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1.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(11): 1276-80, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762384

RESUMO

Taking the clinical trial of acupuncture in treatment of postprandial distress syndrome as an example, this paper proposes that the acupuncture clinical trial protocol should be optimized in view of acupuncture prescription, acupuncture frequency and outcomes. Besides, the data quality of acupuncture clinical trial should be improved in consideration of data sharing and electronic data capture so as to provide a reference for the majority of researchers to optimize and implement acupuncture clinical trial.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Dispepsia/terapia , Humanos , Pesquisadores , Gastropatias/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 3): 132305, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metal exposures are suspected to associate with the risk of hyperuricemia (HUA), but the current results are still conflicting. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between multiple plasma metal exposures and HUA risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1406 Chinese Han adults who underwent routine physical examination in the Eighth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University in Shenzhen. The plasma levels of 13 metals were measured by the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Multivariable logistic, linear regression models, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) penalized regression analysis, and restricted cubic spline (RCS) models were applied to assess the associations. RESULTS: The median plasma uric acid concentration in HUA group (434 µmol/L) was significantly higher than that in non-HUA group (305 µmol/L). The multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of HUA were 1.62(1.08-2.43) for magnesium, 1.61(1.05-2.47) for copper, 1.62(1.06-2.49) for zinc, 1.87(1.26-2.81) for arsenic, 1.50(1.01-2.23) for selenium, and 1.70(1.16-2.49) for thallium based on the single-metal logistic regression models, comparing the highest versus the lowest quartile of metal levels. Further multi-metal logistic, linear regression models and the LASSO analysis all indicated positive associations of zinc, arsenic with HUA risk or uric acid levels. RCS model indicated an inverted V-shaped positive association between zinc levels and HUA risk (p for non-linearity = 0.048, p for overall association = 0.022), while arsenic levels showed a positive and linear dose-response relationship with HUA risk (p for non-linearity = 0.892, p for overall association<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Higher plasma levels of zinc and arsenic might increase HUA risk and showed positive dose-response relationships. Further cohort studies in larger population are required to testify our findings.

7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that results in the specific destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of exopolysaccharide from Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides XG5 (XG5 EPS) against type 1 diabetes. RESULTS: Long-term drench of XG5 EPS delayed the onset of autoimmune diabetes and had fewer islets with high-grade infiltration (an insulitis score of 3 or 4) than untreated NOD mice. Oral administration of 50 mg kg-1  d-1 XG5 EPS increased the insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels of serum, stimulated GLP-1 secretion and upregulated gcg mRNA expression of colon in NOD mice. Moreover, oral administration of 50 mg kg-1  d-1 XG5 EPS significantly increased total short-chain fatty acids levels in the colon contents, especially those of acetic acid and butyric acid. In NCI-H716 cells, 500 and 1000 µmol L-1 sodium butyrate promoted the secretion of GLP-1 and upregulated the mRNA expression of gcg and PC3, while XG5 EPS and sodium acetate did not stimulate the GLP-1 secretion. Therefore, long-term drench of XG5 EPS delayed the onset of autoimmune diabetes, which may be directly correlated with the increase of butyrate in the colon of NOD mice. CONCLUSION: Long-term drench of 50 mg kg-1  d-1 XG5 EPS promoted the expression and secretion of GLP-1 by increasing the production of butyric acid, thereby delaying T1D onset in NOD mice. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

8.
Stem Cell Res ; 55: 102502, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419747

RESUMO

Usher syndrome 2A (USH2A) is one of the most common genes associated with Usher syndrome type II (USH2) and nonsyndromic autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP). Here, we describe the generation and characterization of two human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) lines from a RP patient with compound heterogeneous USH2A variants and a USH2 patient with homozygous USH2A variant. Blood samples were obtained and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were reprogrammed using the non-integrative Sendai virus to generate the iPSC lines. The established hiPSC lines retained the disease-associated variants and showed normal karyotype, pluripotency and differentiation capacity.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Retinite Pigmentosa , Síndromes de Usher , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Mutação
9.
J Pain Res ; 14: 2369-2379, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393507

