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1.
Oral Oncol ; 128: 105831, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395554

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon myeloid neoplasm characterized by clonal neoplastic proliferation of Langerhans-type dendritic cells associated with a reactive inflammatory infiltrate composed predominantly of lymphocytes and eosinophils. Only three cases of LCH mimicking periapical lesions have been reported in the English-language literature to date. Herein, we report a rare case of LCH involving the mandible of a 45-years-old woman mimicking microscopically and radiographically a residual cyst. The patient underwent enucleation and curettage of the lesion. Microscopically, the lesion showed fibrous tissue with an intense inflammatory infiltrate and histiocytes with irregular to elongated nuclei with prominent nuclear grooves. The tumor cells were positive for S-100 protein, CD1a, and CD207. After careful evaluation through imaging tests to rule out lesions in other anatomical locations, the diagnosis was solitary LCH of the mandible. After four years of follow-up, the patient remained with no evidence of recurrence. This case emphasizes the importance of a carefully clinical, radiographic, and microscopical evaluation of bone lesions, including periapical or residual cysts, since some neoplasms can mimic common benign lesions of the jaws. Although conservative approaches to treating solitary mandibular bone lesions of LCH can be employed, long-term follow-up is strongly recommended.


Assuntos
Cistos , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans , Cistos/complicações , Cistos/patologia , Feminino , Cabeça/patologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/complicações , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/patologia , Humanos , Células de Langerhans/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
2.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 51(5): 493-500, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IgG4-related disease is a fibroinflammatory and immune-mediated condition, which has extremely variable clinical manifestations. In this study, we aim to investigate the clinicopathological features of IgG4-related disease involving the oral and maxillofacial region. METHODS: Cases of IgG4-related disease manifesting in the oral and maxillofacial region were retrieved from three Brazilian institutions. Clinical and serological data were obtained from the patients' medical charts, while microscopic and immunohistochemical findings were revised by oral pathologists. Diagnosis followed the American College of Rheumatology/European League against Rheumatism criteria. RESULTS: Seven patients diagnosed with IgG4-related disease were included in this study. Women were affected in all analysed cases, with a mean age of 55.4 years. Two patients presented with the clinical involvement of more than one oral and maxillofacial anatomic site. Therefore, our sample comprised nine oral and maxillofacial anatomic sites affected by IgG4-related disease. The submandibular gland was affected in four cases, the tongue and the parotid gland in two cases each, and the palate in one case. In a few cases, exploratory lower lip biopsy was used as a diagnostic approach. A moderate-to-severe lymphoid infiltrate containing plasma cells and lymphocytes, with an increased IgG4/IgG ratio, was common. Treatment varied and steroids were the most frequently used (57.4%). Six patients remained alive, while one died from unknown causes. CONCLUSION: Although major salivary glands are commonly affected by IgG4-related disease, the oral cavity can also be involved, and lower lip biopsy may be an auxiliary diagnostic tool.


Assuntos
Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4 , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/análise , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/diagnóstico , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/patologia , Lábio/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Glândula Submandibular
3.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 603-612, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal regions are relatively uncommon, and their diagnosis is challenging and complex due to the myriad histopathological subtypes. Herein, we report a large series of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas and compare our data with the currently available literature. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as lymphomas affecting the oral and oropharyngeal regions were retrospectively retrieved from seven Brazilian institutions. Clinicodemographic data and histopathological features were evaluated and described, while a comprehensive literature review was undertaken in order to compare our findings. RESULTS: A total of 304 cases of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas were obtained, mostly affecting individuals aged 60-69 years (n = 68) with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.2 ± 20.1 years. Males and females were equally affected. Mature B-cell neoplasms (87.2%) were the most common group, followed by mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms (11.2%) and precursor lymphoid neoplasms (1.6%). The most frequent subtypes in each group were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 99), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (n = 12), and B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 4). The most commonly involved sites were the palate (26.3%), mandible (13%), and maxilla (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, remains the most common subtype of lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal region. Older patients are the most affected, with no gender predilection and the palate and jaw are usually affected.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Palato , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737015

