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1.
Colorectal Dis ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of presacral tumours is low and pertinent data are sparse on the management and outcomes after surgery. The aim of the study was to identify the risk factors of recurrence in patients with presacral tumours undergoing surgery at our institution. METHODS: Patients undergoing presacral tumour resection between 2009 and 2019 were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Demographics, clinicopathological features, preoperative imaging, operative details, morbidity, mortality, recurrence, and survival were investigated. RESULTS: A total of 122 patients were identified. There were 95 females (77.9 %), and the median age was 34 years. The most common presenting symptoms included pelvic pain (n = 60, 49.2%) and recurrent abscesses or fistulas (n = 40, 32.8%). The accuracy of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in distinguishing malignant from benign tumours was 93.9%. Six patients underwent three-dimensional computed tomography angiography (3D-CTA) and preoperative interventional embolization. Procedures were performed using transabdominal (n = 9), posterior (n = 99), and combined abdominal and posterior (n = 14) approaches. There were 21 (17.2 %) malignant and 101 (82.8 %) benign tumours. Local recurrence rate was 33.3% for malignant and 9.9% for benign tumours. Multivariate analysis revealed that the recurrence of malignant tumours was associated with R1 resection, while the recurrence of benign tumours was associated with secondary resections and intraoperative lesion rupture. CONCLUSION: Presacral tumours continue to be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. A multidisciplinary team, based on modern imaging modalities, is essential for the management of presacral tumours.

2.
Plant Sci ; 306: 110848, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775373

RESUMO

Red-fleshed apple fruits are popular because of their high flavonoid content. Although MdMYB10 and its homologs have been identified as crucial regulators of the fruit coloring process, other transcription factors (TFs) contributing to the differences in flesh coloration have not been fully characterized. In this study, we investigated the regulatory effects of MdWRKY41 on anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin (PA) synthesis in red-fleshed apples. The overexpression of MdWRKY41 in red-fleshed apple calli inhibited anthocyanin and PA accumulation by downregulating the expression of a MYB TF gene (MdMYB12) and specific structural genes (MdLAR, MdUFGT, and MdANR). Furthermore, MdWRKY41 was shown to interact with MdMYB16 to form a complex that can further suppress MdANR and MdUFGT expression. Interestingly, MdWRKY41 was targeted by the photoresponse factor MdHY5 and inhibited its transcription. Overall, our findings provide insights into a novel MdHY5-MdWRKY41-MdMYB regulatory module influencing anthocyanin and PA synthesis in red-fleshed apple fruits.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/biossíntese , Antocianinas/genética , Malus/genética , Malus/metabolismo , Proantocianidinas/biossíntese , Proantocianidinas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Quimera , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo , Frutas/genética , Frutas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Pigmentação/genética
3.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(2)2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670372

RESUMO

In the present research, the carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRTP) was laser joined with the Al alloy whose joining interface was pretreated by laser micro-texturing, anodizing, and hybrid of laser micro-texturing and anodizing. The surface morphology of the pretreated Al joining interface and bonding strength of the corresponding Al/CFRTP butt joint were investigated. The results show that the laser micro-texturing has fabricated the micro-pit or micro-furrow in the Al joining interface. With the increasing of laser scanning times, the size of the micro-pit or micro-furrow decreases, when the laser scanning distance is constant. The bonding strength of the Al/CFRTP butt joint with Al joining interface pretreated by micro-texturing fluctuates with the increasing of laser scanning distance and times, reaching the maximum value of 20 MPa at laser scanning distance of 0.1 mm and 1 time. The anodizing pretreatment has formed the Al2O3 oxide layer on the Al joining interface. The Al/CFRTP butt joint with Al joining interface pretreated by anodizing obtains the maximum bonding strength of 11 MPa at anodizing time of 10 min. The hybrid pretreatment of micro-texturing and subsequent anodizing fabricates the regular grid structure with smooth micro-furrow and micro-pit, while the hybrid pretreatment of anodizing and subsequent micro-texturing fabricates the Al joining interface with explosive micro-pit and micro-furrow. The bonding strength of the Al/CFRTP butt joint with hybrid-pretreated Al joining interface is relative better than that of the Al/CFRTP butt joint with anodizing-pretreated Al joining interface but almost lower than that of the Al/CFRTP butt joint with micro-texturing pretreated Al joining interface. Such results should be attributed to the surface morphology of the Al joining interface.

