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1.
Nanoscale ; 13(19): 9018-9030, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978034

RESUMO

Black phosphorus (BP) nanomaterials have shown great potential in versatile applications including biomedicine and potentially interact with vessel walls following intravenous injection in biomedical usage or environmental exposure. However, it remains unknown whether the exposure to BP nanomaterials induces alterations of the endothelium and further vascular injury. Herein, the endothelial function of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the structure and transcriptome of C57BL/6 mouse aortas are evaluated after the exposure to BP quantum dots (BPQDs) and nanosheets (BPNSs). BPNSs with irregular shapes and larger lateral size are more prone to inhibit in vitro angiogenesis at non-cytotoxic concentrations and markedly trigger platelet adhesion to HUVECs compared to BPQDs. Decreased nitric oxide (NO) production resulting from endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) dysregulation is involved in the BP-induced endothelial dysfunction. Both BPQDs and BPNSs at 0.8 and 6.4 µg mL-1 inhibit eNOS enzymatic activity through dephosphorylation of eNOS-Ser1177 and phosphorylation of eNOS-Thr495, but unlike BPQDs, BPNSs also downregulate eNOS expression. Despite no pathological damage in the structure of mouse aortas, BPQDs and BPNSs trigger aberration of aortic transcriptome involved in vasoconstriction abnormality, metabolic disturbance, and immune perturbation. This study demonstrates the adverse effect of BP nanomaterials on vasculature, and suggests that the morphological attribute of BP plays a crucial role in the vascular risks.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Pontos Quânticos , Animais , Aorta/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Óxido Nítrico , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , Transcriptoma
2.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 176: 108790, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812900

RESUMO

AIMS: The pathophysiological alteration of diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) in brain is unclear. Here we aimed to explore the metabolomic characteristics of brain in rats over the progression of DNP through metabolomic analysis. METHODS: Adult rats were randomly divided into control group and DNP group. Body weight, blood glucose and behavioral assessment of neuropathic pain were measured every week after streptozotocin (STZ) injection. Finally, the brains of 2 rats from control group and 6 rats from DNP group were removed every 4 weeks after STZ injection for metabolomics analysis. RESULTS: After 4 weeks of STZ-injection, the rats with diabetes developed DNP, which was characterized as mechanical allodynia and thermal nociception. As for metabolomic analysis, differentially expressed metabolites (DE metabolites) showed a dynamic alteration over the development of DNP and affected several KEGG pathways associated with amino acid metabolism. Furthermore, the expression of l-Threonine, l-Methionine, d-Proline, l-Lysine and N-Acetyl-l-alanine were significantly decreased at all time points of DNP group. The amino acids which were precursor of analgesic neurotransmitters were downregulated over the progression of DNP, including l-tryptophan, l-histidine and l-tyrosine. CONCLUSIONS: The impairment of amino acid metabolism in brain might contribute to the progression of DNP through decreasing analgesic neurotransmitters.

3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 347-350, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical and genetic features of three patient diagnosed with Kleefstra syndrome. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the probands and their parents. Suspected variants were validated by Sanger sequencing. Copy number variations (CNV) were detected by CNV-seq and validated by real-time PCR. RESULTS: Proband 1 was found to carry a de novo heterogeneous variant (c.823+1G>T) of the EHMT1 gene, which may affect its expression. Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2). Proband 2 was found to carry a de novo missense variant c.439C>G (p.L147V) of the EHMT1 gene, which was predicted to be likely pathogenic (PS2+PM1+PM2+PP3). Proband 3 was found to carry a heterozygous 520 kb deletion at 9q34.3 by CNV-seq. The deletion has encompassed the whole of the EHMT1 gene. Real-time PCR has detected no CNV of this region in her parents. CONCLUSION: Variants of the EHMT1 gene probably underlay the disease in these patients. Genetic testing has provided a basis for their clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Deficiência Intelectual , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 9 , Anormalidades Craniofaciais , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Mutação
4.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 19(1): 35, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is a prevalent symptom among women with abnormal uterine bleeding caused by endometrial disorder (AUB-E) seeking gynecologic care, the primary endometrial disorder remains poorly understood. METHODS: Five human endometrial samples from women with AUB-E and the age-matched healthy women were selected, respectively. Proteins from the samples were analyzed by a linear ion trap (LTQ)-Orbitrap Elite mass spectrometer based label-free proteomic approach. The purpose protein was validated by western blot and immunohistochemistry staining. RESULTS: A total of 2353 protein groups were quantified under highly stringent criteria with a false discovery rate of < 1% for protein groups, and 291 differentially expressed proteins were significantly changed between the two groups. The results showed that the down-regulation of structural maintenance of chromosomes protein 1A (SMC1A) in AUB-E patients. Next, this change in the glandular epithelial cells was validated by immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSION: The results indicated a novel mechanism for the cause of AUB-E, as down-expression SMC1A potentially regulated the cell cycle progression in endometrial glandular epithelium further led to bleeding.

