Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 15 de 15
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294676

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate pesticide residues in bell peppers from Shandong Province, China. A total of 299 samples were collected from 17 cities in 2016. The concentrations of 26 pesticide residues were determined by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results showed that there were 25 pesticides (15 OPs, 7 PYs, 3 CBs) found in 86 bell pepper samples, and the total number of positives was 120. The total frequency was 28.76%. The detection frequency for OPs, PYs and CBs was 16.39%, 12.37% and 3.01%, respectively. The most frequently detected pesticide was bifenthrin, with the frequency of 5.02%. 5.35% of samples contained pesticide residues above the maximum residue limits (MRLs) set by China. 7.36% of samples contained more than one pesticide. The values of %ADI were below 100, while the %ARfD of carbofuran and methidathion exceeded 100 for children. The cumulative risk was highest for OPs. From the public health point of view, the levels of pesticide residues in bell peppers do not pose a serious health risk to adults, but the acute health risk to children should be paid more attention.


Assuntos
Capsicum/química , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Piretrinas/análise , Adulto , Criança , China , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Controle de Qualidade , Medição de Risco , Extração em Fase Sólida
2.
Iran J Public Health ; 48(4): 722-729, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31110983

RESUMO

Background: In order to generate data on the burden of foodborne diseases in Shandong Province, we aimed to use the case monitoring data of foodborne diseases from 2016 to 2017 to estimate. Methods: Data were obtained from the foodborne disease surveillance reporting system with dates of onset from Jan 1, 2016, to Dec 31, 2017, in Shandong, China. Results: The places of food exposure were categorized by settings as follows: private home, catering facility, collective canteens, retail markets, rural banquets and other. Exposed food is divided into 23 categories. Overall incidence rate and proportions by exposure categories, age, and sex-specific incidence rates were calculated and sex proportions compared. Approximately 75.00% of cases who had at least one exposure settings were in private homes. The most frequently reported exposed food was a variety of food (meaning more than two kinds of food). The two-year average incidence rate was 75.78/100,000, sex-specific incidence rate was much higher for females compared to males (78.23 vs. 74.69 cases per 100,000 population). An age-specific trend was observed in the cases reported (Chi-Square for linear trend, χ2=4.39, P=0.036<0.05). Conclusion: A preliminary estimate of 14 million cases of foodborne diseases in Shandong province each year. Future studies should focus on cross-sectional and cohort studies to facilitate the assessment of the distribution and burden of foodborne disease of the population in Shandong. Considering strengthening the burden of foodborne diseases in foodborne disease surveillance is also a feasible way.

3.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 47(5): 833-835, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30593315

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of nonylphenol dietary exposure in vegetable oils of 6 cities in Shandong Province and to evaluate the contribution of risk. METHODS: The data of Total Dietary Study and Health Status Survey of Shandong Province and nonylphenol test data were used to evaluate the exposure. A total of 3468 people from6 cities of Shandong province were selected for food survey by stratified multistage cluster random sampling method in 2014-2015. The consumption of vegetable oil was investigated by weighing and accounting method. Nonylphenol content in dietary samples was detected by high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry( HPLC-MS). RESULTS: The exposure level of nonylphenol in vegetable oil was 0-0. 44 µg/kg, and the risk index of the highest point of exposure was 0. 088. CONCLUSION: Risk caused by vegetable oil intake of nonylphenol in Shandong Province 6 city residents is extremely low.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Alimentos , Fenóis , Óleos Vegetais , Medição de Risco , China , Cidades
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(45): e13142, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30407341

RESUMO

Foodborne disease is a major public health concern in both developed and developing countries. China has established a nationwide Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System (FDOSS) for collection and periodic reporting of data on the occurrence and causes of foodborne disease outbreaks in China. Each provincial Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducts the system working.We reviewed foodborne disease outbreaks that occurred during 2011 to 2016 in Shandong Province from the FDOSS. The Wilcoxon test was used to compare the median number of ill persons in outbreaks. All data analysis was performed using Epi Info 7.During 2011 to 2016, Shandong CDC received reports of 1043 foodborne disease outbreaks, resulting in 8078 illnesses, 2442 hospitalizations, and 17 deaths. There were a median of 69 outbreaks annually [interquartile range (IQR) 10-342], resulting in 335 to 3824 illnesses each year. The median outbreak size was 3 persons (IQR 2-7). Hotels (including cruise ships, hotpot restaurants, barbecue shops) were the most common setting. Among the 744 (71.3%) outbreaks with an implicated food or contaminated ingredient reported, 704 (94.6%) could be assigned to one of 17 predefined commodity categories. Of the 280 outbreaks with a known etiology, 117 (41.8%) were caused by poisonous plants and animals and their toxins, 39 (13.9) were caused by nitrite, and 27 (9.6%) were caused by vibrio parahaemolyticus. Of the 491 (47.1%) outbreaks with at least a contributing factor to cause outbreak, 168 (34.2%) were caused by improper processing, and 100 (20.4) were caused by inedible and misuse.Timely investigation, disposal and reporting of foodborne disease outbreaks provides information that might help FDOSS to make full use of efficiency and FDOSS should be continued and strengthened even more in Shandong Province, such as an increase in diagnostic laboratory capacities.


