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J Chem Inf Model ; 61(9): 4224-4235, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387990


With the rapidly evolving SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern, there is an urgent need for the discovery of further treatments for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Drug repurposing is one of the most rapid strategies for addressing this need, and numerous compounds have already been selected for in vitro testing by several groups. These have led to a growing database of molecules with in vitro activity against the virus. Machine learning models can assist drug discovery through prediction of the best compounds based on previously published data. Herein, we have implemented several machine learning methods to develop predictive models from recent SARS-CoV-2 in vitro inhibition data and used them to prioritize additional FDA-approved compounds for in vitro testing selected from our in-house compound library. From the compounds predicted with a Bayesian machine learning model, lumefantrine, an antimalarial was selected for testing and showed limited antiviral activity in cell-based assays while demonstrating binding (Kd 259 nM) to the spike protein using microscale thermophoresis. Several other compounds which we prioritized have since been tested by others and were also found to be active in vitro. This combined machine learning and in vitro testing approach can be expanded to virtually screen available molecules with predicted activity against SARS-CoV-2 reference WIV04 strain and circulating variants of concern. In the process of this work, we have created multiple iterations of machine learning models that can be used as a prioritization tool for SARS-CoV-2 antiviral drug discovery programs. The very latest model for SARS-CoV-2 with over 500 compounds is now freely available at

COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Teorema de Bayes , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6284, 2020 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286395


Macrolactones, macrocyclic lactones with at least twelve atoms within the core ring, include diverse natural products such as macrolides with potent bioactivities (e.g. antibiotics) and useful drug-like characteristics. We have developed MacrolactoneDB, which integrates nearly 14,000 existing macrolactones and their bioactivity information from different public databases, and new molecular descriptors to better characterize macrolide structures. The chemical distribution of MacrolactoneDB was analyzed in terms of important molecular properties and we have utilized three targets of interest (Plasmodium falciparum, Hepatitis C virus and T-cells) to demonstrate the value of compiling this data. Regression machine learning models were generated to predict biological endpoints using seven molecular descriptor sets and eight machine learning algorithms. Our results show that merging descriptors yields the best predictive power with Random Forest models, often boosted by consensus or hybrid modeling approaches. Our study provides cheminformatics insights into this privileged, underexplored structural class of compounds with high therapeutic potential.

Produtos Biológicos/química , Quimioinformática , Bases de Dados de Compostos Químicos , Macrolídeos/química , Aprendizado de Máquina , Modelos Químicos , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Software
J Cheminform ; 12(1): 23, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431002


We report on a new cheminformatics enumeration technology-SIME, synthetic insight-based macrolide enumerator-a new and improved software technology. SIME can enumerate fully assembled macrolides with synthetic feasibility by utilizing the constitutional and structural knowledge extracted from biosynthetic aspects of macrolides. Taken into account by the software are key information such as positions in macrolide structures at which chemical components can be inserted, and the types of structural motifs and sugars of interest that can be synthesized and incorporated at those positions. Additionally, we report on the chemical distribution analysis of the newly SIME-generated V1B (virtual 1 billion) library of macrolides. Those compounds were built based on the core of the Erythromycin structure, 13 structural motifs and a library of sugars derived from eighteen bioactive macrolides. This new enumeration technology can be coupled with cheminformatics approaches such as QSAR modeling and molecular docking to aid in drug discovery for rational designing of next generation macrolide therapeutics with desirable pharmacokinetic properties.

J Cheminform ; 10(1): 53, 2018 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421084


We report on the development of a cheminformatics enumeration technology and the analysis of a resulting large dataset of virtual macrolide scaffolds. Although macrolides have been shown to have valuable biological properties, there is no ready-to-screen virtual library of diverse macrolides in the public domain. Conducting molecular modeling (especially virtual screening) of these complex molecules is highly relevant as the organic synthesis of these compounds, when feasible, typically requires many synthetic steps, and thus dramatically slows the discovery of new bioactive macrolides. Herein, we introduce a cheminformatics approach and associated software that allows for designing and generating libraries of virtual macrocycle/macrolide scaffolds with user-defined constitutional and structural constraints (e.g., types and numbers of structural motifs to be included in the macrocycle, ring size, maximum number of compounds generated). To study the chemical diversity of such generated molecules, we enumerated V1M (Virtual 1 million Macrolide scaffolds) library, each containing twelve common structural motifs. For each macrolide scaffold, we calculated several key properties, such as molecular weight, hydrogen bond donors/acceptors, topological polar surface area. In this study, we discuss (1) the initial concept and current features of our PKS (polyketides) Enumerator software, (2) the chemical diversity and distribution of structural motifs in V1M library, and (3) the unique opportunities for future virtual screening of such enumerated ensembles of macrolides. Importantly, V1M is provided in the Supplementary Material of this paper allowing other researchers to conduct any type of molecular modeling and virtual screening studies. Therefore, this technology for enumerating extremely large libraries of macrolide scaffolds could hold a unique potential in the field of computational chemistry and drug discovery for rational designing of new antibiotics and anti-cancer agents.