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3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 33(5): 513-6, 2012 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22883181

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To monitor the co-infection status of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (B.b.s.l) and spotted fever group Rickettsia (SFGR) in tourist areas of Heilongjiang province. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the 5S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer of B.b.s.l and ompA of SFGR in ticks, dynamically collected from tourist areas of Heilongjiang province in 2010. Amplification products from positive ticks were sequenced, and phylogenetic analysis was conducted by Mega 5.0 software package. RESULTS: 849 ticks were collected from two tourist points, with the dominant ticks in Tiger Mountain and Jingpo Lake were Ixodes persulcatus and Haemaphysalis concinna. Regarding the Ixodes persulcatus from Tiger Mountain, the infection rates of B.b.s.l and SFGR were 26.15% and 10.05%. The infection rate of SFGR was 13.33% in Haemaphysalis concinna and the B.b.s.l was undiscovered in the same ticks from Jingpo Lake. However, the co-infection could only be detected in Ixodes persulcatus of both tourist areas. Surveillance data showed that the major ticks were more likely to be appeared in July at Tiger Mountain and in June at Jingpo Lake. Data from the sequence analysis on B.b.s.l showed that the B.b.s.l in tourist areas could be classified into three different genotypes, other than B. garinii and B. afzelii. We first detected B. valaisiana-like group genotype in northeast of China. Results from the sequence analysis of SFGR positive products showed that the two DNA sequences of newly detected agents were completely the same as Rickettsia sp. HL-93 which was detected in Hulin and Rickettsia sp. H820 found in northeast, China. CONCLUSION: The co-infection of B.b.s.l and SFGR was detected in ticks from the tourist areas of Heilongjiang province, and data from the sequencing of specific fragment showed that various kinds of genotypes existed in this area. However; the rates of co-infections-different according to environment, time and population that contributed to the kinds of and the index of ticks existed in the surveys points, also the infection rate of the ticks was studied.


Assuntos
Borrelia burgdorferi/isolamento & purificação , Rickettsia/isolamento & purificação , Carrapatos/microbiologia , Animais , China , Coinfecção
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 32(10): 1037-42, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22333091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between polymorphisms of LEPR Gln223Arg, LEPR Pro1019Pro and the risk on obesity. METHODS: A computerized search on literature was carried out in Wanfang, CNKI, VIP databases and CBM, PubMed, EMBASE databases to collect articles published between 1979 and 2010 concerning the associations between polymorphisms of LEPR Gln223Arg and/or LEPR Pro1019Pro and risk of obesity in the Chinese population. Odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess the strength of the association, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to present the precision of the estimates. Meta-analysis was performed using the STATA statistical software. RESULTS: Fifteen literature were collected for Meta-analysis by the uniform inclusion and exclusion criteria. There were 1096 obese patients and 949 controls for polymorphisms of LEPR Gln223Arg in 9 papers, together with 961 obese patients and 818 controls for polymorphisms of LEPR Pro1019Pro in 8 papers. Overall, there were significant associations between decreased risk of obesity and LEPR Gln223Arg polymorphisms (-668 A→G) (G versus A, OR = 0.66, 95%CI: 0.49 - 0.89; AG and GG versus AA, OR = 0.50, 95%CI: 0.32 - 0.77; respectively). There were significant associations between increased risk of obesity and LEPR Pro1019Pro polymorphisms (-3057 G→A) (A versus G, OR = 1.61, 95%CI: 1.15 - 2.26; AG and AA versus GG, OR = 1.50, 95%CI: 1.08 - 2.08; respectively). CONCLUSION: Variant alleles at both LEPR-668 and LEPR-3057 were associated with obesity in the Chinese Han-dominated population.


Assuntos
Obesidade/genética , Receptores para Leptina/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo Genético
5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 45(10): 944-8, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22321599

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively evaluate the effect of interventions on obesity in Chinese pupils. METHODS: A literature research was carried out in China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, PubMed and the Excerpts Medica Database (EMBASE) databases to collect articles published between 1979 and 2010 concerning the effect of interventions for preventing obesity in Chinese pupils. Rate difference (RD) of the rate of obesity as the evaluation indicator was selected to Meta-analyze the effect of interventions on obesity. There are total 215 articles, in which 211 articles were written in Chinese and other articles were written in English. RESULTS: 17 literatures were used for Meta-analysis by the uniform inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results showed that the RD of obesity rate for the students in the intervention group was 3% (95%CI: 1% - 5%) after the intervention. However, the RD of obesity rate for the students in the control group was -2% (95%CI: -4% - -1%) after the intervention. Results of stratified analysis for the RD of obesity rate showed that the obesity rate for the students in the intervention group were decreased significantly after the intervention of combined programs with health education, physical exercise and nutrition interventions with moderate intervention time (1 to 2 years), the RD (95%CI) of obesity rate were 5% (2% - 8%), 3% (1% - 4%), respectively. For the studies whose baseline obesity rates was insignificant difference between the intervention group and the control group, the obesity rate for the students in the intervention group was 4% (95%CI: -7% - -1%) lower than the obesity rate for the students in the control group after the intervention. CONCLUSION: Health-education-based comprehensive intervention is effective on obesity prevention in Chinese pupils; combined intervention programs with moderate intervention time (1 to 2 years) were effective in improving efficiency of obesity prevention in pupils.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Criança , China , Humanos , Estudantes
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