4.
Arch Microbiol ; 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33665709

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, aerobic, rod-shaped and reddish-pigmented bacterium, designated 8A47T, was isolated from a marine solar saltern located in Wendeng, PR China. The novel strain 8A47T grows at 20-42 °C, pH 7.0-9.0, and in the presence of 2.0-14.0% (w/v) NaCl. Optimal growth was observed at 37-40 °C, pH 7.5-8.0, and with 4.0-6.0% (w/v) NaCl. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain 8A47T formed an evolutionary lineage with members of the genus Rhodohalobacter. Strain 8A47T exhibited high level of similarity to Rhodohalobacter barlenses MCCC 1K03442T (94.7%) and Rhodohalobacter halophilus JZ3C29T (93.5%). The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), C16:0 and iso-C15:0. The sole respiratory quinone was MK-7. The polar lipids of the new isolate consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified lipid, two unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified glycolipids and. The genomic DNA G + C content of the strain 8A47T was 47.7 mol%. Based on its phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genotypic and genomic characteristics presented in this study, strain 8A47T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Rhodohalobacter, for which the name Rhodohalobacter mucosus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 8A47T (= KCTC 62603T = MCCC 1H00329T).

5.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(8): 4040-4052, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621431

RESUMO

Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) has been reported to belong to one of the highly vascularized solid tumours accompanied with angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). KDM5A, an attractive drug target, plays a critical role in diverse physiological processes. Thus, this study aims to investigate its role in angiogenesis and underlying mechanisms in HCC. ChIP-qPCR was utilized to validate enrichment of H3K4me3 and KDM5A on the promotor region of miR-433, while dual luciferase assay was carried out to confirm the targeting relationship between miR-433 and FXYD3. Scratch assay, transwell assay, Edu assay, pseudo-tube formation assay and mice with xenografted tumours were conducted to investigate the physiological function of KDM5A-miR-433-FXYD3-PI3K-AKT axis in the progression of HCC after loss- and gain-function assays. KDM5A p-p85 and p-AKT were highly expressed but miR-433 was down-regulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. Depletion of KDM5A led to reduced migrative, invasive and proliferative capacities in HCC cells, including growth and a lowered HUVEC angiogenic capacity in vitro. Furthermore, KDM5A suppressed the expression of miR-433 by demethylating H3K4me3 on its promoterregion. miR-433 negatively targeted FXYD3. Depleting miR-433 or re-expressing FXYD3 restores the reduced migrative, invasive and proliferative capacities, and lowers the HUVEC angiogenic capacity caused by silencing KDM5A. Therefore, KDM5A silencing significantly suppresses HCC tumorigenesis in vivo, accompanied with down-regulated miR-433 and up-regulated FXYD3-PI3K-AKT axis in tumour tissues. Lastly, KDM5A activates the FXYD3-PI3K-AKT axis to enhance angiogenesis in HCC by suppressing miR-433.

6.
Chemosphere ; 274: 129713, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545585

RESUMO

Due to their widespread use and harmful effects on aquatic environment, sulfonamide antibiotics (SAs) have become an emerging pollutant of great concern around the world. In this study, we investigated the degradation process and mechanism of sulfamerazine (SMR), sulfadiazine (SDZ), and sulfapyridine (SPD) by electron-beam irradiation (EBI). The results showed that the three SAs were well suited to the pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics, and they could be almost completely removed with high efficiency (5 kGy). Among the environmental factors, pH (3.0) and O2 atmosphere can further enhance the removal of the sulfonamides (SAs), while NO2- has the most pronounced degrading inhibitory effects among the many ions, these results illustrate that hydroxyl radicals play a dominant role. Compared with SMR and SDZ, the degree of mineralization of lower molecular weight SPD is obvious (45%). LC-MS and DFT calculations indicate that the concentrations of degradation products of the three SAs show a tendency to increase and then decrease, demonstrating that EBI can achieve efficient removal and further mineralization of SAs. Meanwhile, the results of the common product 4-Aminophenol produced during the degradation process further indicate that HO is the predominant reactive oxygen species (ROS). In addition, acute toxicity experiments with luminescent bacteria and predictions of ECOSAR procedures proved the toxic effects greatly decreased after the degradation. This study provides new ideas for achieving efficient and profound removal of emerging pollutants from the aquatic environment.