Assuntos
Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/mortalidade , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
5.
Br J Nutr ; 120(3): 250-258, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29789028

RESUMO

To assess the changes in the relationship between serum Mg and blood lipids of Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) or central obesity, a total of 8163 subjects (mean age 59·6 years, 54·9 % men) were analysed. Participants were classified according to blood Mg (below 0·65 mmol/l, 0·65-0·95 mmol/l and above 0·95 mmol/l), T2D (yes/no) and central obesity (yes/no). Blood lipids (TAG, total cholesterol (TC), HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol) were determined by standardised methods and conditions. A significant increase in blood lipids, with the exception of HDL-cholesterol, across progressive Mg groups in all subjects was noted (P0·05). TAG, TC, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were significantly higher among subjects with T2D than those without T2D (P<0·05). Multivariable models for TAG and LDL-cholesterol failed to attain statistical significance in diabetics, by using a generalised linear or parsimonious model. TAG, TC, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were significantly higher among subjects with T2D or central obesity. Blood lipids, with the exception of HDL-cholesterol, were associated with serum Mg, but this association was somehow influenced by T2D in LDL-cholesterol. In addition, multivariable models for both TAG and LDL-cholesterol failed to attain statistical significance among subjects with T2D, different from subjects without T2D.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Lipídeos/sangue , Magnésio/sangue , Obesidade Abdominal/sangue , Glicemia/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Magnésio/química , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estado Nutricional , Obesidade/sangue , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Circunferência da Cintura
6.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 17249, 2017 12 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29222520

RESUMO

Previous results regarding the associations between esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC) risk and smoking/alcohol drinking in high-risk areas are inconsistent. We performed a large population-based case-control study from 2010 to 2013 in a high-incidence area of China, and enrolled 1353 ESCC cases and 1961 controls. Data regarding smoking and alcohol drinking were collected via face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire. Odd ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression models. After adjusting for alcohol drinking and other potential confounders, male heavy smokers (i.e., those who started smoked more than 20 cigarettes per day or 40 pack-years, or started smoking early), showed a moderately increased risk for ESCC; however, current smoking was not associated with an increased risk. Alcohol drinking among males significantly increased the risk for ESCC (OR = 2.20, 95%CI:1.79~2.70). We observed increasing excess ESCC risks with decreasing age at behavior initiation as well as with increasing duration and intensity of alcohol intake, which were particularly evident among current smokers. In contrast, neither smoking nor alcohol drinking was not associated with ESCC risk among females. In conclusion, alcohol drinking shows a monotonic dose-response relationship with ESCC risk among men, and this relationship is particularly evident among smokers.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/epidemiologia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco
7.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 9772, 2017 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28852170

RESUMO

To investigate the concentrations of rare earth elements in cereals and assess human health risk through cereal consumption, a total of 327 cereal samples were collected from rare earth mining area and control area in Shandong, China. The contents of 14 rare earth elements were determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The medians of total rare earth elements in cereals from mining and control areas were 74.22 µg/kg and 47.83 µg/kg, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The wheat had the highest rare earth elements concentrations (109.39 µg/kg and 77.96 µg/kg for mining and control areas, respectively) and maize had the lowest rare earth elements concentrations (42.88 µg/kg and 30.25 µg/kg for mining and control areas, respectively). The rare earth elements distribution patterns for both areas were characterized by enrichment of light rare earth elements. The health risk assessment demonstrated that the estimated daily intakes of rare earth elements through cereal consumption were considerably lower than the acceptable daily intake (70 µg/kg bw). The damage to adults can be neglected, but more attention should be paid to the effects of continuous exposure to rare earth elements on children.


