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1.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335819

RESUMO

Myofibroma (MF) is a benign mesenchymal myofibroblast-derived tumor, which occurs most frequently in children, and rarely affects the maxilla. We reported a case of an aggressive intraosseous lesion found in the maxilla of a 9-year-old female child. Intraorally, the swelling extended from tooth 12 to 16, causing displacement of teeth 13, 14, and 15. Computed tomography revealed a large osteolytic lesion causing thinning and cortical erosion. Microscopically, the lesion showed a proliferation of spindle-shaped cells, with elongated nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in interlaced fascicles. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed cytoplasmic positivity for α-SMA and HHF-35, and negativity for desmin, laminin, S-100, ß-catenin, and CD34. Ki-67 was positive in 8% of tumor cells. The diagnosis was MF. Herein, we describe an additional case of central MF arising in the maxilla, including clinical, imaging, microscopical, and immunohistochemical features, as well as a review of the literature.

2.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077056

RESUMO

Data on the occurrence and clinicopathological characteristics of actinic cheilitis (AC) and lip squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) are well studied; however, they are based on studies limited to a single centre. Herein, we described the frequency of AC and LSCC submitted to microscopic examination from representative geographic regions of Brazil. A retrospective multicentre study was performed on biopsies obtained from 1953 to 2018 at 10 Brazilian oral and maxillofacial pathology centres. A total of 198,709 biopsy specimens were surveyed. Sociodemographic data and clinicopathologic characteristics were analysed. A total of 2017 cases of ACs (1.0%) and 850 cases of LSCCs (0.4%) were recorded. A strong fair-skinned (> 87%) male (> 70%) predilection was observed in both conditions. The mean age was 54.8 ± 18.7 for individuals with AC and 57.8 ± 19.0 for individuals with LSCC. The most commonly affected site was the lower lip (> 90%). This is a large multicentre study of AC and LSCC from Brazil. The frequency and clinicopathological features of AC and LSCC were similar to those described worldwide. This study provides robust and representative epidemiological data of these conditions for the scientific community.

3.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 49(3): 278-283, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The molecular pathogenesis of odontogenic myxoma has not been established yet. Considering that odontogenic myxoma may show myofibroblastic differentiation and myxoid areas can be observed in intra-osseous myofibromas, we tested the hypothesis whether both tumors share a common molecular profile. As recent studies have reported PDGFRB recurrent driver mutations in myofibroma, we evaluated PDGFRB mutations in odontogenic myxomas. METHODS: A convenience sample of 15 odontogenic myxomas cases was selected. We direct sequenced PDGFRB exons 12 and 14, where p.R561C (c.1681C>T) and p.N666K (c.1998C>G) hotspot mutations have been reported among others in single and/or multiple myofibromas. RESULTS: All 15 odontogenic myxoma samples were successfully sequenced, and all 15 had wild-type sequences for the PDGFRB mutations investigated. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that PDGFRB mutations do not play a role in odontogenic myxoma pathogenesis, which might be helpful in the differential diagnosis of challenging cases.


Assuntos
Miofibroma/genética , Mixoma/genética , Tumores Odontogênicos/genética , Receptor beta de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Adulto Jovem
4.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 1066896920901755, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986944

RESUMO

A clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor is a rare benign odontogenic neoplasm, accounting for 33 cases described in the literature. In this article, we report a challenging example of clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor of the posterior maxilla in a 45-year-old female patient showing locally aggressive growth and recurrence. Microscopically, islands of polyhedral cells containing abundant cytoplasm, well-developed intercellular bridges blended with clear cells were observed. The nuclei were frequently pleomorphic and permeated by hyaline calcified material. Immunohistochemistry revealed positivity for pan-cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), cytokeratins (CK-14 and CK-19), Bcl-2, p53, and p63. The Ki-67 proliferative index was ~10%. As odontogenic tumors are rare, when a significant clear cell component is observed, the differential diagnosis with other lesions of the jaws with similar morphology, including other odontogenic tumors with prominent clear cell component, clear cell odontogenic carcinomas, and metastatic tumors, is difficult.

5.
Oral Dis ; 26(3): 711-715, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917876

RESUMO

We present the frequency of cases of isolated odontogenic keratocysts submitted to microscopic examination at 10 Brazilian referral centres in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. In a retrospective (1953-2017) analysis, data on clinicoradiographic features and treatment of these lesions were collected and analysed descriptively. Among the 258,867 cases retrieved, 2,497 (0.96%) were isolated odontogenic keratocysts. In summary, an overview of individuals affected with isolated odontogenic keratocysts is reported herein. This lesion showed predilection for the posterior mandible of young adult men.

