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Phys Rev Lett ; 119(16): 167001, 2017 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29099226


We study topological excitations in two-component nematic superconductors, with a particular focus on Cu_{x}Bi_{2}Se_{3} as a candidate material. We find that the lowest-energy topological excitations are coreless vortices: a bound state of two spatially separated half-quantum vortices. These objects are nematic Skyrmions, since they are characterized by an additional topological charge. The inter-Skyrmion forces are dipolar in this model, i.e., attractive for certain relative orientations of the Skyrmions, hence forming multi-Skyrmion bound states.

Phys Rev Lett ; 115(23): 237001, 2015 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26684136


We study two microscopic models of topological insulators in contact with an s-wave superconductor. In the first model the superconductor and the topological insulator are tunnel coupled via a layer of randomly distributed scalar and of randomly oriented spin impurities. Here, we demonstrate that spin-flip tunneling dominates over the spin-conserving one. In the second model the tunnel coupling is realized by a spatially nonuniform array of single-level quantum dots with randomly oriented spins. We find that the tunnel region forms a π junction where the effective order parameter changes sign. Because of the random spin orientation, effectively both models exhibit time-reversal symmetry. The proposed π junctions support topological superconductivity without magnetic fields and can be used to generate and manipulate Kramers pairs of Majorana fermions by gates.

Phys Rev Lett ; 111(5): 056802, 2013 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23952428


We consider a model of ballistic quasi-one-dimensional semiconducting wire with intrinsic spin-orbit interaction placed on the surface of a bulk s-wave superconductor (SC), in the presence of an external magnetic field. This setup has been shown to give rise to a topological superconducting state in the wire, characterized by a pair of Majorana-fermion (MF) bound states formed at the two ends of the wire. Here, we demonstrate that besides the well-known direct-overlap-induced energy splitting, the two MF bound states may hybridize via elastic tunneling processes through virtual quasiparticle states in the SC, giving rise to an additional energy splitting between MF states from the same as well as from different wires.

Phys Rev Lett ; 96(10): 107004, 2006 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16605779


We develop a theory of the low-temperature charge transfer between a superconductor and a hopping insulator. We show that the charge transfer is governed by the coherent two-electron-Cooper pair conversion process time-reversal reflection, where electrons tunnel into a superconductor from the localized states in the hopping insulator located near the interface, and calculate the corresponding interface resistance. A specific feature of this problem is the interplay between the time-reversal reflection at the interface and transport through the percolation cluster. To allow for this interplay, we have generalized the connectivity criterion of the percolation theory to include surface effects. We show that the time-reversal interface resistance is accessible experimentally, and that in mesoscopic structures it can exceed the bulk hopping resistance.