RESUMO

Background: Whether the clinical effect of acupuncture in chronic pain is effective has always been a hot topic of research, which has a great relationship with the overall reporting descriptions of acupuncture, especially the sham acupuncture intervention. To confirm the effectiveness of acupuncture, more clinical studies are often required. Therefore, it is necessary to report high-quality and complete descriptions of acupuncture in clinical trials. This study aims to assess the overall reporting quality of acupuncture for chronic pain in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: Three databases from inception to March 2020 were searched, to assess the quality of acupuncture reports included the RCTs based on the pain-specific supplement to Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials (CONSORT) and Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) guidelines. The quality of sham acupuncture descriptions was evaluated based on the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR)-placebo checklist. Descriptive statistics and analysis of the results were carried out according to the percentage of each item. Results: A total of 74 RCTs were included which met the inclusion criteria. Based on the pain-specific CONSORT, the reporting rates of "Statistical methods", "Participant flow", and "Blinding" were "52.70%", "70.27%", and "77.03%", respectively. The weakest reported items in STRICTA were related to the depth of insertion (Item 2c, 54.05%) and the setting and context of treatment (Item 4b, 0.00%). Based on the TIDieR-placebo checklist, the reporting rates of "Item 12", "Item 11", "Item 13", "Item 3", and "Item 4" were "8.11%", "10.81%", "29.73%", " 44.59% ", and "47.30%", respectively. Conclusion: At present, the overall report quality of acupuncture treatment for chronic pain in English journals is acceptable, but the report rate in some aspects is still low. In the future, researchers should report RCTs of acupuncture following cleaner checklists and guidelines.

10.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 692508, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421571

RESUMO

Background: Acupuncture may be a promising complementary therapy for vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) and has been extensively applied in China. However, its potential effects remain uncertain, and the clinical findings are inconsistent. This review aimed to systematically appraise the overall effectiveness and safety of acupuncture in treating VCI. Methods: To investigate the effects of acupuncture on VCI from inception to February 28, 2021 using randomized clinical trials (RCTs), seven electro-databases [Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), VIP, and Wanfang] were searched. Two independent investigators identified the eligible RCTs and extracted data into predesigned forms. The risk of bias (ROB) within each individual trial was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. Meta-analyses were conducted for calculating comparative effects in the RevMan software (version 5.3). The strength of attained evidence was rated using the online GRADEpro approach. Results: A total of 48 RCTs involving 3,778 patients with VCI were included. The pooled data demonstrated that acupuncture was more beneficial for a global cognitive function [mean difference (MD) 1.86, 95% CI 1.19-2.54, p < 0.01] and activities of daily living (MD -3.08, 95% CI -4.81 to -1.35, p < 0.01) compared with western medicine (WM). The favorable results were also observed when acupuncture was combined with WM (MD 2.37, 95% CI 1.6-3.14, p < 0.01) or usual care (UC, MD 4.4, 95% CI 1.61-7.19, p = 0.002) in comparison with the corresponding control conditions. Meanwhile, the subgroup analysis did not indicate a statistical effect difference between manual acupuncture (MA) and electroacupuncture (EA) (inter-group I 2 < 50% and p > 0.1) when comparing acupuncture with WM. There were no significant differences in the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) between the acupuncture group and the control group (p > 0.05). Owing to the poor methodological quality and considerable heterogeneity among studies, the certainty of the evidence was low or very low. Conclusions: This review suggests that acupuncture as a monotherapy or an adjuvant therapy may play a positive role in improving the cognition and daily performance of VCI patients associated with few side effects. The difference in styles may not significantly influence its effectiveness. More rigorously designed and preregistered RCTs are highly desirable to verify the therapeutic benefits and determine an optimal acupuncture paradigm. The methodological and reporting quality of future researches should be enhanced by adhering to authoritative standardized statements. Systematic Review Registration: [PROSPERO], identifier [No. CRD42017071820].

