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1.
Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis ; 12: 1759720X20972610, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281952

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of extra-musculoskeletal manifestations (EMMs) with disease activity, functional status, and treatment patterns in a large population-based cohort of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). Methods: A stratified random sample of patients with axSpA, drawn from health insurance data, received a survey on disease-related characteristics including history (ever presence) of the following EMMs: inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), psoriasis (PSO), and anterior uveitis (AU). Survey data were linked to health insurance data, gathering additional information on current occurrence (within one year) of EMMs and drug prescriptions. Separate multivariable linear regression models were calculated to determine the association of EMMs with disease activity (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index), and functional status (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index) after adjustment for relevant parameters, including treatment. Results: A total of 1729 patients with axSpA were included in the analyses (response: 47%; mean age: 56 years; 46% female) of whom 6% (9%) had current (ever) IBD, 10% (15%) had current (ever) PSO, and 9% (27%) had current (ever) AU. Ever presence of IBD and history of PSO were significantly associated with higher level of disease activity. Ever presence of PSO was also associated with higher level of functional impairment, whereas current AU was significantly associated with lower disease activity. Patients with current IBD or PSO received more frequently biological and conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs as well as systemic steroids. AU was associated with a higher use of conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs only. Conclusion: Disease activity is higher in patients with axSpA with history of IBD or history of PSO. Functional impairment is also higher in patients with axSpA with history of PSO. The presence of different EMMs was associated with different treatment patterns in axSpA.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316981

RESUMO

Non-response in surveys can lead to bias, which is often difficult to investigate. The aim of this analysis was to compare factors available from claims data associated with survey non-response and to compare them among two samples. A stratified sample of 4471 persons with a diagnosis of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and a sample of 8995 persons with an osteoarthritis (OA) diagnosis from a German statutory health insurance were randomly selected and sent a postal survey. The association of age, sex, medical prescriptions, specialist physician contact, influenza vaccination, hospitalization, and Elixhauser comorbidity index with the survey response was assessed. Multiple logistic regression models were used with response as the outcome. A total of 47% of the axSpA sample and 40% of the OA sample responded to the survey. In both samples, the response was highest in the 70-79-year-olds. Women in all age groups responded more often, except for the 70-79-year-olds. Rheumatologist/orthopedist contact, physical therapy prescription, and influenza vaccination were more frequent among responders. In the logistic regression models, rheumatologist/orthopedist treatment, influenza vaccination, and physical therapy were associated with a higher odds ratio for response in both samples. The prescription of biologic drugs was associated with higher response in axSpA. A high Elixhauser comorbidity index and opioid use were not relevantly associated with response. Being reimbursed for long-term care was associated with lower response-this was only significant in the OA sample. The number of quarters with a diagnosis in the survey year was associated with higher response. Similar factors were associated with non-response in the two samples. The results can help other investigators to plan sample sizes of their surveys in similar settings.


Assuntos
Revisão da Utilização de Seguros , Osteoartrite , Espondilartrite , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Viés , Produtos Biológicos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Revisão da Utilização de Seguros/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite treatment according to the current management recommendations, a significant proportion of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remain symptomatic. These patients can be considered to have 'difficult-to-treat RA'. However, uniform terminology and an appropriate definition are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The Task Force in charge of the "Development of EULAR recommendations for the comprehensive management of difficult-to-treat rheumatoid arthritis" aims to create recommendations for this underserved patient group. Herein, we present the definition of difficult-to-treat RA, as the first step. METHODS: The Steering Committee drafted a definition with suggested terminology based on an international survey among rheumatologists. This was discussed and amended by the Task Force, including rheumatologists, nurses, health professionals and patients, at a face-to-face meeting until sufficient agreement was reached (assessed through voting). RESULTS: The following three criteria were agreed by all Task Force members as mandatory elements of the definition of difficult-to-treat RA: (1) Treatment according to European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendation and failure of ≥2 biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)/targeted synthetic DMARDs (with different mechanisms of action) after failing conventional synthetic DMARD therapy (unless contraindicated); (2) presence of at least one of the following: at least moderate disease activity; signs and/or symptoms suggestive of active disease; inability to taper glucocorticoid treatment; rapid radiographic progression; RA symptoms that are causing a reduction in quality of life; and (3) the management of signs and/or symptoms is perceived as problematic by the rheumatologist and/or the patient. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed EULAR definition for difficult-to-treat RA can be used in clinical practice, clinical trials and can form a basis for future research.

