Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 400
Filtrar
1.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Positive near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) signals might be encountered in areas without evident artery wall thickening, being typically perceived as artefacts. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the utility of NIRS to identify artery wall regions associated with an increase in wall thickness (WT) as assessed by serial IVUS and optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: In this prospective, single-centre study, patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) underwent NIRS-IVUS and OCT assessment of a non-culprit artery at baseline and 12-month follow-up. For each vessel, 1.5 mm segments were identified, matched and divided into 45 sectors. The relationship between the change in IVUS-based WT (DWT), and the presence of NIRS-positive signals and OCT-detected lipid, was evaluated using linear mixed models. RESULTS: A total of 37 patients (38 vessels, 6,936 matched sectors) were analysed at baseline and 12 months. A total of 140/406 (34.5%) NIRS (+) sectors and 513/1,575 (32.6%) OCT-lipid (+) sectors were found to be located in thin (WT<0.5 mm) wall sectors. In the thin wall sectors, an increase in WT was significantly more pronounced in NIRS (+) vs NIRS (-) sectors (0.11 mm vs 0.06 mm, p<0.001). In the thick wall sectors, there was a decrease in WT observed that was less pronounced in the NIRS (+) versus NIRS (-) sectors (-0.08 mm vs -0.09 mm, p<0.001). Thin wall NIRS (+) OCT-lipid (+) sectors showed significant wall thickening (DWT=0.13 mm). CONCLUSIONS: NIRS-positive signals in otherwise non-diseased arterial walls as assessed by IVUS could identify vessel wall regions prone to WT increase over 12-month follow-up. Our observations suggest that NIRS-positive signals in areas without evident wall thickening by IVUS should no longer be viewed as benign or imaging artefact.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826103

RESUMO

Large thrombus burden (LTB) during ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) could translate into worse clinical outcomes. The impact of a LTB in terms of long-term clinical outcomes on different myocardial infarct territories has not yet been fully evaluated. From April 2002 to December 2004, consecutive patients with STEMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with drug eluting stent were evaluated. The study sample was stratified in two groups: anterior STEMI and non-anterior STEMI. LTB was considered as a thrombus larger than or equal to 2-vessel diameters, and small thrombus burden less than 2-vessel diameters. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were evaluated at 10-year and survival data were collected up to 15-year. A total of 812 patients were evaluated, 6 patients were excluded due to inadequate angiographic images, 410 (50.9%) had an anterior STEMI and 396 (49.1%) a non-anterior STEMI. Patients with LTB had higher rates of 10-year mortality (aHR 2.27, 95%CI 1.42-3.63; p = 0.001) and 10-year MACE (aHR 1.46, 95%CI 1.03-2.08; p = 0.033) in anterior STEMI, but not in non-anterior STEMI (aHR 0.78, 95%CI 0.49-1.24; p = 0.298; aHR 0.71, 95%CI 0.50-1.02; p = 0.062). LTB was associated with increased 30-day mortality (aHR 5.60, 95%CI 2.49-12.61; p < 0.001) and 30-day MACE (aHR 2.72, 95%CI 1.45-5.08; p = 0.002) in anterior STEMI, but not in non-anterior STEMI (aHR 0.39, 95%CI 0.15-1.06; p = 0.066; aHR 0.67, 95%CI 0.31-1.46; p = 0.316). Beyond 30-day, LTB had no impact on mortality and MACE in both groups. In anterior STEMI, LTB is associated with worse long-term clinical outcomes, this effect was driven by early events.