7.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 73, 2021 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurotrophic tropomyosin receptor kinases (NTRKs) are a gene family function as oncogene or tumor suppressor gene in distinct cancers. We aimed to investigate the methylation and expression profiles and prognostic value of NTRKs gene in colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: An analysis of DNA methylation and expression profiles in CRC patients was performed to explore the critical methylations within NTRKs genes. The methylation marker was validated in a retrospectively collected cohort of 229 CRC patients and tested in other tumor types from TCGA. DNA methylation status was determined by quantitative methylation-specific PCR (QMSP). RESULTS: The profiles in six CRC cohorts showed that NTRKs gene promoter was more frequently methylated in CRC compared to normal mucosa, which was associated with suppressed gene expression. We identified a specific methylated region within NTRK3 promoter targeted by cg27034819 and cg11525479 that best predicted survival outcome in CRC. NTRK3 promoter methylation showed independently predictive value for survival outcome in the validation cohort (P = 0.004, HR 2.688, 95% CI [1.355, 5.333]). Based on this, a nomogram predicting survival outcome was developed with a C-index of 0.705. Furthermore, the addition of NTRK3 promoter methylation improved the performance of currently-used prognostic model (AIC: 516.49 vs 513.91; LR: 39.06 vs 43.64, P = 0.032). Finally, NTRK3 promoter methylation also predicted survival in other tumors, including pancreatic cancer, glioblastoma and stomach adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the essential value of NTRK3 methylation in prognostic evaluation and the potential to improve current prognostic models in CRC and other tumors.

8.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(1): 111-115, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509762