Assuntos
Grão Comestível/química , Meio Ambiente , Metais Terras Raras/análise , Mineração , Medição de Risco , China , Humanos
8.
Chemosphere ; 168: 578-582, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27842718

RESUMO

To investigate the concentrations of rare earth elements in vegetables and assess human health risk through vegetable consumption, a total of 301 vegetable samples were collected from mining area and control area in Shandong, China. The contents of 14 rare earth elements were determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The total rare earth elements in vegetables from mining and control areas were 94.08 µg kg-1 and 38.67 µg kg-1, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). The leaf vegetable had the highest rare earth elements concentration (984.24 µg kg-1 and 81.24 µg kg-1 for mining and control areas, respectively) and gourd vegetable had the lowest rare earth elements concentration (37.34 µg kg-1 and 24.63 µg kg-1 for mining and control areas, respectively). For both areas, the rare earth elements concentration in vegetables declined in the order of leaf vegetable > taproot vegetable > alliaceous vegetable > gourd vegetable. The rare earth elements distribution patterns for both areas were characterized by enrichment of light rare earth elements. The health risk assessment demonstrated that the estimated daily intakes (0.69 µg kg-1 d-1 and 0.28 µg kg-1 d-1 for mining and control areas, respectively) of rare earth elements through vegetable consumption were significantly lower than the acceptable daily intake (70 µg kg-1 d-1). The damage to adults can be neglected, but more attention should be paid to the effects of continuous exposure to low levels of rare earth elements on children.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Metais Terras Raras/análise , Mineração , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Verduras/química , Adulto , Criança , China , Humanos , Nível de Efeito Adverso não Observado , Medição de Risco
9.
Sci Rep ; 5: 16038, 2015 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26526791

RESUMO

A population-based case-control was performed to explore familial aggregation of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Family history of cancer was assessed by a structured questionnaire, and from which 2 cohorts of relatives of cases and controls were reconstructed. Unconditional logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards regression were applied for case-control design and reconstructed cohort design, respectively. We observed a close to doubled risk of ESCC associated with a positive family history of esophageal cancer among first degree relatives (odds ratio [OR] = 1.85, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.42-2.41), after adjusting age, sex, family size and other confounders. The excess risks of ESCC increased with the increasing of first-degree relatives affected by esophageal cancer (p < 0.001). In particular, those individuals whose both parents with esophageal cancer had an 8-fold excess risk of ESCC (95% CI: 1.74-36.32). The reconstructed cohort analysis showed that the cumulative risk of esophageal cancer to age 75 was 12.2% in the first-degree relatives of cases and 7.0% in those of controls (hazard ratio = 1.91, 95% CI: 1.54-2.37). Our results suggest family history of esophageal cancer significantly increases the risk for ESCC. Future studies are needed to understand how the shared genetic susceptibility and/or environmental exposures contribute to the observed excess risk.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
10.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 15(16): 6863-9, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25169538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Several preclinical and observational studies have shown that anti-diabetic medications (ADMs) may modify the risk of lung cancer. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the effect of metformin, sulfonylureas (SUs), thiazolidinediones (TZDs), and insulin on the risk of lung cancer in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of Pubmed and Web of Science, up to August 20, 2013. We also searched the Conference Proceedings Citation Index (CPCI) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for abstracts from major meetings. Fixed or random effect pooled measures were selected based on heterogeneity among studies, which was evaluated using Q test and the I2 of Higgins and Thompson. Meta-regression was used to explore the sources of between-study heterogeneity. Publication bias was analyzed by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's regression test. Associations were assessed by odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: A total of 15 studies (11 cohort, 4 case-control) were included in this meta-analysis. In observational studies no significant association between metformin (n=11 studies; adjusted OR=0.99, 95%CI: 0.87-1.12), SUs (n=5 studies; adjusted OR=0.98, 95%CI: 0.79-1.22), or TZDs (n=7 studies; adjusted OR=0.92, 95%CI: 0.75-1.13), insulin (n=6 studies; adjusted OR=1.13, 95%CI: 0.79-1.62) use and risk of developing lung cancer was noted. There was considerable inherent heterogeneity between studies not explained by study design, setting, or location. CONCLUSIONS: Meta-analysis of existing studies does not support a protective or harmful association between ADMs use and risk of lung cancer in patients with DM. There was considerable heterogeneity across studies, and future, well-designed, prospective studies would be required for better understanding of any association.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/efeitos adversos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Humanos , Insulina/efeitos adversos , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Metformina/efeitos adversos , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Sulfonilureia/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Sulfonilureia/uso terapêutico , Tiazolidinedionas/efeitos adversos , Tiazolidinedionas/uso terapêutico
11.
PLoS One ; 8(12): e83059, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24376633

