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1.
J Relig Health ; 59(1): 365-380, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054062

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to assess the effect of intercessory prayer in the psychological, spiritual and biological scores of breast cancer patients who are undergoing radiotherapy. Double-blind RCT comprising a sample of 31 participants (15 in the Control Group and 16 in the Intervention Group). Data collection was performed in three time points (T0, T1 and T2). Significant changes have been identified in the intra-group analysis, concerning the decrease in spiritual distress score; negative religious/spiritual coping prevailed, while the total religious/spiritual coping increased between the posttest T2 to T0. Intercessory prayer was effective in religious and spiritual scores.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Amilases/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Depressão/psicologia , Cura pela Fé/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Adulto , Ansiedade , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Método Duplo-Cego , Cura pela Fé/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Religião e Medicina , Terapias Espirituais/métodos , Terapias Espirituais/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Relig Health ; 58(6): 2219-2240, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446605

RESUMO

Spiritual well-being is a major issue in health care, but instruments for measuring this construct in adolescents are lacking. This study adapted the 12-item Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being Scale (FACIT-Sp-12) for use with Brazilian adolescents with chronic diseases and developed a parental observer-rated version, using an expert panel, back-translation, and cognitive interviews with 72 participants. The psychometric properties of both versions were verified with two- and three-factor models by testing with 212 participants. The self- and parental-reported versions showed face validity, content validity, and acceptable levels of internal consistency for the overall scale and the two-factor model. The convergent validity was satisfactory for most items in both two- and three-factor models, but there was a lack of discrimination in the three-factor model using multitrait-multimethod analysis. This study presents the first instrument to assess the spiritual well-being of adolescents from their point of view and to allow their parents to serve as evaluators. However, we recommend further psychometric testing of the self- and parental-report scales to assess spiritual well-being in adolescents with chronic diseases in Brazil.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Religião e Medicina , Espiritualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Doença Crônica/etnologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Procurador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autorrelato , Tradução
3.
Int J Nurs Knowl ; 30(4): 197-202, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30362267

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To apply the Rasch model to test the psychometric assessment of the nursing outcome Swallowing status among poststroke patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study was conducted with 227 poststroke patients, which were evaluated by a nurse. The Rasch model was used to examine psychometric properties. FINDINGS: Indicators fit the Rasch model and presented good reliability and good ability for separation index. The 5-point Likert scale did not present adequate discrimination and classification levels were compiled into three. CONCLUSIONS: Data evidenced the use of a robust method to perform a clinical validity of the Swallowing status, complementing previous validation studies. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Using Rasch analysis serve as reference points to assess Swallowing status on a single scale. OBJETIVO: Aplicar o modelo Rasch para testar as medidas psicométricas do resultado de enfermagem Estado da deglutição em pacientes acometidos por acidente vascular cerebral. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, realizado com 227 pacientes após AVC avaliados por um único enfermeiro. O modelo Rasch foi usado para examinar propriedades psicométricas. RESULTADOS: Os indicadores se ajustaram ao modelo Rasch e apresentam boa confiabilidade e boa capacidade de separação. A escala Likert de 5 pontos não apresentou discriminação adequada e os níveis de classificação foram compilados em três pontos. CONCLUSÃO: Os dados evidenciaram o uso de um método robusto para a validade clínica do Estado da deglutição, complementando os estudos de validação anteriores. RELEVÂNCIA PARA A PRÁTICA CLÍNICA: O uso do modelo Rasch serve como ponto de referência para avaliar o Estado da deglutição em uma única escala.