6.
Oral Dis ; 26(1): 43-52, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral sarcomas from geographic regions of Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on biopsies obtained from January 2007 to December 2016 at twelve Brazilian oral and maxillofacial pathology centres. Gender, age, evolution time, clinical aspects, tumour location, tumour size at diagnosis, radiographic aspects and histopathological diagnosis were evaluated. Data were analysed using descriptive statistical methods. RESULTS: From 176,537, a total of 200 (0.11%) oral sarcomas were reported, and the most prevalent were osteosarcomas (74 cases; 37%) and Kaposi's sarcomas (52 cases; 26%). Males were more affected than females at a mean age of 32.2 years old (range of 3-87 years). The most common symptoms were swelling¸ localised pain and bleeding at a mean evolution time of 5.14 months (range <1-156 months). The lesions were mostly observed in the mandible (90 cases; 45%), with a mean tumour size of 3.4 cm (range of 0.3-15 cm). Radiographically, the lesions presented a radiolucent aspect showing cortical bone destruction and ill-defined limits. CONCLUSIONS: Oral sarcomas are rare lesions with more than 50 described subtypes. Osteosarcomas and Kaposi's sarcomas were the main sarcomas of the oral cavity in Brazil.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia , Sarcoma/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteossarcoma/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma de Kaposi/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 49(1): 14-20, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumour is an unusual neoplasm of the oral cavity that is sometimes not clinically distinguishable from other lesions. The purpose of the present study was to review the clinical, microscopic and molecular aspects of malignant and benign solitary fibrous tumour of the oral cavity currently available in literature. METHODS: For our review, an electronic search was performed using PubMed, Scopus, Ovid/MedLine, Web of science and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global database. RESULTS: A total of 74 publications reporting 150 cases were included. Oral solitary fibrous tumours are most frequently described as submucosal, well-circumscribed, asymptomatic nodule, more prevalent in females in their fourth to fifth decades of life. Buccal mucosa is the most commonly affected site by the benign tumour variant, whereas the tongue is the most common location affected by the malignant form of the neoplasm. Most of the lesions were treated by conservative surgery. One recurrent malignant tumour and one metastasis are reported. CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic normal-coloured submucosal nodules located in the buccal mucosa and tongue in adult patients are suggestive of oral solitary fibrous tumour, but only a careful microscopic examination can differentiate benign from malignant variants and the use of immunohistochemistry (CD34, Bcl-2, CD99 and STAT6), and cytogenetic studies (NAB2-STAT6) contribute significantly to confirm the diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumour in difficult cases.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Fibrosos Solitários , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Boca
8.
Dent Traumatol ; 2019 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606925

RESUMO

The avulsion of a permanent immature tooth is a serious condition and a real emergency in dentistry. The management of a traumatized avulsed tooth is always a challenge to the clinician. This case report concerns the development of a calcified odontogenic hamartoma after the avulsion of an immature central incisor in an eight-year-old female. The patient presented for the treatment four months after the avulsion. Her intraoral examination showed complete healing of the area but an atypical appearance of the alveolar area of the missing tooth was observed in the periapical radiograph. A new radiographic scan performed six months later revealed the formation of a radiopaque irregular structure at the cervical level of the alveolar ridge at the site of the missing tooth. Surgical removal was performed, and the histopathological examination revealed a hamartomatous proliferation of odontogenic tissue with calcification. After healing, the lateral incisor was orthodontically moved mesially and restored to resemble the central incisor. An orthodontic device was installed to improve function and aesthetics of the patient.

