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1.
Transplant Proc ; 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caring for a patient with chronic liver disease involves exposure to factors that increase family caregivers' vulnerability to developing mental disorders. This study reassessed the scores of burden, stress, and depression in informal (family) caregivers of patients with liver disease after liver transplant. METHODS: In this observational and descriptive study, the caregivers were reassessed for the same outcomes 4 to 10 years following the initial assessment pre-transplant. The data were obtained from the identification card, the interview script, the Brazilian version of the Caregiver Burden Scale, the Lipp Inventory of Stress Symptoms for Adults, and the Beck Depression Inventory. Descriptive statistics of pre- and post-liver transplant phases were calculated, and the Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare the burden scores. RESULTS: The 5 caregivers were women, with a mean age of 51.6 (SD, 8.38) years. All of the caregivers' (100%) burden score increased, 2 caregivers needed to seek some form of help, and 3 caregivers showed an indication of burden risk. Regarding stress symptoms, 3 caregivers (60%) maintained a score indicating no stress, 2 caregivers (40%) presented increased scores, and the predominant symptoms changed from psychological to physical. Regarding depression, 3 caregivers (60%) maintained the minimum level of symptoms for depression, and 2 caregivers (40%) presented increased scores. CONCLUSION: After liver transplant, caregivers' burden scores increased, and levels of stress and depression increased for caregivers who already showed symptoms in the pre-transplant phase.

2.
Ann Hepatol ; 14(3): 317-24, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25864211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HBV/HCV coinfection is a common finding among hemodialysis patients. However, there is scarce information concerning the impact of HBV coinfection on the response to treatment of HCV-infected patients on hemodialysis. AIM: We aimed to compare the rate of sustained virologic response (SVR) to treatment with interferon-alfa (IFN) between hemodialysis patients with HBV/HCV coinfection and those with HCV-monoinfection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: HCV-infected patients on hemodialysis treated with IFN were included. Patients coinfected by HBV/HCV were compared to HCV-monoinfected patients, regarding clinical and biochemical features and rates of SVR. RESULTS: One hundred and eleven patients were treated. HBV/HCV coinfection was observed in 18/111 patients (16%). Coinfected patients were younger (p = 002), had more time on dialysis (p = 0.05) and showed a tendency to present a higher prevalence of septal fibrosis (p = 0.06). The analysis by intention to treat showed SVR of 56% among coinfected patients and 18% in HCV-monoinfected patients (p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, end-stage renal disease patients with HBV/HCV coinfection exhibit higher rate of SVR to HCV treatment than HCV-monoinfected patients. It is possible that factors related to the host immune response and viral interaction could explain the better response observed among coinfected patients.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Coinfecção , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Renal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
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