6.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 126(4): 78-84, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025885

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To capture comorbidity and medication of persons with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in a population-based cohort in comparison to matched controls. METHODS: Individuals with an outpatient diagnosis of M35.0 (ICD-10) in ≥2 quarters of a year or an inpatient diagnosis of M35.0 were identified in a German statutory health insurance fund covering 7.2 million people. Persons in rheumatologic care were grouped by incident or prevalent diagnosis and by co-existing autoimmune disease (sSS) or primary (p)SS and compared to age- and sex-matched controls regarding comorbidity (ICD-10), medical prescriptions, hospitalisation and inability to work in the previous year. RESULTS: In 2018, 7,283 persons (0.10%) had incident and 54,273 persons (0.75%) prevalent SS diagnosis, and 5,961 (11%) were in rheumatologic care. Of these (90% female, mean age 66 years), 3,457 (58%) had further autoimmune disease (sSS), mostly rheumatoid arthritis (80%) and systemic lupus erythematosus (13%). Compared to controls, frequent comorbid conditions in SS were hypertension (controls: 52%, pSS: 55%, sSS: 63%), osteoarthritis (22%/40%/47%), osteoporosis (10%/26%/38%) and depression (21%/34%/36%). Systemic antirheumatic drugs were prescribed in 31% (pSS) and 66% (sSS) while < 5% received topical therapies. Glucocorticoids (8%/34%/59%), NSAIDs (28%/41%/45%), opioids (8%/15%/21%), analgesics (19%/30%/36%) and antidepressants (14%/21%/21%) were frequently prescribed. Compared to controls, hospitalisation (21%/32%/39%) and inability to work in persons <65 years (41%/48%/44%, median days 17/24/30) were more frequent in pSS and sSS than in controls. CONCLUSIONS: SS claims diagnosis is associated with substantial comorbidity and frequent prescription of anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics and antidepressants. The individual and societal burden of SS shows that, in addition to effective treatment strategies, intensive attention to comorbidities is important in this disease.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Autoimunes , Síndrome de Sjogren , Idoso , Comorbidade , Análise de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia
8.
RMD Open ; 6(3)2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051270

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess satisfaction with the effectiveness and tolerability of treatments in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Patients from the RABBIT register, starting a biological (b) or targeted synthetic (ts) disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD), or a conventional synthetic (cs)DMARD treatment after ≥1 csDMARD failure, were included. Treatment satisfaction was measured after 1 year of treatment in four categories and binarised for analysis. Logistic regression models were performed to calculate ORs for factors associated with treatment satisfaction. RESULTS: Data of 10 646 patients (74% women, mean 58 years) were analysed. At baseline, 55% of the patients were satisfied with the efficacy and 68% with the tolerability of their previously given treatments. After 1 year, 85% of the patients were satisfied with treatment effectiveness and 90% with tolerability. Baseline satisfaction (OR 2.98, 95% CI 2.58 to 3.44), seropositivity (OR 1.36, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.57), reduction of DAS28 (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.31 to 1.46) and pain (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.22 to 1.31), and the improvement of physical capacity (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.29) were positively associated with treatment satisfaction at follow-up while glucocorticoids (GCs) >5 mg/day, depression, fibromyalgia, obesity, prior bDMARDs and therapy changes were negatively associated. The impact of GC on satisfaction was dose-dependent, becoming strongest for GC >15 mg (OR 0.24, 95% CI 0.16 to 0.34). A 5 mg/day reduction within 12 months was positively associated with satisfaction regarding efficacy (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.27) and tolerability (OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.21). CONCLUSION: Most patients were satisfied with their treatment's effectiveness and tolerability after 1 year of treatment. Tapering GCs was positively associated with the improvement of patients' satisfaction.