3.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 33(11): E900-E909, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The impact of large thrombus burden (LTB) on very long-term clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unknown. We compared very long-term clinical outcomes in STEMI patients with either LTB or small thrombus burden (STB). METHODS: Between 2002 and 2004, thrombus burden (TB) was evaluated in consecutive patients with STEMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In occluded infarct-related arteries, TB was reclassified after flow restoration. LTB was defined as thrombus ≥2 vessel diameters. Major adverse cardiac event (MACE) rate was evaluated at 10-year follow-up and survival data were collected up to 15 years post PCI. RESULTS: A total of 812 patients were enrolled, and TB assessment was available for 806 patients (99.3%); 580 patients (72.0%) had STB and 226 patients (28.0%) had LTB. Patients with LTB experienced more no reflow (4.0% vs 0.5%; P<.01) and distal embolization (17.3% vs 3.4%; P<.001) than STB patients. Ten-year MACE rate (42.5% vs 42.4%; P=.59), 10-year mortality rate (27.0% vs 26.4%; P=.75), and 15-year mortality rate (31.9% vs 35.9%; P=.29) were similar between STB and LTB groups, respectively. By landmark analysis, MACE rate was higher in the LTB group (15.9% vs 8.8%; P<.01) at 30 days, but not beyond (31.6% vs 36.9%; P=.28). There was no difference in mortality at any time point (at 30 days, 9.7% vs 6.2%; P=.08; beyond 30 days, 17.3% vs 20.5%; P=.48). LTB was an independent predictor of MACE at 30 days post PCI (hazard ratio, 1.60; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-2.51; P=.04). CONCLUSIONS: In STEMI patients, LTB might identify a subpopulation at high risk of no-reflow, distal embolization, and early ischemic events, but is not associated with worse clinical outcomes at long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Trombose Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Angiografia Coronária , Trombose Coronária/complicações , Trombose Coronária/diagnóstico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is superior to angiography-guided PCI. The clinical uptake of FFR has been limited, however, by the need to advance a wire in the coronary artery, the additional time required and the need for hyperaemic agents which can cause patient discomfort. FFR derived from routine coronary angiography eliminates these issues. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance and accuracy of three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA)-based vessel FFR (vFFR) compared to pressure wire-based FFR (≤0.80). METHODS: The FAST II (Fast Assessment of STenosis severity) study was a prospective observational multicentre study designed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of vFFR compared to the reference standard (pressure wire-based FFR ≤0.80). A total of 334 patients from six centres were enrolled. Both site-determined and blinded independent core lab vFFR measurements were compared to FFR. RESULTS: The core lab vFFR was 0.83±0.09 and pressure wire-based FFR 0.83±0.08. A good correlation was found between core lab vFFR and pressure wire-based FFR (R=0.74; p<0.001; mean bias 0.0029±0.0642). vFFR had an excellent diagnostic accuracy in identifying lesions with an invasive wire-based FFR ≤0.80 (AUC 0.93; 95% CI: 0.90-0.96; p<0.001). Positive predictive value, negative predictive value, diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of vFFR were 90%, 90%, 90%, 81% and 95%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: 3D-QCA-based vFFR has excellent diagnostic performance to detect FFR ≤0.80. The study was registered on clinicaltrials.gov under identifier NCT03791320.

5.
Biomark Med ; 15(14): 1211-1221, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498487

RESUMO

Aim: Current knowledge on the role of obesity in causing cardiac dysfunction is insufficient. Several biomarkers reflecting biological processes that may play a role in the occurrence of cardiac dysfunction in obesity patients are available. Purpose: To compare cardiovascular biomarker profiles between obesity patients and nonobese controls, and between obesity patients with and without cardiac dysfunction, in order to better understand the underlying pathophysiology of cardiac dysfunction in obesity patients. Materials & methods: Blood samples were obtained from 100 obesity patients (BMI ≥35 kg/m2) without known cardiovascular disease, and from 50 age- and gender-matched nonobese controls (BMI ≤30 kg/m2). The third cardiovascular panel of the Olink Multiplex platform was used for the measurement of 92 biomarkers. Results: The majority (53%) of biomarkers were elevated in obesity patients compared with nonobese controls. Only 5% of the biomarkers were elevated in obesity patients with cardiac dysfunction compared with those without. Biomarkers discriminating cardiac dysfunction from no cardiac dysfunction in obesity patients differed from those discriminating obese from nonobese patients. An elastic net model for the prediction of cardiac dysfunction in obesity patients had a high area under the receiver operating curve of 0.87 (95% CI: 0.79-0.94; p < 0.001). The sensitivity of this model was 84% and the specificity was 79%. Conclusion: A multiplex immunoassay was used for the first time in obesity patients without known cardiovascular disease. These patients have cardiovascular biomarker profiles that are clearly different from nonobese controls. Comparison of obesity patients with and without cardiac dysfunction suggested an important role for inflammation, atherosclerosis and insulin resistance in the underlying pathophysiology of cardiac dysfunction in obesity patients.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538630

