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World Neurosurg ; 139: 592-602, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376383


BACKGROUND: Idiopathic ventral spinal cord herniation (ISCH) is a rare disease; however, it is an important differential diagnosis. Its treatment presents some controversies. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report on a 55-year-old woman who had been presenting with relevant back pain and leg weakness for the past 3 years and urinary incontinence for the past 3 months. Clinical examination disclosed paresis on the right inferior limb and right foot, as well as a T6-level painful hypoesthesia. Magnetic resonance imaging disclosed a T4/T5 ISCH. The patient underwent surgical decompression. During the procedure, we opened the arachnoid and cut the dentate ligaments of the spine, which considerably improved the mobility and safety of the procedure. In the early follow-up, our patient presented a partial improvement regarding the paresis grades and hypoesthesia pain relief on the left side. A video showing the surgical procedure and case evolution is presented. We also assembled literature reviews to compare our case with others. ISCH is becoming a more recognized cause of progressive thoracic myelopathy. However, this condition is still frequently misdiagnosed. Magnetic resonance imaging is the key for diagnosis. The objective of surgical treatment is to prevent myelopathy progression. The technique presented in this report is an appropriate surgical option, once it is a safer way to identify and treat the defect. The neurologic condition usually improves greatly after surgical treatment, especially when the patient presents positive predictive factors. CONCLUSIONS: ISCH is being more recognized. The technique presented is an appropriate surgical option.

J Neurosurg ; 129(2): 508-514, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29099298


OBJECTIVE The authors report a novel surgical route from a superior anatomical aspect-the contralateral anterior interhemispheric-transcallosal-transrostral approach-to a lesion located in the subcallosal region. The neurosurgical approach to the subcallosal region is challenging due to its deep location and close relationship with important vascular structures. Anterior and inferior routes to the subcallosal region have been described but risk damaging the branches of the anterior cerebral artery. METHODS Three formalin-fixed and silicone-injected adult cadaveric heads were studied to demonstrate the relationships between the transventricular surgical approach and the subcallosal region. The surgical, clinical, and radiological history of a 39-year-old man with a subcallosal cavernous malformation was retrospectively used to document the neurological examination and radiographic parameters of such a case. RESULTS The contralateral anterior interhemispheric-transcallosal-transrostral approach provides access to the subcallosal area that also includes the inferior portion of the pericallosal cistern, lamina terminalis cistern, the paraterminal and paraolfactory gyri, and the anterior surface of the optic chiasm. The approach avoids the neurocritical perforating branches of the anterior communicating artery. CONCLUSIONS The contralateral anterior interhemispheric-transcallosal-transrostral approach may be an alternative route to subcallosal area lesions, with less risk to the branches of the anterior cerebral artery, particularly the anterior communicating artery perforators.

Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Córtex Pré-Frontal/cirurgia , Convulsões/cirurgia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 12(3): 289-297, 2016 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29506115


BACKGROUND: The anterior clinoid process (ACP) is surrounded by a complex anatomy; variations include pneumatization and the formation of bone bridges with the middle and posterior clinoid, which complicate surgery. The key to avoiding microsurgical complications is a perfect understanding of this anatomy. OBJECTIVE: To explore the anatomic variations of the ACP. METHODS: Between January 1, 2013, and September 6, 2014, 597 skull base computed tomography scans were performed to evaluate inner ear disease in patients with no history of paranasal sinus disease or endonasal surgery. The base width and length of the ACP, complete carotid-clinoid foramen and sella turcica bridge, and sphenoid sinus pneumatization volume were assessed. ACP pneumatization was assessed with the use of a novel classification system. RESULTS: The scans were derived from a population of 343 female patients (57.5%), with a mean age of 38.6 years (0.2-90 years). ACP base width and length were 7.7 ± 1.73 and 10.31 ± 2.1 mm, respectively. Anatomic variations were present in 38.7% of scans. ACP pneumatization was present in 25.5% of scans, and carotid-clinoid foramen and sella turcica bridge were present in 14.2% and 14.4% of scans, respectively. There was no pneumatization of the ACP in patients <10 years of age and no progression of the pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus in patients >10 years old. CONCLUSION: At least 1 variation in ACP anatomy was found in 38.7% of cases with this simple method. Thus, a preoperative computed tomography scan could improve surgical procedures that involve removal of the anterior clinoid process.