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1.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414559

RESUMO

Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is the most common form of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis and oral mucosal involvement is exceedingly rare. Histiocytic disorders harbor activating mutations in MAPK pathway, including the report of BRAF V600E in JXG of extracutaneous site. However, no information is available for oral JXG. Herein, the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of five new oral JXG were evaluated in conjunction with literature review. Also, we assessed the BRAF V600E in oral samples. Five oral JXG were retrieved from pathology archives. Morphological and immunohistochemical analyses were performed. The BRAF V600E status was determined with TaqMan allele-specific qPCR. The series comprised of three female and two male patients, most of them adults, with a median age of 39 years (range 13-68 years). Clinically, the lesions appeared as asymptomatic solitary nodules, measuring until 2.5 cm, with more incident to the buccal mucosa. Morphologically, most of the cases presented classical histological features of JXG, with histiocytic cells consistent with the non-Langerhans cell immunophenotype. BRAF V600E was not detected in the cases tested. This is the first and largest published series of oral JXG affecting adults and a Brazilian population. The molecular pathogenesis of oral JXG remains unknown. Clinicians and pathologists must recognize JXG to avoid misdiagnoses with oral benign or malignant lesions.

2.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the clinicopathologic features of acquired oral syphilis cases in South American countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively collected from the records of 18 oral diagnostic services in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Uruguay, and Peru. Serologies of nontreponemal and treponemal tests were used for diagnosis. RESULTS: The series comprised 339 cases of acquired oral syphilis. Secondary syphilis ranked as the most common stage (86.7%). Lesions were more frequent among males (58.0%) and young adults with a mean age of 33.3 years. Individuals aged 20-29 years were most affected (35.3%). The most commonly involved sites were the tongue (31.6%), lip/labial commissure (25.1%), and hard/soft palate (20.4%). Clinically, acquired oral syphilis usually presented as mucous patches (28.4%), papules (25.7%), and ulcers (18.1%). Skin manifestations occurred in 67.7% of individuals, while lymphadenopathy and fever were observed in 61.3% and 11.6% of all subjects, respectively. Most patients were treated with the benzathine penicillin G antibiotic. CONCLUSION: This report validates the spread of acquired oral syphilis infection among young adults in South America. Our directives include accessible diagnostic tools for proper disease screening, surveillance, and counselling of affected individuals, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

3.
Rheumatol Int ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283264

RESUMO

Focal lymphocytic sialadenitis (FLS), an important diagnostic criterion for Sjögren's syndrome (SS) diagnosis, can also be observed when assessing minor salivary gland (mSG) biopsies from healthy asymptomatic individuals (non-SS patients). Fifty cases of primary SS (pSS group) and 31 cases of oral reactive lesions (non-SS non-sicca group) containing also typical FLS features, were assessed by morphological and immunohistochemical (CD10, CD23 and Bcl-6) analysis, aiming at the detection of GCs. All pSS cases showed FLS with focus score (FS) ≥ 1. In the non-SS non-sicca group, 12, 10 and 9 cases showed FLS with FS ≥ 1, FLS with FS < 1 and FLS associated with chronic sclerosing sialadenitis with FS < 1, respectively. The morphological analysis revealed similar frequency of GCs in pSS (20%) and non-SS non-sicca group (19%). The area (p = 0.052) and largest diameter (p = 0.245) of GCs were higher in pSS than non-SS non-sicca group. The FS and number of foci were significantly higher in pSS than non-SS non-sicca group with FS < 1. Immunohistochemistry confirmed all morphological findings (GCs showing CD23 and Bcl-6 positivity, with variable CD10 expression) and additionally in 3 and 1 cases of the pSS and non-SS non-sicca group, respectively. Moreover, another 6 and 2 cases of the pSS and non-SS non-sicca group with FS ≥ 1, respectively, showed positivity only for CD23. FLS can also be observed when assessing oral reactive lesions, which showed similar frequency of GCs with those found in pSS patients. Further studies, including functional analysis of lymphocytic populations and GCs in FLS, are encouraged.

