Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 49
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Gene ; : 145521, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631236

RESUMO

SPINDLIN1-Z (SPIN1Z), a member of the Spin/Ssty(Y-linked spermiogenesis specific transcript) protein family, participates in the early embryonic development process. Our previous RNA-seq analysis indicates that the level of Spin1z was abundantly expressed in male embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and primitive germ cells (PGCs), we speculate that Spin1z may play an important role in chicken male differentiation. Therefore, the loss- and gain-of-function experiments provide solid evidence that Spin1z is both necessary and sufficient to initiate male development in chicken. Furthermore, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay and the dual-luciferase assay was performed to further confirm that Spin1z contributed to chicken male differentiation by inhibiting the Tcf4 transcription. Our findings provide a novel insight into the molecular mechanism for chicken male differentiation.

2.
J Cell Sci ; 134(3)2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443086

RESUMO

The unique developmental characteristics of chicken primordial germ cells (PGCs) enable them to be used in recovery of endangered bird species, gene editing and the generation of transgenic birds, but the limited number of PGCs greatly limits their application. Studies have shown that the formation of mammalian PGCs is induced by BMP4 signal, but the mechanism underlying chicken PGC formation has not been determined. Here, we confirmed that Wnt signaling activated via BMP4 activates transcription of Lin28A by inducing ß-catenin to compete with LSD1 for binding to TCF7L2, causing LSD1 to dissociate from the Lin28A promoter and enhancing H3K4me2 methylation in this region. Lin28A promotes PGC formation by inhibiting gga-let7a-3p maturation to initiate Blimp1 expression. Interestingly, expression of Blimp1 helped sustain Wnt5A expression by preventing LSD1 binding to the Wnt5A promoter. We thus elucidated a positive feedback pathway involving Wnt-Lin28A-Blimp1-Wnt that ensures PGC formation. In summary, our data provide new insight into the development of PGCs in chickens.

3.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(2): 1391-1400, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749682

RESUMO

The development of primordial germ cells (PGCs) undergoes epigenetic modifications. The study of histone methylation in regulating PGCs is beneficial to understand the development and differentiation mechanism of germ stem cells. Notably, it provides a theoretical basis for directed induction and mass acquisition in vitro. However, little is known about the regulation of PGC formation by histone methylation. Here, we found the high enrichment of H3K4me2 in the blastoderm, genital ridges, and testis. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing was performed and the results revealed that genomic H3K4me2 is dynamic in embryonic stem cells, PGCs, and spermatogonial stem cells. This trend was consistent with the H3K4me2 enrichment in the gene promoter region. Additionally, narrow region triggered PGC-related genes (Bmp4, Wnt5a, and Tcf7l2) and signaling pathways (Wnt and transforming growth factor-ß). After knocking down histone methylase Mll2 in vitro and vivo, the level of H3K4me2 decreased, inhibiting Cvh and Blimp1 expression, then repressing the formation of PGCs. Taken together, our study revealed the whole genome map of H3K4me2 in the formation of PGCs, contributing to improve the epigenetic study in PGC formation and providing materials for bird gene editing and rescue of endangered birds.

4.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(12)2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261034

RESUMO

Chicken (Gallus gallus) pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and primordial germ cells (PGCs) can be broadly applied in the research of developmental and embryonic biology, but the difference between amphoteric ESCs and PGCs is still elusive. This study determined the sex of collected samples by identifying specific sex markers via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and fluorescence activated cell sorter (FACS). RNA-seq was utilized to investigate the transcriptomic profile of amphoteric ESCs and PGCs in chicken. The results showed no significant differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in amphoteric ESCs and 227 DEGs exhibited in amphoteric PGCs. Moreover, those 227 DEGs were mainly enriched in 17 gene ontology (GO) terms and 27 pathways according to Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis. Furthermore, qRT-PCR was performed to verify RNA-seq results, and the results demonstrated that Notch1 was highly expressed in male PGCs. In summary, our results provided a knowledge base of chicken amphoteric ESCs and PGCs, which is helpful for future research in relevant biological processes.

