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1.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 101(6): 2202-8, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26912303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lack of a correlation between myocardial necrosis biomarkers and electrocardiographic abnormalities after revascularization procedures has resulted in a change in the myocardial infarction (MI) definition. METHODS: Patients with stable multivessel disease who underwent percutaneous or surgical revascularization were included. Electrocardiograms and concentrations of high-sensitive cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase (CK)-MB were assessed before and after procedures. Cardiac magnetic resonance and late gadolinium enhancement were performed before and after procedures. MI was defined as more than five times the 99th percentile upper reference limit for cTnI and 10 times for CK-MB in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), respectively, and new late gadolinium enhancement for cardiac magnetic resonance. RESULTS: Of the 202 patients studied, 69 (34.1%) underwent on-pump CABG, 67 (33.2%) off-pump CABG, and 66 (32.7%) PCI. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed the accuracy of cTnI for on-pump CABG, off-pump CABG, and PCI patients was 21.7%, 28.3%, and 52.4% and for CK-MB was 72.5%, 81.2%, and 90.5%, respectively. The specificity of cTnI was 3.6%, 9.4%, and 42.1% and of CK-MB was 73.2%, 86.8%, and 96.4%, respectively. Sensitivity of cTnI was 100%, 100%, and 100% and of CK-MB was 69.2%, 64.3%, and 44.4%, respectively. The best cutoff of cTnI for on-pump CABG, off-pump CABG, and PCI was 6.5 ng/mL, 4.5 ng/mL, and 4.5 ng/mL (162.5, 112.5, and 112.5 times the 99th percentile upper reference limit) and of CK-MB was 37.5 ng/mL, 22.5 ng/mL, and 11.5 ng/mL (8.5, 5.1, and 2.6 times the 99th percentile upper reference limit), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with cardiac magnetic resonance, CK-MB was more accurate than cTnI for diagnosing MI. These data suggest a higher troponin cutoff for the diagnosis of procedure-related MI.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida
2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 39(2): 231-7, 2002 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11788212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We tested whether acute hormone therapy reduces ambulatory electrocardiographic ischemia in postmenopausal (PMP) women with unstable angina (UA). BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction contributes to the pathophysiology of UA. Acute estrogen administration improves endothelial function in PMP women with coronary artery disease and increases coronary artery blood flow. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-three PMP women with UA (mean age 69.7 years), treated with standard anti-ischemic therapy, were enrolled within 24 h of symptom onset. In a double-blind fashion, subjects were randomized to receive intravenous followed by oral conjugated estrogen for 21 days, intravenous estrogen followed by oral conjugated estrogen plus medroxyprogesterone for 21 days or placebo. The primary end point was the number of ambulatory electrocardiographic ischemic events over the first 48 h. Clinical events were also determined over six months of follow-up. RESULTS: Electrocardiographic ischemia did not differ among the three randomized groups. The mean number of ischemic events per patient over 48 h was 0.74 for estrogen, 0.86 for estrogen plus progesterone and 0.74 for the placebo groups (p = 0.87). The percentage of patients with ischemic events and the mean duration of ischemia did not differ between hormone- and placebo-treated patients. In-hospital and six-month rates of adverse clinical events were also similar among the three randomized groups. CONCLUSIONS: Acute hormone therapy does not reduce ischemia in PMP women with UA when added to standard anti-ischemic therapy.


Assuntos
Angina Instável/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Reposição de Estrogênios , Estrogênios Conjugados (USP)/uso terapêutico , Medroxiprogesterona/uso terapêutico , Isquemia Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Congêneres da Progesterona/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Instável/fisiopatologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Síndrome
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