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1.
BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med ; 5(1): e000532, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31191976

RESUMO

Objectives: To assess the outcome of conservative treatment for chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) as it relates to the reduction in surgical fasciotomy and return to active duty in a military population. Methods: Historic cohort. From 2015 to 2018, 75 surgically eligible patients with pressure-positive anterior CECS (Group 1), or with positive pressures and associated medial tibial stress syndrome (Group 2), underwent a conservative treatment programme emphasising gait retraining of running and marching. Treatment success was defined as return to duty, without surgery. Fifty patients from 2015 to 2017 were surveyed to assess mid-term outcomes. Results: The average duration of conservative treatment was 144.9 (±59.6) days. Initially, 65% (49/75) were able to return to duty; 28% (21/75) were referred for surgery and 7% (5/75) left the armed forces. There was no difference in outcomes between Group 1 and Group 2. Survey response rate, on average after 742 days (SD 267, range 381-1256), was 84% (42/50); 57% (24/42) had continued duty, without surgery; of them, 43% were at the same military specialty, 57% in a physically less demanding job. Conclusion: A conservative treatment programme for anterior CECS was able to return 65 % of patients to active duty, without surgery. At 2 years, the success rate decreased slightly, but remained positive at 57%. In this high-risk group, initiating a conservative treatment protocol with an emphasis on gait retraining can significantly reduce the need for surgical fasciotomy. For those that fail conservative treatment, surgical release may still be indicated.

2.
J R Army Med Corps ; 163(2): 94-103, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27451420

RESUMO

Overuse injuries of the leg are a common problem for young soldiers. This article reviews the literature concerning the prevention and treatment of exercise related leg pain in military settings and presents the latest developments in proposed mechanisms and treatments. Current practice and treatment protocols from the Dutch Armed Forces are reviewed, with an emphasis on the most prevalent conditions of medial tibial stress syndrome and chronic exertional compartment syndrome. The conclusion is that exercise related leg pain in the military is an occupational problem that deserves further study.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Compartimento Anterior/prevenção & controle , Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/prevenção & controle , Exercício Físico , Síndrome da Tensão Tibial Medial/prevenção & controle , Medicina Militar , Militares , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Síndrome do Compartimento Anterior/terapia , Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/terapia , Humanos , Perna (Membro) , Traumatismos da Perna/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos da Perna/terapia , Síndrome da Tensão Tibial Medial/terapia , Dor Musculoesquelética/prevenção & controle , Dor Musculoesquelética/terapia , Países Baixos , Doenças Profissionais/terapia , Dor/prevenção & controle , Esforço Físico
3.
Orthop J Sports Med ; 3(3): 2325967115575691, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26665032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported on the promising effects of changing running style in patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) using a 6-week training program aimed at adopting a forefoot strike technique. This study expands that work by comparing a 6-week in-house, center-based run training program with a less extensive, supervised, home-based run training program (50% home training). HYPOTHESIS: An alteration in running technique will lead to improvements in CECS complaints and running performance, with the less supervised program producing less dramatic results. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Nineteen patients with CECS were prospectively enrolled. Postrunning intracompartmental pressure (ICP), run performance, and self-reported questionnaires were taken for all patients at baseline and after 6 weeks of running intervention. Questionnaires were also taken from 14 patients (7 center-based, 6 home-based) 4 months posttreatment. RESULTS: Significant improvement between preintervention and postintervention rates was found for running distance (43%), ICP values (36%), and scores on the questionnaires Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE; 36%), Lower Leg Outcome Survey (LLOS; 18%), and Patient Specific Complaints (PSC; 60%). The mean posttreatment score on the Global Rating of Change (GROC) was between +4 and +5 ("somewhat better" to "moderately better"). In 14 participants (74%), no elevation of pain was reported posttreatment, compared with 3 participants (16%) at baseline; in all these cases, the running test was aborted because of a lack of cardiorespiratory fitness. Self-reported scores continued to improve 4 months after the end of the intervention program, with mean improvement rates of 48% (SANE), 26% (LLOS), and 81% (PSC). The mean GROC score improved to +6 points ("a great deal better"). CONCLUSION: In 19 patients diagnosed with CECS, a 6-week forefoot running intervention performed in both a center-based and home-based training setting led to decreased postrunning lower leg ICP values, improved running performances, and self-assessed leg condition. The influence of training group was not statistically significant. Overall, this is a promising finding, taking into consideration the significantly reduced investments in time and resources needed for the home-based program.

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