4.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 548-557, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial mature T/NK-cell neoplasms is challenging because of their rarity, morphological heterogeneity and complex immunophenotype with scarce available data describing their clinical and microscopic aspects. Therefore, in this study, we investigated a series of mature T/NK-cell neoplasms affecting this anatomical region and provided an updated literature review. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as mature T/NK-cell lymphomas affecting the oral and maxillofacial region were retrospectively retrieved from six pathology files and their diagnoses were confirmed using haematoxylin and eosin-stained slides, immunohistochemical reactions and in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) detection. Patients' clinical data were collected from their pathology forms. RESULTS: A total of 22 cases were included in this study. Eleven (50%) consisted of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type; eight (36.4%) were peripheral T-cell lymphomas, NOS; two (9.1%) were adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphomas, and one (4.5%) was an ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Overall, males predominated, with a mean age of 55.7 years. The palate was the most affected site (50%), and tumours usually presented as destructive and painful ulcers. EBV was present in all cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type but was absent in the other subtypes. CONCLUSION: Among mature T/NK-cell lymphomas of the oral and maxillofacial region, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, NOS predominated. Older men were the most affected patients, and this heterogeneous group of neoplasms has a very aggressive clinical behaviour.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Adulto , Idoso , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 603-612, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal regions are relatively uncommon, and their diagnosis is challenging and complex due to the myriad histopathological subtypes. Herein, we report a large series of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas and compare our data with the currently available literature. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as lymphomas affecting the oral and oropharyngeal regions were retrospectively retrieved from seven Brazilian institutions. Clinicodemographic data and histopathological features were evaluated and described, while a comprehensive literature review was undertaken in order to compare our findings. RESULTS: A total of 304 cases of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas were obtained, mostly affecting individuals aged 60-69 years (n = 68) with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.2 ± 20.1 years. Males and females were equally affected. Mature B-cell neoplasms (87.2%) were the most common group, followed by mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms (11.2%) and precursor lymphoid neoplasms (1.6%). The most frequent subtypes in each group were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 99), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (n = 12), and B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 4). The most commonly involved sites were the palate (26.3%), mandible (13%), and maxilla (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, remains the most common subtype of lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal region. Older patients are the most affected, with no gender predilection and the palate and jaw are usually affected.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Palato , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106410

RESUMO

Smooth muscle neoplasms represent an important group of lesions which is rare in the oral cavity. Leiomyoma (LM) is benign smooth muscle/pericytic tumor usually presenting as non-aggressive neoplasm, while leiomyosarcoma (LMS) represents its malignant counterpart. The rarity of these lesions, together with its unspecific clinical presentation and a variable histopathological appearance, lead to a broad list of differential diagnoses, hampering their diagnoses. Therefore, in this study we describe the clinical and microscopic features of a series of oral and maxillofacial LMs and LMSs. A retrospective search from 2000 to 2019 was performed and all cases diagnosed as LM and LMS affecting the oral cavity and gnathic bones were retrieved. Clinical and demographic data were obtained from the patients' pathology records, while microscopic features and immunohistochemistry were reviewed and completed when necessary to confirm the diagnoses. Twenty-two LMs and five LMSs were obtained. In the LM group, males predominated, with a mean age of 45.7 years. The upper lip was the most affected site, and 18 cases were classified as angioleiomyomas and four as solid LM. In the LMS group, females predominated, with a mean age of 47.6 years. The mandible was the most affected site. Diffuse proliferation of spindle cells, with necrosis and mitotic figures, were frequent microscopic findings. LMs and LMSs were positive for α-smooth muscle actin, HHF-35 and h-caldesmon. In conclusion, oral LM/LMS are uncommon neoplasms with the latter usually presenting as metastatic disease. H&E evaluation may be very suggestive of oral LMs, but h-caldesmon staining is strongly recommended to confirm LMS diagnosis.