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427740

RESUMO

PURPOSES: North Carolina macular dystrophy (NCMD) is a rare autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by macular impairment with a variety of phenotypic manifestations. The aims of this study were to assess the clinical features of a Chinese family with NCMD and to identify the underlying genetic cause of the disease. METHODS: Three patients from a Chinese family were included in this study. Detailed ophthalmological examinations were performed, including best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit lamp, dilated indirect ophthalmoscopy, fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), fundus autofluorescence, full-field electroretinography (ERG), and electrooculography (EOG). Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples. Whole-genome sequencing and long-read genome sequencing were applied to detect the pathogenic variants. Sanger sequencing was performed to confirm the breakpoints. RESULTS: All three patients had macular involvement ranging from patchy yellowish-white lesions to big-area thinning, which are typical for NCMD. The BCVA ranged from 20/50 to 20/20. OCT revealed varying degrees of macular structure disorganization. The ERG responses were normal, and the Arden ration of the EOG was reduced. A novel 134.6 kb (g.99932464-100067110dup) tandem duplication on chromosome 6 (NC_000006.11) encompassing the entire CCNC and PRDM13 genes and a DNase 1 hypersensitivity site in the MCDR1 locus was identified. CONCLUSION: A novel large tandem duplication in MCDR1 locus was confirmed in a Chinese family with NCMD with a variety of macular phenotypes.

12.
EClinicalMedicine ; 37: 100955, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34386745

RESUMO

Background: Viral infections of the respiratory tract represent a major global health concern. Co-infection with bacteria may contribute to severe disease and increased mortality in patients. Nevertheless, viral-bacterial co-infection patterns and their clinical outcomes have not been well characterized to date. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical features and outcomes of patients with viral-bacterial respiratory tract co-infections. Methods: We included 19,361 patients with respiratory infection due to respiratory viruses [influenza A and B, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza] and/or bacteria in four tertiary hospitals in Hong Kong from 2013 to 2017 using a large territory-wide healthcare database. All microbiological tests were conducted within 48 h of hospital admission. Four etiological groups were included: (1) viral infection alone; (2) bacterial infection alone; (3) laboratory-confirmed viral-bacterial co-infection and (4) clinically suspected viral-bacterial co-infection who were tested positive for respiratory virus and negative for bacteria but had received at least four days of antibiotics. Clinical features and outcomes were recorded for laboratory-confirmed viral-bacterial co-infection patients compared to other three groups as control. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes were intensive care unit (ICU) admission and length of hospital stay. Propensity score matching estimated by binary logistic regression was used to adjust for the potential bias that may affect the association between outcomes and covariates. Findings: Among 15,906 patients with respiratory viral infection, there were 8451 (53.1%) clinically suspected and 1,087 (6.8%) laboratory-confirmed viral-bacterial co-infection. Among all the bacterial species, Haemophilus influenzae (226/1,087, 20.8%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (180/1087, 16.6%) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (123/1087, 11.3%) were the three most common bacterial pathogens in the laboratory-confirmed co-infection group. Respiratory viruses co-infected with non-pneumococcal streptococci or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was associated with the highest death rate [9/30 (30%) and 13/48 (27.1%), respectively] in this cohort. Compared with other infection groups, patients with laboratory-confirmed co-infection had higher ICU admission rate (p < 0.001) and mortality rate at 30 days (p = 0.028), and these results persisted after adjustment for potential confounders using propensity score matching. Furthermore, patients with laboratory-confirmed co-infection had significantly higher mortality compared to patients with bacterial infection alone. Interpretation: In our cohort, bacterial co-infection is common in hospitalized patients with viral respiratory tract infection and is associated with higher ICU admission rate and mortality. Therefore, active surveillance for bacterial co-infection and early antibiotic treatment may be required to improve outcomes in patients with respiratory viral infection.