5.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050652

RESUMO

Germ cells have an irreplaceable role in transmitting genetic information from one generation to the next, and also play an important role in sex differentiation in poultry, while little is known about epigenetic factors that regulate germ cell differentiation. In this study, RNA-seq was used to detect the expression profiles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) during the differentiation of chicken embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). The results showed that a total of 296, 280 and 357 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DELs) were screened in ESCs vs. PGCs, ESCs vs. SSCs and PGCs vs. SSCs, respectively. Gene Ontology (GO) and KEGG enrichment analysis showed that DELs in the three cell groups were mainly enriched in autophagy, Wnt/ß-catenin, TGF-ß, Notch and ErbB and signaling pathways. The co-expression network of 37 candidate DELs and their target genes enriched in the biological function of germ cell development showed that XLOC_612026, XLOC_612029, XLOC_240662, XLOC_362463, XLOC_023952, XLOC_674549, XLOC_160716, ALDBGALG0000001810, ALDBGALG0000002986, XLOC_657380674549, XLOC_022100 and XLOC_657380 were the key lncRNAs in the process of male germ cell formation and, moreover, the function of these DELs may be related to the interaction of their target genes. Our findings preliminarily excavated the key lncRNAs and signaling pathways in the process of male chicken germ cell formation, which could be helpful to construct the gene regulatory network of germ cell development, and also provide new ideas for further optimizing the induction efficiency of germ cells in vitro.

6.
Stem Cells Int ; 2020: 5162350, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963547

RESUMO

The use of stem cells in generating cell-based pacemaker therapies for bradyarrhythmia is currently being considered. Due to the propensity of stem cells to form tumors, as well as ethical issues surrounding their use, the seed cells used in cardiac biological pacemakers have limitations. Very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) are a unique and rare adult stem cell population, which have the same structural, genetic, biochemical, and functional characteristics as embryonic stem cells without the ethical controversy. In this study, we investigated the ability of rat bone marrow- (BM-) derived VSELs to differentiate in vitro into cardiomyocytes by 5-Azacytidine (5-AzaC) treatment. The morphology of VSELs treated with 10 µM 5-AzaC increased in volume and gradually changed to cardiomyocyte-like morphology without massive cell death. Additionally, mRNA expression of the cardiomyocyte markers cardiac troponin-T (cTnT) and α-sarcomeric actin (α-actin) was significantly upregulated after 5-AzaC treatment. Conversely, stem cell markers such as Nanog, Oct-4, and Sox2 were continuously downregulated posttreatment. On day 14 post-5-AzaC treatment, the positive expression rates of cTnT and α-actin were 18.41 ± 1.51% and 19.43 ± 0.51%, respectively. Taken together, our results showed that rat BM-VSELs have the ability to differentiate into cardiomyocytes in vitro. These findings suggest that VSELs would be useful as seed cells in exploring the mechanism of biological pacemaker activity.

7.
Biosci Rep ; 40(10)2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990306

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 Family 19 SubFamily A member 1 (CYP19A1) gene encodes an aromatase which regulates the sexual differentiation in vertebrates by initiating and maintaining 17ß-Estradiol (E2) synthesis. Here, we described the spatiotemporal expression pattern of CYP19A1 and its functional role in the embryonic gonad development in amphoteric chickens (Gallus gallus). Results showed that CYP19A1 exhibited a sexually dimorphic expression pattern in female gonads early at embryonic day 5.5 (HH 28) and robustly expressed within the cytoplasm in ovarian medullas. Most importantly, we induced the gonadal sex reversal by ectopically delivering the aromatase inhibitor (AI) or estradiol (E2) into chicken embryos. To further explore the role of CYP19A1 in chicken embryonic sexual differentiation, we successfully developed an effective method to deliver lentiviral particles with CYP19A1 manipulation into chicken embryos via embryonic intravascular injection. The analysis of interference and overexpression of CYP19A1 provided solid evidences that CYP19A1 is both necessary and sufficient to initiate sex differentiation toward female in chicken embryos. Collectively, this work demonstrates that CYP19A1 is a crucial sex differentiation gene in the embryonic development, which provides a foundation for understanding the mechanism of sex determination and differentiation in chickens.