5.
Aquat Toxicol ; 231: 105721, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373863

RESUMO

Previous studies illustrated that gibel carp F strain displays better lipid mobilization and antioxidant ability and compared to the A strain. We therefore hypothesized that the F strain would exhibit superior defense to cadmium exposure. Comparative studies were conducted between A and F strains using plasma stress biomarkers, histological observations, and analysis of hepatic molecular events to examine exposure to waterborne Cd (11.9 mg L-1) for 48 h and 96 h. Waterborne Cd exposure stimulated stress response and hepatic metallothionein mRNA induction in both gibel carp strains confirming exposure. Antioxidant responses were stimulated to counteract Cd toxicity, suggested by the upregulation of mRNA levels of genes associated with nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (nrf2) signaling. Cd exposure induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, meanwhile, branches of genes in unfolded protein response (UPR) were activated. Slight time-dependent effects were implied by greater ER stress, UPR, and apoptosis signals with the duration of Cd exposure. Genotype-specific effects were identified, revealing that the F strain showed greater stress at 96 h exposure and higher antioxidant response compared to the A strain, as indicated by the mRNA levels of genes in nrf2 signaling. ER stress and UPR were also stronger in the F strain after Cd exposure. In contrast, the A strain showed higher autophagy and apoptosis response compared to the F strain. Collectively, combined autophagy and apoptosis were triggered under ER stress, which might serve as defense strategies in both gibel carp strains. The F strain showed greater antioxidant detoxification response and UPR to mitigate Cd toxicity, whereas excessive ER stress contributed to higher autophagy and apoptosis in the A strain. The present study uncovered the differential regulation and defense strategies in fish strains exposed to metal exposure.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Cádmio/toxicidade , Carpas/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/genética , Autofagia/genética , Biomarcadores/sangue , Carpas/genética , Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Retículo Endoplasmático/ultraestrutura , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Metalotioneína/genética , Metalotioneína/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Resposta a Proteínas não Dobradas/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 578777, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33329387

RESUMO

Normally, fish will decrease food intake or even stop feeding during the winter. In previous studies, two widely cultured gibel carp strains (strain A and strain F) showed differences in lipid and glucose metabolism. Therefore, we hypothesized that the physiological changes during the overwintering period would be different between the two strains. Thus, the two strains were starved for 77 days, after which the levels of glucose and lipid metabolism, ER stress, autophagy, and apoptosis were determined. The starvation increased hepatic glycogenolysis and fatty acid ß-oxidation but suppressed lipogenesis in both strains overwintering. Considering the effects of genotype, strain F had higher levels of ER stress and autophagy but lower levels of apoptosis than strain A, suggesting that strain F might be more resistant to overwintering starvation. The interactions between strains and starvation periods were observed in plasma triglyceride contents and the mRNA levels of pyruvate kinase (pk), sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (srebp1), activating transcription factor 4 (atf4), and autophagy protein 12 (atg12). In conclusion, long-term starvation during winter could induce hepatic glycogenolysis and fatty acid ß-oxidation but suppress lipogenesis, ER stress, autophagy, and apoptosis in gibel carp, and strain F may be more resistant to starvation during winter. Taken together, these results discovered the responses to prolonged starvation stress during winter in two strains of gibel carp and could provide information for genotype selection, especially for selecting strains better adapted to winter.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Carpas/fisiologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Glucose/metabolismo , Lipogênese , Estações do Ano , Inanição , Animais , Apoptose , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
7.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 8(5): 343-348, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33163188