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and the MBL2 gene with type 2 diabetes and diabetic nephropathy and the influence of MBL2 polymorphisms on serum MBL levels. METHODS: The study population included 675 type 2 diabetic patients with or without nephropathy and 855 normoglycemic controls. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of rs1800450, rs1800451, and rs11003125 of the MBL2 gene were determined by the Multiplex Snapshot method. Serum MBL levels were measured by enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay. RESULTS: Rs1800450 and rs11003125 SNPs demonstrated strong linkage disequilibrium in the study population (r(2) = 0.97). The haplotypes constructed from the G allele of rs1800450 and the C allele of rs11003125 increased the risk for type 2 diabetes (OR = 1.2, 95% CI = 1.1-1.4, P = 0.01). For rs1800450, GG and GA genotypes were associated with type 2 diabetes (P = 0.02, 0.01, respectively). For rs11003125, the GC genotype frequency was significantly different between patients and controls (18.1% vs. 24.9%, P = 0.001). Analyses of genotypes and allele frequency distributions among patients with normal UAE, microalbuminuria, and macroalbuminuria showed that there was no obvious evidence of association between the MBL2 gene and diabetic nephropathy. Subjects with the GG genotype of rs1800450 and the CC genotype of rs11003125 had much higher serum MBL levels. CONCLUSIONS: The rs1800450 and rs11003125 SNPs of the MBL2 gene have strong linkage disequilibrium and are associated with type 2 diabetes in the North Chinese Han population. No association was observed between the MBL2 gene and diabetic nephropathy. Subjects with the GG genotype of rs1800450 and the CC genotype of rs11003125 had much higher serum MBL levels. An association between elevated serum MBL and diabetic nephropathy was also observed.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Genótipo , Lectina de Ligação a Manose/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etnologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/sangue , Nefropatias Diabéticas/etnologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Masculino , Lectina de Ligação a Manose/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 29(6): 709-14, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23225056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of mannose-binding lectin 2 gene (MBL2) (rs1800450, rs1800451 and rs11003125) and protein kinase C-beta 1 gene (PRKC beta 1) (rs3700106, rs2575390) with diabetic macroangiopathy in northern Chinese Han population. METHODS: The samples have included 318 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and 448 normoglycemic controls. The five SNPs were determined by a Multiplex SnaPshot method. Biochemical indices such as fasting plasma-glucose, triglyceride and total cholesterol were also measured. Linkage disequilibrium and haplotype analysis were carried out for all samples using Haploview 4.2. Additive model was applied to assess the effect of interaction between SNPs and environment factors on macrovascular complications. RESULTS: Genotypic frequencies of rs11003125 have differed significantly between the controls and patients with coronary heart disease and peripheral vascular disease (P=0.024 and 0.004, respectively). The allele frequency of rs11003125 was also statistically significant between the two groups (P=0.014 and 0.001, respectively). Compared with patients without macrovascular complications, the allele frequency of rs11003125 was significantly different in patients with peripheral vascular disease (P=0.031). No significant differences were found between the distribution of the genotype frequency and allele frequencies of other variants. Haplotype analysis indicated that, compared with controls and patients without macrovascular complications, individuals with G allele of rs1800450 and C allele of rs11003125 had a higher risk for macrovascular complications. CONCLUSION: The rs11003125 polymorphism located in the promoter region of MBL2 gene is associated with macrovascular complications of T2DM in northern Chinese Han population. G allele of rs1800450 and C allele of rs11003125 may be risk factors for macrovascular complications. There were additive interactive effects for rs11003125 polymorphism (GC+CC) and hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic neuropathy and diabetic retinopathy on macrovascular complications.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Angiopatias Diabéticas/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Lectina de Ligação a Manose/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína Quinase C/genética , Alelos , China/etnologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etnologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/etnologia , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteína Quinase C beta
13.
PLoS One ; 7(11): e48341, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23139777

