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1.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1220, 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The predictive role of blood-based tumor mutation burden (bTMB) for selecting advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who might benefit from immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) is still under debate. Therefore, the purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) /programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors versus that of standard-of-care therapy in patients with NSCLC who were bTMB high and bTMB low. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, the Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched systematically from inception to February 2021 for studies of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (durvalumab OR atezolizumab OR avelumab OR pembrolizumab OR Nivolumab) that provided hazard ratios (HRs) for overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS), or odds ratios (ORs) for objective response rate (ORR) in both bTMB high and bTMB low groups. RESULTS: A total of 2338 patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC from six randomized controlled trials, which all used chemotherapy (CT) as a control, were included in this study. Compared with CT, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor therapy improved OS (HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.52-0.75, P < 0.01), PFS (HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.48-0.67, P < 0.01), and ORR (OR 2.69, 95% CI 1.84-3.93, P < 0.01) in bTMB-high NSCLC patients but not in bTMB-low patients (OS HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.69-1.07, P = 0.17; PFS HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.78-1.27, P = 0.98; ORR OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.49-0.80, P = 0.03). Subgroup analyses showed that these results were consistent across all subgroups (line of therapy, therapy regimen, type of NGS panel, PD-L1 expression, and cutoff value). Meta-regression analysis showed that the proportion of patients with squamous cell histology had no statistical effect on clinical outcomes. Sensitivity analyses illustrated that all results were stable. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor therapy in advanced NSCLC patients may be dependent on bTMB level. Patients with high bTMB tend to obtain significantly better OS, PFS, and ORR from PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor therapy than from CT. However, because of multiple limitations, including those related to reproducibility, the results are exploratory and should be interpreted with caution.

2.
Chem Rev ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780169

RESUMO

The past decades have witnessed a rapid expansion in investigations of two-dimensional (2D) monoelemental materials (Xenes), which are promising materials in various fields, including applications in optoelectronic devices, biomedicine, catalysis, and energy storage. Apart from graphene and phosphorene, recently emerging 2D Xenes, specifically graphdiyne, borophene, arsenene, antimonene, bismuthene, and tellurene, have attracted considerable interest due to their unique optical, electrical, and catalytic properties, endowing them a broader range of intriguing applications. In this review, the structures and properties of these emerging Xenes are summarized based on theoretical and experimental results. The synthetic approaches for their fabrication, mainly bottom-up and top-down, are presented. Surface modification strategies are also shown. The wide applications of these emerging Xenes in nonlinear optical devices, optoelectronics, catalysis, biomedicine, and energy application are further discussed. Finally, this review concludes with an assessment of the current status, a description of existing scientific and application challenges, and a discussion of possible directions to advance this fertile field.

3.
J Gene Med ; : e3398, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary Factor VII Deficiency (FVIID) is a rare congenital autosomal recessive bleeding disorder. In clinical manifestations, its onset is caused by variant of the F7 gene (NM_019616) with strong heterogeneity. We identified a family with hematuria caused by a novel F7 compound heterozygous variant and studied the FVIID-dependent mechanism impacted by these variants. METHODS: Coagulation factors in the proband were functionally verified. We located pathogenic variants in relevant genes using next-generation sequencing after target enrichment and verified them by Sanger sequencing. We examined the coagulation activity and secretion pattern of recombinant FVII variants expressed in cells and observed their location and stability by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: We found a missense variant c.1207G>A (p.Gly403Ser) and a frameshift variant c.154_155del (p.Arg53fs) in the F7 gene of the proband. FVII activity tests showed that the variants significantly decreased its presence in the cell culture supernatant. Moreover, the R53fs mutant lacked the FVII functional domain and had no detectable activity. Immunofluorescence indicated that the p.Gly403Ser variant was distributed to the cell membrane and cytoplasm, while the FVII R53fs variant was not detected. Deficient FVII protein function and severe coagulation disorder are the likely causes of hematuria and other bleeding symptoms in the proband. CONCLUSION: The newly discovered F7 gene variants enrich the spectrum of hereditary FVII deficiency and provide a new foundation for the diagnosis and treatment of this type of coagulation disorder.