7.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185247

RESUMO

The oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLC) is an uncommon lesion whose pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of the OLCs and to verify a possible association between OLCs and subgemmal neurogenous plaque (SNP) in the posterior lateral region of the tongue. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 106,282 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from six oral pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OLCs were reviewed, and clinical and histopathological data were collected. Immunohistochemical reactions for S-100 protein were performed to confirm the diagnosis of SNP. Among all lesions, there were 132 (0.11%) cases of OLCs. The series comprised 83 females (62.9%) and 49 males (37.1%), with a 1.7:1 female-to-male ratio and a mean age of 45.8 ± 17.7 years. Most cases involved the tongue (n = 80; 62.0%) and presented clinically as asymptomatic papules or nodules with a yellow or whitish color. Microscopically, most of the cysts were entirely lined by parakeratinized stratified epithelium (n = 89; 67.4%) and filled with desquamated cells, keratin debris, amorphous eosinophilic material, and inflammatory cells in varying amounts. Connection with the epithelium of oral mucosa was observed in 18 cases (13.6%). SNP was found in 9/80 (11.2%) cases involving the tongue. The clinical and demographic features of OLCs were similar to those described in previous studies. Overall, this lesion has a predilection for the posterior region of the tongue of female adults. Clinicians must include the OLC in the differential diagnosis of yellow/white papules and nodules of the oral cavity.

8.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 572-586, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma with three variants (endemic, sporadic, and immunodeficiency-associated), presenting with specific epidemiological and clinical features. Burkitt lymphoma affects the head and neck region (BLHN) in approximately 10% of cases. The aim of this study was to undertake a comparative analysis of the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) features of BLHN diagnosed in patients from Africa, Guatemala, and Brazil. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as BLHN were collected from the files of six oral pathology laboratory services (Brazil, South Africa, and Guatemala) and one Brazilian pediatric oncology hospital from 1986 to 2020. Clinicopathological and IHC data, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status by in situ hybridization data for each case were reviewed and described. RESULTS: Of the 52 cases, BLHN was predominant in pediatric patients [43 (82.69%)] and males [43 (82.69%)], with a mean age of 11.26 ± 9.68 years (range, 1-39 years). Neck and cervical lymph nodes [14 (26.92%)], and involvement of both maxilla and mandible [8 (15.38%)], were the most common anatomical sites. Clinically, tumor/swelling [40 (31.25%)], cervical lymphadenopathy [14 (10.94%)], pain [12 (9.38%)], and bone destruction [12 (9.38%)] were frequent findings. All cases showed typical morphological characteristics of BL. IHC profiles included positivity for CD20 [52 (100%)], CD10 [38 (79.17%)], Bcl6 [29 (87.88%)], and c-Myc protein [18 (81.82%)]. EBV was positive in 18 cases (62.07%). The Ki-67 index ranged from 90 to 100%. CONCLUSION: The clinicopathological and EBV profile of BLHN in South African, Guatemalan, and Brazilian patients is similar.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Oral Oncol ; 120: 105266, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810988

RESUMO

The malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a rare, aggressive malignant tumor that usually develops in the context of neurofibromatosis type 1. In the oral cavity, these tumors are excelling rare, especially in intraosseous sites. Herein, we report an unusual presentation of intraosseous MPNST affecting the mandible posterior region in a 28-year-old male without neurofibromatosis type 1 discovered as an incidental find on imaging exam. CT scan evaluation showed a solitary, well-defined, round hypodense lesion in the posterior mandibular region extending from tooth 45 to 46. Microscopic evaluation showed a tumor composed of atypical spindle-shaped cells arranged in fascicles and a storiform pattern. Tumor cells were positive for S-100 protein. Epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), pan-cytokeratin AE1/AE3, desmin, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), HMB-45, MART-1, MUC4, and CD56 were negative. The diagnosis was low-grade MPNST. The patient underwent wide surgical resection of the tumor. After three years of follow-up, the patient remained with no evidence of recurrence or metastatic disease. When an intraosseous neurogenic tumor is suspected based on radiological characteristics, despite the apparent benign nature, an incisional biopsy is mandatory to rule out malignancy before treatment planning to avoid inadequate conservative treatment.