RESUMO

The Denonvilliers' fascia (DVF) plays an important role in rectal surgery because of its anatomic position and its relationship to the surrounding organs. It affects the surgical plane anterior to the rectum in the procedure of total mesorectal excision (TME). Anatomical and embryological studies have helped us to understand this structure to some extent, but many controversies remain. In terms of its embryonical origin, there are three mainstream hypotheses: peritoneal fusion of the embryonic cul-de-sac, condensation of embryonic mesenchyme, and mechanical pressure. Regarding its architecture, the DVF may be a single, two, or multiple layers, or a composite single-layer structure. In women, most authors deem that this structure does exist but they are willing to call it the rectovaginal septum rather than the DVF. Operating behind the DVF is supported by most surgeons. This article will review those mainstream studies and opinions on the DVF and combine them with what we have observed during surgery to discuss those controversies and consensuses mentioned above. We hope this review may help young colorectal surgeons to have a better understanding of the DVF and provide a platform from which to guide future scientific research.

8.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057161

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by low expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2), estrogen receptor (ER), and progesterone receptor (PR), which is the most aggressive subtype with poor outcome among breast cancers. The underlying mechanisms of TNBC remain unclear and there is a lack of biomarkers. In this study we conducted an in silico assay and found that FOXC1 was highly expressed in ER-/PR-/HER2- breast cancers, which was confirmed by qRT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot analysis. FOXC1 was more highly expressed in TNBCs than the other breast cancers. Kaplan-Meier plotter revealed that expression of FOXC1 was associated with overall survival (OS) of patients with breast cancers. Expression of FOXC1 was reversely associated with level of H3K27me3, which was methylated by EZH2. In MCF-7 and T47D cells, inhibition of EZH2 by DZNeP or GSK343 concentration- and time-dependently increased expression of FOXC1. Finally, we demonstrated that the expression of FOXC1 was associated with resistance of doxorubicin treatment of breast cancer cells. In conclusion, these results suggest that FOXC1 may be a potential biomarker or drug target for TNBCs, and that downregulation of FOXC1 could have therapeutic value in treatment of TNBCs.

9.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-15, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921323

RESUMO

Previous nutritional studies have shown that insulin regulation is different between DT and A strains of gibel carp. As leptin plays a pivotal role in the effects of insulin, we hypothesised that leptin regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism would differ between the two strains. To test our hypothesis, recombinant human leptin was injected into two strains. The results showed that leptin activated the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (AKT), AMP-activated protein kinase-acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase and Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signalling pathways in both strains. Hypoglycaemia induced by leptin might be due to higher glucose uptake by the liver and muscles together with enhanced glycolytic potential and reduced gluconeogenic potential. Decreased lipogenesis and up-regulated fatty acid oxidation were induced by leptin. In terms of genotype, the PI3K-AKT signalling pathway was more strongly activated by leptin in the muscle tissue of the A strain, as reflected by the heightened phosphorylation of AKT. Furthermore, glycogen content, glycolytic enzyme activity and gluconeogenic capability were higher in the A strain than the DT strain. Strain A had higher levels of fatty acid synthesis and lipolytic capacity in the liver than the DT strain, but the opposite was true in white muscle. Regarding leptin-genotype interactions, the DT strain displayed stronger regulation of glucose metabolism in the liver by leptin as compared with the A strain. Moreover, a more active JAK2-STAT signalling pathway accompanied by enhanced inhibition of fatty acid synthesis by leptin was observed in the DT strain. Overall, the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism by leptin differed between the two strains, as expected.

10.
ACS Nano ; 14(9): 11846-11859, 2020 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880428

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsive nanoparticles (NPs), so-called "smart" NPs, possess great potentials in drug delivery. Presently, the intelligence of smart NPs is mainly based on their chemical or physical changes to stimuli, which are usually "mechanical" and fundamentally different from biological intelligence. Inspired by mitochondria (MT), a biosmart nanoparticle with microenvironment targeting and self-adaptive capacity (MTSNP) was fabricated for ischemic tissue repair. The nanoparticles were designed as shell@circular DNA@shell@core. The double shells were like the two-layered membranes of MT, the melatonin-loaded cores corresponded to the MT matrix, and the circular DNA corresponded to MTDNA. In function, melatonin-loaded cores simulated the cell-protective mechanism of MT, which naturally synthesized melatonin to resist ischemia, while circular DNA was constructed to mimic the biological oxygen-sensing mechanism, synthesizing VEGF for vascularization according to oxygen level, like the ATP supply by MT according to microenvironment demand. At the acute stage of ischemia, melatonin was rapidly released from MTSNP to scavenge reactive oxygen species and activated melatonin receptor I on MT to prevent cytochrome c release, which would activate apoptosis. During the chronic stage, circular DNA could sense hypoxia and actively secrete VEGF for revascularization as a response. Importantly, circular DNA could also receive feedback of revascularization and shut down VEGF secretion as an adverse response. Then, the therapeutic potentials of the MTSNP were verified in myocardial ischemia by the multimodality of the methods. Such nanoparticles may represent a promising intelligent nanodrug system.