4.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 20: 15347354211058168, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Celastrus orbiculatus ethyl acetate extract (COE) has shown a strong anti-gastric cancer effect, but the understanding of its mechanism is still lacking. The results of previous studies indicated that COE may be able to inhibit the stemness of gastric cancer stem cells (GCSCs) by regulating PDCD4 and EIF3H expression. AIMS: To explore if COE could inhibit the stemness of GCSCs by regulating PDCD4 and EIF3H expression in vitro and in vivo. PROCEDURE: The GCSCs model was established by stem cell-conditioned culture. Spheroid formation and flow cytometry assays were used to detect the effect of COE on the spheroid formation ability of GCSCs and the percentage of CD44+/CD24+ and ALDH+ cell subpopulations. Western blot analysis was applied to measure the expression of GCSCs biomarkers (Nanog, Oct-4, and SOX-2), PDCD4, and EIF3H in GCSCs treated with COE; and RT-PCR was performed to investigate the effect of COE on PDCD4 mRNA expression in GCSCs. An in vivo tumorigenicity experiment was also conducted to evaluate the effect of COE on tumor-initiating ability of GCSCs in vivo; and the expression of PDCD4 and EIF3H in xenograft tissues was examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. RESULTS: After culture in stem cell-conditioned medium, SGC7901 cells manifested significantly enhanced spheroid formation ability, upregulated Nanog, Oct-4, and SOX-2 expression and increased percentages of CD44+/CD24+ and ALDH+ cell subpopulations, indicating successful establishment of the GCSCs model. COE treatment significantly inhibited the spheroid formation ability of GCSCs and reduced the percentage of CD44+/CD24+ and ALDH+ cell subpopulations. The western blot analysis showed a significant decrease of Nanog, Oct-4, SOX-2, and EIF3H expression and an increase of PDCD4 expression in GCSCs after COE treatment in a concentration-dependent manner. COE treatment also significantly upregulated the mRNA expression of PDCD4 in GCSCs. In addition, COE displayed a strong inhibitory effect on the tumor-initiating ability of GCSCs in vivo and upregulated PDCD4 and downregulated EIF3H expression in xenograft tissues. CONCLUSION: COE may be able to inhibit GC growth by suppressing the stemness of GCSCs via regulating PDCD4 and EIF3H expression.

5.
Front Immunol ; 12: 757909, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804044

RESUMO

Salmonella Infantis has emerged as a major clinical pathogen causing gastroenteritis worldwide in recent years. As an intracellular pathogen, Salmonella has evolved to manipulate and benefit from the cell death signaling pathway. In this study, we discovered that S. Infantis inhibited apoptosis of infected Caco-2 cells by phosphorylating Akt. Notably, Akt phosphorylation was observed in a discontinuous manner: immediately 0.5 h after the invasion, then before peak cytosolic replication. Single-cell analysis revealed that the second phase was only induced by cytosolic hyper-replicating bacteria at 3-4 hpi. Next, Akt-mediated apoptosis inhibition was found to be initiated by Salmonella SopB. Furthermore, Akt phosphorylation increased mitochondrial localization of Bcl-2 to prevent Bax oligomerization on the mitochondrial membrane, maintaining the mitochondrial network homeostasis to resist apoptosis. In addition, S. Infantis induced pyroptosis, as evidenced by increased caspase-1 (p10) and GSDMS-N levels. In contrast, cells infected with the ΔSopB strain displayed faster but less severe pyroptosis and had less bacterial load. The results indicated that S. Infantis SopB-mediated Akt phosphorylation delayed pyroptosis, but aggravated its severity. The wild-type strain also caused more severe diarrhea and intestinal inflammatory damage than the ΔSopB strain in mice. These findings revealed that S. Infantis delayed the cells' death by intermittent activation of Akt, allowing sufficient time for replication, thereby causing more severe inflammation.

