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1.
Am Heart J ; 249: 86-97, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We explored the effect of discontinuing versus continuing angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) on clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19 according to baseline disease severity. METHODS: We randomized 659 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 and classified them as having mild or moderate COVID-19 disease severity at hospital presentation using blood oxygen saturation and lung imaging. The primary outcome was the mean ratio of number of days alive and out of the hospital at 30 days according to disease severity. RESULTS: At presentation, 376 patients (57.1%) had mild and 283 (42.9%) had moderate COVID-19. In patients with mild disease, there was no significant difference in the number of days alive and out of the hospital between ACEI/ARB discontinuation (mean 23.5 [SD 6.3] days) and continuation (mean 23.8 [SD 6.5] days), with a mean ratio of 0.98 (95% CI 0.92-1.04). However, in patients with moderate disease, there were fewer days alive and out of the hospital with ACEI/ARB discontinuation (mean 19.6 [SD 9.5] days) than continuation (mean 21.6 [SD 7.6] days), with a mean ratio of 0.90 (95% CI 0.81-1.00; P-interaction = .01). The impact of discontinuing versus continuing ACEIs/ARBs on days alive and out of hospital through 30 days differed according to baseline COVID-19 disease severity. CONCLUSIONS: Unlike patients with mild disease, patients with moderate disease who continued ACEIs/ARBs had more days alive and out of hospital through 30 days than those who discontinued ACEIs/ARBs. This suggests that ACEIs/ARBs should be continued for patients with moderate COVID-19 disease severity. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04364893).


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hipertensão , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 5745, 2022 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35388029