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproducibility and validity of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) developed to investigate the relationship between dietary factors and diseases in the adult Chinese population in East China. METHODS: A total of 78 males and 129 females aged 30-75 years completed four inconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls (24-HRs, served as a reference method) and two FFQs (FFQ1 and FFQ2) over a nine-month interval. The reproducibility of the FFQ was estimated with correlation coefficients, cross-classification, and weighted kappa statistic. The validity was assessed by comparing the data obtained from FFQ and 24-HRs. RESULTS: The median nutrient intakes assessed with FFQs were higher than the average of four 24-HRs. For the food groups, Spearman, Pearson, and intraclass correlation coefficients between FFQ1 and FFQ2 ranged from 0.23 to 0.61, 0.27 to 0.64, and 0.26 to 0.65, respectively. For total energy and nutrient intakes, the corresponding coefficients ranged from 0.25 to 0.61, 0.28 to 0.64, and 0.28 to 0.62, respectively. The correlations between FFQ1 and FFQ2 for most nutrients decreased after adjustment with total energy intake. More than 70% of the subjects were classified into the same and adjacent categories by both FFQs. For food groups, the crude, energy-adjusted, and de-attenuated Spearman correlation coefficients between FFQ2 and the 24-HRs ranged from 0.17 to 0.59, 0.10 to 0.57, and 0.11 to 0.64, respectively. For total energy and nutrient intakes, the corresponding coefficients ranged from 0.20 to 0.58, 0.08 to 0.54, and 0.09 to 0.56, respectively. More than 67% of the subjects were classified into the same and adjacent categories by both instruments. Both weighted kappa statistic and Bland-Altman Plots showed reasonably acceptable agreement between the FFQ2 and 24-HRs. CONCLUSION: The FFQ developed for adults in the Taizhou area is reasonably reliable and valid for assessment of most food and nutrient intakes.


Assuntos
Inquéritos sobre Dietas/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Alimentar , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , China , Carboidratos da Dieta/farmacologia , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
14.
Gene ; 495(2): 194-8, 2012 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22244745

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate associations of two candidate gene SNPs of the endocannabinoid receptor type 1 gene (CNR1) with overweight, obesity and obesity-related traits in Chinese retired women. The study subjects were a subsample of the Taizhou Retiree Women Cohort, consisting of 2812 retired women aged 50-64 years recruited from Taizhou, Jiangsu, China. Neither rs2023239 nor rs806381 polymorphism was significantly associated with body mass index-defined overweight and obesity or waist-to-hip-ratio-defined obesity. For obesity-related traits, rs2023239 was significantly associated with glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) (median, 18.00 vs 17.00 for TT and TC genotypes, respectively, P=0.043). The rs806381 also showed significant association with triglyceride (TG) (mean±SD, 1.46±0.20 vs 1.53±0.20 for GA and GG+AA genotypes, respectively, P=0.013) under the dominant genetic model. In conclusion, the rs2023239 and rs806381 polymorphisms of CNR1 were not associated with increased overweight and obesity risk. But the rs2023239 polymorphism was significantly associated with GPT, and the rs806381 polymorphism was significantly associated with TG.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Obesidade/genética , Sobrepeso/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/genética , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Relação Cintura-Quadril
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 32(9): 930-5, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22340886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the mannose-binding-lectin 2 (MBL2) gene was associated with type 2 diabetes in the populations living the northern part of China. METHODS: The study involved 318 type 2 diabetic patients and 448 normoglycemic controls. The variances of rs1800450, rs1800451 and rs11003125 were determined by the Multiplex SNaPshot method. Fasting blood-glucose, triglyceride and total cholesterol were also measured. All of these results were analyzed by logistic regression method. Linkage disequilibrium and Haplotype measures were computed in all samples using Haploview. RESULTS: There seemed no mutation on rs1800451 while the rs1800450 and rs11003125 polymorphism was consistent with Hardy-Weinberg expectations in both the case and the control groups. Genotypes and allele frequencies of rs1800450 as well as rs11003125 were observed (P = 0.006, P = 0.003) and (P = 0.010, P = 0.004), respectively. Data from logistic regression analysis revealed that factors as overweight, abdominal obesity, hypercholesterolemia, GG genotype frequencies of Exon1 rs1800450 polymorphism as well as (GC + CC) genotype frequencies of rs11003125 polymorphism in MBL2 conferred increased risks for type 2 diabetes. Haplotype analyses of the two SNPs (rs1800450, rs11003125) revealed similar effects as compared with the single SNP associations. Only haplotype constructed from GC alleles conferred increased trends for type 2 diabetes (OR = 2.21, 95%CI: 1.47 - 3.33, P = 0.000). CONCLUSION: Our result suggested that the Exon1 rs1800450 polymorphism and promoter region rs11003125 polymorphism in MBL2 gene were both associated with type 2 diabetes in the Chinese population living in the northern areas of China. The G allele of rs1800450 and C allele of rs11003125 might be the risk factors of type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Lectina de Ligação a Manose/genética , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etnologia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA