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1.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 165, 2019 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-supine infant sleep position is an important modifiable risk factor for sudden unexpected death in infancy. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of supine sleep position and associated factors among 3-month-old infants from a birth cohort in the city of Pelotas, southern Brazil. METHODS: The present study evaluated longitudinal data from the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort. Study outcome was supine infant sleep position, defined as the appropriate position, among 3-month-old children. Demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, and health characteristics collected at birth and at the 3-month follow-up were investigated as possible associated factors. The prevalence of each associated factor was investigated, and crude and hierarchical adjusted analyses were performed using Poisson regression. RESULTS: Among the 4108 infants assessed in this study, 2274 (55.4%) slept in supine position at 3 months and only 66 (1.6%) in prone position. Maternal white skin color, higher family income and maternal schooling, advanced maternal age, maternal cohabiting with a partner, receiving counseling from health care professionals and non-bed-sharing were associated with higher prevalence of infants sleeping in supine position at 3 months. All these variables remained associated in our hierarchical adjusted analyses except maternal cohabitation with a partner. Participants with white mothers were more likely to sleep in supine position (PR: 1.23; 95%CI: 0.75-0.89) compared to participants with black mothers. Those belonging to the richest quintile were more likely to sleep in supine position (PR: 1.49; 95%CI: 1.35-1.65) compared to those who belong to the poorest. Mothers aged 31-36 years were more likely to choose supine sleep position (PR: 1.65; 95%CI: 1.42-1.92) compared to mothers younger than 19 years. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present study showed the influence of maternal age, socioeconomic status, and counseling on infant sleep habits as predictors of choice of infant sleep position in a Brazilian population. It is recommended to implement informative campaigns and public policies to at-risk population and to improve recommendations from health care professionals.

2.
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol ; 53(7): 717-726, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29721592

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the association between mental disorders and substance misuse at 30 years of age with gender, socioeconomic position at birth, and family income trajectories. METHODS: The 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort was used; all 5914 children born alive at hospital were originally enrolled (99.2% of all city births). In 2012, 3701 subjects were located and interviewed (68% retention rate). Mental disorders and substance misuse were assessed, and their prevalence analysed according to gender, socioeconomic status at birth, and four different income trajectories: always poor, never poor, poor at birth/non-poor at age 30, and non-poor at birth/poor at age 30. RESULTS: While women presented higher prevalence of mental disorders, substance misuse was much more frequent among men. Individuals in the lowest income quintile at birth presented 2-5 times more mental disorders and substance misuse than those in the highest quintile. Young adults who were always poor or were not poor at birth but were poor at 30 years of age had a higher prevalence of mental disorders than the other groups. CONCLUSIONS: The high rates of mental disorders and lifetime suicide attempts in young adults, especially those who were always poor or became poor after childhood, suggest that recent socioeconomic-related stressful situations may have a higher impact on the current mental health than events earlier in life. However, we could not identify at what specific ages socioeconomic changes were more important.


Assuntos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Pobreza/psicologia , Classe Social , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/etiologia , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act ; 14(1): 82, 2017 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28645330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescents spend many hours in sitting activities as television viewing, video game playing and computer use. The relationship between sedentary behavior and respiratory health remains poorly elucidated. To date there have been no studies evaluating the relationship between sedentary behavior and pulmonary function in young populations. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between the trajectory of screen-based sedentary behavior from 11 to 18 years and pulmonary function at 18 years in a Brazilian birth cohort. METHODS: Data from a longitudinal prospective study conducted among the participants of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort. Time spent on television, video games, and computers during a weekday was self-reported at ages 11, 15 and 18 years. For each age, sedentary behavior was defined as the sum of time spent on these screen-based activities. To evaluate the sedentary behavior trajectory during adolescence group-based trajectory modeling was used. Outcome variables were three pulmonary function parameters: forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and peak expiratory flow (PEF), evaluated by spirometry, at 18 years expressed as z-scores. Crude and adjusted linear regressions, stratified by sex, were performed. RESULTS: The three-group trajectory of sedentary behavior was the best fitting model. The trajectory groups were: always high (representing 38.8% of the individuals), always moderate (54.1%), and always low (7.1%). In the adjusted analyses, boys in the always-low group for sedentary behavior had higher FVC at 18 years (ß = 0.177; 95% CI:0.027;0.327; p = 0.021) than boys in the always-high group. There were no differences for other pulmonary function parameters in boys. No significant association was found for girls. CONCLUSION: The trajectory of screen-based sedentary behavior throughout adolescence was not consistent associated with pulmonary function at 18 years.


Assuntos
Computadores , Pulmão/fisiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Televisão , Jogos de Vídeo , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Exercício , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pico do Fluxo Expiratório , Estudos Prospectivos , Autorrelato , Fatores Sexuais , Espirometria , Capacidade Vital
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