6.
Front Oncol ; 11: 753920, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737962

RESUMO

Introduction: The clinical performance of [-2]proPSA (p2PSA) and its derivatives in predicting the presence and aggressiveness of prostate cancer (PCa) has been well evaluated in prostate biopsy patients. However, no study has been performed to evaluate the common genetic determinants that affect serum level of p2PSA. Materials and Methods: Here, we performed a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) on the p2PSA level in Chinese men who underwent a transperineal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy at Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Cancer Center, and Ruijin Hospital in Shanghai, China. Germline variants significantly associated with the p2PSA level in the first stage (n = 886) were replicated in the second stage (n = 1,128). Multivariate linear regression was used to assess the independent contribution of confirmed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and known covariates, such as age, to the level of p2PSA. Results: A novel non-synonymous SNP, rs72725879, in region 8q24.21 of the PRNCR1 gene was significantly associated with the serum level of p2PSA in this two-stage GWAS (p = 2.28 × 10-9). Participants with homozygous "T" alleles at rs72725879 had higher p2PSA levels compared to allele "C" carriers. This variant was also nominally associated with PCa risk (p-combined = 3.44 × 10-18). The association with serum level of p2PSA was still significant after adjusting for PCa risk and age (p = 0.017). Conclusions: Our study shows that the genetic variants in the 8q24.21 region are associated with the serum level of p2PSA in a large-scale Chinese population. By taking inherited variations between individuals into account, the findings of these genetic variants may help improve the performance of p2PSA in predicting prostate cancer.

7.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789671

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: In this report, the authors describe a case of the acute anterior disc displacement without reduction treated by manipulative reduction combined with the disc-condyle repositioning splint to improve the limited mouth opening and relieve the pain, including diagnostic images and treatment performed.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(41): 48971-48980, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612640

RESUMO

Perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cells have bright prospects to improve the power conversion efficiency (PCE) beyond the Shockley-Queisser (SQ) limit of single-junction solar cells. The star lead-based halide perovskites are well-recognized as suitable candidates for the front cell, thanks to their suitable band gap (∼1.8 eV), strong optical absorption, and high certified PCE. However, the toxicity of lead for the front cell and the lack of a narrow band gap (∼1.1 eV) for the rear cell seriously restrict the development of the two-junction tandem cell. To break through this bottleneck, a novel Dion-Jacobson (DJ)-type (n = 2) chalcogenide perovskite CsLaM2X7 (M = Ta, Nb; X = S, Se) has been found based on the powerful first-principles and advanced many-body perturbation GW calculations. Their excellent electronic, transport, and optical properties can be summarized as follows. (1) They are stable and environmentally friendly lead-free materials. (2) The direct band gap of CsLaTa2Se7 (0.96-1.10 eV) is much smaller than those of lead-based halide perovskites and very suitable for the rear cell in the two-junction tandem cell. (3) The carrier mobility in CsLaTa2Se7 reaches 1.6 × 103 cm2 V-1 s-1 at room temperature. (4) The absorption coefficients (3-5 × 105 cm-1) are 1 order higher than that of Si (104 cm-1). (5) The estimated PCEs of the Cs2Sb2Br8-CsLaTa2Se7 tandem cell (33.3%) and the concentrator solar cell (35.8% in 100 suns) are higher than those of the best recorded GaAs-Si tandem cell (32.8%) and the perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cell (24.8%). These energetic results strongly demonstrate that the novel lead-free chalcogenide perovskites CsLaM2X7 are good candidates for the rear cell of tandem cells.