9.
Oral Dis ; 25(8): 1919-1924, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To establish a predictive clinical index of malignancy risk in palatal salivary gland tumors (PSGT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred cases of PSGT were evaluated. Clinical data were retrieved from the patient's files. Representative clinical photographs of each tumor were evaluated to identify clinical features suggestive of a malignant tumor. Features significantly associated with malignancy were included in a binary logistic regression model. RESULTS: Malignant tumors were more common in the hard palate, in women and in older patients. Features associated with a malignant diagnosis included pain (p = .017), irregular surface (p = .004), bluish/purple coloration (p < .001), ulceration (p = .005), and telangiectasia (p = .015). After multivariate logistic regression, pain (OR: 4.017; 95% CI: 1.198-13.471; p = .024) and color alteration (OR: 7.243; 95% CI: 2.068-25.363; p = .002) were independently associated with malignancy. Including these factors in a predictive index, the proportion of malignant tumors in patients presenting none, one and two factors were 25% (95% CI: 0.13-0.40), 67% (95% CI: 0.48-0.83), and 85% (95% CI: 0.42-0.99), respectively. CONCLUSION: Pain and color alteration might be independent predictors of malignancy in PSGT, which could support the decision to perform an incisional or excisional biopsy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Palatinas/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Palato Duro , Glândulas Salivares Menores , Distribuição por Sexo
10.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 48(10): 935-942, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to report the clinicopathologic, radiographic and immunohistochemical features of five South American cases of intraosseous xanthomas of the mandible and to compare them to those detected in a literature review. METHODS: Clinical data were collected from the records of three Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology services in South America and compared with those compiled from a literature review based on a search of three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus). All cases were evaluated by haematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry for CD68 and S-100. RESULTS: The series comprised four females (80%) and one male (20%) with a mean age of 23.3 ± 10.9 years (range: 13-45 years). In four cases, there was involvement of the posterior region of the mandible (80%). The lesions presented radiographically as unilocular (60%) radiolucencies with punched-out margin (80%). All cases predominantly consisted of CD68-positive and S-100-negative xanthomatous cells. No recurrences were observed after curettage, with a median follow-up of 27 months. CONCLUSION: Intraosseous xanthoma of the jaws is a rare benign disorder. We report here five additional cases affecting the mandible, for a total of 36 cases of the jaws reported in the literature. Overall, this lesion has predilection for posterior sites of the mandible of asymptomatic young adults.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Mandíbula/patologia , Xantomatose/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
11.
Oral Dis ; 25(5): 1277-1282, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30269389

RESUMO

The presence of a translocation involving MYB and NFIB genes have been described in adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) from different anatomical regions. However, the exact frequency of this genetic event and its prognostic impact for patient survival remain obscure. The aim of this study was to carry out a systematic review to address the prevalence and the prognostic potential of t(6;9)(MYB-NFIB) in head and neck AdCC. Quantitative analysis was done to determine the prevalence of the translocation. A total of 1,107 articles were initially retrieved with 36 remaining for data extraction. The prevalence of t(6;9)(MYB-NFIB) varied significantly (16%-100%), especially due to methodological heterogeneity among studies. A total of 11 studies attempted to determine the prognostic importance of the translocation, but no study found any significant association with survival rates; only three studies observed a significant association with age, sex, tumour location and the presence of recurrences and metastases. The prevalence of t(6;9)(MYB-NFIB) in head and neck AdCC varies according to the laboratorial methods used, and the best evidence available demonstrates that t(6;9)(MYB-NFIB) does not seem to be a prognostic determinant.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/metabolismo , Genes myb , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Fatores de Transcrição NFI , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29934067

RESUMO

Oral and maxillofacial metastatic tumors are uncommon, with the breast, prostate, lung, and kidney representing the most common primary sites. Less than 1% of all breast cancers occur in male patients, and to date, only 8 cases of metastatic breast adenocarcinoma to the oral and maxillofacial region in a male patient have been reported in the literature. An 88-year-old male with previous history of a successfully treated primary breast adenocarcinoma 12 years earlier was referred for evaluation of an oral swelling lasting 6 months. Intraoral examination revealed a 2-cm reddish, pedunculated nodule with a smooth surface located in the left retromolar region. Imaging revealed maxillary sinus involvement. The patient underwent incisional biopsy, and microscopic evaluation revealed invasive tumor islands compounded by malignant epithelial cells, sometimes exhibiting ductal arrangement, which were positive for the estrogen receptor and gross cystic disease fluid protein 15. The final diagnosis was metastatic breast adenocarcinoma. Breast metastases are exceedingly rare in the oral and maxillofacial region of male patients; however, clinicians should consider breast metastasis when evaluating reddish oral nodules in older patients, including men, especially those with a history of malignancy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias Bucais , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Bucais/secundário
13.
Head Neck Pathol ; 13(2): 125-130, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29556916

RESUMO

Primordial odontogenic tumor (POT) was recently recognized in the 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) Classification as a distinct mixed odontogenic tumor most commonly observed in the posterior mandible of young patients. POT appears as an expansile radiolucency associated to an unerupted tooth. The aim of the present study was to perform a retrospective microscopic evaluation of pediatric odontogenic tumors diagnosed in an Oral Pathology Laboratory from Rio de Janeiro-Brazil, in order to reclassify potential cases as POT. From 150 cases of odontogenic tumors in children diagnosed in the last 50 years, one case filled the criteria for POT, being therefore better diagnosed as such. The patient was in the first decade of life and presented a well-defined expansile tumor in the posterior mandible, which had been initially diagnosed as immature complex odontoma. To the best of our knowledge, only 12 cases of POT have been reported in the English-language literature. We herein present an additional case of POT and review of its clinicopathological findings is offered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Mandibulares/patologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Masculino
14.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 23(5): e511-e517, sept. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-176367