RESUMO

During oral pathology daily practice, true amyloid may be identified in oral amyloidosis and several odontogenic tumors. However, histologic examination often reveals other oral and perioral diseases with similar eosinophilic, acellular, amorphous substances. These include extensive areas of collagenous sclerosis, fibrin deposition, elastic fiber degeneration, and dentinoid material, which may resemble amyloid under light microscopic examination. These materials are often termed "amyloid-like" due to their close histologic resemblance to true amyloid. The rarity of most of these conditions and their strong histologic similarity may hamper an accurate diagnosis. Definitive diagnosis of these lesions may require clinical correlation; laboratory evaluation; histochemical or immunohistochemical reactions; and, in some cases, genetic investigation. In this review, we describe the main clinicopathologic features of this group of diseases that may manifest in the oral and/or perioral regions and that have in common the presence of amyloid-like material deposition.


Assuntos
Amiloidose , Tumores Odontogênicos , Amiloide , Amiloidose/diagnóstico , Tecido Elástico , Humanos
5.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol ; 131(4): 452-462.e4, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the clinicopathological, molecular, and prognostic features of oral/oropharyngeal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma. STUDY DESIGN: All cases were retrieved from 7 Brazilian institutions. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed to confirm the diagnoses and to categorize the tumors. In situ hybridization was used to detect Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to identify gene rearrangements. RESULTS: Most cases involved the oral cavity (76.8%). Males and females, with a mean age of 60 years, were evenly affected. Tumors mostly presented as painful swellings. Forty cases represented germinal center B-cell type (58%). Five cases presented double-hit translocation and 3 harbored rearrangement for MYC/BCL2/BCL6. EBV was detected in 3 cases (4.3%). The 5-year overall survival was 44.4%. Female sex, presence of pain and ulcer, microscopic "starry sky pattern" and necrosis, co-expression of c-Myc/Bcl2, and translocation of MYC were associated with a lower survival in univariate analysis (P = .05, P = .01, P = .01, P = .03, P = .05, P = .006, P = .05, respectively). CONCLUSION: Patients affected by oral/oropharyngeal DLBCL have a low survival rate. High-grade B-cell lymphoma (17.7%) and EBV-positive DLBCL, not otherwise specified (4.3%) account for a small number of cases.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética
6.
Oral Dis ; 27(2): 266-276, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to investigate the prognostic value of RUNX1 expression in 76 patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases were arranged in tissue microarray blocks and submitted to immunohistochemistry against RUNX1. These results were statistically correlated with clinicopathologic features, including age, gender, tumour site, tumour size, lymph node status, AJCC clinical stage, distant metastasis, treatment, recurrences, follow-up, histologic pattern, vascular and neural invasion, all of which obtained from patient's medical records. RESULTS: RUNX1 was expressed in the nuclei of tumour cells, with a mean of 18.1% of positivity. Nuclear RUNX1 expression was significantly associated with AJCC clinical stage (p < .0001), solid histologic pattern (p < .0001), vascular invasion (p < .0001) and presence of local recurrence (p < .0001). Using univariate and multivariate analyses, RUNX1 nuclear expression was significantly associated with a lower disease-free survival (p < .0001 and p = .028, respectively) and disease-specific survival (p < .0001 and p = .018, respectively) rates. CONCLUSION: In summary, RUNX1 nuclear expression may represent an indicator of unfavourable outcome for patients affected by head and neck ACC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico
9.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(10): e999-e1004, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154803

RESUMO

Metastasis to the oral cavity are rare, representing only 1% of all oral malignancies, and originate from various sites such as the breast, prostate, lung and kidney. Clinically, they can simulate reactive and inflammatory lesions common in the oral cavity, and the clinical and microscopic diagnosis of these metastasis is a challenge. In this article, we report two new cases of esophageal and lung metastasis to oral tissues, highlighting their clinical characteristics and the process of diagnostic elucidation. We emphasize the importance for clinicians to consider the possibility of metastatic lesions in the oral cavity in patients previously diagnosed with malignant lesions in distant tissues and organs. Key words:Diagnosis, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma of lung, oral cavity, metastasis.