9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is an urgent need for robust data on the trajectories and outcomes of pregnancies in women with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD). In particular when rare outcomes or rare diseases are to be investigated, collaborative approaches are required. However, joint data analyses are often limited by the heterogeneity of the different data sources.To facilitate future research collaboration, a European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Task Force defined a core data set with a minimum of items to be collected by pregnancy registries in rheumatology covering the period of pregnancy and the 28-day neonatal phase in women with any underlying IRD. METHODS: A stepwise process included a two-round Delphi survey and a face-to-face meeting to achieve consensus about relevant items. RESULTS: A total of 64 multidisciplinary stakeholders from 14 different countries participated in the two rounds of the Delphi process. During the following face-to-face meeting of the EULAR Task Force, consensus was reached on 51 main items covering 'maternal information', 'pregnancy' and 'treatment'. Generic instruments for assessment are recommended for every item. Furthermore, for the five most frequent IRDs rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and other connective tissue diseases, disease-specific laboratory markers and disease activity measurements are proposed. CONCLUSION: This is the first consensus-based core data set for prospective pregnancy registries in rheumatology. Its purpose is to stimulate and facilitate multinational collaborations that aim to increase the knowledge about pregnancy course and safety of treatment in women with IRDs during pregnancy.

10.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 210, 2020 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In contrast to other chronic rheumatic musculoskeletal diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, comorbidities in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and their impact on disease outcomes are less well studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of comorbidities and their association with disease activity and functional impairment in a large population-based cohort of patients with axSpA. METHODS: A random sample of patients with axSpA, stratified by age and sex, was drawn from health insurance data. Patients in the sample received a survey on demographic, socioeconomic, and disease-related parameters. Comorbidities were defined using the Elixhauser coding algorithms excluding rheumatoid arthritis/collagen vascular diseases and including osteoporosis and fibromyalgia, resulting in a set of 32 comorbidities. The prevalence of comorbidities in the axSpA patients and their pharmacological treatment were examined. Multivariable linear regression models were calculated to determine the association of comorbidities with disease activity and functional status. RESULTS: A total of 1776 axSpA patients were included in the analyses (response, 47%; mean age, 56 years; 46% female). The most prevalent comorbidities were hypertension, depression, and chronic pulmonary disorders. The number of comorbidities was significantly associated with both the BASDAI and BASFI: ß (95% CI) = 0.17 (0.09-0.24) and 0.24 (0.15-0.32), respectively. When analysed separately, hypertension, depression, and chronic pulmonary disease were comorbidities with a significant and independent association with BASFI, while for BASDAI, such an association was found for depression and chronic pulmonary disease only. CONCLUSIONS: Comorbidities are common in axSpA patients and are associated with higher disease activity and higher levels of functional impairment. Higher disease activity and higher levels of functional impairment might be indicators of severe disease resulting in the development of comorbidities.

11.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(10): 1639-1647, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594219

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in outcomes among patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) over two decades. METHODS: From 1997 to 2017, a total of 1079 IIM patients were documented in the National Database of the German Collaborative Arthritis Centers. Annual cross-sectional data on treatment, disease activity, patient-reported outcomes, hospitalization and employment were compared across the years. Information on phenotypes, organ manifestations and autoantibodies was collected for a subset to compare the assessment of global health, pain, fatigue and sleeping disorders. RESULTS: In 2017, significantly more IIM patients were assessed to be in low disease activity (94%) than in 1997 (59%), p < 0.01. Pain (p = 0.001), global health (p = 0.049), fatigue (p = 0.03) and sleeping disorders (p = 0.01) also improved since recording. Glucocorticoid use decreased from 84 to 58% (p < 0.01). Employment in patients < 65 years remained unchanged (53%), while early retirement (23-9%), hospitalization/year (34-18%) and sick leave (52-24%) decreased. A total of 186 patients with information on subtypes were classified as polymyositis (44%), dermatomyositis (33%), anti-synthetase syndrome (10%), overlapping-myositis (8%), inclusion body myositis (2%), necrotizing myositis (0.5%) and unspecific (3%). The most frequently reported symptoms were limitations in global health (60%), fatigue (57%) and sleeping disorders (51%), and all of them were most frequent in overlap-myositis. Pulmonary hypertension and cardiomyopathy were associated with poor outcomes regarding global health, daily activities and fatigue. CONCLUSION: IIM patients report better outcomes than 20 years ago, along with good physician-reported disease control. Global health, fatigue and sleeping disorders are relevant patient-reported domains in IIM.

