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Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 12(2)2019 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003398


Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762; Diptera: Culicidae) is the main vector transmitting viral diseases such as dengue fever, dengue haemorrhagic fever, urban yellow fever, zika and chikungunya. Worldwide, especially in the Americas and Brazil, many cases of dengue have been reported in recent years, which have shown significant growth. The main control strategy is the elimination of the vector, carried out through various education programs, to change human habits, but the most usual is biological control, together with environmental management and chemical control. The most commonly insecticide used is temephos (an organophosphorus compound), but Aedes aegypti populations have shown resistance and the product is highly toxic, so we chose it as a template molecule to perform a ligand-based virtual screening in the ChemBrigde (DIVERSet-CL subcollection) database, searching for derivatives with similarity in shape (ROCS) and electrostatic potential (EON). Thus, fourty-five molecules were filtered based on their pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties and 11 molecules were selected by a molecular docking study, including binding affinity and mode of interaction. The L46, L66 and L68 molecules show potential inhibitory activity for both the insect (-9.28, -10.08 and -6.78 Kcal/mol, respectively) and human (-6.05, 6.25 and 7.2 Kcal/mol respectively) enzymes, as well as the juvenile hormone protein (-9.2; -10.96 and -8.16 kcal/mol, respectively), showing a significant difference in comparison to the template molecule temephos. Molecules L46, L66 and L68 interacted with important amino acids at each catalytic site of the enzyme reported in the literature. Thus, the molecules here investigated are potential inhibitors for both the acetylcholinesterase enzymes and juvenile hormone protein-from insect and humans, characterizing them as a potential insecticide against the Aedes aegypti mosquito.

Molecules ; 23(2)2018 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29463017


The Protein Kinase Receptor type 2 (RIPK2) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases; it signals downstream of the NOD1 and NOD2 intracellular sensors and promotes a productive inflammatory response. However, excessive NOD2 signaling has been associated with various diseases, including sarcoidosis and inflammatory arthritis; the pharmacological inhibition of RIPK2 is an affinity strategy that demonstrates an increased expression of pro-inflammatory secretion activity. In this study, a pharmacophoric model based on the crystallographic pose of ponatinib, a potent RIPK2 inhibitor, and 30 other ones selected from the BindingDB repository database, was built. Compounds were selected based on the available ZINC compounds database and in silico predictions of their pharmacokinetic, toxicity and potential biological activity. Molecular docking was performed to identify the probable interactions of the compounds as well as their binding affinity with RIPK2. The compounds were analyzed to ponatinib and WEHI-345, which also used as a control. At least one of the compounds exhibited suitable pharmacokinetic properties, low toxicity and an interesting binding affinity and high fitness compared with the crystallographic pose of WEHI-345 in complex with RIPK2. This compound also possessed suitable synthetic accessibility, rendering it a potential and very promising RIPK2 inhibitor to be further investigated in regards to different diseases, particularly inflammatory ones.

Imidazóis/química , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Piridazinas/química , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/antagonistas & inibidores , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Interface Usuário-Computador