11.
Chemosphere ; 261: 127597, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707321

RESUMO

Previous studies demonstrated that gibel carp A strain was more susceptible to herpesvirus infection than other strains. Thus, we hypothesized that F strain might display better defense responses than the A strain against cadmium (Cd) exposure. To test our hypothesis, gibel carp A strain and F strain were exposed to three diets comprising of different concentrations of Cd for 8 weeks to compare their resistances to Cd. Comprehensive evaluations on biochemical, physiological and histological responses were conducted post-exposure. Results showed that no adverse effects and differences were observed on growth in two strains of gibel carp, compromising of the remarkable hepatoxicity-caused liver damage as shown by histological observations. Dietary Cd exposure stimulated antioxidant defense in the liver to counteract the Cd hepatoxicity, especially in the F strain. Activation of ER stress response positively stimulated the autophagy, then triggering apoptosis in fish after dietary Cd exposure. Thus, Cd-induced autophagy served as a protective strategy to alleviate hepatoxicity, but overaction of ER stress also triggered irreparable cell death via apoptosis. Cd induced dysregulation of lipid accumulation, which might be a common mechanism in response to hepatoxicity. Last but not least, the F strain showed stronger response on antioxidant, ER stress and autophagy, but apoptosis were remitted compared with the A strain, implying the F strain showed stronger response but better defense strategies to dietary Cd exposure. Our finding provides useful information for genetic breeding in aquaculture, and ultimately contribute to the safety assessment of aquatic products for human consumption.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Cyprinidae/fisiologia , Exposição Dietética/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes , Aquicultura , Cruzamento , Carpas , Dieta , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Carpa Dourada/genética , Infecções por Herpesviridae/genética , Fígado
12.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 108(7): 2925-2936, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32662233

RESUMO

Zn alloys are emerging as promising degradable biomedical materials due to their tailorable mechanical properties and moderate biodegradable rate, compared with conventional biodegradable metallic materials. Ag, as an effective antibacterial and reinforcing element, was incorporated into Zn-0.05Mg alloys. In the present work, the effects of the Ag addition on mechanical, cytotoxic, hemolytic, pyrogenic, histological behaviors of the animal were investigated. The compressive yielding strength is enhanced from 198 MPa for Zn-0.05Mg alloy up to 224 and 234 MPa for Zn-0.05Mg-0.5Ag and Zn-0.05Mg-1Ag alloys, respectively. When the compressive strain was 65%, the strength of the Zn-0.05Mg-1.0Ag alloy reached 833 MPa, which was much higher than that of 721 MPa for Zn-0.05Mg alloy. The relative growth rate (RGR) for the extracts of Zn-0.05Mg-1Ag alloy with the concentrations of 10, 50, and 100% after 5 days incubation reaches 98.5, 95.2, and 94.2%, which are higher than those in extracts of Zn-0.05Mg-0.5Ag alloy (98.2, 93.9, 92.1%). The hemolysis rate of the Zn-0.05Mg alloys with 0.5 and 1 wt% Ag is 2.46 and 2.28%, respectively. The variations of body weight and temperature, postinjection symptoms, pathological morphologies of the visceral organs demonstrate that the alloys are nontoxic according to the toxicity rating standards. Zn-0.05wt%Mg-(0.5, 1 wt%) Ag alloys are experimentally safe materials and promising for the future application as biodegradable medical devices.

13.
ACS Omega ; 5(22): 13136-13147, 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32548500

RESUMO

Under catalyst- and additive-free conditions, a novel, convenient, environmentally friendly method was developed for the synthesis of 2-substituted benzothiazoles via the three-component one pot reaction from aromatic amines, aliphatic amines, and elemental sulfur. The reaction achieves double C-S and one C-N bond formations via cleavage of two C-N bonds and multiple C-H bonds. Furthermore, the mechanism research shows that DMSO acts as an oxidant in the cyclization reaction.