9.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw ; : 1-9, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although China accounts for 7.8% of worldwide new prostate cancer (PCa) cases and 14.5% of new deaths according to GLOBOCAN 2020, the risk of PCa associated with germline mutations is poorly defined, hampered in part by lack of nationwide evidence. Here, we sequenced 19 PCa predisposition genes in 1,836 Chinese patients with PCa and estimated disease risk associated with inherited mutations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were recruited from 4 tertiary cancer centers (n=1,160) and a commercial laboratory (n=676). Germline DNA was sequenced using a multigene panel, and pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) mutation frequencies in patients with PCa were compared with populations from the gnomAD (Genome Aggregation Database) and ChinaMAP (China Metabolic Analytics Project) databases. Clinical characteristics and progression-free survival were assessed by mutation status. RESULTS: Of 1,160 patients from hospitals, 89.7% had Gleason scores ≥8, and 65.6% had metastases. P/LP mutations were identified in 8.49% of Chinese patients with PCa. Association with PCa risk was significant for mutations in ATM (odds ratio [OR], 5.9; 95% CI, 3.1-11.1), BRCA2 (OR, 15.3; 95% CI, 10.0-23.2), MSH2 (OR, 15.8; 95% CI, 4.2-59.6), and PALB2 (OR, 5.9; 95% CI, 2.7-13.2). Compared with those without mutations, patients with mutations in ATM, BRCA2, MSH2, or PALB2 showed a poor outcome with treatment using androgen deprivation therapy and abiraterone (hazard ratio, 2.19 [95% CI, 1.34-3.58] and 2.47 [95% CI, 1.23-4.96], respectively) but similar benefit from docetaxel. CONCLUSIONS: The present multicenter study confirmed that a significant proportion of Chinese patients with PCa had inherited mutations and identified predisposition genes in this underreported ethnicity. These data provide empirical evidence for precision prevention and prognostic estimation in Chinese patients with PCa.

11.
Urol Oncol ; 39(12): 838.e7-838.e13, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify incidence and risk factors for upstaging from cN1 to pN2/N3 at inguinal lymphadenectomy (ILND) for penile cancer (pSCC). Our secondary objective is to assess survival outcomes and associations for cN1 patients undergoing ILND. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with pT≥1cN1cM0 pSCC who underwent bilateral ILND and had complete data were identified in a multi-institutional international cohort from 8 referral centers in 7 countries diagnosed from 1980 to 2017. Upstaging was defined as pN2/N3 at ILND. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine associations with upstaging, and Cox multivariable logistic regression analysis to determine associations with overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Of 144 patients were included in the final study population. 84 patients (58%) were upstaged from cN1 to pN2/N3, and 25 (17%) were down staged to pN0. Upstaging was associated with pT3/T4 (OR 4.1, 95%CI 1.5-11.7, P < 0.01) and pTX (OR 7.1, 95CI 1.6-51.1, P = 0.02). Age, smoking status, HPV status, and LVI were not associated with upstaging. Age (HR 1.03/y, 95%CI 1.01-1.06, P < 0.01) and upstaging (HR 2.8, 95%CI 1.3-5.9, P < 0.01) were associated with worse OS. Upstaged patients had a 5-year OS of 49%, compared with 86% for patients who were not upstaged. CONCLUSION: The majority of cN1 pSCC patients harbor a higher-risk disease state than their clinical staging suggests, especially those with higher pT stages. More intensive pre-operative workup may be warranted for these patients to identify upstaging prior to ILND and potentially qualify them for neoadjuvant chemotherapy or clinical trials.