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this international, multicenter study, using third-generation dual-source computed tomography (CT), we investigated the diagnostic performance of dynamic stress CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) in addition to coronary CT angiography (CTA) compared to invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR). BACKGROUND: CT-MPI combined with coronary CTA integrates coronary artery anatomy with inducible myocardial ischemia, showing promising results for the diagnosis of hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease in single-center studies. METHODS: At 9 centers in Europe, Japan, and the United States, 132 patients scheduled for ICA were enrolled; 114 patients successfully completed coronary CTA, adenosine-stress dynamic CT-MPI, and ICA. Invasive FFR was performed in vessels with 25% to 90% stenosis. Data were analyzed by independent core laboratories. For the primary analysis, for each coronary artery the presence of hemodynamically significant obstruction was interpreted by coronary CTA with CT-MPI compared to coronary CTA alone, using an FFR of ≤0.80 and angiographic severity as reference. Territorial absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF) and relative MBF were compared using C-statistics. RESULTS: ICA and FFR identified hemodynamically significant stenoses in 74 of 289 coronary vessels (26%). Coronary CTA with ≥50% stenosis demonstrated a per-vessel sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the detection of hemodynamically significant stenosis of 96% (95% CI: 91-100), 72% (95% CI: 66-78), and 78% (95% CI: 73-83), respectively. Coronary CTA with CT-MPI showed a lower sensitivity (84%; 95% CI: 75-92) but higher specificity (89%; 95% CI: 85-93) and accuracy (88%; 95% CI: 84-92). The areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of absolute MBF and relative MBF were 0.79 (95% CI: 0.71-0.86) and 0.82 (95% CI: 0.74-0.88), respectively. The median dose-length product of CT-MPI and coronary CTA were 313 mGy·cm and 138 mGy·cm, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic CT-MPI offers incremental diagnostic value over coronary CTA alone for the identification of hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease. Generalized results from this multicenter study encourage broader consideration of dynamic CT-MPI in clinical practice. (Dynamic Stress Perfusion CT for Detection of Inducible Myocardial Ischemia [SPECIFIC]; NCT02810795).