Assuntos
Deglutição , Modelos de Enfermagem , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Psicometria , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/enfermagem
4.
Cancer Nurs ; 41(4): E55-E61, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29049039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are controversies regarding the best way to collect blood samples for cyclosporine A (CsA) serum levels when this immunosuppressant is administered continuously through a silicone central venous catheter (CVC) to hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the time elapsed between the interruption of a continuous intravenous CsA infusion and the collection of blood samples on CsA serum levels. METHODS: This randomized 2-group clinical trial involved 32 adults. In group A, blood samples were collected immediately after interrupting the medication from peripheral vein and CVC lines. In group B, the same procedures were performed 5 minutes after interrupting the infusion. RESULTS: We did not observe influence of the time elapsed between interruption of the infusion and collection of the samples, independent of the collection mode and the volume discarded (P > .05). The line used for the infusion maintained a constant high level when compared with different moments of collection (P > .05), whereas in the other lines, there was a significant increase when compared with the levels obtained at 24 hours and 7 days after CsA start (P = .00). CONCLUSION: The CVC line free from cyclosporine can safely be used to collect blood. The procedure can be performed immediately after interrupting the infusion, and discarding 5 mL is sufficient to obtain accurate levels. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The results can help nurses choose how to collect blood samples through the CVC, thus preventing patients from having a painful and stressful procedure such as peripheral venipuncture.


Assuntos
Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/métodos , Ciclosporina/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/enfermagem , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int J Nurs Knowl ; 29(1): 66-78, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27059109

RESUMO

The accurate identification of the nursing diagnoses and the corresponding measurement of their indicators will depend on the elements in the standardized language systems. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correspondence between elements of four NANDA-I nursing diagnoses and outcomes suggested by the nursing outcomes classification (NOC) for the resolution of these diagnoses. METHOD: A methodological study consisting of cross-mapping was performed in the first stage between definitions, defining characteristics (DCs), and related factors (RFs) of impaired oral mucous membrane, impaired tissue integrity, spiritual distress, and delayed surgical recovery and outcome definitions and indicators to measure results of diagnoses resolution and an analysis of its relevance by experts in the second stage. RESULTS: It found partial correspondence between outcome indicators, DCs, RFs, and definitions. CONCLUSION: The data evidence the relevance of this review for a reliable application of these taxonomies and demonstrated partial correspondence between concepts analyzed. A identificação precisa dos diagnósticos de enfermagem e a medida correspondente dos seus indicadores dependerá dos elementos nos sistemas de linguagem padronizados.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico de Enfermagem/classificação , Terminologia Padronizada em Enfermagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Convalescença , Humanos , Mucosa Bucal/fisiopatologia , Alta do Paciente , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/enfermagem
6.
J Child Health Care ; 21(4): 435-445, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29110531

RESUMO

The purpose of this article was to present discussions on how pediatric nurses can perform spiritual care to children and adolescents and discuss the challenges of integrating such care in health-care settings. Based on the literature, the article presents an overview of spiritual care in pediatric settings highlighting the assessment of spirituality, expected outcomes, and the corresponding nursing interventions. Spiritual care provided to children and adolescents should take into account all aspects of the developmental stage, life experiences, and familiar and sociocultural contexts. Different approaches can be used to perform spiritual care. However, lack of knowledge and time are highlighted as the main challenges in integrating spiritual care into the clinical practice. Spiritual care is crucial to the well-being of children and adolescents in times of illness and hospitalization when the goal is to provide holistic care.


Assuntos
Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Avaliação em Enfermagem/métodos , Enfermagem Pediátrica/organização & administração , Espiritualidade , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
J Relig Health ; 56(4): 1489-1502, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28409419

