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J Vis Exp ; (151)2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609305


Reactive sputtering is a versatile technique used to form compact films with excellent homogeneity. In addition, it allows easy control over deposition parameters such as gas flow rate that results in changes on composition and thus in the film required properties. In this report, reactive sputtering is used to deposit niobium oxide films. A niobium target is used as metal source and different oxygen flow rates to deposit niobium oxide films. The oxygen flow rate was changed from 3 to 10 sccm. The films deposited under low oxygen flow rates show higher electrical conductivity and provide better perovskite solar cells when used as electron transport layer.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 101: 111-119, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029304


The aim of this study was to tailor the deposition parameters of magnetron sputtering to synthetize tantalum oxide (TaxOy) films onto commercially pure titanium (cpTi) surface. The structural and optical properties, morphology, roughness, elemental chemical composition and surface energy were assessed. The impact of TaxOy films on initial Streptococcus sanguinis adhesion was investigated. The morphology and spreading of pre-osteoblastic (MC3T3-E1) cells on a crystalline tantalum oxide film were evaluated. TaxOy films with estimated thickness of 600 nm and different structures (amorphous or crystalline) were produced depending on the various oxygen flow rates and parameters used. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the 8 O2 sccm (600 °C/400 W) group showed crystallization corresponding to the ß-Ta2O5 phase. Optical analysis showed that the 4 O2 sccm (200 °C 300 W) to 8 O2 sccm (600 °C 300 W) groups and 10 O2 sccm (200 °C 300 W) group presented regular and large-amplitude interference oscillations, suggesting high optical homogeneity of the films. The crystalline ß-Ta2O5 coating showed higher roughness and surface energy values than the other groups (P < .05) and was biocompatible. Compared with cpTi, the amorphous and crystalline tantalum oxide films did not increase bacterial adhesion (P > .05). By tailoring the deposition parameters, we synthetized a crystalline ß-Ta2O5 coating that improved titanium surface properties and positively affected cell spreading and morphology, making it a promising surface treatment for titanium-based implants.

Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Tantálio/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/ultraestrutura , Refratometria , Termodinâmica , Difração de Raios X