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1.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 462(1-2): 11-23, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446616

RESUMO

BRCA-1 is a nuclear protein involved in DNA repair, transcriptional regulation, and cell cycle control. Its involvement in other cellular processes has been described. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of BRCA-1 in macrophages M(LPS), M(IL-4), and tumor cell-induced differentiation. We used siRNAs to knockdown BRCA-1 in RAW 264.7 macrophages exposed to LPS, IL-4, and C6 glioma cells conditioned medium (CMC6), and evaluated macrophage differentiation markers and functional phagocytic activity as well as DNA damage and cell survival in the presence and absence of BRCA-1. LPS and CMC6, but not by IL-4, increased DNA damage in macrophages, and this effect was more pronounced in BRCA-1-depleted cells, including M(IL-4). BRCA-1 depletion impaired expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α and IL-6, and reduced the phagocytic activity of macrophages in response to LPS. In CMC6-induced differentiation, BRCA-1 knockdown inhibited TNF-α and IL-6 expression which was accompanied by upregulation of the anti-inflammatory markers IL-10 and TGF-ß and reduced phagocytosis. In contrast, M(IL-4) phenotype was not affected by BRCA-1 status. Molecular docking predicted that the conserved BRCA-1 domain BRCT can interact with the p65 subunit of NF-κB. Immunofluorescence assays showed that BRCA-1 and p65 co-localize in the nucleus of LPS-treated macrophages and reporter gene assay showed that depletion of BRCA-1 decreased LPS and CMC6-induced NF-κB transactivation. IL-4 had no effect upon NF-κB. Taken together, our findings suggest a role of BRCA-1 in macrophage differentiation and phagocytosis induced by LPS and tumor cells secretoma, but not IL-4, in a mechanism associated with inhibition of NF-κB.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/metabolismo , Polaridade Celular , Inflamação/patologia , Ativação de Macrófagos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Polaridade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Dano ao DNA , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Ativação de Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células RAW 264.7 , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos
2.
Cell Signal ; 62: 109356, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288066

RESUMO

Recent studies have investigated the use of retinoic acid (RA) molecule in combined chemotherapies to cancer cells as an attempt to increase treatment efficiency and circumvent cell resistance. Positive results were obtained in clinical trials from lung cancer patients treated with RA and cisplatin. Meanwhile, the signalling process that results from the interaction of both molecules remains unclear. One of the pathways that RA is able to modulate is the activity of NRF2 transcription factor, which is highly associated with tumour progression and resistance. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate molecular mechanism of RA and cisplatin co-treatment in A549 cells, focusing in NRF2 pathway. To this end, we investigated NRF2 and NRF2-target genes expression, cellular redox status, cisplatin-induced apoptosis, autophagy and DNA repair through homologous recombination. RA demonstrated to have an inhibitory effect over NRF2 activation, which regulates the expression of thiol antioxidants enzymes. Moreover, RA increased reactive species production associated with increased oxidation of thiol groups within the cells. The expression of proteins associated with DNA repair through homologous recombination was also suppressed by RA pre-treatment. All combined, these effects appear to create a more sensitive cellular environment to cisplatin treatment, increasing apoptosis frequency. Interestingly, autophagy was also increased by combination therapy, suggesting a resistance mechanism by A549 cells. In conclusion, these results provided new information about molecular mechanisms of RA and cisplatin treatment contributing to chemotherapy optimization.

3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 162: 603-615, 2018 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30031321

RESUMO

Ubiquitous low-dose methylmercury (MeHg) exposure through an increased fish consumption represents a global public health problem, especially among pregnant women. A plethora of micronutrients presented in fish affects MeHg uptake/distribution, but limited data is available. Vitamin A (VitA), another fish micronutrient is used in nutritional supplementation, especially during pregnancy. However, there is no information about the health effects arising from their combined exposure. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the effects of both MeHg and retinyl palmitate administered on pregnant and lactating rats in metabolic and redox parameters from dams and their offspring. Thirty Wistar female rats were orally supplemented with MeHg (0,5 mg/kg/day) and retinyl palmitate (7500 µg RAE/kg/day) via gavage, either individually or in combination from the gestational day 0 to weaning. For dams (150 days old) and their offspring (31 days old), glycogen accumulation (hepatic and cardiac) and retinoid contents (plasma and liver) were analyzed. Hg deposition in liver tissue was quantified. Redox parameters (liver, kidney, and heart) were evaluated for both animals. Cytogenetic damage was analyzed with micronucleus test. Our results showed no general toxic or metabolic alterations in dams and their offspring by MeHg-VitA co-administration during pregnancy and lactation. However, increased lipoperoxidation in maternal liver and a disrupted pro-oxidant response in the heart of male pups was encountered, with apparently no particular effects in the antioxidant response in female offspring. GST activity in dam kidney was altered leading to possible redox disruption of this tissue with no alterations in offspring. Finally, the genomic damage was exacerbated in both male and female pups. In conclusion, low-dose MeHg exposure and retinyl palmitate supplementation during gestation and lactation produced a potentiated pro-oxidant effect, which was tissue-specific. Although this is a pre-clinical approach, we recommend precaution for pregnant women regarding food consumption, and we encourage more epidemiological studies to assess possible modulations effects of MeHg-VitA co-administration at safe or inadvertently used doses in humans, which may be related to specific pathologies in mothers and their children.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Lactação , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/toxicidade , Vitamina A/análogos & derivados , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Catalase/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais , Diterpenos , Feminino , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/sangue , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Vitamina A/sangue , Vitamina A/metabolismo , Vitamina A/farmacologia
4.
Mol Genet Metab Rep ; 11: 46-53, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28487826