12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 352, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A great heterogeneity in total joint replacement (TJR) rates has been reported for osteoarthritis (OA), most likely arising from a gap between patients' and physicians' views on the need for TJR. The purpose of this study therefore was to analyze potential cofactors which might influence the desire of patients to undergo TJR and physicians' willingness to discuss surgery with their patients. METHODS: A total of 8995 patients in Germany with a claims data diagnosis of hip or knee OA or polyarthrosis were asked to complete a questionnaire for this cross-sectional study of sociodemographic factors, indicators of current joint function (WOMAC score), willingness to undergo TJR and whether they had already discussed TJR with a physician. The overall response rate was 40%. Responders with polyarthrosis and individuals without current or chronic symptoms in the corresponding joints, pain in already replaced joints or simultaneous symptomatic hip and knee OA were excluded. We linked the survey results to claims data. Separate logistic regression models were used to assess which parameters were associated with patients' willingness to undergo TJR and physicians' discussion of surgery. RESULTS: We analyzed 478 hip OA and 932 knee OA patients. Just 17% with hip OA and 14% with knee OA were willing to undergo TJR, although 44 and 45% had already discussed surgery with their physicians. Patients' willingness was associated with higher WOMAC scores, a deterioration of symptoms over the last 2 years, and previous TJR for another joint. The discussion with a physician was influenced by the impact on personal life and previous arthroplasty. Older age (odds Ratio (OR) 1.2 per 10 years), male sex (OR 0.69 vs female), longer symptom duration (OR 1.08 per 5 years), deterioration of symptoms (OR 2.0 vs no change/improvement), a higher WOMAC score (OR 1.3 per 10% deterioration) and reduced well-being (OR 1.1 per 10% deterioration) were associated with physician discussion in knee OA patients. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of patients willing to undergo TJR is lower than the proportion in whom physicians discuss surgery. While previous TJR seems to enhance patients' and surgeons' willingness, the influence of other cofactors is heterogeneous.

13.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(12): 2005-2012, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377959

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a frequent comorbidity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Due to the improved treatment options for RA, we expect a long-term decrease in osteoporosis as an accompanying disease. Data from the German National Database (NDB) were used to investigate whether the frequency of osteoporosis has changed in the last 10 years. From 2007 to 2017, approximately 4000 patients were documented annually with data on therapy and comorbidity. The cross-sectional data were summarised descriptively. Age, sex, disease duration, disease activity and glucocorticoids were considered as influencing factors. The Cochrane-Armitage test for trend was used to test whether the frequency of osteoporosis at the first visit changed from 2007 to 2017. Osteoporosis frequency in RA patients (mean age 63 years, 75% female) decreased from 20% in 2007 to 6% in 2017 (p < 0.001). The decrease affected women (22% to 17%) and men (14% to 8%) in all age groups and both short-term (≤ 2-year disease duration: 9% to 3%) and long-term RA patients (> 10-year disease duration: 28% to 20%). Patients with high disease activity and patients who took glucocorticoids (GC) were more often affected by osteoporosis than patients in remission or without GC. Drug prophylaxis in patients without osteoporosis increased (20% to 41% without GC, 48% to 55% with GC). Men with GC received less prophylactic treatment than women (48% vs. 57% in 2017). In this cohort, osteoporosis in patients with RA is less frequently observed compared to former years. RA-specific risk factors for osteoporosis such as disease activity and GC therapy have declined but long-term GC use is still present. Assessment of osteoporosis in RA patients should be investigated more consistently by bone density measurement. Male RA patients still need to be given greater consideration regarding osteoporosis drug prophylaxis, especially when GC therapy is needed.

