapped tumors into a VEGFA-induced vessel regression situation, leading to suppression of tumor growth. Mechanistically, VEGFA stimulation reduced phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate (PIP2) availability in the absence of CDS2-controlled-phosphoinositide metabolism, subsequently causing phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-triphosphate (PIP3) deficiency and FOXO1 activation to trigger regression of CDS2-null endothelium. Thus, our data indicate that the effect of VEGFA on vasculature is context-dependent and can be converted from angiogenesis to vascular regression.

11.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 90(7): 076107, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370505

RESUMO

A beam-profile monitor has been constructed based on a two-dimensional cross-connected-pixels anode and a 128-channel picoammeter system. It can provide the total beam current, as well as the current projections in the x- and y-directions with a spatial resolution of ∼1 mm. It is suitable for diagnosis of low-energy charged-particle beams ranging from subpicoamperes to nanoamperes, e.g., the ion beams extracted from an electron beam ion source.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16638, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348317

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is rare. It is considered to be aggressive and has a poor prognosis since the diagnosis is usually made at its advanced stage. However, the survival rate is increased in some early gastric NECs. This study showed a case and reviewed the clinical characteristics of early NECs in stomach. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 38-year-old man displayed no symptoms and underwent the gastric endoscopy test for his health examination, which showed a red slightly depressed lesion 1.0 cm in size on the lesser curvature of gastric cardia. Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (NBI) revealed a clear demarcation and an irregular mesh in vessels within the depressed area. The background mucosa was negative for atrophic gastritis and Helicobacter Pylori infection. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan disclosed no obvious thickening of stomach and lymphadenopathy. Blood tests and physical examination were unremarkable. He had not received any surgical treatment and denied a family history of cancer and any genetic disorders. The pathologic result of biopsy from the lesion was suspicious of superficial carcinoma. Then endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed. DIAGNOSIS: Gastric NEC G3 in the early stage (T1aN0M0). INTERVENTIONS: Concerning this patient's situation, we considered the ESD as a curable treatment. And no radical surgery or adjuvant chemotherapy was arranged. OUTCOMES: The patient is doing well and displays no recurrence for 11 months, who is still in follow-up. LESSONS SUBSECTIONS AS PER STYLE: The early diagnosis and effective treatment by endoscopy would contribute to improve the prognosis of gastric NECs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/patologia , Gastroscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/cirurgia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Humanos , Masculino , Imagem de Banda Estreita , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
13.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(11): 19098-19106, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265170

RESUMO

Thymosin ß-4 (Tß4) is a ubiquitous protein, which has been suggested to regulate multiple cell signal pathways and a variety of cellular functions. However, the role Tß4 plays in the cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) under myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury is currently unknown. Here we investigated the effects of Tß4 on hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) induced CMECs injury and its potential molecular mechanism. Cultured CMECs were positively identified by flow cytometry using antibody against CD31 and VWF/Factor VIII, which are constitutively expressed on the surface of CMECs. Then the reduced level of Tß4 was detected in H/R-CMECs by a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. To determine the effects of Tß4 on H/R-CMECs, we transfected the overexpression or silence vector of Tß4 into CMECs under H/R condition. Our results indicated that H/R treatment could reduce proliferation, increased apoptosis, adhesion, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in CMECs, which were attenuated by Tß4 overexpression or aggravated by Tß4 silencing, implying Tß4 is able to promote CMECs against H/R-induced cell injury. Furthermore, the microRNA-200a (miR-200a) level was also increased by Tß4 in H/R-CMECs or reduced by Tß4 small interfering RNA. To investigated the mechanism of protective effects of Tß4 on CMECs injury, the miR-200a inhibitor was transfected into H/R-CMECs. The results indicated that inhibition of miR-200a inversed the protection of Tß4 on H/R-CMECs, specifically including cell proliferation, cell adhesion, cell apoptosis, and ROS production, as well as nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) nuclear translocation. In conclusion, our results determined that Tß4 attenuated H/R-induced CMECs injury by miR-200a-Nrf2 signaling.

