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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 24(1): 37, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the clinical and radiologic outcomes after anterior cervical dynamic or static plate fixation for short segment cervical degenerative disc diseases (DDD) for more than 5 years. METHODS: Sixty-four patients who underwent anterior cervical one level discectomy or corpectomy with an anterior cervical plate system were followed for an average of 6.8 years for clinical and radiographic outcomes. Among the sixty-four patients, thirty-eight patients were fixed with a static plate (ORION and CSLP plate system) and the other twenty-six patients were fixed with a dynamic plate (ABC plate). Radiographic data were collected included the global sagittal alignment of the cervical spine (C2-C7), the local height and angle of the operated level pre-operatively, postoperatively and at last follow-up. A clinical assessment was performed at pre-operatively, three months postoperatively and final follow-up using the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) /Visual Analogue Score(VAS)/ Neck Disablility Index(NDI) scoring system. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 6.8 years. At final review, there were two cases of suspicious pseudarthrosis which were from ABC plate fixation group while the other cases all gained solid fusion. The height of fusion segment gained significantly improvement for both dynamic and static plate group post-operation, and all groups demonstrated a significant loss in height postoperatively. Generally, for the one level ACDF group, the height decrease was 0.5 mm for static plate and 1.6 mm for dynamic group which was significantly different(p < 0.05). And for one level ACCF group, this type of difference was not seen in which decreasing was 1.7 mm for static group and 1.8 mm for dynamic group. Segmental lordosis of the fusion segments was increased significantly both post-operation and final follow-up than before-operation for both one and two segments fusion. Global cervical lordosis from C2-C7 was increased in the early postoperative period in all groups, and at final follow-up the total lordosis was still getting better compared with early postoperative period, but this increase was not statistically significant. Clinical assessment of JOA/NDI showed that there was significantly improvement 3-month post-operation compared with pre-operation, and the score could get a slight further improvement at the final follow-up. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated a statistically similar fusion rate between dynamic and static cervical plate fixation. However, the height gained with static plate fixation for single segment disease was maintained better than with dynamic plate fixation and there was no difference between JOA outcome scores between groups. Despite the reported improved biomechanics of dynamic plate fixation, further research needs to be done to show the clinical advantage of dynamic plate fixation.


Assuntos
Lordose , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Seguimentos , Lordose/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Placas Ósseas , Discotomia , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia
2.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI and non-mono-exponential model-based diffusion-weighted imaging (NME-DWI) that does not require contrast agent can both characterize breast cancer. However, which technique is superior remains unclear. PURPOSE: To compare the performances of DCE-MRI, NME-DWI and their combination as multiparametric MRI (MP-MRI) in the prediction of breast cancer prognostic biomarkers and molecular subtypes based on radiomics. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: A total of 477 female patients with 483 breast cancers (5-fold cross-validation: training/validation, 80%/20%). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3.0 T/DCE-MRI (6 dynamic frames) and NME-DWI (13 b values). ASSESSMENT: After data preprocessing, high-throughput features were extracted from each tumor volume of interest, and optimal features were selected using recursive feature elimination method. To identify ER+ vs. ER-, PR+ vs. PR-, HER2+ vs. HER2-, Ki-67+ vs. Ki-67-, luminal A/B vs. nonluminal A/B, and triple negative (TN) vs. non-TN, the following models were implemented: random forest, adaptive boosting, support vector machine, linear discriminant analysis, and logistic regression. STATISTICAL TESTS: Student's t, chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests were applied on clinical characteristics to confirm whether significant differences exist between different statuses (±) of prognostic biomarkers or molecular subtypes. The model performances were compared between the DCE-MRI, NME-DWI, and MP-MRI datasets using the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) and the DeLong test. P < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: With few exceptions, no significant differences (P = 0.062-0.984) were observed in the AUCs of models for six classification tasks between the DCE-MRI (AUC = 0.62-0.87) and NME-DWI (AUC = 0.62-0.91) datasets, while the model performances on the two imaging datasets were significantly poorer than on the MP-MRI dataset (AUC = 0.68-0.93). Additionally, the random forest and adaptive boosting models (AUC = 0.62-0.93) outperformed other three models (AUC = 0.62-0.90). DATA CONCLUSION: NME-DWI was comparable with DCE-MRI in predictive performance and could be used as an alternative technique. Besides, MP-MRI demonstrated significantly higher AUCs than either DCE-MRI or NME-DWI. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 2. TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.