RESUMO

Emotional distress is related to recurrence of syncope compromising patient's quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to determine if weekly sessions of psychotherapy reduce recurrence of events and improve QoL by SF-36 among patients with refractory vasovagal syncope. A randomised controlled pilot trial including 10 patients with recurrent vasovagal syncope and positive tilt table test was conducted. Known cardiac disease and ongoing psychotherapeutic interventions were the main exclusion criteria. All patients received standard of care treatment. Additionally, after randomisation, half of the patients underwent weekly sessions of psychotherapy for 12 months. Analysis of recurrence of events and QoL showed no significant change in the control group but, in the intervention group, there was a significant reduction in the rate of near-syncope episodes per month (5.7 ± 1.4 × 1.7 ± 1.0; P < 0.01), syncope in 1 year (4.6 ± 0.9 × 1.0 ± 0.7; P < 0.01) and a significant improvement in the overall assessment of QoL (44.1 ± 10.0 vs. 70.3 ± 10.3, P < 0.01). In conclusion, patients with refractory vasovagal syncope undergoing regular psychotherapeutic intervention had less recurrence of events and improved their quality of life in 1 year.Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04252729.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Síncope Vasovagal , Humanos , Psicoterapia , Recidiva , Síncope Vasovagal/terapia , Teste da Mesa Inclinada
5.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e931561, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are rare congenital malformations with different clinical presentations and pathophysiological mechanisms. These anomalies are frequently the cause of sudden death in young patients. Most CAAs are incidental findings owing to the lack of symptoms; however, they may be associated with acute coronary syndrome in rare cases. CASE REPORT We describe the case of a 47-year-old man who presented with a 1-day history of progressive typical chest pain and elevated troponin levels. The patient underwent a coronary angiography, which unveiled the anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery arising from the right coronary artery, with an interarterial course between the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery, without coronary artery disease. Coronary computed tomography angiography confirmed the CAA and its relationship with the symptoms. An uneventful coronary artery bypass graft was undertaken, and at the 1-year follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic, with a normal stress test. CONCLUSIONS This case depicts the presentation of atypical acute coronary syndrome in a young patient with a rare CAA. In such patients, coronary angiography and coronary computed tomography angiography are essential tools to confirm the diagnosis and to determine treatment. Although controversial, in young individuals presenting CAA with an interarterial course, such as the left main coronary artery arising from the right coronary artery, coronary artery bypass graft may be an important treatment option to avoid sudden death in the future.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Angiografia Coronária , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255662, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The performance of traditional scores is significantly limited to predict mortality in high-risk cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of STS, ESII and HiriSCORE models in predicting mortality in high-risk patients undergoing CABG. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis in the international prospective database of high-risk patients: HiriSCORE project. We evaluated 248 patients with STS or ESII (5-10%) undergoing CABG in 8 hospitals in Brazil and China. The main outcome was mortality, defined as all deaths occurred during the hospitalization in which the operation was performed, even after 30 days. Five variables were selected as predictors of mortality in this cohort of patients. The model's performance was evaluated through the calibration-in-the-large and the receiver operating curve (ROC) tests. RESULTS: The mean age was 69.90±9.45, with 52.02% being female, 25% of the patients were on New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV and 49.6% had Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) class 4 angina, and 85.5% had urgency or emergency status. The mortality observed in the sample was 13.31%. The HiriSCORE model showed better calibration (15.0%) compared to ESII (6.6%) and the STS model (2.0%). In the ROC curve, the HiriSCORE model showed better accuracy (ROC = 0.74) than the traditional models STS (ROC = 0.67) and ESII (ROC = 0.50). CONCLUSION: Traditional models were inadequate to predict mortality of high-risk patients undergoing CABG. However, the HiriSCORE model was simple and accurate to predict mortality in high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Modelos Estatísticos , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Brasil/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Lancet ; 397(10291): 2253-2263, 2021 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is associated with a prothrombotic state leading to adverse clinical outcomes. Whether therapeutic anticoagulation improves outcomes in patients hospitalised with COVID-19 is unknown. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of therapeutic versus prophylactic anticoagulation in this population. METHODS: We did a pragmatic, open-label (with blinded adjudication), multicentre, randomised, controlled trial, at 31 sites in Brazil. Patients (aged ≥18 years) hospitalised with COVID-19 and elevated D-dimer concentration, and who had COVID-19 symptoms for up to 14 days before randomisation, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either therapeutic or prophylactic anticoagulation. Therapeutic anticoagulation was in-hospital oral rivaroxaban (20 mg or 15 mg daily) for stable patients, or initial subcutaneous enoxaparin (1 mg/kg twice per day) or intravenous unfractionated heparin (to achieve a 0·3-0·7 IU/mL anti-Xa concentration) for clinically unstable patients, followed by rivaroxaban to day 30. Prophylactic anticoagulation was standard in-hospital enoxaparin or unfractionated heparin. The primary efficacy outcome was a hierarchical analysis of time to death, duration of hospitalisation, or duration of supplemental oxygen to day 30, analysed with the win ratio method (a ratio >1 reflects a better outcome in the therapeutic anticoagulation group) in the intention-to-treat population. The primary safety outcome was major or clinically relevant non-major bleeding through 30 days. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04394377) and is completed. FINDINGS: From June 24, 2020, to Feb 26, 2021, 3331 patients were screened and 615 were randomly allocated (311 [50%] to the therapeutic anticoagulation group and 304 [50%] to the prophylactic anticoagulation group). 576 (94%) were clinically stable and 39 (6%) clinically unstable. One patient, in the therapeutic group, was lost to follow-up because of withdrawal of consent and was not included in the primary analysis. The primary efficacy outcome was not different between patients assigned therapeutic or prophylactic anticoagulation, with 28 899 (34·8%) wins in the therapeutic group and 34 288 (41·3%) in the prophylactic group (win ratio 0·86 [95% CI 0·59-1·22], p=0·40). Consistent results were seen in clinically stable and clinically unstable patients. The primary safety outcome of major or clinically relevant non-major bleeding occurred in 26 (8%) patients assigned therapeutic anticoagulation and seven (2%) assigned prophylactic anticoagulation (relative risk 3·64 [95% CI 1·61-8·27], p=0·0010). Allergic reaction to the study medication occurred in two (1%) patients in the therapeutic anticoagulation group and three (1%) in the prophylactic anticoagulation group. INTERPRETATION: In patients hospitalised with COVID-19 and elevated D-dimer concentration, in-hospital therapeutic anticoagulation with rivaroxaban or enoxaparin followed by rivaroxaban to day 30 did not improve clinical outcomes and increased bleeding compared with prophylactic anticoagulation. Therefore, use of therapeutic-dose rivaroxaban, and other direct oral anticoagulants, should be avoided in these patients in the absence of an evidence-based indication for oral anticoagulation. FUNDING: Coalition COVID-19 Brazil, Bayer SA.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Enoxaparina/uso terapêutico , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8979, 2021 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903717