8.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(4): 3285-3289, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855699

RESUMO

The subcutaneous tissue of animals contains different cell types, and different cells have different requirements for cryopreservation. This establishes obstacles that need to be overcome in the clinical application of tissue preservation. In the present study, the effects of different freezing rates and various concentrations of cryoprotectants on the cryopreservation of subcutaneous tissue of mice were compared, and these results provided basic research data that can be used to explore the optimal cryopreservation method for tissue. The effects of three cryoprotectants, dimethyl sulfoxide, glycerinum and 1,2-propanediol, and their concentrations on the cryopreservation of subcutaneous tissue of mice were compared with slow and rapid freezing rates. The results revealed that under various cryopreservation conditions, the percentage of fibroblasts that grow from the tissue following slow cryopreservation (19.8%) was significantly higher than that following rapid freezing (6.7%) at osmotic equilibrium for 10-20 min (P<0.05). After 19 days of culture, under the conditions of slow freezing, with 10, 20 and 30% glycerinum as a cryoprotectant, respectively, fibroblasts grew from 26.0, 16.7 and 16.7% of the tissues, respectively. No fibroblasts were indicated in the tissue mass cultured in any other tissue blocks treated with cryopreservation solutions. Under the condition of rapid freezing, fibroblasts grew from 6.7 and 6.7% tissue blocks of 20% DMSO and 10% glycerinum, respectively, following 19 days of culture. No fibroblasts were identified in the tissue mass cultured in the other tissue blocks treated with cryopreservation solutions, and no fibroblasts were identified in the tissue blocks without osmotic balance before freezing.

9.
Mech Dev ; : 103636, 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798699

RESUMO

MicroRNAs play a crucial role in sperm formation, but its specific function remains unknown. Here, we found that gga-miR-218 regulates chicken sperm formation through in/ex vivo experiments. We constructed over-expression/interference carrier to overexpress and inhibit gga-miR-218 in chicken spermatogonial stem cells, separately, the detection of haploid and QRT-PCR of meiosis related genes revealed that gga-miR-218 inhibits meiosis. After injection of miR-218 in vivo, semen concentration and HE (Hematoxylin and Eosin staining) revealed that gga-miR-218 inhibits meiosis. Meanwhile, we discovered that gga-miR-218 could target Stra8 by prediction software which can inhibit the wild-type fluorescence activity by co-transfection of gga-miR-218 with the Stra8 3' untranslated regions fluorescent reporter vector (wild-type/mutant), QRT-PCR and Western blot showed that gga-miR-218 inhibits the expression level of Stra8 by targeting its 3' untranslated regions directly. Finally, we suggest that gga-miR-218 could target to srta8 directly and inhibit spermatogenesis.

10.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(12): 9895-9909, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458486

