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1.
Perfusion ; : 2676591211001791, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thromboembolism and bleeding contribute to Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)'s morbidity and mortality and are also frequent complications of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vvECMO). As the interaction of the underlying pathologies caused by vvECMO in COVID-19 is barely understood, we designed this study to better differentiate coagulation disorders in COVID-19 patients before, during and after vvECMO-support. METHODS: Observational case series, six consecutive patients with Coronavirus acute respiratory distress syndrome supported with vvECMO treated in the anaesthesiologic ICU in a third level University ECMO-centre. We measured routine coagulation parameters and assessed coagulation factors. We also conducted advanced von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimer analysis, platelet aggregometry and immunological screening. RESULTS: We identified various phases of coagulation disorders: Initially, intensely activated coagulation with highly increased VWF and factor VIII activity in acute COVID-19, then severe acquired von Willebrand syndrome and platelet dysfunction during vvECMO leading to spontaneous bleeding and finally, hypercoagulopathy after vvECMO explantation. Five of six patients developed immunological abnormalities enhancing coagulation. CONCLUSIONS: Coronavirus-induced coagulopathy and bleeding disorders during vvECMO cannot be discriminated via 'routine' coagulation tests. Precise and specific analyses followed by the appropriate treatment of coagulation disorders may help us develop tailored therapeutic concepts to better manage the phases described above.

2.
Blood Adv ; 5(2): 549-564, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496751

RESUMO

Gray platelet syndrome (GPS) is an autosomal recessive bleeding disorder characterized by a lack of α-granules in platelets and progressive myelofibrosis. Rare loss-of-function variants in neurobeachin-like 2 (NBEAL2), a member of the family of beige and Chédiak-Higashi (BEACH) genes, are causal of GPS. It is suggested that BEACH domain containing proteins are involved in fusion, fission, and trafficking of vesicles and granules. Studies in knockout mice suggest that NBEAL2 may control the formation and retention of granules in neutrophils. We found that neutrophils obtained from the peripheral blood from 13 patients with GPS have a normal distribution of azurophilic granules but show a deficiency of specific granules (SGs), as confirmed by immunoelectron microscopy and mass spectrometry proteomics analyses. CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from patients with GPS differentiated into mature neutrophils also lacked NBEAL2 expression but showed similar SG protein expression as control cells. This is indicative of normal granulopoiesis in GPS and identifies NBEAL2 as a potentially important regulator of granule release. Patient neutrophil functions, including production of reactive oxygen species, chemotaxis, and killing of bacteria and fungi, were intact. NETosis was absent in circulating GPS neutrophils. Lack of NETosis is suggested to be independent of NBEAL2 expression but associated with SG defects instead, as indicated by comparison with HSC-derived neutrophils. Since patients with GPS do not excessively suffer from infections, the consequence of the reduced SG content and lack of NETosis for innate immunity remains to be explored.

3.
Blood Cells Mol Dis ; 87: 102526, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bleeding is a common but possibly underreported side effect of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO). Impairment of primary hemostasis by acquired von Willebrand syndrome (aVWS) and platelet dysfunction as well as activation and consumption of plasmatic coagulation factors contribute to hemorrhage. The aim of the present cohort study of consecutively enrolled patients admitted to our ECMO center was to collect demographic, medical and laboratory data possibly associated with i) development of clinically relevant bleeding and/or ii) death during a 12-months follow-up. RESULTS: Within a 3-year period 338 white patients aged 18-89 years (median: 60; male 64.5%) were enrolled. 78 of 338 patients (23%) presented with clinical relevant bleeding symptoms. The overall death rate was 74.6% within a median time of 9 days (1-229) post intervention. Logistic-regression analysis adjusted for age and gender revealed that i) the presence of blood group O versus non-O (Odds ratio (OR)/95%CI: 1.9/1.007-3.41), ECMO duration per day (1.1/1.06-1.14), veno-venous versus veno-arterial ECMO cannulation (2.33/1.2-4.5) and the overall need for blood product administered per unit (1.02/1.016-1.028) was independenly associated with bleeding in patients suffering from aVWS. ii) Older age (increase per year) at ECMO start (1.015/1.012-1.029) and an increasing amount of blood product units were significantly related with death (1.007/1.001-1.013). Patients with veno-venous versus veno-arterial cannulation survived longer (0.48/0.24-0.94). CONCLUSION: In the present cohort study we found a clinical relevant bleeding rate of 23% in subjects with aVWS associated with blood group O, a longer ECMO duration and veno-venous cannulation.

4.
Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202444

RESUMO

Septins (Septs) are a widely expressed protein family of 13 mammalian members, recognized as a unique component of the cytoskeleton. In human platelets, we previously described that SEPT4 and SEPT8 are localized surrounding α-granules and move to the platelet surface after activation, indicating a possible role in platelet physiology. In this study, we investigated the impact of Sept8 on platelet function in vitro using Sept8-deficient mouse platelets. Deletion of Sept8 in mouse platelets caused a pronounced defect in activation of the fibrinogen receptor integrin αIIbß3, α-granule exocytosis, and aggregation, especially in response to the glycoprotein VI agonist convulxin. In contrast, δ-granule and lysosome exocytosis of Sept8-deficient platelets was comparable to wild-type platelets. Sept8-deficient platelet binding to immobilized fibrinogen under static conditions was diminished and spreading delayed. The procoagulant activity of Sept8-deficient platelets was reduced in response to convulxin as determined by lactadherin binding. Also thrombin generation was decreased relative to controls. Thus, Sept8 is required for efficient integrin αIIbß3 activation, α-granule release, platelet aggregation, and contributes to platelet-dependent thrombin generation. These results revealed Sept8 as a modulator of distinct platelet functions involved in primary and secondary hemostatic processes.

5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11389, 2020 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32647264

RESUMO

Patients diagnosed with pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia (PHP Ia) suffer from hormonal resistance and abnormal postural features, in a condition classified as Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) syndrome. This syndrome is linked to a maternally inherited mutation in the GNAS complex locus, encoding for the GTPase subunit Gsα. Here, we investigated how platelet phenotype and omics analysis can assist in the often difficult diagnosis. By coupling to the IP receptor, Gsα induces platelet inhibition via adenylyl cyclase and cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA). In platelets from seven patients with suspected AHO, one of the largest cohorts examined, we studied the PKA-induced phenotypic changes. Five patients with a confirmed GNAS mutation, displayed impairments in Gsα-dependent VASP phosphorylation, aggregation, and microfluidic thrombus formation. Analysis of the platelet phosphoproteome revealed 2,516 phosphorylation sites, of which 453 were regulated by Gsα-PKA. Common changes in the patients were: (1) a joint panel of upregulated and downregulated phosphopeptides; (2) overall PKA dependency of the upregulated phosphopeptides; (3) links to key platelet function pathways. In one patient with GNAS mutation, diagnosed as non-AHO, the changes in platelet phosphoproteome were reversed. This combined approach thus revealed multiple phenotypic and molecular biomarkers to assist in the diagnosis of suspected PHP Ia.

6.
Acta Myol ; 39(1): 2-12, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32607473

RESUMO

Different complications of hemostasis have been reported in patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). These comprise an increased rate of bleeding-symptoms during scoliosis surgery but also thromboembolic complications such as pulmonary embolism, cerebral infarction, deep vein thrombosis or cardiac thrombus. For this cross-sectional study, personalized online survey-links were forwarded to 682 registered patients with a genetically confirmed diagnosis of DMD via the German-Austrian DMD patient registry (www.dmd-register.de). The questionnaire enquired data regarding the degree of mobility, disposition to hematoma, epistaxis and gum bleeding, occurrence of peri- and postsurgical hemorrhage, stroke, deep vein thrombosis, and cardiac thromboembolism. Further data on regular medication and age were recorded. Three-hundred-fifty-one DMD-patients completed the questionnaire (response rate of 51.5%). Of those, 164 (46.7%) were ambulatory and 187 (53.3%) were non-ambulatory. Age distribution was homogeneous. Two participants had a history of thromboembolic events (0.6%). Correlations analysis revealed no coherence with the degree of mobility, age or regular medication. A bleeding tendency was reported by 76 participants (21.7%). No significant correlations with age or degree of mobility were found. We found no association with underlying genetic variants. Results of this patient registry-based survey do not indicate a distinct DMD-specific risk for thromboembolic events that exceeds the risk by typical comorbidities of chronic immobility and cardiac insufficiency in advanced stages of the disease. The results of this survey suggest a mild bleeding tendency in this DMD cohort, whereas a selection bias cannot be excluded.

7.
Haemophilia ; 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476241

RESUMO

Acquired bleeding disorders can accompany hematological, neoplastic, autoimmune, cardiovascular or liver diseases, but can sometimes also arise spontaneously. They can manifest as single factor deficiencies or as complex hemostatic abnormalities. This review addresses (a) acquired hemophilia A, an autoimmune disorder characterized by inhibitory autoantibodies against coagulation factor VIII; (b) acquired von Willebrand syndrome in patients with cardiovascular disorders, where shear stress abnormalities result in destruction of von Willebrand factor; and (c) liver function disorders that comprise complex changes in pro- and anti-hemostatic factors, whose clinical implications are often difficult to predict. The article provides an overview on the pathophysiology, diagnostic tests and state-of-the-art treatment strategies.

8.
Hamostaseologie ; 40(2): 221-225, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32455462

RESUMO

Patients with ventricular assist devices (VADs) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) suffer from an increased risk for thromboembolic events as well as for hemorrhages. High shear stress in the mechanical device results in acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS), characterized by a loss of high-molecular-weight multimers of von Willebrand factor (VWF) leading to an increased bleeding risk. Onset of AVWS occurs within hours, persists during the whole period of mechanical support, and subsides rapidly after explantation. Patients with the older HeartMate II exhibit more severe AVWS than those with the newer HeartMate III, thanks to lower shear stress in the latter. All ECMO and VAD patients exhibit thrombocytopathia and often thrombocytopenia which further increases the bleeding risk. Etiological models for AVWS are increased cleavage by the metalloproteinase ADAMSTS13, mechanical destruction of VWF, and shear-induced VWF binding to platelets. Platelet secretion defects may be caused by transient platelet activation leading to degranulation. AVWS can be diagnosed by detection of VWF multimers using gel-electrophoresis and functional assays of varying sensitivity (VWF ristocetin cofactor activity, VWF activity, VWF collagen binding). Platelet dysfunction is monitored using light transmission aggregometry and secretion defects are detectable using flow cytometry. Modest use of anticoagulants and a target-controlled therapy based on VWF parameters and other coagulation and platelet parameters are shown to be beneficial in this patient group. Persistent hemorrhages may be controlled with tranexamic acid and platelet concentrates. Prompt weaning from the device, when indicated, is the best therapeutic option to prevent recurrent bleeding.


Assuntos
Transtornos Plaquetários/sangue , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Doenças de von Willebrand/complicações , Doenças de von Willebrand/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
9.
J Thromb Haemost ; 18(7): 1598-1617, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe plasma prekallikrein (PK) deficiency is an autosomal-recessive defect characterized by isolated activated partial thromboplastin time prolongation. To date, no comprehensive methodologically firm analysis has investigated the diagnostic, clinical, and genetic characteristics of PK deficiency, and its prevalence remains unknown. PATIENTS/METHODS: We described new families with PK deficiency, retrieved clinical and laboratory information of cases systematically searched in the (gray) literature, and collected blood of these cases for complementary analyses. The Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD) and the population-based Gutenberg Health Study served to study the prevalence of mutations and relevant genetic variants. RESULTS: We assembled a cohort of 111 cases from 89 families and performed new genetic analyses in eight families (three unpublished). We identified new KLKB1 mutations, excluded the pathogenicity of some of the previously described ones, and estimated a prevalence of severe PK deficiency of 1/155 668 overall and 1/4725 among Africans. One individual reported with PK deficiency had, in fact, congenital kininogen deficiency associated with decreased PK activity. One quarter of individuals had factor XII clotting activity below the reference range. Four major bleeding events were described in 96 individuals, of which 3 were provoked, for a prevalence of 4% and an annualized rate of 0.1%. The prevalence of cardiovascular events was 15% (6% <40 years; 21% 40-65 years; 33% >65 years) for an annualized rate of 0.4%. CONCLUSIONS: We characterized the genetic background of severe PK deficiency, critically appraised mutations, and provided prevalence estimates. Our data on laboratory characteristics and clinical course of severe PK deficiency may have clinical implications.