12.
J Clin Psychiatry ; 82(6)2021 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551222

RESUMO

Objective: Dyslipidemia is a controversial risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) with unknown mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate polygenic effects of the lipid metabolic pathway on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) core biomarkers, cognition, and default mode network (DMN).Methods: Cross-sectional data on serum lipids, CSF core biomarkers, and functional MRI findings for 113 participants (25 cognitively normal, 20 with subjective cognitive decline, 24 early amnestic, 23 with late mild cognitive impairment, and 21 with AD) from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative were included. Different cognitive stages were categorized based on neuropsychological assessments. Multivariable linear regression analyses were conducted to investigate the polygenic and interactive effects on the DMN. The correlations of lipid-related polygenes and serum lipids with cognitive performance were also studied via regression analyses.Results: The polygenic scores were significantly correlated with CSF levels of core biomarkers (P < .05) but not with cognition. Several serum lipids were associated with total tau. CSF core biomarkers and 6 serum lipids both could impact cognition in a nonlinear manner. Polygenic effects exhibited diverse trajectories on the DMN subsystems across the AD spectrum. Extensive genetic and interactive effects were mainly concentrated in the cortical frontal-parietal network and subcortical regions. Brain regions of lipid metabolites linking to DMN involved sensorimotor network and occipital lobe.Conclusions: Polygenic effects of the lipid metabolic pathway could accelerate pathological changes and disrupted DMN subsystem trajectory across the AD spectrum. These results deepen the understanding of the mechanism of lipid metabolism affecting the neural system and provide several lipid indicators that enable the impairments of lipid metabolism on the brain to be monitored.

13.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 889-895, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of maternal group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization and neonatal early-onset GBS disease (GBS-EOD), and to study the factors associated with the development of GBS-EOD in the offspring of pregnant women with GBS colonization. METHODS: A total of 16 384 pregnant women and 16 634 neonates delivered by them were enrolled prospectively who had medical records in Xiamen Maternal and Child Care Hospital, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Capital Medical University, and Zhangzhou Zhengxing Hospital from May 1, 2019 to April 30, 2020. Unified GBS screening time, culture method, and indication for intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) were adopted in the three hospitals. The incidence rates of maternal GBS colonization and neonatal GBS-EOD were investigated. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors associated with the development of GBS-EOD in the offspring of pregnant women with GBS colonization. RESULTS: In these three hospitals, the positive rate of GBS culture among the pregnant women in late pregnancy was 11.29% (1 850/16 384), and the incidence rate of neonatal GBS-EOD was 0.96‰ (16/16 634). The admission rate of live infants born to the GBS-positive pregnant women was higher than that of those born to the GBS-negative ones (P<0.05). The live infants born to the GBS-positive pregnant women had a higher incidence rate of GBS-EOD than those born to the GBS-negative ones [6.38‰ (12/1 881) vs 0.27‰ (4/14 725), P<0.05]. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that placental swabs positive for GBS and positive GBS in neonatal gastric juice at birth were independent predictive factors for the development of GBS-EOD (P<0.05), while adequate IAP was a protective factor (P<0.05) in the offspring of pregnant women with GBS colonization. CONCLUSIONS: GBS colonization of pregnant women in late pregnancy has adverse effects on their offspring. It is important to determine prenatal GBS colonization status of pregnant women and administer with adequate IAP based on the indications of IAP to reduce the incidence of neonatal GBS-EOD. Citation.


Assuntos
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Infecções Estreptocócicas , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Feminino , Humanos , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas/prevenção & controle , Placenta , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções Estreptocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estreptocócicas/epidemiologia , Streptococcus agalactiae
14.
Clin Transl Radiat Oncol ; 30: 84-87, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34430718

