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1.
Trends Psychiatry Psychother ; 40(1): 47-52, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29668821

RESUMO

Introduction Intrusive thoughts may cause a significant level of distress, since some individuals evaluate the content of those thoughts as aversive. Suppression of intrusive thoughts is one of the strategies adopted by these individuals, which increases the level of distress. Suppression of thoughts may be present as one of the factors that maintain different psychological disorders. Objective To describe the translation and adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI), which measures thought suppression. Methods Three translations and back-translations were conducted by independent evaluators. Semantic equivalence was assessed and the three versions were evaluated to produce a synthesized version. Comments from participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. Results We developed a preliminary Brazilian Portuguese version of the WBSI. It was found that most participants understood the descriptions of cognitions given in the translated questionnaire. Conclusion The use of three different versions of translations and back-translations, discussion of the synthetic version and interaction with the target population have conferred viability to the process of semantic equivalence of the Brazilian Portuguese final version of the WBSI.


Assuntos
Testes Psicológicos , Autocontrole , Pensamento , Adulto , Comparação Transcultural , Função Executiva , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Semântica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tradução , Adulto Jovem
2.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 40(1): 47-52, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-904603

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Intrusive thoughts may cause a significant level of distress, since some individuals evaluate the content of those thoughts as aversive. Suppression of intrusive thoughts is one of the strategies adopted by these individuals, which increases the level of distress. Suppression of thoughts may be present as one of the factors that maintain different psychological disorders. Objective To describe the translation and adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI), which measures thought suppression. Methods Three translations and back-translations were conducted by independent evaluators. Semantic equivalence was assessed and the three versions were evaluated to produce a synthesized version. Comments from participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. Results We developed a preliminary Brazilian Portuguese version of the WBSI. It was found that most participants understood the descriptions of cognitions given in the translated questionnaire. Conclusion The use of three different versions of translations and back-translations, discussion of the synthetic version and interaction with the target population have conferred viability to the process of semantic equivalence of the Brazilian Portuguese final version of the WBSI.


Resumo Introdução Pensamentos intrusivos podem causar um nível significativo de desconforto, uma vez que alguns indivíduos avaliam o conteúdo desses pensamentos como aversivos. A supressão dos pensamentos intrusivos é uma das estratégias adotadas por esses indivíduos, resultando no aumento do nível de desconforto. Supressão de pensamentos pode estar presente como um dos fatores de manutenção de diferentes transtornos psicológicos. Objetivos Descrever a tradução e adaptação para o português brasileiro do White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI), que avalia a supressão de pensamentos. Métodos Três traduções e retrotraduções foram conduzidas por avaliadores independentes. A equivalência semântica foi analisada e as três versões foram avaliadas para produzir uma versão preliminar. Os comentários dos participantes sobre a versão preliminar do questionário foram examinados. Resultados Foi desenvolvida uma versão final em português brasileiro do WBSI. Verificou-se que a maioria dos participantes entendeu as descrições das cognições apresentadas no questionário traduzido. Conclusão O uso de três versões diferentes de traduções e retrotraduções, discussão da versão preliminar e interação com a população-alvo conferiu viabilidade ao processo de equivalência semântica da versão final brasileira da WBSI.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Testes Psicológicos , Pensamento , Autocontrole , Semântica , Tradução , Projetos Piloto , Comparação Transcultural , Inquéritos e Questionários , Função Executiva , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Expert Rev Neurother ; 10(7): 1089-99, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20586690

RESUMO

Bipolar disorder is one of the most serious and prevalent psychiatric disorders. The aim of the present article is to review the efficiency of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for bipolar patients. Some studies show consistent evidence that cognitive therapy, concomitant to psycho-education and pharmacological treatment, offers efficacy in different phases of the disease. In most of the studies, patients undergoing CBT showed improvements in quality of life, with a reduction in both frequency and duration of mood episodes, as well as higher degrees of compliance and fewer hospitalizations. More studies are required to prove the effectiveness of CBT for bipolar disorder in the context of standardizing diagnostic criteria and measuring instruments to evaluate the disorder's different phases and severity.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos
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