10.
Eur J Pediatr ; 179(3): 377-384, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760507

RESUMO

Elevated von Willebrand factor (vWF):Antigen plasma levels have been observed in conjunction with cardiovascular diseases or vasculitis. The association of Kawasaki disease, a vascular inflammatory disease and vWF:Antigen, vWF:Collagen binding activity, and vWF multimers is unknown. We therefore investigated vWF parameters in 28 patients with acute Kawasaki disease in association with disease activity and coronary artery lesions. VWF:Antigen and vWF:Collagen binding activity were assessed via enzyme-linked immunoassay. The ratio of both (vWF:Collagen binding activity and VWF:Antigen) was calculated and vWF multimeric structure analysis performed. We analyzed the association between vWF parameters and our clinical data focusing on coronary artery outcome. VWF:Antigen and vWF:Collagen binding activity levels were significantly higher in the acute than in the disease's convalescence phase, and correlated positively with CRP levels. Neither variable was associated with coronary artery lesions. The vWF:Collagen binding activity/vWF:Antigen ratio, however, was significantly decreased in patients with a coronary artery lesion (z-score > 2; N = 10; mean ratio 0.96 vs. 0.64; p = 0.031) and even more so in those with a coronary artery aneurysm (z-score > 2.5; N = 8; mean ratio 0.94 vs. 0.55; p = 0.02). In a sub-analysis, those patients with a very low ratio in the acute phase presented a persistent coronary artery aneurysm at their 1-year follow-up.Conclusion: This study suggests that comprehensive analysis of vWF parameters may help to both monitor KD inflammation and facilitate the identification of those patients carrying an increased risk for coronary artery lesion.What is Known:• Von Willebrand factor (VWF)-parameters represent surrogate markers for vascular inflammation.• Kawasaki disease is a generalized vasculitis in children, which can be complicated by coronary artery lesions.What is New:• In those Kawasaki disease patients with coronary artery lesions, the vWF:CB/vWF:Ag ratio was significantly decreased.• VWF parameters may help to identify patients at risk for coronary artery lesions.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/sangue , Fator de von Willebrand/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Aneurisma Coronário/etiologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Dilatação Patológica/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
11.
Haematologica ; 105(7): 1948-1956, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558677

RESUMO

Major surgery is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), thus the application of mechanical or pharmacologic prophylaxis is recommended. The incidence of VTE in patients with inherited platelet disorders (IPD) undergoing surgical procedures is unknown and no information on the current use and safety of thromboprophylaxis, particularly of low-molecular-weight-heparin in these patients is available. Here we explored the approach to thromboprophylaxis and thrombotic outcomes in IPD patients undergoing surgery at VTE-risk participating in the multicenter SPATA study. We evaluated 210 surgical procedures carried out in 155 patients with well-defined forms of IPD (VTE-risk: 31% high, 28.6% intermediate, 25.2% low, 15.2% very low). The use of thromboprophylaxis was low (23.3% of procedures), with higher prevalence in orthopedic and gynecological surgeries, and was related to VTE-risk. The most frequently employed thromboprophylaxis was mechanical and appeared to be effective, as no patients developed thrombosis, including patients belonging to the highest VTE-risk classes. Low-molecular-weight-heparin use was low (10.5%) and it did not influence the incidence of post-surgical bleeding or of antihemorrhagic prohemostatic interventions use. Two thromboembolic events were registered, both occurring after high VTE-risk procedures in patients who did not receive thromboprophylaxis (4.7%). Our findings suggest that VTE incidence is low in patients with IPD undergoing surgery at VTE-risk and that it is predicted by the Caprini score. Mechanical thromboprophylaxis may be of benefit in patients with IPD undergoing invasive procedures at VTE-risk and low-molecular-weight-heparin should be considered for major surgery.