14.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32189044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal diseases and symptoms are very common in the general population. They lead to high healthcare costs and pose a significant burden to the national economy. OBJECTIVES: Based on data from the population-based German National Cohort (GNC), frequencies of musculoskeletal symptoms and diseases are reported, including back pain, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from March 2014 to March 2017 in adults aged 20-75 years during the first half of the baseline survey of the GNC. The sample comprised 101,779 interviewed subjects, including 9370 subjects who underwent clinical musculoskeletal examinations. The interview included questions about specific musculoskeletal disorders. A clinical examination of the hand provided information about palpable swollen joints and pressure-sensitive joints. Resting pain of the knees and hips was also assessed by a clinical examination. Frequencies were standardized to the German standard population of the year 2011. RESULTS: Having ever been diagnosed with recurrent back pain (22.5%) or osteoarthritis (20.6%) were the most common complaints reported in the interview; osteoporosis (2.9%) and rheumatoid arthritis (1.9%) were stated more seldom. According to the hand examination, 6.0% of all participants experienced pain in at least one finger joint. Resting pain was present in at least one knee among 8.2% and in at least one hip among 5.1% of the participants as assessed during the clinical examination. Women were more likely to report musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms than men. The proportion of adults affected by musculoskeletal diseases increased strongly with age. CONCLUSION: Musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms occur frequently. The burden of complaints and diagnoses is comparable to previous population-based surveys.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Dor nas Costas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(8): 1916-1926, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of TNF inhibitors in RA has been shown to be affected by obesity. No such effect has been found for abatacept and rituximab, while for tocilizumab results are ambiguous. Additionally, it remains unresolved whether sex is an effect modifier for obesity. We investigated the impact of obesity on the drug effectiveness of conventional synthetic or biologic DMARDs, taking into account potential sex-specific differences. METHODS: Data from 10 593 RA patients included in the German observational cohort study Rheumatoid Arthritis: oBservation of BIologic Therapy (RABBIT) since 2009 were analysed. Patients had to have a BMI ≥18.5 kg/m2, at least one follow-up and 6 months of observation time. The influence of obesity on drug effectiveness was investigated by regression analysis, adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Obesity had a negative impact on improvement in the DAS with 28 joints using ESR as an inflammation marker of -0.15 (95% CI: -0.26; -0.04) units for women receiving conventional synthetic DMARDs, -0.22 (95% CI: -0.31; -0.12) units for women receiving TNF inhibitors, -0.22 (95% CI: -0.42; -0.03) units for women receiving tocilizumab and -0.41 (95% CI: -0.74; -0.07) units for men receiving tocilizumab. Overall, no negative obesity effects on the effectiveness of rituximab and abatacept were found. CONCLUSION: Obesity has a negative impact on the effectiveness of cytokine-targeted but not cell-targeted therapies in daily practice, affecting more outcomes and therapies in women than in men. Overall, no effects of obesity on treatment effectiveness were found for rituximab and abatacept.