RESUMO

The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol affected traditional cardiac surgery processes and COVID-19 is expected to accelerate its scalability. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of an ERAS-based protocol on the length of hospital stay after cardiac surgery. From January 2019 to June 2020, 664 patients underwent consecutive cardiac surgery at a Latin American center. Here, 46 patients were prepared for a rapid recovery through a multidisciplinary institutional protocol based on the ERAS concept, the "TotalCor protocol". After the propensity score matching, 46 patients from the entire population were adjusted for 12 variables. Patients operated on the TotalCor protocol had reduced intensive care unit time (P < 0.025), postoperative stay (P ≤ 0.001) and length of hospital stay (P ≤ 0.001). In addition, there were no significant differences in the occurrence of complications and death between the two groups. Of the 10-central metrics of TotalCor protocol, 6 had > 70% adherences. In conclusion, the TotalCor protocol was safe and effective for a 3-day discharge after cardiac surgery. Postoperative atrial fibrillation and renal failure were predictors of postoperative stay > 5 days.


Assuntos
Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Tempo de Internação , Alta do Paciente , Segurança do Paciente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Pontuação de Propensão
9.
Am Heart J ; 238: 1-11, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Observational studies have suggested a higher risk of thrombotic events in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Moreover, elevated D-dimer levels have been identified as an important prognostic marker in COVID-19 directly associated with disease severity and progression. Prophylactic anticoagulation for hospitalized COVID-19 patients might not be enough to prevent thrombotic events; therefore, therapeutic anticoagulation regimens deserve clinical investigation. DESIGN: ACTION is an academic-led, pragmatic, multicenter, open-label, randomized, phase IV clinical trial that aims to enroll around 600 patients at 40 sites participating in the Coalition COVID-19 Brazil initiative. Eligible patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 with symptoms up to 14 days and elevated D-dimer levels will be randomized to a strategy of full-dose anticoagulation for 30 days with rivaroxaban 20 mg once daily (or full-dose heparin if oral administration is not feasible) vs standard of care with any approved venous thromboembolism prophylaxis regimen during hospitalization. A confirmation of COVID-19 was mandatory for study entry, based on specific tests used in clinical practice (RT-PCR, antigen test, IgM test) collected before randomization, regardless of in the outpatient setting or not. Randomization will be stratified by clinical stability at presentation. The primary outcome is a hierarchical analysis of mortality, length of hospital stay, or duration of oxygen therapy at the end of 30 days. Secondary outcomes include the World Health Organization's 8-point ordinal scale at 30 days and the following efficacy outcomes: incidence of venous thromboembolism , acute myocardial infarction, stroke, systemic embolism, major adverse limb events, duration of oxygen therapy, disease progression, and biomarkers. The primary safety outcomes are major or clinically relevant non-major bleeding according to the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis criteria. SUMMARY: The ACTION trial will evaluate whether in-hospital therapeutic anticoagulation with rivaroxaban for stable patients, or enoxaparin for unstable patients, followed by rivaroxaban through 30 days compared with standard prophylactic anticoagulation improves clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and elevated D-dimer levels.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/complicações , Enoxaparina/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Brasil , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/mortalidade , Esquema de Medicação , Enoxaparina/administração & dosagem , Enoxaparina/efeitos adversos , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hospitalização , Humanos , Oxigenoterapia , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Trombose/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging ; 3(1): e200469, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33778657

RESUMO

Concomitant acute myocarditis and acute coronary thrombosis is a rare presentation of acute chest pain in the emergency department, although the association between acute infections with a variety of pathogens and an increased risk of myocardial infarction has been reported. A case of acute myocardial infarction associated with acute myocarditis caused by coronavirus 229E in a middle-aged man without risk factors for coronary artery disease is described here. Coronary CT angiography with late enhancement protocol revealed areas of myocarditis and infarction, and cardiac MRI and coronary angiography were then performed. © RSNA, 2021.