13.
Platelets ; 31(7): 960-963, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880485

RESUMO

Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by defects in 10 human HPS genes, characterized by oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) and bleeding diathesis associated to platelet δ-storage pool defect (SPD). We report a case of 4-year-old boy from non-consanguineous parents with OCA and negative personal and familiar hemorrhagic history, referred to us for severe bleeding after mild trauma. His platelet function, studied by lumi-aggregometry, showed normal first wave of aggregation in response to exogenous agonists and impaired second wave with defective ATP release. This, in combination with impaired platelet δ-granules content (serotonin, ATP, ADP) and the OCA phenotype suggested the HPS diagnosis. HPS3: sequencing revealed a novel pathogenic homozygous variant (NM_032383.4:c.7>T, p.Gln3*) resulting in a premature stop codon at the amino acid 3. Moreover, our report highlights the importance of evaluating platelet function in children with OCA without bleeding diathesis to identify HPS early and prevent bleeding complications.

16.
Thromb Haemost ; 119(7): 1154-1161, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154663

RESUMO

Several in vitro platelet function tests are available for the diagnosis of inherited platelet function disorders. Currently, the light transmission aggregometry (LTA) is recommended as one of the first-step tests. LTA is available in most specialized hemostasis laboratories. Although the LTA is accepted as a 'gold standard' assay for the evaluation of platelet function, its standardization in the clinical practice is still challenging. The GTH-based THROMKID-Plus Study Group has performed an inter-laboratory trial in Germany and Austria. Five different agonists were selected according to the Scientific and Standardization Committee/International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis recommendations and shipped in 3 different sets (one should represent a healthy control and two should simulate platelet function disorders) to 15 specialized laboratories in Germany and Austria. Agonists were analyzed by APACT or PAP4/8 aggregometer using platelet-rich plasma from healthy donors. In addition, laboratory-internal platelet agonists were tested in platelet-rich plasma from a healthy donor. All laboratories (9 used APACT, 6 used PAP4/PAP8) showed very consistent data regarding the maximum percentage of aggregation induced by the tested agonists and identified the differential diagnosis of the simulated platelet function disorders with one exception, which was due to technical problems. In contrast, there was a high variability of the laboratory-internal inductors regarding reagent type, concentrations and pathological cut-off values. Our study showed that the shipment of agonists is suitable for an inter-laboratory survey of LTA. However, there is still a remarkable need for standardization of agonist reagents and their concentration as well as for definition of reference ranges.


Assuntos
Transtornos Plaquetários/diagnóstico , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Testes de Função Plaquetária/métodos , Áustria , Alemanha , Voluntários Saudáveis , Hemostasia , Humanos , Agregação Plaquetária , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas/química , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Padrões de Referência , Valores de Referência
17.
J Exp Med ; 216(5): 1050-1060, 2019 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914438

RESUMO

Studies of allelic variation underlying genetic blood disorders have provided important insights into human hematopoiesis. Most often, the identified pathogenic mutations result in loss-of-function or missense changes. However, assessing the pathogenicity of noncoding variants can be challenging. Here, we characterize two unrelated patients with a distinct presentation of dyserythropoietic anemia and other impairments in hematopoiesis associated with an intronic mutation in GATA1 that is 24 nucleotides upstream of the canonical splice acceptor site. Functional studies demonstrate that this single-nucleotide alteration leads to reduced canonical splicing and increased use of an alternative splice acceptor site that causes a partial intron retention event. The resultant altered GATA1 contains a five-amino acid insertion at the C-terminus of the C-terminal zinc finger and has no observable activity. Collectively, our results demonstrate how altered splicing of GATA1, which reduces levels of the normal form of this master transcription factor, can result in distinct changes in human hematopoiesis.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo/genética , Anemia Diseritropoética Congênita/genética , Fator de Transcrição GATA1/genética , Hematopoese/genética , Íntrons/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Adulto , Criança , Éxons , Células HEK293 , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Sítios de Splice de RNA/genética , Transcrição Genética/genética , Transfecção
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30805339

RESUMO

During the last decade the use of ventricular assist devices (VADs) for patients with severe heart failure has increased tremendously. However, flow disturbances, mainly high shear induced by the device is associated with bleeding complications. Shear stress-induced changes in VWF conformation are associated with a loss of high molecular weight multimers (HMW) of VWF and an increased risk of bleeding. This phenomenon and its cause will be elaborated and reviewed in the following.