7.
J Card Surg ; 36(9): 3271-3280, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a clinical need for additional remote tools to improve left ventricular assist device (LVAD) patient management. The aim of this pilot concept study was to assess the safety and feasibility of optimizing patient management with add-on remote hemodynamic monitoring using the CardioMEMS in LVAD patients during different treatment stages. METHODS: Ten consecutive patients accepted and clinically ready for (semi-) elective HeartMate 3 LVAD surgery were included. All patients received a CardioMEMS to optimize filling pressure before surgery. Patients were categorized into those with normal mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) (≤25 mmHg, n = 4) or elevated mPAP (>25 mmHg, n = 6), and compared to a historical cohort (n = 20). Endpoints were CardioMEMS device safety and a combined endpoint of all-cause mortality, acute kidney injury, renal replacement therapy and/or right ventricular failure at 1-year follow-up. Additionally, we investigated hospital-free survival and improvement in quality of life (QoL) and exercise tolerance. RESULTS: No safety issues or signal interferences were observed. The combined endpoint occurred in 60% of historical controls, 0% in normal and 83% in elevated mPAP group. Post-discharge, the hospital-free survival was significantly better, and the QoL improved more in the normal compared to the elevated mPAP group. CONCLUSION: Remote hemodynamic monitoring in LVAD patients is safe and feasible with the CardioMEMS, which could be used to identify patients at elevated risk of complications as well as optimize patient management remotely during the out-patient phase with less frequent hospitalizations. Larger pivotal studies are warranted to test the hypothesis generated from this concept study.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Coração Auxiliar , Monitorização Hemodinâmica , Assistência ao Convalescente , Estudos de Viabilidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Artéria Pulmonar , Qualidade de Vida
8.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(12): 1323-1333, 2021 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34167672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the pharmacodynamic effects of pre-hospitally administered P2Y12 inhibitor prasugrel in crushed versus integral tablet formulation in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). BACKGROUND: Early dual antiplatelet therapy is recommended in STEMI patients. Yet, onset of oral P2Y12 inhibitor effect is delayed and varies according to formulation administered. METHODS: The COMPARE CRUSH (Comparison of Pre-hospital Crushed Versus Uncrushed Prasugrel Tablets in Patients With STEMI Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Interventions) trial randomized patients with suspected STEMI to crushed or integral prasugrel 60-mg loading dose in the ambulance. Pharmacodynamic measurements were performed at 4 time points: before antiplatelet treatment, at the beginning and end of pPCI, and 4 h after study treatment onset. The primary endpoint was high platelet reactivity at the end of pPCI. The secondary endpoint was impact of platelet reactivity status on markers of coronary reperfusion. RESULTS: A total of 441 patients were included. In patients with crushed prasugrel, the occurrence of high platelet reactivity at the end of pPCI was reduced by almost one-half (crushed 34.7% vs. uncrushed 61.6%; odds ratio [OR] = 0.33; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.22 to 0.50; p < 0.01). Platelet reactivity <150 P2Y12 reactivity units at the beginning of coronary angiography correlated with improved Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 3 in the infarct artery pre-pPCI (OR: 1.78; 95% CI: 1.08 to 2.94; p = 0.02) but not ST-segment resolution (OR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.48 to 1.34; p = 0.40). CONCLUSIONS: Oral administration of crushed compared with integral prasugrel significantly improves platelet inhibition during the acute phase in STEMI patients undergoing pPCI. However, a considerable number of patients still exhibit inadequate platelet inhibition at the end of pPCI, suggesting the need for alternative agents to bridge the gap in platelet inhibition.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Hospitais , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33961730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare stent recoil (SR) of the thin-strut durable-polymer Zotarolimus-eluting stent (dp-ZES) and the ultrathin-strut bioabsorbable-polymer Sirolimus-eluting stent (bp-SES) in chronic total occlusions (CTOs) and to investigate the predictors of high SR in CTOs. BACKGROUND: Newer ultrathin drug eluting stent might be associated with lower radial force and higher elastic recoil due to the thinner strut design, possibly impacting on the rate of in-stent restenosis and thrombosis. METHODS: Between January 2017 and November 2019, consecutive patients with CTOs undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were evaluated. Only patients treated with dp-ZES or bp-SES were included and stratified accordingly. Quantitative coronary angiography analysis was used to assess absolute SR, relative SR, absolute focal SR, relative focal SR, high absolute, and high relative focal SR. RESULTS: A total of 128 lesions (67 treated with dp-ZES and 61 with bp-SES) in 123 patients were analyzed. Between bp-SES and dp-ZES no differences were found in absolute SR (p = .188), relative SR (p = .138), absolute focal SR (p = .069), and relative focal SR (p = .064). High absolute and high relative focal SR occurred more frequently in bp-SES than in dp-ZES (p = .004 and p = .015). Bp-SES was a predictor of high absolute focal SR (Odds ratio [OR] 3.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.50-7.22, p = .003]. High-pressure postdilation and bp-SES were predictors of high relative focal SR (OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.01-4.86, p = .047; OR 2.74, 95% CI 1.24-6.02, p = .012, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Both stents showed an overall low SR. However, ultra-thin strut bp-SES was a predictor of high absolute and high relative focal SR.