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of restrictive fluid management in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). METHODS: Between January, 2019 and June, 2020, we randomly assigned 51 postoperative patients (stay in the ICU of no less than 7 days) with sTBI into treatment group (n=25) with restrictive fluid management and the control group (n=26) with conventional fluid management. The data of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MAC- PI), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) level, inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter, Glascow Coma Scale (GCS) score, mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and fluid balance of the patients were collected at ICU admission and at 1, 3 and 7 days after ICU admission, and the duration of mechanical ventilation, ICU stay, and 28-day mortality were recorded. RESULTS: The cumulative fluid balance of the two groups were positive on day 1 and negative on days 3 and 7 after ICU admission; at the same time points, the patients in the treatment group had significantly greater negative fluid balance than those in the control group (P < 0.05). In both of the groups, the ONSD and MCA-PI values were significantly higher on day 1 than the baseline (P < 0.05), reached the peak levels on day 3, and decreased on day 7; at the same time point, these values were significantly lower in the treatment group than in the control group (P < 0.05). No significant difference was found in NSE level on day 1 between the two groups (P>0.05); on day 3, NSE level reached the peak level and was significantly higher in the control group (P < 0.05); on day 7, NSE level was lowered the level of day 1 in the treatment group but remained higher than day 1 level in the control group. The 28-day mortality rate did not differ significantly between the two groups (16.00% vs 23.08%, P>0.05); the duration of mechanical ventilation, length of ICU stay, and the number of tracheotomy were all significantly shorter or lower in the treatment group than in the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Restrictive fluid management can reduce cerebral edema and improve the prognosis but does not affect the 28-day mortality of patients with sTBI.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Hidratação , Humanos , Prognóstico , Respiração Artificial , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 9(1): e26836, 2021 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 epidemic is still spreading globally. Contact tracing is a vital strategy in epidemic emergency management; however, traditional contact tracing faces many limitations in practice. The application of digital technology provides an opportunity for local governments to trace the contacts of individuals with COVID-19 more comprehensively, efficiently, and precisely. OBJECTIVE: Our research aimed to provide new solutions to overcome the limitations of traditional contact tracing by introducing the organizational process, technical process, and main achievements of digital contact tracing in Hainan Province. METHODS: A graph database algorithm, which can efficiently process complex relational networks, was applied in Hainan Province; this algorithm relies on a governmental big data platform to analyze multisource COVID-19 epidemic data and build networks of relationships among high-risk infected individuals, the general population, vehicles, and public places to identify and trace contacts. We summarized the organizational and technical process of digital contact tracing in Hainan Province based on interviews and data analyses. RESULTS: An integrated emergency management command system and a multi-agency coordination mechanism were formed during the emergency management of the COVID-19 epidemic in Hainan Province. The collection, storage, analysis, and application of multisource epidemic data were realized based on the government's big data platform using a centralized model. The graph database algorithm is compatible with this platform and can analyze multisource and heterogeneous big data related to the epidemic. These practices were used to quickly and accurately identify and trace 10,871 contacts among hundreds of thousands of epidemic data records; 378 closest contacts and a number of public places with high risk of infection were identified. A confirmed patient was found after quarantine measures were implemented by all contacts. CONCLUSIONS: During the emergency management of the COVID-19 epidemic, Hainan Province used a graph database algorithm to trace contacts in a centralized model, which can identify infected individuals and high-risk public places more quickly and accurately. This practice can provide support to government agencies to implement precise, agile, and evidence-based emergency management measures and improve the responsiveness of the public health emergency response system. Strengthening data security, improving tracing accuracy, enabling intelligent data collection, and improving data-sharing mechanisms and technologies are directions for optimizing digital contact tracing.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Busca de Comunicante/métodos , Epidemias/prevenção & controle , Algoritmos , Big Data , China/epidemiologia , Gráficos por Computador , Visualização de Dados , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos
10.
Eur J Radiol ; 133: 109368, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the ability of liver acquisition with volume acceleration contrast-enhanced sequence (LAVA-ce) to improve the accuracy of reassessing adjacent organ involvement by rectal mucinous adenocarcinoma (MC) after neoadjuvant therapy (NAT). METHODS: This study retrospectively enrolled twenty-five patients with MC who underwent pre- and post-NAT MRI, were staged as T4b using pre-NAT T2 weighted imaging, received NAT and underwent radical resection. All MR images were divided into two schemes, T2 weighted plus diffusion weighted imaging (T2Dw protocol) and plus LAVA-ce (T2DwLce protocol). All patients were scored on a 0-4 scale to reassess organ-invasive mucus components. Postoperative pathology was used to identify the involvement of surrounding organs (ypT4b). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the consistency of the results with pathology after adding fs-CE sequence. RESULTS: Among 25 MC patients (15 males and 10 females, aged 21-89 years), 21 were restaged as yT4b after NAT by using T2Dw, with an accuracy of 44.0 % (11/25), which was lower than the accuracy of staging patients with non-mucinous rectal adenocarcinoma (94.1 %, 96/102). The accuracy of MC restaging was improved by using T2DwLce (23/25). The AUC of T2DwLce was 0.857 (95 % CI, 0.660∼0.964), which was higher than that of T2Dw (AUC, 0.611 [95 % CI, 0.397∼0.798]) (P = 0.019). CONCLUSION: The LAVA-ce sequence can improve the accuracy of reevaluation and should be included in the MRI protocol for MC patients.

11.
Nano Lett ; 20(11): 8415-8419, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095021

RESUMO

One-dimensional sp-hybridized carbon wires, including cumulenes and polyynes, can be regarded as finite versions of carbynes. They are likely to be good candidates for molecular-scale conducting wires as they are predicted to have a high-conductance. In this study, we first characterize the single-molecule conductance of a series of cumulenes and polyynes with a backbone ranging in length from 4 to 8 carbon atoms, including [7]cumulene, the longest cumulenic carbon wire studied to date for molecular electronics. We observe different length dependence of conductance when comparing these two forms of carbon wires. Polyynes exhibit conductance decays with increasing molecular length, while cumulenes show a conductance increase with increasing molecular length. Their distinct conducting behaviors are attributed to their different bond length alternation, which is supported by theoretical calculations. This study confirms the long-standing theoretical predictions on sp-hybridized carbon wires and demonstrates that cumulenes can form highly conducting molecular wires.