14.
Org Lett ; 22(10): 3789-3793, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32362124

RESUMO

We describe a three-component reaction of o-iodoanilines with K2S and DMSO that provides 2-unsubstituted benzothiazoles in moderate to good isolated yields with good functional group tolerance. Electron-rich aromatic amines and o-phenylenediamines instead of o-iodoanilines provided 2-unsubstituted benzothiazoles and 2-unsubstituted benzimidazoles with and without K2S under similar conditions. Notably, DMSO plays three vital roles: carbon source, solvent, and oxidant.

15.
EBioMedicine ; 52: 102656, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracavernous injection (ICI) of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) has been demonstrated promising for neurogenic erectile dysfunction (ED). However, due to the sponge-like structure of corpus cavernosum (CC) with abundant vessels, ICI was indeed like intravenous injection. Thus, the cell escaping may be a concern of safety and limited therapy, but the issue has not been clearly demonstrated yet. METHODS: Suspensions of free ADSCs (FAs) and ADSCs-based spheroids (ASs) with suitable size were intracavernously injected at doses of 0.5, 1, 2, or 4 million cells. The cell loss and safety after ICI, erectile function and histopathologic change, etc. were analyzed with multimodality of methods. FINDINGS: Most FAs escaped from sponge-like CC after ICI due to their small size, weakening stem-cell therapeutic efficacy. Worse still, the escaped cells were shown to cause widespread pulmonary embolism (PE), and even death in some animals. Further, it was founded that the therapeutic effect of FAs may be ascribed to the larger cell clusters which spontaneously aggregated before ICI and were trapped within CC after ICI. In comparison, cell loss and PE were significantly avoided by transplanting ASs. Importantly, better therapeutic outcomes were detected after ICI of ASs when compared to FAs with the same cell number. INTERPRETATION: Transplantation of size-specific ASs instead of single-cell suspension of FAs for neurogenic ED may be a wiser choice to achieve steady therapeutic outcome and to reduce risks for the future clinical application. FUND: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81701432) (to Y. Xu). Youth Training Project for Medical science (16QNP129) and Beijing Nova Program of science and technology (Z171100001117115) (to Z. Liu).


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Disfunção Erétil/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Imunofluorescência , Humanos , Masculino , Circulação Pulmonar , Ratos , Esferoides Celulares , Transplante de Células-Tronco/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Org Chem ; 85(5): 3349-3357, 2020 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024357

RESUMO

An efficient molecular iodine-catalyzed three-component cascade reaction for the construction of 2-phenylnaphtho[2,1-d]selenazoles from naphthalen-2-amine, aldehydes, and selenium powder has been developed. The present approach has the advantages of metal-free conditions, simple operation, and available raw materials. Moreover, the mechanism of the study proved that the reaction underwent a radical process.

17.
Obes Facts ; 13(2): 179-190, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074620

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In the past two decades, urbanization in many Asian countries has led to sedentary lifestyle and overnutrition, which has set the stage for the epidemic of obesity. Those who have obesity during adolescence usually have obesity into adulthood, which causes many medical and psychological issues that can result in premature death. Recent data suggest that short sleep duration may contribute to the risk of obesity, opening a new avenue for potential intervention. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of sleeping time, body mass index (BMI), and fat mass in Chinese freshmen and to indicate the relationship among them. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study consisting of 1,938 freshmen aged from 18 to 24 years, including 684 (35.3%) men and 1,254 (64.7%) women. BMI, sleeping time, and other potential related variables were collected by questionnaire. Obesity and overweight were defined as BMI ≥28.0 and ≥24.0, respectively. All students were divided into three groups according to the tertiles of body fat percentage (Fat%), which were measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Sleeping time was divided into 3 categories based on the duration, <6, 6-8, and >8 h per day. RESULTS: Participants who slept longer had lower BMI and Fat%. Sex, diet control, and maternal obesity were all significantly associated with BMI or Fat% after adjustment. There were significant differences between sleeping time <6 and >8 h in both overweight group and Fat% tertiles independent of adjustment used. The significant difference between sleeping time 6-8 and >8 h only existed in overweight group, while irrelevant relation was observed in both models of obesity group. CONCLUSION: Longer sleeping time was associated with a lower BMI in Chinese freshmen, even after adjustment for multiple confounders. The overweight stage is a critical period of weight management intervention by changing sleeping time. If adolescents have entered the obesity stage, the effect size of lifestyle intervention might be significantly limited.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Sono/fisiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Peso Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
18.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(2): 145, 2020 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970521