10.
Circ J ; 85(10): 1806-1813, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33828020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravascular polarization-sensitive optical frequency domain imaging (PS-OFDI) offers a novel approach to measure tissue birefringence, which is elevated in collagen and smooth muscle cells, that in turn plays a critical role in healing coronary thrombus (HCT). This study aimed to quantitatively assess polarization properties of coronary fresh and organizing thrombus with PS-OFDI in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).Methods and Results:The POLARIS-I prospective registry enrolled 32 patients with ACS. Pre-procedural PS-OFDI pullbacks using conventional imaging catheters revealed 26 thrombus-regions in 21 patients. Thrombus was manually delineated in conventional OFDI cross-sections separated by 0.5 mm and categorized into fresh thrombus caused by plaque rupture, stent thrombosis, or erosion in 18 thrombus-regions (182 frames) or into HCT for 8 thrombus-regions (141 frames). Birefringence of coronary thrombus was compared between the 2 categories. Birefringence in HCTs was significantly higher than in fresh thrombus (∆n=0.47 (0.37-0.72) vs. ∆n=0.25 (0.17-0.29), P=0.007). In a subgroup analysis, when only using thrombus-regions from culprit lesions, ischemic time was a significant predictor for birefringence (ß (∆n)=0.001 per hour, 95% CI [0.0002-0.002], P=0.023). CONCLUSIONS: Intravascular PS-OFDI offers the opportunity to quantitatively assess the polarimetric properties of fresh and organizing coronary thrombus, providing new insights into vascular healing and plaque stability.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Identification of the culprit lesion in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) allows appropriate coronary revascularization but may be unclear in patients with multivessel coronary disease (MVD). Therefore, we investigated the rate of culprit lesion identification during coronary angiography in NSTE-ACS and multivessel disease. METHODS/MATERIALS: Consecutive patients presenting with NSTE-ACS and MVD, between January 2012 and December 2016 were evaluated. Coronary angiograms, intravascular imaging, and ECGs were analyzed for culprit lesion identification. Long-term clinical outcomes in terms of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and mortality were reported in patients with or without culprit identification. RESULTS: A total of 1107 patients with NSTE-ACS and MVD were included in the analysis, 310 (28.0%) with unstable angina and 797 (72.0%) with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. The culprit lesion was angiographically identified in 952 (86.0%) patients, while no clear culprit lesion was found in 155 (14.0%) patients. ECG analysis allowed to predict the location of the culprit vessel with low sensitivity (range 28.4%-36.7%) and high specificity (range 90.6%-96.5%). Higher lesion complexity was associated with inability to identify the culprit. Intravascular imaging was applied in 55 patients and helped to identify the culprit lesion in 53 patients (96.4%). There was no difference in all-cause mortality (21.4% vs. 25.8%, p = 0.24) and MACE (39.2% vs. 47.6%, p = 0.07) between the cohorts with or without culprit lesion identification by angiography. CONCLUSIONS: The culprit lesion appeared unclear by coronary angiography in >10% of patients with NSTE-ACS and MVD. Complementary invasive imaging substantially enhanced the diagnostic accuracy of culprit lesion detection.

14.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 14(5): 992-1000, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary calcification has been linked to cardiovascular events. We developed and validated an algorithm to automatically quantify coronary calcifications on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). We aimed to assess the prognostic value of an IVUS-calcium score (ICS) on patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE). METHODS: We included patients that underwent coronary angiography plus pre-procedural IVUS imaging. The ICS was calculated per patient. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality, stroke, myocardial infarction, and revascularization (POCE). RESULTS: In a cohort of 408 patients, median ICS was 85. Both an ICS ≥ 85 and a 100 unit increase in ICS increased the risk of POCE at 6-year follow-up (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.51, 95%CI 1.05-2.17, p value = 0.026, and aHR 1.21, 95%CI 1.04-1.41, p value = 0.014, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The ICS, calculated by a validated automated algorithm derived from routine IVUS pullbacks, was strongly associated with the long-term risk of POCE.

