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1.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 71(20): 2281-2290, 2018 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29540327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anthracycline (ANT) chemotherapy is associated with cardiotoxicity. Prevention with ß-blockers remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study sought to evaluate the role of carvedilol in preventing ANT cardiotoxicity. METHODS: The authors randomized 200 patients with HER2-negative breast cancer tumor status and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) referred for ANT (240 mg/m2) to receive carvedilol or placebo until chemotherapy completion. The primary endpoint was prevention of a ≥10% reduction in LVEF at 6 months. Secondary outcomes were effects of carvedilol on troponin I, B-type natriuretic peptide, and diastolic dysfunction. RESULTS: Primary endpoint occurred in 14 patients (14.5%) in the carvedilol group and 13 patients (13.5%) in the placebo group (p = 1.0). No differences in changes of LVEF or B-type natriuretic peptide were noted between groups. A significant difference existed between groups in troponin I levels over time, with lower levels in the carvedilol group (p = 0.003). Additionally, a lower incidence of diastolic dysfunction was noted in the carvedilol group (p = 0.039). A nonsignificant trend toward a less-pronounced increase in LV end-diastolic diameter during the follow-up was noted in the carvedilol group (44.1 ± 3.64 mm to 45.2 ± 3.2 mm vs. 44.9 ± 3.6 mm to 46.4 ± 4.0 mm; p = 0.057). CONCLUSIONS: In this largest clinical trial of ß-blockers for prevention of cardiotoxicity under contemporary ANT dosage, the authors noted a 13.5% to 14.5% incidence of cardiotoxicity. In this scenario, carvedilol had no impact on the incidence of early onset of LVEF reduction. However, the use of carvedilol resulted in a significant reduction in troponin levels and diastolic dysfunction. (Carvedilol Effect in Preventing Chemotherapy-Induced Cardiotoxicity [CECCY]; NCT01724450).


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiotoxicidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiotoxicidade/prevenção & controle , Carvedilol/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
2.
Am J Transplant ; 5(8): 2017-21, 2005 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15996254

RESUMO

Heart transplantation (HT) remains the treatment of choice for advanced chagasic cardiomyopathy. New immunosuppression protocols have provided better control of rejection (RJ) and cardiac allograft vasculopathy. However, their influence on infection and Chagas disease reactivation (CDR) is not well established. The aim of this study was to compare the CDR rate in patients under two different immunosuppression protocols. We studied 39 chagasic patients who had undergone orthotopic HT between April, 1987 and June, 2004. They were divided into two groups, one taking azathioprine (group 1=24 patients) and the other taking mycophenolate mofetil (group 2=15 patients), in the standard doses (2 mg/kg/day and 2 g/day, respectively), beside prednisone and cyclosporine, in equivalent doses. The number of CDR and RJ episodes were analyzed in the first and second years after HT. CDR rates were 8%+/-5% at 1 year and 12%+/-6% at 2 years of follow-up in group 1. Otherwise, patients in group 2 presented CDR rates of 75%+/-10% and 81%+/-9% at the same periods, respectively (p<0.0001, hazard ratio=6.06). When comparing RJ rates in the first year after HT, both groups had similar behavior under both immunosuppression protocols (p=0.88). These data show that current prescribed doses of mycophenolate mofetil increase the early risk of CDR without changing RJ incidence in this period.


Assuntos
Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Coração , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Ácido Micofenólico/análogos & derivados , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/cirurgia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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