11.
J Cardiol Cases ; 23(1): 16-19, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33437334

RESUMO

Coronary artery fistulas, although rare, should be included in the differential diagnosis of atypical chest pain, generally unveiled by cardiac catheterization or multidetector computed tomography. Such anatomical findings in conjunction with detectable ischemia and severe symptoms should prompt their closure. Transcatheter closure of fistulas is an attractive alternative to surgery, especially with the novel devices such as the interlock fibered detachable coils, which can be safely and effectively performed in a variety of circumstances, including the coronary arteries with tortuous anatomies. We present a case of atypical chest pain and large burden of ischemia in the stress scintigraphy, due to multiple coronary fistulas to the bronchial arteries successfully occluded with percutaneous interlock coils. .

12.
Telemed Rep ; 2(1): 284-292, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35720760

RESUMO

Background: Different approaches of evaluation by cardiologists using telemedicine have the potential of improving care of patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Objective: To compare the use of pharmacoinvasive strategy and associated clinical outcomes (heart failure [HF] and mortality) among patients with STEMI before and after a program of telemedicine and also according to the level of support by telemedicine. Methods: A chest pain network with the support of a cardiologist through telemedicine was implemented in 2012 in 22 emergency departments without a local cardiac catheterization laboratory. Initially (phase 1 of telemedicine), the decision to discuss the case with the cardiologist was based on the judgment of the emergency physician. At the end of 2018, the use of telemedicine was modified and a dedicated cardiologist was available continuously to discuss systematically all suspected cases (phase 2 of telemedicine). The use of fibrinolytics and the rates of HF and in-hospital mortality were compared among three different periods: pretelemedicine (2011), and phase 1 and phase 2 of the telemedicine program. Results: We evaluated 1034 STEMI patients and after comparing the three phases, we did not find significant differences regarding age, gender, and comorbidities. The use of fibrinolytics before transferring STEMI patients to a percutaneous coronary intervention center (pharmacoinvasive strategy) increased after telemedicine implementation (38% vs. 65.2%; p < 0.01), which was associated with a lower rate of HF (23.9% vs. 14.4%; p = 0.01) and death (7.9% vs. 4.0%; p = 0.05). The in-hospital mortality was lower in phase 2 with systematic evaluation by telemedicine compared with pretelemedicine (7.9% vs. 3.3%; p = 0.04). Conclusion: The implementation of a systematic and organized chest pain protocol, including telemedicine support, was associated with a significant increase in the use of pharmacoinvasive strategy and better clinical patient outcomes in patients with STEMI. Our findings provide important insights on how to improve the management of this high-risk population, reducing the gap between evidence and clinical practice.

13.
Am Heart J ; 226: 49-59, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502882

RESUMO

Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) expression may increase due to upregulation in patients using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Because renin-angiotensin system blockers increase levels of ACE2, a protein that facilitates coronavirus entry into cells, there is concern that these drugs could increase the risk of developing a severe and fatal form of COVID-19. The impact of discontinuing ACEI and ARBs in patients with COVID-19 remains uncertain. DESIGN: BRACE CORONA is a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized, phase IV, clinical trial that aims to enroll around 500 participants at 34 sites in Brazil. Participants will be identified from an ongoing national registry of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19. Eligible patients using renin-angiotensin system blockers (ACEI/ARBs) with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 will be randomized to a strategy of continued ACEI/ARB treatment versus temporary discontinuation for 30 days. The primary outcome is the median days alive and out of the hospital at 30 days. Secondary outcomes include progression of COVID-19 disease, all-cause mortality, death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack, new or worsening heart failure, myocarditis, pericarditis, arrhythmias, thromboembolic events, hypertensive crisis, respiratory failure, hemodynamic decompensation, sepsis, renal failure, and troponin, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal-proBNP, and D-dimer levels. SUMMARY: BRACE CORONA will evaluate whether the strategy of continued ACEI/ARB therapy compared with temporary discontinuation of these drugs impacts clinical outcomes among patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Pragmáticos como Assunto , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Brasil , COVID-19 , Ensaios Clínicos Fase IV como Assunto , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/fisiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Integração Viral , Suspensão de Tratamento
14.
JACC Case Rep ; 2(1): 6-8, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34316955

RESUMO

We report on a pregnant woman with acute coronary syndrome probably caused by an allergic reaction to ondansetron. It also discusses the pathophysiology, main allergic triggers, clinical presentation, and management of Kounis syndrome. (Level of Difficulty: Beginner.).