13.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(13)2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206650

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that the energy release capacity of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)/Al with Si, and CuO, respectively, is higher than that of PTFE/Al. PTFE/Al/Si/CuO reactive materials with four proportions of PTFE/Si were designed by the molding-sintering process to study the influence of different PTFE/Si mass ratios on energy release. A drop hammer was selected for igniting the specimens, and the high-speed camera and spectrometer systems were used to record the energy release process and the flame spectrum, respectively. The ignition height of the reactive material was obtained by fitting the relationship between the flame duration and the drop height. It was found that the ignition height of PTFE/Al/Si/CuO containing 20% PTFE/Si is 48.27 cm, which is the lowest compared to the ignition height of other Si/PTFE ratios of PTFE/Al/Si/CuO; the flame temperature was calculated from the flame spectrum. It was found that flame temperature changes little for the same reactive material at different drop heights. Compared with the flame temperature of PTFE/Al/Si/CuO with four mass ratios, it was found that the flame temperature of PTFE/Al/Si/CuO with 20% PTFE/Si is the highest, which is 2589 K. The results show that PTFE/Al/Si/CuO containing 20% PTFE/Si is easier to be ignited and has a stronger temperature destruction effect.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 701434, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305868

RESUMO

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a primary greenhouse gas and the main cause of global warming. Respiration from plant cells and microorganisms enables CO2 to be produced during ensiling, a method of moist forage preservation applied worldwide. However, limited information is available regarding CO2 emissions and mitigation during ensiling. Pyroligneous acid, a by-product of plant biomass pyrolysis, has a strong antibacterial capacity. To investigate CO2 production and the influence of pyroligneous acid, fresh stylo, and rice straw were ensiled with or without 1% or 2% pyroligneous acid. Dynamics of the fermentation characteristics, CO2 production, and bacterial communities during ensiling were analyzed. Pyroligneous acid increased the lactic acid content and decreased the weight losses, pH, ammonia-N content, butyric acid content, and coliform bacterial numbers (all P < 0.05). It also increased the relative abundance of Lactobacillus and decreased the relative abundances of harmful bacteria such as Enterobacter and Lachnoclostridium. Adding pyrolytic acids reduced the gas production, especially of CO2. It also increased the relative abundances of CO2-producing bacterial genera and of genera with the potential for CO2 fixation. In conclusion, adding pyroligneous acid improved the fermentation quality of the two silages. During ensiling, CO2 production was correlated with bacterial community alterations. Using pyroligneous acid altered the bacterial community to reduce CO2 production during ensiling. Given the large production and demand for silage worldwide, application of pyroligneous acid may be an effective method of mitigating global warming via CO2 emissions.

16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(11): 2004507, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141522

RESUMO

Mitochondrial epigenetics is rising as intriguing notion for its potential involvement in aging and diseases, while the details remain largely unexplored. Here it is shown that among the 13 mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encoded genes, NADH-dehydrogenase 6 (ND6) transcript is primarily decreased in obese and type 2 diabetes populations, which negatively correlates with its distinctive hypermethylation. Hepatic mtDNA sequencing in mice unveils that ND6 presents the highest methylation level, which dramatically increases under diabetic condition due to enhanced mitochondrial translocation of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) promoted by free fatty acid through adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation. Hepatic knockdown of ND6 or overexpression of Dnmt1 similarly impairs mitochondrial function and induces systemic insulin resistance both in vivo and in vitro. Genetic or chemical targeting hepatic DNMT1 shows significant benefits against insulin resistance associated metabolic disorders. These findings highlight the pivotal role of ND6 epigenetic network in regulating mitochondrial function and onset of insulin resistance, shedding light on potential preventive and therapeutic strategies of insulin resistance and related metabolic disorders from a perspective of mitochondrial epigenetics.