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in the formation of primordial germ cells (PGCs); however, the identity of the key lncRNAs and the molecular mechanisms responsible for the formation of PGCs remain unknown. Here, we identify a key candidate lncRNA (lncRNA PGC transcript-1, LncPGCAT-1) via RNA sequencing of embryonic stem cells, PGCs, and Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Functional experiments confirmed that LncPGCAT-1 positively regulated the formation of PGCs by elevating the expression of Cvh and C-kit while downregulating the pluripotency(Nanog) in vitro and in vivo; PAS staining of genital ridges in vivo also showed that interference with LncPGCAT-1 can significantly reduce the number of PGCs in genital ridges, while overexpression of LncPGCAT-1 had the opposite result. The result of luciferase reporter assay combined with CHIP-qPCR showed that the expression of LncPGCAT-1 was promoted by the transcription factor P53 and high levels of H3K4me2. Mechanistically, the luciferase reporter assay confirmed that mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1) was the target gene of LncPGCAT-1 and gga-mir-1591. In the ceRNA system, high levels of N6 methylation of LncPGCAT-1 enhanced the adsorption capacity of LncPGCAT-1 for gga-mir-1591. Adsorption of gga-mir-1591 activated the MAPK1/ERK signaling cascade by relieving the gga-mir-1591-dependent inhibition of MAPK1 expression. Moreover, LncPGCAT-1 interacted with interleukin enhancer binding factor 3 (ILF3) to regulate the ubiquitination of P53 and phosphorylation of JNK. Interaction with ILF3 resulted in positive self-feedback regulation of LncPGCAT-1 and activation of JNK signaling, ultimately promoting PGC formation. Altogether, the study expands our knowledge of the function and molecular mechanisms of lncRNAs in PGC development.

11.
Food Funct ; 10(11): 7152-7163, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596288

RESUMO

This study demonstrated different effects of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) and retinoic acid (RA) signaling on the induction of germ cell formation in chickens. In vitro, BMP4 significantly promoted primordial germ cell (PGC) formation, while RA promoted spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) formation. Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining of reproductive ridge and testicular slices showed that BMP4 signaling was activated during PGC formation but was inhibited during PGC differentiation into SSC. In contrast, RA signaling was significantly activated during PGC differentiation to SSC. Mechanistically, elevated expression of phosphorylated mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 5 (p-Smad5) activated BMP4 signaling, while inhibition of p-Smad5 significantly reduced the PGC formation. Additionally, BMP4 regulated the PGC formation through histone acetylation and DNA methylation in deleted in azoospermia-like (DAZL) gene. Luciferase report showed RA binding to RARα regulated stimulated by RA 8 (Stra8) promoter activity during SSC formation, while mutations in RAR binding sites inhibited the Stra8 expression and SSC formation. Further, both HAT and HDAC regulated the RARα isoform, and HAT binding to RARα activated the Stra8 transcription. RNA-seq of embryonic stem cells (ESC), PGC, and SSC showed inverse expression of genes related to the BMP4 and RA pathways during PGC and SSC formation. Additionally, Smad5 and Smurf were critical for the interactions between the two pathways. Specifically, through Smurf promotion of Smad5 ubiquitination, RA could inhibit the BMP4 signal transduction. In conclusion, the BMP4 and RA signaling pathways play opposing roles in germ cell formation, driven by epigenetic processes such as phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and histone acetylation.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Germinativas Adultas/metabolismo , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/metabolismo , Células Germinativas/metabolismo , Tretinoína/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Germinativas Adultas/citologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Galinhas , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células Germinativas/citologia , Masculino , Receptor alfa de Ácido Retinoico/genética , Receptor alfa de Ácido Retinoico/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Smad5/genética , Proteína Smad5/metabolismo
12.
Exp Ther Med ; 17(5): 4154-4166, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988793

RESUMO

The use of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) has great potential in cell therapy, particularly in the orthopedic field. BMSCs represent a valuable renewable cell source that have been successfully utilized to treat damaged skeletal tissue and bone defects. BMSCs can be induced to differentiate into osteogenic lineages via the addition of inducers to the growth medium. The present study examined the effects of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and curcumin on the osteogenic differentiation of mouse BMSCs. Morphological changes, the expression levels of the bone-associated gene markers bone morphogenetic protein 2, runt-related transcription factor and osterix during differentiation, an in vitro mineralization assay, and changes in osteocalcin expression revealed that curcumin supplementation promoted the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. By contrast, the application of ATRA increased osteogenic differentiation during the early stages, but during the later stages, it decreased the mineralization of differentiated cells. In addition, to the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to examine the effect of curcumin on the osteogenic potency of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) after reprogramming with human lim mineralization protein (hLMP-3), which is a positive osteogenic regulator. The results revealed that curcumin-supplemented culture medium increased hLMP-3 osteogenic potency compared with that of MEFs cultured in the non-supplemented medium. The present results demonstrate that enrichment of the osteogenic culture medium with curcumin, a natural osteogenic inducer, increased the osteogenic differentiation capacity of BMSCs as well as that of MEFs reprogrammed with hLMP-3.