15.
Int J Cardiol ; 267: 13-15, 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29861104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR®) Database is commonly used for quality-improvement initiatives in North America, but little is known about the application of this tool in other regions of the world. METHODS: All consecutive patients admitted due to myocardial infarction (MI) and/or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January 2012 until December 2015 in a Brazilian private cardiovascular hospital were included respectively in ACTION REGISTRY®-GWTG™ and CathPCI Registry®. Meetings including all hospital staff were performed quarterly to discuss every NCDR® report. Quality improvement initiatives were developed based on the reports which were also used for evaluation of changes after the interventions. The following indicators were considered a priority 1) Door-to-ECG and door-to-balloon (D2B) times; 2) PCI appropriateness; 3) length of stay; 4) delivery of guideline-based medication. Changes in the quality of care with respect to the over time were assessed using linear and logistic regression for continuous and binary outcomes, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 1.382 patients were included in the ACTION REGISTRY®-GWTG™ and 3.179 patients in the CathPCI Registry®. In the ACTION registry, the overall AMI performance composite of quality indicators improved along the 4 years from 95.0% to 99.6% (p for trend <0.001). The percentage of appropriate/uncertain PCI in acute and elective scenario increased along the years from 91.1% and 70.9% to 96.6% and 84.7%, respectively (p for trend <0.001). CONCLUSION: The present novel experience using the NCDR® registries as benchmarks to guide quality-improvement programs in an international site was associated with improvement in quality indicators.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Tempo para o Tratamento/normas , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
JAMA ; 319(13): 1331-1340, 2018 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29525821

RESUMO

Importance: The effects of loading doses of statins on clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management remain uncertain. Objective: To determine if periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin decrease 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with ACS and planned invasive management. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial conducted at 53 sites in Brazil among 4191 patients with ACS evaluated with coronary angiography to proceed with a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) if anatomically feasible. Enrollment occurred between April 18, 2012, and October 6, 2017. Final follow-up for 30-day outcomes was on November 6, 2017. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive 2 loading doses of 80 mg of atorvastatin (n = 2087) or matching placebo (n = 2104) before and 24 hours after a planned PCI. All patients received 40 mg of atorvastatin for 30 days starting 24 hours after the second dose of study medication. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was MACE, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and unplanned coronary revascularization through 30 days. Results: Among the 4191 patients (mean age, 61.8 [SD, 11.5] years; 1085 women [25.9%]) enrolled, 4163 (99.3%) completed 30-day follow-up. A total of 2710 (64.7%) underwent PCI, 333 (8%) underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 1144 (27.3%) had exclusively medical management. At 30 days, 130 patients in the atorvastatin group (6.2%) and 149 in the placebo group (7.1%) had a MACE (absolute difference, 0.85% [95% CI, -0.70% to 2.41%]; hazard ratio, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.69-1.11; P = .27). No cases of hepatic failure were reported; 3 cases of rhabdomyolysis were reported in the placebo group (0.1%) and 0 in the atorvastatin group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with ACS and planned invasive management with PCI, periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin did not reduce the rate of MACE at 30 days. These findings do not support the routine use of loading doses of atorvastatin among unselected patients with ACS and intended invasive management. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01448642.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Atorvastatina/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia
17.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(1): 60-64, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-838819