10.
Gerodontology ; 38(3): 317-320, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590916

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nasolabial Cyst (NC) or Klestadt's cyst is a relatively rare soft tissue developmental lesion of nasal alar region accounting for 0.7% of all non-odontogenic cysts. NC usually presents as an asymptomatic swelling located in the anterior region of the maxilla lateral to midline-resulting in obliteration of nasolabial sulcus, nasal vestibule and maxillary labial sulcus and facial asymmetry-often observed on early stages by most patients due to cosmetics issues. CASE REPORT: A 76-year-old woman was referred for evaluation of an asymptomatic facial swelling in the left upper lip region lasting 20 years. Extraoral clinical examination showed a left-sided swelling lateral to midline near to the alar base resulting in facial asymmetry. Intraoral clinical examination revealed the presence of a single painless well-defined nodular, sessile, non-tender swelling covered by normal oral mucosa, and located in the upper labial mucosa in the left incisor's region. An excisional biopsy was performed, and microscopic examination revealed a cystic cavity lined by cuboidal to columnar epithelium with mucous cells. The underlying connective tissue showed chronic inflammatory infiltrate close to muscular tissue. Patient recovery was uneventful, and there are no signs of local recurrence in a 2-year clinical follow-up. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should consider NC when evaluating an upper lip swelling extending to the nasolabial region of the elders.


Assuntos
Cistos , Doenças Nasais , Idoso , Cistos/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Mucosa Bucal , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Doenças Nasais/diagnóstico
11.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol ; 131(4): 452-462.e4, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the clinicopathological, molecular, and prognostic features of oral/oropharyngeal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma. STUDY DESIGN: All cases were retrieved from 7 Brazilian institutions. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed to confirm the diagnoses and to categorize the tumors. In situ hybridization was used to detect Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to identify gene rearrangements. RESULTS: Most cases involved the oral cavity (76.8%). Males and females, with a mean age of 60 years, were evenly affected. Tumors mostly presented as painful swellings. Forty cases represented germinal center B-cell type (58%). Five cases presented double-hit translocation and 3 harbored rearrangement for MYC/BCL2/BCL6. EBV was detected in 3 cases (4.3%). The 5-year overall survival was 44.4%. Female sex, presence of pain and ulcer, microscopic "starry sky pattern" and necrosis, co-expression of c-Myc/Bcl2, and translocation of MYC were associated with a lower survival in univariate analysis (P = .05, P = .01, P = .01, P = .03, P = .05, P = .006, P = .05, respectively). CONCLUSION: Patients affected by oral/oropharyngeal DLBCL have a low survival rate. High-grade B-cell lymphoma (17.7%) and EBV-positive DLBCL, not otherwise specified (4.3%) account for a small number of cases.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética
12.
Oral Oncol ; 113: 105019, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988749