12.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 32(8): 938-942, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912406

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between the expression of microRNA-126 (miR-126) in peripheral blood lymphocytes with apoptosis and prognosis in patients with sepsis, and to explore its potential regulatory mechanism. METHODS: Thirty patients with general infection and 20 patients with sepsis admitted to the department of intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College from January to December 2019 were enrolled. Peripheral blood was taken to separate lymphocytes, and the expressions of miR-126 and caspase-3 were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). At the same time, the liver and kidney function and other laboratory indexes were measured, and the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) scores were calculated. The 28-day prognosis was observed. Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation between miR-126 and caspase-3, APACHE II score. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of miR-126 on prognosis; at the same time, according to the best cut-off value of miR-126 in predicting prognosis, the patients were divided into two groups, and the 28-day Kaplan-Meier survival curve was drawn. RESULTS: The expression of miR-126 in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with sepsis was lower than that of patients with general infection [miR-126 mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 1.239±0.134 vs. 1.599±0.110, P < 0.01], while the expression of caspase-3 and APACHE II score were significantly increased [caspase-3 mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 1.172±0.132 vs. 0.901±0.143, APACHE II: 19.75±3.74 vs. 12.63±3.94, both P < 0.01]. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the expression of miR-126 was negatively correlated with the expression of caspase-3 (r = -0.678, P < 0.001) and APACHE II score (r = -0.581, P < 0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) for predicting the prognosis by miR-126 expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes was 0.823 (P < 0.001). When the best cut-off value was 1.395, the sensitivity was 75.0%, the specificity was 71.4%, the positive predictive value was 81.1%, the negative predictive value was 63.6%, the positive likelihood ratio was 2.622, and the negative likelihood ratio 0.350. In addition, the patients were divided into high miR-126 group (miR-126 > 1.395, n = 31) and low miR-126 group (miR-126 ≤ 1.395, n = 19) according to the best cut-off value of miR-126. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the 28-day cumulative survival rate of high miR-126 group was higher than that of low miR-126 group (Log-Rank: χ2 = 11.702, P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: miR-126 in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with sepsis may affect immune status by promoting apoptosis of lymphocytes, and its expression level can reflect the severity and prognosis of sepsis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Sepse , Apoptose , Humanos , Linfócitos , Prognóstico
13.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(5): 89, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973938

RESUMO

In order to provide an idea dose of polymyxin B in Chinese patients with renal impairment, the present study collected the clinical data of all patients with renal impairment who received polymyxin B therapy in the intensive care unit (ICU) of The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College (Bengbu, China). The clinical data of six patients treated in the ICU between February 2018 and May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had renal impairment and were treated with polymyxin B combination therapy. The patients in the current study received polymyxin B and carbapenem, or polymyxin, carbapenem, cefoperazon and sulbactam, or polymyxin B, carbapenems and aminoglycoside treatment. One patient discontinued treatment. The other five patients received polymyxin B at a dosage of 50 mg every 12 h (100 mg/day) through an intravenous drip. During treatment, four of the five patients had deteriorating renal function to varying degrees, and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was initiated. Polymyxin B was discontinued in all patients when the infection was controlled. After treatment, four of five patients showed improvement in renal function, and had normal kidney function at the 1-month follow-up evaluation, whereas one patient had chronic renal disease. During hospitalization, one patient experienced neurotoxicity, showing decreased limb muscle strength and cognitive impairment, which might have been caused by polymyxin B, according to the Naranjo adverse drug reactions probability scale (also known as the Naranjo algorithm) score. The present report demonstrated that the administration of 100 mg daily dosage of polymyxin B to the five patients weighing between 50 and 75 kg, could control pulmonary infection during the course of treatment of Chinese patients with renal impairment, however, further research is needed to verify this result. Risk factors for nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity need to be fully assessed before initiating polymyxin B therapy in patients with renal impairment.

14.
Nanotechnology ; 31(50): 505710, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906092

RESUMO

We have successfully fabricated Ti-based MXenes flakes, Ti3C2Tx, by chemical etching, then prepared it as an organic dispersion and finally spin-coated it on polyimide plastic substrate for terahertz wave shielding. The shielding effectivity of the 12 µm ultra-thin film can reach up to 17 dB measured by the terahertz time-domain spectra. We can attribute the excellent phenomenon to the intrinsic absorption of triple-layered Ti3C2, due to the similar double-peak type refraction curves, which have been respectively observed from the experimental samples and the simulation ones. High conductivity and strong THz absorption indicate the Ti3C2Tx MXene is the absorptive electromagnetic shielding material. Comparing with other kinds of THz shielding materials, the Ti-based MXenes might be a potential candidate for the next generation of ultra-thin and lightweight THz shielding.