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND -In recent decades, the high prevalence of obesity in the general population has brought serious concerns in terms of public health. Contrarily to conventional treatment involving dieting and physical exercising, often ineffective in generating long term results, bariatric opera­tions have been an effective method for sustained weight loss in morbidly obese individuals. The Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) is an objective and recognized system in the overall evaluation of results after bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE To investigate results concerning a casuistic of morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery over a 2-year follow-up in terms of weight loss, related medical conditions, safety and changes in quality of life. METHODS A total of 120 obese (17 male and 103 female) patients, who underwent bariatric surgery, were assessed and investigated using the BAROS system after a 2- year follow-up. RESULTS Patients obtained a mean excess weight loss of 74.6 (±15.9) % and mean body mass index reduction of 15.6 (±4.4) Kg/m2. Pre-surgical comorbidities were present in 71 (59%) subjects and they were totally (86%) or partially (14%) resolved. Complications resulting specifically from the surgical procedure were observed in 4.2% of cases (two bowel obstructions requiring re-operation, and three stomal stenosis treated with endoscopic dilation). Sixteen subjects (13% of total number of patients) presented minor clinical complications managed through outpatient care. The final scores for the BAROS questionnaire showcased excellent to good results in 99% of cases (excellent 44%, very good 38%, good 23%, acceptable 1%). CONCLUSION According to the BAROS questionnaire, bariatric surgery is a safe and effective method for managing obesity and associated clinical comorbidities, allowing for satisfactory results after a 2-year follow-up. Future studies should address other clinical and psychosocial variables that impact outcome as well as allow for longer follow-ups.


RESUMO CONTEXTO Nas últimas décadas, a alta prevalência de obesidade na população geral trouxe grandes preocupações para a saúde pública. Contrariamente ao tratamento convencional envolvendo dieta e atividade física, quase sempre inefetivo em gerar resultados a longo prazo, a cirurgia bariátrica vem se mostrando um método efetivo de perda de peso mantida em indivíduos com obesidade mórbida. O Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) é um sistema reconhecido e objetivo para a avaliação global de resultados depois de cirurgia bariátrica. OBJETIVO Investigar os resultados referentes à casuística de pacientes obesos mórbidos submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica em um período de 2 anos em termos de perda de peso, condições clínicas relacionadas, segurança e qualidade de vida. MÉTODOS Um total de 120 pacientes obesos (17 masculinos e 103 femininos) admitidos consecutivamente durante período de 4 meses para cirurgia bariátrica foram avaliados e investigados usando o sistema BAROS após 2 anos de evolução. RESULTADOS Os pacientes apresentaram redução média percentual de excesso de peso de 74,6 (±15,9) % e redução média de índice de massa corporal de 15,6 (±4,4) Kg/m2. Comorbidades pré-cirúrgicas estavam presentes em 71 (59%) pacientes e em todos eles foram total (86%) ou parcialmente (14%) resolvidas. Complicações resultantes especificamente do procedimento cirúrgico foram observadas em 4,2% dos casos (duas obstruções intestinais exigindo reoperação e três estenoses anastomóticas resolvidas com dilatação endoscópica). Dezesseis (13%) pacientes apresentaram complicações clínicas menores resolvidas com manejo clínico ambulatorial. Os escores totais do BAROS classificaram os resultados como excelente até bom em 99% dos casos (44% excelente, 38% muito bom e 23% bom) e aceitável em 1% dos casos. CONCLUSÃO De acordo com o questionário BAROS, a cirurgia bariátrica se mostrou segura e efetiva no controle da obesidade e de comorbidades clínicas associadas, permitindo satisfação geral dos pacientes após 2 anos de seguimento. Estudos futuros deverão também investigar outras variáveis clínicas e psicossociais de possível impacto na evolução e por períodos de seguimento mais longos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Qualidade de Vida , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo , Perda de Peso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos
18.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 54(1): 60-64, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28079242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:: -In recent decades, the high prevalence of obesity in the general population has brought serious concerns in terms of public health. Contrarily to conventional treatment involving dieting and physical exercising, often ineffective in generating long term results, bariatric opera-tions have been an effective method for sustained weight loss in morbidly obese individuals. The Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) is an objective and recognized system in the overall evaluation of results after bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: - To investigate results concerning a casuistic of morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery over a 2-year follow-up in terms of weight loss, related medical conditions, safety and changes in quality of life. METHODS: - A total of 120 obese (17 male and 103 female) patients, who underwent bariatric surgery, were assessed and investigated using the BAROS system after a 2- year follow-up. RESULTS: - Patients obtained a mean excess weight loss of 74.6 (±15.9) % and mean body mass index reduction of 15.6 (±4.4) Kg/m2. Pre-surgical comorbidities were present in 71 (59%) subjects and they were totally (86%) or partially (14%) resolved. Complications resulting specifically from the surgical procedure were observed in 4.2% of cases (two bowel obstructions requiring re-operation, and three stomal stenosis treated with endoscopic dilation). Sixteen subjects (13% of total number of patients) presented minor clinical complications managed through outpatient care. The final scores for the BAROS questionnaire showcased excellent to good results in 99% of cases (excellent 44%, very good 38%, good 23%, acceptable 1%). CONCLUSION: - According to the BAROS questionnaire, bariatric surgery is a safe and effective method for managing obesity and associated clinical comorbidities, allowing for satisfactory results after a 2-year follow-up. Future studies should address other clinical and psychosocial variables that impact outcome as well as allow for longer follow-ups.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/psicologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Perda de Peso
19.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 71(11): 635-638, 2016 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27982163