RESUMO

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive primary cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma that predominantly affects the sun-damaged skin of the head and neck region, extremities, and trunk of white older individuals. Microscopically, small to intermediate round blue cells show granular nuclei with a salt-and-pepper chromatin pattern, and are usually positive for epithelial and neuroendocrine markers, particularly for cytokeratin 20 in a perinuclear dot-like staining. The 5-year overall survival rate for individuals with localized MCC is 51% and the most common treatment choice is surgery with adjuvant radiotherapy. As far as we know, 23 cases of MCC of the lips have been reported to date in the English-language literature. We herein contribute by reporting a case of MCC affecting the lower lip of an 81-year-old male patient from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which likely represents the first reported case from Latin America. A review of the current literature is also included in an effort to familiarize providers with this rare, but potentially lethal neuroendocrine tumor.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of 62 cases of central odontogenic fibroma (COdF). STUDY DESIGN: Clinical and radiographic data were collected from the records of 13 oral pathology laboratories. All cases were microscopically reviewed, considering the current World Health Organization classification of tumors and were classified according to histopathologic features. RESULTS: There were 43 females and 19 males (average age 33.9 years; range 8-63 years). Clinically, COdF lesions appeared as asymptomatic swellings, occurring similarly in the maxilla (n = 33) and the mandible (n = 29); 9 cases exhibited palatal depression. Imaging revealed well-defined, interradicular unilocular (n = 27), and multilocular (n = 12) radiolucencies, with displacement of contiguous teeth (55%) and root resorption (46.4%). Microscopically, classic features of epithelial-rich (n = 33), amyloid (n = 10), associated giant cell lesion (n = 7), ossifying (n = 6), epithelial-poor (n = 3), and granular cell (n = 3) variants were seen. Langerhans cells were highlighted by CD1a staining in 17 cases. Most patients underwent conservative surgical treatments, with 1 patient experiencing recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the largest clinicopathologic study of COdF. Most cases appeared as locally aggressive lesions located in tooth-bearing areas in middle-aged women. Inactive-appearing odontogenic epithelium is usually observed within a fibrous/fibromyxoid stroma, occasionally exhibiting amyloid deposits, multinucleated giant cells, or granular cells.


Assuntos
Fibroma , Tumores Odontogênicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Fibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibroma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Maxila , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Odontogênicos/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Head Neck Pathol ; 15(1): 303-310, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335819

RESUMO

Myofibroma (MF) is a benign mesenchymal myofibroblast-derived tumor, which occurs most frequently in children, and rarely affects the maxilla. We reported a case of an aggressive intraosseous lesion found in the maxilla of a 9-year-old female child. Intraorally, the swelling extended from tooth 12 to 16, causing displacement of teeth 13, 14, and 15. Computed tomography revealed a large osteolytic lesion causing thinning and cortical erosion. Microscopically, the lesion showed a proliferation of spindle-shaped cells, with elongated nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in interlaced fascicles. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed cytoplasmic positivity for α-SMA and HHF-35, and negativity for desmin, laminin, S-100, ß-catenin, and CD34. Ki-67 was positive in 8% of tumor cells. The diagnosis was MF. Herein, we describe an additional case of central MF arising in the maxilla, including clinical, imaging, microscopical, and immunohistochemical features, as well as a review of the literature.

16.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(2): 210-219, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sialolipoma is a rare histological variant of lipoma commonly misdiagnosed and composed of a proliferation of mature adipocytes with secondary entrapment of normal salivary gland tissue. The purpose of the present study is to report the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of 10 new cases of sialolipomas in conjunction with a review of the literature. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 54,190 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from four oral and maxillofacial pathology services in Brazil were analysed. All cases of lipomas were reviewed, and clinical, demographic and histopathological data were collected of all cases compatible with sialolipomas. In addition, immunohistochemistry stains (AE1/AE3, CK7, 34ßE12, S-100, HHF35, α-SMA and Ki-67) and a literature review based on a search of three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus) were performed. RESULTS: Among all lipomas reviewed, there were 10 cases of sialolipomas. The series comprised of 7 females (70.0%) and 3 males (30.0%), with a mean age of 46.1 ± 21.5 years (range: 11-71 years) and a 2.3:1 female-to-male ratio. The lower lip (n = 3, 30.0%) and tongue (n = 2, 20.0%) were the most common locations, presenting clinically as a nodule of slow growth and normal colour. Conservative surgical excision was the treatment in all cases. No recurrence was observed. CONCLUSION: Sialolipomas are a rare histological variant of lipoma, affecting the salivary glands, mainly in the parotid gland and palate of female adults. Pathologists must recognise sialolipomas to avoid misdiagnoses with other lipomatous tumours that can affect salivary glands.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Glândulas Salivares Menores , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
18.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091145