3.
Endocr Connect ; 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656308

RESUMO

Diabetes is a complex metabolic disease. In recent years, diabetes and its chronic complications have become a health hotspot of global concern. It is very important to find promising therapeutic targets and directions. Ferroptosis is a new type of programmed cell death that is different from cell necrosis, apoptosis and autophagy. Ferroptosis is mainly characterized by iron-dependent lipid peroxidation. With the reduction of the anti-oxidative capacity of cells, the accumulated reactive lipid oxygen species will cause oxidative cell death and lead to ferroptosis at lethal levels. Recent studies have shown that ferroptosis plays an important regulatory role in the initiation and development of diabetes, as well as various complications of diabetes. In this review, we will summarize new findings related to ferroptosis and diabetic complications, and propose ferroptosis as a potential target for treating diabetic complications.

4.
Funct Integr Genomics ; 23(1): 29, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604355

RESUMO

ThE present work focused on exploring Girdin expression within gastric cancer (GC), examining the effect of Girdin on the cell phenotype of GC, and clarifying the underlying mechanisms. Girdin expression in GC samples was identified by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assays. Girdin-targeting siRNAs were transfected into GC cells; later, we examined GC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis, respectively. Additionally, the protein expression was examined through Western blotting assay. Moreover, the tumor implantation experiment was conducted for examining Girdin knockdown in vivo. The results showed that Girdin expression elevated within GC samples, which was associated with the dismal prognostic outcome. Girdin knockdown suppressed GC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and enhanced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Girdin promoted the phosphorylation of AKT, GSK3ß, and ß-catenin. Moreover, Girdin inhibited the phosphorylation of ß-catenin. Girdin suppressed cell apoptosis and stimulated cell migration and invasion, while AKT inhibitor (MK2206) treatment reversed the effect of Girdin overexpression, and GSK3ß inhibitor (CHIR99021) treatment enhanced the effect of Girdin overexpression on GC cells. Besides, Girdin delayed tumor growth in vivo. In conclusion, Girdin was abnormally expressed in GC samples, which promoted the development of GC by regulating AKT/GSK3ß/ß-catenin signaling.


Assuntos
Proteínas dos Microfilamentos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Neoplasias Gástricas , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular , Humanos , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Oncogenes , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 23(1): 10, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During October 2021, China experienced localized outbreaks of COVID-19 in many cities. We analyzed the small local outbreak in Zunyi (Guizhou Province), a major city in southwestern China, and modeled the effects of different interventions on this outbreak. METHODS: Data on infections and contacts, provided by the Health Commission of Guizhou Province, were used to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of the outbreak and calculate the effectiveness of vaccination. A branching process model was used to simulate the outbreak. This model considered the time interval from exposure of the initial case to confirmation, the number of potential infections caused by the initial case, and the effects of the different interventions. RESULTS: From 18 to 25 October 2021, there were 12 patients with COVID-19 in Zunyi. Overall, the average age was 67.17 years-old, 8 patients were females, and 1 patient had an asymptomatic infection. The effectiveness of two-dose inactivated vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 infection was 16.7% (95% CI: 2.8% to 99.7%). The initial case was infected on 11 or 12 October 2021, 6.40 (95% CI: 6.37, 6.42; IQR: 4.92, 7.63) days before confirmation while the travelling in Lanzhou (Gansu Province). There were 10.07 (95% CI: 10.04, 10.09; IQR: 7.86, 11.93) potential secondary cases. When the effective vaccine coverage reached 60%, the probability of cumulative cases exceeding 20 was less than 8.77%, even if contact tracing was relaxed or eliminated. However, if the probability of tracing contacts decreased, earlier initiation of nucleic acid testing was necessary to control the outbreak. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 outbreak in Zunyi was controlled quickly due to moderately effective vaccine coverage and rapid contact tracing. For controlling localized outbreaks, vaccination and contact tracing seemed to be more effective than massive nucleic acid testing in the initial phase of transmission. However, if there is low effective vaccine coverage or insufficient contact tracing, nucleic acid testing should start earlier.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos , Vacinas , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Masculino , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Busca de Comunicante , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia
6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 304: 120483, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36641181