RESUMO

The authors describe a novel electrochemical determination method for bisphenol A (BPA) based on the electrosynthesised Cu-BTC (H3BTC: trimesic acid) films. Using H3BTC as the ligand, Cu(NO3)2 as the precursor of copper ions, and triethylamine hydrochloride (Et3NHCl) as the probase source, Cu-BTC films were directly deposited on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) surface via cathodic electrochemical reduction under -1.30 V. Considering the electrocatalytic activity of metal center Cu2+, Cu-BTC films were applied to construct the electrochemical determination platform for BPA. Chronocoulometry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to study the signal enhancement mechanism. The determination conditions were optimized. As a result, a sensitive electrochemical method was constructed for BPA. The peak currents, best measured at voltage of 0.496 V vs. SCE (KCl saturated calomel reference electrode), increase linearly in the range from 5.0 to 2000 nM. The value of determination limit is 0.72 nM. The proposed method was successfully applied to determine BPA in spiked urine, spiked waste water samples and plastic products. The results were in good agreement with those obtained for the same samples by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Graphical abstract Schematics for the construction of electrochemical determination for bisphenol A.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Fenóis/análise , Ácidos Tricarboxílicos/química , Compostos Benzidrílicos/urina , Carbono/química , Cobre/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Eletrodos , Limite de Detecção , Fenóis/urina , Plásticos/análise , Águas Residuárias/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/urina
19.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(1): 49-60, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892845

RESUMO

PM2.5 exposure exacerbates cardiovascular diseases via oxidative stress and inflammation, the detailed mechanism of which is unclear. In this study, the effects of oxidative stress and inflammation, as well as vascular structure and function were studied by multiple PM2.5 exposure model of ApoE-/- mice. The results indicated that NO produced by iNOS not cNOS might play important roles in inducing vascular dysfunction after PM2.5 exposure. The occurrence order and causality among NO, other oxidative stress indicators and inflammation is explored by single PM2.5 exposure. The results showed that NO generated by iNOS occurred earlier than that of other oxidative stress indicators, which was followed by the increased inflammation. Inhibition of NOS could effectively block the raise of NO, oxidative stress and inflammation after PM2.5 exposure. All in all, we firstly confirmed that NO was the initiation factor of PM2.5 exposure-induced oxidative stress, which led to inflammation and the following vascular dysfunction.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas E/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Animais , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Western Blotting , Imuno-Histoquímica , Inflamação/genética , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Mutantes , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
20.
Br J Nutr ; 123(6): 627-641, 2020 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813383

RESUMO

An oral starch administration trial was used to evaluate glucose homoeostasis in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and Chinese longsnout catfish (Leiocassis longirostris Günther). Fish were administered with 3 g of a water and starch mixture (with 3:2 ratio) per 100 g body weight after fasting for 48 h. Fish were sampled at 0, 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after oral starch administration. In grass carp, plasma levels of glucose peaked at 3 h but returned to baseline at 6 h. However, in Chinese longsnout catfish, plasma glucose levels peaked at 6 h and returned to baseline at 48 h. The activity of intestinal amylase was increased in grass carp at 1 and 3 h, but no significant change in Chinese longsnout catfish was observed. The activity of hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase fell significantly in grass carp but change was not evident in Chinese longsnout catfish. The expression levels and enzymic activity of hepatic pyruvate kinase increased in grass carp, but no significant changes were observed in the Chinese longsnout catfish. Glycogen synthase (gys) and glycogen phosphorylase (gp) were induced in grass carp. However, there was no significant change in gys and a clear down-regulation of gp in Chinese longsnout catfish. In brief, compared with Chinese longsnout catfish, grass carp exhibited a rapid increase and faster clearance rate of plasma glucose. This effect was closely related to significantly enhanced levels of digestion, glycolysis, glycogen metabolism and glucose-induced lipogenesis in grass carp, as well as the inhibition of gluconeogenesis.

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