RESUMO

Holistic nursing care requires attention to the spiritual dimension. This is particularly important when caring for patients with cancer. This research presents the results of the assessment of spiritual well-being using the Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ) to validate the nursing diagnosis of spiritual distress. Structured interviews were conducted with 169 patients in one hospital in Portugal. We concluded that the SWBQ is a useful and reliable instrument to assess spiritual distress, which highlights the importance of listening to patients and questioning them about spiritual needs as well as the importance of differential diagnosis aimed at effective interventions.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Holística/métodos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/psicologia , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem/métodos , Espiritualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Int J Nurs Knowl ; 28(1): 44-52, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26095541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Validate the nursing diagnosis spiritual distress in cancer patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional approach using Richard Fehring's Clinical Diagnostic Validity Model. FINDINGS: The prevalence of diagnosis was 40.8% in a sample of 170 patients. A total of 16 defining characteristics were validated. Expresses suffering had the highest sensitivity value and lack of meaning in life had the highest specificity value. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis was validated. Cancer patients in spiritual distress are in a state of suffering related to lack of meaning in life. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Sensitive diagnosis tools and language are required for nurses to make accurate judgments in situations of spiritual distress. Validation in different contexts would increase the clinical evidence of this diagnosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/psicologia , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem , Espiritualidade , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
9.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 68(6): 1086-92, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26676431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: compare divergences and convergences between the nursing diagnoses established for a case study, in the light of two nursing terminologies. METHOD: a descriptive research was undertaken. The participants were 24 nurses from public teaching hospitals (N=12) and hospital care institutions (N=12) in the Northeast of Brazil. RESULTS: in group A (6 faculty members and 6 clinical professionals), 51 diagnoses were established according to NANDA-I: 54.9% of high accuracy, 23.5% zero, 15.7% low and 5.9% moderate accuracy. In group B (6 faculty members and 6 clinical professionals), 43 declarations were established using the ICNP®: 44.2% of zero accuracy, 39.5% high, 16.3% low. Four out of fi ve diagnostic titles of high accuracy in group A and the seven titles in group B converged; divergences were attributed to the number of combinations among the focus, judgment and location axes of the ICNP®. CONCLUSION: a range of titles was observed with different diagnostic inferences and low diagnostic accuracy in both groups.


Assuntos
Terminologia Padronizada em Enfermagem , Brasil , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem
10.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 23(4): 603-10, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26444161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effect of foot reflexology on feet impairment of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHOD: this is a randomized, controlled and blind clinical trial. The sample was comprised by people with type 2 diabetes mellitus who, after being randomized into Treated group (n = 21) and Control group (n = 24), received guidelines on foot self-care. To the Treated Group it was also provided 12 sessions of foot reflexology. The scores of impairment indicators related to skin and hair, blood circulation, tissue sensitivity and temperature were measured by means of the instrument for assessing tissue integrity of the feet of people with diabetes mellitus. Chi-square test, Fisher exact test, Mann-Whitney test and regression analyzes were applied to the data, considering a significance level of 5% (P value <0.05). RESULTS: participants who received the therapy showed better scores in some impairment indicators related to skin and hair (hair growth, elasticity/turgor, hydration, perspiration, texture and integrity of the skin/ skin peeling). CONCLUSION: the foot reflexology had a beneficial effect on feet impairment of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, which makes it a viable therapy, deserving investment. This study was registered in the Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials - RBR-8zk8sz.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Doenças do Pé/etiologia , Doenças do Pé/terapia , Massagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26495012

RESUMO

Introduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of auriculotherapy with mustard seeds in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), anxiety, and electromyographic (EMG) activity in university students. Methodology. The State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) for TMDs (RDC/TMDs), and electromyography were used in this study of 44 college students with high levels of anxiety and TMDs. The subjects were divided into two groups: an auriculotherapy (AA) group (n = 31) and an AA sham group (n = 13). The mustard seeds were applied to the shenmen, rim, sympathetic, brain stem, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) points in the AA group and to sham points in the external ear and wrist in the AA sham group. The treatment protocol was 10 sessions (two treatments per week). Results. Anxiety (p < 0.01) was significantly reduced in the AA group. This group also showed a decrease in tender points in the mandibular posterior region (p = 0.04) and in the right side of the submandibular region (p = 0.02). Complaints of bilateral pain were reduced in the temporal tendon (p ≤ 0.01) and in the left side of the ATM (p < 0.01). In addition, electromyographic (EMG) activity was reduced during temporal muscle contraction (p = 0.03). Conclusion. Auriculotherapy was effective in the treatment of students with anxiety and TMDs.