15.
J Food Sci ; 85(10): 3618-3627, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940351

RESUMO

Apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) is an important fruit tree species worldwide. Apple fruits are favored by consumers because of their antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antitumor effects as well as their protective effects against cardiovascular diseases and other health benefits. There is considerable interest in red-fleshed apple fruits among breeders because of their high flavonoid and anthocyanin contents. However, the flavonoids extracted from red-fleshed apple fruits must still be functionally characterized, especially regarding their protective effects against certain pathologies. In this study, the flavonoid components and contents in the extracts prepared from red-fleshed apple cultivar "Meihong" were determined. Additionally, the in vitro antioxidant activities and protective effects of the extracts against CCl4 -induced acute liver injury were investigated. The red-fleshed apple flesh flavonoid extract (RAFF) exhibited strong in vitro antioxidant activities. Compared with the model control mice treated with CCl4 , the mice pretreated with high (800 mg/kg·bw), middle (400 mg/kg·bw), and low (200 mg/kg·bw) RAFF doses had significantly lower CCl4 -induced serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase activities. Moreover, the RAFF pretreatment also significantly decreased the liver malondialdehyde activity and prevented the CCl4 -induced decrease in liver superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, and reduced glutathione levels. Furthermore, a histopathological examination revealed that RAFF inhibited the inflammatory cell infiltration and cell boundary loss caused by CCl4 in the liver. Thus, RAFF is a natural antioxidant with significant antioxidative activities and liver protective effects. The results of this study may be relevant for enhancing the application of the red-fleshed apple fruit extract as a food additive. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: We took the self-selected red-fleshed apple cultivar "Meihong" as the unique research material, and the active ingredients of its flavonoid extract, in vitro antioxidant activity and hepatoprotective effect were analyzed. It is of great significance to promote the development of the red-fleshed apple industry, and also provides an important reference for the development of natural antioxidants.

16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(11): 5654-5664, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931410

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic coccus, designated CK1056T, was isolated from coastal sediment of Xiaoshi Island, Weihai, PR China. Strain CK1056T was found to grow at 15-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), with 0.5-6.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.5 %) and displayed alkaliphilic growth within the pH range of pH 6.5-10.0 (optimum, pH 8.0). The major fatty acids identified were iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). The main polar lipids consisted of aminophosphoglycolipid and phosphatidylethanolamine. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 54.0 mol%. The result of the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis confirmed the affiliation of this micro-organism to the family Puniceicoccaceae, with Coraliomargarita akajimensis KCTC 12865T as its closest relative with only 88.0 % sequence similarity. From the taxonomic data obtained in this study, we propose that the new marine isolate be placed into a novel species within a novel genus in the family Puniceicoccaceae, phylum Verrucomicrobia, for which the name Oceanipulchritudo coccoides gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CK1056T (=KCTC 72798T=MCCC 1H00425T).

17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14625, 2020 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32884073

RESUMO

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the upper respiratory tract. Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a widely used plasticizer and belongs to environmental endocrine disruptors (EDCs). It can be entered the human body which is harmful to health. The relationship between DEHP and AR is still inconclusive. This study aims to investigate the effect of environmental pollutants DEHP on AR. By examining DEHP metabolites in the urine of AR patients and building an AR model. 24 BALB/c mice were used as the study subjects, and ovalbumin (OVA) and DEHP (3 mg/kg/body) were used for intragastric administration. They were divided into control group, DEHP group, OVA group and OVA + DEHP group. Examination, behavioral scoring, inflammatory factor testing, oxidative stress testing, detection of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and signaling pathways CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 related proteins and mRNA. The concentrations of 3 metabolites of DEHP (MEHHP, MEOHP, and MEHP) in urine of AR patients were higher. And HE-staining showed that for the control group, many chronic inflammatory cell infiltration and nasal mucosal destruction were observed in the OVA + DEHP group and were more severe than the OVA group. Allergic symptom scores were obtained from sneezing, scratching, number of scratching, and nose flow. The scores of the OVA group and the OVA + DEHP group were higher than 7 points. Serum ELISA and nasal mucosal oxidative stress tests are more serious in the OVA + DEHP group. The expression of AhR protein and its mRNA was increased in the DEHP group, OVA group and OVA + DEHP group. The OVA + DEHP group was more significant in the OVA group and DEHP group. And the mRNAs of the AhR-related signaling pathways CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 were also more prominent in the OVA + DEHP group. DEHP may aggravate its inflammatory response through the AhR pathway closely related to the environment. When combined with OVA, DEHP can further aggravate the OVA-induced nasal inflammatory response and make the nasal cavity have undergone severe changes, and many inflammatory cells have infiltrated. DEHP has shown an adjuvant effect, and the AhR-related signaling pathways CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 may be critical.