19.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0210004, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30605489

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Primary blood coagulation and wound sealing are orchestrated by von Willebrand factor (VWF), a large multimeric glycoprotein. Upon release of arginine vasopressin (AVP), VWF containing high molecular weight multimers is secreted. By measuring copeptin, the C-terminal part of the AVP prohormone, we recently found strongly increased AVP levels in children with febrile seizures (FS) as compared to children with fever but without seizures. It is unknown if increased AVP levels in FS are of any biological function. Therefore, our a priori hypothesis was that children with FS have increased VWF parameters in parallel with higher AVP levels. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study of children aged between 6 months and 5 years. Children that presented at our emergency department with fever or a recent FS (within four hours) were evaluated to be included to the study. We measured serum copeptin and VWF parameters, including analyses of VWF:Antigen (WVF:Ag), VWF:collagen binding activity (VWF:CB) and VWF multimers in children with FS, febrile infections without seizures and additionally, in a non-febrile control group. RESULTS: We included 54 children in our study, 30 with FS, 10 in the febrile control group, and 14 in the non-febrile control group. Serum copeptin levels were significantly higher in children with FS (median [IQR] 24.73 pmol/l [13.65-68.65]) compared to the febrile control group (5.66 pmol/l [4.15-8.07], p = 0.002) and the non-febrile control group (4.78 pmol/l [3.33-5.3], p<0.001). VWF:CB levels were also significantly higher in children with FS (VWF:CB 2.29 U/ml [1.88-2.97]) as compared to the febrile (VWF:CB 1.41 U/ml [1.27-1.93], p = 0.048) and the non-febrile control group (VWF:CB 1.15 U/ml [0.98-1.21], p<0.001). VWF:Ag tended to be higher in children with FS compared to both control groups. Multivariate regression analysis revealed FS and copeptin as major determinants of VWF:CB. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that increased secretion of AVP in children with FS is associated with higher plasma levels of VWF parameters. Especially VWF:CB may serve as additional biomarker in the diagnosis of FS.


Assuntos
Febre/sangue , Convulsões Febris/sangue , Doenças de von Willebrand/sangue , Fator de von Willebrand/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Febre/diagnóstico , Glicopeptídeos/sangue , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Neurofisinas/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Precursores de Proteínas/sangue , Convulsões Febris/diagnóstico , Vasopressinas/sangue , Doenças de von Willebrand/diagnóstico
20.
Hemasphere ; 3(4): e286, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31942541

RESUMO

Healthy subjects frequently report minor bleedings that are frequently 'background noise' of normality rather than a true disorder. Nevertheless, unexpected or unusual bleeding may be alarming. Thus, the distinction between normal and pathologic bleeding is critical. Understanding the underlying pathologic mechanism in patients with an excessive bleeding is essential for their counseling and treatment. Most of these patients with significant bleeding will result affected by non-severe inherited bleeding disorders (BD), collectively denominated mild or moderate BD for their relatively benign course. Unfortunately, practical recommendations for the management of these disorders are still lacking due to the current state of fragmented knowledge of pathophysiology and lack of a systematic diagnostic approach. To address this gap, an International Working Group (IWG) was established by the European Hematology Association (EHA) to develop consensus-based guidelines on these disorders. The IWG agreed that grouping these disorders by their clinical phenotype under the single category of mild-to-moderate bleeding disorders (MBD) reflects current clinical practice and will facilitate a systematic diagnostic approach. Based on standardized and harmonized definitions a conceptual unified framework is proposed to distinguish normal subjects from affected patients. The IWG proposes a provisional comprehensive patient-centered initial diagnostic approach that will result in classification of MBD into distinct clinical-pathological entities under the overarching principle of clinical utility for the individual patient. While we will present here a general overview of the global management of patients with MBD, this conceptual framework will be adopted and validated in the evidence-based, disease-specific guidelines under development by the IWG.

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