RESUMO

Hydrogel, as three-dimensional (3D) cell culture scaffold, is an effective strategy for tissue and organ regeneration due to their good biocompatibility, biodegradability and resemblance to body microenvironments in vivo. However, the inherent weak mechanical properties and strong shrinkage of hydrogels during cell culture hinder its application in clinical. In this study, a two-component thermo/photo dual-sensitive hydrogel (M/C) was prepared from methacrylated hydroxybutyl chitosan (MHBC) and chitin whisker (CHW) via physical and chemical cross-linking methods. M/C hydrogel showed a special internal structure with lamellar arrangement. The rheological properties of the hydrogels could be regulated with the change of M/C ratio. It is worth emphasizing that the mechanical properties, shrinkage resistance and cellular capacitances of the M/C hydrogel were improved with the addition of CHW. Moreover, the M/C hydrogel not only exhibited excellent degradability and antibacterial properties, but also significantly promoted the adhesion and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells in vitro. Therefore, the M/C hydrogel showed a wide application potential in tissue regeneration as a 3D cell culture scaffold.


Assuntos
Quitina , Quitosana , Animais , Quitina/farmacologia , Quitina/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/química , Tecidos Suporte/química , Vibrissas , Quitosana/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Técnicas de Cultura de Células em Três Dimensões , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
7.
Onco Targets Ther ; 16: 17-22, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698436

RESUMO

For advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with common epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations (exon 19 deletions or the exon 21 L858R mutation), tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the standard therapies. However, EGFR germline mutations are extremely rare in lung cancer, and the effective therapy is unclear. This study reports a patient with primary breast and lung cancer carried rare germline EGFR R776H and somatic L861Q mutation, who benefit from EGFR TKIs. Her family cancer history review demonstrated that her three out of four sisters with lung cancer were positive for EGFR R776H. Interestingly, only her healthy sister had type O blood, different from other sisters with type B blood. Our study provides a meaningful insight into the potential treatment option for patients with germline EGFR R776H and somatic L861Q mutation and highlights the importance of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in discovering rare genetic alterations to guide the prevention of genetic disease.

8.
Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol ; 265: 110829, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634815

RESUMO

Dynamic epigenetic changes during hibernation occur in some hibernating rodents, but these changes are poorly understood in hibernating bats. Populations of the greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) in north China hibernate and provide an opportunity to study how epigenetic markers and modifiers differ in the active and torpid states of a chiropteran. We used fluorescence-labeled methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism (F-MSAP) and qRT-PCR techniques to determine changes in the global DNA methylation levels and mRNA expression levels of methylation-related proteins. These included DNA methyltransferase (DNMTs), methyl-CpG-binding proteins (MBPs, including MBDs, UHRFs, and zinc-finger protein family) in active and torpid R. ferrumequinum. In the torpid state, both the relative global methylation and the relative mRNA expression levels of some DNMTs and MBPs, including dnmt3b and zbtb4, increased significantly compared to the expression levels of these in the active state. These changes may involve methylation or assist in regulation of a particular subset of genes according to hibernation status. This indicates that epigenetic mechanisms may exist and facilitate the hibernation process of R. ferrumequinum.