17.
Cancer Biomark ; 32(1): 19-36, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating miRNAs are promising biomarkers for detection of various cancers. As a "developmental" disorder, cancer showed great similarities with embryos. OBJECTIVE: A comprehensive analysis of circulating miRNAs in umbilical cord blood (UCB) and pan-cancers was conducted to identify circulating miRNAs with potential for cancer detection. METHODS: A total of 3831 cancer samples (2050 serum samples from 15 types of cancers and 1781 plasma samples from 13 types of cancers) and 248 UCB samples (120 serum and 128 plasma samples) with corresponding NCs from Chinese populations were analyzed via consistent experiment workflow with Exiqon panel followed by multiple-stage validation with qRT-PCR. RESULTS: Thirty-four serum and 32 plasma miRNAs were dysregulated in at least one type of cancer. Eighteen serum and 16 plasma miRNAs were related with embryos. Among them, 9 serum and 8 plasma miRNAs with consistent expression patterns between pan-cancers and UCB were identified as circulating oncofetal miRNAs. Retrospective analysis confirmed the diagnostic ability of circulating oncofetal miRNAs for specific cancers. And the oncofetal miRNAs were mainly up-regulated in tissues of pan-cancers. CONCLUSIONS: Our study might serve as bases for the potential application of the non-invasive biomarkers in the future clinical.

18.
Biosci Rep ; 41(6)2021 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076696

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) prove to be promising diagnostic biomarkers for various cancers, including endometrial cancer (EC). The present study aims to identify serum microRNAs that can serve as potential biomarkers for EC diagnosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 92 EC and 102 normal control (NC) serum samples were analyzed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in this four-phase experiment. The logistic regression method was used to construct a diagnostic model based on the differentially expressed miRNAs in serum. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value. To further validate the diagnostic capacity of the identified signature, the 6-miRNA marker was compared with previously reported biomarkers and verified in three public datasets. In addition, the expression characteristics of the identified miRNAs were further explored in tissue and serum exosomes samples. RESULTS: Six miRNAs (miR-143-3p, miR-195-5p, miR-20b-5p, miR-204-5p, miR-423-3p, and miR-484) were significantly overexpressed in the serum of EC compared with NCs. Areas under the ROC of the 6-miRNA signatures were 0.748, 0.833, and 0.967 for the training, testing, and the external validation phases, respectively. The identified signature has a very stable diagnostic performance in the large cohorts of three public datasets. Compared with previously identified miRNA biomarkers, the 6-miRNA signature in the present study has superior performance in diagnosing EC. Moreover, the expression of miR-143-3p and miR-195-5p in tissues and the expression of miR-20b-5p in serum exosomes were consistent with those in serum. CONCLUSIONS: We established a 6-miRNA signature in serum and they could function as potential non-invasive biomarker for EC diagnosis.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 662966, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079531

RESUMO

Whole plant soybean (WPS) is a kind of legume resource with characteristics of high nutrition, large biomass, and wide distribution. In the present study, we have investigated the feasibility and effects of gallic acid (GA) on WPS silage quality, nitrogen distribution, tannin content, and bacterial community. The 0.5 and 1% (fresh matter basis) GA were added into WPS for dynamic ensiling (days 3, 7, 14, and 30, respectively). The results showed that the WPS silage with GA addition significantly decreased pH value (6.16-5.38 at ensiling day 30), coliform bacteria count and butyric acid (65.3-62.0 g/kg dry matter at ensiling day 30), and amino nitrogen contents (259-88.2 g/kg total nitrogen at ensiling day 30) and promoted lactic acid (9.62-31.5 g/kg dry matter at ensiling day 30), acetic acid (24.1-85.6 g/kg dry matter at ensiling day 30), and tannin (total phenol and hydrolyzable tannin) contents. Additionally, the GA addition also contributed to the change of bacterial community, where Firmicutes and Lactobacillus were most abundant on phylum and genus levels, respectively. The above results suggested that GA additive applied in WPS silage was an effective strategy to protect nutrition and improve fermentation quality, and the 1% GA addition showed a better effect.

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