13.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30656739

RESUMO

Recently, the surface marker genes of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) were increasingly excavated and verified. However, few studies focused on the key genes involved in the regulation of SSCs differentiation. Our laboratory has screened the Lbc gene (GenBank accession number: XM_429585.3), which is specifically expressed on the SSCs. The aim of this study is to investigate the function of Lbc and its regulatory mechanism for SSCs. The indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) showed that Lbc was located in both nucleus and cytoplasm. Lbc was also overexpressed and knocked out both in vitro and in vivo to verify its function in SSCs, respectively. As a result, the overexpressed Lbc could promote the formation of spermatogonial stem cells like cells (SSCs-like), while the deficiency of Lbc blocked the formation of SSCs-like. We also identified the core region of Lbc promoter that located into the upstream of the transcription initiation site -247 to -2bp. Moreover, the activity of Lbc promoter could be increased by histone acetylation which is leading to the higher expression of Lbc. When we mutated the transcription factor HOXA5 and SOX10 that bound to the core region of Lbc promoter, HOXA5 could reduce the transcription activity of Lbc whereas the SOX10 was not. Currently, we found Lbc is a new specific marker of SSCs. This gene can be modified by histone acetylated and promote the formation of chicken SSCs via the transcription factor HOXA5. The present research will lay the foundation for further study on the regulatory mechanism of SSCs.

14.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 106: 84-95, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453092

RESUMO

Large bone defects and bone loss after fractures remain significant challenges for orthopedic surgeons. Our study aims to find an available, applicable and biological treatment for bone regeneration overcoming the limitations in ESC/iPSC technology. We directly reprogrammed the mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) into osteoblast cells using different combinations of Yamanaka factors with human lim mineralization protein-3 (hLMP-3). LMP is an intracellular LIM-domain protein acting as an effective positive regulator of the osteoblast differentiation. After transduction, cells were cultured in osteogenic medium, and then examined for osteoblast formation. The expression of osteogenic markers (BMP2, Runx2 and Osterix) during reprogramming and in vitro mineralization assay revealed that the best reprogramming cocktail was (c-Myc - Oct4) with hLMP-3. In addition, both immunofluorescent staining and western blot analysis confirmed that osteocalcin (OCN) expression increased in the cells treated with the c-Myc/Oct4/hLMP3 cocktail than using hLMP-3 alone. Furthermore, this reprogramming cocktail showed efficient healing in an induced femoral bone defect in rat animal model one month after transplantation. In the present study, we reported for the first time the effect of combining Yamanaka factors with hLMP-3 to induce osteoblast cells from MEF both in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Reprogramação Celular , Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/biossíntese , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/biossíntese , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos de Diferenciação/biossíntese , Antígenos de Diferenciação/genética , Técnicas de Reprogramação Celular , Embrião de Mamíferos/citologia , Fibroblastos/citologia , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/citologia
15.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(1): 332-342, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277598