RESUMO

Liposarcomas of the oral cavity are rare. Those originating in the buccal mucosa cause challenging diagnostic and therapeutic issues since less than 40 cases of liposarcomas of the buccal mucosa and cheek have been reported in the worldwide literature. Herein, we present a case of atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated liposarcoma affecting a 45-year-old female patient. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a well-defined mass located in the right buccal mucosa, extending to the submucosal layers of the cheek. Histopathologically, a well-differentiated fatty neoplasm with presence of prominent stromal inflammatory cells was observed. Multifocally scattered bizarre hyperchromatic stromal cells, some of which multinucleated, were also observed. An immunohistochemical panel comprising vimentin, S-100, CD10, CD34, CD20, CD3, CD68, CD138, MDM2, Ki-67, and P53 was employed to better characterize the lesion. A local recurrence event occurred during a 10-year follow-up period. Surgical resection was performed during both episodes. We also provided an overview of demographic and clinicopathological characteristics, immunohistochemical features, imaging findings, and the differential diagnosis of liposarcoma of the oral cavity. Knowledge of the etiopathological and clinical aspects of this rare neoplasm is fundamental in order to rule out other conditions, including lipomatous lesions that affect the buccal mucosa.

19.
J Mol Diagn ; 22(12): 1393-1399, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966885

RESUMO

The molecular pathogenesis of mixed odontogenic tumors has not been established, and understanding their genetic basis could refine their classification and help define molecular markers for diagnostic purposes. Potentially pathogenic mutations in the component tissues of 28 cases of mixed odontogenic tumors were assessed. Laser capture microdissected tissue from 10 ameloblastic fibromas (AF), 4 ameloblastic fibrodentinomas (AFD), 6 ameloblastic fibro-odontomas (AFO), 3 ameloblastic fibrosarcomas (AFS), and 5 odontomas (OD) were screened by next-generation sequencing and results confirmed by TaqMan allele-specific quantitative PCR. BRAF p.V600E mutation in the mesenchymal component was shown in 4 of 10 AF (40%), 2 of 4 AFD (50%), 2 of 6 AFO (33%), and 2 of 3 AFS (67%), whereas all 5 OD were wild type for BRAF p.V600E. Mutation in the epithelial component was only observed in one AF and one AFO. One AFS contained an area of benign AF, and the mesenchymal component of both (AFS and AF) contained BRAF p.V600E, supporting the concept of malignant progression from a benign AF precursor. KDR, TP53, KIT, and PIK3CA single-nucleotide polymorphisms are reported. In conclusion, AF, AFD, AFO, and AFS show BRAF p.V600E in their mesenchymal component, unlike OD, which are BRAF wild type, suggesting that at least a subset of AF, AFD, and AFO are molecularly distinct from OD, and may represent distinct entities and be neoplastic.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of 105 new cases of adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) from Brazil, Guatemala, Mexico, and South Africa. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical and radiographic data were collected from records of 5 oral pathology laboratories, and all cases were microscopically reviewed. RESULTS: This series of cases included 36 (34.2%) from South Africa; 33 (31.4%) from Brazil; 23 (21.9%) from Mexico; and 13 (12.3%) from Guatemala. Seventy-two patients (68.5%) were females and 33 patients (31.4%) were males, with an average age of 19.2 years. The tumors predominantly affected the anterior maxilla (48.5%), followed by the anterior mandible (29.5%); posterior mandible (15.2%); and posterior maxilla (6.6%). Sixty-three tumors (63.6%) were follicular, 34 (34.3%) were extrafollicular, and 2 (2%) were peripheral. In most cases, the tumors caused considerable cortical expansion (average size 3.4 cm). Microscopically, most cases showed rosette-like and duct-like structures. CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the largest case series of AOTs reported in the literature and the first multicenter study involving populations from Latin America and South Africa. In a fifth of the present cases, the posterior regions of the gnathic bones were affected and the tumors demonstrated larger sizes compared with cases occurring in other populations.

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