RESUMO

Morquio A disease (Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA, MPS IVA) is one of the 11 mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs), a heterogeneous group of inherited lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) caused by deficiency in enzymes need to degrade glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Morquio A is characterized by a decrease in N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase activity and subsequent accumulation of keratan sulfate and chondroitin 6-sulfate in cells and body fluids. As the pathophysiology of this LSD is not completely understood and considering the previous results of our group concerning oxidative stress in Morquio A patients receiving enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), the aim of this study was to investigate oxidative stress parameters in Morquio A patients at diagnosis. It was studied 15 untreated Morquio A patients, compared with healthy individuals. The affected individuals presented higher lipid peroxidation, assessed by urinary 15-F2t-isoprostane levels and no protein damage, determined by sulfhydryl groups in plasma and di-tyrosine levels in urine. Furthermore, Morquio A patients showed DNA oxidative damage in both pyrimidines and purines bases, being the DNA damage positively correlated with lipid peroxidation. In relation to antioxidant defenses, affected patients presented higher levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and increased activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), while superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities were similar to controls. Our findings indicate that Morquio A patients present at diagnosis redox imbalance and oxidative damage to lipids and DNA, reinforcing the idea about the importance of antioxidant therapy as adjuvant to ERT, in this disorder.

5.
J Voice ; 27(6): 668-73, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24128892

RESUMO

This study is a morphologic description of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and of the number and size of motor units (MUs) in the thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle bilaterally of a human fetus aged 25 weeks. A quantitative analysis of RLN and MUs is presented to investigate similarities with equivalent structures in adults. In the fetus used in our study, the morphologic organization of the RLN was similar to that commonly described in the adult RLN. Moreover, as is observed in adult TA, the TA of the analyzed fetus, particularly the right TA, showed MUs typical of muscles with great motor accuracy. These results may be used to increase our knowledge of the features of the voice in adults and newborns.


Assuntos
Músculos Laríngeos/inervação , Neurônios Motores/citologia , Nervo Laríngeo Recorrente/embriologia , Feminino , Feto/citologia , Feto/inervação , Humanos , Músculos Laríngeos/citologia , Músculos Laríngeos/embriologia , Nervo Laríngeo Recorrente/citologia
6.
BMC Med Genet ; 14: 93, 2013 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24053728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated a potential link between genetic polymorphisms in genes XRCC1 (Arg399Gln), OGG1 (Ser326Cys), XRCC3 (Thr241Met), and XRCC4 (Ile401Thr) with the level of DNA damage and repair, accessed by comet and micronucleus test, in 51 COPD patients and 51 controls. METHODS: Peripheral blood was used to perform the alkaline and neutral comet assay; and genetic polymorphisms by PCR/RFLP. To assess the susceptibility to exogenous DNA damage, the cells were treated with methyl methanesulphonate for 1-h or 3-h. After 3-h treatment the % residual damage was calculated assuming the value of 1-h treatment as 100%. The cytogenetic damage was evaluated by buccal micronucleus cytome assay (BMCyt). RESULTS: COPD patients with the risk allele XRCC1 (Arg399Gln) and XRCC3 (Thr241Met) showed higher DNA damage by comet assay. The residual damage was higher for COPD with risk allele in the four genes. In COPD patients was showed negative correlation between BMCyt (binucleated, nuclear bud, condensed chromatin and karyorrhexic cells) with pulmonary function and some variant genotypes. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest a possible association between variant genotypes in XRCC1 (Arg399Gln), OGG1 (Ser326Cys), XRCC3 (Thr241Met), and XRCC4 (Ile401Thr), DNA damage and progression of COPD.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA , DNA Glicosilases/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Idoso , Alelos , Ensaio Cometa , Reparo do DNA , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Metanossulfonato de Metila/química , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/patologia , Proteína 1 Complementadora Cruzada de Reparo de Raio-X
7.
J Voice ; 27(3): 267-72, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23465524

RESUMO

This study investigated the sexual dimorphism in the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle, which control the vocal fold. The RLN and TA were bilaterally studied in human specimens obtained from necropsies (seven men and seven women). Analysis of the morphometric parameters showed that the RLN of the men were significantly larger, as shown by the intraperineural area (42.5%) (P=0.006), total number of fibers (38.0%) (P=0.0002), axonal area (34.3%) (P=0.0001), axonal diameter (19.0%) (P=0.0001), and the area of the nerve occupied by myelinated fibers (34.9%) (P=0.001). By contrast, in women, our results showed that the area of the RLN occupied by endoneurial connective tissue was larger (5.7%) (P=0.001). Estimation of the fiber area and shape coefficient showed that the histologic organization of TA is similar in men and women. These results may contribute toward enhancing our understanding about the voice neurobiology.


Assuntos
Nervo Laríngeo Recorrente/anatomia & histologia , Prega Vocal/inervação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Músculos Laríngeos/anatomia & histologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nervo Laríngeo Recorrente/fisiologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Fatores Sexuais
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