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES:: Recent studies have revealed a relationship between beta-blocker use and worse prognosis in acute coronary syndrome, mainly due to a higher incidence of cardiogenic shock. However, the relevance of this relationship in the reperfusion era is unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome that started oral beta-blockers within the first 24 hours of hospital admission (group I) compared to patients who did not use oral beta-blockers in this timeframe (group II). METHODS:: This was an observational, retrospective and multicentric study with 2,553 patients (2,212 in group I and 341 in group II). Data regarding demographic characteristics, coronary treatment and medication use in the hospital were obtained. The primary endpoint was in-hospital all-cause mortality. The groups were compared by ANOVA and the chi-square test. Multivariate analysis was conducted by logistic regression and results were considered significant when p<0.05. RESULTS:: Significant differences were observed between the groups in the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, enoxaparin, and statins; creatinine levels; ejection fraction; tabagism; age; and previous coronary artery bypass graft. Significant differences were also observed between the groups in mortality (2.67% vs 9.09%, OR=0.35, p=0.02) and major adverse cardiovascular events (11% vs 29.5%, OR=4.55, p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS:: Patients with acute coronary syndrome who underwent early intervention with oral beta-blockers during the first 24 hours of hospital admission had a lower in-hospital death rate and experienced fewer major adverse cardiovascular events with no increase in cardiogenic shock or sustained ventricular arrhythmias compared to patients who did not receive oral beta-blockers within this timeframe.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Clinics ; 71(11): 635-638, Nov. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-828550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have revealed a relationship between beta-blocker use and worse prognosis in acute coronary syndrome, mainly due to a higher incidence of cardiogenic shock. However, the relevance of this relationship in the reperfusion era is unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome that started oral beta-blockers within the first 24 hours of hospital admission (group I) compared to patients who did not use oral beta-blockers in this timeframe (group II). METHODS: This was an observational, retrospective and multicentric study with 2,553 patients (2,212 in group I and 341 in group II). Data regarding demographic characteristics, coronary treatment and medication use in the hospital were obtained. The primary endpoint was in-hospital all-cause mortality. The groups were compared by ANOVA and the chi-square test. Multivariate analysis was conducted by logistic regression and results were considered significant when p<0.05. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed between the groups in the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, enoxaparin, and statins; creatinine levels; ejection fraction; tabagism; age; and previous coronary artery bypass graft. Significant differences were also observed between the groups in mortality (2.67% vs 9.09%, OR=0.35, p=0.02) and major adverse cardiovascular events (11% vs 29.5%, OR=4.55, p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with acute coronary syndrome who underwent early intervention with oral beta-blockers during the first 24 hours of hospital admission had a lower in-hospital death rate and experienced fewer major adverse cardiovascular events with no increase in cardiogenic shock or sustained ventricular arrhythmias compared to patients who did not receive oral beta-blockers within this timeframe.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Brasil/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
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