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of oral and maxillofacial lesions affecting children and adolescents patients from a single oral pathology laboratory from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Material and Methods: Oral and maxillofacial lesions biopsied in patients younger than 19-years were retrieved from the oral pathology files of the Department of Oral Diagnosis and Pathology, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro over a 75-year period (1942-2017). The clinical data and the diagnoses of each case were included in a Microsoft Excel® database, being classified into 13 categories according to the etiology. A descriptive analysis of the variables age, gender and final diagnosis was made. Results: From 19.095 lesions diagnosed in this period, 2408 (12.61%) were from patients aged 0 to19 years, with a higher incidence in females in the second decade. Salivary gland pathology was the most common group of lesions (24.30%), followed by reactive lesions (16.82%) and odontogenic cysts (14.66%). Mucocele was the most common lesion (21.72%), followed by dentigerous cyst (6.48%) and fibrous hyperplasia (6.44%). Malignant lesions were observed in 1.12% of all cases with Burkitt lymphoma as the most frequent. Conclusions: Our results were similar to previous studies and knowledge of these data may contribute to the understanding of oral lesions that most commonly affects children


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Doenças Dentárias/epidemiologia , Cisto Dentígero/epidemiologia , Hiperplasia Gengival/epidemiologia , Mucosa Bucal , Cistos não Odontogênicos/epidemiologia , Granuloma Periapical/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cisto Radicular/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Head Neck Pathol ; 12(4): 431-439, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29164473

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplastic proliferation with variable clinical behavior caused by the accumulation of CD1a+/CD207+ histiocytes, associated with a variable number of eosinophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells and multinucleated giant cells, most commonly observed in male children. LCH is uncommon in the head and neck region, occurring as ulcerated and reddened plaques or nodules that cause destruction of adjacent soft tissues and bone. The exact etiology of LCH is still unknown and controversial, with possible etiologic role of viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The aim of this study was to describe the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of patients with LCH of the head and neck region. Clinical data from 19 patients with LCH were obtained from the archives of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and the Clinical Head and Neck Center of Guatemala. All cases were submitted to morphological, immunohistochemical analysis with CD1a, CD207, CD3, CD20, CD68, S-100 and Ki-67 and in situ hybridization for EBV. Ten cases were female and 9 male, with mean age of 11.5 years. Fourteen cases were located in the oral cavity, three cases in lymph nodes, and two cases in the scalp. In regard to the oral lesions, 13 cases were intra-osseous with six cases in anterior mandible, five cases in posterior mandible, and two cases in posterior maxilla while one case was located exclusively in the gingiva. The inflammatory pattern showed variation in the number of plasma cells, eosinophils and lymphocytes, while tumor cells were positive for CD1a, S-100 and CD68 in all cases, and positive for CD207 in 18 cases. In situ hybridization for EBV were negative in all cases.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cabeça , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Lactente , América Latina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/patologia , Pescoço , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 9(9): e1167-e1171, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29075423

RESUMO

Myeloid sarcoma is a tumor mass of immature myeloid or granulocytic cells that affects extramedullary anatomic sites, including uncommonly the oral cavity. A 24-year-old female was referred for evaluation of a fast growing painful gingival swelling lasting 2 weeks, associated with fever, fatigue, and cervical lymphadenopathy. Intraoral examination showed a bluish swelling on the right posterior lower gingiva exhibiting necrotic surface. Incisional biopsy of the gingival lesion displayed diffuse infiltration of undifferentiated tumor cells with granulocytic appearance, strongly immunopositive for CD99, myeloperoxidase and Ki-67 (60%), and negative for CD20, CD3, CD34 and TdT. Blood tests presented a severe pancytopenia, and genetic analysis confirmed the diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia. The final diagnosis was of oral myeloid sarcoma associated with acute promyelocytic leukemia with t(15;17). The patient was submitted to chemotherapy but died of the disease one month later. The clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of the present case are compared with the 89 cases of oral myeloid sarcoma previously reported in the English-language literature. Key words:Myeloid sarcoma, chloroma, granulocytic sarcoma, gingiva, oral, acute promyelocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia.