18.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 7571-7583, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801774

RESUMO

Purpose: The chemoresistance of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) limited the application of chemotherapy in colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment. Herein, we aimed to uncover the potential mechanism behind the 5-FU resistance of CRC cells. Methods: The abundance of long noncoding RNA urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (lncRNA UCA1), microRNA-23b-3p (miR-23b-3p) and zinc finger protein 281 (ZNF281) was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in CRC tissues and cells. Western blot was conducted to examine autophagy-related proteins, apoptosis-associated proteins and ZNF281 in CRC tissues and cells. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay was performed to detect the viability and inhibitory concentration 50% (IC50) value of 5-FU of CRC cells. The apoptosis of CRC cells was measured by flow cytometry. The binding sites between miR-23b-3p and UCA1 or ZNF281 were predicted by miRcode and Starbase software, respectively, and the combination was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RIP assay. Murine xenograft model was established to verify the role of UCA1 on the 5-FU resistance of CRC in vivo. Results: The 5-FU resistance of CRC was positively related to the level of UCA1 and autophagy. UCA1 accelerated the 5-FU resistance of CRC cells through facilitating autophagy and suppressing apoptosis. MiR-23b-3p was a target of UCA1 in 293T and CRC cells. The knockdown of miR-23b-3p reversed the inhibitory effects of UCA1 interference on the 5-FU resistance and autophagy and the promoting impact on the apoptosis of CRC cells. ZNF281 could bind to miR-23b-3p in 293T cells. MiR-23b-3p elevated the 5-FU sensitivity through down-regulating ZNF281 in CRC cells. UCA1 interference enhanced the 5-FU sensitivity of CRC through miR-23b-3p/ZNF281 axis in vivo. Conclusion: UCA1 mediated 5-FU resistance of CRC cells through facilitating autophagy and inhibiting apoptosis via miR-23b-3p/ZNF281 axis in vivo and in vitro.

19.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 155: 464-471, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823247

RESUMO

Salt stress is an important environmental factor affecting the growth and production of agricultural crops and fruits worldwide, including apple (Malus × domestica). In this study, we demonstrate that a salt-responsive MYB transcription factor (TF), designated as MdMYB63, promotes survival under salt stress. Overexpression of MdMYB63 in apple calli significantly enhanced salt tolerance. Screening of the AP2/ERF family of TFs identified MdERF106 as an interaction partner of MdMYB63. Further analyses showed that the MdMYB63-MdERF106 complex significantly promotes the expression of downstream MdSOS1, thereby improving the Na+ expulsion and salt tolerance of apple. These functional analyses of MdMYB63 have provided valuable insights into the regulatory network of salt tolerance, and lay a theoretical foundation for the cultivation of new salt-tolerant apple varieties.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813653

RESUMO

The goal of our work is to discover dominant objects in a very general setting where only a single unlabeled image is given. This is far more challenge than typical colocalization or weakly-supervised localization tasks. To tackle this problem, we propose a simple but effective pattern mining-based method, called Object Location Mining (OLM), which exploits the advantages of data mining and feature representation of pretrained convolutional neural networks (CNNs). Specifically, we first convert the feature maps from a pre-trained CNN model into a set of transactions, and then discovers frequent patterns from transaction database through pattern mining techniques. We observe that those discovered patterns, i.e., co-occurrence highlighted regions, typically hold appearance and spatial consistency. Motivated by this observation, we can easily discover and localize possible objects by merging relevant meaningful patterns. Extensive experiments on a variety of benchmarks demonstrate that OLM achieves competitive localization performance compared with the state-of-the-art methods. We also evaluate our approach compared with unsupervised saliency detection methods and achieves competitive results on seven benchmark datasets. Moreover, we conduct experiments on finegrained classification to show that our proposed method can locate the entire object and parts accurately, which can benefit to improving the classification results significantly.

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