9.
Behav Res Ther ; 161: 104252, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645948

RESUMO

Patients with depression not only have to cope with depressive and physical symptoms but also face stigmatization due to mental illness. Pain is a clinical symptom of many patients with depression. However, it is unclear whether stigmatized experience associated with mental illness directly affects depressed patients' pain perception. Here, using the event reflection task, Study 1 (N = 95) examined whether stigmatized experiences due to depression would affect patients' self-reported pain assessment. Study 2 (N = 43) further employed thermal stimuli at different intensities to examine whether stigmatization would affect patients' evoked pain. We found that patients with depression who experienced stigmatization based on mental illness reported higher pain catastrophizing and performed increased pain perception for noxious stimuli than those who did not. Our studies provide first-hand experimental evidence of the effect of stigmatized experiences on depressed patients' pain perception. The findings contribute insights for improving clinical treatment, suggesting that interventions should minimize stigmatization associated with mental illness to help patients maintain healthier physical and psychological states.

10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 27(2): 304-308, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36573439

RESUMO

Evidence points to the indispensable function of alveolar macrophages (AMs) in normal lung development and tissue homeostasis. However, the importance of AMs in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has not been elucidated. Here, we identified a significant role of abnormal AM proliferation and polarization in alveolar dysplasia during BPD, which is closely related to the activation of the IL-33-ST2 pathway. Compared with the control BPD group, AMs depletion partially abolished the epithelialmesenchymal transition process of AECII and alleviated pulmonary differentiation arrest. In addition, IL-33 or ST2 knockdown has protective effects against lung injury after hyperoxia, which is associated with reduced AM polarization and proliferation. The protective effect disappeared following reconstitution of AMs in injured IL-33 knockdown mice, and the differentiation of lung epithelium was blocked again. In conclusion, the IL-33-ST2 pathway regulates AECII transdifferentiation by targeting AMs proliferation and polarization in BPD, which shows a novel strategy for manipulating the IL-33-ST2-AMs axis for the diagnosis and intervention of BPD.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Hiperóxia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Animais , Camundongos , Displasia Broncopulmonar/complicações , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Semelhante a Receptor de Interleucina-1/metabolismo , Transdiferenciação Celular , Interleucina-33/genética , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Animais Recém-Nascidos
11.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 127: 320-327, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522064

RESUMO

The high NO3- concentration in fine particulate matters (PM2.5) during heavy haze events has attracted much attention, but the formation mechanism of nitrates remains largely uncertain, especially concerning heterogeneous uptake of NOX by aqueous phase. In this work, the heterogeneous uptake of NO2 by sodium acetate (NaAc) droplets with different NO2 concentrations and relative humidity (RH) conditions is investigated by microscopic Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (micro-FTIR). The IR feature changes of aqueous droplets indicate the acetate depletion and nitrite formation in humid environment. This implies that acetate droplets can provide the alkaline aqueous circumstances caused by acetate hydrolysis and acetic acid (HAc) volatilization for nitrite formation during the NO2 heterogeneous uptake. Meanwhile, the nitrite formation will exhibit a pH neutralizing effect on acetate hydrolysis, further facilitating HAc volatilization and acetate depletion. The heterogeneous uptake coefficient increases from 5.2 × 10-6 to 1.27 × 10-5 as RH decreases from 90% to 60% due to the enhanced HAc volatilization. Furthermore, no obvious change in uptake coefficient with different NO2 concentrations is observed. This work may provide a new pathway for atmospheric nitrogen cycling and secondary nitrite aerosol formation.


Assuntos
Nitritos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio , Acetato de Sódio , Aerossóis/análise , Material Particulado , Água
12.
Food Funct ; 14(1): 399-412, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512065