RESUMO

To better understand the mechanisms in transcriptional regulation, we analyzed the promoters of the reprogramming key genes Sox2, c-Myc, and Oct4. Here, we cloned different 5' deletions of the goat Sox2, c-Myc, and Oct4 promoters, and evaluated their functions by green fluorescent protein reporter system and dual-luciferase reporter system. Site-directed mugagenesis and epigenetic modifiers were used to explore the influence of transcription binding sites and epigenetic status on the promoters. The results suggested that the basal promoters were located in the - 109 to 49, - 147 to 1, and - 96 to 30 bp regions of the Sox2, c-Myc, and Oct4 promoters. The transcription factors that identified to influence the Sox2, c-Myc, and Oct4 promoter activities were Elf-1 and activating protein 2 (AP-2), C/EBP and Sp1, and Mzf1 and Sp1, respectively. The epigenetic alternation of the Sox2, c-Myc, and Oct4 promoters by 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine or/and trichostatin A significantly increased the promoter activities. In conclusion, the result determined the core promoter areas of the Sox2, c-Myc, and Oct4 genes, and identified the transcription factors that influence their promoter activities. We also verified that the Sox2, c-Myc, and Oct4 promoters were hypermethylated and hypoacetylated.


Assuntos
Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Acetilação , Animais , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Chlorocebus aethiops , Metilação de DNA/genética , Deleção de Genes , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Cabras/embriologia , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Filogenia , Plasmídeos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Vírus 40 dos Símios/genética , Ativação Transcricional , Transfecção
16.
J Cell Biochem ; 2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30485515

RESUMO

The acetyl CoA acyltransferase 2 (ACAA2) is a key enzyme of the fatty acid oxidation pathway, catalyzing the last step of the mitochondrial beta oxidation, thus playing an important role in the fatty acid metabolism. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of knocking out ACAA2 on the expression of genes lipoprteinlipase (LPL), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), fatty acid synthase, fat mass and obesity-associated gene, adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (AP2) in precursor adipocytes and their differentiation into adipocytes. The knockout vector was constructed using CRISPR-Cas RNA-guided nuclease technology with an efficiency of 23.80%, and the vector was transfected into precursor adipocyte cells, while an overexpression vector of the ACAA2 gene was also transfected in another group of preadipocytes. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed that the expression of the PPAR-γ, LPL, and AP2 was significantly lower in the knockout compared with the overexpression group, while there was no difference in cell growth. After induction of adipocyte precursor cells into adipocytes using dexamethasone, insulin, and IBMX, oil red staining showed a significantly different number of lipid droplets in the knockout group. These results provide a preliminary indication for a possible involvement of the ACAA2 gene in adipocyte differentiation in vitro.

17.
J Cell Biochem ; 2018 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30447017

RESUMO

In recent years, considerable attention has been paid to chicken embryonic stem cells (ESCs) studies in relation to extensive applications in gene therapy and regenerative medicine. However, the approaches used are still immature. In this study, we showed that the chicken ESCs clones with a clear border can express alkaline phosphatase and marker proteins such as SSEA-1, SOX2, and OCT4 stably. In addition, culture medium containing 10 µmol/L of vitamin C (VC) could significantly promote the proliferation of ESCs cells. Moreover, ESCs transfected with p:enhanced green fluorescent protein (pEGFP)-hTERT could be subcultured more than tenth generations in culture medium containing exogenous factors (mLIF + bFGF + hSCF) and VC, and these ESCs clone could still be regenerated following cryopreservation. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction results showed that there was no significant difference between SSEA-1, SOX2, and OCT4 expression during ESCs immortalization and that the tenth generation of ESCs was still able to express marker proteins SSEA-1, SOX2, and OCT4. Our results showed that an immobilized system for ESCs was established, and the ESCs were cultured in vitro maintaining their pluripotency.