15.
Angiology ; 72(5): 465-473, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464117

RESUMO

Little data are available on access strategy outcomes for cardiac catheterizations in patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). We investigated the effect of transradial access (TRA) and transfemoral access (TFA) on short-term major vascular complications (MVC) and long-term major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). In this single-center, retrospective cohort study, 1084 patients met our inclusion criteria (TRA = 469; TFA = 615). The cumulative incidence for the primary safety endpoint MVC at 30 days (a composite of major bleeding, retroperitoneal hematoma, dissection, pseudoaneurysm, and arteriovenous fistula) was lower with TRA (0.7% vs 3.0%, P < .01) and this difference remained significant after propensity score adjustment (odds ratio: 0.24; 95% CI, 0.07-0.83; P = .024). The cumulative incidence for the primary efficacy endpoint MACE at 36 months (a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and urgent target vessel revascularization) was 28.6% with TRA and 27.6% with TFA, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curves showed no difference for the primary efficacy endpoint (P = .65). Contrast use (mL) was significantly lower with TRA (130 [100-180] vs 150 [100-213], P < .01). In conclusion, in patients with prior CABG, TRA was associated with significantly fewer short-term MVC and contrast use, but not with a difference in long-term MACE, compared with TFA.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Cateterismo Periférico , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Artéria Femoral , Artéria Radial , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/mortalidade , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Punções , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/epidemiologia
16.
Future Cardiol ; 17(5): 885-898, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410726

RESUMO

Aim: We aimed to assess the safety and feasibility of using CardioMEMS monitoring in patients before and after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) surgery. Patients & methods: Ten patients accepted for elective LVAD surgery were included, received a CardioMEMS at baseline and were categorized based on mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) ≤25 mmHg (n = 4) or mPAP >25 mmHg [n = 6]) before LVAD surgery. Results: The combined end point of all-cause mortality, acute kidney injury and/or renal replacement therapy, and right ventricular failure occurred more often in patients with an mPAP >25 mmHg (83 vs 0%, p = 0.017). Conclusion: This pilot study demonstrates that combining CardioMEMS monitoring with LVAD therapy is safe and generates the hypothesis that patients with an mPAP >25 mmHg before LVAD surgery identify a very high-risk group for adverse clinical outcomes.

17.
J Cardiol ; 77(3): 271-278, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment preferences in patients with left main (LM) stem disease and no prior revascularization are unknown. The objectives of this study were to determine (i) patient-reported importance ratings of particular features related to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, (ii) how these features determine treatment preference, and (iii) how educational and psychosocial background influence this preference. METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter study a total of 500 patients without previous revascularization who underwent diagnostic angiography for suspected coronary disease were asked to complete a case-vignette on a (hypothetical) LM stenosis qualifying for both PCI and CABG, in addition to 6 validated questionnaires to assess the influence of psychosocial factors on treatment preference. RESULTS: Overall, 90% favored PCI over CABG because of the lower bleeding and stroke risk despite a higher likelihood for repeat revascularization. By multivariable regression, the only independent determinant of treatment preference for CABG was lower educational level (14% in low vs. 8% in higher educated patients, OR: 3.22, CI: 1.16-8.95, p=0.025) while psychosocial variables were not associated. Compared to higher educated patients, those with lower educational level suffered more from depression, anxiety, loneliness, and uncertainty. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, patients who are informed about risk and benefits of each treatment modality clearly favor PCI over CABG and particularly value lower short-term morbidity while being aware of higher risk of repeat revascularization. Lower educational level was associated with a higher prevalence of psychosomatic phenotypes and a 14% preference for CABG. Educational and psychosocial background matter in the revascularization strategy decision-making process.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Int J Cardiol ; 326: 98-102, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have emerged as the preferred choice of oral anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation. Randomized trials have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of DOAC in patients undergoing electrical cardioversion (ECV); however, there is limited real-world data. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of patients undergoing an elective ECV for atrial tachyarrhythmia in a tertiary referral center who were treated with DOAC or vitamin K antagonist (VKA) without routine trans esophageal echocardiography (TEE). METHODS: This was a retrospective single-center cohort study of consecutive patients undergoing an elective ECV for atrial tachyarrhythmia from January 2013 to February 2020. The primary endpoints were thromboembolism (composite of stroke, transient ischemic attack or systemic embolism) and major bleeding events within 60 days. RESULTS: A total of 1431 ECV procedures were performed in 920 patients. One-third of the procedures were performed under DOAC (N = 488, 34%) and the remainder of the procedures was performed under VKA (N = 943, 66%). There were no differences between groups with regard to demographic variables (mean age 62.4 ± 11.7, 72% men) and mean CHA2DS2-VASc score (2.3 ± 1.6); however, the VKA group had a higher proportion of patients with co-morbidity. Thromboembolism occurred in 0.41% in the DOAC group versus 0.64% in the VKA group (P = 0.72). Major bleeding events occurred in 0.41% in the DOAC group versus 0.11% in the VKA group (P = 0.27). CONCLUSION: In a real-world population, the rates of thromboembolism and major bleeding events were low after elective ECV in patients using DOAC or VKA, even without routine TEE.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Cardioversão Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Vitamina K/uso terapêutico
19.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(4): 671-677, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022098