14.
Clin Rehabil ; 33(9): 1479-1491, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081365

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate a novel pictorial-based Longshi Scale for evaluating a patient's disability by healthcare professionals and non-professionals. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Rehabilitation departments from a grade A, class 3 public hospital, a grade B, class 2 public hospital, and a private hospital and seven community rehabilitation centers. SUBJECTS: A total of 618 patients and 251 patients with functional disabilities were recruited in a two-phase study, respectively. MAIN MEASURES: Outcome measure: pictorial scale of activities of daily living (ADLs, Longshi Scale). Reference measure: Barthel Index. The Spearman correlation coefficient was used to analyze the validity of Longshi Scale against Barthel Index. RESULTS: In phase 1 study, from March 2016 to August 2016, the results demonstrated that the Longshi Scale was both reliable and valid (intraclass correlation coefficient based on two-way random effect (ICC2,1) = 0.877-0.974 for intra-rater reliability; ICC2,1 = 0.928-0.979; κ = 0.679-1.000 for inter-rater reliability; intraclass correlation coefficient based on one-way random effect (ICC1,1) = 0.921-0.984 for test-retest reliability and Spearman correlation coefficient = 0.836-0.899). In the second phase, in March 2018, results further demonstrated that the Longshi Scale had good inter-rater and intra-rater reliability among healthcare professionals and non-professionals including therapists, interns, and personal care aids (ICC1,1 = 0.822-0.882 on Day 1; ICC1,1 = 0.842-0.899 on Day 7 for inter-rater reliability). In addition, the Longshi Scale decreased assessment time significantly, compared with the Barthel Index assessment (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The Longshi Scale could potentially provide an efficient way for healthcare professionals and non-professionals who may have minimal training to assess the ADLs of functionally disabled patients.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , China , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Langmuir ; 35(24): 7641-7649, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117722

RESUMO

Understanding the interaction of particles with foams is important in antifoaming applications and dust suppression. In the former, the aim is for the particles to break the foam, whereas in the latter it is desirable that the stability of the foam is maintained or enhanced. The interaction of particles of different wettabilities with thin surfactant films is investigated with a Sheludko cell, enabling the thinning and rupture of the films to be studied in the presence and absence of a particle, using white-light interferometry. The films were prepared from the surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and a commercial dust suppression foaming agent. The film lifetimes are extended upon the addition of hydrophilic particles and reduced upon the addition of hydrophobic particles with advancing contact angles >90°. The Laplace pressure in the film surrounding a particle is calculated as a function of the contact angle and particle size, revealing that the meniscus surrounding hydrophilic particles has a positive Laplace pressure, which increases the lifetime of the film.

16.
J Neurooncol ; 143(3): 495-503, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is extremely rare in soft tissue sarcoma, with a high rate of recurrence and metastasis. Due to its rarity, the epidemiological features and prognostic factors are still uncertain. Moreover, nomograms for patients with MPNST have not been constructed and validated until now. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with MPNST between 1973 and 2014 were selected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Survival analysis, machine learning and Lasso regression were used to identify the prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS). Significant prognostic factors were integrated to construct nomograms and then the nomograms were validated externally with a separate cohort from our own institution. RESULTS: A total of 689 patients were included in the training set and 42 patients in the validation set. Multivariate analysis suggested that age, histology, historic stage and chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors for OS and primary site, surgery, historic stage and chemotherapy for CSS. The nomograms based on multivariate models were developed and validated for predicting 3- and 5-year OS and CSS, with a C-index of 0.686 and 0.707, respectively. In the external validation set, the C-index was 0.700 for OS and 0.722 for CSS. CONCLUSION: ICD-O-3 histology, historic stage and chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors for OS and primary site, surgery, historic stage and chemotherapy for CSS. The constructed nomograms could provide individual prediction for MPNST patients and assist oncologists in making accurate survival evaluation.


Assuntos
Neurofibrossarcoma/mortalidade , Neurofibrossarcoma/patologia , Nomogramas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurofibrossarcoma/epidemiologia , Neurofibrossarcoma/terapia , Prognóstico , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Chem Phys ; 150(14): 144311, 2019 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30981265

RESUMO

The fragmentation of two isomers of C3H4, propyne (CH3CCH) and allene (CH2CCH2), is investigated by 50 keV/u Ne8+ impact. Obvious isomer effects are observed by comparing the time-of-flight spectra generated from the two isomers. Six two-body fragmentation channels of C3H4 2+ dications are identified for each isomer. CH2 + + C2H2 + is found to be the most favored CC bond breaking channel for both isomers, indicating that CH3CCH2+ intends to rearrange to the structure containing the CH2 group before fragmentation. For CH bond breaking channels, it is found that the CH3CCH which contains a CH3 group is more efficient for H2 + and H3 + ejection. In addition, two-body dissociation channels of C3H4 3+ trications are identified. While the H+ + C3H3 2+ channel is observed in the fragmentation of both isomers, the H2 + + C3H2 2+ channel only occurs in the fragmentation of CH3CCH3+. For CH2CCH2 3+, the peak and shoulder structures in the kinetic energy release spectrum of the H+ + C3H3 2+ channel are attributed to different geometries of the C3H3 2+ product.