10.
Oral Oncol ; 101: 104375, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371241

RESUMO

Oral melanoma in HIV-positive patients is exceedingly rare, with only two cases reported in the literature published in English. Herein, we report two additional cases of oral melanomas which occurred as oral masses in the upper gingiva and hard palate in 35- and 27-year-old HIV-positive women. Significant thrombocytopenia, anemia, reduced CD4 cells, and high HIV load occurred in both patients. Microscopically, the lesions showed a variable proliferation of fusiform and epithelioid-pigmented cells, with cellular pleomorphism and high mitotic index. The diagnosis of melanoma was supported by positive immunoreactivity for S-100, MelanA, and HMB-45. Both cases had an unfavorable outcome, and the patients died a few months after the initial diagnosis. Because of its rarity, oral melanoma occurring in HIV-positive patients can pose problems in diagnosis and should be clinically distinguished from Kaposi's sarcoma, which is more common in the context of the immunodeficiency syndrome.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/complicações , Melanoma/complicações , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Terapia Combinada , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Melanoma/terapia
11.
Hum Pathol ; 85: 279-289, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30468799

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction is caused by an imbalance in the fission and fusion processes, and it has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several human cancers. However, the role of mitochondrial markers in melanomas still remains poorly understood. In this study, the authors assessed the expression of 3 mitochondrial markers (antimitochondrial, fission protein 1 [FIS1], and mitofusin 2 [MFN2]) in a series of head and neck mucosal and cutaneous melanomas. Patients with cutaneous (n = 56) and mucosal (oral, n = 30, sinonasal, n = 26) melanomas of the head and neck region were enrolled in this study. Clinical and follow-up data were retrieved from medical records. The expression of 3 mitochondrial markers was assessed by the immunohistochemistry, and then digitally quantified and correlated with clinicopathological data and outcome information. In the multivariate model, high mitochondrial content was identified as an independent prognostic value for disease-free survival (DFS) in cutaneous melanomas and overall survival in oral melanomas. FIS1 expression was significantly associated with lower overall survival rates in patients with oral melanomas and strictly correlated with vascular invasion in mucosal melanomas. MFN2 was associated with high risk of distant metastasis in patients with cutaneous melanomas. In summary, the authors demonstrated that mitochondrial content, along with FIS1 and MFN2 expressions, is correlated with important clinicopathological characteristics in patients with cutaneous and mucosal head and neck melanomas.


Assuntos
GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Melanoma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(13): e9934, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29595701

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Oral metastases occur more commonly in bone, but can also manifest in soft tissues and eventually resemble a reactive lesion. Few cases of oral metastases mimicking reactive lesions in soft tissues have been reported to date. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a metastasis of gastric carcinoma (GC) to the oral mucosa without bone involvement in a 43 yom clinically and microscopically mimicking a reactive lesion. The patient related that the lesion had 1 month of evolution, and the ulcerated area suggested the lesion was related to trauma. DIAGNOSES: The histopathological examination of the lesion revealed an exuberant granulation tissue with few neoplastic cells, and the initial diagnosis of pyogenic granuloma was considered. In a second analysis, clusters of clear cells morphologically similar to degenerating mucous cells or macrophages, positive for Cytokeratin (CK)-20, and CDX2 were found. At the moment, it was confirmed the presence of a primary GC in the patient. INTERVENTIONS: A palliative radiotherapy/chemotherapy was started. OUTCOMES: However, the patient died 3 months after the diagnosis of oral metastasis. LESSONS: This report highlights the importance of careful clinical and microscopic examinations in cases of oral metastasis that may mimic a reactive lesion.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/secundário , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Granuloma Piogênico/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Lasers Med Sci ; 32(1): 35-43, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27649960

