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1.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 104(1): 106-15, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25655488

RESUMO

Guided tissue regeneration is a technique used for periodontium reconstruction. This technique uses barrier membranes, which prevent epithelial growth in the wound site and may also be used to release antibiotics, to protect the wound against opportunistic infections. Periodontal poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) membranes containing metronidazole (a drug used to help in infection control) were produced and characterized. The kinetic mechanism of the metronidazole delivery of leached and nonleached membrane as well as its cytotoxicity and structural integrity were evaluated. Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) membranes containing 0.5-2 wt % of the drug and 20 wt % of the plasticizer were manufactured via compression molding. Based on morphological analysis, membranes loaded with 2% metronidazole were considered for detailed studies. The results revealed that metronidazole delivery by the leached membranes seemed to follow the Fick's law. Membranes were noncytotoxic. The amount of metronidazole delivered was in the range of the minimal inhibitory concentration for Porphyromonas gingivalis, and the membranes inhibited the proliferation of these bacteria. Besides, they maintained their mechanical resistance after 30 days of immersion in phosphate buffer at pH 7.4.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Hidroxibutiratos , Membranas Artificiais , Metronidazol , Periodontite/terapia , Poliésteres , Porphyromonas gingivalis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada Periodontal/métodos , Humanos , Hidroxibutiratos/química , Hidroxibutiratos/farmacocinética , Hidroxibutiratos/farmacologia , Metronidazol/química , Metronidazol/farmacocinética , Metronidazol/farmacologia , Periodontite/microbiologia , Poliésteres/química , Poliésteres/farmacocinética , Poliésteres/farmacologia
2.
Aust Endod J ; 39(2): 73-7, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23890263

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of electrochemical polishing on the cyclic fatigue, cutting efficiency and surface topography of Miltex nickel-titanium rotary files. A group of files were submitted to electrochemical polishing. New files and polished files were tested for flexural fatigue and for cutting efficiency. Scanning electron microscopy observations of all files were carried out to compare the surface morphologies of polished and new files. The t-test was used to compare the groups for cutting efficiency. Scanning electron microscopy analysis indicated that the polishing resulted in more regular surfaces in relation to the new files. Electropolished files attained a significantly higher number of cycles to fracture than new unpolished files. No statistical difference exists between the groups in relation to the cutting efficiency (t-test, P < 0.05). The polished files keep their integrity for a significantly higher number of cycles to fracture than the new files, without compromising cutting efficiency.


Assuntos
Ligas Dentárias/química , Polimento Dentário/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Níquel/química , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Titânio/química , Ácido Acético/química , Desenho de Equipamento , Falha de Equipamento , Ácido Fluorídrico/química , Teste de Materiais , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Ácido Nítrico/química , Maleabilidade , Rotação , Propriedades de Superfície
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