12.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 23(5): 806-13, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26487129

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: evaluate the general and perceived self-efficacy, psychological morbidity, and knowledge about postoperative care of patients submitted to radical prostatectomy. Identify the relationships between the variables and know the predictors of self-efficacy. METHOD: descriptive, cross-sectional study, conducted with 76 hospitalized men. The scales used were the General and Perceived Self-efficacy Scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, in addition to sociodemographic, clinical and knowledge questionnaires. RESULTS: a negative relationship was found for self-efficacy in relation to anxiety and depression. Psychological morbidity was a significant predictor variable for self-efficacy. An active professional situation and the waiting time for surgery also proved to be relevant variables for anxiety and knowledge, respectively. CONCLUSION: participants had a good level of general and perceived self-efficacy and small percentage of depression. With these findings, it is possible to produce the profile of patients about their psychological needs after radical prostatectomy and, thus, allow the nursing professionals to act holistically, considering not only the need for care of physical nature, but also of psychosocial nature.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Prostatectomia/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Prostatectomia/métodos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
13.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 68(3): 444-9, 504-9, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26312523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to study anxiety and spirituality and the relationship between them in university students. METHOD: the State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Pinto and Pais-Ribeiro Spirituality Scales were used for data collection. RESULTS: six hundred and sixty-nine students participated in the study, of whom 91.5% had moderate and high levels of trait anxiety and 92.9% of state anxiety; 93.8% had high spirituality scores. The multiple linear regression test showed a significant relationship between anxiety and the presence of physical discomfort, unusual body movements, and the need for treatment. Furthermore, higher levels of anxiety were associated with the female gender, the lack of leisure activities, and low levels of optimism in the spirituality scale. CONCLUSION: it is important to develop strategies for coping with anxiety, which in turn can be oriented toward protective factors such as spirituality.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Espiritualidade , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
14.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 68(2): 284-91, 311-9, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26222176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to describe the contributions of clinical simulation for learning cognitive and procedural attributes through debriefing, from the perspective of nursing students. METHOD: descriptive exploratory study. Twenty nursing undergraduate students from a university in the interior of the state of São Paulo participated in this study. Data collection was performed at the debriefing stage. Student's perceptions about the simulation, positive aspects and what they could have done differently were registered. The students' statements were grouped according to the central themes and the framework of Bardin's content analysis (2011) and were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: enhancement of active, critical and reflective learning (47.5%) was identified due to the closeness to reality in nursing care (20.3%), manifestation of feelings experienced during the simulation (15.3%) and composition of the scenario (15.3%). CONCLUSION: the clinical simulation followed by debriefing promotes the understanding of the link between action and achievements in learning.


Assuntos
Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Treinamento por Simulação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 23(3): 450-7, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26155008

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to develop indicators for the nursing outcome Swallowing Status and the respective conceptual and operational definitions validated by experts and in a clinical setting among patients after having experienced a stroke. METHOD: methodological study with concept analysis and content and clinical validations. The Content Validation Index was verified for the scores assigned by 11 experts to indicators. Two pairs of nurses assessed 81 patients during the clinical validation: one pair used an instrument with definitions and the other used an instrument without definitions. The resulting assessments were compared using Intraclass Correlation Coefficient, Friedman's test, and Minimal Important Difference calculation. RESULTS: All the indicators, with the exception of the indicator Ability to bring food to mouth, presented Content Validation Index above 0.80. The pair using the instrument with definitions presented an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient above 0.80 for all the indicators and similarity was found in all the assessments, according to the Minimal Important Difference calculation. The pair using the instrument without definitions presented a low coefficient (ρ<0.75) for all the indicators. CONCLUSION: the results showed that greater uniformity and accuracy was achieved by the pair of nurses using the conceptual and operational definitions for the indicators of the nursing outcome Swallowing Status.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição/enfermagem , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 36(4): 104-11, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26735766