RESUMO

Objective: A lack of demonstrated clinical benefit precludes radiotherapy (RT) from being recommended for pN1/pN2 penile cancer (PeCa) lesions; but it may be recommended in case of extranodal (pN3) disease or for positive resection margins. Perineal urethrostomy (PU) is a technique of urinary diversion in patients with PeCa requiring total or subtotal penectomy as primary therapy. Prior studies suggest PU failure rates of up to 30%, without specific mention of the potential role of RT. When RT is delivered for PeCa it is usually to the pre-pubic fat, groin and lateral pelvis, and not to the region of the PU. Here we describe the role of perioperative RT in a large, multi-institutional registry of PU for PeCa. Methods: In our cohort, 299 patients from seven international, high-volume centers in Belgium, Brazil, China, Netherlands, United Kingdom and the United States underwent PU as urinary diversion for PeCa between 2000 and 2020. Demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics were reviewed. Results: Median patient age was 67 years and median follow-up was 19 months. Seven patients (2.3%) received pre-operative RT; six of them with chemotherapy. 37 received RT post-operatively, 21 (57%) with chemotherapy. Stenosis of the PU occurred in 35 (12%) of the total population. The majority of these patients (74%) required surgical revision at a median of 6.1 months post-operatively. RT delivery was neither significantly related to PU stenosis (p = 0.16) or to subsequent revision (p = 0.75). Conclusion: Receipt of RT was not significantly associated with increased stenosis risk in PeCa patients who underwent PU.

15.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 679573, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393775

RESUMO

Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata (ZhiHeShouWu, PMRP) and Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma (ShiChangPu, ATR) and their traditional combination (PA) are frequently used in traditional Chinese medicine to prevent and treat Alzheimer disease (AD) based on the theory that PMRP tonifies the kidney and ATR dissipates phlegm. However, the components of PA and their mechanisms of action are not known. The present study analyzed the active components of PA, and investigated the protective effect of PA against cognitive impairment induced by scopolamine in mice along with the underlying mechanism.The aqueous extract of PA was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) and gas chromatography (GC)-MS in order to identify the major components. To evaluate the protective effect of PA against cognitive dysfunction, mice were orally administered PA, PMRP, or ATR for 30 days before treatment with scopolamine. Learning and memory were assessed in mice with the Morris water maze test; neurotransmitter levels in the hippocampus were analyzed by HPLC-MS; and the expression of synapse-related proteins in the hippocampus was detected by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Eight active compounds in PA and rat plasma were identified by HPLC-MS and GC-MS. Plasma concentrations of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-ß-d-glucoside, emodin, α-asarone, and asarylaldehyde were increased following PA administration; meanwhile, gallic acid, emodin-8-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside, ß-asarone, and cis-methyl isoeugenol concentrations were similar in rats treated with PA, PMRP, and ATR. In scopolamine-treated mice, PA increased the concentrations of neurotransmitters in the hippocampus, activated the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) signaling pathway, and increased the expression of p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (p90RSK) and postsynaptic density (PSD)95 proteins. Thus, PA alleviates cognitive deficits by enhancing synaptic-related proteins, suggesting that it has therapeutic potential for the treatment of aging-related diseases such as AD.

16.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1039-1049, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362480

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the hub genes affecting the solely bone marrow relapse of childish acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). METHODS: The high-throughput RNA sequencing data were downloaded from TCGA database, the differentially expressed genes were screened by DESeq2 package of R, and the differentially expressed genes were grouped by GO function enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Further, the data of STRING database and Cytoscape software were used to construct protein interaction network, screen hub genes and highly interaction protein sub network, perform GO and KEGG analysis of the hub genes and protein sub network respectively. JASPAR database was used to screen the upstream transcription factor of the hub gene promoter. Survival analysis based on the expression of hub genes was performed with clinical information attached to TCGA database. The bone marrow samples and clinical data of the patients were collected, the analysis results of hub genes were verified through clinical samples. RESULTS: 847 differentially expressed genes were collected, including 813 up-regulated genes, 34 down-regulated genes, 11 hub genes were screened out. The results of survival analysis showed that RPS5、RPS15、RPL23、RPL35、RPS8、RPS27A、RPS3、RPL9、RPS21、RPS7 and RPL38 showed significant effect on the survival of the children, and ZNF460 might be involved in their regulation. The high expressions of RPS3, RPS15, RPS8, RPS27A, and RPS21 had been verified in clinical samples of solely bone marrow relapsed patients. CONCLUSION: RPS3, RPS15, RPS8, RPS27A, RPS21 can be used as biomarkers to indicate the malignant event of solely bone marrow relapse, which may be regulated by ZNF460.