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To validate novel dedicated 3D-QCA based on the software to calculate post PCI vessel-FFR (vFFR) in a consecutive series of patients, to assess the diagnostic accuracy, and to assess inter-observer variability. BACKGROUND: Low post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) fractional flow reserve (FFR) predicts future adverse cardiac events. However, FFR assessment requires the insertion of a pressure wire in combination with the use of a hyperemic agent. METHODS: FAST POST study is an observational, retrospective, single-center cohort study. One hundred patients presenting with stable angina or non ST-elevation myocardial infarction, who underwent post PCI FFR assessment using a dedicated microcatheter were included. Two orthogonal angiographic projections were acquired to create a 3D reconstruction of the coronary artery using the CAAS workstation 8.0. vFFR was subsequently calculated using the aortic root pressure. RESULTS: Mean age was 65±12 years and 70% were male. Mean microcatheter based FFR and vFFR were 0.91±0.07 and 0.91±0.06, respectively. A good linear correlation was found between FFR and vFFR (r = 0.88; p <.001). vFFR had a higher accuracy in the identification of patients with FFR values <0.90, AUC 0.98 (95% CI: 0.96-1.00) as compared with 3D-QCA AUC 0.62 (95% CI: 0.94-0.74). Assessment of vFFR had a low inter-observer variability (r = 0.95; p <.001). CONCLUSION: 3D-QCA derived post PCI vFFR correlates well with invasively measured microcatheter based FFR and has a high diagnostic accuracy to detect FFR <0.90 with low inter-observer variability.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Software , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97(4): E495-E501, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using three dimensional-quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) based fractional flow reserve (FFR) (vessel fractional flow reserve [vFFR], CAAS8.1, Pie Medical Imaging) and to correlate vFFR values with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) for the evaluation of intermediate left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis. BACKGROUND: 3D-QCA derived FFR indices have been recently developed for less invasive functional lesion assessment. However, LMCA lesions were vastly under-represented in first validation studies. METHODS: This observational single-center cohort study enrolled consecutive patients with stable angina, unstable angina, or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and nonostial, intermediate grade LMCA stenoses who underwent IVUS evaluation. vFFR was computed based on two angiograms with optimal LMCA stenosis projection and correlated with IVUS-derived minimal lumen area (MLA). RESULTS: A total of 256 patients with intermediate grade LMCA stenosis evaluated with IVUS were screened for eligibility; 147 patients met the clinical inclusion criteria and had a complete IVUS LMCA footage available, of them, 63 patients (63 lesions) underwent 3D-QCA and vFFR analyses. The main reason for screening failure was insufficient quality of the angiogram (51 patients,60.7%). Mean age was 65 ± 11 years, 75% were male. Overall, mean MLA within LMCA was 8.77 ± 3.17 mm2 , while mean vFFR was 0.87 ± 0.09. A correlation was observed between vFFR and LMCA MLA (r = .792, p = .001). The diagnostic accuracy of vFFR ≤0.8 in identifying lesions with MLA < 6.0 mm2 (sensitivity 98%, specificity 71.4%, area under the curve (AUC) 0.95, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.89-1.00, p = .001) was good. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with good quality angiographic visualization of LMCA and available complete LMCA IVUS footage, 3D-QCA based vFFR assessment of LMCA disease correlates well to LMCA MLA as assessed by IVUS.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...