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the knowledge produced from the outcomes of the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC). METHOD: A literature review using the integrative databases: Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), US National Library of Medicine (PubMed), Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Scopus Info Site (SCOPUS), during the months of August and September 2014. RESULTS: The review consisted of 21 articles that addressed different issues: Translation and Cultural adaptation (4.77%); Applicability in clinical practice (33.33%); and, Validation (63.90%). Analysis of these articles showed that the knowledge produced from the Nursing Outcomes Classification includes translation and cultural adaptation, evaluation of applicability and validation of its items. CONCLUSION: Considering the continuous evolution of this classification, periodic reviews should be carried out to identify the knowledge, use and effects of the NOC.


Assuntos
Enfermagem , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/classificação
17.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 22(2): 337-45, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26107844

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to assess and summarize the best scientific evidence from randomized controlled clinical trials about telephone follow-up of patients after radical prostatectomy, based on information about how the phone calls are made and the clinical and psychological effects for the individuals who received this intervention. METHOD: the search was undertaken in the electronic databases Medline, Web of Science, Embase, Cinahl, Lilacs and Cochrane. Among the 368 references found, five were selected. RESULTS: two studies tested interventions focused on psychological support and three tested interventions focused on the physical effects of treatment. The psychoeducative intervention to manage the uncertainty about the disease and the treatment revealed statistically significant evidences and reduced the level of uncertainty and anguish it causes. CONCLUSION: the beneficial effects of telephone follow-up could be determined, as a useful tool for the monitoring of post-prostatectomy patients.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente/métodos , Prostatectomia , Telefone , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
18.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 66 Spec: 134-41, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24092320

RESUMO

The standardized language systems are important tools for dealing with the increasing complexity of nursing care. In this article the authors present the main benefits that the use of these systems provide for the required clinical reasoning in nursing care, the construction and organization of knowledge of the discipline, and for the clinical practice of nursing. The potential contributions of the standardized language systems in these fields stem from the fact that these systems provide a formal structure for supporting clinical reasoning, organizing knowledge and nursing experience.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Enfermagem , Competência Clínica , Terminologia como Assunto
19.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 21(2): 539-45, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23797547

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to investigate the use of religious/spiritual coping among people with cancer undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: a quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study of 101 patients undergoing intravenous chemotherapy in an oncology outpatients center in a public hospital in Minas Gerais, made in the first semester of 2011. For data collection, an interview was held, using a questionnaire for characterizing the sample and the Brief Spiritual/Religious Coping Scale. RESULTS: all subjects made use of religious/spiritual coping (mean=3.67; sd=0.37); the younger individuals, those with no religion and those who consider spiritual support unimportant tend to use coping negatively; individuals who would like to receive spiritual support and who participate in support groups for cancer patients, on the other hand, use coping positively. CONCLUSIONS: the study reinforces that religious/spiritual coping is an important strategy for coping with cancer, and contributes to an understanding of the same as a useful tool for spiritual care.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 21(1): 442-9, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23546330

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to verify whether the Paw Edema Model can be used in investigations about the effects of Therapeutic Touch on inflammation by measuring the variables pain, edema and neutrophil migration. METHOD: this is a pilot and experimental study, involving ten male mice of the same genetic strain and divided into experimental and control group, submitted to the chemical induction of local inflammation in the right back paw. The experimental group received a daily administration of Therapeutic Touch for 15 minutes during three days. RESULTS: the data showed statistically significant differences in the nociceptive threshold and in the paw circumference of the animals from the experimental group on the second day of the experiment. CONCLUSION: the experiment model involving animals can contribute to study the effects of Therapeutic Touch on inflammation, and adjustments are suggested in the treatment duration, number of sessions and experiment duration.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Toque Terapêutico , Animais , Edema/terapia , Inflamação/terapia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Projetos Piloto
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