RESUMO

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) induces anti-inflammatory and angiogenic activities in wound healing. However, the mechanism of action and optimal parameters require further clarification. In this study, we investigated the effects of LLLT on wound healing matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 immunoexpression and angiogenic processes. Twenty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 5) according to the treatments as follows. CG7 and CG14 were control groups at days 7 and 14, respectively, which received physiological saline (0.9 % NaCl daily). LG7 and LG14 were laser therapy groups at days 7 and 14, respectively, which received two (LG7) or four (LG14) LLLT applications (40 mW; 660 nm; 4 J/cm2). A dorsal skin sample in the wound area (measuring 2 cm2) was removed after the experimental period, and then the animals were euthanized. The specimens were processed for qualitative and quantitative histological analyses and measurement of MMP-2 expression in the dermis and epidermis. A persistent crust and moderate number of inflammatory cells were found in CG7 and CG14 groups. In the LG14 group, wounds demonstrated complete re-epithelization at the remodeling phase. Angiogenesis and MMP-2 expression were higher in LLLT-treated groups, particularly the LG14 group, which correlated according to the Spearman correlation test. LLLT improves wound healing by enhancing neocollagenesis, increasing the amount of new vessels formed in the tissue (neoangiogenesis), and modulating MMP-2 expression. Epidermal overexpression of MMP-2 was correlated to angiogenic processes.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Cicatrização/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Derme/patologia , Epiderme/patologia , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ratos Wistar
14.
Case Rep Dent ; 2015: 826389, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26180645

RESUMO

Epidermoid cysts are common cystic lesions in the skin, ovaries, and testicles, but their occurrence in the oral cavity is uncommon. They consist of cysts delimited by a fibrous capsule without cutaneous annexes and are lined by stratified squamous epithelium. The differential diagnosis includes ranula, dermoid cysts, and lingual thyroid. Despite their benign presentation, these cysts can cause functional limitations, requiring special clinical attention for extensive lesions located in regions that preserve vital structures. This paper aims to report a case of epidermoid cyst in patient with swallowing and breathing difficulty, highlighting the clinical and surgical planning.

15.
Oncol Lett ; 9(3): 1015-1026, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25663851

RESUMO

Inflammation is a defense strategy against invading agents and harmful molecules that is activated immediately following a stimulus, and involves the release of cytokines and chemokines, which activate the innate immune response. These mediators act together to increase blood flow and vascular permeability, facilitating recruitment of effector cells to the site of injury. Following resolution of the injury and removal of the stimulus, inflammation is disabled, but if the stimulus persists, inflammation becomes chronic and is strongly associated with cancer. This is likely to be due to the fact that the inflammation leads to a wound that does not heal, requiring a constant renewal of cells, which increases the risk of neoplastic transformation. Debris from phagocytosis, including the reactive species of oxygen and nitrogen that cause damage to DNA already damaged by the leukotrienes and prostaglandins, has an impact on inflammation and various carcinogenic routes. There is an association between chronic inflammation, persistent infection and cancer, where oncogenic action is mediated by autocrine and paracrine signals, causing changes in somatic cells under the influence of the microbial genome or of epigenetic factors. Among the infectious agents associated with cancer, certain genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) stand out. HPV is responsible for virtually all cases of cervical cancer and a lower proportion of cancers of the vagina, vulva, anus, penis and a number of extragenital cancers. In the present review, recent advances in the mechanisms involved in the inflammatory response are presented with their participation in the process of carcinogenesis, emphasizing the role of chronic inflammation in the development of HPV-induced cervical cancer.