17.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 9(6): e825-e831, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28638563

RESUMO

Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a malignant soft-tissue neoplasm rarely described in the head and neck region of children and adolescents. We describe a case of EMC affecting the masticator space and a literature review. A 13-year-old boy who presented a large painless, diffuse mass causing progressive midfacial asymmetry of 6 months duration. Histopathological evaluation revealed a multinodular lesion, containing scattered round vacuolated tumor cells dispersed in an abundant myxoid stroma, separated by fibrous septae. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed positivity for vimentin, neuron-specific enolase, and chromogranin. The Ki-67 labelling index was 42%. The patient was treated surgically with tumor resection followed by adjuvant local radiotherapy. The patient died 1 year after initial diagnosis due to locoregional tumor dissemination. EMC should be considered in the differential diagnosis of myxoid neoplasms in the head and neck region. Key words:Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, masticator space, parapharyngeal space, immunohistochemistry, children.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28302494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the microscopic filamentous aggregates observed in radicular cysts are associated with the molecular identification of Actinomyces israelii. Moreover, to verify whether this bacterium can be detected in radicular cyst specimens not presenting aggregates. STUDY DESIGN: Microscopic colonies suggestive of Actinomyces were found in 8 out of 279 radicular cyst samples (case group). The case and control groups (n = 12; samples without filamentous colonies) were submitted to the semi-nested polymerase chain reaction to test the presence of A israelii. DNA sequencing was performed to validate polymerase chain reaction results. RESULTS: Two and 3 samples in the case and control groups, respectively, did not present a functional genomic DNA template and were excluded from the study. A israelii was identified in all samples of the case group and in 3 out of 9 samples of the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Although A israelii is more commonly identified in radicular cysts presenting filamentous aggregates, it also appears to be detected in radicular cysts without this microscopic finding.


Assuntos
Actinomyces/isolamento & purificação , Actinomicose/diagnóstico , Cisto Radicular/microbiologia , Actinomicose/microbiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 9(12): e1487-e1491, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29410767

RESUMO

The antimalarials are one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for conditions such as lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis, and the side effects, though infrequent, are well known. The antimalarial agent chloroquine diphosphate usually causes pigmentary changes in the oral mucosa characterized by a bluish-grey to black discolorations mainly in the hard palate. Considering only the hard palate hyperpigmentation caused by chloroquine, to the best of our knowledge, only 13 cases have been reported in the English language literature. We described an additional case of palate hyperpigmentation related to the chronic use of chloroquine diphosphate in a 60-year-old Mexican woman. Although the diagnosis is usually made based on medication history and clinical presentation, a biopsy specimen may be helpful to confirm the diagnosis. Clinicians must be aware of these drugs and their adverse effects in order to make the correct diagnosis and decide on the optimal treatment for the condition. Key words:Oral cavity, hard palate, hyperpigmentation, chloroquine, antimalarials.

20.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 45(9): 672-681, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26991799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salivary gland carcinomas are uncommon neoplasms and the identification of new prognostic indicators could improve their management. HOXB7 and HOXB9 are members of the class I homeobox-containing genes important for normal embryogenesis and that are dysregulated in several human neoplasms. This study investigated HOXB7 and HOXB9 expressions in salivary gland tumourigenesis, their correlation with neoplastic proliferative and angiogenic features and their importance as prognostic markers. METHODS: A hundred and fifty salivary gland tumours were organized in tissue microarray and expressions of CD105, Ki67, HOXB7 and HOXB9 were determined through immunohistochemistry. Reactions were quantified and correlated with clinicopathological parameters. RESULTS: In normal glands, HOXB7 was found in basal cells, whereas HOXB9 was seen in serous acinar and scattered ductal cells. Malignancies exhibited an increased vascular density, proliferative index, HOXB7 and HOXB9 expressions when compared with pleomorphic adenoma and Warthin's tumour. Significant correlation was found between HOXB7 and CD105 (P = 0.004) in adenoid cystic carcinomas, and HOXB7 higher expression significantly correlated with the presence of paresthesia (P = 0.02). No marker exhibited a significant association with survival rates (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: HOXB7 and HOXB9 were expressed in normal salivary gland and were present in benign and malignant tumours derived from these structures, and HOXB7 significantly correlated with neoangiogenesis in AdCC. These findings suggest that both proteins might play a role in salivary gland tumourigenesis, but they were not significant prognostic determinants in this sample.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Criança , Endoglina/genética , Endoglina/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Ki-67/genética , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Patológica , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/metabolismo , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Adulto Jovem
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