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the preventive effect of Lycium barbarum L. berry extract on age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and the main components responsible for its antioxidant activity. An AMD mouse model was developed by feeding 18-month-old mice with a 1% hydroquinone diet. Meanwhile, the model mice were treated with water extract (LBW) and alcohol extract (LBE) of L. barbarum berries respectively for 3 months. It was found that the retinal structural abnormalities were improved and the oxidation stress and inflammatory imbalance were both attenuated in model mice treated with the extracts of L. barbarum berries. According to the metabolomics analysis of the serum of model mice, LBW regulated the metabolism of unsaturated fatty acids and sphingolipids, while LBE extracts tended to regulate taurine metabolism. On sodium iodate induced oxidative injury of ARPE-19 cells, water extracts of L. barbarum berries eluted with 95% ethanol (LBW-95E) on AB-8 macroporous resin significantly improved the cell viability and attenuated oxidative stress by increasing the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and glutathione (GSH) content, decreasing the reactive oxygen species (ROS) content, promoting the entry of nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (Nrf2) into the nucleus and up-regulating the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression. Scopoletin, N-trans-feruloyltyramine and perlolyrine were identified as the main components of LBW-95E. These results demonstrated that L. barbarum berry extracts protected the retina of aging AMD model mice from degeneration and LBW-95E was the vital antioxidant activity fraction of LBW. These findings suggest that L. barbarum berry extracts might be an excellent natural source for the development of retinal protection-related drugs or dietary supplements.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Lycium , Camundongos , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Lycium/química , Frutas , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Retina , Estresse Oxidativo , Glutationa , Água/farmacologia
13.
Phytochemistry ; 206: 113546, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36481318

RESUMO

Seven undescribed compounds, including a sesquiterpenoid derivative, a γ-lactone, four gingerols, and a dihydroferulic acid lactate were isolated from the rhizome of Zingiber officinale, and named gingerterpenoid G, gingerlactone A, zingibergingerols A-D and L-dihydroferulic acid lactate, respectively. Zingibergingerols (±)-B and (±)-C were two pairs of enantiomers. The structures of all compounds were determined by 1D-NMR, 2D-NMR and mass spectrometry. The absolute configurations were determined by comparison of the experimental and theoretically calculated ECD curves or X-ray single-crystal diffraction. Bioassay showed that gingerterpenoid G, gingerlactone A, and zingibergingerols A and B exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity in the model of LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells.


Assuntos
Gengibre , Gengibre/química , Rizoma/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Ácidos Cumáricos
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(22): 6199-6206, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471945

RESUMO

Metabolomics based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was employed to analyze the effect of Cyathulae Radix on serum and urine in rats with knee osteoarthritis, and to decipher the mechanism of Cyathulae Radix in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. SD rats were randomized into a normal group, a model group, a positive drug group, and a Cyathulae Radix group. The knee osteoarthritis model was established by injecting 2% pa-pain and 0.03 mol·L~(-1) cysteine, and the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3) in the model group was measured to preliminarily evaluate the therapeutic effect of Cyathulae Radix on knee osteoarthritis. UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS was employed to establish the metabolic profile of endogenous small molecule metabolites in the four groups. Potential biomarkers were screened out by multivariate analysis methods such as partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) in combination with t-test, variable importance for projection(VIP), and fold-change. The related metabolic pathways were enriched with the help of MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that Cyathulae Radix alleviated the general signs of rats with knee osteoarthritis, and reduced the levels of TNF-α and MMP-3 in the rat serum. Twenty-eight differential metabolites that might be associated with the therapeutic effect of Cyathulae Radix were screened out from serum and urine. They were mainly involved in arginine biosynthesis, nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, riboflavin metabolism, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, and pyrimidine metabolism. Through metabonomics analysis, this study predicted the possible mechanism of Cyathulae Radix in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, which laid a foundation for further research.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Ratos , Animais , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Metabolômica/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Biomarcadores
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(21): 5789-5796, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471996

RESUMO

Herbal pair is formed based on the experience summary of doctors' deep understanding and perception of the medicinal nature in long-term clinical practice. It gradually becomes the exquisite structural unit for preparing traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) prescriptions, and often plays a core bridge role in the prescription combination. Frankincense and myrrh are raw resin materials of incense abroad, which are subsequently included as Chinese medicinal herbs and endowed with rich medicinal connotation. With the functions of relaxing Zang-fu organs, activating blood and relieving pain, they have definite clinical efficacy. From the perspective of herbal description and clinical application, this study systematically analyzed the combination of frankincense and myrrh as well as their combination proportion, efficacy characterization, diseases and syndromes, effective components and action mechanism. On this basis, the focus of in-depth research of frankincense-myrrh and the application prospects were proposed, in order to further reveal the potential meditation law of this herbal pair, thus contributing to clinical practice and drug innovation of traditional Chinese medicine, and providing reference for understanding of TCM medicinal nature and research of herbal pairs.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Franquincenso , Humanos , Franquincenso/química , Commiphora , Resinas Vegetais/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
16.
Front Oncol ; 12: 903554, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452505