16.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 14(6): 1009-13, 2013 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24858741

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to perform a histological analysis of the gingival mucosa in infant rats undergoing the teething process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen Wistar rats between 8 and 15 days of life were distributed among three groups: group A--without teething; group B--eruption of incisors; and group C--eruption of incisors and molars. The samples included teeth and periodontal tissue from the region of the incisors and molars of each animal. Fragments were processed for histological analysis and submitted to immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: In the 8-day-old rats, mild inflammatory infiltrate predominated with mononuclear cells in the pericoronal follicles of the incisors and molars. At 12 days of age, all animals exhibited moderate inflammation in the pericoronal follicles and epithelium of the incisors and mild inflammatory infiltrate with predominantly mononuclear cells in the molars. At 15 days of age, moderate neutrophilic exudate was found in the pericoronal follicles and epithelium of the incisors and molars. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed positivity for interleukin- 1b in the pericoronal follicles in the pre-eruption phase. CONCLUSION: An inflammatory reaction with progressive intensity occurs during the teething process, the response of which is preceded by the release of interleukin-1b. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Morphological proof of events that occur during teething that can affect the dynamics of the physiologic process manifesting as clinical symptoms.


Assuntos
Gengiva/patologia , Erupção Dentária/fisiologia , Animais , Saco Dentário/patologia , Epitélio/patologia , Gengiva/imunologia , Incisivo/fisiologia , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Leucócitos Mononucleares/patologia , Dente Molar/fisiologia , Infiltração de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Periodonto/imunologia , Periodonto/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Erupção Dentária/imunologia
17.
Pediatr Dent ; 33(1): 14-8, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21406142

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to histologically evaluate the repair of rat tissue after pulpotomy and covering the pulp tissue with Copaifera langsdorffi oil resin, green propolis extract, fibrin sponge and iodoform-based paste. METHODS: Pulpotomies were performed in the maxillary and mandibular first molars of 21 Wistar rats (84 total teeth). The access cavities were sealed with Coltosol, and histological evaluations were performed at 24 hours, 15 days, and 30 days postoperatively. RESULTS: For all experimental periods and materials, an inflammatory response constituted predominantly by neutrophils was observed, being of milder intensity for the Copaifera langsdorffii oil-resin group and more severe for the fibrin sponge group, which exhibited periapical microabscesses. Necrosis was observed in all groups, and its extension increased with time, except for teeth protected with Copaifera langsdorffii oil-resin. Formation of a mineralized tissue barrier in the pulp exposure area occurred only in the Copaifera langsdorffii oil-resin group. Other findings, such as vascular congestion, edema, and hemorrhage, were observed in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: The inflammatory response was less severe, the area of pulp necrosis was smaller, and more frequent formation of a mineralized tissue barrier was noted after pulpotomy was performed with Copaifera langsdorffii oil-resin compared to the other materials tested.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária/fisiologia , Fabaceae , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/uso terapêutico , Animais , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/etiologia , Dentina Secundária/metabolismo , Feminino , Adesivo Tecidual de Fibrina/uso terapêutico , Hidrocarbonetos Iodados/uso terapêutico , Abscesso Periapical/etiologia , Própole/uso terapêutico , Pulpite/etiologia , Pulpotomia/efeitos adversos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
18.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 105(1): 21-4, 2009 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19150057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection according to cervical cytologic status in northeastern Brazil; identify other risk factors for low- and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs and HSILs); and identify the most prevalent HPV genotypes associated with the lesions. METHOD: Two cervical smears were collected from 250 women referred for cancer screening, one for cytologic examination and the other to test for the presence of HPV by PCR with genotyping by dot blot hybridization. RESULT: There were 110 healthy cervices, 82 LSILs, and 58 HSILs. The overall HPV prevalence was 48%, with higher rates for HSILs, and HPV-16 was the most prevalent type. Age, multiple sexual partners, type of HPV present, smoking, and early onset of sexual activity were risk factors for cervical lesions. CONCLUSION: Age, multiple sexual partners, and infection with HPV-16 increased the risk of having LSILs or HSILs. Early onset of sexual activity and smoking only increased the risk of having HSILs.


Assuntos
Colo do Útero/virologia , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Colo do Útero/citologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Immunoblotting , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Parceiros Sexuais , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Esfregaço Vaginal , Adulto Jovem
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