18.
J Cell Biochem ; 2018 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30242885

RESUMO

Myostatin (MSTN) is an important gene involved in the regulation of embryonic muscle cells and adult muscle development; it has a good application prospect in transgenic animal production by improving the yield of muscle. The purpose of this study is to construct MSTN gene knockout vector using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats ( CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 ( Cas9). The knockout efficiency was evaluated in sheep ear fibroblasts (SEFs) by cleavage activity of transcription of guide RNA ( gRNA), luciferase-single-strand annealing assay, T7 endonuclease I assay (T7E1), and TA clone sequence (10/38); and above all, detection showed that the cleavage activity of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated MSTN reached 29%. MSTN-Cas9/gRNA4 was transfected into sheep skeletal muscle satellite cell (sSMSC) to confirm the function of MSTN in myotomes formation induced by starvation in low-serum medium. The results showed that myotubes formation efficiency were 11.2 ± 1.3% and 19.5 ± 2.1% in the control group and knockout group, respectively. The average length of myotomes was 22 ± 5.3 and 47 ± 3.6 µm, displaying that MSTN knockout can promote sSMSC differentiation in number and length. The unlabeled MSTN-Cas9/gRNA4 was transfected into SEFs and monoclonal positive cells was obtained after 48 hours transfection. The MSTN-positive cells were used as donor cells to perform somatic cell nuclear transplantation to produce transgenic sheep. A total of 20 embryos were transplanted into surrogate mothers, four of them normally produce offspring. The genomic DNA of surviving lambs were used as a template, three positive individuals were identified by T7E1 digestion. All the results demonstrated that the CRISPR/Cas9 system has the potential to become an important and applicable gene engineering tool in animal breeding.

19.
J Cell Biochem ; 119(11): 8841-8850, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30076744

RESUMO

This study established a single cloned chicken embryonic fibroblast (CEF) cell line. It solves the main problem of the instability of a cultured primary cell and its impact on the experiment. In this study, CEF pass through this crisis and formed a continuous cell line after subculture. We isolated single postcrisis CEF by a mouth pipette under a convert microscope then established a single cloned cell line named CSC-1-5 which passaged continuously from 96-well plates to 60 mm culture plates. CSC has a normal chicken diploid karyotype, no tumorigenicity, and a high G2/M phase cell ratio. We found that Fugene could mediate the transfection of CSCs efficiently; it was significantly improved compared with the primary cells. It could also promote the proliferation of chicken embryonic stem cell as a feeder layer.


Assuntos
Linhagem Celular/citologia , Células Clonais/citologia , Células Alimentadoras/citologia , Fibroblastos/citologia , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Embrião de Galinha , Técnicas de Cocultura , Embrião de Mamíferos/citologia , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/fisiologia , Cariótipo , Transfecção
20.
Biosci Rep ; 38(5)2018 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30038055

RESUMO

Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) may apply to gene therapy, regenerative medicine in place of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). However, the application of SSCs was severely limited by the low induction efficiency and the lack of thorough analysis of the regulatory mechanisms of SSCs formation. Current evidences have demonstrated multiple marker genes of germ cells, while genes that specifically regulate the formation of SSCs have not been explored. In our study, cadherin-like and PC-esterase domain containing 1 (Cped1) expressed specifically in SSCs based on RNA-seq data analysis. To study the function of Cped1 in the formation of SSCs, we successfully established a CRISPR/Cas9 knockout system. The gene disruption frequency is 37% in DF1 and 25% in ESCs without off-target effects. Knockout of Cped1 could significantly inhibit the formation of SSCs in vivo and in vitro The fragment of -1050 to -1 bp had the activity as Cped1 gene promoter. Histone acetylation could regulate the expression of Cped1. We added 5-azaeytidi (DNA methylation inhibitors) and TSA (histone deacetylase inhibitors) respectively during the cultivation of SSCs. TSA was validated to promote the transcription of Cped1. Dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that active control area of the chicken Cped1 gene is -296 to -1 bp. There are Cebpb, Sp1, and Sox2 transcription factor binding sites in this region. Point-mutation experiment results showed that Sox2 negatively regulates the transcription of Cped1. Above results demonstrated that Cped1 is a key gene that regulates the formation of SSCs. Histone acetylation and transcription factor Sox2 participate in the regulation of Cped1.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Germinativas Adultas/fisiologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/metabolismo , Acetilação , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Células Cultivadas , Embrião de Galinha , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/citologia , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/fisiologia , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Masculino , Mutação Puntual , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteínas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...