Assuntos
Leucemia de Células B , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Medula Óssea , Criança , Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Recidiva
18.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the clinical effects of the combination of rhytidectomy and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc repositioning surgery in internal derangement (ID) stage IV-V and facial aging patients. METHODS: Eighteen facial aging with bilateral ID IV-V patients were enrolled in this study. All of them had undergone temporomandibular disc repositioning surgery and rhytidectomy by the same surgeon (Yao Min Zhu). Pre-/post-surgical clinical manifestations, facial photography, radiographic data were recorded and analyzed, as well as doctor, patient, third-party evaluation of postsurgical facial appearance satisfaction. RESULTS: The average age of 18 female patients was 52.9. The average of presurgical visual analog pain scale score was 5.94, ranged from 4 to 8. After 6 months, the average of postsurgical visual analog pain scale score was 0.28, ranged from 0 to 1 (P > 0.05). The average maximal mouth opening of presurgical and postsurgical was 2.19 and 3.29 cm, ranged from 1.2 to 2.8 cm and 3.0 to 3.5 cm, respectively (P < 0.05). Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging showed the location of the bilateral TMJ discs directly above the mandibular condyle. The satisfaction rate of doctors, patients and third-party with facial appearance was 95% to 98%, 96% to 99% and 96% to 99%, respectively, with an average of 95.72%, 98.11%, and 97.50%. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with bilateral ID IV-V and facial aging, the combination of disc repositioning surgery and rhytidectomy is a very feasible procedure to treat TMJ disorders and improve patients' facial appearance and satisfaction.

19.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(31): 7459-7465, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339207

RESUMO

The utilization of visible light for direct photocatalytic methane conversion remains a huge challenge. Here, we developed a thermo-photo catalytic process with a visible-light-responsive Pt/WO3 catalyst and realized highly efficient visible-light driven methane conversion for the first time. The conversion efficiency was enhanced by 4.6 and 14.7 times compared to room-temperature photocatalysis and thermal catalysis at 150 °C, respectively. Furthermore, the production of liquid oxygenates (mainly CH3OH) was found to proceed via photocatalysis with high apparent quantum efficiencies of 5.9%, 4.5%, and 1.9% at 350, 420, and 450 nm, respectively, while CO2 evolution was contributed by photoassisted thermal catalysis. Solid isotope evidence further confirmed that CH3OH, HCHO, and CO2 were produced via parallel rather than sequential reactions. These observations provide a valuable guide for designing a visible-light driven system for methane conversion with high efficiency and controllable selectivity.

20.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 27(11): 1385-1395, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387022

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aims to investigate the mechanisms by which apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype modulates the relationship between low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) rs1799986 variant on the default mode network (DMN) and cognition in Alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum populations. METHODS: Cross-sectional 168 subjects of AD spectrum were obtained from Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database with resting-state fMRI scans and neuropsychological scores data. Multivariable linear regression analysis was adopted to investigate the main effects and interaction of LRP1 and disease on the DMN. Moderation and interactive analyses were performed to assess the relationships among APOE, LRP1, and cognition. A support vector machine model was used to classify AD spectrum with altered connectivity as an objective diagnostic biomarker. RESULTS: The main effects and interaction of LRP1 and disease were mainly focused on the core hubs of frontal-parietal network. Several brain regions with altered connectivity were correlated with cognitive scores in LRP1-T carriers, but not in non-carriers. APOE regulated the effect of LRP1 on cognitive performance. The functional connectivity of numerous brain regions within LRP1-T carriers yielded strong power for classifying AD spectrum. CONCLUSION: These findings suggested LRP1 could affect DMN and provided a stage-dependent neuroimaging biomarker for classifying AD spectrum populations.

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