18.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(3): 603-612, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the courses and outcomes of pregnancies involving JIA patients who were exposed to DMARDs. METHODS: In the Juvenile arthritis MTX/Biologics long-term Observation study, pregnant patients or male patients with pregnant partners were identified. Standardized patient interviews were conducted, and the course and outcome of pregnancy were assessed. Prospectively collected physician- and patient-reported data were also considered in the analysis. RESULTS: The study sample included 152 pregnancies in 98 women with JIA and 39 pregnancies involving 21 male patients as partners. The majority of patients had polyarticular-onset/-course JIA (61%). The average age of patients at first pregnancy was 24.1 (4.5) years, and their mean disease duration was 13.8 (5.9) years. Patients had been exposed to DMARDs for 9.5 (5.6) years, and 90% of these patients had received biologics before. Half of the pregnancies occurred during DMARD exposure, mostly with etanercept. Significant differences in pregnancy outcomes between DMARD-exposed and -unexposed pregnancies were not observed. Spontaneous abortion (13.1%) and congenital anomaly (3.6%) rates were not suggestive of increased risk compared with expected background rates. However, the rates of premature birth (12.3%) and caesarean section (37.7%) were slightly above those in the German birthing population. The disease activity of female patients remained relatively stable in pregnancy, with mean cJADAS-10 scores of 5.3, 7.1 and 5.6 in each trimester, respectively. CONCLUSION: Young adults with JIA often become pregnant or become fathers of children while still being treated with DMARDs. Data suggest no increased risk of major adverse pregnancy outcomes.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Exposição Materna , Exposição Paterna , Resultado da Gravidez , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Sistema de Registros , Adulto Jovem
19.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 72(2): 193-200, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479193

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major reason for chronic pain, stiffness, and functional limitation. This study was undertaken to analyze factors associated with the burden of OA, taking the pattern of joint involvement into account. METHODS: From a random sample of 8,995 patients with OA (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, German Modification codes M15 [polyarticular], M16 [hip], or M17 [knee]) from a German statutory health insurance database, 3,564 patients completed a survey including the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Patients with knee, hip, concomitant hip and knee, or polyarticular manifestation were compared concerning pain, stiffness, function, and impact on work and personal life. Data were linked to dispensation records. The association of age, sex, body mass index (BMI), symptom duration, and the World Health Organization-5 Well-Being Index (WHO-5) with WOMAC results was assessed in multiple linear regression models. RESULTS: Patients with knee (n = 1,448), hip (n = 959), hip and knee (n = 399), or polyarthritic (n = 758) OA were included. Concomitant hip and knee OA was accompanied by the highest WOMAC values (mean 44), frequent impairment of personal life (75%), and the highest use of analgesics (52% nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, 22% opioids, and 37% others). In the regression analyses, BMI per 5 units and WHO-5 per 10% worsening were associated with an increase in WOMAC values of 4-5 points, irrespective of the joint manifestations. CONCLUSION: Disease burden is high in patients with concomitant hip and knee OA and is connected with frequent prescription of analgesics. Involvement of several joints, BMI, and depressive symptoms need to be considered when using the WOMAC as an outcome instrument.


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Bases de Dados Factuais/tendências , Revisão da Utilização de Seguros/tendências , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição Aleatória
20.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 197, 2019 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to develop a patient-reported questionnaire that is suitable to detect periodontitis (PD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire containing 12 items potentially relevant to PD and dentists' semiquantitative assessment of PD (no/mild/moderate/severe) was obtained from 353 patients from an early arthritis cohort. Available radiographs (n = 253) and blinded assessment of 3 independent dentists were used for validation. By defining the dentists' assessment as the reference standard, relevant questionnaire items were identified with factor analysis methods. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) plots were used to determine sensitivities and specificities to detect PD in varying severity. Ordinal regression models were used to determine the coefficients for the final score. RESULTS: Seventy percent had at least mild PD. The items from the questionnaire correlating best with the dentists' assessment were selected for a final 6-item score (number of teeth, gum pockets, receding gums, loose teeth, receding jaw bone and tooth extractions and age). For the detection of any/moderate/severe PD, the bias-corrected areas under the curve (AUC) were 0.81/0.83/0.90. Sensitivity to detect mild PD was 85% and specificity 57%. Very high specificity was achieved for the detection of severe PD with 99% at the cost of low sensitivity (28%). CONCLUSIONS: This patient-reported six-item score has moderate diagnostic properties to study PD in RA patients in epidemiological settings. We propose to use the score as a measure of periodontitis without applying cut-off values.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Periodontite/etiologia , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Radiografia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
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