RESUMO

Background: Melanoma has dramatically increased during last 30 years with low 5-year survival and prognosis rate. Methods: Melanoma cells (A375 and G361) were chosen as the in vitro model. The immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis and bioinformatics mining exhibited the suppression of PCDH9 on melanoma. The interference and overexpression of PCDH9 were infected by lentivirus. The effects of PCDH9 on melanoma cells were assessed in terms of alteration of PCDH9 such as cell viability, apoptosis, cell cycle, and wound-healing assay. Moreover, expressions of PCDH9 with other genes (MMP2, MMP9, CCND1, and RAC1) were also assessed by PCR. Results: The alteration of PCDH9 has a negative correlation with MMP2, MMP9, and RAC1 but had a positive correlation with CCND1 (Cyclin D1) and apoptosis. Increase of PCDH9 could suppress melanoma cells and inhibit migration but not exert significant effects on cell cycle. IHC showed lower PCDH9 expression in melanoma tissue with main expression in cytoplasm. Conclusion: Overexpressed PCDH9 suppressed melanoma cells, and PCDH9 can be considered as an independent prognostic factor for melanoma; even re-expression of PCDH9 can serve as a potential therapeutic strategy for melanoma treatment.

17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 115987, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36455763

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tingli Dazao Decoction (TLDZD) recorded in "Synopsis of Prescriptions of the Golden Chamber" is a classical prescription used for the treatment of heart failure nowadays. The studies of TLDZD were mainly focused on clinical practice where the formula was usually combined with other medicinal herbs. Chemical composition and cardiovascular pharmacological research of TLDZD were still insufficient. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the chemical constituents of TLDZD, evaluate the effects of TLDZD on mitochondria of myocardial cells under oxidative stress, and identify its potential cardioprotective components. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chemical composition analysis of TLDZD was performed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry. An in vitro oxidative stress model of cardiomyocytes was established by treating H9c2 cells with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP). The impact of TLDZD and its components on the production of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial ROS (mROS), the level of malonaldehyde as well as the structure and function of mitochondria were evaluated. The effect of TLDZD on AKT/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in cardiomyocytes under oxidative stress were observed. RESULTS: Seventy-eight compounds were characterized from TLDZD, among which flavonoids, glucosinolates and phenylpropanoids were abundant, and a small number of cardiac glycosides and alkaloids also existed in TLDZD. Pretreatment with TLDZD significantly attenuated cell death, accompanied by decreased ROS and mROS production, reduced malonaldehyde level, lower mitochondrial membrane potential and adenosine triphosphate content in H9c2 cells stimulated with tBHP. The active components were mainly flavonoids of TLZ represented by quercetin-3-O-ß-D-glucose-7-O-ß-D-gentiobioside. In mechanism, the cardioprotective effect of TLDZD was proved to be associated with the activation of the AKT/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: The chemical profile of TLDZD was comprehensively investigated. Flavonoids with quercetin-3-O-ß-D-glucose-7-O-ß-D-gentiobioside as the representative, were the main component in TLDZD responsible for attenuating mitochondrial oxidative damage in cardiomyocytes.