18.
Neuroreport ; 30(4): 280-287, 2019 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30676544

RESUMO

This study investigated the neuroprotective effects of (Z)-7,4'-dimethoxy-6-hydroxy-aurone-4-O-ß-glucopyranoside (DHG) against hydrogen peroxide-induced cell damage in PC12 cells and further evaluated its effects on doxorubicin-induced anxiety-like behavior in rats. PC12 cells were treated with different concentrations of DHG (1-10 µM) for 24 h and then exposed to 0.2 mM hydrogen peroxide for 12 h. Cell viability was measured using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium-bromide and lactate dehydrogenase assay. The apoptosis was detected by annexin V-PI staining. Oxidative stress was confirmed in PC12 cells by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, real-time PCR, and western blot. The anxiolytic effects of DHG were evaluated in the elevated plus maze test. Our results showed that DHG treatment significantly increased cell viability and decreased PC12 cell apoptosis induced by hydrogen peroxide by increasing the mitochondrial membrane potential, decreasing the cytochrome c release, inhibiting the activities of caspase-3 and caspase-9, and regulating the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. Moreover, DHG treatment effectively attenuated the redox imbalance in PC12 cells by enhancing the activity of superoxide dismutase and increasing the level of glutathione, as well as decreasing levels of malondialdehyde and intracellular reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, DHG treatment significantly mitigated the doxorubicin-induced adverse behavioral changes in rats. These results indicate the neuroprotective and antiapoptotic properties of DHG exerted by counteracting the oxidative stress and highlight DHG as a potential therapeutic regimen for behavior impairment of anxiety.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Penicillium/química , Animais , Ansiolíticos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células PC12 , Ratos
19.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(4): 6605-6613, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30484891

RESUMO

Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of the myocardium. MicroRNA-203 (miR-203) is involved in various physiological and pathological processes. In this work, we aimed to explore the roles and potential mechanisms of miR-203 in myocarditis in vitro. Cardiomyocyte H9c2 was subjected to 10 µg/mL lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 24 hours. Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that LPS upregulated miR-203 expression in H9c2 cells. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assays demonstrated that inhibition of miR-203 reduced cell injury induced by LPS. The cell apoptosis rate, caspase 3 activity, caspase 3/7 activities, and the expression of cleaved-caspase 3 (c-caspase 3) were declined upon miR-203 depletion. In addition, miR-203 silencing attenuated the expression and production of inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin [IL]-6, and IL-8). On the contrary, overexpression of miR-203 showed the opposite trend in cell apoptosis and inflammation. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-203 could bind with the nuclear factor interleukin-3 (NFIL3) 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTR), and miR-203 regulated the expression of NFIL3 negatively. Moreover, NFIL3 silencing partly abolished the myocardial protective functions of miR-203 inhibitor. Herein, we suggest that miR-203 promoted cell apoptosis and inflammation induced by LPS via targeting NFIL3.

20.
Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 31(2): e13493, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30334342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a functional disorder with chronic and relapsing clinical features. Vasopressin (VP) is a hormone responsible for water and stress homeostasis and also regulates gastrointestinal inflammation and motility. We explored whether VP was related to IBD pathogenesis and its possible pathway. METHODS: Colitis was induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS) in mice. The disease activity and colonic damage were evaluated through a scoring system. Locations of the V1a receptor were revealed by immunochemistry method in colon. Ussing chamber technique was performed for the electrophysiological characterization by using rat ileum. The (Arg8 )-Vasopressin (AVP)-evoked short-circuit current (Isc) was recorded in the presence of conivaptan (V1a and V2 receptor antagonist), tolvaptan (V1b receptor antagonist), tetrodotoxin (TTX), atropine, cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors (indomethacin, nonspecific COX antagonist; SC560, COX-1 antagonist; NS560, COX-2 antagonist), and a stabilizer of mast cell (cromolyn sodium), respectively. KEY RESULTS: TNBS resulted in the obvious loss of body weight and tissue damages in mice. AVP significantly aggravated the TNBS-induced colitis, which was attenuated by conivaptan but not tolvaptan. V1a receptors were found immunopositive in neurons among the enteric nervous system. AVP evoked a pulsatile response in Isc. Its amplitude, frequency, and cycle duration were around 8-15 µA/cm2 , 10-11 mHz, and 1.5 minutes, respectively. Notably, the AVP-evoked change in Isc was abolished by TTX, atropine, conivaptan, indomethacin, NS560, and cromolyn sodium, respectively. CONCLUSIONS AND INFERENCES: VP-V1a receptor played the proinflammatory role in TNBS-induced colitis by promoting COX-2-dependent prostaglandin release from mucosal mast cells, which was mediated by the cholinergic pathway.


Assuntos
Colite/fisiopatologia , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Receptores de Vasopressinas/metabolismo , Vasopressinas/metabolismo , Animais , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Sistema Nervoso Entérico/metabolismo , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/metabolismo , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/fisiopatologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Neurônios/metabolismo , Prostaglandinas/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Ácido Trinitrobenzenossulfônico/toxicidade
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