18.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 5266627, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36506936

RESUMO

The connection between the cellular microenvironment and tumor cells is crucial for tumor progression. However, the process by which normal fibroblasts (NFs) become cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) is unknown, and mounting evidence suggests that some microRNAs (miRNAs) have an important role in converting NFs into CAFs. Breast cancer (BC) has been proven to have enhanced miR-425-5p expression in order to support progression. We discovered that human mammary fibroblasts (HMFs) could uptake BC cell line-derived exosomes to change their properties, promoting the switch to the CAF phenotype and increasing cell motility, as evidenced by an increase in CAF activation-related marker protein expression and cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Transfection of exosomes is obtained from BC cells, and miR-425-5p inhibitors suppressed the aforementioned effects as well as lowered chemokine levels and gene expression related with proliferation and metastasis. By suppressing the expression of its target gene TGFßRII (TGFß1 receptor), miR-425-5p enhanced the transition of HMFs to the CAF phenotype. MDA-MB-231 cells and CAFs stimulated by HMF absorption of MDA-MB-23-derived exosomes showed similar proliferation, invasion, migration, and expression of -SMA, FAP, CXCL1, IL-6, TGFß1, P21, P27, Ki67, vimentin, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, α-catenin, fibronectin, and MMP-2. TGFß1 overexpression enhanced ROS production. Finally, we found that HMFs transiently transfected with miR-425-5p can promote tumor growth in vivo. Finally, these findings provide fresh insight on miR-425-5p as an important mediator of the interaction between BC cells and stroma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Feminino , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Microambiente Tumoral
19.
BMC Pediatr ; 22(1): 718, 2022 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infection is a major cause of death in children, and it is particularly important to identify biological indicators of early infection. Previous studies showed that the neutrophil CD64 (nCD64) index may be a useful biomarker for infection. The purpose of this study was to investigate use of the nCD64 index to identify infection in children from a pediatric ICU (PICU) in China. METHODS: This prospective observational study enrolled 201 children who were admitted to our PICU and were divided into an infection group and a non-infection group. In each patient, C-reactive protein (CRP), nCD64 index, procalcitonin (PCT), and white blood cell count were measured during the first 24 h after admission. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were used to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic value of the nCD64 index for infection. RESULTS: Among all 201 children, the infection group had greater levels of CRP, nCD64 index, and PCT (all p < 0.05). ROC analysis indicated the nCD64 index had a sensitivity of 68.8%, specificity of 90.7%, accuracy of 80.5%, and an optimal cut-off value of 0.14, which had better diagnostic value than CRP or PCT. For children with postoperative fever, the nCD64 index also distinguished systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) from infection with accuracy of 79%. CONCLUSIONS: The nCD64 index is a useful biomarker for the diagnosis of early infection in children admitted to the PICU.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Sepse , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de IgG/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Curva ROC , Biomarcadores , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Pró-Calcitonina , Doenças Transmissíveis/metabolismo , Sepse/diagnóstico
20.
J Mol Cell Biol ; 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36484686

RESUMO

Cancer cell metabolism reprogramming is one of the hallmarks of cancer. Cancer cells preferentially utilize aerobic glycolysis, which is regulated by activated oncogenes and the tumor microenvironment. Extracellular matrix (ECM) in the tumor microenvironment, including the basement membranes (BMs), is dynamically remodeled. However, whether and how ECM regulates tumor glycolysis is largely unknown. We show that type IV collagens, components of BMs essential for the tissue integrity and proper function, are differentially expressed in breast cancer subtypes that α5 chain (α5(IV)) is preferentially expressed in the luminal type breast cancer and is regulated by estrogen receptor-α. α5(IV) is indispensable for luminal breast cancer development. Ablation of α5(IV) significantly reduces the growth of luminal type breast cancer cells and impedes the development of luminal type breast cancer. Impaired cell growth and tumor development capability of α5(IV)-ablated luminal breast cancer cells is attributed to the reduced expression of glucose transporter and glycolytic enzymes and impaired glycolysis in luminal breast cancer cells. Non-integrin collagen receptor discoidin domain receptor-1 (DDR1) expression and p38 MAPK activation are attenuated in α5(IV)-ablated luminal breast cancer cells, resulting in the reduced c-Myc oncogene expression and phosphorylation. Ectopic expression of constitutively active DDR1 or c-Myc restores the expression of glucose transporter and glycolytic enzymes, and thereafter restores aerobic glycolysis, cell proliferation, and tumor growth of luminal breast cancer. Thus, type IV collagen α5 chain is luminal type breast cancer-specific microenvironmental regulator modulating cancer cell metabolism.

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